Index



Department of Defense

DIRECTIVE

NUMBER 5240.2

May 22, 1997

ASD(C3I)

SUBJECT:  DoD Counterintelligence (CI) 

References:  (a)  DoD Directive 5240.2, subject as above,
June 6, 1983 (hereby cancelled)

(b)  Executive Order 12333, "United States Intelligence
Activities," December 4, 1981

(c)  Presidential Decision Directive/NSC-24, "U.S. Counterintelligence
Effectiveness," May 3, 1994

(d)  DoD Directive 5137.1, "Assistant Secretary of Defense
for Command, Control, Communications and Intelligence
(ASD(C3I))," February 12, 1992

(e)  through (bb), see enclosure 1

1.  REISSUANCE AND PURPOSE 

This Directive:

1.1.  Reissues reference (a), and implements Section
1.11 of reference (b) as it pertains to the assignment
of CI responsibilities to the Secretary of Defense,
and Section 1.12 of reference (b) as it pertains to
the assignment of responsibilities to the Defense Intelligence
Agency (DIA), National Security Agency (NSA), the Military
Departments, and offices referenced in that section.

1.2.  Integrates DoD CI capabilities and coordination
procedures into a national CI structure under the direction
of the National Security Council (NSC) under reference
(c).

1.3.  Establishes and maintains a comprehensive, integrated,
and coordinated CI effort within the Department of Defense,
pursuant to the responsibilities and authorities assigned
to the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Command, Control,
Communications and Intelligence (ASD(C3I)) in reference
(d).

1.4.  Assigns responsibilities to the DoD Components
for the direction, management, coordination, and control
of CI activities conducted under the authority of references
(b), (d), (e), and this Directive.

1.5.  Establishes the Defense Counterintelligence Board
(DCIB).

2.  APPLICABILITY 

This Directive applies to the Office of the Secretary
of Defense (OSD), the Military Departments, the Chairman
of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the Combatant Commands,
the Defense Agencies, and the DoD Field Activities (hereafter
referred to collectively as "the DoD Components").

3.  DEFINITIONS 

Terms used in this Directive are defined in enclosure
2.

4.  POLICY 

It is DoD policy that:

4.1.  CI activities shall be undertaken to detect, identify,
assess, exploit, and counter or neutralize the intelligence
collection efforts, other intelligence activities, sabotage,
terrorist activities, and assassination efforts of foreign
powers, organizations, or persons directed against the
Department of Defense, its personnel, information, materiel,
facilities and activities.

4.2.  CI activities shall be conducted in accordance
with applicable statutes, E.O. 12333 (reference (b)),
and DoD issuances that govern and establish guidelines
and restrictions for these activities, to include procedures
issued under DoD Directive 5240.1 (reference (f)) that
govern, among other things, CI activities that affect
U.S. persons, as contained in DoD 5240.1-R (reference
(g)).

4.3.  CI activities shall be coordinated and conducted
within the United States in accordance with the Memorandum
of Agreement (MOA) and its supplement between the Attorney
General and the Secretary of Defense (references (h)
and (i)), and outside the United States between the
Secretary of Defense and Director of Central Intelligence
in accordance with the Director of Central Intelligence
Directive 5/1 and its supplement (references (j) and
(k)).

4.4.  Military Department CI elements are under the
command and control of their respective Military Department
Secretaries, so as to carry out their statutory authorities
and responsibilities under 10 U.S.C. 162 (a)(2) (reference
(l)) and 10 U.S.C. 30l3(c)(7), 5013(c)(7), and 8013(c)(7)
(reference (m)). 

4.5.  Combatant Commanders may choose to exercise staff
coordination authority over Military Department CI elements
deployed in an overseas theater.   Staff coordination
authority is intended to encompass deconfliction of
activities and assurance of unity of effort in attaining
the Military Department Secretaries and Combatant Commanderís
objectives relating to CI.   This coordination will
normally be accompanied through the assigned CI Staff
Officer (CISO), as found in DoD Instruction 5240.10
(reference (n)).

4.6.  If a military operation plan or operation order
so specifies, a Combatant Commander or the Combatant
Commanderís designated joint force commander, may, upon
National Command Authority-directed execution, assume
operational control of Military Department CI elements
assigned to support the operation for the duration of
the operation, to include pre-deployment, deployment,
and redeployment phases.   Under this circumstance,
these CI elements come under the Combatant Commanderís
combatant command authority.   However, law enforcement
and CI investigations and attendant matters carried
out by CI elements remain part of the Military Departmentís
administrative responsibilities.   Likewise, for joint
training exercise purposes, the joint force commander
may assume operational control of assigned CI elements
for the purpose and duration of the exercise.

4.7.  The Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense (Intelligence
and Security) (DASD(I&S)) will resolve CI issues, where
a Military Department CI entity and a Combatant Commander
disagree and when one or both appeal the matter through
an appropriate channel to the OSD.

4.8.  CI activities shall be inspected in accordance
with DoD Directive 5148.11 (reference (o)).

4.9.  There shall be a DCIB, as described in enclosure
3.

5.  RESPONSIBILITIES 

5.1.  The Assistant Secretary of Defense for Command,
Control, Communications, and Intelligence shall delegate
to the DASD(I&S) the authority to act for the ASD(C3I)
in carrying out CI responsibilities assigned by DoD
Directive 5137.1 (reference (d)), as follows:

5.1.1.  The DASD(I&S) shall:

5.1.1.1.  Oversee development and management of the
DoD Foreign CI Program.

5.1.1.2.  Establish and monitor management procedures
to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of CI and
resource management.

5.1.1.3.  Serve as the OSD Tactical Intelligence and
Related Activities (TIARA) Functional Manager for CI
programs.

5.1.1.4.  Serve as the Functional Manager for information
management matters related to designated CI systems.

5.1.1.5.  Represent DoD CI interests on the National
CI Policy Board (NACIPB) under PDD/NSC-24 (reference
(c)), when necessary.

5.1.1.6.  Delegate to the Director, CI, the following
authority and functions:

5.1.1.6.1.  Develop DoD CI policy and exercise policy
supervision and management of DoD CI programs and activities
as defined in this Directive.

5.1.1.6.2.  Act as program manager for DoD FCIP resources,
which include resources for the Military Departments,
On-Site Inspection Agency (OSIA), DIA, and Defense Investigation
Service (DIS).

5.1.1.6.3.  Serve as functional CI manager to include
reviewing and monitoring the progress and effectiveness
of CI investigations, offensive operations, collection,
analysis and production.   Conduct or provide for the
conduct of inspections of DoD CI Components; staff oversight
of DoD CI components and resolve conflicts between those
components; and assign special tasks to the DoD Components
as may be necessary to accomplish DoD CI objectives.

5.1.1.6.4.  Chair the DCIB.

5.1.1.6.5.  Coordinate DoD CI programs and activities
with other U.S. Government organizations.

5.1.1.6.6.  Ensure adequate CI support is provided to
the DoD Components, as necessary, to include support
to Special Access Programs and support to Human Intelligence
(HUMINT).

5.1.1.6.7.  Support the DASD(I&S) role as the TIARA
Functional Manager in areas relating to CI.

5.1.1.6.8.  Support the DASD(I&S) role as the Functional
Manager for the Defense CI Information System.

5.1.1.6.9.  Be the U.S. National CI Advisor to the Allied
Command Europe, for the purposes of consultation and
coordination of policy matters.

5.1.1.6.10.  Support or provide DoD representation on
the National CI Policy Board, National CI Operations
Board, Operations Chiefs Working Group, Investigations
Working Group and representation to other national-level
CI agencies in accordance with PDD/NSC-24 (reference
(c)); and represent the ASD(C3I) on the Secretary's
Board on Investigations in accordance with DoD Directive
5105.59 (reference (p)).

5.1.1.6.11.  Approve or refer to the NSC or NACIPB operations
or other CI matters that involve significant policy
issues.

5.1.2.  The Director, DIA, shall:

5.1.2.1.  Conduct analysis and production on foreign
intelligence and terrorist threats to meet customer
needs within Department of Defense, and contribute to
national products of these types as appropriate, in
accordance with E.O. 12333 (reference (b)), and within
the scope of assigned responsibilities and functions
of DIA as described in DoD Directive 5105.21 (reference
(q)).

5.1.2.2.  Coordinate the CI production programs of all
DoD CI components as requested by the Director of CI.

5.1.2.3.  Provide CI analytic, production, and database
support to the Services as requested.

5.1.2.4.  Serve as the DoD CI Collection Requirements
Manager as requested by the Director of CI.

5.1.2.5.  Provide CI staff support to the Chairman of
the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the Combatant Commanders
as requested by the Director of CI and in conformance
with DoD Instruction 5240.10 (reference (n)).

5.1.2.6.  Provide CI staff support to the DoD HUMINT
Manager as described in DoD Directive 5200.37 (reference
(r)) and ensure CI support is provided to the DoD HUMINT
collection program.

5.1.2.7.  Develop, implement and maintain intelligence
and CI capabilities designed to assist Commanders in
the protection of DoD personnel and facilities from
terrorism, in accordance with DoD Directive 0-2000.12
(reference (s)).

5.1.2.8.  Conduct threat and vulnerability analysis
and support decisions by commanders or program managers
in the implementation of appropriate Operations Security
(OPSEC) measures in accordance with DoD Directive 5205.2
(reference (t)).

5.1.2.9.  Assess and provide information systems security
threat and vulnerability information to support information
operations requirements.

5.1.2.10.  Participate on DoD, national, international,
and interdepartmental boards, committees, and other
organizations involving CI as requested by the Director
of CI.

5.1.3.  The Director, DIS, shall:

5.1.3.1.  Integrate CI principles and experience into
the DIS security countermeasures missions, which consist
of conducting personnel security investigations and
serving as the cognizant DoD security authority for
the National Industrial Security Program, pursuant to
E.O. 12829 (reference (u)).

5.1.3.2.  Assist the defense industry in the recognition
and reporting of foreign contacts and collection attempts,
and the application of threat-appropriate security countermeasures.

5.1.3.3.  Provide pertinent information on the defense
industry to support the production of multidisciplinary
intelligence threat analyses as required.

5.1.3.4.  Assist the Military Departmentsí CI organizations
in the protection of critical DoD technologies.

5.1.3.5.  Perform those CI-related responsibilities
assigned by the OSD, to include the investigative support
to the DoD Components (exclusive of Military Departments)
relative to unauthorized disclosures of classified information
to the public in accordance with DoD Directive 5210.50
(reference (v)).

5.1.3.6.  Participate on national, international, and
interdepartmental boards, committees, and other organizations
as requested by the Director of CI.

5.1.4.  The Command, Control, Communications, Computers
and Intelligence Integration Support Activity shall:

5.1.4.1.  Provide CI programmatic analysis and expertise
to ASD(C3I) and DASD(I&S) in accordance with DoD Directive
5100.81 (reference (w)), to include consolidation of
Military Department and Defense Agency Foreign CI Program
submissions and participation in Congressional Budget
Justification Book production.

5.1.4.2.  Support planning for CI capabilities, communications,
and architectures.

5.2.  The Secretaries of the Military Departments shall:

5.2.1.  Provide for the conduct, direction, management,
coordination, and control of CI activities as outlined
in paragraphs 5.2.2. through 5.2.11., below; E.O. 12333
(reference (b)); 10 U.S.C. 3013, 5013, 8013 (reference
(m)); 10 U.S.C. 535 (reference (x)); Pub. L. 99-145
(1985), Section 1223. (reference (y)); and DoD Instruction
5505.3 (reference (z)).

5.2.2.  Conduct CI investigations of Active and Reserve
military personnel and, as provided for in agreements
with the Attorney General (references (h) and (i)),
DoD civilian employees, who may be subject to judicial
and/or administrative action under applicable Federal
law and regulations, including the Uniform Code of Military
Justice, 10 U.S.C. 801-940 (reference (aa)).

5.2.3.  Conduct CI operations against foreign intelligence
services and organizations.

5.2.4.  Collect, process, exploit and report information
of CI significance to satisfy validated national and
tactical CI collection requirements.

5.2.5.  Conduct CI analysis focusing on support to DoD
CI operations and investigations, military operations
and force protection, security countermeasures, and
national policy and programs.

5.2.6.  Produce CI assessments, studies, estimates,
and other finished products, to support U.S. military
commanders, the Department of Defense, and the U.S.
Intelligence Community.

5.2.7.  Develop, implement and maintain antiterrorism
programs designed to assist Commanders in the protection
of DoD personnel and facilities, in accordance with
DoD Directive O-2000.12 (reference (s)).

5.2.8.  Conduct threat and vulnerability analysis and
support decisions by commanders or program managers
in the implementation of appropriate OPSEC measures
in accordance with DoD Directive 5205.2 (reference (t)).

5.2.9.  Assess and provide information systems security
threat and vulnerability information to support information
operations requirements.

5.2.10.  Prescribe regulations providing to their military
investigative organizations the authority to initiate,
conduct, delay, suspend or terminate investigations
and ensure Commanders outside those specified CI military
organizations do not impede the use of military techniques
permissible under law or regulation.

5.2.11.  Maintain, operate, and manage their respective
CI components, in accordance with the authorities and
responsibilities assigned by this Directive, and provide
personnel, equipment, and facilities that CI missions
require.

5.2.12.  Establish Military Department plans, programs,
policies, and procedures to accomplish authorized CI
functions.

5.2.13.  Establish and maintain a worldwide CI capability
for the purposes outlined in paragraphs 5.2.2. through
5.2.11., above.

5.2.14.  Develop CI techniques, methods, and equipment
required for CI activities and provide basic and specialized
training to CI personnel.

5.2.15.  Provide CI support to the Combatant Commands,
other DoD Components, U.S. Government organizations,
and foreign CI and security agencies as provided for
in this Directive.

5.2.16.  Inform periodically the Combatant Commanders
on CI investigations and operations through the appropriate
CI entity and in coordination with the command CISO
to fulfill briefing requirements set forth in this Directive
and DoD Instruction 5240.10 (reference (n)).

5.2.17.  Submit CI operational and investigative data
and prepare CI analyses as required by the Director
for CI.

5.2.18.  Establish and maintain liaison with U.S. and
foreign CI, security, and law enforcement agencies in
accordance with policies formulated in E.O. 12333 (reference
(b)); the MOA and its supplement between the Attorney
General and Secretary of Defense (references (h) and
(i)); DCID 5/1 (reference (j)) and the CIA/DoD MOA (reference
(k)); and coordinate Military Department programs and
activities with other U.S. Government organizations.

5.2.19.  Participate on DoD, national, international,
and interdepartmental boards, committees, and other
organizations involving CI as requested by the Director
for CI.

5.3.  The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff shall
integrate, where appropriate, CI support into all joint
planning, programs, systems, exercises, doctrine, strategies,
policies, and architectures.

5.4.  The Commanders of the Combatant Commands shall
integrate, where appropriate, CI support into all command
planning, programs, systems, exercises, doctrine, strategies,
policies, and architectures.

5.5.  The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition
and Technology shall ensure that the Director, OSIA,
shall:

5.5.1.  Provide for the internal security of OSIA's
inspection, escort, and portal monitoring teams.

5.5.2.  Participate in the production of multidisciplinary
intelligence threat analyses as required.

5.5.3.  Participate on national, international and interdepartmental
boards, committees, and other organizations involving
CI as required by the Director of CI.

5.6.  The Director, National Security Agency/Chief,
Central Security Service shall:

5.6.1.  Collect, process, and disseminate signals intelligence
information for CI purposes.

5.6.2.  Participate in the production of multidisciplinary
intelligence threat analyses, as required.

5.6.3.  Participate on national, international, and
interdepartmental boards, committees, and other organizations
involving CI as requested by the Director for CI.

5.7.  The Director, National Reconnaissance Office,
shall:

5.7.1.  Utilize its systems to support CI activities
and requirements.

5.7.2.  Support the production of multidisciplinary
intelligence threat analyses as required.

5.7.3.  Participate on DoD, national, and interdepartmental
boards, committees, and other organizations involving
CI as requested by the Director of CI.

5.8.  The Heads of the Other DoD Components shall:

5.8.1.  Refer to the applicable Military Department
CI Agency any CI information involving military personnel
assigned to their Components for investigation and disposition.
  Refer reported CI information involving civilian employees
employed by their Component in the United States to
their servicing Military Department CI Agency and, when
overseas, to the Military Department responsible for
providing administrative and logistical support, in
accordance with DoD Directive 5240.6 (reference (bb)).

5.8.2.  Contact the nearest Military Department CI Agency
office for guidance should a question arise as where
to refer reported CI information.

6.  EFFECTIVE DATE 

This Directive is effective immediately.

Enclosures - 3 

1.  References

2.  Definitions

3.  Defense CI Board

E1.  ENCLOSURE 1

REFERENCES, continued

(e)  Title 10, United States Code, "Armed Forces"

(f)  DoD Directive 5240.1, "DoD Intelligence Activities,"
April 25, 1988

(g)  DoD 5240.1-R, "Activities of DoD Intelligence Components
that Affect United States Persons," December 1982, authorized
by DoD Directive 5240.1, April 24, 1988

(h)  "Agreement Governing the Conduct of Defense Department
Counterintelligence Activities in Conjunction with the
Federal Bureau of Investigation," between the Attorney
General and the Secretary of Defense, April 5, 1979

(i)  Supplement to 1979 FBI/DoD Memorandum of Understanding:
 "Coordination of Counterintelligence Matters Between
FBI and DoD," June 3 and June 20, 1996

(j)  Director of Central Intelligence Directive 5/1,
"Espionage and Counterintelligence Activities Abroad,"
December 19, 1984

(k)  Memorandum of Agreement Between the Central Intelligence
Agency and the Department of Defense regarding counter
intelligence activities abroad, February 3, 1995

(l)  Section 162 et seq. of title 10, United States
Code

(m)  Sections 3013, 5013, and 8013 of title 10, United
States Code

(n)  DoD Instruction 5240.10, "DoD Counterintelligence
Support to Unified and Specified Commands," May 18,
1990

(o)  DoD Directive 5148.11, "Assistant to the Secretary
of Defense for Intelligence Oversight," July 1, 1992

(p)  DoD Directive 5105.59, "The Secretary's Board on
Investigations," September 25, 1995

(q)  DoD Directive 5105.21, "Defense Intelligence Agency,"
May 19, 1977

(r)  DoD Directive 5200.37, "Centralized Management
of the Department of Defense Human Intelligence (HUMINT)
Operations," December 18, 1992

(s)  DoD Directive O-2000.12, "DoD Combating Terrorism
Program," September 15, 1996

(t)  DoD Directive 5205.2, "DoD Operations Security
Program," July 7, 1983

(u)  Executive Order 12829, "National Industrial Security
Program," January 6, 1993

(v)  DoD Directive 5210.50, "Unauthorized Disclosure
of Classified Information to the Public," February 27,
1992

(w)  DoD Directive 5100.81, "Department of Defense Support
Activities," December 5, 1991

(x)  Section 535 of title 10, United States Code

(y)  Section 1223 of Public Law 99-145, "Authority for
Independent Criminal Investigations by Navy and Air
Force Investigative Units," November 8, 1985

(z)  DoD Instruction 5505.3, "Initiation of Investigations
by Military Criminal Investigative Organizations," July
11, 1986

(aa)  Sections 801-940 of title 10, United States Code,
"Uniform Code of Military Justice"

(bb)  DoD Directive 5240.6, "Counterintelligence Awareness
and Briefing Program," July 16, 1996

E2.  ENCLOSURE 2

DEFINITIONS

E2.1.1.  Counterintelligence (CI).   Information gathered
and activities conducted to protect against espionage,
other intelligence activities, sabotage or assassinations
conducted by or on behalf of foreign governments or
elements thereof, foreign organizations, or foreign
persons, or international terrorist activities.

E2.1.2.  Counterintelligence (CI) Analysis.   CI analysis
is the function of assimilating, evaluating, and interpreting
information about areas of CI proponency and responsibility.
   Information derived from all available sources is
considered and integrated in the analytical process.

E2.1.3.  Counterintelligence (CI) Collection.   The
systematic acquisition of information concerning espionage,
sabotage, terrorism, and related foreign activities
conducted for or on behalf of foreign nations, entities,
organizations, or persons and that are directed against
or threaten DoD interests.

E2.1.4.  Counterintelligence (CI) Investigation.   Includes
inquiries and other activities undertaken to determine
whether a particular person is acting for, or on behalf
of, a foreign power for espionage, treason, spying,
sedition, subversion, sabotage, assassinations, international
terrorist activities, and actions to neutralize such
acts.

E2.1.5.  Counterintelligence (CI) Operation.   Actions
taken against foreign intelligence services to counter
espionage and other clandestine intelligence activities
damaging to the national security.

E2.1.6.  Counterintelligence (CI) Production.   The
process of analyzing all source information developed
into final product and disseminated--irrespective of
media--concerning espionage, other foreign intelligence
collection threats, sabotage, terrorism, and other related
threats, to U.S. military commanders, the Department
of Defense, and the U.S. intelligence community.

E2.1.7.  Counterintelligence (CI) Support to DoD HUMINT.
  The application of CI information, knowledge, and
experience to prevent foreign intelligence or security
services from detecting, neutralizing, or controlling
DoD HUMINT plans and operations.

E2.1.8.  Military Department Counterintelligence (CI)
Agency.   The Military Department CI Agencies include
Army CI, the Naval Criminal Investigative Service, and
the Air Force Office of Special Investigations.

E3.  ENCLOSURE 3

DEFENSE COUNTERINTELLIGENCE (CI) BOARD

E3.1.  ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT 

E3.1.1.  The DCIB shall be convened and chaired by the
Director of CI, Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary
of Defense (Intelligence and Security).   The DCIB membership
shall include representatives from the OSD; Senior Deputy
General Counsel (International Affairs and Intelligence);
the Assistant to the Secretary of Defense (Intelligence
Oversight); one representative from each of the Military
Department CI Agencies; the Defense Investigative Service
(DIS), the On-Site Inspection Agency (OSIA); and the
Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA).   Associate DCIB
members are the National Security Agency/Central Security
Service (NSA/CSS); the National Reconnaissance Office
(NRO); Marine Corps Counterintelligence/Human Intelligence
(HUMINT) Branch; Joint Staff, J-38/IW Special Technical
Operations Division/TSB; DIAís Joint CI Support Branch;
Counterintelligence Support Officers (CISOs), as described
in DoD Instruction 5240.10 (reference (n)); and a representative
of the C4I Integration Support Activity (CISA).

E3.1.2.  The DCIB shall be supported by subcommittees
or panels, with participation from those organizations
represented on the DCIB.   The subcommittee and panel
chairs shall be appointed by the Chair, DCIB.

E3.2.  FUNCTIONS 

E3.2.1.  The DCIB shall advise and assist the DASD(I&S)
on CI matters within the purview of E.O. 12333 (reference
(b)), PDD/NSC-24 (reference (c)), and this Directive;
e.g., overseeing the implementation of CI policy; advising
on the need for and allocation of CI resources; monitoring
and evaluating support functions, such as automated
data processing; carrying out specific tasks as outlined
by the Chair; and reviewing and evaluating reforms of
CI entities, to include functional consolidation, integration,
and collocation.

E3.2.2.  The DCIB membership will coordinate their respective
CI activities, under the guidance of the DCIB Chairman.