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FAS Project on Intelligence Reform

Tactical Information Broadcast Service [TIBS]

Tactical Information Broadcast Service [TIBS] is a theater UHF LOS or satellite-interactive network. The TIBS can support up to 10 producers, 50 query nodes, and an unlimited number of receive-only users. The TIBS operates at the SECRET collateral level. The TIBS network of continuous, secure broadcast of data among producers and subscribers provides a near-realtime, multi-sensor, multi-source situational awareness and threat warning information broadcast to the warfighter. The primary function of TIBS is to provide near-realtime tactical information to the battle commanders for targeting, battle management, and situational awareness. After the intelligence and information is collected and processed, TIBS supports the rapid, global dissemination of the battle situation to the warfighter at all levels of command in a common, readily understood format, and in sufficient time to react to the data.

Four important networks support the dissemination of tactical intelligence. The Tactical Receive Applications (TRAP) and Tactical Data Exchange System Broadcast (TADIXS-B) broadcast networks disseminate global detection and cueing information to users worldwide. The Tactical Information Broadcast Service (TIBS) network disseminates theater area information with tracking accuracy. The Tactical Reconnaissance Intelligence Exchange System (TRIXS) network disseminates tactical intelligence with targeting accuracy.

The TIBS network is connected through a common UHF channel selected from a range of 225-400 MHz using SATCOM or LOS communication system. It can support a variable number of active data producers and subscribers, as well as an unlimited number of receive-only terminals. A TIBS node can either be a Network Master, Alternate Master, Network Manager, Remote User, or Receive-only User. In order to receive TIBS information, a TIBS node requires a satellite communications receiver and/or transmitter, a message processor, and a graphics display. The network uses dynamic time division multiple access (DTDMA) protocol in near-realtime updates.

Air Force TIBS terminals are typically deployed as part of a C2 unit or at the Air Operations Center [AOC] level, and is a theater asset used by the Rivet Joint sensor.

TIBS is being integrated into the Integrated Broadcast Service approved by the ASD(C3I)in 1996. The IBS standardized protocols, with compatible hardware and software, were directed by the 1996 House Intelligence Bill. As a part of a larger Intelligence Systems Secretariat/ Intelligence Systems Board (ISS/ ISB) intelligence migration initiative to reduce the number of separate intelligence systems, the Broadcast/ Receive Working Group was formed in 1994 to examine the existing Ultra High Frequency (UHF) intelligence broadcast services and one emerging concept for combining the services (Binocular). The group's objective was to uncover and examine issues surrounding the potential combining of service functionality into a smaller number of services– functional re-dundancy, inefficiency, and impacts on the user; resource duplication; formatting issues; band-width contention and to make recommendations concerning concepts warranting further study.

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http://www.fas.org/irp/program/disseminate/tibs.htm
Maintained by Steven Aftergood
Created by John Pike
Updated Tuesday, January 19, 1999 6:50:53 PM