USAIC&FH's ongoing support to IO includes the rewriting of FM 34-40
and renaming it Intelligence and Electronic Warfare Support to C2W.
We are tentatively hosting an IO/C2W planning mobile training team
from the Joint C2W Center, and participating in September 1996
general officer symposium on the Department of the Army IO
Action/Campaign Plan. Intelligence must help build the framework
enabling the commander to use all available information, protect
information capabilities, and manage information, as well as to
exploit and deny the adversary's ability to do the same.
CPT Peasley is the Special Operations Liaison to Fort
Huachuca, currently in the Directorate of Combat Developments. His
most recent assignment was with the 1-10th Special Forces Group
(Airborne). Readers can contact him at (520) 538-7212, DSN 879-7212
or peasleym@ huachuca-dcd.army.mil.
Opposing Force Field Manual Update
by Major Erin J. Gallogly-Staver
In April 1996, the Training and Doctrine Command
(TRADOC) disseminated FM 100-63, Infantry-Based Opposing Force:
Organization Guide, which replaced the TRADOC Pamphlet 350-13,
Light Opposing Force: Organization Guide. FM 100-63 is the first of
the seven field manuals (FMs) in the FM 100-60 series to be
published. The series documents a capabilities-based opposing force
(OPFOR) in the seven volumes listed in Figure 1.
These manuals describe realistic flexible forces representing a
composite of actual worldwide forces with varying capabilities.
They constitute a baseline for training or developing U.S. forces,
in lieu of a specific threat force, and may be used in all training
venues. The capabilities-based OPFOR concept represents a break
from past practices in several principal respects.
The FMs in this series are in various states of production and
publication. Figure 1 depicts the current publication schedule.
Local reproduction of the TRADOC pamphlets is authorized; the
Threat Support Directorate (TSD), Office of the Deputy Chief of
Staff for Intelligence (ODCSINT), TRADOC, has limited quantities of
pamphlets 350-14, -15, -16, and -17. Staff Sergeant Stier at (913)
684-7921 or DSN 552-7921 is the point of contact for the TRADOC
pamphlets. To order the FMs, refer to the Spring 1995 edition of
the U.S. Army Publications and Printing Command's Publications
Bulletin; for additional information contact the Logistics
Management Division, (703) 325-6232 or DSN 221-6232.
- The armor- and mechanized- and infantry-based OPFOR
manuals are not just unclassified handbooks on the armed forces of
particular nations. Each manual has its basis in the doctrine and
organization of various foreign armies. These new OPFOR manuals are
composites deliberately constructed to provide a wide range of
- The manuals do not provide a fixed order of battle.
Rather, they provide the building blocks from which users can
derive a nearly infinite number of potential orders of battle,
depending on their training requirements.
- The FM which describes the OPFOR in stability and support
operations represents many diverse threats; these OPFOR cover the
entire technological spectrum and include forces of all sizes from
a battalion-sized insurgent force to a small, direct-action
- Keeping with the capabilities-based concept, the OPFOR
equipment FM will provide users with baseline systems and potential
Major Gallogly-Staver is assigned to TSD at Fort
Leavenworth, Kansas. She has served with the 4th Psychological
Operations Group and Special Operations Command-Korea. She attended
the Post-Graduate Intelligence Program and holds a master of arts
degree in Economics from North Carolina State University, and a
master of science degree in Strategic Intelligence from the Joint
Military Intelligence College. Readers can contact her at
gallogle@leav-emh1. army.mil or DSN 552-7922, Comm: (913) 684-7922.