Approval Date:

21 Apr 97

Document:


MISSION NEED STATEMENT (MNS)
FOR
A COMMUNICATIONS AND SPECIAL SIGNALS ANALYSIS CAPABILITY (COSSAC)

                          NO. CCC 34

1.  Defense Planning Guidance Element.  This need responds to the following:  

    a.  Defense Planning Guidance for Fiscal Year (FY) 1998-2003 dated 10 April 1996.  

    b.  Marine Corps Master Plan for the 21st Century.

    c.  Mission Area Analysis (MAA) number 12 Intelligence, dated 15 February 1994, prioritized deficiencies 10, 11, and 14.

    d.  MAA number 36 Electronic Warfare (EW), dated 4 April 1994, prioritized deficiency number 12.

    e.  COMMARFORPAC Fleet Operational Need Statement dated 12 August 1996.

2.  Mission and Threat Analyses

    a.  Mission.  Marine Forces require the capability to process data collected from enemy information systems and manage collection resources.  Specifically, they must:

   (1) Receive both data and information (signals intercept, signals intelligence, and electronic reconnaissance) from sources internal and external to the Marine Air-Ground Task Force (MAGTF).

   (2) Process and store data and information, including:

  (a) Analyze collected data to produce usable information such as, traffic analysis, cryptanalysis, transcription, translation, etc.

  (b) Display processed information, including graphic displays and overlays.

  (c) Maintain databases that are compatible with other agencies, commands, components, or allied forces.

   (3) Analyze unknown or unexploitable signals such as, photonics, digital, video, encrypted signals, etc.

   (4) Manage and maintain technical control of collection resources and conduct mission taskings by organic communications systems.

      b.  Threat.  The threat is documented in Defense Intelligence Agency publications on the Worldwide EW Threat (DST-1730H-018 and DST-1730H-077), and the Marine Corps Combat Development Command "Signals Intelligence (SIGINT)

Technologies Survey (1998-2005)", dated 31 January 1994.


    c.  Timing and Priority 

   (1) An Initial Operational Capability of FY03 is required.

   (2) A Full Operational Capability of FY05 is desired.

   (3) Relative to other required capabilities in Mission Areas 12 and 36, processing capabilities are high priorities.

3.  Nonmateriel Alternatives.  There are no changes in doctrine, tactics, organization, or training that will provide this capability to the Marine Corps.

4.  Potential Materiel Alternatives

    a.  Product Improvement Program.  The existing or planned processing analysis systems, Technical Control and Analysis Center (TCAC), Tactical Electronic Reconnaissance Processing and Evaluation System (TERPES), could be product improved or combined into one family of systems.

    b.  Nondevelopmental Approach.  A commercially available nondevelopmental item could be procured.

    c.  Research and Development (R&D).  A R&D effort could be initiated for a new processing analysis system to fulfill this need.

    d.  Other Service Program.  The Ship Signals Exploitation Equipment being developed for use by the U.S. Navy could be used to satisfy a portion of this need.

5.  Constraints

    a.  Logistics Support.  The equipment must be supportable within the existing Marine Corps three tiered maintenance concept.  General Purpose Test Equipment and common tools in the Marine Corps inventory will be used to the maximum extent possible.

    b.  Mobility and Transportation.  The equipment must be transportable by sea, air, or land without special preparations.

    c.  Manpower, Personnel, and Training 

        (1) Manpower.  Additional manpower for using units, training, or logistical support may be required.  A manpower analysis will have to be accomplished.
   
        (2) Personnel.  New primary or secondary Military Occupational Specialties (MOS) may be required.

        (3) Training

            (a) If a new MOS (primary or secondary) is required, the development, modification, and use of formal courses in the Cryptologic Training System or Expeditionary Warfare Training Groups is the desired means of training operators.

            (b) If a new MOS (primary or secondary) is not required, on-the-job and unit training are acceptable for Marines with previous cryptologic training.

    d.  Standardization/Interoperability.  All transceivers, processors, and display devices must comply with the Department of Defense Joint Technical Architecture for integration and interoperability with the Defense Information Infrastructure Common Operating Environment.  Further, they must be interoperable with all planned analog and digital systems used by the Marine Corps, other services, and the United States SIGINT System (USSS).  The system must comply with applicable information technology standards in the Technical Architecture Framework for Information Management (TAFIM).

    e.  Security.  Analysis and communications operations must be protected from unauthorized access, capture, and destruction.  These operations must also be protected from an Information Systems Security perspective, which includes such requirements as confidentiality, availability, and integrity of information that is either stored, processed, or transmitted, and may include Sensitive Compartmented Information (SCI) level security.

    f.  Operational Environment

   (1) Weather and Terrain.  The system must be operational and maintainable in any type of climate and terrain where Marines deploy.

   (2) Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical (NBC). Nuclear hardening is not required.  However, the system shall be functional in a chemical or biological environment.  Personnel must be capable of operating the equipment while wearing NBC protective clothing, mission oriented protective posture (MOPP) IV gear.

6.  Joint Potential Designator

    a.  U.S. Army:  Joint Interest.

    b.  U.S. Navy:  Joint.

    c.  U.S. Air Force:  Joint Interest.