U.S. Weapons Technology at Risk

Report of the
House International Relations Committee
1 May 2004


The U.S. recently wrapped up negotiations with the the United Kingdom and Australia on agreements for the license-free export of many items on the U.S. Munitions List. These are the first such agreements, which were authorized as part of the Clinton Administration's Defense Trade Security Initiative (DTSI). Licensing exemptions were among the most controversial of the DTSI changes and Congress gave their consent only on the condition that the recipient country take steps to mitigate any potential risks. These steps are spelled out in section 38(j) of the Arms Export Control Act. Despite several years of negotiations, the UK and Australia remain either unwilling or unable to satisfy all of these requirements, and the administration is seeking "legislative relief" from them through an amendment to the Arms Export Control Act.

The following report highlights the dangers of licensing exemptions and the specific shortcomings of the UK and Australia agreements.

  • Full Report (PDF)
  • Report only (no appendices)
  • Appendix 1佑omparison of Military Export Controls in Key Areas
  • Appendix 2有etter from Chairman Gilman, Chairman Helms, Ranking Member Gejdenson and Ranking Member Biden dated March 16, 2000
  • Appendix 3有etter from Deputy Assistant Attorney General Swartz to Senior Adviser Holum dated April 27, 2000
  • Appendix 4有etter from Secretary Cohen to Secretary Albright dated May 5, 2000
  • Appendix 5有etter from Secretary Cohen to Chairman Gilman dated June 28, 2000
  • Appendix 6有etter from Chairman Hyde to Secretary Powell dated May 5, 2003 (with enclosure)
  • Appendix 7有etter from Deputy Secretary Armitage to Chairman Hyde dated May 20, 2003
  • Appendix 8有etter from Assistant Secretary Kelly to Chairman Hyde dated June 4, 2003 (with attachments裕abs 17). [n.b., Tab 1 intentionally omitted]
  • Appendix 9有etter from Chairman Hyde to Secretary Powell dated June 25,2003 (with enclosure)
  • Appendix 10有etter from Assistant Secretary Kelly to Chairman Hyde dated July 25, 2003 (with enclosures)
  • Appendix 11優epartment of Homeland Security Press Release, dated September 2003, entitled 荘Recent Strategic Investigations by Special Agents of U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE)鋳
  • Appendix 12有etter from Assistant Secretary Kelly to Chairman Hyde dated November 6, 2003 (with enclosures)
  • Appendix 13有etter from Under Secretary Hutchinson to Chairman Hyde dated November 17, 2003 (with enclosure)
  • Appendix 14有etter from Assistant Attorney General Moschella to Chairman Hyde dated November 18,2003
  • Appendix 15有etter from Secretary Powell to Chairman Hyde dated November 25, 2003
  • Appendix 16有etter from Chairman Hyde and Ranking Member Lantos to Secretary Powell dated February 10, 2004

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