Reserve Component Contributory Support Integration: The INSCOM Way
by Lieutenant Colonel William A. Boik, USAR, and Major Annie H. Spiczak, USAR
The heart of AC/RC integration is the creation of an ability for commanders to seize every opportunity to support intelligence requirements by fully utilizing every skilled intelligence professional available whether they be in the Active or Reserve Component.
Recent military operations have highlighted the increased U.S. Army reliance on a fully integrated Active and Reserve force in providing timely multidiscipline intelligence in support of the total force. To be successful in the 21st century, all Army units must break the old mind-set of Active Component (AC) or Reserve Component (RC) military operations. They must develop a new paradigm of an expanded and fully integrated AC or RC partnership.
The U.S. Army Intelligence and Security Command (INSCOM), as the Armys echelons above corps (EAC) MI force with worldwide responsibilities and requirements, has aggressively developed a program of expanded AC/RC partnership and a train as we fight relationship for the total MI force. The Command has been at the cutting edge of AC/RC integration over the past few years by providing the resources and expertise necessary to enable RC MI units to provide intelligence support to on-going INSCOM missions from their home stations. It has also invested heavily in automation and communications connectivity for a number of RC EAC MI units and has begun planning for the restructuring of several EAC MI units as multi-component (AC/RC) units. All of these actions are laying the foundation for an aggressive AC/ RC partnership as we move into the 21st century.
This article will briefly describe the approach that INSCOM is taking to ensure a fully integrated intelligence force capable of support- ing all customers as we enter the next century. See Figure 1 for a graphic depiction of the RC MI vision.
The INSCOM staff realized in the early 1990s that as resources continued to decline, it was essential that all intelligence elements (both AC and RC) function as an integrated team. The RC EAC MI force brought with it numerous capabilitieswhether mobilized, operating from home stations, or operating from INSCOM locations. These capabilities both complem- ented INSCOMs ability and enhanced the Commands ability to effectively conduct future intelli- gence operations and support the force. INSCOMs ability to maximize the use of these capabilities will significantly affect its ability to support the Army XXI soldier.
Within INSCOM, the Reserve MI force fulfills six roles. These include:
The RC supports INSCOM and its customers through tailored RC MI force packages, individual Reservists, or RC training and intelligence centers, such as the Army Reserve Intelligence Support Centers (ARISCs) and the Utah Army National Guard facilities near Salt Lake City, Utah. In fiscal year 1999, the Army RC EAC MI force consists of more than 2200 Reservists in a variety of MI troop units; these include counterintel- lience (CI), technical intelligence (TECHINT), interrogation, production, and imagery intelligence (IMINT). Roughly 2100 National Guard members serve in linguist units. Additionally, there are approximately 300 Reserve individual mobilization augmentees (IMAs) directly assigned to the various INSCOM major subordinate commands (MSCs). Figure 2 depicts RC MI integration.
The full integration of these elements into INSCOM operations will produce a number of benefits for both the Command and our customers. These include:
Development of an Integrated Program for RC Support
Over the years, INSCOM has relied on RC support for a number of critical on-going mission requirements. However, most of this support was unplanned and accomp- lished sporadically. The initial step taken by the Command was to establish a comprehensive, integrated, and fully coordinated program for RC contributory support. To do this, INSCOM published its first RC Support and Integration Plan (RCSIP) in 1996. Through the RCSIP, the Command ensures that each of its MSCs develops a program fully integrating the RC EAC MI resources (both units and personnel) into INSCOM operations to the maximum extent possible.
Four important principles guided the initial development of the INSCOM RCSIP and continue to guide INSCOM planning today:
The RCSIP serves as a guide for the INSCOM Headquarters staff and its MSCs in the development of plans and procedures for usage of RC EAC MI resources. It outlines the responsibilities, planning considerations, coordination procedures, current RC EAC MI units and their capabilities, and resource availability and programming requirements.
Implementation of an Integrated Program for RC Support
To ensure the implementation of consistent and effective approaches throughout the command, INSCOM initiated two interrelated actions. The first of these was a periodic RC Support and Integration Workshop and In-Progress Review (IPR). Participants include all MSC S3s and RC integration coordinators, as well as representatives from the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA), National Security Agency, U.S. Army Reserve Command, and aligned RC MI units. It provides the attendees with an opportunity to share ideas for effective AC/RC integration, discuss issues, and reinforce the commanding generals guidance.
Major General John D. Thomas, Jr., (then the INSCOM Commander) opened the Conference by emphasizing the importance of RC support to INSCOM. He stated, given the requirements, RC contributory support is not an option...(it) is critical to our success and we will make it happen. Reinforcing his commitment to AC/RC integration, MG Thomas emphasized that the unit commanders and S3s played a critical role in implementing the INSCOM RCSIP and he told attendees that he expected their full support.
As part of the conference, attendees were briefed on the AC/RC seamless partnership concept, future RC force structure planning and received an update on the Individual Mobilization Augmentee Program. Additionally, the MSCs provided a brief overview of their initial RC support and integration planning; they adressed any issues they had related to AC/RC integration. These briefings provided a unique opportunity for attendees to share ideas, identify challenges, propose solutions, and develop implementation milestones.
The second action was the establishment of a Reserve Affairs Staff Inspection and Assistance Program as part of the overall Command Inspection Program. Under this program, personnel from the Reserve Affairs staff periodically visit INSCOMs subordinate units and inspect the units RC integra- tion programs. The inspection covers five essential aspects of a successful AC/RC integration program: integration planning, WARTRACE1 alignments, training association program, IMA Program, and integration execution. There is a detailed checklist for each aspect and the inspectors rate units go or no go in each area based on the level of their integration planning and execution.
RC Integration Success Stories
During 1998, RC soldiers provided more than 2955 workdays of contributory support to the intelligence mission of INSCOM and its MSCs. This was in addition to the normal two-week annual training (AT) and inactive duty training (IDT) of the commands IMA (DIMA) soldiers. These contributory support successes cross all areas of INSCOMs normal peacetime and contingency support opera- tions. Some of those that stand out include the following:
These successes represent INSCOMs commitment to a fully integrated AC/RC MI Force. With declining resources, the AC/RC partnership will clearly enhance INSCOMs ability to maximize the use of the Commands total capabilities and significantly impact on its ability to support the Army XXI soldier. As we move into the 21st century, INSCOM will continue to pursue the full integration of the RC EAC MI force. This includes all areas of operations, seizing opportunities to support intelligence requirements by fully using every skilled Army intelligence professional available.X
1. WARTRACE in simple terms is a planning association of an RC unit with the organization with which it would go to war or to which it would be subordinate. It is somewhat dated but still used to describe associations ranging from training to actual war plans.
The authors would like to thank Colonel Richard T. Dunbar (USAR, Retired), former U.S. Army Intelligence and Security Command (INSCOM) Deputy Chief of Staff, Reserve Affairs, for his assistance in reviewing and updating this article.
Lieutenant Colonel Bill Boik, U.S. Army Reserve (USAR), received his commission in the Army following graduation from the University of Detroit. He served on active duty in Armor and MI assignments in Korea, Forts Campbell and Knox, Kentucky, and Germany. LTC Boiks previous assignments included Tank Company Commander, Battalion and Brigade S2, Assistant Division G2, and Theater Army War Plans Officer. He has worked as a Drilling IMA with the Reserve Affairs Office, Assistant Chief of Staff (ACofS), Headquarters (HQ) INSCOM since 1991. LTC Boik holds Masters degrees in Public Administration from Western Kentucky University, International Relations from Boston University, and a Master of Science in Strategic Intelligence from the Defense Intelligence College. He is a graduate of the Armor and MI Officer Advanced Courses, the Post-Graduate Intelligence Program, U.S. Army Command and General Staff College (CGSC), Naval Command and Staff Course, and the Army Management Staff College. In his civilian life, he is an Intelligence Staff Officer with Department of the Army Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Intelligence (ODCSINT). Interested readers can contact LTC Boik via E-mail at william. firstname.lastname@example.org and telephonically at (703) 601-0386 .
Major Annie Spiczak, USAR, commissioned after completing Officer Candidate School at Fort Benning, Georgia, received both a Bachelor of Arts degree in History and a Master of Arts degree in Education from the University of North Carolina. Her assignments included Platoon Leader; Company Commander; Battalion and Brigade S2; Inspector General and Security Officer, Department of the Army Inspector General; Action Officer, Special Operations Division, J3, Joint Chiefs of Staff; and DIA Collection Management Intelligence Officer. Since 1993, MAJ Spiczak has served in various Drilling IMA postions to include Watch Officer for the National Military Joint Intelligence Center and Intelligence Officer, Reserve Affairs Office, ACofS, HQ, INSCOM. She is currently an IMA with the Joint Intelligence Center Pacific Command (JICPAC), Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. She is a graduate of the MI Officer Basic Course, MI Officer Advanced Course, Combined Arms Senior Staff School, and CGSC. In her civilian life, MAJ Spiczak serves with the Internal Revenue Service as Director, Quality Assurance, for the Chief Human Resource Officer.
16 Military Intelligence
April-June 1999 17