070296_cia_74531_74531_01.txt
Subject: IRAQ'S NON-USE OF CHEMICAL WEAPO

Not Finally Evaluated Intelligence







TO FACILITATE ELECTRONIC ACCESS, THIS DOCUMENT HAS BEEN

REFORMATTED TO ELIMINATE INFORMATION THAT DOES NOT PERTAIN

TO GULF WAR ILLNESS ISSUES OR THAT IS CLASSIFIED. A COPY OF

THIS REDACTED DOCUMENT, IN ORIGINAL FORMAT, IS AVAILABLE ON

REQUEST.







AUG 95







CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY

WARNING: INFORMATION REPORT, NOT FINALLY EVALUATED INTELLIGENCE







COUNTRY:  IRAQ



SUBJ:  COMMENTS ON IRAQ'S NON-USE OF CHEMICAL OR BIOLOGICAL

WEAPONS DURING THE GULF WAR







2. HUSAYN KAMIL HASAN AL-((MAJID)),

FORMER IRAQI MINISTER OF INDUSTRY AND MINERALS, FLATLY AND

EMPHATICALLY DENIED THAT IRAQ USED CHEMICAL OR BIOLOGICAL WEAPONS

DURING THE GULF WAR. KAMIL STATED THAT IN SEVERAL MEETINGS A

PROPOSAL TO USE CHEMICAL WEAPONS AGAINST THE COALITION WAS TABLED,

AND PERHAPS (HIS RECOLLECTION WAS SOMEWHAT UNCLEAR ON THIS POINT)

THE PROPOSAL WAS ADVOCATED BY SADDAM'S SONS 'UDAY SADDAM

((HUSAYN)) AND QUSAY SADDAM ((HUSAYN)) AND BY SADDAM'S

BROTHER-IN-LAW SABBAWI AL-((TIKRITI)). KAMIL CLAIMED HE STRONGLY

OPPOSED USING CHEMICAL OR BIOLOGICAL WEAPONS DURING THE GULF WAR.

HE SAID THAT THE IRAQI COMMAND BECAME CONVINCED THAT THE UNITED

STATES WOULD USE TACTICAL NUCLEAR WEAPONS AGAINST IRAQ IF IRAQ

USED CHEMICAL OR BIOLOGICAL WEAPONS AGAINST THE COALITION. HE

SAID THAT IRAQ WAS AWARE OF THE DANGERS OF USING CHEMICALS AND

THAT THEREFORE "NOTHING HAPPENED."



3. KAMAL SAID THAT IRAQ HAD NOT PREPARED TO USE CHEMICAL

WEAPONS DURING THE WAR OR HAD MOVED ANY CHEMICAL WEAPONS INTO

KUWAIT. UPON FURTHER CONSIDERATION, HOWEVER, HE DEMURRED, SAYING

THAT HE WAS NOT SURE, BUT HE COULD NOT REMEMBER CLEARLY. HE

SHRUGGED OFF THE QUESTION--TO HIM THE MORE IMPORTANT FACT WAS THAT

THE WEAPONS WERE NEVER USED.







5. KAMIL SAID COALITION ATTACKS ON CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL

FACILITIES HAD NOT HAD ANY ADVERSE ENVIRONMENTAL/HEALTH IMPACT ON

IRAQI CITIZENS. HE SAID CIVILIANS DID NOT KNOW ABOUT THE CHEMICAL

WEAPONS FACILITIES AND WERE NOT PRESENT. HE MUSED THAT THE

COALITION MADE MANY MISTAKES WHEN IT ATTACKED TARGETS IN IRAQ. HE

SAID THE IRAQI COMMAND NOTED THAT THE MILK FACTORY WAS COMPLETELY

DESTROYED BY ATTACKS, BUT THE CHEMICAL PRODUCTION FACILITIES WERE

ONLY PARTIALLY DAMAGED. ASKED WHETHER THE MILK FACTORY HAD ANY

LINK TO CHEMICAL WEAPONS OR BIOLOGICAL WEAPONS PROGRAMS, KAMIL

SAID ABSOLUTELY NONE. THE FACTORY MADE MILK. IT HAD NO

IMPORTANCE FOR ANY OTHER PURPOSE.



6. KAMIL REPEATED THAT THE HEMORRHAGIC FEVER VIRUS WAS

DEVELOPED AT THE FOOT AND MOUTH CENTER LOCATED AT DAWRA.







HUSYAN KAMIL STRONGLY IMPLIED THAT HE KNEW,

BUT WOULD NOT SAY, WHAT TYPE OF HEMORRHAGIC FEVER VIRUS THE IRAQIS

HAD DEVELOPED. HE ALSO REFUSED TO GIVE ADDITIONAL DETAILS ABOUT

WEAPONIZATION OF BIOLOGICAL AGENTS. HE WOULD NOT COMMENT ON

WHETHER IRAQ HAD DESIGNED OR MANUFACTURED BOMBS, ARTILLERY ROUNDS,

OR MISSILE WARHEADS FOR DELIVERY OF BIOLOGICAL WEAPONS. ASKED HOW

IRAQ INTENDED TO DELIVER THE STOCKS OF ANTHRAX AND BOTULINUM TOXIN

THAT IT RECENTLY DECLARED TO THE UNITED NATIONS, KAMAL WONDERED,

"WHAT DECLARATION?" HE APPEARED UNFAMILIAR WITH THE DETAILS OF

THE RECENT BIOLOGICAL WEAPONS DECLARATION.







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