Fiscal Year 2002:
"Section 655" Report


Direct Commercial Sales Foreign Military Sales Excess Defense Articles
International Military Education and Training Drawdowns

The United States administration is required by Congress to prepare an annual report on military assistance, military exports, and military imports known as the "Section 655" report (after the section of the Foreign Assistance Act which requires it).  This report provides the most detailed official accounting available of specific U.S. weapons systems exported or licensed for export to governments or private buyers around the world.  

The Pentagon and the State Department each prepare their own portion of the 655 report.  All sales and grants of military equipment and training administered by the DOD's Defense Security Cooperation Agency are included in the Pentagon's section, including drawdowns, excess defense articles, international military education and training, and foreign military sales (FMS). The State Department is in charge of direct commercial sales (DCS); its section includes only DCS licenses authorized, not actual weapons deliveries. 

The entire report for fiscal year 2002 (1 Oct. 2001 - 30 Sept. 2002) is provided below in pdf format. To view the report, you will need Adobe Acrobat Reader, which can be downloaded for free by clicking the icon below. The 655 report is required by law to be posted online, but the Defense Department has not yet posted its sections of the reports from FY1999 through FY2002. The redacted versions of the Pentagon's report for those years were acquired by the Arms Sales Monitoring Project via the Freedom of Information Act.


 


State Department 

Direct Commercial Sales (DCS): Transfers negotiated between the manufacturing company and the foreign buyer, and approved by the Department of State through the issuance of an export license. Note: in 2004, the State Department made several revisions to part I. The documents below include those revisions.   

Data covers licenses authorized, not actual weapons deliveries.

Entire report (400 KB; best for printing whole copy)

Report broken into 7-10 page pieces:

 

Defense Department

The Defense Department's section of the 655 report covers several different types of aid and sales. The transmittal letter to Congress summarizes the contents of the report.

Foreign Military Sales (FMS): New and used weapons, spare parts, and related services purchased directly from the US government by foreign governments. The weapons may be new production, which the Pentagon contracts with the manufacturer for, or from used stocks. This part of the report is arranged by region.

Entire section (3.1 MB)

Report broken down by region and country:

Excess Defense Articles (EDA): Used weapons and equipment given away for free to foreign governments. Excess defense articles are given away as-is and are sometimes refused by the foreign government. The report gives the quantities offered and those actually accepted.

International Military Education and Training (IMET): The money spent on training for the militaries of 113 countries. More complete information on military training is available here.

Drawdowns: Assistance given at the discretion of the President. Drawdowns in FY02 went to Nigeria, Afghanistan, Georgia, the Philippines, and Tunisia.


 

For a general guide to the arms sales process and in-depth descriptions of different types of sales, check out the "Ways and Means" chapter of The Arms Trade Revealed: a Guide for Investigators and Activists.

 

Last updated 5/8/03

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