Federation of American Scientists Case Studies in Dual Use Biological Research Module 5.0: Antibiotic Resistance Case Study
Topic: References

References for Experiments in Antibiotic Resistance
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The Center for Disease Control and Prevention, “Interim CDC-NIH Recommendation for Raising the Biosafety Level for Laboratory Work Involving Noncontemporary Human Influenza Viruses,” (2005); available at http://www.cdc.gov/flu/h2n2bsl3.htm, accessed 5/16/2008.
 
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Carl Zimmer, “Old Viruses Resurrected Through DNA,” The New York Times, November 7, 2006.
(21)
“How to Resurrect an Extinct Retrovirus,” Scientific American, November 2, 2006.
(22)
Helen Pearson, “Ancient Human Virus Resurrected,” Nature News, October 31, 2006.
(23)
Martin Enserink, “Viral Fossil Brought Back to Life.” ScienceNow, November 1, 2006.
(24)
Dewannieux, M, Harper, H, Richaud, A, Letzelter, C, Ribet, D, Pierron, G, Heidmann, T. “Identification of an Infectious Progenitor for the Multiple-Copy HERV-K Human Endogenous Retroelements.” Genome Research (2006) 16: 1548-56.
 
References for Discussion
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Peter Aldhous, “Friend or Foe?” The New Scientist, October 14, 2006.
(26)
Jan van Aken, “Risks of Resurrecting 1918 Flu Virus Outweigh Benefits.” Nature (2006) 439, 266.
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Ray Kurzweil and Bill Joy, “Recipe for Destruction.” The New York Times, October 17, 2005.
(28)
Gina Kolata, “Experts Unlock Clues to Spread of 1918 Flu Virus.” The New York Times, October 6, 2005.
(29)
Jamie Shreeve, “Why Revive a Deadly Virus?” The New York Times, January 29, 2006.
(30)
Andreas von Bubnoff, “Deadly Flu Virus can be Sent Through Mail.” Nature (2005) 438, 134-5.
(31)
Press Release: Reconstructed 1918 Influenza Virus Induces Immune response that Fails to Protect. Mount Sinai School of Medicine, September 27, 2006. Available http://www.mountsinai.org/Who%20We%20Are/Newsroom/Press%20Releases?citype=News&ciid=09272006, accessed 5/16/2008.
 
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Letters, Edited by Etta Kavanagh, “Vaccine Against Spanish Flu.” Science (2006) 311: 1552.
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Tumpey, TM, Maines, TR, Van Hoeven, N, Glaser, L, Solorzano, A, Pappas, C, Cox, NJ, Swayne, DE, Palese, P, Katz, JM, Garcia-Sastre, A. “A Two-Amino Acid Change in the Hemagglutinin of the 1918 Influenza Virus Abolishes Transmission.” Science (2007) 315: 655-59.
 
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Glaser, L, Stevens, J, Zamarin, D, Wilson, IA, Garcia-Sastre, A, Tumpey, TM, Basler, CF, Taubenberger, JK, Palese, P. “A Single Amino Acid Substitution in 1918 Influenza Virus Hemagglutinin Changes Receptor Binding Specificity.” Journal of Virology (2005) 79: 11533-6.
 
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Press Release: Researchers reconstruct 1918 pandemic influenza virus; effort designed to advance preparedness, Anthony S. Fauci and Julie L. Gerberding. Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Oct 5, 2005. Available at http://www.cdc.gov/od/oc/media/pressrel/r051005.htm, accessed 5/16/2008.
 
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Statement: Unmasking the 1918 Influenza Virus: An Important Step Toward Pandemic Influenza Preparedness, Anthony S. Fauci and Julie L. Gerberding. National Institute of Allergy and Infections Disease, National Institutes of Health. Oct 5, 2005. Available at http://www3.niaid.nih.gov/news/newsreleases/2005/0510state.htm, accessed 5/16/2008.
 
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Kash, JC, Tumpey, TM, Proll, SC, Carter, V, Perwitasari, O, Thomas, MJ, Basler, CF, Palese, P, Taubenberger, JK, Garcia-Sastre, A, Swayne, DE, Katze, MG. “Genomic analysis of increased host immune and cell death responses induced by 1918 influenza virus.” Nature. (2006) 443: 578-81.
 
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Kerri Smith, “Concern as Revived 1918 Flu Virus Kills Monkeys.” Nature (2007) 445: 237.

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