ACCESSION NUMBER:250133 FILE ID:POL205 DATE:10/27/92 TITLE:U.N. CONTINUES TO LOOK FOR IRAQI WEAPONS (10/27/92) TEXT:*92102705.POL U.N. CONTINUES TO LOOK FOR IRAQI WEAPONS (Cites doubts about Saddam's intentions) (620) By Judy Aita USIA United Nations Correspondent United Nations -- The United Nations Special Commission destroying Iraq's chemical, biological, nuclear and ballistic missiles is continuing its search for the outlawed weapons because "there is a high degree of skepticism" among Security Council member countries about Saddam Hussein's intentions, a U.N. expert says. "Very few believe that Iraq really will cooperate with us," Ambassador Rolf Ekeus declared at a news conference October 27 at the United Nations. Ekeus, chairman of the special U.N. Commission (UNSCOM), returned recently from consultations with Security Council members in London and Paris to assess UNSCOM's work and explore how to proceed with the long-term monitoring and other aspects of the cease-fire resolution. According to Ekeus, UNSCOM's 45th inspection team is midway through its search for Iraqi SCUD missiles and their production systems, operational details, and suppliers. While Ekeus said the mission has uncovered "some very interesting 1evelopments" in visits to some suspected sites, it has failed to find any of the 200 Scuds intelligence sources believe Iraq is hiding. The ambassador explained that the team is looking for information on development and acquisition of fuel, the ballistic missile's very complex guidance system, and how launchers were used during the Iran/Iraq and Persian Gulf wars. From that information, the commission may be able to determine the number of Iraqi missiles remaining. The United Nations has destroyed 139 Scud missiles and launchers in the past year. But intelligence sources have estimated that Iraq imported some 890 missiles from the former Soviet Union before and during the Iran/Iraq war. It subsequently developed "a very successful program" to modify the missiles to increase their range and used them during the gulf war, Ekeus noted. Ekeus also said that the commission's analysts have found no evidence so far to support a U.S. claim that Iraq has hidden nuclear weapons facilities, but he said UNSCOM will continue with U-2 reconnaissance flights to search for such evidence. While Iraq has cooperated somewhat with the present mission, Ekeus noted that Saddam Hussein has made inflammatory statements about the U.N. group "which of course cannot other than create great concerns. Our team in Iraq has been subjected to low level harassment; there is still psychological warfare which has been very disturbing for us. On the other side, on the professional level, there are some positive activities." One of the keys to an improved relationship with the council would be Baghdad's willingness to reveal details of Iraq's supply network, the ambassador said. "For us the supply pattern is of the utmost importance for outlining finally if Iraq is complying with the resolution," he said, noting that "this is probably the most jealously guarded secret" Iraq has. The U.N. cease-fire resolution specifically links the destruction of weapons with the lifting of the oil embargo, Ekeus noted, adding that he has been talking with Security Council members about providing Iraq "with some sort of carrot; namely, if Iraq has completely fulfilled all its obligations under the resolution, is the council then ready to take some action as a consequence of that." But, the ambassador said, "Iraq has not so far fulfilled its obligations. We have not implemented the first stage of the cease-fire," and the governments are too skeptical of Saddam Hussein to even begin such a discussion. Of special importance in the current inspection work will be to determine "how Iraq intends to act" in fulfilling its other obligations to UNSCOM, Ekeus said. "A forthcoming attitude from Iraq will create a more interesting political situation." NNNN .