Index

FAS Intelligence Resource Program


Intelligence Budget Data

On March 4, 2014, the Administration submitted its Fiscal Year 2015 budget request, including a base funding request of $45.6 billion for the National Intelligence Program (NIP), and a base funding request of $13.3 billion for the Military Intelligence Program (MIP).

On June 30, the DNI submitted an updated FY2015 budget request of $49.4 billion for the NIP including funding for overseas contingency operations. On November 21, the DNI further updated the FY 2015 NIP request to an aggregate total of $50.4 billion. Also on November 21, the Department of Defense released an updated FY 2015 budget request of $16.6 billion for the MIP.

FISCAL YEAR NIP BUDGET MIP BUDGET TOTAL
2014 50.5 billion 17.4 billion 67.9 billion
2013 52.7 billion (reduced by sequester to 49.0 billion) 19.2 billion (reduced by sequester to 18.6 billion 71.9 billion (reduced by sequester to 67.6 billion)
2012 53.9 billion 21.5 billion 75.4 billion
2011 54.6 billion 24 billion 78.6 billion
2010 53.1 billion 27 billion 80.1 billion
2009 49.8 billion 26.4 billion 76.2 billion
2008 47.5 billion 22.9 billion 70.4 billion
2007 43.5 billion 20 billion 63.5 billion
2006 40.9 billion

Office of the Director of National Intelligence Budget Justifications

National Reconnaissance Office Budget Justifications

National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency Budget Justifications

Military Intelligence Program Budget Justifications

Department of Energy Budget Justifications


Tracing the Rise and Fall of Intelligence Spending

As Portrayed in Official Government Publications

The changes in the total annual budget for the former National Foreign Intelligence Program (which encompassed the budgets of national-level intelligence agencies such as CIA, NRO, NSA, DIA, etc.) from the mid-1960s to the mid-1990s are evident from this bar chart published by Congress in 1993 [1]:



Remarkably, total intelligence funding grew by 125 percent in real (constant dollar) terms from 1980 to 1989, as noted by the Aspin-Brown Commission on intelligence. [2] It declined thereafter, but by the mid-1990s it still remained at a level 80 percent higher than the 1980 figure:



In response to Freedom of Information Act litigation [3], the Director of Central Intelligence declassified the total intelligence budget for the first time: $26.6 billion in fiscal year 1997.

The DCI again declassified the total intelligence budget for fiscal year 1998: $26.7 billion [4].

The upward trend in intelligence spending since 9/11 is clear from this chart produced by the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence and published by the Congressional Joint Inquiry into September 11 [5]:


In 2007, the Director of National Intelligence declassified and disclosed the FY 2007 budget for the National Intelligence Program: $43.5 billion [6].

The FY 2008 budget total for the NIP was officially disclosed in 2008: $47.5 billion [7]. The FY 2009 budget total for the NIP was disclosed in 2009: $49.8 billion [8].

For the first time in FY 2010, the budget totals for the NIP -- $53.1 billion -- and for the Military Intelligence Program (MIP) -- $27 billion -- were both disclosed [9]. Budget totals for the MIP for FY 2007-2009 were also subsequently disclosed [10].

For the first time in 2011, the NIP budget request for the following fiscal year -- $55 billion -- was published [11].

The NIP budget figure for FY2011 was $54.6 billion [12]. The MIP budget for FY2011 was $24 billion [13].

The NIP budget figure for FY2012 was $53.9 billion [14]. The MIP budget for FY2012 was $21.5 billion [15].

Notes

Related Resources

  • U.S. spy network's successes, failures and objectives detailed in 'black budget' summary by Barton Gellman and Greg Miller, Washington Post, August 29, 2013
  • Secret Documents Reveal N.S.A. Campaign Against Encryption, New York Times, September 5, 2013
  • Intelligence Spending and Appropriations: Issues for Congress, Congressional Research Service
  • Congress Mistakenly Publishes Intelligence Budget, Secrecy & Government Bulletin, Issue 41, November 1994
  • FY1995 Intelligence Budget Figures Inadvertently Disclosed, House Appropriations Committee, 1994, with budget totals for TIARA and NFIP
  • $28 Billion Spying Budget is Made Public by Mistake by Tim Weiner, New York Times, November 5, 1994
  • CIA Budget Documents for FY 1955, correspondence between CIA and the Senate Appropriations Committee, from the papers of Sen. Styles Bridges (courtesy of Prof. David Barrett, Villanova University)
  • CIA: Location of Budgeted Funds, Fiscal Year 1953, from the papers of Rep. George Mahon (courtesy of Prof. David Barrett, Villanova University)
  • DIA and NSA Appropriations, Fiscal Year 1972, from the papers of Rep. George Mahon (courtesy of Prof. David Barrett, Villanova University)
  • The U.S. Intelligence Budget: A Basic Overview, Congressional Research Service, September 24, 2004
  • Special Access Programs and the Defense Budget: Understanding the "Black Budget", Congressional Research Service, October 24, 1989
  • Church Committee Report - Excerpt on Disclosure of Budget Information on the Intelligence Community, Final Report of the Select Committee to Study Government Operations with Respect to Intelligence Activities, Book I, 1976

  • http://www.fas.org/irp/budget/
    Maintained by Steven Aftergood