Table S–1. Budget Totals
(Dollar amounts in billions)

  2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
               
In billions of dollars:              
   Receipts 1,782 1,798 2,036 2,206 2,351 2,485 2,616
   Outlays 2,158 2,319 2,400 2,473 2,592 2,724 2,853
      Deficit 1  -375 -521 -364 -268 -241 -239 -237
               
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) 10,828 11,466 12,042 12,641 13,279 13,973 14,702
               
As a percent of GDP:              
   Receipts 16.5% 15.7% 16.9% 17.4% 17.7% 17.8% 17.8%
   Outlays 19.9% 20.2% 19.9% 19.6% 19.5% 19.5% 19.4%
      Deficit -3.5% -4.5% -3.0% -2.1% -1.8% -1.7% -1.6%
               
The Budget incorporates the HHS actuaries' estimates for the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003. Because CBO's 10–year cost estimates of this bill were significantly below the HHS actuaries' estimates and because of the uncertainties involved in these estimates, Table S-13 also includes deficit calculations that reflect the lower CBO estimates.

Table S–2. Discretionary Totals
(Budget authority; dollar amounts in billions)

  Actual 2004
Enacted
2005
Proposed
2004–2005
Dollar Change
  2001 2002 2003
             
Discretionary budget authority:            
   Homeland Security (non-Defense) 10 13 24 28 30 3
   Department of Defense 303 328 365 375 402 26
   Other Operations of Government 331 351 370 384 386 2
Total, Discretionary budget authority 644 691 758 787 818 31
             
Percent change by category:            
   Homeland Security (non-Defense) 13.9% 21.5% 84.9% 18.2% 9.7%  
   Department of Defense 5.3% 8.3% 11.5% 2.7% 7.1%  
   Other Operations of Government 14.9% 6.0% 5.4% 4.0% 0.5%  
Total, Percent change 10.2% 7.3% 9.8% 3.8% 3.9%  
             
Supplementals:            
   Homeland Security 3 12 6 *    
   Defense and Other War on Terror 14 18 80 87    
   Non-Defense, non-Homeland 3 14 5 *    
Total, Supplemental funding 20 44 91 87    
             
Total, Discretionary budget authority with supplementals 664 735 849 874 818 -56
             
Percent change by category with supplementals:            
   Homeland Security (non-Defense) 41.6% 86.3% 21.8% -5.5% 9.3%  
   Department of Defense 10.3% 9.1% 28.9% 3.7% -13.1%  
   Other Operations of Government 16.0% 9.2% 2.6% 2.7% 0.4%  
Total, Percent change 13.6% 10.7% 15.6% 2.9% -6.4%  
             
*Less than $0.5 billion.

Table S–3. Agency Growth in Discretionary Spending
(Budget authority; dollar amounts in billions)

                Growth
Actual   Estimate   2004-2005   Average Cumulative
Agency 2001 2002 2003   2004 2005   Change Percent   2001–2005 2001–2005
                         
Agriculture 19.2 20.1 21.7   20.7 19.1   -1.7 -8.1%   -0.2% -0.9%
Commerce 5.1 5.4 5.6   5.8 5.7   -0.1 -1.0%   2.9% 12.1%
Defense 302.5 327.8 365.3   375.3 401.7   26.5 7.1%   7.3% 32.8%
Education 40.1 48.5 53.1   55.7 57.3   1.7 3.0%   9.3% 43.0%
Energy 20.0 20.9 21.9   23.3 23.6   0.3 1.2%   4.2% 17.7%
Health and Human Services 54.0 59.5 65.7   69.3 68.2   -1.1 -1.6%   6.0% 26.2%
Homeland Security 14.0 15.7 22.0   27.1 28.3   1.3 4.6%   19.3% 102.3%
Housing and Urban Development 28.4 29.4 30.1   30.4 31.3   0.8 2.8%   2.5% 10.3%
Interior 10.3 10.5 10.5   10.6 10.8   0.2 1.9%   1.4% 5.7%
Justice 18.4 18.6 19.0   19.3 18.7   -0.6 -3.1%   0.5% 2.1%
Labor 11.9 12.1 11.8   11.7 11.9   0.1 1.3%   -0.1% -0.4%
State 7.7 9.0 9.2   9.3 10.3   1.0 10.7%   7.3% 32.8%
Transportation 14.6 12.8 13.5   13.9 13.3   -0.5 -3.9%   -2.1% -8.3%
Treasury 10.3 10.5 10.7   11.2 10.8   -0.4 -3.6%   1.1% 4.3%
Veterans Affairs 22.4 23.8 26.4   29.1 29.7   0.5 1.8%   7.3% 32.5%
Corps of Engineers 4.7 4.5 4.6   4.6 4.0   -0.6 -13.1%   -4.1% -15.4%
Environmental Protection Agency 7.8 7.9 8.1   8.4 7.8   -0.6 -7.2%   -0.2% -1.0%
Executive Office of the President 0.3 0.3 0.3   0.3 0.3   0.0 0.5%   6.8% 30.2%
General Services Administration 0.2 0.2 1.3   0.5 0.2   -0.2 -49.2%   5.3% 22.8%
International Assistance Programs 12.6 12.7 13.6   15.7 19.3   3.7 23.5%   11.3% 53.6%
Judicial Branch 4.0 4.3 4.6   4.8 5.4   0.6 11.5%   7.8% 35.2%
Legislative Branch 2.8 3.0 3.4   3.6 4.0   0.4 12.3%   9.8% 45.4%
NASA 14.3 14.8 15.3   15.4 16.2   0.9 5.6%   3.3% 14.0%
National Science Foundation 4.4 4.8 5.3   5.6 5.7   0.2 3.0%   6.7% 29.7%
Small Business Administration 0.9 0.8 0.8   0.8 0.7   -0.1 -10.4%   -6.8% -24.7%
Social Security Administration 6.0 6.4 6.7   7.2 7.6   0.4 5.9%   5.9% 25.8%
Other Agencies 7.0 6.8 7.9   8.0 6.5   -1.5 -19.1%   -2.0% -7.6%
Total, Discretionary Spending 643.8 691.0 758.5   787.3 818.4   31.1 3.9%   6.2% 27.1%
                         
Emergency Response Funds and Supplementals 20.0 43.8 90.9   87.3              
                         

Table S–4. Percentage Year-to-Year Growth in Discretionary Budget Authority


Agency 2000
to
2001
2001
to
2002
2002
to
2003
2003
to
2004
2004
to
2005
Average
Growth
2001-2005
             
   Agriculture 13% 4% 8% -4% -8% *
   Commerce -41% 6% 3% 4% -1% 3%
   Defense 5% 8% 11% 3% 7% 7%
   Education 37% 21% 10% 5% 3% 9%
   Energy 13% 4% 5% 6% 1% 4%
   Health and Human Services 19% 10% 10% 5% -2% 6%
   Homeland Security -4% 12% 39% 23% 5% 19%
   Housing and Urban Development 34% 4% 2% 1% 3% 2%
   Interior 21% 2% * 1% 2% 1%
   Justice 14% 1% 2% 2% -3% 1%
   Labor 36% 2% -2% -1% 1% *
   State -1% 16% 3% * 11% 7%
   Transportation 40% -12% 5% 3% -4% -2%
   Treasury 12% 2% 2% 5% -4% 1%
   Veterans Affairs 7% 6% 11% 10% 2% 7%
   Corps of Engineers 14% -4% 3% -1% -13% -4%
   Environmental Protection Agency 3% 1% 2% 3% -7% *
   Executive Office of the President -4% 5% 14% 8% * 7%
   International Assistance Programs -8% 1% 7% 15% 23% 11%
   Judicial Branch 8% 9% 6% 5% 12% 8%
   Legislative Branch 9% 10% 13% 5% 12% 10%
   NASA 5% 4% 4% * 6% 3%
   National Science Foundation 13% 8% 11% 5% 3% 7%
   Small Business Administration 1% -15% * -1% -10% -7%
   Social Security Administration 7% 6% 5% 7% 6% 6%
   Other Agencies 23% -3% 33% -9% -21% -2%
             
Percent Growth by Category:            
   Defense (DOD) 5% 8% 11% 3% 7% 7%
   Homeland Security 14% 21% 85% 18% 10% 31%
   Non-Defense, non-Homeland 15% 6% 5% 4% 1% 4%
             
Total, excluding emergency supplementals 10.2% 7.3% 9.8% 3.8% 3.9% 6%
Total, including emergency supplementals 13.6% 10.7% 15.6% 3.0% -6.4% 5%
             
*0.5 percent or less

Table S–5. Discretionary Proposals by Appropriations Subcommittee
(Budget authority in billions of dollars)

Appropriations Subcommittee 2004
Enacted
2005
Proposed
Change:
2004–2005
       
Agriculture and Rural Development 17.7 16.4 -1.2
Commerce, Justice, State, and the Judiciary 38.7 39.4 0.7
Defense 366.1 392.5 26.4
District of Columbia 0.5 0.6 *
Energy and Water Development 27.3 27.0 -0.3
Foreign Operations 17.5 21.3 3.8
Homeland Security 27.1 28.3 1.3
Interior and Related Agencies 20.0 20.0 -0.1
Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education 140.9 141.8 0.9
Legislative Branch 3.5 4.0 0.4
Military Construction 9.3 9.5 0.2
Transportation, Treasury, and General Government 28.7 26.0 -2.7
Veterans Affairs, Housing and Urban Development 90.1 92.0 1.9
Allowances -0.4 -0.4
       
Total, excluding supplemental funding 787.3 818.4 31.1
       
Supplemental funding 87.3  
       
*0.5 percent or less

Table S–6. Homeland Security Funding by Agency
(Budget authority in millions of dollars)

  2003   2004   2005
  Actual Supplemental   Estimate Supplemental   Proposed
               
Homeland Security Funding:              
   Department of Agriculture 300 110   327   651
   Department of Commerce 112   131   150
   Department of Defense-Military 1  8,442   7,024   8,023
   Department of Energy 1,247 162   1,363   1,497
   Department of Health and Human Services 4,002 142   4,109   4,276
   Department of Homeland Security 18,652 4,411   23,492 91   27,214
   Department of Justice 1,893 457   2,166 16   2,581
   Department of State 633 1   701   955
   Department of the Treasury 80   90   87
   Department of Transportation 383   284   243
   Department of Veterans Affairs 154   271   297
   Corps of Engineers 36 39   103   84
   Environmental Protection Agency 133   123   97
   Social Security Administration 132   143   155
   National Aeronautics and Space Administration 205   191   207
   National Science Foundation 285   328   344
   Other Agencies 429 7   461   525
Total, Homeland Security Funding 37,118 5,329   41,307 107   47,386
               
   Less Department of Defense-Military 1  -8,442   -7,024   -8,023
   Less Department of Homeland Security Project BioShield 2    -885   -2,528
               
Total, Homeland Security Funding, excluding Defense and BioShield 28,676 5,329   33,398 107   36,835
               
   Less Mandatory Homeland Security Funding 3  -1,760   -1,948   -2,261
   Less Discretionary Fee-Funded Activities 4  -3,414 705   -3,655   -4,081
               
Net Non-Defense Discretionary Homeland Security Budget Authority 23,502 6,034   27,795 107   30,493
               
Defense homeland security funding declines in 2004 due to one-time force protection investments in 2003.
The Administration is proposing a separate BEA category for the DHS Bioshield program (see Chapter 14 in the Analytical Perspectives volume).
Mandatory homeland security programs include Agriculture Quarantine and Inspections, Border Protection, and Immigration Enforcement.
Discretionary fee-funded homeland security programs include Visa Processing, Airport Security, and Social Security physical and computer security measures.

Table S–7. Adjustments of 2004 Discretionary Levels
(Budget authority in billions of dollars)

   
CBO Estimate of 2004 Likely Enacted 786.0
   
    Estimating differences:  
      Receipt estimates in housing and homeland security programs -0.9
      Differences due to scoring interpretations -0.3
      Other technical scoring differences 0.1
OMB Estimate of 2004 Enacted 784.9
   
    Post-enactment adjustments:  
      Reclassifications and technical reestimates:  
         Medicare administrative costs for P.L. 108–173, shift mandatory to discretionary 1.5
         Remove Project BioShield from discretionary category -0.9
         Rebase appropriations changes to Justice and USDA mandatory programs 1.5
         Technical revisions 0.3
Revised OMB Estimate of 2004 Enacted Current Year Levels 787.3
   

Table S–8. Mandatory Proposals
(In millions of dollars)

  2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Total
2005–2009 2005–2014
                 
Agriculture:                
   Forest Service Recreation Fee Proposal -17 -12 -7 -2 -38
   Extend expiring National School Lunch Act provisions 11 18 18 18
      Subtotal, Agriculture 11 18 -17 -12 -7 -2 -20 18
Education:                
   Reform the Federal Student Loan Programs to Help Students Afford College:                
      Expand Teacher Loan Forgiveness 227 50 52 54 57 440 763
      Retain Variable Interest Rates 103 200 198 175 676 1,783
      Increase Loan Limits for First-Year Students from $2,625 to $3,000 20 58 75 78 82 313 775
      Standardize FFEL and DL Extended Repayment Plans 184 112 -33 41 86 390 1,022
      Additional Benefits to Students 251 286 373 293 287 1,490 3,062
         Subtotal 682 609 667 664 687 3,309 7,405
   Standardize Guaranty Agency Insurance Premium -497 -352 -337 -339 -341 -1,866 -3,952
   Eliminate Rollover of Tax-Exempt Special Allowance -490 -448 -418 -430 -456 -2,242 -4,949
   Other Student Loan Reforms 116 -65 -92 -95 -90 -226 -807
      Subtotal, Education -189 -256 -180 -200 -200 -1,025 -2,303
Energy:                
   Reclassification of Nuclear Waste Disposal Fees as discretionary 749 754 757 767 767 3,794 7,655
   Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR), lease bonuses -1,200 -1,200 -1,200
      Subtotal, Energy 749 -446 757 767 767 2,594 6,455
Health and Human Services (HHS):                
   Medicaid/State Children’s Health Insurance Program:                
      Medicaid proposals 175 889 846 959 1,098 1,252 5,044 7,863
      Program Integrity -1,542 -1,737 -1,924 -2,120 -2,327 -9,650 -23,553
   Temporary Assistance for Needy Families Reauthorization 96 279 328 337 350 361 1,657 3,390
                 
   Healthy Marriages:                
      Healthy Marriage and Family Formation Initiative -118 -59 13 38 40 40 72 272
      State-based Abstinence Grants 9 30 45 49 50 50 224 474
      Child Support Enforcement: Increase Collections and Improve Program Effectiveness -63 10 70 49 39 105 248
         Subtotal, Healthy marriages -109 -92 68 157 139 129 401 994
   Foster Care: Clarify Statutory Eligibility Definition -67 -69 -72 -75 -78 -361 -807
   Child Welfare Program Option 7 90 120 -26 -195 -4
   Compensation for 2000–01 Military Wage Credits (non-paygo):                
      Payment to Medicare trust funds 181 181 181
      Medicare trust fund receipts -181 -181 -181
         Subtotal, HHS 163 -526 -474 -422 -633 -857 -2,912 -12,113
Homeland Security:                
   Extend Bureau of Customs and Border Protection’s Fees -820 -1,391 -1,448 -1,507 -1,570 -6,736 -15,691
Interior:                
   ANWR, lease bonuses:                
      State of Alaska’s share:                
         Receipts -1,201 -1 -101 -1 -1,304 -1,359
         Expenditures 1,201 1 101 1 1,304 1,359
      Federal share -1 -1 -101 -1 -104 -159
   Permanent Recreation Fee Authority -19 -3 32 70 80 465
   Correct trust accounting deficiencies in individual Indian money investments 6
   Increase Indian Gaming Commission Fees 1  3 4 5 5 17 42
   Bureau of Land Management Land Sale Authority:                
      Receipts -24 -33 -38 -48 -48 -191 -471
      Expenditures 6 17 25 32 38 118 379
         Subtotal, Interior 6 -18 -33 -13 -80 64 -80 256
                 
Labor:                
   Unemployment Insurance fiscal integrity -11 -23 -35 -37 -39 -145 -371
   Federal Employees’ Compensation Act -7 -15 -15 -22 -28 -87 -290
   Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation -39 -160 -154 -163 -516 -310
   Black Lung Disability Trust Fund debt refinancing (non-paygo):                
      Black Lung Disability Trust Fund 2,764 -517 -512 -506 -507 722 -2,121
      Interest receipts on repayable advances -2,764 517 512 506 507 -722 2,121
         Subtotal, Labor -18 -77 -210 -213 -230 -748 -971
Treasury:                
   Outlay effects of refundable tax credits: 1                 
      Health care tax credit 82 3,760 5,041 6,388 7,133 22,404 65,355
      Child tax credit -145 -147 -149 -150 -591 -1,368
      Earned income tax credit -440 131 130 119 134 74 643
                 
   Contingent offset for refundable portion of the health care tax credit -82 -3,760 -5,041 -6,388 -7,133 -22,404 -65,355
   Move Asset Forfeiture Fund to the Department of Justice:                
      Treasury Asset Forfeiture Fund -251 -251 -251 -251 -251 -1,255 -2,510
      Justice Asset Forfeiture Fund 251 251 251 251 251 1,255 2,510
   Extend the Rum Carryover for Puerto Rico 58 79 21 100 100
         Subtotal, Treasury 58 -361 7 -17 -30 -16 -417 -625
Veterans Affairs:                
   Reverse Allen Case providing compensation for drug                
      and alcohol abuse-related disabilities -51 -162 -235 -259 -304 -321 -1,281 -3,130
   Limit home loan guarantees to one-time use 91
   Eliminate the “45 Day Rule” for Death Pension 1 1 1 1 1 6 13
   Accelerated education benefit payment * * * * * * *
         Subtotal, Veterans Affairs -51 -161 -234 -258 -303 -320 -1,275 -3,026
Army Corps of Engineers:                
   Additional user fees -7 -7 -7 -7 -7 -35 -70
   Program expenditure of fees 6 7 7 7 27 62
         Subtotal, Army Corps of Engineers -7 -1 -8 -8
                 
Federal Communications Commission (FCC):                
   Analog Spectrum Lease Fee -500 -500 -480 -1,480 -2,580
   Extend Spectrum Auction Authority and Authorize Fees -50 1,850 1,700 -3,100 400 -5,525
   Spectrum Relocation Fund 200 400 500 600 1,700 2,500
      Subtotal, FCC 150 1,750 1,700 -2,980 620 -5,605
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation:                
   Merge Bank Insurance Fund and Savings Association                
      Insurance Fund 568 742 -60 -63 1,187 861
Social Security Administration (SSA):                
   Cross-program recovery of SSA overpayments:                
         On-Budget -49 -69 -48 -11 -8 -185 -211
         Off-Budget (non-paygo) -2 -3 -3 -3 -3 -14 -27
   Close Loophole that Allows Some Workers to Avoid Government Pension Offset (non-paygo) -1 -3 -5 -7 -9 -25 -109
   Reduce Improper Payments by Requiring Reporting of Non-Social Security Covered Pension Income (non-paygo) -215 -323 -282 -820 -2,313
   Compensation for 2000–01 Military Wage Credits (non-paygo):                
         On-Budget 759 759 759
         Off-Budget -759 -759 -759
   Supplemental Security Income Pre-Effectuation Reviews and Other Technical Adjustments -3 -26 -58 -99 -142 -328 -1,803
         Extend SSI Eligibility to Refugees and Asylees to eight Years after Entry 64 68 74 206 206
   Mandate Expedited, Electronic Reporting of Death Information by States:                
         On-Budget * * * * * * * *
         Off-Budget (non-paygo) * * * * * * * *
         Subtotal, SSA * 9 -33 -255 -443 -444 -1,166 -4,257
                 
Indirect Impact of Other Proposals (Third Scorecard):                
   Power Marketing Administrations to directly fund Corps of Engineers and Bureau of Reclamation’s hydro operations and maintenance expenses and other proposals 168 163 150 147 160 788 1,585
                 
Total, Mandatory Proposals 187 -1,156 -2,074 584 -862 -5,691 -9,199 -35,424
   Paygo 181 -1,321 -2,231 657 -676 -5,557 -9,128 -34,560
   Non-Paygo 6 165 157 -73 -186 -134 -71 -864
                 
Spending effects of permanent extension of 2001 and 2003 tax cuts, included in baseline:                
      Child tax credit 1  4,265 4,131 4,003 3,936 16,335 47,809
      Earned income tax credit 1  5,676
    Total 4,265 4,131 4,003 3,936 16,335 53,485
                 
Affects both receipts and outlays. Only the outlay effect is shown here.
* $500,000 or less.

Table S–9. Effect of Proposals on Receipts
(In millions of dollars)

  2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Total
2005–2009 2005–2014
             
Make Permanent the Tax Cuts Enacted in 2001 and 2003, assumed in the baseline:                
    Extend certain provisions through 2010:                
      Child tax credit 1  -2,166 -8,930 -9,023 -9,067 -8,325 -37,511 -42,079
      Marriage penalty relief -5,318 -6,634 -3,883 -1,850 -423 -18,108 -18,108
      10 percent individual income tax rate bracket -4,005 -5,981 -6,435 -4,036 -2,956 -23,413 -27,343
         Total, extend certain provisions through 2010 -11,489 -21,545 -19,341 -14,953 -11,704 -79,032 -87,530
                 
    Permanently extend certain provisions:                
      Dividends tax rate structure 498 486 485 642 -17,272 -15,161 -81,280
      Capital gains tax rate structure -5,268 -7,366 -12,634 -49,970
      Expensing for small business 226 -3,336 -5,711 -4,102 -3,205 -16,128 -24,798
      Marginal individual income tax rate reductions -395,269
      Child tax credit 2  -72,786
      Marriage penalty relief 3  -32,426
      Education incentives -11 -16 -22 -24 -37 -110 -6,758
      Repeal of estate and generation-skipping transfer taxes, and modification of gift taxes -1,000 -1,609 -1,732 -1,977 -2,244 -8,562 -180,111
      Modifications of pension plans -1,804
      Other incentives for families and children -3,531
         Total, permanent extensions -287 -4,475 -6,980 -10,729 -30,124 -52,595 -848,733
            Total, extensions of tax cuts enacted in 2001 and 2003, assumed in baseline -11,776 -26,020 -26,321 -25,682 -41,828 -131,627 -936,263
                 
Tax Incentives:                
    Simplify and encourage saving:                
      Expand tax-free savings opportunities 3,949 8,192 5,488 2,798 685 21,112 5,558
      Consolidate employer-based savings accounts -214 -318 -337 -358 -380 -1,607 -11,763
      Establish Individual Development Accounts (IDAs) -134 -286 -326 -300 -255 -1,301 -1,380
         Total simplify and encourage saving 3,601 7,588 4,825 2,140 50 18,204 -7,585
                 
    Invest in health care:                
      Provide refundable tax credit for the purchase of health insurance 4  -24 -1,417 -1,059 -854 -632 -3,986 -4,700
      Provide an above-the-line deduction for high-deductible insurance premiums -173 -1,764 -2,014 -2,292 -2,501 -8,744 -24,775
      Provide an above-the-line deduction for long-term care insurance premiums -68 -489 -805 -1,572 -2,435 -5,369 -21,428
      Provide an additional personal exemption to home caregivers of family members -71 -460 -398 -398 -415 -1,742 -3,759
      Allow the orphan drug tax credit for certain pre-designation expenses -1 -2
      Clarify the Health Coverage Tax Credit 5 
         Total invest in health care -336 -4,130 -4,276 -5,116 -5,983 -19,841 -54,662
                 
    Provide incentives for charitable giving:                
      Provide charitable contribution deduction for nonitemizers -1,248 -1,103 -1,111 -1,144 -1,173 -5,779 -12,036
      Permit tax-free withdrawals from IRAs for charitable contributions -68 -450 -341 -327 -330 -329 -1,777 -3,498
      Expand and increase the enhanced charitable deduction for contributions of food inventory -42 -87 -96 -106 -116 -447 -1,224
      Reform excise tax based on investment income of private foundations -133 -83 -84 -86 -90 -476 -1,009
      Modify tax on unrelated business taxable income of charitable remainder trusts -8 -5 -6 -6 -6 -31 -68
      Modify basis adjustment to stock of S corporations contributing appreciated property -21 -13 -15 -18 -21 -88 -239
      Repeal the $150 million limitation on qualified 501(c)(3) bonds -8 -10 -11 -10 -10 -49 -94
      Repeal certain restrictions on the use of qualified 501(c)(3) bonds for residential rental property -5 -6 -12 -18 -25 -66 -299
         Total provide incentives for charitable giving -68 -1,915 -1,648 -1,662 -1,718 -1,770 -8,713 -18,467
                 
    Strengthen education:                
      Extend, increase, and expand the above-the-line deduction for qualified out-of-pocket classroom expenses -23 -229 -240 -249 -260 -263 -1,241 -2,611
                 
    Encourage telecommuting:                
      Exclude from income the value of employer-provided computers, software, and peripherals -27 -45 -43 -48 -55 -218 -668
                 
    Increase housing opportunities:                
      Provide tax credit for developers of affordable single-family housing -7 -81 -327 -776 -1,352 -2,543 -16,409
                 
    Protect the environment:                
      Extend permanently expensing of brownfields remediation costs -178 -243 -212 -201 -191 -181 -1,028 -1,858
      Exclude 50 percent of gains from the sale of property for conservation purposes -45 -88 -101 -58 -292 -292
         Total protect the environment -178 -288 -300 -302 -249 -181 -1,320 -2,150
                 
    Increase energy production and promote energy conservation:                
      Extend and modify the tax credit for producing electricity from certain sources -401 -337 -305 -278 -139 -1,460 -2,175
      Provide tax credit for residential solar energy systems -12 -11 -17 -23 -10 -73 -73
      Modify treatment of nuclear decommissioning funds -193 -147 -154 -162 -169 -825 -1,767
      Provide tax credit for purchase of certain hybrid and fuel cell vehicles -79 -223 -376 -556 -542 -1,776 -2,211
      Provide tax credit for energy produced from landfill gas -34 -67 -91 -104 -117 -413 -737
      Provide tax credit for combined heat and power property -154 -107 -64 -62 -13 -400 -349
      Extend excise tax exemption (credit) for ethanol 5 
                 
      Permit electric utilities to defer gain from sales of electric transmission property -11 -475 -615 -532 -227 100 -1,749 361
      Modify tax treatment of certain income of electric cooperatives -14 -20 -21 -22 -23 -100 -235
         Total increase energy production and promote energy conservation -11 -1,362 -1,527 -1,560 -1,434 -913 -6,796 -7,186
            Total tax incentives -280 -563 -383 -3,594 -7,461 -10,467 -22,468 -109,738
                 
Simplify the Tax Laws for Families:                
   Establish uniform definition of a qualifying child 6  -38 -34 -29 -20 -9 -130 -142
   Simplify adoption tax benefits -4 -39 -40 -42 -43 -168 -411
   Eliminate household maintenance test for head-of-household filing status -123 -297 -284 -285 -281 -1,270 -2,555
   Reduce computational complexity of refundable child tax credit 7  21
   Simplify EITC eligibility requirements regarding filing status, presence of children, investment income, and work and immigration status 8  64 -36 -35 -32 -33 -72 -272
   Simplify the taxation of dependents -11 -25 -20 -25 -43 -124 -498
   Consolidate rules for lifetime learning credit, Hope credit, and education expense deductions, and simplify other higher education provisions -19 -94 -311 -294 -282 -1,000 -2,558
   Allow annual reporting and payment of combined State and Federal unemployment insurance taxes by employers of household employees -20 -1 -1 -1 -1 -24 -30
   Simplify taxation of capital gains on collectibles, small business stock, and other assets -4 5 11 -1 -17 -6 -35
      Total simplify the tax laws for families -155 -521 -709 -700 -709 -2,794 -6,480
                 
Strengthen the Employer-Based Pension System:                
   Ensure fair treatment of older workers in cash balance conversions and protect defined benefit plans 2,373
   Improve the accuracy of pension liability measures 8,537 12,297 7,340 3,042 -1,586 -5,467 15,626 -15,869
   Total strengthen the employer-based pension system 8,537 12,297 7,340 3,042 -1,586 -5,467 15,626 -13,496
                 
Close Loopholes and Improve Tax Compliance:                
   Combat abusive tax avoidance transactions 46 63 85 113 128 435 1,071
   Limit related party interest deductions -51 93 146 203 265 656 3,116
   Modify qualification rules for tax-exempt property-casualty insurance companies 67 114 116 119 121 537 1,184
   Prevent abusive overvaluations on donations of patents and other intellectual property 432 270 273 277 287 1,539 3,207
   Prevent overvaluations and other abuses in charitable donations of used vehicles 158 102 105 108 112 585 1,197
   Reform the treatment for leasing transactions with tax-indifferent parties 340 1,591 2,712 3,285 3,565 3,766 14,919 33,385
   Ensure foreign subsidiaries of U.S. companies cannot inappropriately avoid U.S. tax on foreign earnings invested in U.S. property through use of the exception for bank deposits 24 21 22 22 23 112 234
   Modify tax rules for individuals who give up U.S. citizenship or green card status 1 23 20 22 24 25 114 272
   Require increased reporting for noncash charitable contributions 49 31 32 33 34 179 367
   Clarify and simplify qualified tuition programs 7 12 13 13 17 62 194
      Total close loopholes and improve tax compliance 341 2,346 3,438 4,099 4,477 4,778 19,138 44,227
                 
Tax Administration, Unemployment Insurance, and Other:                
    Improve tax administration:                
      Implement IRS administrative reforms 52 47 46 47 49 241 505
      Increase continuous levy for certain Federal payments 10 18 19 20 20 87 202
      Permit private collection agencies to engage in specific, limited activities to support IRS collection efforts 47 151 190 153 541 1,531
         Total improve tax administration 62 112 216 257 222 869 2,238
                 
    Strengthen financial integrity of unemployment insurance:                
      Strengthen the financial integrity of the unemployment insurance system by reducing tax avoidance and improper benefit payments 9  -2 108 142 120 368 -216
                 
    Other proposals:                
      Increase Indian gaming activity fees 4 4 5 5 18 43
         Total tax administration, unemployment insurance, and other 62 114 328 404 347 1,255 2,065
                 
Reauthorize Funding for the Highway Trust Fund:                
   Deposit full amount of excise tax imposed on gasohol in the Highway Trust Fund 9  648 666 681 699 2,694 6,443
   Impose additional registration requirements on the transfer of tax-exempt fuel by pipeline, vessel, or barge 9  76 93 96 91 87 443 747
   Repeal installment method for payment of heavy highway vehicle use tax 9  407 30 31 32 31 32 156 341
   Allow tax-exempt financing for private highway projects and rail-truck transfer facilities -20 -49 -77 -94 -97 -337 -619
   Total reauthorize funding for the Highway Trust Fund 407 86 723 717 709 721 2,956 6,912
                 
Expiring Provisions (excludes proposals assumed in the baseline):                
   Minimum tax relief for individuals -86 -9,383 -13,881 -23,264 -23,264
   Research & Experimentation (R&E) tax credit -672 -3,610 -5,187 -6,291 -7,129 -7,775 -29,992 -78,351
   Repeal the disallowance of certain deductions of mutual life insurance companies -85 -51 -48 -45 -43 -272 -471
   Combined work opportunity/welfare-to-work tax credit -12 -187 -268 -162 -86 -46 -749 -768
   DC tax incentives -47 -97 -54 -7 -9 -24 -191 -363
   Authority to issue Qualified Zone Academy Bonds -2 -9 -15 -22 -28 -30 -104 -254
   Deduction for corporate donations of computer technology -180 -46 -226 -226
                 
   Net operating loss offset of 100 percent of alternative minimum taxable income -1,326 -755 -101 203 154 129 -370 82
   IRS user fees 32 44 45 46 47 214 464
   Disclosure of tax return information related to terrorist activity 5 
   Abandoned mine reclamation fees 239 245 252 256 262 1,254 2,550
   Authority to issue Liberty Zone Bonds -8 -27 -45 -62 -79 -221 -616
   Excise tax on coal 9  180
      Total extend other expiring provisions -2,145 -14,043 -19,341 -6,075 -6,903 -7,559 -53,921 -101,037
                 
Promote Trade:                
   Implement free trade agreements with Morocco, Australia, and Central American countries 9  -389 -583 -675 -749 -831 -3,227 -8,305
                 
    Total budget proposals, including proposals assumed in the baseline 6,860 -12,135 -35,233 -29,188 -37,491 -61,015 -175,062 -1,122,115
                 
    Total budget proposals, excluding proposals assumed in the baseline 6,860 -359 -9,213 -2,867 -11,809 -19,187 -43,435 -185,852
                 
Affects both receipts and outlays. Only the receipt effect is shown here. The outlay effect is $4,265 million for 2006, $4,131 million for 2007, $4,003 million for 2008, $3,936 million for 2009, $16,335 million for 2005–2009 and $18,906 million for 2005–2014.
Affects both receipts and outlays. Only the receipt effect is shown here. The outlay effect is $28,903 million for 2005–2014.
Affects both receipts and outlays. Only the receipt effect is shown here. The outlay effect is $5,676 million for 2005–2014.
Affects both receipts and outlays. Only the receipt effect is shown here. The outlay effect is $82 million for 2005, $3,760 million for 2006, $5,041 million for 2007, $6,388 million for 2008, $7,133 million for 2009, $22,404 million for 2005–2009 and $65,355 million for 2005–2014.
Policy proposal with a receipt effect of zero.
Affects both receipts and outlays. Only the receipt effect is shown here. The outlay effect is $36 million for 2006, $36 million for 2007, $36 million for 2008, $37 million for 2009, $145 million for 2005–2009 and $333 million for 2005–2014.
Affects both receipts and outlays. Only the receipt effect is shown here. The outlay effect is -$181 million for 2006, -$183 million for 2007, -$185 million for 2008, -$187 million for 2009, -$736 million for 2005–2009 and -$1,701 million for 2005–2014.
Affects both receipts and outlays. Only the receipt effect is shown here. The outlay effect is -$440 million for 2005, $131 million for 2006, $130 million for 2007, $119 million for 2008, $134 million for 2009, $74 million for 2005–2009 and $643 million for 2005–2014.
Net of income offsets.
* $500,000 or less.

Table S–10. Receipts by Source—Summary
(In billions of dollars)

Source 2003
Actual
Estimate
2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
               
Individual income taxes 793.7 765.4 873.8 956.5 1,049.3 1,133.4 1,209.9
Corporation income taxes 131.8 168.7 230.2 250.0 251.0 252.1 255.7
Social insurance and retirement              
   receipts 713.0 732.4 793.9 834.0 878.7 918.8 960.2
      (On-budget) (189.1) (198.4) (218.8) (230.9) (242.4) (251.2) (261.2)
      (Off-budget) (523.8) (534.0) (575.1) (603.1) (636.3) (667.6) (698.9)
Excise taxes 67.5 70.8 73.2 75.8 77.9 80.0 82.2
Estate and gift taxes 22.0 23.9 21.4 23.9 21.5 22.2 23.6
Customs duties 19.9 22.6 22.1 24.4 26.2 27.6 30.0
Miscellaneous receipts 34.5 34.3 36.5 41.2 46.2 51.2 54.8
Adjustment for revenue uncertainty 1  -20.0 -15.0
               
Total, receipts 1,782.3 1,798.1 2,036.3 2,205.7 2,350.8 2,485.3 2,616.4
      (On-budget) (1,258.5) (1,264.1) (1,461.2) (1,602.5) (1,714.5) (1,817.7) (1,917.5)
      (Off-budget) (523.8) (534.0) (575.1) (603.1) (636.3) (667.6) (698.9)
               
These amounts reflect an additional adjustment to receipts beyond what the economic and tax models forecast and have been made in the interest of cautious and prudent forecasting.

Table S–11. Comparison of Economic Assumptions
(Calendar years)

  Projections   Average
  2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009   2004–2009
                 
GDP (billions of current dollars):                
   CBO January 11,629 12,243 12,814 13,389 14,023 14,686    
   Blue Chip Consensus January 1  11,660 12,291 12,929 13,588 14,292 15,045    
   2005 Budget 11,612 12,187 12,796 13,449 14,151 14,890    
Real GDP (chain-weighted):  2                 
   CBO January 4.8 4.2 3.1 2.7 2.8 2.8   3.4
   Blue Chip Consensus January 1  4.6 3.7 3.3 3.1 3.2 3.2   3.5
   2005 Budget 4.4 3.6 3.4 3.3 3.2 3.1   3.5
Chain-weighted GDP Price Index:  2                 
   CBO January 1.1 1.1 1.5 1.8 1.9 1.9   1.5
   Blue Chip Consensus January 1  1.4 1.6 1.8 1.9 2.0 2.0   1.8
   2005 Budget 1.2 1.3 1.5 1.7 2.0 2.0   1.6
Consumer Price Index (all-urban):  2                 
   CBO January 1.6 1.7 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.2   2.0
   Blue Chip Consensus January 1  1.7 2.1 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.4   2.2
   2005 Budget 1.4 1.5 1.8 2.1 2.4 2.5   2.0
Unemployment rate:  3                 
   CBO January 5.8 5.3 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.2   5.3
   Blue Chip Consensus January 1  5.8 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2   5.4
   2005 Budget 5.6 5.4 5.2 5.1 5.1 5.1   5.3
Interest rates:  3                 
    91–day Treasury bills:                
      CBO January 1.3 3.0 4.0 4.6 4.6 4.6   3.7
      Blue Chip Consensus January 1  1.3 2.6 3.7 3.9 4.1 4.1   3.3
      2005 Budget 1.3 2.4 3.3 4.0 4.3 4.4   3.3
    10–year Treasury notes:                
      CBO January 4.6 5.4 5.5 5.5 5.5 5.5   5.3
      Blue Chip Consensus January 1  4.7 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.6 5.6   5.4
      2005 Budget 4.6 5.0 5.4 5.6 5.8 5.8   5.4
                 
January 2004 Blue Chip Consensus forecast for 2004 and 2005; Blue Chip October 2003 long run extension for 2006–2009.
Year-over-year percent change.
Annual averages, percent.
Sources: Congressional Budget Office; Aspen Publishers, Inc., Blue Chip Economic Indicators.
All forecasts reflect December 2003 comprehensive revisions to the National Income and Product Accounts.

Table S–12. Budget Summary by Category
(In billions of dollars)

  2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Total
  2005–2009
                 
Outlays:                
   Discretionary:                
      Defense (DOD) 388 433 429 415 426 447 467 2,183
      Nondefense 438 475 485 478 479 476 476 2,393
         Total, Discretionary 826 908 914 892 904 923 942 4,576
   Mandatory:                
      Social Security 470 492 510 529 552 576 608 2,775
      Medicare 246 266 290 336 372 393 418 1,809
      Medicaid and SCHIP 165 183 188 198 213 232 251 1,081
      Other 298 314 320 305 305 325 335 1,590
         Total, Mandatory 1,179 1,254 1,308 1,368 1,441 1,527 1,612 7,256
   Net interest 153 156 178 213 246 275 299 1,211
Total Outlays 2,158 2,319 2,400 2,473 2,592 2,724 2,853 13,043
Receipts 1,782 1,798 2,036 2,206 2,351 2,485 2,616 11,694
   Deficit 1  -375 -521 -364 -268 -241 -239 -237 -1,349
                 
On-budget deficit -536 -675 -543 -470 -466 -487 -501 -2,466
Off-budget surplus 161 154 179 202 225 248 263 1,117
                 
The Budget incorporates the HHS actuaries' estimates for the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003. Because CBO's 10–year cost estimates of this bill were significantly below the HHS actuaries' estimates and because of the uncertainties involved in these estimates, Table S-13 also includes deficit calculations that reflect the lower CBO estimates.

Table S–13. Outlay Impact of Prescription Drug and Medicare Improvement Act of 2003 (P.L. 108–173)
(Dollar amounts in billions)

  2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Total
  2004–2008 2004–2013
                 
Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)                
   Actuaries’ Estimate 1  8 13 43 56 58 60 178 534
                 
CBO Estimate 1  4 6 28 40 44 47 122 395
                 
President’s Budget Deficit Estimates -521 -364 -268 -241 -239 -237 -1,632  
   As a percent of GDP -4.5% -3.0% -2.1% -1.8% -1.7% -1.6%    
                 
Administration’s Deficit Adjusted for CBO Estimate 2  -516 -357 -251 -224 -223 -220 -1,571  
   As a percent of GDP -4.5% -3.0% -2.0% -1.7% -1.6% -1.5%    
                 
Note: See the HHS chapter in this volume for further information.
Excludes revenue effects, debt service, and intrabudgetary transactions.
Includes debt service.

    Explanation of Difference in Estimates:

    The largest portion of the difference in these cost estimates is attributable to assumptions regarding beneficiary participation, market behavior, and cost growth rates. Even small differences in these assumptions can dramatically change the overall cost estimates. For example, CBO and the Medicare actuaries both assume comparable savings from private-plan management of the drug benefit. CBO, however, assumes that these savings will be realized earlier; the Medicare actuaries assume that it will take longer for plans to achieve maximum savings.


Table S–14. Current Services Baseline Summary by Category
(In billions of dollars)

  2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Total
  2005–2009
                 
Outlays:                
   Discretionary:                
      Defense (DOD) 388 433 420 398 402 413 423 2,056
      Nondefense 438 475 490 487 495 501 510 2,481
         Total, Discretionary 826 908 910 885 896 914 933 4,537
   Mandatory:                
      Social Security 470 492 510 529 552 577 608 2,776
      Medicare 246 266 290 336 372 393 418 1,809
      Medicaid and SCHIP 165 182 188 198 214 233 252 1,086
      Other 298 314 320 306 303 325 339 1,593
         Total, Mandatory 1,179 1,254 1,309 1,370 1,441 1,528 1,618 7,265
   Net interest 153 156 178 213 245 273 296 1,206
Total Outlays 2,158 2,319 2,397 2,468 2,583 2,715 2,847 13,008
Receipts 1,782 1,791 2,037 2,215 2,354 2,497 2,636 11,738
   Surplus/deficit 1  -375 -527 -360 -253 -229 -218 -211 -1,270
                 
On-budget deficit -536 -682 -539 -455 -453 -465 -474 -2,385
Off-budget surplus 161 154 179 202 224 247 263 1,115
                 
The Budget incorporates the HHS actuaries' estimates for the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003. Because CBO's 10–year cost estimates of this bill were significantly below the HHS actuaries' estimates and because of the uncertainties involved in these estimates, Table S-13 also includes deficit calculations that reflect the lower CBO estimates.

Table S–15. Impact of Budget Policy
(Dollar amounts in billions)

  2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Total
  2005–2009
               
Current Services Baseline Deficit -527 -360 -253 -229 -218 -211 -1,270
               
Proposals:              
   Discretionary policy:              
      Department of Defense -9 -17 -26 -36 -49 -137
      Homeland security -1 -2 -4 -5 -6 -18
      Other spending * 6 12 21 31 43 113
   Subtotal, discretionary * -4 -8 -9 -10 -12 -43
               
   Revenue proposals 1  7 * -13 -8 -19 -29 -69
               
   Mandatory proposals -* 1 6 5 8 14 33
               
2005 Budget Deficit 2  -521 -364 -268 -241 -239 -237 -1,349
               
   Percent of GDP 4.5% 3.0% 2.1% 1.8% 1.7% 1.6%  
               
Includes outlay impact of revenue proposals.
The Budget incorporates the HHS actuaries' estimates for the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003. Because CBO's 10–year cost estimates of this bill were significantly below the HHS actuaries' estimates and because of the uncertainties involved in these estimates, Table S-13 also includes deficit calculations that reflect the lower CBO estimates.
* $500 million or less.
Note: Each line includes debt service.

Table S–16. Baseline Adjustments
(In billions of dollars)

  2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Total
2005–2009 2005–2014
                 
Budget Enforcement Act Baseline Deficits -527 -393 -305 -292 -288 -271 -1,549  
                 
Extend certain tax provisions:                
   Permanently extend individual income tax rate cuts -395
   Permanently extend estate and gift tax changes -1 -2 -2 -2 -2 -9 -180
   Extend other provisions of the 2001 and 2003 tax acts 1  -11 -29 -29 -28 -44 -139 -414
      Subtotal, tax extenders -12 -30 -30 -30 -46 -148 -990
                 
Assume emergencies are one-time only 43 79 86 89 92 388  
                 
Adjust pay factor to more accurately reflect changes in pay costs 2 2 2 2 3 11  
                 
Debt service related to all changes * 2 5 8 12 27  
                 
Current Services Baseline Deficit -527 -360 -253 -229 -218 -211 -1,270  
                 
Table S–9 provides a detailed list of expiring tax provisions assumed in the baseline.
* $500 million or less.

Table S–17. Federal Government Financing and Debt
(Dollar amounts in billions)

Function 2003 Actual Estimate
2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
               
Financing:              
   Unified budget deficit (-) -375 -521 -364 -268 -241 -239 -237
               
   Financing other than the change in debt held by the public:              
      Net purchases (-) of non-Federal securities by the National Railroad Retirement Investment Trust -20 -1 * * * * *
      Changes in: 1               
         Treasury operating cash balance 26 -*
         Compensating balances 2  -5 22
         Checks outstanding, etc. 3  8
      Seigniorage on coins 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
      Less: Net financing disbursements:              
         Direct loan financing accounts -6 -12 -11 -19 -20 -20 -21
         Guaranteed loan financing accounts -1 3 3 3 1 2 2
               
            Total, financing other than the change in debt held by the public 2 14 -8 -15 -18 -17 -18
               Total, requirement to borrow from the public -373 -507 -371 -282 -259 -256 -255
               
   Change in debt held by the public 373 507 371 282 259 256 255
               
Change in Debt Subject to Statutory Limitation:              
   Change in debt held by the public 373 507 371 282 259 256 255
   Change in debt held by Government accounts 188 219 275 311 333 357 378
   Change in other factors 15 * 1 * 1 1 1
      Total, change in debt subject to statutory limitation 576 727 647 594 592 614 634
               
Debt Subject to Statutory Limitation, End of Year:              
   Debt issued by Treasury 6,733 7,459 8,106 8,700 9,292 9,906 10,540
   Adjustment for discount, premium and coverage 4  5 5 5 5 5 5 5
         Total, debt subject to statutory limitation 5  6,738 7,464 8,111 8,705 9,297 9,911 10,545
               
Debt Outstanding, End of Year:              
   Gross Federal debt: 6               
      Debt issued by Treasury 6,733 7,459 8,106 8,700 9,292 9,906 10,540
      Debt issued by other agencies 27 27 26 26 26 25 24
         Total, gross Federal debt 6,760 7,486 8,133 8,726 9,318 9,931 10,564
   Held by:              
      Debt held by Government accounts 2,846 3,066 3,341 3,652 3,985 4,342 4,720
      Debt held by the public 7  3,914 4,421 4,792 5,074 5,333 5,589 5,844
         As a percent of GDP 36.1% 38.6% 39.8% 40.1% 40.2% 40.0% 39.8%
               
A decrease in the Treasury operating cash balance or compensating balances (which are assets) would be a means of financing a deficit and therefore has a positive sign. An increase in checks outstanding (which is a liability) would also be a means of financing a deficit and therefore also has a positive sign.
Compensating balances are non-interest bearing Treasury bank deposits that Treasury mainly uses to compensate banks for collecting tax and non-tax receipts under financial agency agreements. Most of the balances at the end of 2003 were required to be invested in nonmarketable Depositary Compensation Securities issued by the Treasury; the rest of the balances, and the entire amount in previous years, was invested in the way that the banks decide.
Besides checks outstanding, includes accrued interest payable on Treasury debt, miscellaneous liability accounts, allocations of special drawing rights; and, as an offset, cash and monetary assets (other than the Treasury operating cash balance and compensating balances), miscellaneous asset accounts, and profit on sale of gold.
Consists mainly of unamortized discount (less premium) on public issues of Treasury notes and bonds (other than zero-coupon bonds) and unrealized discount on Government account series securities.
The statutory debt limit is $7,384 billion.
Treasury securities held by the public and zero-coupon bonds held by Government accounts are almost all measured at sales price plus amortized discount or less amortized premium. Agency debt securities are almost all measured at face value. Treasury securities in the Government account series are measured at face value less unrealized discount (if any).
At the end of 2003, the Federal Reserve Banks held $656.1 billion of Federal securities and the rest of the public held $3,257.5 billion. Debt held by the Federal Reserve Banks is not estimated for future years.
* $500 million or less.