Approval Date:

15 Jan 93

Document:


                    MISSION NEED STATEMENT (MNS)


FOR A
TACTICAL INTELLIGENCE PHOTOGRAPHIC CAPABILITY

                         (NO. INT 12.3)

                
1.   Defense Planning Guidance Element.  This mission need statement responds to two of the foundations of Defense Planning Guidance dated 22 May 1992:  Forward Presence and Crisis Response.  It is further supported by capability 17 of the Marine Air-Ground Task Force (MAGTF) Master Plan dated 28 June 1991 and implementing actions in the (Draft) Marine Corps Master Plan (MCMP) expected to be published during April 1993.  Additionally, it is supported by deficiencies 5,7, and 9 in Mission Area Analysis 12 (Intelligence) dated May 1988 and the (Draft) MAGTF Equipment Assessment on Mission Area 12 (Intelligence) dated 23 November 1992 which provides further analysis down to the capability Set level.

2.   Mission and Threat Analyses                                 

a.  Mission

         (1) The Marine Corps deploys MAGTFs throughout the world to meet operational commitments.  MAGTFs require the capability to collect information with hand-held imagery equipment for the exploitation and production of tactical intelligence.  It must provide imagery products for dissemination to tactical forces for planning and executing operations.  Intelligence from tactical imagery provides information on terrain, reconnaissance and surveillance of targets of interest, local enemy activity, personnel, weapons, and documents.  Intelligence sections and intelligence collection organizations or units require hand-held basic still imagery capabilities to collect and process tactical intelligence in a timely manner.

         (2) The current hand-held photographic capability cannot fulfill the needs of the modern battlefield.  It cannot rapidly process and disseminate imagery products throughout the MAGTF.  This limits the effectiveness of organic collection assets and intelligence organizations in the timely preparation and dissemination of intelligence.  A state-of-the-art camera system in the hands of intelligence sections and organizations will maximize photographic collection opportunities; thereby, enhancing tactical intelligence products that meet the needs of the MAGTF commander.  Initial operational capability should be FY96, with full operational capability being FY98.       

     b.  Threat.  The current Marine Corps Mid-Range Threat Estimate addresses global threat projection and the technical threat for the next decade, as well as providing future flash
points assessed to have potential for Marine Corps involvement.  Hand-held imagery equipment is an intelligence and combat information collecting resource and is not designed to overcome a specific threat.  Because of the passive nature, small size, and

employment techniques of a hand-held photographic capability, there is no system specific threat.  The threat to this capability is synonymous with the threat to the operator.  

3.  Nonmateriel Alternatives.  Based on our assessment in MAA 12 there are no changes in doctrine, tactics, organization, or training that will provide this capability to the Marine Corps.  

4.  Potential Materiel Alternatives   

    a.  A materiel solution may be accomplished through the Research and Development process.

    b.  Acquisition of a nondevelopmental item is possible from commercial sources.

5.  Constraints  

    a.  Mobility.  The system must be portable by one Marine and weigh no more than 5-7 pounds.  There must be no restrictions on the transportability of the system.

    b.  Manpower.  The system must not require any new Military Occupational Specialty or manpower.  Personnel regularly assigned to intelligence sections and organizations in the MAGTF will operate the system.

    c.  Training.  The system will require new equipment training for the Fleet Marine Force.  The Navy Marine Corps Intelligence Training Center curriculum will require modification to incorporate photographic training.  Operator manuals will be provided with the system.    

    d.  Reliability.  The preliminary readiness objective is an operational availability of 0.95 with a mean-time-between-operational-failure of 720 hours.

    e.  Operational Environment

   (1) Organizational Concept.  The tactical imagery system will be organic in all intelligence sections in the MAGTF down to the battalion/squadron level.  The number of systems each organization will possess will be determined by that organization's mission.

   (2) Operational Concept.  The tactical imagery system will be used by intelligence sections within all elements of the MAGTF.  Images will be electronically disseminated by the collecting unit to other elements within the MAGTF as mission and opportunity dictates.  Imagery products will provide information on terrain, reconnaissance and surveillance targets, local enemy activity, enemy personnel, and scientific and technical subjects.

   (3) Performance Characteristics.  The system must be self-focussing and be operational in low light conditions.  Collected images must be capable of being developed and viewed by the user before those images are disseminated throughout the MAGTF.  The clarity of images must be sufficiently sharp to distinguish vehicles by classification at long range and humans as individuals at close range in standard daylight conditions.  The system must have a self-test capability.  The system must not make any noise while it is being operated.  The imager must be capable of being mounted on a standard tripod.  The system must contain a self test device to ensure operational availability.

   (4) Environment.  The system must be robust for field use.  The system must be able to operate in all weather conditions.  The system must be capable of being operated in a chemical, biological, radiological contaminated environment by personnel in all Mission Oriented Protective Postures.  The system must be capable of being operated by personnel while wearing cold weather clothing.  The system must be capable of being operated after immersion in salt and fresh water.  
   
    f.  Logistics.  No new supporting structure will be established to repair and maintain this system.  The operator will perform routine maintenance of the system.  The system will be supported by using common tools and general purpose test equipment.
                   
    g.  C4I Interface.  The collected imagery must be capable of being electronically disseminated by the tactical radio equipment organic to the MAGTF.