Congressional Material

BUDGETING FOR DEFENSE:
MAINTAINING TODAY'S FORCES
 
 
September 2000
 
 
NOTES

Unless otherwise indicated, all years referred to in this study are fiscal years, and all values are in 2000 dollars of budget authority.

Data on forces and military personnel are drawn from 1999, the last completed fiscal year.

Numbers in the text and tables may not add up to totals because of rounding.

 
 
Preface

Funding for national defense is a major issue that the 107th Congress will consider. With a new Administration--and possibly a new national security strategy--in place, the size and shape of U.S. forces and the budget needed to maintain them are likely to be a focus of that debate. This Congressional Budget Office (CBO) study, which was prepared for the Senate Committee on the Budget, presents CBO's estimate of the cost of sustaining today's military forces. In keeping with CBO's mandate to provide objective, impartial analysis, the study contains no recommendations.

Lane Pierrot of CBO's National Security Division (NSD) wrote the study with assistance from Evan Christman and Billy Trimble. Jo Ann Vines of CBO's Budget Analysis Division (BAD) wrote the section on procurement costs and together with colleagues Raymond Hall and Dawn Regan developed many of the cost estimates for the sustaining budget. The analysis was performed under the general supervision of Christopher Jehn and R. William Thomas of NSD and Michael A. Miller of BAD. Barry Anderson, Bruce Arnold, Deborah Clay-Mendez, Arlene Holen, and Steve Lieberman of CBO and Sean O'Keefe of the Maxwell School at Syracuse University provided helpful comments. CBO's Russ Beland, Eric Labs, Rachel Schmidt, and Laurinda Zeman analyzed portions of the defense budget. John Cadigan, Delia Welsh, and Anne Dupree, formerly of CBO, also made important contributions.

Leah Mazade edited the study, and Christian Spoor proofread it. Cynthia Cleveland typed the many drafts with speed and precision. Kathryn Quattrone prepared the report for publication. Annette Kalicki prepared the electronic versions for CBO's Web site. Barry Anderson designed the cover.
 

Dan L. Crippen
Director
September 2000
 
 


Contents
 

SUMMARY

ONE - INTRODUCTION

TWO - CBO'S ESTIMATE OF A SUSTAINING BUDGET FOR NATIONAL DEFENSE

THREE - ALTERNATIVE DEFENSE FORCES AND BUDGETS

TABLES
 
S-1.  U.S. Military Forces in Selected Fiscal Years, 1989-1999
S-2.  Funding for National Defense and Personnel for the Department of Defense in Selected Fiscal Years, 1989-1999
S-3.  Fiscal Year 2000 Appropriations for National Defense and CBO's Estimate of a Sustaining Defense Budget, by Budget Category
1.  Funding for National Defense and Personnel for the Department of Defense in Selected Fiscal Years, 1989-1999
2.  U.S. Military Forces in Selected Fiscal Years, 1989-1999
3.  Fiscal Year 2000 Appropriations for National Defense and CBO's Estimate of a Sustaining Defense Budget, by Budget Category
4.  DoD's Past Purchases of Selected Equipment and CBO's Estimates of Purchases Under a Sustaining Budget
5.  Selected U.S. Military Forces Under Current and Alternative Strategic Priorities
 
FIGURE
 
1.  Stocks of Major Weapon Systems Held by the United States and Selected Other Nations


Next Page