Approval Date:

09 May 97

Document:


UNITED STATED MARINE CORPS
Marine Corps Combat Development Command
Quantico, Virginia  221324-5001

       In Reply Refer to
3900
C 441
9 May 1997

From: Commanding General, Marine Corps Combat Development Command, 3300 Russell Road, Quantico, Virginia 22134-5021

Subj: OPERATIONAL REQUIREMENTS DOCUMENT (ORD) FOR THE MARINE AIR-GROUND TASK FORCE (MAGTF) SECONDARY IMAGERY DISSEMINATION SYSTEM (SIDS) (NO. CCC 1.50); CHANGE 7

Ref: (a) DoD Regulation 5000.2

1.  Purpose.  To transmit pen changes to the basic Operational Requirements Document (ORD) for the Marine Air-Ground Task Force (MAGTF) Secondary Imagery Dissemination System (SIDS) (No. CCC 1.50). Per the reference, the following changes to the ORD are approved.

2. Action

a.   Replace paragraph 5a with the following:

"a.  Maintenance Planning.  Interim Contractor Support (ICS) will be used due to the high number of Commercial-Off-The Shelf (COTS) components in the SIDS configuration.  At this time, it is not considered cost effective to train Marines to maintain the system, nor to have Commander Marine Corps Logistics Bases (COMMARCORLOGBASES) catalog and provision all SIDS components. ICS will be used for on-site maintenance, configuration management and failure analysis.  A Field Service Representative (FSR) will be assigned to each MEF for SIDS support.  The FSR will perform third and fourth echelon maintenance on SIDS equipment and will deploy to the field, to include a combat zone, as required.  A phased transition to organic support will be implemented with no loss in capability, when determined feasible.  The FSR will continue to support SIDS throughout the 2-3 year transition period.  Following transition to organic support, any or all components of the ICS capability will remain available to provide the necessary degree of support to the FMF.

(1) Organizational Maintenance.  First and second echelon maintenance will be performed by the operator of the SIDS equipment.  Maintenance action will include cleaning, SL-3 inventory/replenishment, determination of equipment's operational condition (GOINO GO) through the use of a Built-In Test (BIT) and performing the administrative functions to evacuate the equipment for repair.

(2) Intermediate Maintenance.  Third and fourth echelon maintenance will be performed by the FSR.  The FSR will evacuate non-repairable Line Replaceable Units (LRU) to the manufacturer using procedures established by the ICS arrangement.

(3) Depot Maintenance.  The component manufacturer will provide depot-level support through the ICS arrangement and the FSR.  Equipment requiring depot-level repair will be evacuated by the FSR."

b.  dd to paragraph 4d(4), immediately following "Proper operation after the transmitter is immersed to a depth of 32 feet (9.8 meters) for six hours is the objective.":

"Proper operation after the transmitter is immersed to a depth of 32 feet (9.8 meters) for six hours while encased in a waterproof bag or housing is the threshold."

3. Filing Instructions.  This change transmittal will be filed immediately following the signature page of the basic ORD.

4. The Marine Corps point of contact for this requirement is the Command, Control, Computers, and Intelligence Sponsor (C 442), Requirements Division, MCCDC, DSN 278-6196.




R. J. ANTONICH
By direction

Distribution:
See attached


UNITED STATED MARINE CORPS
Marine Corps Combat Development Command
Quantico, Virginia  221324-5001


In Reply Refer to
3900
C 442
14 May 96

From:  Commanding General, Marine Corps Combat
  Development Command, 3300 Russell Road,
  Quantico, VA  22134-5021  (C 442)

Subj:  OPERATIONAL REQUIREMENTS DOCUMENT (ORD) FOR
       THE MARINE AIR-GROUND TASK FORCE (MAGTF)
       SECONDARY IMAGERY DISSEMINATION SYSTEM (SIDS)
   (NO. CCC 1.50); CHANGE 6

Ref:   (a) DoD Regulation 5000.2-R

Encl:  (1) Annex C Operational Requirements for a
           Tactical Intelligence Photographic
          (TACPHOTO) Capability

1.   Purpose.  To transmit penchanges to the basic Operaitonal Requirement Document (ORD) for the Mairne Air-Ground Task FOrce (MAGTF) Secondary Imagery Dissemination System (SIDS) (No. CCC 1.50).  Per the reference, the following additions to the ORD are approved.
 
2. Action

a.  Add the following to the end of paragraph
 1c2:  

"The operational requirements of the Tactical Intelligence Photographic Capabiity (TACPHOTO), as described in Annex C, will also be used to define the technical specifications of the digital camera in the Manpack SIDS configuration."

b.  After Annex B, attach Annex C (the enclosure).

3. Filing Instructions.  This change transmittal will be field immediately following the signature pagre of the basic ORD.


R. E. WHITE
By direction
Distribution:  
see attached

ANNEX C
OPERATIONAL REQURIEMENTS
FOR A
TACTICAL INTELLIGENCE PHOTOGRAPHIC (TACPHOTO) CAPABILITY



1. General Description of Operational Capability

a.  Mission Area.  The tactical Intelligence Photographic (TSCPHOTO) capability falls under Mission Area 12 (Intelligence), which addresses the requiremetns to collect, process, and disseminate information and intelligence to support amphibious operations.  Mission Need Statement Number INT 12.3, dated 15 January 1993, validated the requirement for the capability to collect, process, and rapidly disseminate tactical imagery hroughout the battlefield to support all echelons of the MAGTF.

b.  Operational Concept.  The TACPHOTO capability will reside with MAGTF S/G-2 sections.  TACPHOTO will replace the current wet-proces camera systems currently in use by these units.  TACPHOTO will be completly compatible with the SIDS in use within the Marine Corps.  No intermediate translation will be reuried in order to insert TACPHOTO images electronically into SIDS. There will be no increase in current structure or manning levles to opeate or maintain TACPHOTO.

2.  Capabilities Required 

a.  System Performance.  TACPHOTO will develop equipment that is functionally and operationally superior to cameras currently in use.  Peacetime, contngency, and wartime performance parameters are identical.

Threshold Objective

Size and weight 3 lbs/1.4 kg as light as possible
of camera body using currently
available technology

Range of lens 24mm/F3.3 to As wide as availability 300mm/F5.6 possible using
currently available
technology


Lens focusing Automatic with Automatic with manual
method manual override override


Dynamic Range ISO to 400 As detailed as technology possible using
currently available
Image resolution 1.5 megapixels As detailed as  
(9 micron pixel possible using
diameter) currently available
technology

Image storge Removable PCMCIA Current size  industry
 standard

Image storage National Imagery NITF
format Transfer Format
(NITF)

Image storage 1.5 Mb Current
size industry
standard

Number of 10 As many as possible
images stored using currently Internally available technology

3.  Integrated Logistics Support

a.  Maintenance Planning

(1) Organizational Support Objectives.  Organizational level maintenance (first and second echelon) will maintain the opeation of the end item via preventive maintenance and, in the case of operational failure, to isolate to the major component level (Line Replaceable Unit (LRU) or Secondary Repairable (SECREP)) and restore the end item to serviceable condition as quickly as possible.

(2) Intermediate Support Objectives.  Intermediate level maintenance (third and fourth echelon) will repair failed LRUs and SECREPs as authorized.  Authorization will be dependent on the availability of trained personnel, support equipment, technical information, and stockage of appropriate repair parts.

(3) Depot Support Objectives.  Depot level maintenance (fifth echelon) may require contractor support.  Contract maintenance is not desirable, but can be identified as part of a warranty agreement.

b.  Support Equipment.  TACPHOTO will be supportable by the common suite of Marine Corps General Purpose Electronic Test Equipment.

4. Force Structure

a.  Number of Systems

(1) Inital Issue

I MEF 171
II MEF 153
III MEF 63
SMCR 73
Supporting Establishment  3
NAL MEB  0

(2) Sustainment

WRMR  0
DMF  0

b. Spares.  Spares will constitute an additional 10% (i.e., 46) of the initial issue.

c. Taining Units.  The Navy-Marine Corps Intelligence Training Center (NMITC), designated training site, will maintain 3 TACPHOTO sets.


UNITED STATED MARINE CORPS
Marine Corps Combat Development Command
Quantico, Virginia  221324-5001


3900
C 441
19Mar96

From: Commanding General, Marine Corps Combat Development Command, 3300 Russell Road, Quantico, Virginia 22134-5021 (C 442)

Subj: OPERATIONAL REQUIREMENTS DOCUMENT (ORD) FOR THE MARINE AIR-GROUND TASK FORCE (MAGTF) SECONDARY IMAGERY DISSEMINATION SYSTEM (SIDS) (NO. CCC 1.50); CHANGE 5

Ref: (a) DoDInst 5000.2

1. Purpose.  To transmit pen changes to the basic Operational Requirements Document (ORD).  Per the reference, the following changes to the ORD for the Marine Air-Ground Task Force (MAGTF) Secondary Imagery Dissemination System (SIDS) (No.  CCC 1.50) are approved.

2. Action.

a.  Replace paragraph 4d(4) with the following:

"Environmental Constraints.  The SIDS equipment shall operate without degradation in all climates and environments that Marines may encounter.  Operating temperature range must be at least -100 Celsius (C)/14 degrees Fahrenheit (F) to 50 degrees C/1220 F and -250 C/-13 degrees F to 65 degrees C/149 degrees F in storage.  The equipment must operate in all humidity levels up to and including 100 percent.  The IAS-hosted configurations must be resistant to extreme sand and dust conditions.  Manpack devices must be resistant to fresh and salt water as well as to extreme sand and dust conditions.  All the Manpack devices must be able to withstand the shock attainable during a parachute opening maneuver (i.e., 8 Gs instantaneous).  Manpack SIDS outstations and base stations must attain proper operation after the transmitter is immersed to a depth of 9.8 meters (32 feet) for six hours as a threshold."

b.  Replace paragraph 5b with the following:

"Support Equipment.  BIT capability shall be automatic and commensurate with the need to minimize special test equipment.   The test equipment will have an operational availability (Ao) of 95 percent.  Size and weight of special test equipment will be kept to a minimum.  The required mean time to repair (MTTR) for organizational level maintenance will be less than 0.5 hours and the MTTR for intermediate level maintenance will be less than 1.0 hour.  To the maximum extent possible, general support test equipment and common tools resident in Marine Corps inventory wi ll be used to perform all authorized levels of maintenance.   Tools and test equipment required, but not resident in the Marine Corps inventory, will be identified as special tools and special test equipment."

c.  Replace paragraph 5d with the following:

"Computer Resources.  SIDS software will utilize National Imagery Transfer Format/Tactical Communications 2 (NITF/TACO 2) software protocols in order to assure that imagery files can be transported to other Department of Defense imagery intelligence systems for further analysis or display."

3. Filing Instructions.  This change transmittal will be filed immediately following the signature page of the basic ORD.



L. S. ASADOORIAN
By direction

Distribution:
See attached


UNITED STATED MARINE CORPS
Marine Corps Combat Development Command
Quantico, Virginia  221324-5001


3900
C 442
12 Mar 96

 
From: Commanding General, Marine Corps Combat Development Command, 3300 Russell Road,
Quantico, Virginia  22134-5021 (C442)

Subj: OPERATIONAL REQUIREMENTS DOCUMENT (ORD) FOR THE MARINE AIR-GROUND TASK FORCE (MAGTF)
SECONDARY IMAGERY DISSEMINATION SYSTEM
(SIDS) (NO. CCC 1.50); CHANGE 4

Ref: (a) DoDInst 5OOO.2

1. Purpose.  To transmit pen changes to the basic Operational Requirements Document (ORD).  Per the reference, the following changes to the ORD for the Marine Air-Ground Task Force (MAGTF) Secondary Imagery Dissemination System (SIDS) (No.  CCC 1.50) are approved.

2. Action.  Replace par 5 with the following:
"5. Integrated Logistics Support
a. Maintenance Planning

(1) Organizational Support Objectives.  The objective of organizational level maintenance (first and second echelon) will be to maintain the operation of the end item via preventive maintenance and, in the case of operational failure, to isolate to the major component level (Line Replaceable Unit--LRU or Secondary Repairable--SECREP) and to restore the end item to servic eable condition as quickly as possible.

(2) Intermediate Support Objectives.  Intermediate level maintenance (third and fourth echelon) will repair failed LRUs and SECREPs as authorized.  Authorization will be dependent on the availability of trained personnel, support equipment, technical information and stockages of appropriate repair parts.

(3) Depot Support Objectives.  Depot level maintenance (fifth echelon) will be rebuild and technical support performed by Marine Corps depot repair facilities.  Depot level maintenance may require contractor support.  Contract maintenance is not desirable, but can be identified as part of a warranty agreement.

b. Support Equipment

(1) Organizational and Intermediate Support  The MAGTF SIDS equipment will be supportable by the common suite of Marine Corps General Purpose Electronic Test Equipment (GPETE) for both organizational and intermediate level repairs.

 (2) Depot Sipport.  Existing test equipment resident within the depot facilities will support, to the maximum extent possible, all MAGTF SIDS equipment.

C. Human Systems Integration

(1) Operational and Maintenance Training Concept

(a) Pipeline.  No specific formal school courses exist to train Marines to operate or maintain MAGTF SIDS.   Modifications to existing, related courses are expected.

(b) Training Devices.  Training will be accomplished using actual MAGTF SIDS equipment.

(c) Embedded Trainin~a/onboard Training.  After formal school training, operator and maintenance personnel will utilize on-the-job-training to augment or improve their skills.

(d) Interactive-Courseware.  It is desired that operators and maintenance personnel be afforded the opportunity to use interactive training courseware in order to maintain repair skills.

(2) Constraints

(a) Manpower.  There will be no increase in current structure or manning -Levels to operate or maintain MAGTF SIDS.

(b) Personnel.  There will be no additional Military Occupational Specialties (MoSs) required to operate or maintain MAGTF SIDS.

(c) Training.  The impact of additional training for MAGTF SIDS equipment on formal intelligence, reconnaissance and maintenance course training will be minimal.

(3) Objectives and Thresholds

(a) Manpower.  Sufficient force structure currently exists within the Marine Corps.

(b) Training.  Skill levels shall conform to of 02 and 03 individual training standards (ITS).

(c) Safety.  The system will be safe

for all operations and comply with all applicable safety regulations."

3. Filing Instructions.  This change transmittal will be filed immediately fo~llowing the signature page of the basic ORD.



L. S. ASADOORIAN
By direction


UNITED STATED MARINE CORPS
Marine Corps Combat Development Command
Quantico, Virginia  221324-5001



3900
C 442
18 Aug 95


From: Commanding General, Marine Corps Combat Development Command, 3300 Russell Road, Quantico, Virginia 22134-5021
(C442)

Subj: OPERATIONAL REQUIREMENTS DOCUMENT (ORD) FOR THE MARINE AIR-GROUND TASK FORCE (MAGTF) SECONDARY IMAGERY DISSEMINATION SYSTEM (SIDS) (NO. CCC 1.50); CHANGE 3

Ref: (a) DoDInst 5000.2

1. Purpose.  To transmit pen changes to the basic Operational Requirements Document (ORD).  Per the reference, the following changes to the ORD for the Marine Air-Ground Task Force (MAGTF) Secondary Imagery Dissemination System (SIDS) (No. CCC 1.50) are approved.

2. Action

 a. Replace paragraph 4b(i)(a) with the following: "The IAS-hosted configurations (SIDS-I/E) will consist of modular equipment, attached as hardware and software enhancements to ~IAS equipment.  The manpack SIDS will consist of a base station and three outstations; each component-of the manpack SIDS will consist of a dissemination terminal and power source.  Total weight of the manpack component will not exceed a 14 pound (6-3 kg) threshold, 7 pounds (3.5 kg) being desired, and will not be larger than 400 cubic inches."

b. Replace Annex A, Table of Distribution,
Manpack SIDS Devices with the following:

"MANPACK SIDS

SUSTAINMENT

WAR RESERVE MATERIAL REQUIREMENT 9

DEPOT MAINTENANCE 4
TOTAL 13

   INITIAL ISSUE
I MARINE EXPEDITIONARY FORCE 22

II MARINE EXPEDITIONARY FORCE 18

III MARINE EXPEDITIONARY FORCE 10

SELECTED MARINE CORPS RESERVE 21

SUPPORTING ESTABLISHMENT 2

NORWAY AIR-LAND MARINE EXPEDITIONARY BRIGADE 0

MARITIME PREPOSITIONING-FORCE 0

TOTAL 73

TOTAL 86"

3.  Filing Instructions. This change transmittal will be filed immediately following the signature page of the basic ORD.



L. S. ASADOORIAN
By direction



UNITED STATED MARINE CORPS
Marine Corps Combat Development Command
Quantico, Virginia  221324-5001



3900
C 441
21 Dec 93


From: Commanding General, Marine Corps Combat Development
      Command, 2042 Broadway Street, Suite 3, Quantico, Virginia 22134-5021 (C 441)

Subj: OPERATIONAL REQUIREMENTS DOCUMENT (ORD) FOR THE MARINE AIR-GROUND TASK FORCE (MAGTF) SECONDARY IMAGERY DISSEMINATION SYSTEM (SIDS) (No. CCC 1.50); CHANGE 2

Ref: (a) DoDInst 5000.2

1.   Purpose.  To transmit pen changes to the basic operational Requirements Document (ORD).  Per the reference, the following changes to the ORD for the Marine Air Ground Task Force (MAGTF) Secondary Imagery Dissemination System (SIDS) (No. CCC 1.50) are approved.

2. Action

a.  Replace paragraph 4 and 4a with the following:

"4.  Capabilities Required

a. System Performance

(1) General.   SIDS will provide the capability to electronically receive, process, reproduce, and disseminate near-real-time imagery throughout the MAGTF.  This capability will be hosted on the IAS by hardware and software enhancements to IAS equipment and will also serve as the means to manage imagery products.  The SIDS-E module will be a hardware and Defense Intelligence Information System IAS at the MAGTF Command Element.  The SIDS-I module will be a hardware and software enhancement installed on the IAS intermediate suites and workstations.  The manpack SIDS configuration will consist of two devices; a man portable device that provides reconnaissance and surveillance units with the capability to electronically disseminate imagery to the MAGTF in near-real-time via tactical communications, and a base station module to receive that imagery and enter it into the ~IAS hosted SIDS network.

(2) Parameters

(a) Dissemination and Receipt of Imagery

  1 IAS -Hosted SIDS.  The IAS-Hosted SIDS
must be capable of dissemination properly classifed
images to other IAS terminals certified to operate
at the same security level.  The operator of SIDS
must be able to select the destination of the
image or images and then send the image electronically.
Threshold - Transmission time not to exceed two minutes per image; objective - Transmission time not to exceed one minute per image.

2  Manpack SIDS

a The Manpack SIDS Outstation must be capable of storing a 1.5 Megabyte image, then transmitting that image to the Manpack SIDS Base Station during a burst transmissions over tactical, single channel radio.  Threshold - Burst transmissions not to exceed ten seconds and total time required for image transmission not to exceed ten minutes; Objective - Burst transmissions not to exceed five seconds and total time required for image transmission not to exceed five minutes.

b The Manpack SIDS Base Station must be capable of receiving images and storing them for subsequent electronic transfer to the IAS.  Threshold Ten images; objective - Fifty images.


(b) Storage of Images

1 IAS-Hosted SIDS.  SIDS should be capable of storage fo imagaes either online or in archival form.  All storage units will have a compression capability and will store images on removable media.  For online storage, the threshold is SO images; objective is 200 images.  For archival storage on magnetic media, the threshold is 50 images and the objective is 200 images.

2 Manpack SIDS

   a The Manpack SIDS Base Station is not intended as a mass storagea device for images.  However, it must be capable of storing images received for further transfer to the IAS.   Threshold - Ten images; objective - Fifty images.

b The Manpack SIDS Outstation must be capable of storing images prior to transmission of those images to the Manpack SIDS Base Station.  Threshold - Ten images; Objective Fifty images.

c The Manpack SIDS camera must be capable of electronically storing mission photographs.  Threshold - Twenty images; objective - Fifty images.

(c) Retrieval and Display of Images

1 IAS-Hosted SIDS.  The operator must be
able to retrieve an image from online storage and
display it on the IAS display.  The display must also
be capable of showing latitude- longitude or universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) grid location, north arrow, date/time of imagery, and classification.  Threshold - One minute; Objective - Twenty seconds.

2 Manpack SIDS.  The Manpack SIDS must be capable of retrieving stored images to verify the content of the image.   Threshold - One minute; Objective - Twenty Seconds.


(d) Manipulatiion and Annotation of Imgmes

1 IAS-Hosted SIDS.  SIDS must have the
following image processing capabilities: gray scale
manipulation, image rotation, zoom, and negative
inverse.  The operator must be able to display
latitude-longitude or Univeral Transverse (UTM) grid
location, north arrow, date/time of imagery, and
classification.  Image mensuration is the objective
 capability.

2 Manpack SIDS.  The Manpack SIDS Outstation must be able to annotate imagery with lattitude-longitude or UTM grid location, date/time of imagery, and limited text (Threshold 20 characters; Objective - 50 characters).

(e) Printing of Images

    1 IAS-Hosted SIDS.  The SIDS must
provide shades of gray or 126 variations of color,
collocated with IAS hosted SIDS, (SIDS-I/E).  The
SIDs must be capable of printing copies of images in
various formats at the copy rates specified below.
For comparison purposes, all copy sizes are stated as
numbers of 8.5 x 11 inch copies.
  Threshold Objective

High quality color  ten copies/hr   twenty copies/hr.

Large Format B&W    100 copies/hr.  200 copies/hr.

Small Format B&W    150 copies/hr.  300 copies/hr.


2 Manpack SIDS.  Not Applicable.


(f) Transfer of Image (Manpack SIDS only)

    1 Electronic Camera to Manpack SIDS
Outstation. The Manpack SIDS Outstation must allow
the electronic transfer of photographs from an
electronic camera to the outstation in a reasonable
 period of time.  Threshold - one minute per image;
objective - 30 seconds per image.

2 Manpack SIDS Base Station to IAS.  The Manpack SIDS Base Station must allow the electronic transfer of stored images from the Base Station to the IAS in a reasonable period of time.  Threshold - One minute per image; Objective - 30 seconds per image.

(g) For all components, a 0.5 maximum allowable National Imagery Interpretation Rating Scale (NIIRS) los rom transmission.

(3) Wartime Mission Scenarios.  This section refers only to Manpack SIDS equipment.  IAS hosted SIDS will, be used in accordance with the mission profiles set forth in the Intelligence Analysis System ORD, INT 250.1.

(a) Mission Profiles.  Manpack SIDS will be carried by Reconnaissance Marines while on patrol.  Mission duration for the Manpack SIDS is six days.  The typical mission will require the acquisition of twenty electronic photographs.

(b) Employment Tactics.  The Manpack SIDS camera will be used to acquire still photographs in the same manner that conventional film cameras are used by Reconnaissance Marines.   Once the photograph is acquired, photographs of high value targets will be transferred to the Manpack SIDS Outstation for further dissemination to the Manpack Base Station by tactical radio.  When return of the acquired image is not time critical or when operational security issue requires radio silence, the images will be retained in the camera and will be transferred to the Manpack SIDs Outstation upon completion of the mission."

    b.  Replace paragraph  4c with the following:
  "c.  Logistics and Readiness

(1) Reliability.  The required reliability for the Manpack SIDS equipment is 0.90 threshold and 0.95 or greater objective.

(2) Operational Availability.  (AO) The AO for the SIDS Manpack is 0.90 threshold and 0.95 or greater objective.

(3) Maintenance Skill Requirements.  The SIDS I/E will not require an increase in maintenance personnel, but intermediate maintenance personnel (MOS 2821) will require additional training.  Manpack SIDS equipment will require additional maintenance personnel.

3. Filing Instructions.  This change transmittal will be filed immediately following the signature of the basic ORD.



JAMES P. O'DONNELL
By direction



UNITED STATED MARINE CORPS
Marine Corps Combat Development Command
Quantico, Virginia  221324-5001



3900
C 441
21 Dec 93

From:  Commanding General, Marine Corps Combat Development   Command, 2042 Broadway Street, Suite 3, Quantico,
  Virginia 22134-5021 (C 441)

Subj: OPERATIONAL REQUIREMENTS DOCUMENT (ORD) FOR THE MARINE AIR-GROUND TASK FORCE (MAGTF) SECONDARY IMAGERY DISSEMINATION SYSTEM (SIDS) (No. CCC 1.50); CHANGE 1

Ref:   (a) DoDInst 5000.2

1. Purpose.  To transmit pen changes to the basic Operational Requirements Document (ORD).  Per the reference, the following changes to the ORD for the Marine Air-Ground Task Force (MAGTF) Secondary Imagery Dissemination System (SIDS) (No.  CCC 1.50) are approved.

2. Action

 a. Replace, paragraph 4b(i)(a) with the following: "The IAS-hosted configurations (SIDS-I/E') will consist of modular equipment, attached as hardware and software enhancements to IAS equipment.  Total weight of the manpack will not exceed a 14 pound (6.3 kg) threshold, 7 pounds (3.5 kg) being desired, and and will not be larger than 400 cubic inches."

 b. Replace paragraph 4d(2) with the following: "Nuclear Survivability.  Electromagnetic Pulse hardening is not required for non-IAS hosted components."

 c. Replace paragraph 4d(4) with the following:  Environmental Constraint.  The SIDS equipment shall operate without degradation in all climates and environments that Marines may encounter.  Operating temperature range must be at least -10 centigrade (c) to +50c, and -25c to +65c in storage.  The equipment must operate in all humidity levels to 100 percent.   The IAS-hosted configurations must be resistant to extreme sand and dust conditions.  Manpack devices must be water resistant to fresh and saltwater and to extreme sand and dust conditions.   Also, the manpack must be able to withstand the shock attainable during a parachute opening maneuver (i.e., 8 Gs instantaneous), Proper operation after the transmitter is immersed to a depth of 32 feet (9.8 meters) for six hours is the objective."

3.  Filing Instructions.  This change transmittal will be filed immediately following the signature page of the basic ORD.




JAMES P. O'DONNELL
By direction

Distribution:
See attached



  

OPERATIONAL REQUIREMENTS DOCUMENT (ORD)
FOR THE
MARINE AIR-GROUND TASK FORCE (MAGTF)
SECONDARY IMAGERY DISSEMINATION SYSTEM (SIDS)
(NO. CCC 1.50)


1.  General Description of Operational Canabilitv

a.  Requirements. Marine Air-Ground Task Forces (MAGTF) require the capability to receive and transmit imagery products in near-real-time, internally with subordinate commands that are widely separated throughout the area of operations and externally with higher, adjacent commands and joint or combined commands (subject to appropriate security guidance). To effectively use imagery products, MAGTFs must be able to store, manipulate,
annotate, and print/reproduce hard copy imagery. A secondary imagery dissemination system (SIDS) utilizing an electronic path will provide high priority, time sensitive imagery products throuqhout the MAGTF.

b.  Mission Area. SIDS is a new capability which falls under Mission Area 12, Intelligence. The following capabilities are identified in the MAGTF Master Plan dated 28 June 1991:

(1) Capability 3: Capability to acquire target and to disseminate the information to target attack and intelligence agencies in time for successful exploitation.

(2) Capability 6: Capability to receive current allsource intelligence and information from national, theater, and other service sources.

(3) Capability 17: Capability for MAGTFs to conduct intelligence planning and all-source intelligence product preparation.

(4) Capability 34: Capability for MAGTF command elements (CEs) to interoperate with joint forces and coordinate with combined forces.

(5) Capability 38: Capability to task other Service collection assets, and analyze and disseminate all-source intelligence related to terrorist organizations and operations.

     c.  Operational and Support Concepts

(1) The operational and support concepts for SIDS shall emphasize user self-sufficiency with as much maintenance as possible performed at the organizational level. The system will
be hosted on the Intelligence Analysis System (IAS) and will be modular to allow for tailoring of the SIDS support necessary by echelon, mission and function.

(2) The SIDS capability will consist of three components: SIDS external (SIDS-E), SIDS internal (SIDS-I), and the manpack SIDS configuration. Two of the three components will be software and hardware packages hosted on the IAS; an external connectivity segment, (SIDS-E), that provides connectivity between the MAGTF and external sources, (theater, national, and other service) and an internal connectivity segment, (SIDS-I), to conduct dissemination of imagery within the MAGTF. A third segment, (manpack SIDS configuration), will be used for near real time dissemination of imagery collected by reconnaissance and surveillance units using hand held imagery equipment.

(3) A dry processing hard copy imagery reproduction system will be required at the MAGTF CE, ground combat element, air combat element, and combat service support element. Full SIDS capability for the MAGTF will be achieved only when all components are present. Omission of any component will result in a degraded SIDS capability.

2.  Threat

a.  General. SIDS is an intelligence and combat information dissemination and management tool which enhances the MAGTF's ability to receive and disseminate imagery products for further use by intelligence or operational personnel. As such, it is not designed to overcome a specific threat, but rather that threat which is presented by the whole enemy force.

b.  Jamming and Interference Threats. The primary threat to SIDS will be the electronic exploitation of its digital transmissions. Most modern adversaries will have an electronic warfare and signals intelligence capability. The military forces of the former Soviet Union have the most extensive capability which has been exported to their client states (e.g., Cuba, North Korea, Libya, and Iraq) and Third World nations. This threat is documented in Defense Intelligence Agency's (DIA) publications entitled "Soviet Radio-Electronic Combat Capability", "ECM/ESM capabilities - ECC" and "Soviet Electronic Warfare 1986-2005." DIA publication, "Free World Electronic Warfare Capabilities", provides the ECM/ESM threat for the rest of the world. In addition, the foreign threat referenced above is summarized in the current Naval Maritime Intelligence Center report, "System Threat Assessment RePort (STAR), - Satellite Systems".

3.  Shortcomings of Existing Systems. The MAGTF requires electronic delivery of imagery products from national, theater, and other service systems. Further, the MAGTF requires nearreal-time electronic dissemination and reproduction of imagery products to subordinate elements and units. Currently, the MAGTF lacks the capability to receive and disseminate imagery via automated/electronic means so these functions are performed via courier. This is a method that relies on available air and ground transportation resources. Dissemination is slow and cumbersome and does not provide timely products throughout the MAGTF.

4.  Capabilities Required. SIDS will provide the capability to electronically receive, process, reproduce, and disseminate nearreal-time imagery throughout the MAGTF. This capability will be hosted on the IAS by hardware and software enhancements to IAS equipment and will also serve as the means to manage imagery products. The SIDS-E module will be a hardware and software enhancement included on TAC DODIIS (Department of Defense Intelligence Information System IAS at the MAGTF CE). The SIDS-I module will be a hardware and software enhancement installed on the IAS intermediate suites and workstations. The manpack SIDS configuration will consist of two devices; a man portable device that provides reconnaissance and surveillance units with the capability to electronically disseminate imagery to the MAGTF in near-real-time via tactical communications, and a base station module to receive that imagery and enter it into the IAS hosted SIDS network.

    a.  Performance Capabilities and Characteristics

        Operational Effectiveness:

(1) Rapid transmission time, not to exceed two minutes per image on the IAS-hosted (SIDS-I/E) or 10 seconds (burst transmission) on the SIDS mannack configuration.

(2) For all components a 0.5 maximum allowable National Imagery Interpretation Rating Scale (NIIRS) loss from transmission.

(3) Contain a data storage capability on the IAShosted SIDS (SIDS-E/SIDS-I) configurations and manpack SIDS. The volume of data storage will vary with the equipment configuration. All storage units will have a compression capability and will store images on removable diskettes.

(4) Reproduction capability of approximately nine inches by nine inches hard copy product in one minute with 126 shades of -tray, collocated with IAS hosted SIDS, (SIDS-I/E).

(5) Image processing capable of gray scale, rotation, zoom, and negative inverse.

             (6) Mensuration capability desired.

b.  System Performance. The IAS-hosted configurations (SIDS-I/E) can be expected to be in operation an average of 22 hours a day. The average processing time per image will be five minutes. This includes receipt, manipulation, and annotation of each image. The IAS-hosted (SIDS-I/E) configurations will operate on the same power source as the IAS host. The manpack component will operate on an average of 10 hours a day throughout the course of a 30 day reconnaissance and surveillance patrol. The manpack configuration will be battery powered.

       (1) Physical characteristics

(a) The IAS-hosted configurations (SIDS-I/E) will consist of modular equipment, with requisite software, attached as hardware and software enhancements to IAS equipment. The manpack SIDS will consist of a dissemination terminal and power source. Total weight of the manpack component will not exceed a 12 pound (5 kg) threshold, 7 pounds (3.5 kg) being desired, and will not be larger than 400 cubic inches.

(b) The IAS-hosted configurations (SIDS-I/E) will display soft copy imagery on the screen of the IAS Host. The SIDS will be capable of rotating, limited mensurating, and annotating the soft copy imagery.

         (2) User information characteristics

(a) The IAS-hosted configurations (SIDS-I/E) will be capable of displaying latitude-longitude or Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) grid location, north arrow, date/time of imagery, and classification. Soft copy imagery processing will be accomplished on the IAS host by interfacing SIDS software with IAS hardware. Therefore, no controls other than the IAS host controls will be required, except for a on/of switch for the imagery reproduction system.

(b) The SIDS manpack configuration will be capable of receiving imagery product from a hand held Non-Developmental Item "filmless" camera, displaying it on a screen that is not smaller than five inches (12.7 cm) by five inches (12.7 cm), and transmitting that imagery beyond line of sight over secure single channel radio. The manpack is not required to manipulate the imagery, but must be capable of displaying it. Controls must include system power on/off, standby, battery power indicator.

    c.  Logistics and Readiness

(1) MTBOMF. The required MTBOMF for the SIDS modules and manpack is 720 hours with 1,000 hours desired.

(2) Operational Availability (A°). The A° for the SIDS modules and manpack is 96.9 required and 97.8 desired.

(3) Maintenance Skill Requirements. The SIDS I/E will not require an increase in maintenance personnel, but intermediate maintenance personnel (MOS 2821) will require additional training. SIDS manpack will require additional maintenance Personnel.

    d.  Critical System Characteristics

(1) Countermeasures. No electronic countermeasures are required.

(2) Nuclear Survivability. Electromagnetic Pulse hardeninq is required for non-IAS hosted components.

(3) Power Source and Mounting. Since the IAS-hosted configurations (SIDS E/I) hardware and software enhancements to IAS will operate on the same power sources as IAS, SIDS E/I will be able to operate on the standard Marine Corps mobile electric power (MEP) generating 50/60 Hz, 120/208 V AC, standard commercial power or tactical vehicle battery power. The manpack SIDS will use batteries common to Marine Corps tactical communications equipment. The manpack SIDS will intermittently operate for 10 hours, with a duty cycle of 1 minute transmit to 10 minutes receive, without changing batteries. Manpack SIDS devices will be man-transportable in one carrying pouch. The pouch will be an SL-3 component of the manpack SIDS. There is no mounting requirement for the manpack SIDS.

(4) Environmental Constraints. The SIDS equipment shall operate without degradation in all climates and environments that Marines may encounter. Operating temperature range must be at least -10 centigrade (c) to +50c, and -25(c) to +65(c) in storage. The equipment must operate in all humidity levels to 100 percent. The IAS-hosted confiqurations must be resistant to extreme sand and dust conditions. Manpack devices must be resistant to saltwater and extreme sand and dust conditions. Also, the manpack must be able to withstand the shock attainable during a parachute opening maneuver (i.e., 8 Gs instantaneous). Proper operation is required after the receiver is immersed to a depth of 32 feet (9.8 meters) for two hours.

5.  Integrated Logistics Support (ILS)

    a.  Maintenance Planning

(1) SIDS equipment will be regular density equipment. Organizational level maintenance will consist of a built in test which will indicate if the component can send and receive imaqery.

(2) Intermediate level maintenance will fault isolate to assembly/sub-assembly level and will replace failed assembly/ sub-assembly as authorized. SIDS components must be compatible with Automated Test Equipment that is fielded. Built-in-test (BIT) is desired.

(3) Depot level maintenance will fault-isolate to component/piece part and may require contractor support. Contract maintenance is not desirable, but can be identified as part of a warranty agreement when support equipment will not adapt to the tactical situation or when combat readiness is below established levels. Every effort will be made to accommodate an ILS concept consistent with the requirements set forth in military standard MIL-STD 1388-1A.

b.  Support Equipment. BIT capability shall be automatic and commensurate with the need to minimize special test equipment. The test equipment will have a MTBOFM of 95 percent. Size and weight of special test equipment will be kept to a minimum. The required mean time to repair (MTTR) for organizational level maintenance will be less than 0.5 hours and the MTTR for intermediate level maintenance will be less than 1.0 hour. To the maximum extent possible, general support test equipment and common tools resident in Marine Corps inventory will be used to perform all authorized levels of maintenance. Tools and test equipment required, but not resident in the Marine Corps inventory, will be identified as special tools and special test equipment.

c.  Human Systems Integration

(1) IAS-hosted configurations (SIDS-I/E) will be modules connected to IAS hardware. These modules will be as small and lightweight as technology allows.

(2) The SIDS manpack will be ruggedized and transportable in a lightweight, water resistant case. Receiver controls and display on the manpack will be visible under all light conditions in day and night operations. Light intensity will be adjustable and will not interfere with the use of night vision goggles. The manpack must be usable by a Marine outfitted in any level of mission oriented protective posture and cold weather uniform to include standard military issue gloves or cold weather mittens.

(3) There will be no increase in current structure or manning level to operate or support SIDS.

(4) Training to operate the IAS-hosted configurations (SIDS-I/E) will be accomplished as part of the training required for IAS operations. SIDS employment on an IAS host is simply different software employed on the same machine. IAS operators will be taught operating features, hardware configuration, and software application of the SIDS. The training objective for manpack SIDS is to train Marines in reconnaissance and surveillance units to successfully utilize the manpack to receive, annotate, and disseminate imagery collected by hand held camera equipment. Operators will be taught system description, design characteristics, operating features, hardware configuration, isolation of malfunctions, and battery replacement.

(5) Maintenance personnel will require some formal training for organizational and intermediate level of repair. This impact should be minimal. Depot level repair may require contractor support.

d.  Computer Resources. SIDS software will use an open system architecture to ensure that the software can be ported to other systems for use by DoD components. No additional computer support resources are required because SIDS is hosted on IAS.

    e.  Other Logistical Considerations. None.

6.  Infrastructure Support and Interoperatility

a.  Command. Control. Communications, and Intelligence. SIDS configurations will integrate into the MAGTF C3I architecture through IAS and will employ DODIIS standards. The IAS-hosted configurations (SIDS-I/E) will be hosted on IAS hardware while the manpack configuration will integrate imagery collected by reconnaissance and surveillance units with the IAS hosted SIDS imagery.

b.  Transportation and Basing. SIDS equipment will be manportable and transportable on any tactical ground vehicle.

c.  Standardization. Interoperabilitv and Commonalitv. SIDS will be compliant with DoD mandated standard, National Imagery Transmission Format Standard (NITFS). SIDS will comply with TACO-2 communications protocol.

    d.  Related Efforts

(1) USAF Required Operational Capability, number 6-70, Tactical Imagery Transmission Systems, 9 June 1970.

(2) USA draft Operational Requirements Document, Mobile Integrated Tactical Terminal, 21 November 1991.

e.  Eneray/Environmental Impacts. SIDS is not an energy intensive system. The electronic dissemination of imagery will reduce energy consumption through more efficient operations.

f.  Mapping, Charting. and Geodesy Support. Imagery data must be available in terms of latitude and longitude, the Military Grid Reference System, and Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM). SIDS must be capable of geolocating points on either a UTM or latitude/longitude reference system with a circular probability of error of 100 meters.

7.  Force Structure

a.  The distribution and quantities of SIDS is contained in Annex A.

    b.  The life cycle cost estimate is contained in Annex B.

8.  Schedule Considerations. An initial operational capability of 2d quarter FY94 is required. A full operational capability of 4th quarter FY96 is desired.

    TABLE OF DISTRIBTUION (CONTINUED)

SIDS INTERNAL

UNIT NO TOTAL
ITP 1 3
CIT 1 5
MAFC 1 6
SARC 1 3
NMITC 4 4
MCSG 16 16
RESERVES
DIV HQ 1 1
MAW HQ 1 1
INF REGT 1 3
ARTY REGT 1 1
MAG HQ 1 4
217

MANPACK SIDS DEVICES

M B

FORCE RECON

I/II MEF 15 7 30 14
III MEF 8 4 8 4
RESERVES 18 6 36 12
RECON COMPANY 9 3 54 18
RESERVES 9 3 45 15
LAR BN
I/II MEF 18 2 36 4
LAR CO
III MEF 6 2 6 2
LFTC 4 2 8 4
223 73

M = MANPACK DEVICE
B = BASE STATION DEVICE