--S.2532--

S.2532

One Hundred Second Congress of the United States of America

AT THE SECOND SESSION

Begun and held at the City of Washington on Friday, the third day of January,

one thousand nine hundred and ninety-two

An Act

To support freedom and open markets in the independent states of the former

Soviet Union, and for other purposes.

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLES.

SEC. 2. TABLE OF CONTENTS.

TITLE I--GENERAL PROVISIONS

TITLE II--BILATERAL ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE ACTIVITIES

TITLE III--BUSINESS AND COMMERCIAL DEVELOPMENT

TITLE IV--THE DEMOCRACY CORPS.

TITLE V--NONPROLIFERATION AND DISARMAMENT PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES

TITLE VI--SPACE TRADE AND COOPERATION

TITLE VII--AGRICULTURAL TRADE

TITLE VIII--UNITED STATES INFORMATION AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF STATE, AND RELATED AGENCIES AND ACTIVITIES

TITLE IX--OTHER PROVISIONS

TITLE X--INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS

SEC. 3. DEFINITION OF INDEPENDENT STATES.

TITLE I--GENERAL PROVISIONS

SEC. 101. FINDINGS.

SEC. 102. PROGRAM COORDINATION, IMPLEMENTATION, AND OVERSIGHT.

SEC. 103. REPORT ON OVERALL ASSISTANCE AND ECONOMIC COOPERATION STRATEGY.

SEC. 104. ANNUAL REPORT.

TITLE II--BILATERAL ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE ACTIVITIES

SEC. 201. SUPPORT FOR ECONOMIC AND DEMOCRATIC DEVELOPMENT IN THE INDEPENDENT STATES.

`CHAPTER 11--SUPPORT FOR THE ECONOMIC AND DEMOCRATIC DEVELOPMENT OF THE INDEPENDENT STATES OF THE FORMER SOVIET UNION

`SEC. 498. ASSISTANCE FOR THE INDEPENDENT STATES.

`SEC. 498A. CRITERIA FOR ASSISTANCE TO GOVERNMENTS OF THE INDEPENDENT STATES.

`SEC. 498B. AUTHORITIES RELATING TO ASSISTANCE AND OTHER PROVISIONS.

`SEC. 498C. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

SEC. 202. INELIGIBILITY FOR ASSISTANCE OF INSTITUTIONS WITHHOLDING CERTAIN DOCUMENTS OF UNITED STATES NATIONALS.

TITLE III--BUSINESS AND COMMERCIAL DEVELOPMENT

SEC. 301. AMERICAN BUSINESS CENTERS.

SEC. 302. BUSINESS AND AGRICULTURE ADVISORY COUNCIL.

SEC. 303. FUNDING FOR EXPORT PROMOTION ACTIVITIES AND CAPITAL PROJECTS.

SEC. 304. INTERAGENCY WORKING GROUP ON ENERGY OF THE TRADE PROMOTION COORDINATING COMMITTEE.

SEC. 305. REPORTS TO CONGRESS.

SEC. 306. POLICY ON COMBATTING TIED AID PRACTICES.

SEC. 307. TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE FOR THE RUSSIAN FAR EAST.

SEC. 308. FUNDING FOR OPIC PROGRAMS.

TITLE IV--THE DEMOCRACY CORPS

SEC. 401. AUTHORIZATION FOR ESTABLISHMENT OF THE DEMOCRACY CORPS.

TITLE V--NONPROLIFERATION AND DISARMAMENT PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES

SEC. 501. FINDINGS.

SEC. 502. ELIGIBILITY.

SEC. 503. NONPROLIFERATION AND DISARMAMENT ACTIVITIES IN THE INDEPENDENT STATES.

SEC. 504. NONPROLIFERATION AND DISARMAMENT FUND.

SEC. 505. LIMITATIONS ON DEFENSE CONVERSION AUTHORITIES.

SEC. 506. SOVIET WEAPONS DESTRUCTION.

SEC. 507. WAIVER OF CERTAIN PROVISIONS.

SEC. 508. NOTICE AND REPORTS TO CONGRESS.

SEC. 509. INTERNATIONAL NONPROLIFERATION INITIATIVE.

SEC. 510. REPORT ON SPECIAL NUCLEAR MATERIALS.

SEC. 511. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION.

TITLE VI--SPACE TRADE AND COOPERATION

SEC. 601. FACILITATING DISCUSSIONS REGARDING THE ACQUISITION OF SPACE HARDWARE, TECHNOLOGY, AND SERVICES FROM THE FORMER SOVIET UNION.

SEC. 602. OFFICE OF SPACE COMMERCE.

SEC. 603. REPORT TO CONGRESS.

SEC. 604. DEFINITIONS.

TITLE VII--AGRICULTURAL TRADE

SEC. 701. FOOD FOR PROGRESS ACT.

SEC. 702. DEFINITIONS FOR AGRICULTURAL TRADE ACT OF 1978.

SEC. 703. ASSISTANCE FOR PRIVATE VOLUNTARY ORGANIZATIONS.

SEC. 704. DISTRIBUTION OF AID TO THE INDEPENDENT STATES OF THE FORMER SOVIET UNION.

SEC. 705. AGRICULTURAL FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM FOR MIDDLE INCOME COUNTRIES AND EMERGING DEMOCRACIES.

SEC. 706. PROMOTION OF AGRICULTURAL EXPORTS TO EMERGING DEMOCRACIES.

SEC. 707. DIRECT CREDIT SALES.

SEC. 708. EXPORT CREDIT GUARANTEES.

SEC. 709. EXPORT PROMOTION PROGRAMS AMENDMENTS.

TITLE VIII--UNITED STATES INFORMATION AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF STATE, AND RELATED AGENCIES AND ACTIVITIES

SEC. 801. DESIGNATION OF EDMUND S. MUSKIE FELLOWSHIP PROGRAM.

SEC. 802. NEW DIPLOMATIC POSTS IN THE INDEPENDENT STATES.

SEC. 803. OCCUPANCY OF NEW CHANCERY BUILDINGS.

SEC. 804. CERTAIN POSITIONS AT UNITED STATES MISSIONS.

SEC. 805. INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT LAW INSTITUTE.

SEC. 806. CERTAIN BOARD FOR INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTING CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITIES.

SEC. 807. EXCHANGES AND TRAINING AND SIMILAR PROGRAMS.

TITLE IX--OTHER PROVISIONS

SEC. 901. FOREIGN ASSISTANCE ACT LIST OF COMMUNIST COUNTRIES.

SEC. 902. JOHNSON ACT.

SEC. 903. SUPPORT FOR EAST EUROPEAN DEMOCRACY (SEED) ACT.

`SEC. 3. SCOPE OF AUTHORITY.

SEC. 904. PEACE CORPS VOLUNTEER TRAINING REQUIREMENTS.

SEC. 905. ESTABLISHING CATEGORIES OF ALIENS FOR PURPOSES OF REFUGEE DETERMINATIONS; ADJUSTMENT OF STATUS FOR CERTAIN SOVIET AND INDOCHINESE PAROLEES.

SEC. 906. ELIGIBILITY OF BALTIC STATES FOR NONLETHAL DEFENSE ARTICLES.

SEC. 907. RESTRICTION ON ASSISTANCE TO AZERBAIJAN.

TITLE X--INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS

SEC. 1001. INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND QUOTA INCREASE.

`SEC. 56. QUOTA INCREASE.

`SEC. 57. ACCEPTANCE OF AMENDMENTS TO THE ARTICLES OF AGREEMENT OF THE FUND.

`SEC. 58. APPROVAL OF FUND PLEDGE TO SELL GOLD TO PROVIDE RESOURCES FOR THE RESERVE ACCOUNT OF THE ENHANCED STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT FACILITY TRUST.

SEC. 1002. INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND POLICY CHANGES.

`SEC. 59. FUND POLICY CHANGES.

SEC. 1003. REDUCTION OF MILITARY SPENDING AND PROMOTION OF LONG-TERM SUSTAINABLE ECONOMIC GROWTH BY DEVELOPING NATIONS.

`SEC. 60. MEASURES TO REDUCE MILITARY SPENDING BY DEVELOPING NATIONS.

SEC. 1004. SUPPORT FOR MACROECONOMIC STABILIZATION IN THE INDEPENDENT STATES OF THE FORMER SOVIET UNION.

SEC. 1005. ROLE OF THE INTERNATIONAL FINANCE CORPORATION IN SUPPORTING ECONOMIC RESTRUCTURING IN THE INDEPENDENT STATES OF THE FORMER SOVIET UNION.

`SEC. 15. AUTHORITY TO VOTE FOR CAPITAL INCREASES NECESSARY TO SUPPORT ECONOMIC RESTRUCTURING IN THE INDEPENDENT STATES OF THE FORMER SOVIET UNION.

SEC. 1006. AUTHORITY TO AGREE TO AMENDMENTS TO THE ARTICLES OF AGREEMENT OF THE INTERNATIONAL FINANCE CORPORATION.

`SEC. 16. AUTHORITY TO AGREE TO AMENDMENTS TO THE ARTICLES OF AGREEMENT.

SEC. 1007. REPORT ON DEBT OF THE FORMER SOVIET UNION HELD BY COMMERCIAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS.

SEC. 1008. HUMAN RIGHTS.

SEC. 1009. MULTILATERAL INVESTMENT GUARANTEES FOR THE INDEPENDENT STATES OF THE FORMER SOVIET UNION.

Speaker of the House of Representatives.

Vice President of the United States and

President of the Senate.

END