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FAS Project on Intelligence Reform

Imagery Modernization Program (IMP)

The Intelligence community made the decision to move away from hard-copy film for imagery analysis and to migrate to a total digital or soft-copy environment under United States Imaging Systems (USIS) 2000 architecture. Completed in late 1997, the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) Imagery Modernization Program (IMP) culminated an evolutionary effort to decrease analyst dependence on hardcopy imagery production and courier-based distribution. The now fully operational, standards-based program, provides end-to-end softcopy capability for DIA all-source analysts and NIMA imagery analysts served by the DIA LAN. The IMP effectively modernized all aspects of the former DIA imagery environment from image acquisition, archive, and distribution through exploitation, production and storage to product generation, dissemination, display, and printing.

Providing all hardware, software, user training, and GTE on-site support, the program has 48 full frame resolution workstations (FFWS) and nearly 500 desktop production workstations with DIEPS 5.1-2 and ERDAS IMAGINE 8.2 commercial imagery software. The operational data sources for IMP include three NIMA IDEX facilities, each using enhanced IDEX data servers, the IDEX Secondary Transmit and Route (STAR), and commercial imagery from the NIMA Commercial Satellite Imagery Library. Product dissemination interfaces include the Image Product Archives, 5D server, and INTELINK connectivity. Available to users in six DIA and NIMA locations (Bolling AFB, NIMA Navy Yard, Pentagon, Crystal City, Virginia, Huntsville, Alabama, and Fredrick, Maryland), the IMP uses the established DIA ATM network supplemented by JWICS to provide connectivity to customers worldwide. In addition to the workstations themselves, numerous peripheral devices, including scanners, digitizers, tape and CD readers, and high quality image printers, are also part of the IMP.

The keystone of the IMP, however, is the full frame resolution workstation (FFWS). A total of 48 operational FFWS have been installed all using commercial hardware platforms from DEC and SUN with dual, high resolution color monitors, up to 1 GB of RAM and up to 60 GBs of data storage. Using GTE's commercial DIEPS 5.1-2 package, analysts on the FFWS have the capability to rapidly access multiple current and historic national imagery and map sources. The FFWS, through DIEPS provides the analyst with continuous roam, zoom, rotation, image enhancement, and mensuration with integrated softcopy map display and manipulation, and desktop production support. Tailored products, using DIEPS templates and overlays, are created by analysts to meet the needs of customers and disseminated electronically via the network for subsequent reproduction at the customer site. Since the products are NITFS compliant, customers may use any NITFS compliant software to easily display the products and provide instant feedback which is so critical in the end-to-end softcopy process.

The imagery organization at the NGIC at Charlottesville accomplished much of this objective with the total implementation/integration of: (1) a Defense Dissemination System (DDS-IV) digital imagery data link (DE), Initial Operational Capability (IOC) June 97; (2) High-end scientific workstations for both Imagery Analysts and Image Scientists; (3) Geospatial Information manager for interaction between DE and on-line/off-line storage; (4) Multi-purpose software to include DIEPS, KHOROS, E-MET, IMAGE ALCHEMY, MATRIX, JDISS, RULER, VITEC ELT; (5) Database Systems, i.e. RMS, ALE, IESS, GIM, IPA, BUD, DIDOP; and (6) Hardware, i.e. DE, Intergraph microstation CAD workstations, Sun SPARC Stereo image workstations and servers, Eagle Scanner, HP 650C color plotter and Kodak 8600 printer. Each of these systems were either in use in, or scheduled for delivery into, the NGIC imagery environment. The NGIC PATHFINDER Program Management Office (PMO), located at Charlottesville, VA, is responsible for delivery and maintenance of the NGIC PATHFINDER migration system to the DoDIIS Community.

Sources and Methods



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http://www.fas.org/irp/program/core/imp.htm
Created by John Pike
Maintained by Steven Aftergood

Updated Saturday, November 21, 1998 2:19:12 PM