Approval Date:

21 Apr 97

Document:


MISSION NEED STATEMENT (MNS)
FOR
A FAMILY OF COLLECTION AND UTILIZATION SYSTEMS (FOCUS)

                          NO. CCC 35


1.  Defense Planning Guidance Element.  This need responds to the following:

    a.  Defense Planning Guidance dated 10 April 1996.

    b.  Marine Corps Master Plan for the 21st Century.

    c.  Mission Area Analysis number 12 Intelligence, dated 15 February 1994, prioritized deficiencies 11, 15, and 18.

    d.  MAA number 36 Electronic Warfare, dated 4 April 1994, prioritized deficiencies 2, 4, 15, and 21.

    e.  COMMARFORPAC Fleet Operational Need Statements of 18 and 27 January 1994 and 12 August 1996.

2.  Mission and Threat Analyses

    a.  Mission.  Marine Forces are required to collect and exploit data from enemy information systems and perform own-force monitoring.  Specifically, they must:

   (1) Collect data from systems that radiate energy to transmit information.  This includes the following capabilities:

  (a) Detect, intercept, record, and derive usable data from enemy use of the electromagnetic spectrum; locate the sources of electromagnetic emissions such as Low Probability of Intercept, data photonics, advanced signal modulation, encrypted, proforma, satellite, video, infrared, radar, etc.

  (b) Conduct collection operations from various locations, ranging from concealed positions in forward areas to positions in shelters in rear areas.

  (c) Conduct collection operations from stationary or moving platforms, including airborne and tactical vehicles as well as Marines on foot.  

   (2) Collect data from non-emitting, networked information systems such as land lines, fiber optic cable, etc.  The nature of this collection requires physical contact with, or proximity to, the information transmission/storage facilities.

   (3) Conduct collection operations without being detected using a variety of means, including attended, unattended, or remote sensors.  

   (4) Transfer collected data to Marine Air-Ground Task Force ( MAGTF) elements for use as Signals Intelligence (SIGINT), or Electronic Warfare Support (ES).

    b.  Threat.  The threat is documented in Defense Intelligence Agency publications on the Worldwide EW Threat (DST-1730H-018 and DST-1730H-077), and the Marine Corps Combat Development Command "Signals Intelligence (SIGINT) Technologies Survey (1998-2005)", dated 31 January 1994.

    c.  Timing and Priority  

   (1) An Initial Operational Capability of Fiscal Year (FY) 2003 is required.  

   (2) A Full Operational Capability of FY 2005 is desired.

   (3) Relative to other required capabilities in Mission Areas 12 and 36, collection capabilities are high priorities.

3.  Nonmateriel Alternatives.  There are no changes in doctrine, tactics, organization, or training that will provide this capability to the Marine Corps.

4.  Potential Materiel Alternatives

    a.  Product Improvement Program (PIP).  The existing or planned collection systems such as Team Portable Collection System (TPCS) Upgrade, Mobile Electronic Warfare Support System (MEWSS) PIP, Radio Reconnaissance Equipment Program (RREP), could be product improved or combined into one family of systems.

    b.  Nondevelopmental Approach.  A commercially available nondevelopmental item could be procured.

    c.  Research and Development (R&D).  A R&D effort could be initiated for new collection systems to fulfill this requirement.

    d.  Other Service Program.  The Advanced Carry-on Cryptologic Exploitation System being developed for use by the U.S. Navy could be used to satisfy a portion of this requirement.

5.  Constraints

    a.  Logistics Support.  The system must be supportable within the existing Marine Corps three tiered maintenance concept.  General Purpose Test Equipment and common tools in the Marine Corps inventory will be used to the maximum extent possible.

    b.  Mobility and Transportation.  This system must be transportable by standard tactical and strategic resources and by individual Marines when manpackable configured.  No materiel alternatives should require special handling or loading.

    c.  Manpower, Personnel, and Training 

        (1) Manpower.  Additional manpower for using units, training, or logistical support may be required.  A manpower analysis will have to be accomplished.

        (2) Personnel.  New primary or seconary Military Occupational Specialties may be required.

        (3) Training.  Development, modification, or use of formal courses in the Cryptologic Training System or Expeditionary Warfare Training Groups are the desired means of training operators.  However, on-the-job and unit training are acceptable.

    d.  Standardization and Interoperability.  All collection and utilization equipment must comply with the Department of Defense Joint Technical Architecture to ensure integration and interoperability with the Defense Information Infrastructure Common Operating Environment and must be interoperable with all planned analog and digital systems operated by the Marine Corps, other Services, and the United States SIGINT System.  The system must comply with applicable information technology standards in the Technical Architecture Framework for Information Management.

    e.  Security.  Collection operations must be protected from unauthorized access, capture, and destruction.  These operations must also be protected from an Information Systems Security perspective, which would include such requirements as confidentiality, availability, and integrity of information that is either stored, processed, or transmitted, and may include Sensitive Compartmented Information level security.

    f.  Operational Environment

   (1) Weather and Terrain.  The materiel must be operational and maintainable in any type of climate and terrain  where Marines deploy.

   (2) Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical (NBC). Nuclear hardening is not required.  However, the equipment shall be functional in a chemical or biological environment.  Personnel must be capable of operating the equipment while wearing NBC protective clothing, mission oriented protective posture (MOPP) IV gear.

6.  Joint Potential Designator

    a.  U.S. Army:  Joint Interest.

    b.  U.S. Navy:  Joint.

    c.  U.S. Air Force:  Joint Interest.