The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court was created by section 103(a) of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 (50 U.S.C. 1803(a)). It was originally comprised of seven district judges from seven circuits named by the Chief Justice of the United States to serve a maximum of 7 years.
THE FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE SURVEILLANCE COURT
In 2001, the U.S.A. Patriot Act (section 208) amended the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act to increase the number of FIS Court judges from seven to eleven, "of whom no fewer than 3 shall reside within 20 miles of the District of Columbia." The membership of the Court in 2013 was as follows.
Appointed Expires BATES, John D. (Presiding, until end of term on February 21, 2013) D.D.C. 2/22/2006 2/21/2013 WALTON, Reggie B. (Presiding, as of February 22, 2013) D.D.C. 5/19/2007 5/18/2014 COFFMAN, Jennifer B. E.D.Kentucky 5/19/2011 5/18/2018 (retired 01/08/13) COLLYER, Rosemary M. D.D.C. 3/8/2013 3/7/2020 DEARIE, Raymond J. E.D. New York 7/2/2012 7/1/2019 EAGAN, Claire V. N.D. Oklahoma 2/13/2013 5/18/2019 FELDMAN, Martin L.C. E.D.Louis. 5/19/2010 5/18/2017 HOGAN, Thomas F. D.D.C. 5/18/2009 5/18/2016 McLAUGHLIN, Mary A. E.D. Pa. 5/18/2008 5/18/2015 MOSMAN, Michael W. Oregon 5/04/2013 5/03/2020 SAYLOR, F. Dennis Mass. 5/19/2011 5/18/2018 VINSON, Roger N.D.Florida 5/04/2006 5/03/2013 WRIGHT, Susan Webber E.D. Arkansas 5/18/2009 5/18/2016 ZAGEL, James B. N.D. Ill. 5/18/2008 5/18/2015
The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court of Review was created by the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of 1978 to review applications that were denied by the FIS Court. The Court of Review is comprised of three judges, one of whom is designated as the presiding judge, named by the Chief Justice of the United States from the U.S. district or appellate courts. Judges serve a maximum of seven years and are not eligible for redesignation.
FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE SURVEILLANCE COURT OF REVIEW
Appointed Expires ARNOLD, Morris S. (Presiding) Eighth Circuit 5/19/2008 (became presiding judge 5/19/12) 5/18/2015 BRYSON, William C. Federal Circuit 5/19/2011 5/18/2018