Fiscal Year 1998:
"Section 655" Report


The United States administration is required by Congress to prepare an annual report on military assistance, military exports, and military imports known as the "Section 655" report (after the section of the Foreign Assistance Act which requires it).  This report provides the most detailed official accounting available of specific U.S. weapons systems exported or licensed for export to militaries around the world during fiscal year 1998 (1 Oct. 1997-30 Sept. 1998). 

The Pentagon and the State Department each prepare their own portion of the 655 report.  All sales and grants of military equipment and training administered by the DOD's Defense Security Cooperation Agency are included in the Pentagon's section, including drawdowns, excess defense articles, international military education and training, and foreign military sales (FMS). The State Department is in charge of direct commercial sales (DCS); its section includes only DCS licenses authorized, not actual weapons deliveries. 

In future years, this information should be available on government websites, thanks to Title XIII, Section 1306(b) of the FY2000 omnibus spending bill, which mandates that the 655 report be put online.  We are only able to post this in pdf format; to view, Adobe Acrobat Reader can be downloaded for free by clicking the icon below. 


 

State Department, License Information:

DCS
Direct Commercial Sales: Transfers negotiated between the manufacturing company and the foreign buyer, and approved by the Department of State through the issuance of an export license.
These figures are only for licenses authorized, not actual weapons deliveries. 
Algeria, Andora, Antigua, Argentina, Aruba, Australia, Austria, Bahamas, Bahrain, Belize, Bermuda, Bolivia, Boznia Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Canada, Republic of Cape Verde, Cayman Islands, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Estonia, Faroe Islands, Fiji, Finland, France, French Guiana, French Polynesia, Gabon, The Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Gibraltar, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hong Kong, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macau, Macedonia, Malawi, Malaysia, Republic of Maldives, Mali, Malta, Mauritius, Mexico, Monaco, Morocco, Nambia, Nepal, Netherlands, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Reunion, Romania, Russia, San Marino, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia,   Solomon Islands, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, St. Kitts & Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent & Grenadin, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, United Republic of Tanzania, Thailand, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Turks and Caicos Is., Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Nations, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, various, Venezuela, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe/global total
 

Defense Department, Sales Information:

FMS
Foreign Military Sales: 
New and used weapons, spare parts, and related services purchased directly from the US government by foreign governments. The weapons may be new production, which the Pentagon contracts with the manufacturer for, or from used stocks. This part of the report is arranged by region:

Defense Department, Grant Information:

EDA
Excess Defense Articles authorized to be given away for free to Antigua, Argentina, Bahrain, Botswana, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bolivia, Sri Lanka, Chile, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, Estonia, Greece, Honduras, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Latvia, Lithuania, Slovakia, Moldova, FYROM, Morocco, Oman, Philippines, Portugal, Romania, Rwanda, St. Lucia, Trinidad, Thailand, Turkey, Tunisia and Venezuela.

Excess Defense Articles actually delivered to Antigua, Argentina, Bahrain, Botswana, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bolivia, Chile, Dominican Republic, Egypt, Estonia, Greece, Honduras, Israel, Jordan, Latvia, Lithuania, FYROM, Morocco, Oman, St. Lucia, Trinidad, Thailand, Tunisia and Venezuela.

Drawdowns
Multinational counternarcotics assistance to Colombia, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Brazil, Eastern Caribbean, Jamaica, Trinidad & Tobago, Dominican Republic, Mexico, and Guatemala.

Special assistance to Jordan.
 

IMET
International Military Education and Training: Funds allocated to international military education and training for 109 different countries.

For a general guide to the arms sales process and in-depth descriptions of different types of sales, check out the "Ways and Means" chapter of The Arms Trade Revealed: a Guide for Investigators and Activists.

Last updated 6/01/01
By: Bryan Stewart

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