RUSSIAN INTELLIGENCE-RELATED LEGAL DOCUMENTS


On Confirmation of the Statute on the
Russian Federation Federal Counterintelligence Service

Edict of the Russian Federation President
5 January 1994

In connection with formation of the Russian Federation Federal Counterintelligence Service, I decree:

1. To confirm the attached Statute on the Russian Federation Federal Counterintelligence Service.

2. To authorize the director of the Russian Federation Federal Counterintelligence Service to have five deputy directors of the Russian Federation Federal Counterintelligence Service, including one first deputy director and a deputy director/chief of the Russian Federation Federal Counterintelligence Service Directorate for the city of Moscow and Moscow Oblast.
To form within the Russian Federation Federal Counterintelligence Service a board consisting of 11 individuals.
To establish the numerical strength of personnel in the management apparatus of the Russian Federation Federal Counterintelligence Service in the amount of 1,500.

3. To establish the numerical strength of military servicemen and civilian personnel in the counterintelligence organs of the Russian Federation in the amount of 75,000 (not including employees of scientific-research and military-medical sections and institutions, or personnel engaged in the operation, security, and maintenance of official buildings and premises).

4. To authorize the director of the Russian Federation Federal Counterintelligence Service to make changes to the structure of the Russian Federation Federal Counterintelligence Service, taking into account the requirements of edicts and directives of the Russian Federation president, within the limits of the established strength of military servicemen and civilian personnel and budgetary appropriations allocated to the Service.

5. That the Russian Federation Federal Counterintelligence Service shall bring departmental normative acts into conformance with the Statute confirmed by this edict.

6. To acknowledge as no longer in effect Edict No. 42 of the Russian Federation President, dated 24 January 1992 "On Formation of the Russian Federation Security Ministry," with subsequent amendments to it.

7. That this decree enters into force as of signature.

[Signed] President of the Russian Federation

B. Yeltsin Moscow, the Kremlin

5 January 1994


No. 19
Statute On the Russian Federation Federal
Counterintelligence Service
Confirmed by Edict No. 19 of the Russian
Federation President of 5 January 1994

1. The Russian Federation Federal Counterintelligence Service (Russian FSK) constitutes a central organ of federal state authority, directs the activity of its subordinate counterintelligence organs, enterprises, institutions, organizations, military units, and educational institutions, and conducts operations to reveal, forestall, and suppress the subversive intelligence activity of foreign special services and organizations, unlawful acts of encroachment upon the constitutional system, sovereignty, territorial integrity, and defensive capability of the Russian Federation.

The Russian FSK heads a unified system of counterintelligence organs of the Russian Federation (henceforth--counterintelligence organs) operating independently of the organs of authority of Russian Federation entities, which includes in addition:

The Russian FSK is the senior operational organ with respect to Russian Federation Border Troops in matters of operational investigative activity.

2. The Russian FSK is guided in its activity by the Russian Federation Constitution, laws of the Russian Federation, other normative acts of the highest organs of state authority, international treaties of the Russian Federation, and by this Statute.

3. The Russian FSK is directly subordinate to the Russian Federation president.

4. Missions of the counterintelligence organs are: 5. Appropriate subdivisions are established within the Russian FSK to accomplish the missions entrusted to counterintelligence organs in accordance with established procedure, as indicated in the appendix.

6. In accordance with Russian Federation legislation, the Russian FSK: 7. The Russian FSK is headed by the director of the Russian Federation Federal Counterintelligence Service, who is appointed to and discharged from his position by the Russian Federation president.

The director of the Russian Federation Federal Counterintelligence Service:

8. A board is formed within the Russian FSK consisting of the director of the Russian Federation Federal Counterintelligence Service (chairman of the board), the first deputy director, and deputy directors, by virtue of their position, as well as executive functionaries of the system of counterintelligence organs.
Except for persons who are members of the board by virtue of their position, board members are approved by the Russian Federation president.
The Board of the Russian FSK examines and makes decisions concerning the most important questions regarding the activity of counterintelligence organs.
Decisions of the Board of the Russian FSK are adopted by a majority vote of its members, and are announced in orders signed by the director of the Russian Federation Federal Counterintelligence Service.
In the event of disagreement between the director of the Russian Federation Federal Counterintelligence Service and the Board of the Russian FSK, the director of the Russian Federation Federal Counterintelligence Service implements his decision and reports to the Russian Federation president on the disagreements that have arisen. Members of the Board of the Russian FSK may also inform the Russian Federation president as to their views. Decisions adopted at joint sessions of the Board of the Russian FSK and other ministries and departments are announced in joint orders of the Russian FSK and the appropriate ministries and departments.

9. Control over the activity of the Russian FSK and counterintelligence organs is exercised by the Russian Federation president.

10. The Russian FSK is a juridical person, has an actual and code-name designation, emblem, seal with depiction of the Russian Federation state symbol along with its designation, corresponding stamps and seals, and bank accounts, including hard-currency accounts.


Appendix to the Statute on the Russian Federation Federal Counterintelligence Service
Structure of the Russian Federation Federal Counterintelligence Service