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AN/TSQ-190 TROJAN / TROJAN SPIRIT II
Communications Central

The Communications Central is an intelligence dissemination satellite terminal which provides communications access for intelligence processing and dissemination systems. The TROJAN SPIRIT II, or TS II, is the linchpin system for providing information connectivity to the military intelligence (MI) battlefield operating system. It supports fast-paced, flexible Army operations by providing tactical commanders with mission critical, high capacity intelligence information via voice, facsimile, digital traffic, and secondary imagery. The AN/TSQ-190(V) TROJAN Special Purpose Intelligence Remote Integrated Terminal [TROJAN SPIRIT II] is an intelligence dissemination satellite terminal that provides access for intelligence processing and dissemination systems. This system consists of secure voice, data, facsimile, video and secondary imagery dissemination capabilities. The system will receive, display, and transmit digital imagery, weather and terrain products, templates, graphics and text between CONUS/OCONUS bases and deployed forces.

The Communications Central extends the current worldwide TROJAN fixed station architecture to the tactical intelligence force structure in a mobile configuration. It has alternative communications capabilities down to brigade level and uses existing external ac/dc power sources, or the on-board tunnel-mounted 10kw diesel generator. Supporting components are:

The SPIRIT II program, a follow-on to SPIRIT I, provides a much more robust terminal and increased capability. TS II is a near-term fix for high-capacity imagery data communications capability.

The system's SATCOM system supports up to 14 circuits (8 SCI and 6 collateral) using variable baud rates from 4.8 to 512 kbps per channel on C, Ku, or X frequency bands. System connectivity capability includes DSNET1 and DSNET3, MSE, and Tactical Packet Network (TPN) interfaces, as well as LAN connectivity. The TROJAN SPIRIT II is shelter mounted on two HMMWVs. It ties into TDN as a mobile switch extension from tactical. The system's two workstations also allow the operators to receive and disseminate secondary imagery, SIGINT databases and reports, and UAV video. This capability allows the TROJAN SPIRIT to serve as a temporary communications set for the ACE during redeployment or split-based operations.

The TROJAN SPIRIT II combines the Trojan Data Network with mobile switch extensions to offer a worldwide, forward-deployed, quick-reaction reporting and analysis link. This corps and division asset provides dedicated intelligence communications that is intended to augment EAC and ECB in-theater communications. It will conduct split-based, inter- and intra-theater operations through the range of military operations. It is intended to augment EAC and ECB in-theater communications.

Connectivity is provided through the Fort Belvoir TROJAN switching center which currently connects TROJAN systems at various US bases with front-end antenna arrays located worldwide. The Communications Central combines this network with mobile switch extensions to offer a worldwide, forward-deployed, quick reaction reporting and analysis link.

The TROJAN Data Network [TDN] is a router, TCP or IP based network. It is overlaid on the communications network that links the AN/FSQ-144(V) TROJAN CLASSIC central operating facilities and switch extensions at various US bases with remote collection facilities worldwide. The TDN is subdivided into three electronically and physically separated networks that correspond to the three security levels required of the system. As with the TROJAN CLASSIC architecture, the TDN has a TROJAN Network Control Center in the TROJAN Switch Center at Fort Belvoir, VA, to provide configuration control and network management. The three networks of the TDN are--

TROJAN Data Network-1 (TDN-1). The TDN-1 operates at the SECRET security level and is the gateway to DSNET1. It provides data exchange between TROJAN Classic facilities, switch extensions, and Special Purpose Intelligence Remote Integrated Terminals (SPIRITs).

TROJAN Data Network-2 (TDN-2). The TDN-2 operates at the TOP SECRET/SCI level. It provides data exchange between selected TROJAN sites requiring access to the NSA network.

TROJAN Data Network-3 (TDN-3). The TDN-3 operates at the TOP SECRET/SCI security level and is the gateway to JWICS. It provides data exchange between TROJAN CLASSIC facilities, switch extensions, and SPIRITs.

AN/TSQ-190(V)
System Characteristics
  • Secure satellite voice and data communications
  • Primary Heavy HMMWV Shelter (PHS) and Spare Equipment and Maintenance (SEM) Shelter mounted on M1097 (HHVs).
  • Mobile Antenna Platform (MAP) 2.4 meter C-/Ku-band Satcom Antenna mounted on a high mobility flat deck trailer.
  • X-Band 5.5 meter antenna mounted on separate trailer.
  • Back-up communications include an LST-5C SATCOM radio and an International Maritime Satellite (INMARSAT) telephone.
AN/TSQ-190(V) System Capabilities
  • PHS MUX can support up to 14 channels of digital voice or digital data subscribers consisting of eight SCI channels and six secret collateral subscribers.
  • A Red entry panel providing connections for eight SCI and six secret collateral external subscribers.
  • A Black entry panel providing connections to a Digital Subscriber Voice Terminal (MSE), a Commander's Tactical Terminal-Hybrid/Receive Only (CTT-H/R), and RF signal, control, and status to and from the MAP.
  • Sunsparc 10 analyst workstation with ASAS-W Warrior allows user to receive, process, and disseminate secondary imagery files, database files, electronic mail, and perform other functions.
Primary Heavy HMMWV (PHS) Shelter Features
  • Voice, facsimilie, and computer data interfaces with all AN/FSQ-144 users available through the Digital Data Switching Group (DDSG) ON-367/FSQ-144.
  • Ethernet Local Area Network (LAN) with local SCI and secret collateral interface.
  • Wide Area Network (WAN) capability with access to DSNET (Defense Security Network) 1, DSNET 3 and other DoD networks.
  • Provides communications connectivity between ACE, ETUT, THMT, ASAS, TENCAP, AND MSE.
  • 208 VAC/3-phase primary power supplied by 10 kW tunnel mounted generator, 400 amp under-the-hood power, or host site faciliy shore power.
Spare Equipment and Maintenance (SEM) Shelter Features
  • Workstation is capable of being configured for operation.
  • Provides storage for system Line Replaceable Units (LRUs).
  • 208 VAC/3-phase primary power supplied by 10 kW tunnel mounted generator, 400 amp under-the-hood power, or host site faciliy shore power.
Mobile Antenna Platform (MAP) Features
  • Satellite up-link and down-link interaces with INTELSAT, GSTAR, and PANAMSAT.
  • Capable of operating at C-band or Ku-band with equipment change-out.

Operating personnel for the system is nominally four soldiers. The Director of Combat Development determined that MOS 96B will be the system operator; 96Bís will be limited in assignment and will lose their analytical abilities if they are required to work only the TROJAN SPIRIT. Each unit uses what ever personnel they have available to operate the system. The Signal Corps will eventually take over the operations of the system eliminating the need for 96Bs as system operators.

The basis of issue is two TS IIs per Force Package 1 (FP1) division; two per corps; one per FP2 division, ACR, and separate brigade; and four per MI force projection brigade. The TS II program is currently in the production, deployment, and operational support phase of development.

Due to the immediate need for the Communications Central during Desert Storm, numerous requirements documents including the system MANPRINT management plan, the cost and operational effectiveness analysis, and the training test support package were waived. Because these documents were waived, no official training constraints were ever identified.

Initial fieldings in 1996 to the intelligence center and school at Fort Huachuca, Ariz., Korea and the 66th Military Intelligence Group in Augsburg, Germany, were successful. Forty-four terminals were expected to be fielded by late FY96. TROJAN SPIRIT II fielding to date is

The Army has no plans to purchase any more TS IIs after FY97; due to efforts under way to transition MI long-haul communications requirements to the Signal Corps' Army Common-User System.

The table below provides the planning schedule for TS II’s modernization and migration to WIN-IG. The schedule for migrating TS II into WIN-IG is directly tied to WIN fielding dates. When the WIN-T fielding schedule is better defined, transition of the modified TS II migration into WIN-IG can be more clearly defined.

WIN migration MI brigade Affected MI unit Qty Spirit Spirit mod. fldg. Supporting Sig unit WIN fielding WIN-IG trans
1st digitized corps 4th Inf. Div. 104th MI Bn. ops 2 02 124th Sig. Bn. 00-01 03-04
1st digitized corps 1st Cav. Div. 312th MI Bn. ops 2 02 13th Sig. Bn. 01-02 03-04
1st digitized corps 3d ACR 66th MI Co. ops 1 02 3d Sig. Bde. 01-02 03-04
1st digitized corps 111th MI Bde./ Tng. 304th MI Bn. 2 03 15th Sig. Bde. 03-04 04-05
1st digitized corps 504th MI Bde. III Corps 1 03 3d Sig. Bde. 03-04 04-05
1st digitized corps 504th MI Bde. 303d MI Bn. ops 1 03 3d Sig. Bde. 03-04 04-05
1st digitized corps 501st MI Bde. 532d MI Bn. 3 03 11th Sig. Bde. 03-04 04-05
2d digitized corps 525th MI Bde. XVIII Abn. Corps 1 04 35th Sig. Bde. 04-05 05-06
2d digitized corps 525th MI Bde. 319th MI Bn. 1 04 35th Sig. Bde. 04-05 05-06
2d digitized corps 82d Abn. Div. 313th MI Bn. ops 2 04 82d Sig. Bde. 04-05 05-06
2d digitized corps 2d ACR 502d MI Co. ops 1 04 35th Sig. Bde. 04-05 05-06
2d digitized corps 513th MI Bde. 201st MI Bn. 2 04 11th Sig. Bde. 04-05 05-06
2d digitized corps 513th MI Bde. 297th MI Bn. 2 04 11th Sig. Bde. 04-05 05-06
2d digitized corps 500th MI Bde. 205th MI Bn. 1 04 11th Sig. Bde. 04-05 05-06
2d digitized corps 101st Aaslt. Div. 311th MI Bn. ops 2 05 501st Sig. Bn. 05-06 06-07
2d digitized corps 3d Inf. Div. (M) 103d MI Bn. ops 2 05 123d Sig. Bn. 05-06 06-07
2d digitized corps 10th Mtn. Div. 110th MI Bn. ops 1 05 10th Sig. Bn. 08-09 08-09
Rest of Army 66th MI Gp. 66th MI Gp. 2 05 22d Sig. Bde. 07-10 08-11
Rest of Army 2d Inf. Div. 102d MI Bn. ops 1 05 122d Sig. Bn. 07-10 08-11
Rest of Army 1st Inf. Div. 101st MI Bn. ops 1 05 121st Sig. Bn. 07-10 08-11
Rest of Army 1st Arm. Div. 501st MI Bn. ops 1 05 141st Sig. Bn. 07-10 08-11
Rest of Army V Corps 302d MI Bn. ops 2 05 22d Sig. Bde. 07-10 08-11
Rest of Army I Corps 502d MI Bn. ops 2 06 29th Sig. Bn. 07-10 08-11
Rest of Army 25th Inf. Div. 125th MI Bn. ops 1 06 125th Sig. Bn. 07-10 08-11
Rest of Army 6th Inf. Bde. 110th MI Bn. ops Co. F 1 06 29th Sig. Bn. 07-10 08-11

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Updated Wednesday, January 26, 2000 3:37:29 PM