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FAS Project on Intelligence Reform

Counterintelligence /Human Intelligence (CI/HUMINT)
CI/HUMINT Information Management Systems (CHIMS)
CI/HUMINT Automated Tool Set (CHATS)
CI/HUMINT All Source Integration System (CHASIS)

The Counterintelligence/Human Intelligence Information Management Systems (CHIMS) is a family of systems that will enhance counter intelligence/human intelligence analysis at several echelons. The CHIMS will provide interoperability/connectivity to tactical, theater and National systems, storage and manipulation of map and overlays, database management, preparation of intelligence reports, message auto-parsing of selected message types, imagery capability, analyst tools, resource asset management and office/ADP operations. CHIMS is designed to provide automation support for Army tactical counterintelligence and human intelligence (CI/HUMINT) information collection, investigation, interrogation, operation, document exploitation, and force protecting requirements from battalion to echelon above corps (EAC) levels. All components provide CI/HUMINT personnel with the ability to process, analyze, and disseminate collected information of tactical relevancy in a timely manner. Current planning envisions the capability for information exchange between CHATS and the CI/HUMINT Remote Workstations (RWS) located at MI Battalions, and Brigades. In turn, the CI/HUMINT RWS will provide processed information to ASAS CI/HUMINT Single-Source Workstations (CI/H SS WS) at the MI Brigade Analysis Control Team (ACT), and the Division Analysis Control Element (ACE).

The Counterintelligence /Human Intelligence (CI/HUMINT) Automated Tool Set (CHATS) is suite of hardware designed to meet the unique requirements of CI/HUMINT teams operating in the field. CHATS is composed of a laptop computer complimented with scanner, digital camera, color printer, Precision Lightweight Global Positioning System Receiver (PLGR), Secure Telephone Unit (STU) 1910 for secure data communications, external Zip drive, Special Purpose-Tactical Communications Interface Module (SP-TCIM), and a "Toby" cable used to connect CHATS to the Single Channel Ground and Airborne Radio System (SINCGARS).

Operating up to the SECRET level and using the CHASIS software suite, the system provides agents the capability to manage assets and analyze information collected through investigations, interrogations, collection, and document exploitation. With CHATS, CI units may electronically store collected information in a local database, associate information with digital photography, and transmit/receive information over existing military and civilian communications. The CHATS provides these functions primarily with COTS software operating in a laptop computer within a hardened transport case. The CHATS is assigned one per CI/HUMINT team and its primary function is to send intelligence to the Counterintelligence/Interrogator Operations Workstation (CI/I Ops WS). CHATS can receive intelligence and information from the CI/I Ops WS and the ASAS Remote Workstation (RWS). When fully fielded, the CHATS will enhance seamless integration of CI/HUMINT information from the CI/IPW Team to intelligence units at ECB and EAC.

The Product Director, CI/HUMINT Management Systems (CHIMS) will issue the CHATS to Echelons Corps and Below (ECB) units in quantities determined by the Training & Doctrine Command. The priority of fielding is determined by DA DCSOPS, DAMO-FDI. Quantities and priorities for EAC units are determined by DA DCSINT and INSCOM. New Equipment Training will be conducted with each fielding. Maintenance support for CHATS/CHASIS is provided by a depot at Fort Hood. Replacement components will be sent to replace inoperable items, which will then be evacuated to the depot. All components are covered by a 3 year maintenance agreement.

Processor

166 MHz Pentium MMX Notebook Computer with 32 MB RAM,
two 2.1 GB removable hard drives, 12.1" Active Matrix screen,
16X CD-ROM, 3 " Floppy disk drive, and PCMCIA slot supporting either two Type II or one Type II and one Type III PCMCIA cards.

Peripherals

Color Ink-Jet Printer, Color Scanner, Digital Camera, 360 MB PCMCIA Hardcard, and 10MB Flashcard for transferring pictures to the computer.

Communications

33.6 and 10BaseT/2 combination Fax/Modem and Ethernet PCMCIA card.

Cases:

Two hardcases with retractable handles and wheels and one soft case.

Accessories:

Power and Phone adapters, cables, AC power supplies, operator manuals.


The CI/HUMINT All Source Integration System (CHASIS) is suite of software designed to operate on the CI/HUMINT Automated Tool Set (CHATS) hardware. With CHASIS, CI units will be able to query stored information in local databases and share databases with like systems. CI/HUMINT Teams will also be able to interactively generate standard messages, and transmit/receive information over existing military and civilian communications. The CHASIS provides these functions with a combination of COTS and tailored software, operating on a CHATS laptop computer within a hardened transport case.

CHASIS is a collection of both commercial off the shelf (COTS) and government developed software. The commercial components provide the operating system, common automation functions, and support for the peripheral suite. The government developed Data Management Tools, Mapping Tools, and Reporting Tools provide mission specific capabilities. These are collectively known as the CI/HUMINT Utilities.

Commercial software capabilities overview. The Hardlock security software provides screen and keyboard security, boot lock, format protection, startup files bypass protection, file access restrictions and audit logs. MGI Photosuite is an image manipulation package for editing and enhancing images from the scanner or the digital camera. The Logitech PageScan software is used in conjunction with the scanner for images as well as OCR text processing. Winzip is a compression utility that allows the user to reduce the size of files and thus reduce transmission times and storage requirements. Netscape Navigator is a Web browser and is also the software required for an interactive connection to a DCIIS server. The system also capitalizes on the integrated communications and networking capabilities of Windows 95.

Mission Specific software capabilities overview. The DCIIS Store and Forward Forms are used for the Reporting Tools and allow the user to create, store, and search standardized CI reports. The software is integrated into Microsoft Word. Data entry is accomplished with specific document templates containing the information to be entered and is facilitated by autopopulated fields and entry pick lists when applicable. Information is stored locally and shared with the Data Management Tool. When DCIIS servers are fielded, this software will also allow an authorized user to upload reports to a server. The DCIIS Store and Forward Forms are currently in prototype. The final version will be included when it is released by DIA.

The Data Management Tools provide a means to access and perform analysis on data imported from the Reporting Tools. Tools are provided for conducting queries on information and event management utilities through keyword alerts. Other tools provide coordinate conversion, linear distance and azimuth operations. Reports and database updates can be transmitted over a variety of communications paths. In particular, a SMTF SALUTE report can be generated for transmission to ASAS. The Data Management Tools work in conjunction with the Mapping Tools to plot either Mil Std 2525 or FM 101-5 symbols on a map. Symbols can be placed on the map manually or from selected reports. Administrative and security features are available to set system options.

The Mapping Tools read both ADRG and CADRG map formats directly from NIMA CD-ROMs or off the hard drive. This package provides image enhancement tools, registration of scanned maps, position tracking, and overlaying of reference lines and DTED Level 1 information.

The provided ethernet card allows the CHATS/CHASIS to communicate over a wide variety of Local Area and Wide Area networks. Specifically, the system can operate over the MSE Tactical Packet Network, the Trojan Spirit Network (collateral LAN ONLY), and collateral garrison LANs. The system can also be connected to a KY-68 to communicate over MSE wireline. With the use of a STU-III and appropriate key material, collateral communications can be established over commercial systems such as analog telephone networks or INMARSAT. The included fax/modem card can be used for unclassified communications over commercial systems. NOTE: an unclassified hard drive must be used in the system for unclassified communications.

The Counterintelligence Operations/Interrogation Facility ASAS Workstation (CI OPS/IF ASAS WS) will be the hub of CI/HUMINT information at the MI Battalion, Brigade, and Division Interrogation Facility. The CI OPS/IF ASAS WS will transmit and receive information from CHASIS workstations (see CHASIS fact sheet) and perform initial message processing. The workstation will consist of an Army Common Hardware/Software (ACHS) High-Capacity Computer Unit (HCU) or a Transportable Computer Unit (TCU), running a tailored set of CI/HUMINT analysis software. It will operate up to the SECRET level, and be capable of stand-alone or LAN operations.

The Counterintelligence/Interrogator Operations Workstation (CI/I Ops) will provide CI/HUMINT automation support to deployed CI/HUMINT organizational elements. It consists of a standard ASAS Remote Workstation (RWS) with CI/HUMINT applications, organic communications, and a communications processor capable of interfacing with the area communications system, IEW special purpose communications, Combat Net Radio (CNR), and emerging Army communication systems. The CI/I WS operates at the SECRET collateral level and is capable of operation either individually in an off-line configuration, or as an integrated system connected via a LAN or emerging networks (WAN, etc). The WS provides automation for unit level operational and asset management of CI/HUMINT operations and activities. The CI/I Ops WS dovetails with the BLK II RWS Integrated ACE schedule. Research Development Testing and Evaluation (RDTE) is to commence FY00.

The The Individual Team-member Reporting Tool (ITRT) will be a light-weight handheld device with a primary function of message preparation and dissemination in a field environment. It will be capable of receiving messages such as tasking messages from the team leader and preparing and disseminating reports and digital imagery to the CHATS. The ITRT will interface directly with the team leader tool (CHATS) via docking, Combat Net Radio (CNR), area communications or other communications when the agent/collector operates away from the base location. The ITRT will evolve with the expectation of a fielding date in FY00.

Sources and Methods



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http://www.fas.org/irp/program/collect/ci-humint.htm
Maintained by Steven Aftergood
Created by John Pike
Updated Wednesday, February 23, 2000 12:50:41 PM