FACT SHEET: SIGNATORIES AND RATIFIERS OF CWC

(The following fact sheet on countries that have signed and ratified the Chemical Weapons Convention was issued by the White House on April 4.)

Signatories and Ratifiers

The Chemical Weapons Convention will ban the development, production,
acquisition, stockpiling, retention and direct or indirect transfer of
Chemical Weapons. It also prohibits the use or preparation for use of
CW and the assistance, encouragement or inducement of anyone else to
engage in activities prohibited by the CWC.

Key allies have deposited instruments of ratification, including most
NATO members. Within a month of the Sarin gas attack in the Tokyo
subway, Japan's Diet ratified the CWC.

Signed by 130 countries in Paris on January 12, 1993, the CWC will
enter into force on April 29, 1997, 180 days after the 65th
ratification. As of March 3, 161 countries have signed the CWC, of
which 70 have ratified it. See attached list of countries.

Chemical Weapons Convention Signatories/Ratifiers
As of March 3, 1997
Total: Signatories - 161; Ratifiers - 70

Afghanistan
Albania (Ratified 5/11/94)
Algeria (Ratified 8/14/95)
Argentina (Ratified 10/02/95)
Armenia (Ratified 1/27/95)
Australia (Ratified 5/6/94)
Austria (Ratified 8/17/95)
Azerbaijan
Bahamas (Signed 3/2/94)
Bahrain (Signed 2/24/93)
Bangladesh
Belarus (Ratified 7/11/96)
Belgium (Ratified 1/27/97)
Benin
Bolivia
Bosnia-Herzegovina (Ratified 2/25/97)
Brazil (Ratified 3/13/96)
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria (Ratified 8/10/94)
Burkina Faso
Burma (Myanmar)
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon (Ratified 9/16/96)
Canada (Ratified 9/26/95)
Cape Verde
Central African Rep.
Chad (Signed 10/11/94)
Chile (Ratified 7/12/96)
China
Colombia
Comoros
Congo
Cook Islands (Ratified 7/15/94)
Costa Rica (Ratified 5/31/96)
Cote d'Ivoire (Ratified 12/18/95)
Croatia (Ratified 5/23/95)
Cuba
Cyprus
Czech Republic (Ratified 3/6/96)
Denmark (Ratified 7/12/95)
Dijibouti (Signed 9/28/93)
Dominica (Signed 8/2/93)
Dominican Republic
Ecuador (Ratified 9/6/95)
El Salvador (Ratified 10/30/95)
Equatorial Guinea
Estonia
Ethiopia (Ratified 5/13/96)
Fiji (Ratified 1/20/93)
Finland (Ratified 2/7/95)
France (Ratified 3/2/95)
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia (Ratified 11/27/95)
Germany (Ratified 8/12/94)
Ghana
Greece (Ratified 12/22/94)
Guatemala
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana (Signed 10/6/93)
Haiti
Holy See
Honduras
Hungary (Ratified 10/31/96)
Iceland
India (Ratified 9/3/96)
Indonesia
Iran
Ireland (Ratified 6/24/96)
Israel
Italy (Ratified 12/8/95)
Japan (Ratified 9/15/95)
Kazakstan
Kenya
Korea (Rep of)
Kuwait (Signed 1/27/93)
Kyrgyzstan (Signed 2/22/93)
Laos (P.D.R.) (Ratified 2/25/97)
Latvia (Ratified 7/23/96)
Lesotho (Signed and Ratified 12/7/94)
Liberia
Liechtenstein (Signed 7/21/93)
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia
Maldives (Ratified 5/31/94)
Mali
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius (Ratified 2/9/93)
Mexico (Ratified 8/29/94)
Micronesia
Moldova (Rep of) (Ratified 7/8/96)
Monaco (Ratified 6/1/95)
Mongolia (Ratified 1/17/95)
Morocco (Ratified 12/28/95)
Namibia (Ratified 11/27/95)
Nauru (Rep of)
Nepal (Signed 1/21/93)
Netherlands (Ratified 6/30/95)
New Zealand (Ratified 7/15/96)
Nicaragua (Signed 3/9/93)
Niger
Nigeria
Norway (Ratified 4/7/94)
Oman (Ratified 2/8/95)
Pakistan
Panama (Signed 6/16/93)
Papua New Guinea (Ratified 4/17/96)
Paraguay (Ratified 12/1/94)
Peru (Ratified 7/20/95)
Philippines (Ratified 12/11/96)
Poland (Ratified 2/15/95)
Portugal (Ratified 9/10/96)
Qatar (Signed 2/1/93)
Romania (Ratified 2/15/95)
Russian Federation
Rwanda (Signed 5/17/93)
Samoa
San Marino
Saudi Arabia (Ratified 8/9/96)
Senegal
Seychelles (Ratified 4/7/93)
Sierra Leone
Singapore
Slovak Republic (Ratified 10/27/95)
Slovenia
South Africa (Ratified 9/13/95)
Spain (Ratified 8/3/94)
Sri Lanka (Ratified 8/19/94)
St. Kitts & Nevis (Signed 3/16/94)
St. Lucia (Signed 3/29/93)
St. Vincent and The Grenadines (Signed 9/20/93)
Swaziland (Ratified 11/20/96)
Sweden (Ratified 6/17/93)
Switzerland (Ratified 3/10/95)
Tajikistan (Ratified 1/11/95)
Tanzania (Signed 2/25/94)
Thailand
Togo
Tunisia
Turkey
Turkmenistan (Ratified 9/29/94)
Uganda
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates (Signed 2/2/93)
United Kingdom (Ratified 5/13/96)
United States
Uruguay (Ratified 10/6/94)
Uzbekistan (Ratified 7/23/96)
Venezuela
Vietnam
Yemen (Signed 2/8/93)
Zaire
Zambia
Zimbabwe