A Family of Complementary UAV Systems to Meet
the Needs of Warfighters at All Echelons


Tactical


To support: Army battalions, brigades, and light divisions; Marine regiments; and deployed Navy units
­ Near-real-time reconnaissance, surveillance and target acquisition (RSTA), and battle damage assessment (BDA)

 

 Pioneer & Hunter

Costs

FY96
FY97

 Pioneer

$28.3M
$25.6M

 Hunter

$38.0Ma
$12.0Mb



aReprogramming in process
bAddition to Army O&M


Program Requirements/Objectives

  • Operate up to 15,000 ft and at ranges > 100 nm
  • Pioneer: Interim IMINT for tactical commanders. Operations to be extended until TUAV is fielded
  • Hunter: Originally developed to meet Short Range requirement, support corps/division & naval operations with IMINT for tactical commanders


Acquisition Strategy

  • Pioneer: Contractor: Pioneer UAV, Inc. Sustain nine systems; current acquisition of attrition spares and AVs; plan extension through FY 2003, vice FY 2000
  • Hunter: Contractor: TRW. Initial contract expired with delivery of seven LRIP systems: Army maintains one at Ft. Hood, TX, to support CONOPS development including Force XXI and sufficient assets at Ft. Huachuca for training

Major Accomplishments

  • Pioneer: Deployed on three Navy LPD-class ships. Readiness Improvement Program continuing. Marine VMU-1 deployed to Bosnia. VC-6 deployed on USS Shreveport, USS Austin, and USS Denver
  • Hunter: Since flying resumed (Feb 96), Hunter has flown 1,050+ hours without a hardware or software failure, and has supported key exercises, demos, and tests

 

 Outrider (TUAV)

 Costs

FY96
FY97

Outriderc

$71.9M
$64.6M

cIncludes CSD, TCS

Program Requirements/Objectives

  • Cost: $350,000 @ 33rd AV, $300,000 @ 100th AV, with sensor
  • Operate > 200 km range, with >4 hrs on station
  • Compliance w/Joint Integration Interface standards
  • Demonstrate military utility for reconnaissance and surveillance, tactical situational awareness, gun fire support, BDA

Acquisition Strategy

  • Contractor: Alliant Techsystems
  • 24-month ACTD: 6 systems and support. Focus on system integration, shipboard & interoperability demos, exercise support, and logistics definition
  • 18-month LRIP option: 6 systems and support. Continued integration, testing, exercise support, and logistics development

Major Accomplishments

  • ACTD contract award 2 May 96
  • Inertial navigation system developed
  • Prototype system delivered to System Integration Lab (SIL), Huntsville, AL
  • First ACTD flight on schedule for mid-Nov 96

 19%

SHARE OF
FY96
DARP UAV
INVESTMENT
($354M)

 20%
AV Air Vehicle
LPD Landing Platform Dock
CSD Common System Development
TCS Tactical Control System
IMINT Imagery Intelligence
VTOL Vertical Takeoff and Landing



Endurance


To support: Joint Task Force Commanders and Theater/National C2 nodes; goal of sensor-to-shooter interface
­ Long-range, long-dwell, near-real-time theater/tactical intelligence via deep penetration/wide-area surveillance

 

 

Predator (MAE UAV)

Costs

FY96
FY97

Predator

$44.9M
$121.9Md

dIncludes U-CARS integration

Program Requirements/Objectives

  • Long-range/dwell, near-real-time tactical intel-ligence, RSTA, and BDA
  • Operate up to 25,000 ft and at radius up to 500 nm
  • EO/IR and high-resolution SAR for IMINT

Acquisition Strategy

  • ACTD: Contractor: General Atomics. Determine optimal technical approach for endurance UAVs; maintain production base following first 10 AVs
  • Production: Baseline configuration (to include de-icing, IFF, and voice radio relay) and P3I
  • Basing: Assigned to Air Combat Command


Major Accomplishments

  • 30-month ACTD completed 30 Jun 96
  • Military utility validated in demos and two contingency deployments
  • Two deployments to Bosnia (Jul­Nov 95 and Mar 96-on) to support UN, NATO
  • Interoperability demos with U.S. Customs Service, Navy battle group, and Navy submarine/SEAL operation
  • First ACTD approved for transition to production
  • Ops responsibility passed to Air Force 2 Sep 96
  • Marinization study complete 1Q/FY 1997

 

 HAE UAVs (CONV & LO HAE)

Costs

FY96
FY97

 Global Hawk

$55.4M
$71.2M

 DarkStar

$65.3M
$45.9M

 HAE CGS

$50.2M
$71.6M

Program Requirements/Objectives

  • Military utility w/UFP $10M (FY94 $), AVs #11­20 (average)
  • RSTA w/hi-alt, long-range/dwell & wide-area surveillance
  • Global Hawk: 24 hrs at 65,000 ft and 3,000 nm radius
  • DarkStar: >8 hrs at >45,000 ft and 500 nm radius

Acquisition Strategy

  • ACTD: Two HAE AVs with CGS to explore military utility and roles/capabilities (USACOM as lead-CINC). DARPA used Other Agreements Authority to streamline contracting and conduct tech demos
  • Global Hawk: Competitive award to Teledyne Ryan
  • DarkStar: Sole-source development by Lockheed Martin
  • Demo Eval: Demo military utility (FY 1998-1999)
  • Production: Planned for FY 2000 (post-ACTD)

Major Accomplishments

  • Global Hawk: Final design review (May 96); AV #1's wing loading test (Jun 96), fabrication complete (Sep 96), subsystem integration and checkout (Oct-Dec 96); 1st flight on schedule for 3Q/FY 1997.
  • DarkStar: 1st flight 29 Mar 96; AV crash during 2nd flight
    (22 Apr). RCS test complete (Jul 96); system configuration review (Sep-Nov 96). (To resume flight test schedule in 3Q/FY97)
  • HAE CGS: MCE virtual prototype experiment (May 96); LRE completing assembly and checkout (Nov 96)

 13%

SHARE OF
FY96
DARP UAV
INVESTMENT
($354M)

 48%
AEW Airborne Early Warning
RCS Radar Cross-Section
LRE Launch and Recovery Element
U-CARS UAV Common Automatic Recovery System
MCE Mission Control Element
UFP Unit Flyaway Price