Introduction to CHATS and CHASIS
by Richard S. Eaton
The heralded success of the Theater Rapid Response Intelligence Package (TRRIP) in Bosnia, Haiti, and elsewhere gave rise to the development of the Armys counterintelligence/human intelligence (CI/HUMINT) Automated Tool Set (CHATS), the newest member of the All-Source Analysis System (ASAS) family. CHATS is a cen- trally issued Army hardware and software suite designed to meet the unique requirements of CI/HUMINT teams operating in diverse operational environ- ments.
CHATS, the first CI/HUMINT component developed by the Project Manager Intelligence Fusion, is part of a planned four-component CI/HUMINT subsystem within ASAS. When fully completed, the subsystem will provide automated support to CI/HUMINT functions from team-level operators to single-source and all source analysts in the analysis and control element (ACE) or at theater intelligence centers.
CHATS makes CI/HUMINT data readily available in a uniform, digitized format, which the commander can put to immediate use as a force multiplier in risk management and operational decisions. Using the CI/HUMINT All-Source Integration System (CHASIS) as the software base- line, CHATS automates the full range of CI agent and HUMINT collector Intel XXI tasks including:
The days of painfully slow CI/HUMINT collection manage- ment and reporting using outdated tactical voice communications, facsimile or, the more common default, courier are numbered.
CHATS evolved from the fielding of several locally developed systems, most notably the TRRIP. The TRRIP, initially developed in U.S. Army Europe (USAREUR), satisfied a CI special agents initial need for a small, team-portable system capable of receiving tasking and reporting information over a variety of communications systems. Soon after the USAREUR fielding of TRRIP, multiple variations appeared in other organizations and theaters. As a locally developed system, these TRRIP-like systems had no uniform baseline and were not interoperable with existing or emerging Army or joint intelligence systems, such as ASAS and the Defense Counterintelligence Infor- mation System (DCIIS). Thus, CHATS and the ASAS CI/HUMINT Subsystem resulted from a U.S. Army Intelligence Center and Fort Huachuca CI/HUMINT Integrated Concept Team (ICT) process in which systems requirements were generated to drive the develop- ment process. These systems will supply soldiers in the field with an Army-supported and tactically reliable system with compatible hardware and software employable in a variety of intelligence systems, architectures, and environments.
With the CHATS/CHASIS package, CI/HUMINT soldiers now have the ability to
Furthermore, they can now rapidly report information collected through CI Force Protection Source Operations (CFSO), CI/counterespionage (CE) invest igations, debriefings, interrogations, overt collection, and document exploitation (DOCEX). CHATS fielding and implemen- tation set the path for seamless CI/HUMINT connectivity through ASAS to Army, joint, and national intelligence systems and data- bases. (See Figure 1.)
Currently, CHATS can communicate using several different tactical and non-tactical communications interfaces. The provided ethernet card allows the CHATS/CHASIS to communicate over a variety of local-area networks (LANs) and wide-area networks. The system can operate over the Mobile Subscriber Equipment (MSE), Tactical Packet Network (TPN), the TROJAN Special Purpose Inte- grated Remote Intelligence Terminal (TROJAN SPIRIT) network (collateral LAN only), and collateral garrison LANs. The system can also communicate over MSE in a wire-line mode if connected to a KY-68 encryption device. Users can establish collateral communications over commercial systems such as analog telephone networks or International Maritime Satellite (INMARSAT) with a Secure Tele- phone Unit-Third Generation (STU-III) and appropriate cryptographic key material. Unclassified communications over commercial systems are possible using the included fax-modem card. Plans include an interface for the Single Channel Ground and Airborne Radio System (SINCGARS).
Future additions to the ASAS CI/HUMINT subsystem include the CI and Interrogation Operations Workstation (CI & IO WS), a CI/HUMINT Single-Source Processor (SSP) in the ACE, and a hand-held CI/HUMINT device for an individual team member. Development and fielding of these items, as well as improvements and additions to the CHASIS software suite, will occur during fiscal year (FY) 1998 through FY03. Additionally, future hardware improvements will include Global Positioning System (GPS) and SINCGARS interfaces.
The CI/HUMINT All-Source Integration System is a collection of commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) and U.S. Government-developed CI/HUMINT specific software. The commercial components provide the operating system, common information management and processing functions, and support for the peripheral hardware devices. The Government-developed software provides data management and reporting tools for doctrinal CI/HUMINT reports and mapping tools that are compatible with National Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA) digital map data products or user-scanned map images.
The basis for the CHASIS reporting tools are the DCIIS store and forward forms package. The DCIIS forms are currently in prototype form. The U.S. Army fielded the prototype store-and-forward forms package with CHASIS nearly one year before the official Department of Defense (DOD) release date. The final versions will be included when approved by the DOD. With the expected changes, future formats will include tactical and strategic report formats. The store-and-forward forms allow the user to prepare CI/HUMINT-specific reports and upload them later to a DCIIS server. Additionally, the CHASIS Data Management Tools can also generate a message text format (MTF) SALUTE (size, activity, location, unit, time, equipment) spot report for transmission to ASAS. The mapping tools read both NIMA digital map products and user-scanned map images. This tool provides image enhancement, registration of scanned maps, position tracking, and the overlaying of reference lines and military symbols. Currently, the tool does not have specific functions for interrogation of prisoners of war (IPW). Nevertheless, future development will increase the number of U.S. USMTF compatible CI/HUMINT message formats, including IPW-related reports.
Other future CHASIS improvements will include an IPW bar- coding database tool for databasing enemy prisoners of war (EPW), civilian detainees, and captured doc- uments and equipment. Also planned are link analysis and visual investigative analysis (VIA) tools, and a source-management database tool.
The AN/PYQ-3 (V1) CHATS is a long-awaited addition to the ASAS family of systems. It offers CI and HUMINT collectors a first-time-ever ability to communicate intelligence reporting rapidly, directly into the intelligence and electronic warfare operating system. With this ability, commanders will now have timely CI/HUMINT reporting that is immediately actionable, and analysts will have timely reporting that can synthesize CI/HUMINT information into the battlefield picture with little ASAS operator intervention. These capabilities and the CHATS compatibility with DCIIS allow a push-pull connectivity from the tactical through strategic level of operations.
1. Program Executive Office Command, Control, and Communications Systems, All-Source Analysis System (ASAS) Counterintelligence (CI)/Human Intelligence (HUMINT) Subsystem User Functional Description (UFD), 14 May 1997.
2. Program Director, CI/HUMINT Information Management Systems, PM Intelligence Fusion, Fact Sheet Counterintelligence/Human Intelligence Automated Tool Set (CHATS) AN/PYQ-3(V1) and CI/HUMINT All Source Integration System (CHASIS), 1 October 1997.
3. Department of the Army (DA), Intel XXI: Strategy for the 21st Century.
4. DA, Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Intelligence (ODSCINT), White Paper, Intelligence XXI, Army Counterintelligence and Human Intelligence Strategy, 23 May 1995.
5. U.S. Army Intelligence Center and Fort Huachuca, White Paper, Army CI/HUMINT XXI Concept of Operations: Providing a Seamless Linkage-Strategic to Tactical, 1 May 1997.
6. Lieutenant Colonel David Perkins, CI/HUMINT Directorate, ODCSINT, HUMINT/CI, as found at the Army Center for Lessons Learned Internet address http://call.army.mil/call/spc_prod/humint/humint.htm, undated.
Special thanks to Doug Edgell (Mystech Associate), DA ODCSINT, CI/HUMINT Modernization; Joe Muckelroy (Gutierrez and Palmenberg Inc.), Test Site Manager All-Source Analysis System (for TSM ASAS); and Lieutenant Colonel David Perkins for numerous and substantial contributions to this article.
Mr. Eaton is a contractor with Sytex Incorporated serving as an Intelligence Research Specialist with the Product Director, CI/HUMINT Information Management Systems, Intelligence Fusion Project Office, in McLean, Virginia. He is a former active duty U.S. Army Counterintelligence Agent with previous assignments to the 2d Infantry Division and 501st MI Brigade, Korea; Joint Task Force-Bravo and CI Support Activity, Honduras; the 902d MI Group; and the 26th Infantry Division. He is a graduate of the U.S. Army Intelligence School Counter-intelligence Agent Course, the U.S. Army Forces Command (FORSCOM) Automated Intelligence Support System Course, the Pacific Command (PACOM) Automated Site Server-Korea Course and the National Cryptologic School Advances in Automated Data Processing (ADP) Research and Development Course. Readers can contact him via E-mail at reaton@asaspmo .belvoir.army.mil and telephonically at (703) 275-8140 or DSN 235-8140.