Index USIGS Glossary

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Term Definition/Description Source
Jacob's staff A single staff or pole used for mounting a surveyor's compass or other instrument. Sometimes used in place of a tripod. HDBK-850
Jaderin wires (base apparatus) An apparatus used for base line measurement. It consists of separate steel and brass wires, extended under constant tension over reference tripods in the line of the base. The coefficients of expansion and lengths at a certain temperature of the two wires having been found, the temperatures of the wires themselves may be deduced from the difference of the measurement of the same distance by the two wires. With these temperatures known, the length of the base may be accurately obtained. HDBK-850
Japanese Earth Resource Sensing Satellite 1
JERS-1 (also known as Fuyo 1) is an earth observation satellite launched to observe global land area for national land survey, agriculture, forestry, and fishery, environmental protection, disaster protection, and coastal monitoring purposes. The satellite is equipped with high performance Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) and Optical Sensor (OPS) for entire earth observation, data from which is collected by a mission data recorder. NADSA SE
Java A DCP [Distributed Computing Platform] developed by SunSoft. Any computer with the Java server software installed can run Java client applets that arrive over a network. OpenGIS Guide
Jet Navigation Chart (JNC) A 1:2,000,000 scale, coordinated series of multicolored charts, designed to satisfy long range navigation of high-altitude, high-speed aircraft. HDBK-850
JIVA Analytic Data Environment (JADE) JADE is JIVA's effort to provide analyst access to several different sources of information using a singular request. The objectives of JADE are: A. To provide analysts with access to all data sources from a single, easy-to-use, browser-enabled application. B. To provide developers with a common, shared middleware layer and API to permit access to all data sources. C. To provide data access middleware that is portable and easily extensible to new data sources. D. To ensure that all JADE components bought commercially or built by government organizations interoperate with all other components. E. To promote the development and use of reusable components. JADE SOO
joining Connecting two or more separately digitized or stored maps. The junction between two such maps is sometimes visible as a result of imperfections or inconsistencies in the data. HDBK-850
Joint Advanced Special Operations Radio System In development by Harris Corp. Will provide low probability of intercept/detection capability to Special Operation Forces units conducting special reconnaissance missions. USIS 95
Joint Analysis Center (JAC) The primary intelligence center for USEUCOM. A joint organization located at Molesworth, UK. USIS 95
Joint Army-Navy-Air Force Publication A series of publications produced by supporting agencies of the Joint Chiefs of Staff intended for distribution through the approved offices of distribution within the Army, Navy, and Air Force. USIS 95
Joint C4ISR Architecture Planning/Analysis System (JCAPS) The JCAPS is being designed to support the development of operational and system architecture products as described in the C4ISR Architecture Framework. JCAPS will facilitate comparing, contrasting, and integrating C4ISR architectures. It will allow users to easily access, display, share and manipulate C4ISR architecture information through a DII COE distributed and networked system. JCAPS will implement a common data model that the Commands, Services and Agencies can use and share common architecture data. Initially, the JCAPS data repository will leverage off the Integrated C4I Architectures Requirements Information System's (ICARIS) database as well as selected databases maintained by the Command, Services and Agencies. AFRL Web Site
Joint C4ISR Battle Center (JBC) The JBC provides the combatant commands, at the joint task force (JTF) level, with a joint capability and experimental environment that will be forcing a function for joint C4ISR capability and foster rapid, near-term insertion of C4ISR technology. JBC will be a learning and experimentation center for the warfighter and the technologist; supporting Joint Vision 2010 (JV2010) and the CINCs' requirements for C4ISR capability. The JBC is housed in the United States Atlantic Command's (USACOM) Joint Training, Analysis, and Simulation Center (JTASC) in Suffolk, VA. JBC Web Site
Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) The JCS consists of the Chairman, the Vice Chairman, the Chief of Staff of the Army, the Chief of Naval Operations, the Chief of Staff of the Air Force and the Commandant of the Marine Corps. All JCS members are, by law, military advisers and may respond to a request or voluntarily submit advice or opinions to the President, the National Security Council or The Secretary of Defense. DefenseLINK
Joint Collection Management Tools A program to improve DoD-wide collection requirements management. This program will use the Army's Collection Management Support Tool (CMST) as its core and will add some of the functionality for the Collection Requirements Management Activity (CRMA) and the Air Force's Collection Requirements Management System (CRMS). USIS 95
Joint Deployable Intelligence Support System (JDISS) The Joint Deployable Intelligence Support System (JDISS) is an all-source automated intelligence system that will allow remote forces to send and receive textual data and digital imagery, send and receive messages, and build and maintain (limited) data bases. JDISS is being fielded as the standard deployable intelligence system within national intelligence agencies, Unified Commands, and Joint Task Forces to ensure interoperability between these organizations. USIS 95
Joint Deployment Agency The activity that supports the Joint Chiefs of Staff and supported Commanders in planning for and executing deployments. USIS 95
Joint Direct Attack Munition (JDAM) A self-guided glide bomb in development as of 1994. The JDAM program is a joint, Air Force-led effort to field a low cost, bad weather precision guidance munition that can destroy time critical mobile and fixed targets. USIS 95
joint force A general term applied to a force composed of significant elements of the Army, Navy, and/or Marines and the Air Force, or two or more of these Services operating under a single commander authorized to exercise Unified Command or operational control over joint force. USIS 95
Joint Force Air Component Commander (JFACC) The JFACC derives authority from the Joint Force Commander who has the authority to exercise operational control, assign missions, direct coordination among his subordinate commanders, redirect, and organize his forces to ensure unity of effort in the accomplishment of his overall mission. USIS 95
Joint Forces Commander An individual authorized to exercise combatant command or operational control over a joint force. USIS 95
Joint Intelligence Center (JIC) The intelligence center of the joint force headquarters. The joint intelligence center is responsible for providing and producing the intelligence required to support the joint force commander and staff, components, task forces and elements, and the National Intelligence Community. USIS 95
Joint Intelligence Center Counterdrug A joint service organization located in the Pentagon. USIS 95
Joint Intelligence Center Europe Now the Joint Analysis Center (JAC). USIS 95
Joint Intelligence Center Pacific United States Pacific Command's (USPACOM) combined intelligence center at Hickam AFB and Makalapa, HI. USIS 95
Joint Intelligence Center Transportation (JICTRANS) JICTRANS researches and analyzes substantive transportation intelligence, assesses threats to transportation resources, and disseminates other situational awareness finished intelligence for the United States Transportation Command (USTRANSCOM). JICTRANS is located at Scott AFB, IL. TRANSCOM Web Site
Joint Intelligence Center USCENTCOM The primary intelligence analysis center for United States Central Command (USCENTCOM) located at MacDill AFB, FL. USIS 95
Joint Intelligence Center USSOUTHCOM The primary intelligence analysis center for united States Southern Command (USSOUTHCOM). A joint organization located "forward" at Albrook Air Force Station, Panama, and in the "rear" at Norfolk Naval Base, VA. USIS 95
Joint Intelligence Center USSTRATCOM The primary intelligence analysis center for United States Strategic Command (USSTRATCOM), located at Offutt AFB, NE. USIS 95
Joint Intelligence Liaison Element A team that deploys in crisis situations. It can be part of the National Intelligence Support Team (NIST). USIS 95
Joint Intelligence Virtual Architecture (JIVA) The focus of JIVA is the modernization of intelligence analytical and production processes and methodologies. It will provide the Defense Intelligence Community's all-source analytical workforce with the cognitive tools, automated capabilities, and training necessary to ensure successful mission accomplishment in tomorrow's high "operational tempo," information rich environment. The overall goal of JIVA is to create a new intelligence operating environment for the 21st century. The vision of JIVA is the coordinated, focused production of all-source intelligence by multiple, physically separated organizations collaborating in a dynamic, virtual environment. JIVA will do this by enabling an environment to allow integration of existing intelligence information systems providing an easily accessible pool of data. JIVA will also provide sophisticated analytical tools which, combined with education will enhance quality and speed of analysis. JIVA will provide collaborative tools to enhance sharing of requirements and expertise. JIVA will enable the rapid construction and distribution of intelligence products tailored to users requirements. JIVA PMGM
Joint Interoperability and Engineering Organization (JIEO) JIEO's mission is to ensure interoperability of the Defense Information Infrastructure (DII) and to provide engineering support to warfighters, DISA program and single system managers, Combatant Commands, Services, and Agencies. JIEO provides DoD Information Systems (IS) technical architectures and standards, engineers both hardware and software, and supports the acquisition, implementation, development, and integration of secure IS to meet the needs of DoD users in peace and war. JIEO provides interoperable information technology (IT) services and management of IS engineering services to DoD. JIEO is a Defense Information Systems Agency (DISA) organization headquartered at Ft. Monmouth, NJ. DISA Web Site
Joint Interoperability Test Center (JITC) JITC, a Defense Information Systems Agency (DISA) organization, is an independent operational test and evaluation/assessor of DISA and other DoD C4I acquisitions; identifying and solving C4I and combat support systems interoperability deficiencies; providing C4I joint and combined interoperability testing, evaluating, and certification; and bringing C4I interoperability support, operational field assessments, and technical assistance to the CINCs, Services, and Agencies. JITC is located at Fort Huachuca, AZ, Cheltenham, MD and Arlington, VA. DISA Web Site
Joint Operation Planning and Execution System A continuously evolving system that is being developed through the integration and enhancement of earlier planning and execution systems: Joint Operation Planning System and Joint Deployment System. It provides the foundation for conventional command and control by national and theater level commanders and their staffs. It is designed to satisfy their information needs in the conduct of joint planning and operations. Joint Operation Planning and Execution System (JOPES) includes joint operation planning policies, procedures, and reporting structures supported by communications and automated data processing systems. JOPES is used to monitor, plan, and execute mobilization, deployment, employment, and sustainment activities associated with joint operations. USIS 95
joint operational intelligence agency An intelligence agency in which the efforts of two or more Services are integrated to furnish that operational intelligence essential to the commander of a joint force and to supplement that available to subordinate forces of the command. The agency may or may not be part of such joint force commander's staff. USIS 95
Joint Operations Center A jointly manned facility of a joint force commande''s headquarters established for planning, monitoring, and guiding the execution of the commande''s decisions. USIS 95
Joint Operations Graphic (JOG) The standard 1:250,000 scale Department of Defense cartographic product which may be produced in any of the following three versions to meet the validated unified and specified commands and military departments area requirements: the JOG/G (Series 1501) is designed to meet ground use requirements; JOG/A (Series 1501 Air) is designed to meet air use requirements; and JOG/R (Series 1501 Radar) is the Air Target Material version in support of radar/ intelligence planning and operations requirements. HDBK-850
Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG) JPEG is a standardized image compression mechanism. JPEG is designed for compressing either full-color or gray-scale images of natural, real-world scenes. JPEG handles only still images, but there is a related standard called Motion Pictures Expert Group (MPEG) for motion pictures. JPEG is "lossy," meaning that the decompressed image isn't quite the same as the one you started with. JPEG is designed to exploit known limitations of the human eye, notably the fact that small color changes are perceived less accurately than small changes in brightness. Thus, JPEG is intended for compressing images that will be looked at by humans. [Note 1: JPEG is also the name of the ISO standards body for still imagery compression standards.] OSU-CIS Web Site
Joint Requirements Oversight Council (JROC) The JROC, chaired by the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (VCJCS), conducts requirements analyses, validates mission needs and key performance parameters, and develops recommended joint priorities for those needs. The JROC validates the C4I certification of mission need and operational requirements documents for conformance with joint C4 policy and doctrine, architectural integrity, and interoperability standards. The JROC advises the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (CJCS) on requirements (MCM 14-95 (reference (z)). DoDD 5000.1
Joint Service Imagery Processing System (JSIPS) A modular, deployable computer-based exploitation system that can be tailored into specific configurations to satisfy imagery processing and exploitation needs for each user's fielding and operational requirements. The JSIPS is able to receive, process, and exploit, in near-real time, inputs from national, tactical and theater assets based on the user's requirements. See the Imagery Processing Dissemination System (IPDS). USIS 95
Joint Service Imagery Processing System-Navy (JSIPS-N) The Navy version of JSIPS, JSIPS-N provides the capability to receive imagery in real/near real-time from virtually any source, national or tactical, and in virtually any format. JSIPS-N enables the creation of timely, highly accurate imagery information. It supports the rapid exploitation and dissemination of imagery products to meet staff, mission planning and intelligence requirements in support of Naval Strike Warfare. GDESystems Web Site
Joint Special Operations Task Force (JSOTF) A joint task force composed of special operations units from more than one Service, formed to carry out a specific special operation or prosecute special operations in support of a theater campaign or other operations. The JSOTF may have conventional nonspecial operations units assigned or attached to support the conduct for specific missions. USIS 95
Joint Staff 1. The staff of a Commander of a unified command, or of a joint task force, that includes members from the several Services comprising the force. These members should be assigned in such a manner as to ensure that the commander understands the tactics, techniques, capabilities, needs, and limitations of the component parts of the force. Positions on the staff should be divided so that Service representation and influence generally reflect the Service composition of the force. 2. The staff under the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff as provided for in the National Security Act of 1947, as amended by the DoD Reorganization Act of 1986. The Joint Staff assists the Chairman, and subject to the authority, direction, and control of the Chairman, the other members of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the Vice Chairman in carrying out their responsibilities. USIS 95
Joint Standoff Weapon A next-generation antiarmor precision-guided munition in development as of 1994. USIS 95
Joint Surveillance Targeting and Attack Radar System (J-STARS) The USAF/Army J-STARS is able to detect stationary objects and monitor slow-moving targets. The system is then used to direct attacks on the targets. Each E-8 aircraft (modified Boeing 707s) will carry a joint Air Force/Army crew. USIS 95
joint table of distribution A manpower document that identifies the positions and enumerates the spaces that have been approved for each organizational element of a joint activity for a specific fiscal year (authorization year), and those spaces that have been accepted for planning and programming purposes for the four subsequent fiscal years (program years). USIS 95
Joint Tactical Air Reconnaissance/Surveillance Mission Report A preliminary report of information from tactical reconnaissance aircrews rendered by designated debriefing personnel immediately after landing and dispatched prior to compilation of the Initial Photo Interpretation Report. It provides a summary of the route conditions, observations, and aircrew actions, and identifies sensor products. USIS 95
Joint Tactical Exploitation of National Systems Program to review tactical uses for nationally developed programs. USIS 95
Joint Tactics, Techniques and Procedures The actions and methods that implement joint doctrine and describe how forces will be employed in joint operations. They will be promulgated by the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, in coordination with the combatant Commands, Services, and Joint Staff. USIS 95
Joint Task Force (JTF) A force composed of assigned or attached elements of the Army, the Navy or the Marine Corps, and the Air Force, or two or more of these Services, that is constituted and so designated by the Secretary of Defense or by the commander of a Unified Command or an existing joint task force. USIS 95
Joint Technical Architecture (JTA) See Department of Defense Joint Technical Architecture (DoD JTA). JTA 2.0
Joint Technical Committee (JTC) 1 JTC1 was formed in 1987 by merger of ISO Technical Committee 97 and IEC Technical Committees 47B and 83 to avoid development of possibly incompatible information technology standards by ISO and IEC. ANSI represents the U.S. government in ISO and JTC1. JTA 2.0
Joint Universal Lessons Learned System A formal system to document shortfalls in execution of plans/programs and offer solutions. USIS 95
Joint Warfighting Center (JWFC) The JWFC assists the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS), Combatant Commanders, and the Chiefs of the Services in their preparation for joint and multi-national operations, in the conceptualization, development, and assessment of current and future joint doctrine, and in the accomplishment of joint and multi-national training and exercises. The JWFC is located at Ft. Monroe, VA. JWFC Web Site
Joint Warrior Interoperability Demonstration (JWID) The JWID are a series of demonstrations which support the Joint Staff, Command, Control, Communications, Computers, and Intelligence (C4I) For the Warrior (C4IFTW) initiative. They are technology, networking, and interoperability showcases set within the framework of a Joint Task Force (JTF) deployment. The primary objective of each JWID is to assist in defining and eventually fulfilling the Combined Joint Task Force (CJTF) Commander's essential requirements for C4I. The demonstrations identify the levels of interoperability between current and prototype C4I systems using existing as well as emerging technologies. Lead service and hosting CINC change each year on a rotating basis. JWID is a low risk environment in which issues regarding JTF commander's C4I requirements and the interoperability thereof, can be examined and resolved through changes in doctrine or materiel and technology insertion. DODI 4630.8
Joint Worldwide Intelligence Communications System (JWICS) The sensitive compartmented information portion of the Defense Information System Network. It incorporates advanced networking technologies that permit point-to-point or multipoint information exchange involving voice, text, graphics, data, and video teleconferencing. USIS 95
Julian calendar The calendar established by Julius Caesar in 46 B.C. It is based upon the assumption that the true length of the tropical year was exactly 365.25 mean solar days. HDBK-850
Julian day The number of each day, as reckoned consecutively since the beginning of the present Julian period on January 1, 4713 B.C. The Julian day number denotes the number of days that has elapsed at Greenwich noon on the day designated, since this epoch day. See also modified Julian day. HDBK-850
junction 1.(digital) The point (node) where two or more line segments join together. 2.(leveling) The place where two or more lines of levels are connected. HDBK-850
junction bench mark A bench mark selected as the common meeting point for lines of levels or links of levels. HDBK-850
junction detail A sketch or working diagram showing the details of the various levelings at a junction. HDBK-850
junction figure A triangulation figure in which three or more triangulation arcs meet, or two or more arcs intersect. HDBK-850
justification The portion of a collection nomination that provides the rationale for the target type, collection resource, imagery requirements and an explanation of why the nomination is important. USIS 95

Last Updated by Mark Owens 17 February 1999.