III. Space Imaging Systems
First proposal (Rahrmann) for using a rocket as a photo platform.
Maul (Germany) develops gyro-stabilized camera mounted on rocket (launched by 1912).
Space pictures obtained from V-2 rockets launched at White Sands Proving Ground (New Mexico).
Launch of Sputnik 1 by USSR.
Images obtained from U.S. meteorological satellite TIROS-1.
Orbital photographs from unmanned Mercury spacecraft MA-4, followed by astronaut photographs from MA-8 and MA-9.
Nimbus research meteorological satellite program begins; TV and other sensors.
First manned Gemini flight (GT-3), with some color photos.
Gemini GT-4 space photography experiments.
Recommendation of ERTS (Landsat) program by U.S. Department of Interior to NASA.
Launch of ATS series of geosynchronous satellites, with imaging sensors, followed by SMS (GOES) series beginning in 1974
Apollo mission Earth-orbital flights (Apollo-6, -7) culminating in SO65 multispectral photography experiment on Apollo-9 (1968)
Launch of ERTS-1 (Landsat); Landsat-2 (1975); Landsat-3 (1978)
Skylab launch; series of experiments by astronauts with EREP (Earth Resources Experiment Package).
Apollo-Soyuz flight; some photography.
Seasat-1 launched in June (failed after 99 days).
Heat Capacity Mapping Mission (HCMM), first AEM.
Primary Author: Nicholas M. Short, Sr. email: [email protected]