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FAS Project on Intelligence Reform

OSIS Ocean Surveillance Information System
OSIS Baseline Upgrade (OBU)
OSIS Baseline Upgrade (OBU) Evolutionary Development (OED)

In the Cold War era, the Navy established the Ocean Surveillance Information System (OSIS). OSIS focused naval intelligence efforts on the Soviet Navy threat and provided intelligence support to fleet and headquarters units. OSIS was a synergistic blend of intelligence and cryptologic personnel that provided tailored, fused, all-source intelligence to operating units.

The Ocean Surveillance Information System (OSIS) Evolutionary Development (OED) program is a shore-based intelligence system providing on-line, automated, near real-time, netted command-and-control support to the Unified Commanders-in-Chief, Joint Task Force commanders afloat and ashore, individual ships, and allies. It receives, processes, and disseminates timely all-source surveillance information on fixed and mobile targets of interest both afloat and ashore. OED provides a multi-level secure system at the message level and automated event-by-event reporting. OED is evolving toward a Global Command and Control System-Maritime (GCCS-M)-compliant system, and employs GCCS-M software and hardware (TAC-X series) while retaining all the functionality of the OBU system.

The OSIS Baseline Upgrade (OBU) Evolutionary Development (OED) program (previously OBU and included in LI 2906 NCCS Ashore) provides evolutionary systems and ancillary equipment upgrades to support three Joint Intelligence Centers (JIC), one Training Center and one Software Support Activity. OED provides for the analysis of multi-source intelligence to produce comprehensive reports of foreign forces and potential hostile activity. It also provides near-real-time all-source fusion, correlation and analysis tools, directly feeding automated reporting capabilities. OED maintains characteristics and performance data on weapons platforms, collecting non-organic data from ashore and afloat sensors, and developing an all-source tactical picture. This data is disseminated to the operating forces for tactical threat warnings, decision making support, and support of Over-the-Horizon-Targeting.

The OED system will replace the presently fielded OSIS Baseline Upgrade (OBU). When the OED system is fielded, it will become an integrated element of the Navy Command and Control System (NCCS) Ashore program as part of the MLS program. The OED System will support command control and intelligence assessment. This support will include indications and warnings (I&W) and power projection, maintaining dynamic databases to support a common air, and sea battlefield picture using ground force and maritime symbology. It will also provide access to multiple communications networks for inter-force compatibility and interoperability that supports database sharing and data analysis; and support briefings to Joint Task Force commanders, CINCs, service components and subordinate units.

In conjunction with capabilities provided by existing and emerging technologies, MLS will provide the ability to access/disseminate multiple levels of classification/sensitivity, an ability necessary for future combined/coalition operations. Within the MLS framework, the OED System will operate in multilevel, secure Department of Defense (DoD) Intelligence Information Systems (DoDIIS)-compliant client-server environment, to provide local and global networking for on-demand services and timely response to fused surveillance information. The OED System is to support joint Air Force, Army, Navy and Marine Corps operations with additional tasking to support maritime defense efforts, counter-terrorism, counter-narcotics, and allied operations.

OED workstations are TAC-4 workstations with several off-the-shelf software packages such as a Base-Level Support/Compartmented Mode Workstation (BLS/CMW) operating system, word processor, trusted Database Management System (DBMS), trusted X-Windows, and Maui Optical Tracking Identification Facility (MOTIF). When an OED analyst logs into the workstation, Analyst Interactive Workstation (AIW) applications provide: command, control, and communications decisions aid displays; tactical database manager (client) interface; access to map/chart server; and a geographical display manager. When the system or security administrator logs into the workstation, system monitor and control applications are available to define OED user roles, perform audit collection and reduction, and conduct system and network configuration and monitoring.

At present the OED System operates in a Sensitive Compartmented Information Facility (SCIF) and requires that all direct users (locally connected via keyboard or network communications) be cleared to the same level as the highest classification of data resident within the OED system. The OED System can provide indirect users automated data feeds from unclassified to the system high watermark, which includes full-duplex General Service (GENSER) and Sensitive Compartmented Information (SCI) connectivity. All input to the system is assigned an appropriate classification label to ensure the proper storage, processing, and dissemination (manual and automated) of that information at the designated classification level.

The OED System servers correlate received reports to form tracks (a track being some set of reports that a correlation algorithm has declared are the same physical entity). The tracks are stored in the multilevel track database, which is accessed by the analyst to generate a tactical picture on an area of interest. The multilevel track database maintains the label of the information at the contact report level so that tracks can be distributed with different classifications, compartments, and handling instructions.

Installation of OED was completed at the Atlantic Intelligence Command on 30 June 1999. This represents the last US installation and a key milestone in ensuring that the commands supported by OED have a Y2K compliant backbone system for their intelligence support operations. The OED installation team moved on to the first Foreign Material Sales (FMS) site, the Primary Joint Headquarters (PJHQ) in Northwood, UK. This site is the largest and most ambitious installation and was installed and accredited in August 1999. Seven U.S. and allied (United Kingdom, Japan, and Australia) sites received the OED hardware and software suite by the end of FY 1999. U.S. sites include: Atlantic Intelligence Center (AIC) at USACOM Headquarters; Joint Intelligence Center-Pacific (JICPAC) at U.S. Pacific Command (USPACOM) Headquarters; JICPAC detachment (J-DET) Yokota Air Force Base, Japan; and Joint Analysis Center (JAC) Molesworth, United Kingdom. The initial OED site for the Republic of Korea Navy was installed in FY 1999.

At Ocean Surveillance Information system (OSIS) Baseline Upgrade (OBU) Evolutionary Development (OED) sites contractor maintenance support services currently provide maintenance technicians for O- and D- level maintenance. This will continue as long as OBU unique hardware is installed. Once issues of multi-level security are resolved and GCCS-M standard hardware and software products replace the program unique systems, a Navy organic maintenance capability will be put in place at OBU sites.

Developer/Manufacturer: Inter-National Research Institute, Arlington, Virginia; Litton Industries, McLean, Virginia; TRW, Fairfax, Virginia; Naval Command, Control and Ocean Surveillance Center (NCCOSC) Research and Development (NRaD), San Diego, California, and Dahlgren, Virginia; and Mitsubishi and Hitachi, Tokyo, Japan (for the Japanese Maritime Self-Defense Force OBU only).

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http://www.fas.org/irp/program/process/obu.htm
Created by John Pike
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Updated Sunday, January 16, 2000 7:50:52 AM