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III. Space Imaging Systems


1891 First proposal (Rahrmann) for using a rocket as a photo platform.
1908 Maul (Germany) develops gyro-stabilized camera mounted on rocket (launched by 1912).
1946 Space pictures obtained from V-2 rockets launched at White Sands Proving Ground (New Mexico).
1957 Launch of Sputnik 1 by USSR.
1960 Images obtained from U.S. meteorological satellite TIROS-1.
1961 Orbital photographs from unmanned Mercury spacecraft MA-4, followed by astronaut photographs from MA-8 and MA-9.
1964 Nimbus research meteorological satellite program begins; TV and other sensors.
1965 First manned Gemini flight (GT-3), with some color photos.
1965 Gemini GT-4 space photography experiments.
1965 Recommendation of ERTS (Landsat) program by U.S. Department of Interior to NASA.
1966 Launch of ATS series of geosynchronous satellites, with imaging sensors, followed by SMS (GOES) series beginning in 1974
1967 Apollo mission Earth-orbital flights (Apollo-6, -7) culminating in SO65 multispectral photography experiment on Apollo-9 (1968)
1972 Launch of ERTS-1 (Landsat); Landsat-2 (1975); Landsat-3 (1978)
1972-73 Skylab launch; series of experiments by astronauts with EREP (Earth Resources Experiment Package).
1975 Apollo-Soyuz flight; some photography.
1978 Seasat-1 launched in June (failed after 99 days).
1978 Heat Capacity Mapping Mission (HCMM), first AEM.
1979 Nimbus-7 launched.

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Primary Author: Nicholas M. Short, Sr. email: nmshort@ptd.net