ALMAR 100/95

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Date signed: 03/24/95 ALMAR Number: 100/95

R 240040Z MAR 95 ZYB
FM CMC WASHINGTON DC//C4I/M-RA//
TO ALMAR
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***THIS IS A 3 PART MSG COLLATED BY MDS***
UNCLAS //N03800//
ALMAR 100/95
MSGID/GENADMIN//
SUBJ/PROGRAM TO IMPROVE MARINE CORPS INTELLIGENCE//
REF/A/GENADMIN/CMC/301200ZSEP94//
AMPN/REF A IS ALMAR 301-94, RESTRICTED OFFICER PROGRAM STUDY (ROPS)//
RMKS/1. PURPOSE. IN RECOGNITION OF THE INCREASINGLY CRUCIAL
ROLE INTELLIGENCE PLAYS ON THE MODERN BATTLEFIELD, THE SENIOR
LEADERSHIP OF THE MARINE CORPS HAS MADE A COMMITMENT TO PROVIDE
THE RESOURCES NECESSARY TO SIGNIFICANTLY ENHANCE MARINE CORPS
INTELLIGENCE CAPABILITIES. THIS ALMAR OUTLINES THE PROGRAM THAT
WAS APPROVED BY THE ASSISTANT COMMANDANT OF THE MARINE CORPS ON
2 MARCH 1994. CHANGES TO TABLES OF ORGANIZATION, PROGRAMMING OF
TRAINING, AND BUDGETING ACTIONS WHICH BEGAN IMPLEMENTATION ON 1
OCT 94 HAVE BEEN COMPLETED.
2. BACKGROUND. POST DESERT STORM ANALYSES, CONDUCTED BY
ELEMENTS BOTH INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL TO THE MARINE CORPS,
IDENTIFIED THE FOLLOWING SIX FUNDAMENTAL DEFICIENCIES:
- INADEQUATE DOCTRINAL FOUNDATION
- NO DEFINED CAREER PROGRESSION FOR INTELLIGENCE OFFICERS
- INSUFFICIENT TACTICAL INTELLIGENCE SUPPORT
- INSUFFICIENT JOINT MANNING
- INSUFFICIENT LANGUAGE CAPABILITY
- INADEQUATE IMAGERY CAPABILITY
THE FOLLOWING PARAGRAPHS ADDRESS SOLUTIONS CURRENTLY BEING
IMPLEMENTED TO OVERCOME THESE DEFICIENCIES.
3. DOCTRINAL FOUNDATION
A. A FUNCTIONAL CONCEPT FOR INTELLIGENCE HAS BEEN DEVELOPED
WHICH WILL DRIVE THE MARINE CORPS COMBAT DEVELOPMENT PROCESS
(CDP) AND PROVIDE A BASIS FOR DOCTRINE DEVELOPMENT.
B. MISSION. PROVIDE COMMANDERS, AT EVERY LEVEL, WITH
TAILORED, TIMELY, MINIMUM ESSENTIAL INTELLIGENCE, AND ENSURE
THAT THIS INTELLIGENCE IS INTEGRATED INTO THE OPERATIONAL
PLANNING PROCESS.
C. PRINCIPLES. THESE PRINCIPLES ARE ESSENTIAL IN ENSURING
EFFECTIVE INTELLIGENCE SUPPORT TO OPERATIONS. THEY FORM THE
FOUNDATION UPON WHICH THE PROGRAM HAS BEEN BUILT.
(1) THE FOCUS IS TACTICAL INTELLIGENCE.
(2) THE INTELLIGENCE FOCUS MUST BE DOWNWARD.
(3) INTELLIGENCE DRIVES OPERATIONS.
(4) THE INTELLIGENCE EFFORT MUST BE DIRECTED AND MANAGED
BY A MULTI-DISCIPLINE TRAINED AND EXPERIENCED INTELLIGENCE
OFFICER.
(5) INTELLIGENCE STAFFS USE INTELLIGENCE - INTELLIGENCE
ORGANIZATIONS PRODUCE INTELLIGENCE.
(6) THE INTELLIGENCE PRODUCT MUST BE TIMELY AND TAILORED
TO BOTH THE UNIT AND ITS MISSION.
(7) THE LAST STEP IN THE INTELLIGENCE CYCLE IS
UTILIZATION - NOT DISSEMINATION.
4. NO DEFINED CAREER PROGRESSION FOR INTELLIGENCE OFFICERS
A. UNDER THIS PROGRAM, THE INTELLIGENCE OFFICER
OCCUPATIONAL FIELD HAS UNDERGONE EXTENSIVE CHANGE. THE LACK OF
INTEGRATION BETWEEN SEPARATE OFFICER MOS'S (0202, 0210, 2602)
WITHIN THE MARINE CORPS INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY HAS RESULTED IN
THE LACK OF MULTI-DISCIPLINE INTELLIGENCE MANAGERS AT THE SENIOR
LEVEL. ADDITIONALLY, THE ABSENCE OF A PROPERLY SHAPED OFFICER
OCCFLD STRUCTURE HAS RESULTED IN OVER-RELIANCE ON LATERAL MOVES
AT THE CAPT LEVEL AND PRODUCED CHRONIC PERSONNEL SHORTAGES AT
THE MAJ THROUGH COL LEVEL.
B. THE NEW PROGRAM HAS SIGNIFICANTLY REDUCED THE
REQUIREMENT FOR LATERAL MOVES. T/O RATIONALIZATION, INCREASED
OFFICER STRUCTURE, AND GRADE SHAPING HAVE PRODUCED A GREATER
REQUIREMENT FOR LIEUTENANTS TO BE ACCESSED DIRECTLY FROM TBS
INTO ONE OF FOUR NEW ENTRY-LEVEL TRAINING TRACKS. THE FOUR
ENTRY-LEVEL MOS'S SERVE AS FEEDERS FOR MOS 0202 - MAGTF
INTELLIGENCE OFFICER. THE NEW INTELLIGENCE MOS'S ARE AS FOLLOWS:
(1) 0203 - GROUND INTELLIGENCE OFFICER. OFFICERS
ASSIGNED THIS MOS WILL ATTEND THE INFANTRY OFFICER COURSE (10
WEEKS) AT QUANTICO FOLLOWED BY THE 19 WEEK MILITARY INTELLIGENCE
OFFICER BASIC COURSE (MIOBC) AT THE U.S. ARMY INTELLIGENCE
CENTER, FT HUACHUCA, AZ. 2NDLT 0203 BILLETS ARE LOCATED WITHIN
EACH INFANTRY BATTALION (SCOUT/SNIPER PLATOON COMMANDER) AND
REGIMENTAL AND DIVISION RECONNAISSANCE PLATOONS (PLATOON
COMMANDERS).
(2) 0204 - HUMAN INTELLIGENCE OFFICER. 0204 OFFICERS
WILL ATTEND THE HUMAN INTELLIGENCE OFFICER COURSE BEING
DEVELOPED AT THE NAVY/MARINE CORPS INTELLIGENCE TRAINING CENTER
(NMITC), DAMNECK, VA. 2NDLT 0204 BILLETS ARE ALL LOCATED WITHIN
THE HUMAN INTELLIGENCE COMPANIES BEING FORMED AT EACH MEF.
(3) 0206 - SIGNALS INTELLIGENCE/GROUND ELECTRONIC
WARFARE OFFICER. UNRESTRICTED OFFICERS IN THIS MOS (CURRENTLY
2602'S) ATTEND THE 18 WEEK BASIC COMMUNICATIONS OFFICER COURSE
(BCOC), QUANTICO, VA AND THE 15 WEEK CRYPTOLOGIC DIVISION
OFFICERS COURSE (CDOC), NAVAL TECHNICAL TRAINING CENTER, CORRY
STATION, PENSACOLA, FL. THIS HEADQUARTERS IS CURRENTLY
REVIEWING THE 0206 TRAINING PIPELINE IN ORDER TO ELIMINATE
REDUNDANT INSTRUCTION AND ADD MARINE SIGINT/EW UNIQUE TRAINING
REQUIRED TO SATISFY REVISED 0206 INDIVIDUAL TRAINING STANDARDS.
2NDLT 0206 BILLETS ARE LOCATED WITHIN EACH RADIO BATTALION
(PLATOON COMMANDERS).
(4) 0207 - AVIATION INTELLIGENCE OFFICER. OFFICERS
ASSIGNED THIS MOS WILL ATTEND THE 19 WEEK NAVAL INTELLIGENCE
OFFICER BASIC COURSE (NIOBC) AT THE NAVY-MARINE INTELLIGENCE
TRAINING CENTER (NMITC). 2NDLT 0207 BILLETS ARE LOCATED WITHIN
THE MARINE AIRCRAFT WINGS (COLLECTION AND DISSEMINATION
OFFICERS).
C. ONCE SELECTED FOR CAPTAIN AND AUGMENTED (BEGINNING IN
FY96 ALL OFFICERS WILL RECEIVE A RESERVE COMMISSION) IT IS
INTENDED THAT ALL OFFICERS FROM THESE ENTRY-LEVEL TRACKS WILL BE
AWARDED MOS 0202, MAGTF INTELLIGENCE OFFICER AFTER COMPLETION OF
A MAGTF INTELLIGENCE OFFICER COURSE. THIS COURSE IS CURRENTLY
UNDER DEVELOPMENT. DETAILS ON THE COURSE WILL BE ANNOUNCED AT A
LATER DATE VIA ALMAR. NEWLY DESIGNATED MAGTF INTELLIGENCE
OFFICERS (MOS 0202) WILL RETAIN THEIR ENTRY-LEVEL MOS AS AN
ADDITIONAL MOS AND CAN EXPECT TO DO TOURS IN ANY OF THE FOUR
INTELLIGENCE DISCIPLINES (AVIATION, GROUND, HUMINT, SIGINT)
THROUGHOUT THE REMAINDER OF THEIR CAREER.
D. AS PART OF THIS RESTRUCTURE OF THE INTELLIGENCE OFFICER
COMMUNITY, ALL 0205 AND 0260 WARRANT OFFICER BILLETS ARE BEING
DELETED, CONVERTED TO UNRESTRICTED OFFICER BILLETS, OR CONVERTED
TO SNCO BILLETS. THIS TRANSITION WILL BE COMPLETED FY97.
E. MOS 0210, CURRENTLY A WARRANT OFFICER AND LIMITED DUTY
OFFICER MOS, WILL BECOME A CATEGORY III (WARRANT OFFICER) MOS.
SINCE THERE ARE CURRENTLY INSUFFICIENT UNRESTRICTED OFFICERS
WITH THE TRAINING AND EXPERIENCE NECESSARY TO FILL CURRENT FIELD
GRADE 0210 BILLETS, THIS TRANSITION WILL TAKE PLACE OVER THE
NEXT 10 - 12 YEARS.
F. LATERAL MOVES AND CAREER BROADENING TOURS
(1) LATERAL MOVES. REQUESTS FOR LATERAL MOVES FROM
OFFICERS NOT CURRENTLY OR PREVIOUSLY PARTICIPATING IN CAREER
BROADENING TOURS IN THE INTELLIGENCE FIELD WILL NOT BE
CONSIDERED UNTIL FY96. OFFICERS WHO ARE CURRENTLY SERVING OR
HAVE COMPLETED A CAREER BROADENING TOUR IN INTELLIGENCE CAN
REQUEST A LATERAL MOVE INTO THE INTELLIGENCE FIELD.
(2) CAREER BROADENING TOURS. REVIEW THE SEMIANNUAL
MCBUL 1210 FOR CAREER BROADENING TOUR INFORMATION.
5. INSUFFICIENT TACTICAL INTEL SUPPORT. UNDER THIS PROGRAM,
THE MARINE CORPS WILL ENHANCE TACTICAL INTELLIGENCE SUPPORT BY
INCREASING S-2/G-2 STAFFS, ESTABLISHING AT EACH MEF A HUMAN
INTELLIGENCE COMPANY, AND CREATING DIRECT SUPPORT TEAMS AT EACH
MSC.
A. UNITS SUBORDINATE TO DIVISION/WING ARE INADEQUATELY
STAFFED TO PROCESS AND INTEGRATE INTO THE OPERATIONAL PLANNING
PROCESS INTELLIGENCE PRODUCTS RECEIVED FROM THE MAGTF ALL SOURCE
FUSION CENTER (MAFC). IN ORDER TO CORRECT THIS, THE NUMBER OF
INTELLIGENCE PERSONNEL ASSIGNED TO REGIMENTS, AIRCRAFT GROUPS
AND INFANTRY BATTALIONS HAS BEEN INCREASED.
B. DIRECT SUPPORT TEAMS (DST'S) WILL BE ORGANIC TO EACH OF
THE MSC'S AND ALSO LOCATED AT THE MEF. THE TEAMS WILL SERVE AS
A CONDUIT BETWEEN SUPPORTED UNITS AND THE MAGTF ALL-SOURCE
FUSION CENTER (MAFC). THE DST WILL TAILOR THE MAFC INTELLIGENCE
PRODUCTS SPECIFICALLY FOR THE MISSION OF THE UNIT BEING
SUPPORTED.
C. AT EACH MEF, A HUMINT COMPANY WILL BE FORMED BY
CONSOLIDATING EXISTING COUNTER-INTELLIGENCE TEAMS AND
INTERROGATION PLATOONS.
6. INSUFFICIENT JOINT MANNING. ALL JOINT AND EXTERNAL BILLETS
FOR MARINE INTELLIGENCE OFFICERS ARE BEING REVIEWED.
ADDITIONALLY, THE PROGRAM PROVIDES ADDITIONAL STRUCTURE TO
SUPPORT VALIDATED EXTERNAL REQUIREMENTS THAT WERE NOT BEING
MANNED DUE TO MANPOWER SHORTAGES IN THE INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY.
7. INSUFFICIENT LANGUAGE CAPABILITY
A. SEVERAL INITIATIVES ARE UNDERWAY TO ENSURE MARINES,
WHOSE MOS REQUIRES LANGUAGE PROFICIENCY (0251, 267X), ARE
PROPERLY USED. IMPROVING THE PERFORMANCE OF MARINE LINGUISTS
REQUIRES A COORDINATED APPROACH TO LINGUIST DEVELOPMENT AND
RETENTION, AN EMPHASIS ON GLOBAL LANGUAGE SKILLS, AND COMMAND
LANGUAGE PROGRAMS. ONGOING INITIATIVES INCLUDE TRAINING THROUGH
THE IN-COUNTRY LANGUAGE PROFICIENCY TRAINING PROGRAM AND THE
CRYPTOLOGIC ADVANCED STUDIES PROGRAM, INCREASED ASSIGNMENTS TO
INTERMEDIATE LANGUAGE TRAINING, AND A RESTRUCTURING OF COMMAND
LANGUAGE PROGRAMS TO STREAMLINE SUPPORT TO UNITS ASSIGNED
MILITARY LINGUISTS.
B. AMOS 8611, INTERPRETER. TO ENSURE THAT 0251 AND 267X
LINGUISTS ARE USED IN THEIR PRIMARY ROLE WHILE AT THE SAME TIME
MEETING MARINE CORPS COMMANDERS' NEEDS FOR INTERPRETERS AND
TRANSLATORS, MARINES OUTSIDE THE INTELLIGENCE OCCUPATIONAL FIELD
WHO POSSESS LANGUAGE SKILLS ARE BEING IDENTIFIED AND TESTED.
THE OBJECTIVE OF THIS PROGRAM IS TO IDENTIFY AND EVALUATE NATIVE
SPEAKERS OF LOW DENSITY LANGUAGES; I.E., LANGUAGES OTHER THAN
FRENCH, GERMAN, AND SPANISH. THESE MARINES WOULD BE AWARDED THE
ADDITIONAL MOS 8611, INTERPRETER. THE DIRINT IS ALSO SEEKING
AUTHORITY TO PAY FOREIGN LANGUAGE PROFICIENCY PAY (FLPP) TO
NON-INTEL MARINES (AMOS 8611) PROFICIENT IN LANGUAGES CRITICAL
TO THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE. TESTING REQUIREMENTS AND
PROFICIENCY PAY ARE THE SAME AS FOR MARINES IN INTELLIGENCE
SPECIALTIES.
C. RESERVES. THESE INITIATIVES APPLY TO THE TOTAL FORCE IN
ORDER TO TAKE ADVANTAGE OF EXISTING CAPABILITIES IN THE RESERVE
FORCE. THE MARINE CORPS IS SUPPORTING AN INITIATIVE TO INCREASE
FLPP FOR QUALIFIED RESERVISTS.
8. INADEQUATE IMAGERY CAPABILITY. MARINE CORPS IMAGERY
COLLECTION, PROCESSING, DISSEMINATION, AND UTILIZATION WILL BE
ADDRESSED BY THIS HEADQUARTERS IN A SEPARATE MESSAGE WITHIN THE
NEXT TWO MONTHS. THE MESSAGE WILL INCLUDE RECENT
IMAGERY-RELATED POLICY DECISIONS, THE LATEST INFORMATION ON
CURRENT AND NEW COLLECTION PLATFORMS, JOINT SERVICE IMAGERY
PROCESSING SYSTEM (JSIPS), THE MARINE CORPS IMAGERY SUPPORT
UNIT, PLANNED DISSEMINATION ARCHITECTURE, AND IMAGERY RELATED
TENCAP INITIATIVES INCLUDING THE S-BAND IMAGERY ALTERNATIVE
DISSEMINATION PROGRAM (CHARIOT).
9. IMPLEMENTATION SCHEDULE
A. IMPLEMENTATION OF THE STRUCTURE CHANGES WAS APPROVED BY
THE FORCE STRUCTURE WORKING GROUP (FSWG) ON 25 MAY 94. INITIAL
STRUCTURE CHANGES BEGAN 1 OCT 94. DUE TO THE SIGNIFICANT AMOUNT
OF CHANGES REQUIRED, FULL IMPLEMENTATION WILL NOT BE COMPLETED
UNTIL FY99. THE MANNING LEVEL OF THIS INCREASED STRUCTURE WILL
BE COMMENSURATE WITH THE OVERALL MANNING LEVEL OF THE FLEET
MARINE FORCE. THE ACTUAL STAFFING OF THIS INCREASED STRUCTURE
WILL BE ACCOMPLISHED AS THE MARINE CORPS ACCESSESS AND TRAINS
THE REQUIRED NUMBER OF PERSONNEL.
B. THE FOLLOWING UNITS WILL STAND UP AS INDICATED:
(1) DIRECT SUPPORT TEAMS
I MEF 10 TEAMS FY96
II MEF 10 TEAMS FY97
III MEF 07 TEAMS FY98
(2) HUMINT COMPANIES
I MEF FY97
II MEF FY98
III MEF FY99
C. COURSES COMPRISING THE ENTRY LEVEL TRAINING TRACKS FOR
MOS 0203 (GROUND), 0204 (HUMINT), AND 0207 (AVIATION) WILL
COMMENCE DURING FY95. 0203 AND 0207 LIEUTENANTS ARE ALREADY
ATTENDING THEIR RESPECTIVE COURSES AND THE FIRST HUMINT OFFICER
COURSE WILL COMMENCE IN AUG 95. IT IS ANTICIPATED THAT ANY
REVISIONS NECESSARY FOR THE 0206 (SIGINT) ENTRY-LEVEL TRAINING
PIPELINE WILL BE MADE DURING FY96. UNTIL THEN, 0206 LIEUTENANTS
WILL CONTINUE TO ATTEND THE BASIC COMMUNICATIONS OFFICER COURSE
(BCOC) AND THE CRYPTOLOGIC DIVISION OFFICER COURSE (CDOC).
D. DURING 2ND QTR OF CY95, OFFICERS IN THE RANK OF CAPTAIN
AND ABOVE CURRENTLY ASSIGNED PMOS 2602 WILL BE ASSIGNED THE PMOS
0202 AND THE AMOS 0206. LIEUTENANTS CURRENTLY ASSIGNED PMOS
2602 WILL BE ASSIGNED THE PMOS OF 0206. THE PMOS FOR 2602 WO'S
WILL NOT CHANGE; MOS 2602 WILL BECOME A CATEGORY III (WARRANT
OFFICER) MOS.
E. LIMITED DUTY OFFICERS CURRENTLY ASSIGNED PMOS 0210 WILL
RETAIN THIS MOS AS THEIR PMOS UNTIL THEY LEAVE THE MARINE CORPS.
THE PMOS FOR 0210 WO'S WILL NOT CHANGE.
F. ALL LIEUTENANT BILLETS WILL BE DESIGNATED WITH BMOS OF
0203, 0204, 0206, OR 0207. ALL CAPTAIN AND ABOVE BILLETS WILL
BE DESIGNATED WITH BMOS 0202 WITH THE EXCEPTION OF THOSE BILLETS
INVOLVING HUMINT OR SIGINT/EW DUTIES THAT REQUIRE TRAINING
BEYOND THAT GAINED IN THE MAGTF INTELLIGENCE OFFICER COURSE.
THESE BILLETS WILL BE DESIGNATED WITH BMOS 0204 AND 0206
RESPECTIVELY.
G. THE CONVERSION OF 0210 LIMITED DUTY OFFICER BILLETS TO
UNRESTRICTED OFFICER BILLETS WILL BE PHASED IN AS FOLLOWS:
(1) 0210 WO'S WILL NOT BE SELECTED FOR APPOINTMENT TO LDO
AFTER FY97, AS TWO YEARS LATER UNRESTRICTED 0204 1STLT'S WILL BE
FLOWING INTO THE ZONE FOR PROMOTION TO CAPTAIN.
(2) BASED UPON UNRESTRICTED OFFICER PROMOTION RATES,
THERE WILL CONTINUE TO BE 0210 LDO MAJ AND LTCOL STRUCTURE
THROUGH FY02 AND FY05 RESPECTIVELY. LDO CAPT'S WILL BE
CONSIDERED FOR PROMOTION TO MAJ, BASED ON INVENTORY VACANCIES,
UNTIL FY02. LDO MAJ'S WILL BE CONSIDERED FOR PROMOTION TO
LTCOL, BASED ON INVENTORY VACANCIES, UNTIL FY05.
(3) ONCE LDO PROMOTIONS FROM CAPT TO MAJ CEASE IN FY02,
CAPT LDO'S NOT SELECTED FOR PROMOTION WILL BE GIVEN THE SAME
OPTIONS UNDER ROPS (CONTAINED IN THE REFERENCE) AS OTHER LDO'S
IN UNSTRUCTURED MOS'S. ONCE LDO PROMOTIONS FROM MAJ TO LTCOL
CEASE IN FY05, MAJ LDO'S NOT SELECTED FOR PROMOTION WILL BE
GIVEN THE SAME OPTIONS.
(4) THE ABOVE TIME FRAMES WILL BE MODIFIED AS
APPROPRIATE AS THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE INTEL PROGRAM
PROGRESSES.
H. WARRANT OFFICERS CURRENTLY POSSESSING 0205 OR 0260 AS A
PMOS ARE NOW CONSIDERED TO BE IN UNSTRUCTURED MOS'S AND ARE
SUBJECT TO THE CONTINUATION POLICY ANNOUNCED IN THE REFERENCE.
10. AS FURTHER DETAILS OF IMPLEMENTATION ARE COMPLETED,
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION WILL BE PUBLISHED VIA ALMAR.
11. THIS ALMAR IS APPLICABLE TO THE MARINE CORPS RESERVE.//
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