RUSSIAN INTELLIGENCE-RELATED LEGAL DOCUMENTS


On Foreign Intelligence

Russian Federation Federal Law No. 5
Adopted by the State Duma on 8 December 1995
Signed by Russian Federation President B. Yeltsin on 10 January 1996

This federal law defines the status of Russian Federation foreign intelligence, the fundamentals of its organization and functions, and the procedures for monitoring and overseeing its activity.

Chapter I. General Provisions

Article 1. Russian Federation foreign intelligence

The Russian Federation foreign intelligence as the aggregate of organs especially created by the state -- Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs -- is a component of the forces ensuring the Russian Federation's security, and its purpose is to protect the security of individuals, society, and the state against external threats using the methods and means defined by this federal law.

Article 2. Intelligence gathering activity

Intelligence gathering activity is performed by Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs by means of:

1) acquiring and processing information on actual and projected potential, actions, plans, and intentions of foreign states, organizations, and individuals affecting vitally important interests of the Russian Federation (hereinafter -- intelligence information);

2) collaborating in the implementation of measures taken by the state in the interests of ensuring the Russian Federation's security.

The need to perform intelligence gathering activity is defined by the Russian Federation president and Federal Assembly within the limits of their powers, whenever it is impossible or inexpedient to ensure the Russian Federation's security by any other methods.

Article 3. Legal basis of intelligence gathering activity

The legal basis of intelligence gathering activity is provided by the Russian Federation Constitution, this federal law, other federal laws, and other normative legal acts of federal organs of state power concerning the Russian Federation foreign intelligence.

The Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs, within the limits of their powers and in compliance with the Russian Federation legislation, promulgate normative legal acts regulating their activity.

Article 4. Principles of intelligence gathering activity

Intelligence gathering activity is performed on the basis of the principles of:

1) separation of the powers of federal organs of executive power which are components of the forces ensuring the Russian Federation's security;

2) legality;

3) respect for human and civil rights and freedoms;

4) accountability to the Russian Federation president and Federal Assembly;

5) combination of overt and covert methods and means.

Article 5. Objectives of intelligence gathering activity

The objectives of intelligence gathering activity are:

1) to provide the Russian Federation president and Federal Assembly and the Russian Federation Government with the intelligence information they need for decisionmaking in the political, economic, defense, scientific, technical, and ecological spheres;

2) to ensure conditions promoting the successful implementation of Russian Federation policy in the security sphere;

3) to assist the country's economic development and scientific and technical progress and the ensuring of the Russian Federation's military-technical security.

Intelligence gathering activity cannot be performed in pursuit of antihumanitarian objectives or in the pursuit of objectives not provided for by this federal law.

Article 6. Powers of the Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs

In order to attain the objectives of intelligence gathering activity, the Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs are granted the following powers:

1) to establish on a confidential basis relations of cooperation with individuals who have voluntarily consented to this;

2) to implement measures to conceal the identity of its staffers and to organize their activity using different departmental affiliation for this purpose;

3) to use for conspiratorial purposes documents concealing the identity of its staffers and the departmental affiliation of Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs' subunits, organizations, premises, and transportation facilities;

4) to collaborate with federal organs of executive power engaged in counterintelligence activity and with Russian Federation federal organs of state protection;

5) to conclude with federal organs of executive power and with Russian Federation enterprises, institutions, and organizations any contracts necessary for the performance of intelligence gathering activity;

6) to organize and ensure within the limits of its powers the protection of state secrets in Russian Federation institutions located outside Russian Federation territory, including the definition of procedures for effecting physical, engineering, and technical protection of the aforementioned institutions and of measures to prevent leaks of information constituting state secrets through technical channel.

7) to ensure the security of staffers of Russian Federation institutions located outside Russian Federation territory and of members of their families in the state where they are stationed;

8) to ensure the security of Russian Federation citizens who are posted outside Russian Federation territory and, by virtue of the nature of their work, have access to information constituting state secrets, as well as the security of members of their families who are accompanying them;

9) to collaborate with intelligence gathering and counterintelligence services of foreign states according to the procedure prescribed by this federal law;

10) to set up specialized training establishments, further training institutions, scientific research organizations and archives, and the publication of specialized literature;

11) to ensure its own security, in other words to protect its manpower, facilities, and information against illegal actions and threats;

12) to set up the organizational structures (subunits and organizations) necessary for the functioning of the Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs.

In order to perform its activity, the Russian Federation Foreign Intelligence Service can issue its own licenses and certificates to acquire, develop (with the exception of cryptographic protection systems), create, and utilize information systems, communications systems, data transmission systems, and systems to prevent information leaks through technical channels.

Article 7. Financing and material and technical backup for Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs

The Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs are financed from federal budget funds. Estimates of expenditure for the upkeep of Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs are examined at closed sessions of the appropriate committees (subcommittees) of the Federal Assembly chambers and are approved at closed sessions of the State Duma and the Federation Council.

Material and technical backup for Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs is provided from the Russian Federation's centralized resources and through the acquisition of necessary material and technical means from enterprises, institutions, and organizations.

The Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs can own their own official housing stock, acquired according to procedures to be prescribed by the Russian Federation Government.

Article 8. Protection of information about the Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs

Any person to be given access to information about the Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs undergoes the procedure for permitting access to information constituting state secrets, unless a different procedure is prescribed by federal laws. This procedure includes the signing of a written pledge not to disseminate this information. Any breach of the aforementioned pledge results in liability as prescribed by federal law.

Documents from the archives of Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs, which are of historical and scientific value and are declassified according to the federal law, are transferred for permanent storage at Russia's State Archive Service.

Documents of the Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs which contain information about their staff members, about individuals who are (have been) rendering confidential assistance to Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs, or about the methods and means used by these organs are stored in the archives of the Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs.

Article 9. Contacts between Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs and the Russian Federation public

In order to inform the public about their activity, the Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs and their staffers establish contacts with public associations, mass media, and Russian Federation citizens through the appropriate services to be set up for this purpose within the structure of the aforementioned organs.

Material supplied to mass media about the activity of Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs must not contain information constituting state secrets. There must be no dissemination of any information affecting the personal life, honor, and dignity of citizens which has been acquired by Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs in the process of performing their activity, except in cases envisaged by federal law.

With a view to preventing any possible use of mass media to publicize information about Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs constituting state secrets, the authors of material about the Russian Federation foreign intelligence prepared for publication, or the editorial offices of mass media which have received such material, are entitled to request an expert opinion from the appropriate Russian Federation foreign intelligence organ which, in any such case, should determine the presence of absence of any of the aforementioned information in the material in question and notify the author or the mass medium's editorial office of its opinion.

Any publication by the mass media of material about the Russian Federation foreign intelligence containing information constituting state secrets and resulting in the dissemination of such information, or of information which does not correspond with reality and inflicts moral or material damage to Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs and their staffers, results in liability as prescribed by federal law.

Chapter II. Organization of the Activity of Russian Federation Foreign Intelligence Organs

Article 10. Creation of Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs

Intelligence gathering activity is performed by Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs which are either autonomous or parts of the structure of other federal organs of executive power.

The creation, reorganization, or abolition of an autonomous Russian Federation foreign intelligence organ takes effect according to the procedure to be prescribed by the federal law regulating the formation of federal organs of executive power.

Decisions on the creation, reorganization, or abolition of a Russian Federation foreign intelligence organ as part of a federal organ of executive power are made by the Russian Federation president on submission by the leader of the relevant federal organ of executive power. Statutes on Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs are approved by the Russian Federation president.

Article 11. Spheres of Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs' activity

Intelligence gathering activity is performed, within the limits of their powers, by:

1) the Russian Federation Foreign Intelligence Service -- in the political, economic, military-strategic, scientific, technical, and ecological spheres, as well as in the sphere of ensuring the security of Russian Federation institutions located outside Russian Federation territory and of Russian Federation citizens posted outside Russian Federation territory who, by virtue of the nature of their activity, have access to information constituting state secrets;

2) the Russian Federation Ministry of Defense foreign intelligence organ -- in the military, military-political, military-technical, military-economic, and ecological spheres;

3) the foreign intelligence organ of the Federal Government Communications and Information Agency under the Russian Federation president -- in the political, economic, military, scientific, and technical spheres through the use of radio-electronic means;

4) the foreign intelligence organ of the Russian Federation Federal Border Service -- in the sphere of protecting the Russian Federation state border, the Russian Federation's exclusive economic zone, and the Russian Federation's continental shelf.

Intelligence gathering activity by Federal Security Service organs is performed in collaboration with Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs and in compliance with the Federal Law "On Federal Security Service Organs in the Russian Federation."

Article 12. Leadership of the Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs

Overall leadership of the Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs is exercised by the Russian Federation president.

The Russian Federation president:

1) sets the tasks of intelligence gathering activity;

2) monitors and coordinates the activity of Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs;

3) makes, within the limits of powers set by federal laws, decisions on questions concerning the Russian Federation foreign intelligence, including questions on the expediency of concluding interdepartmental contracts between Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs and the intelligence gathering and counterintelligence services of foreign states;

4) appoints the leaders of Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs.

Article 13. Methods and means of intelligence gathering activity

In the process of intelligence gathering activity, the Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs can use overt and covert methods and means, whose special nature is determined by the conditions of this activity.

The methods and means used in intelligence gathering activity must not harm people's lives or health or damage the environment.

The use of methods and means for intelligence gathering activity against Russian Federation citizens on the territory of the Russian Federation is not permitted.

For the purpose of attaining the objectives of intelligence gathering activity, the Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs are empowered to use information systems, video and audio recordings, moving and still photography, the downloading of information from technical communications channels, and other methods and means in line with the requirements posed by Paragraph 2 of this Article.

The procedure for the use of covert methods and means for intelligence gathering activity is prescribed by federal laws and normative legal acts of the Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs.

The contents of normative legal acts on questions concerning the use of covert methods and means for intelligence gathering activity constitute a state secret. The ensuring of their own security is effected by Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs in accordance with the Federal Law "On Operational Investigative Activity."

Article 14. Supply of intelligence information

Intelligence information is supplied to the Russian Federation president, the Federal Assembly chambers, the Russian Federation Government, and to federal organs of executive and judicial power, enterprises, institutions, and organizations defined by the Russian Federation president. Intelligence information can also be supplied to federal organs of executive power which are part of the forces ensuring the Russian Federation's security.

The leaders of Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs are personally responsible to the Russian Federation president for the veracity and objectivity of intelligence information and the promptness of its delivery.

The leaders and other officials of federal organs of legislative, executive, and judicial power and of enterprises, institutions, and organizations, the Federation Council members, and the State Duma deputies who are supplied with intelligence information are liable, as prescribed by federal law, for any dissemination of its contents which constitute state secrets or expose the sources of the information in question.

Article 15. Principles and forms of collaboration

among Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs, and between Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs and federal organs of executive power engaged in counterintelligence activity, federal organs of the Russian Federation state protection, and intelligence gathering and counterintelligence services of foreign states The principles and forms of collaboration among Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs, and with federal organs of executive power engaged in counterintelligence activity and federal organs of the Russian Federation state protection are defined by Russian Federation legislation and the agreements concluded on its basis.

Mutual relations between Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs and the intelligence gathering and counterintelligence services of foreign states are established on the basis of the Russian Federation's international treaties, including treaties of an interdepartmental nature.

Within the framework of established mutual relations, official representatives of Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs can travel to foreign states according to a procedure prescribed by the Russian Federation president.

Article 16. Mutual relations between Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs and federal organs of executive power, enterprises, institutions, and organizations in the Russian Federation

The federal organs of executive power render assistance to Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs in the performance of their intelligence gathering activity provided such assistance does not involve any deviation from the basic guidelines for the activity of the aforementioned federal organs of executive power. Any reimbursement of expenses incurred on the provision of such assistance is effected from federal budget funds. The procedure for collaboration between Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs and federal organs of executive power on questions concerning the provision of assistance to Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs in the performance of intelligence gathering activity is prescribed by the Russian Federation president.

The conditions governing mutual relations between Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs and federal organs of executive power, enterprises, institutions, and organizations in the Russian Federation are determined by appropriate contracts.

Chapter III. Legal Status of and Social Protection for Staffers of Russian Federation Foreign Intelligence Organs and Persons Rendering Assistance to These Organs

Article 17.

Military servicemen and staff employees , as well as nonstaff military servicemen, employees, and workers who have volunteered for military service or work in these organs respectively are staffers of the Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs. Citizens of the Russian Federation who, by virtue of their professional skills, age, education, and state of health, can perform the duties assigned to them can be staffers of the Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs.

Military servicemen in the Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs come under the effect of federal laws governing the performance of military service with due consideration for the specific provisions prescribed by this federal law and other federal laws and conditioned by the specific nature of the functions performed by the military servicemen in question.

The performance of military service in Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs takes effect by conscription or by contract. The conclusion of contracts with military servicemen performing military service on Russian Federation territory is effected according to the procedure prescribed by the Russian Federation Law "On Military Duty and Military Service." The procedure for conclusion of contracts with students at the Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs' higher educational establishments or with military servicemen being posted outside the Russian Federation's territory, and for the performance of these contracts is prescribed by departmental normative legal acts. Provision may be made for the parties' material liability for nonperformance of the contract's conditions.

The upper age limit for performance of military service by a military serviceman on the staff of the Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs is set by the leader of the autonomous Russian Federation foreign intelligence organ or the leader of the federal organ of executive power whose structure incorporates the Russian Federation foreign intelligence organ, according to the procedure prescribed by the Russian Federation president, but any such limit cannot be below the upper age limit prescribed by federal law.

The rights, obligations, and benefits envisaged by Russian Federation labor legislation extend to employees and workers of Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs. Staff employees of and military servicemen with the Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs cannot belong to public associations pursuing political goals. Nonstaff employees of Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs and workers of Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs cannot set up public associations pursuing political goals.

Article 18. Staff of the Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs

The staff of Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs includes military servicemen appointed to appropriate duties and employees of the Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs whose functional duties are directly associated with the performance of intelligence gathering activity. The staff organizational table is defined by the statute on the relevant Russian Federation foreign intelligence organ.

Information about specific individuals being on the staff of Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs, including former staffers of these organs, constitutes a state secret and can be disseminated only with permission from the leader of the Russian Federation foreign intelligence organ and, in cases not involving any official necessity, subject to mandatory written consent by the individuals in question.

In order to perform their functional duties, staffers on the Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs' staff can, in compliance with the demands of this law and without disclosing their affiliation with Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs, hold office in federal organs of executive power, enterprises, institutions, and organizations. Officials in the aforementioned federal organs of executive power, enterprises, institutions, and organizations are liable, in accordance with federal laws, for any dissemination of information about these staffers' affiliation with Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs.

Staffers on the Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs' staff are not permitted to participate covertly in the activity of organs of legislative (representative) or judicial power or of public associations and religious organizations in the Russian Federation for the purpose of influencing the nature of their activity. Staffers on the Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs' staff are not allowed, unless required to do so by official necessity, to take on another paid job except to engage in teaching, scientific, or other creative activity with the consent of the leader of the appropriate Russian Federation foreign intelligence organ.

Article 19. Persons rendering confidential assistance to Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs

In order to attain the objectives of intelligence gathering activity, Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs can establish relations of cooperation on an unpaid or paid basis with capable adults who have voluntarily consented to render confidential assistance to Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs. The procedure for mutual relations with such persons is prescribed by normative legal acts of the Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs.

The Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs are not empowered to request confidential assistance from Federation Council members, State duma deputies, deputies of legislative (representative) organs of Russian Federation components, justices of Russian Federation courts and prosecutors at all levels in the Russian Federation, or clerics or plenipotentiary representatives of religious organizations officially registered in the Russian Federation.

Information about persons who render confidential assistance to Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs constitutes a state secret and is not subject to declassification following the expiry of the maximum permitted time period for classification of information constituting a state secret. Access to such information is available only to the leader and to duly authorized staffers of the appropriate Russian Federation foreign intelligence organ.

Measures can be taken to ensure the security of persons who render confidential assistance to Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs and members of their families, provided such measures do not infringe the rights and legitimate interests of other persons.

The procedure for implementing such measures is prescribed by the Russian Federation president.

Article 20. Legal status of Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs' staffers

Staffers of Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs bear the responsibility and enjoy the rights envisaged by Russian Federation legislation for Russian Federation citizens, except for the limitations imposed by federal laws.

Military servicemen, employees, and workers with Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs enjoy the protection of the state. Nobody, except organs and officials directly authorized to do so by federal laws, has the right to interfere with the service activity of staffers of Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs. Protection of the life, health, honor, dignity, and property of staffers of Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs and members of their families against illegal encroachments and threats in connection with the performance of intelligence gathering activity is ensured by Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs according to the procedure prescribed by federal laws.

The status of staffer of a Russian Federation foreign intelligence organ cannot be utilized for purposes that are incompatible with his functional duties.

Article 21. Liability of Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs' staffers for breaches of the law

Staffers of Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs are liable for any breaches of the law they have committed, in accordance with federal laws.

Affiliation with a Russian Federation foreign intelligence organ and involvement in the performance of intelligence gathering activity do not relieve a staffer of a Russian Federation foreign intelligence organ of liability under the federal laws.

Article 22. Social protection for staffers of Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs and members of their families

The social protection of staffers of Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs and members of their families is guaranteed by federal laws.

All staffers on the staff of these organs enjoy mandatory state personal insurance, paid from federal budget funds, to a sum equal to 15-years' earnings.

Any damage caused to the health of a staffer on the staff of a Russian Federation foreign intelligence organ or members of his family in connection with the performance of intelligence gathering activity is compensated in full from federal budget funds. These same funds are used to pay the aforementioned persons a one-shot payment, being the equivalent of between one year's and seven years' earnings, determined on the day the payment is made and depending on the degree of disability suffered.

In the event of the death of a staffer on the staff of a Russian Federation foreign intelligence organ or a member of his family in connection with the performance of intelligence gathering activity, the state pays the costs of the preparation to transport and the transportation of the remains to a place of burial either specified in a will or designated by the next of kin (in the absence of next of kin, by the leadership of the Russian Federation foreign intelligence organ), as well as the costs of burying the remains of the Russian Federation foreign intelligence organ's staffer. The family of the deceased is paid a one- shot payment equivalent to 15-years' earnings calculated on the day the payment is made. In addition to this, the family of the deceased enjoys preferential treatment in the solution of any questions concerning social and everyday life provisions according to the procedure prescribed by federal laws.

The state is bound to take all possible steps to assist in the unconditional release of any staffer on the staff of a Russian Federation foreign intelligence organ and members of his family detained, arrested, or sentenced outside Russian Federation territory in connection with the performance of intelligence gathering activity.

If a staffer on the staff of a Russian Federation foreign intelligence organ loses all or part of his professional suitability as a result of being exposed or for other reasons beyond his control, the Russian Federation foreign intelligence organ is obliged to find a job for the staffer in question or create conditions for his professional retraining, including compensation for any expenditure incurred in this connection.

Any property damage suffered by a staffer on the staff of a Russian Federation foreign intelligence organ and members of his family in connection with the performance of intelligence gathering activity is reimbursed by the state from federal budget funds in accordance with Russian Federation civil legislation.

In the event of nonstaff staffers of Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs being involved in a one-time performance of intelligence gathering tasks, and such staffers suffering the consequences listed in Paragraphs 3-7 of this Article, the staffers in question enjoy the rights, benefits, and privileges provided for staffers on the staff of Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs.

Article 23. Social protection for persons render confidential assistance to a Russian Federation foreign intelligence organ

Any person who renders confidential assistance to a Russian Federation foreign intelligence organ and is not a citizen of the Russian Federation can be granted citizenship of the Russian Federation if he applies for it according to the procedure prescribed by federal laws.

The period of cooperation with a Russian Federation foreign intelligence organ by a person who has been granted citizenship of the Russian Federation is included in his length of service record. Social protection for such a person is provided in accordance with Paragraphs 3-7 of Article 22 of this federal law.

Social protection for a person who renders confidential assistance to a Russian Federation foreign intelligence organ and who is not a citizen of the Russian Federation is provided in accordance with a procedure to be prescribed by the Russian Federation president.

Chapter IV. Monitoring and Oversight of the Activity of Russian Federation Foreign Intelligence Organs

Article 24. Parliamentary monitoring of the activity of Russian Federation foreign intelligence activity

Parliamentary monitoring of the activity of Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs is exercised according to the procedure prescribed by federal laws and by means of audits by the Russian Federation Comptroller's Office of the implementation of expenditure estimates approved by the State Duma and Federation Council for the upkeep of Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs. The Russian Federation Comptroller's Office is to create a special group from among its members for this purpose. The aforementioned group is empowered to request from Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs documents on questions concerning the implementation of expenditure estimates and to hear reports by leaders of Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs on these questions at its closed sessions.

Mutual relations between the Federal Assembly chambers and Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs are effected through the appropriate committees (subcommittees) to be set up by each chamber.

The members of the aforementioned committees (subcommittees) and of the Russian Federation Comptroller's Office special group and staffers of their apparatuses are empowered to embark on the performance of their duties to exercise the functions envisaged by this Article only after they have determined access to information constituting state secrets according to the procedure prescribed by the Russian Federation Law "On State Secrets."

Federation Council members and State Duma deputies receive information about the Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs exclusively through the appropriate committees (subcommittees) of the Federal Assembly chambers. The activities of Federation Council members, State Duma deputies, and staffers of the Federal Assembly chambers' apparatuses must not pose any threat of disseminating information about persons who are (have been) rendering confidential assistance to Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs, about the affiliation of specific individuals to the staff of Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs, and about the methods and means used by these organs.

Article 25. Prosecutor's oversight

Oversight regarding compliance with federal laws by Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs is exercised by the Russian Federation general prosecutor and by prosecutors authorized by him.

Information about persons who render confidential assistance to Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs or about the organization of Russian Federation foreign intelligence organs and the methods and means used by them in their activity are not subject to prosecutor's oversight.

Chapter V. Final Provisions

Article 26. Entry into force of this federal law

This federal law enters into force on the day of its official publication.

The following Russian Federation legislative acts are deemed to have lapsed from the moment this federal law comes into force:

1) Russian Federation Law "On Foreign Intelligence" (VEDOMOSTI SYEZDA NARODNYKH DEPUTATOV ROSSIYSKOY FEDERATSII I VERKHOVNOGO SOVETA ROSSIYSKOY FEDERATSII, 1992, No. 32, p 1869);

2) Russian Federation Supreme Soviet decree of 8 July 1992 "On Bringing Into Force the Russian Federation Law `On Foreign Intelligence'" (VEDOMOSTI SYEZDA NARODNYKH DEPUTATOV ROSSIYSKOY FEDERATSII I VERKHOVNOGO SOVETA ROSSIYSKOY FEDERATSII, 1992, No. 32, p 1870).

The Russian Federation president is to be asked, and the Russian Federation Government is to be instructed, to bring their normative legal acts in line with this federal law.

[signed] Russian Federation President B. Yeltsin

[dated] Moscow, The Kremlin, 10 January 1996