ACCESSION NUMBER:235061 FILE ID:PO-104 DATE:07/13/92 TITLE:BUSH ANNOUNCES COMPREHENSIVE NONPROLIFERATION PLAN (07/13/92) TEXT:*92071304.POL BUSH ANNOUNCES COMPREHENSIVE NONPROLIFERATION PLAN (Effort focuses on areas where danger is acute) (440) By Edmund F. Scherr USIA Diplomatic Correspondent Washington -- President Bush July 13 announced a series of steps to increase U.S. efforts to halt the spread of weapons of mass destruction and outlined proposals to strengthen international actions to thwart proliferation of such weapons and the missiles that deliver them. The president's initiative included a U.S. decision not to produce plutonium and highly-enriched uranium for nuclear explosive purposes. A White House document on the presidential initiative said that the United States "will focus special efforts on those areas where the dangers of proliferation remain acute, notably the Middle East, the Gulf, South Asia and the Korean peninsula." During a background briefing on the president's proposals, a senior administration official cited the "considerable achievements" in nonproliferation efforts during the past three years, including increased international controls over the export of items that could be used in the development of nuclear and chemical weapons and missiles. The United States has been a leader in making nonproliferation a global issue, he said, noting that nonproliferation is now a major item on the foreign policy agenda of many other nations. Bush's new proposals, he said, seek to increase international cooperation in stopping the spread of weapons of mass destruction. The discovery of the weapons programs in Iraq after the Persian Gulf war, he noted, accelerated international efforts in the nonproliferation area. 1ommenting on one aspect of the president's initiative, the official noted that while the United States, as a "practice," has not produced plutonium since 1988, the decision announced July 13 reflects "a strong American commitment" in this area. This is also true in the case of highly-enriched uranium, which the United States has not produced for many years, he added. The official also pointed out that the United States wants to see the international community develop "real enforcement" measures to enforce nonproliferation regimes -- including the use of U.N. Security Council embargoes and new forms of international inspections. The following principles are included in Bush's nonproliferation initiative: -- The United States will build on existing global norms against proliferation and, where possible, strengthen and broaden them; -- The United States will focus special efforts on those areas where the dangers of proliferation remain acute; -- U.S. nonproliferation policy will seek the broadest possible multilateral support, while continuing to show leadership on critical issues, and -- The United States will address the proliferation issue through the entire range of political, diplomatic, economic, intelligence, regional security, export controls and other tools available. NNNN .