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Appendix B
BUDGET TABLES

DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE -- BUDGET AUTHORITY BY  
APPROPRIATIONa,c (DOLLARS IN MILLIONS) 
Table B-1 
 

FY 1991b  FY 1992b  FY 1993  FY 1994  FY 1995  FY 1996  FY 1997  FY 1998 
Current Dollars 
Military Personnel  84,213  81,221  75,974  71,365  71,557  69,775  69,920  69,474 
O&M  117,234  93,791  89,172  88,341  93,751  93,658  92,734  93,555 
Procurement  71,740  62,952  52,789  44,141  43,572  42,420  44,247  42,310 
RDT&E  36,193  36,623  37,974  34,567  34,522  34,972  36,589  35,934 
Military Construction  5,188  5,254  4,554  6,009  5,426  6,893  5,860  4,715 
Family Housing  3,296  3,738  3,941  3,501  3,393  4,260  4,122  3,668 
Defense-wide Contingency 
 

 

 

 

 

 

-4,800d 
 

Revolving & Management Funds  2,701  4,587  4,503  4,354  5,260  3,061  2,270  1,667 
Trust & Receipts  -44,329  -5,733  -435  -809  -1,648  -331  -743  -796 
Deduct, Intragovernment Receipt  -29  -550  -1,069  -104  -180  -291  -205  -151 
Total, Current $  276,208  281,883  267,402  251,364  255,652  254,417  249,994  250,377 
Constant FY 1998 Dollars 
Military Personnel  102,608  96,195  86,245  79,045  77,378  73,727  71,809  69,474 
O&M  136,617  108,698  100,553  96,990  101,249  98,825  95,504  93,555 
Procurement  82,951  71,165  58,464  47,929  46,370  44,224  45,179  42,310 
RDT&E  42,095  41,514  42,134  37,587  36,800  36,512  37,384  35,934 
Military Construction  6,025  5,958  5,057  6,537  5,784  7,193  5,987  4,715 
Family Housing  3,820  4,235  4,367  3,799  3,616  4,445  4,213  3,668 
Defense-wide Contingency 
 

 

 

 

 

 

-4,901 
 

Revolving & Management Funds  3,149  5,218  5,005  4,745  5,609  3,205  2,323  1,667 
Trust & Receipts  -51,671  -6,488  -481  -877  -1,752  -345  -759  -796 
Deduct, Intragovernment Receipt  -34  -623  -1,182  -113  -192  -303  -209  -151 
Total, Constant $  325,560  325,872  300,164  275,641  274,863  267,483  256,531  250,377 
% Real Growth 
Military Personnel  2.1  -6.3  -10.4  -8.4  -2.1  -4.7  -2.6  -3.3 
O&M  23.3  -20.4  -7.5  -3.6  4.4  -2.4  -3.4  -2.1 
Procurement  -14.2  -14.2  -17.9  -18.0  -3.3  -4.6  2.2  -6.4 
RDT&E  -4.2  -1.4  1.5  -10.8  -2.1  -0.8  2.4  -3.9 
Military Construction  -1.7  -1.1  -15.1  29.3  -11.5  24.4  -16.8  -21.3 
Family Housing  0.5  10.9  3.1  -13.0  -4.8  22.9  -5.2  -12.9 
Total  -10.0  0.1  -7.9  -8.2  -0.3  -2.7  -4.1  -2.4 

a Numbers may not add to total due to rounding.
b In FY 1991-92, abrupt increases in budget authority, especially O&M, were due to the incremental costs of Operation Desert Shield/Storm. The FY 1991-92 sharp rise in receipts reflects offsetting allied contributions.
c Tables B-1 and B-2 show the total DoD budget, which consists of both discretionary spending and direct spending.  These terms were defined by the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 (commonly known as the Gramm-Rudman-Hollings Act), which was extended and amended extensively by the Budget Enforcement Act of 1990 and the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993. Discretionary spending is controlled through annual appropriations acts. Direct spending (sometimes called mandatory spending) occurs as a result of permanent laws. For DoD, mandatory spending consists of offsetting receipts, totaling nearly $1 billion in FY 1998. The 1993 Reconciliation Act included dollar limits (caps) on discretionary spending by the federal government and its various entities, including DoD. These limits have been superseded by caps imposed on Congress through its Budget Resolutions, and by caps imposed by the Office of Management and Budget on entities covered in the President's Budget.
d This entry reflects a proposal to Congress to rescind $4.8 billion in previously appropriated DoD funding. Some $2.0 billion of that would be to offset the requested $2 billion supplemented appropriations, and $2.8 billion is needed to prevent outlays in FY 1998 and beyond from exceeding budget targets.

 

DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE -- BUDGET AUTHORITY BY  
COMPONENTa (DOLLARS IN MILLIONS) 
Table B-2 
 

FY 1991b  FY 1992b,c  FY 1993c  FY 1994  FY 1995  FY 1996  FY 1997  FY 1998 
Current Dollars 
Army  91,825  73,636  64,803  62,470  63,268  64,505  62,366  60,112 
Navy  103,470  90,311  83,198  78,055  76,873  79,966  78,893  78,806 
Air Force  91,257  82,340  79,146  74,575  73,932  72,992  72,358  75,017 
Defense Agencies/OSD/JCS  21,134  29,151  22,158  19,380  21,120  22,269  22,525  21,633 
Defense-wide  -31,477  6,445  18,097  16,883  20,460  14,686  13,853  14,808 
Total, Current $  276,208  281,883  267,402  251,364  255,652  254,417  249,994  250,377 
Constant FY 1998 Dollars 
Army  109,109  85,787  73,018  68,767  68,131  67,886  63,976  60,112 
Navy  121,766  104,493  93,571  85,595  82.702  84,095  80,998  78,806 
Air Force  106,515  95,083  88,794  81,736  79,626  76,841  74,348  75,017 
Defense Agencies/OSD/JCS  24,902  33,195  24,679  21,160  22,581  23,303  23,043  21,633 
Defense-wide  -36,732  7,316  20,101  18,383  21,824  15,358  14,166  14,808 
Total, Constant $  325,560  325,872  300,164  275,641  274,863  267,483  256,531  250,377 
% Real Growth 
Army  12.0  -21.4  -14.9  -5.8  -0.9  -0.4  -5.8  -6.1 
Navy  -1.2  -14.2  -10.5  -8.5  -3.4  1.7  -3.7  -2.7 
Air Force  -7.0  -10.7  -6.6  -8.0  -2.6  -3.5  -3.3  0.9 
Defense Agencies/OSD/JCS  9.3  33.3  -25.7  -14.3  6.7  3.2  -1.1  -6.1 
Defense-wide  -1,128.3  -119.9  174.8  -8.6  18.7  -29.6  -7.8  4.5 
Total  -10.0  0.1  -7.9  -8.2  -0.3  -2.7  -4.1  - 2.4 

a Number may not add to total due to rounding. Entries for the three military departments include Retired Pay accrual.
b FY 1990-93 data for the three departments and defense agencies includes Gulf War incremental costs, FY 1991-93 defense-wide entries include appropriations that made available allied cash contributions to offset these incremental costs.

c In FY 1992, $9.1 billion was shifted from the Services to defense agencies/OSD for the new Defense Health Program (DHP). In
FY 1993, the DHP began being reflected in the defense-wide line.

 
FEDERAL BUDGET TRENDS  
(DOLLARS IN MILLIONS) 
Table B-3 
Fiscal Year 
Federal Outlays as a  % of GNP  DoD Outlays  as a % of  Federal Outlays  DoD Outlays as a % of GDP  Non-DoD  Outlays as a % of Federal Outlays  Non-DoD  Outlays as a  % of GDP  DoD Outlays as a % of Net Public Spendinga 
1950  15.6  27.4  4.3  72.6  11.3  18.5 
1955  17.3  51.4  8.9  48.6  8.4  35.5 
1960  17.8  45.0  8.0  55.0  9.8  30.3 
1965  17.2  38.8  6.7  61.2  10.5  25.2 
1970  19.4  39.4  7.6  60.6  11.7  25.4 
1971  19.5  35.4  6.9  64.6  12.6  22.4 
1972  19.6  32.5  6.4  67.5  13.2  20.6 
1973  18.8  29.8  5.6  70.2  13.2  19.0 
1974  18.7  28.8  5.4  71.2  13.3  18.2 
1975  21.4  25.5  5.5  74.5  15.9  16.5 
1976  21.5  23.6  5.1  76.4  16.4  15.4 
1977  20.8  23.4  4.8  76.6  15.9  15.5 
1978  20.7  22.5  4.7  77.5  16.1  15.2 
1979  20.2  22.8  4.6  77.2  15.6  15.4 
1980  21.7  22.5  4.9  77.5  16.8  15.3 
1981  22.2  23.0  5.1  77.0  17.1  15.8 
1982  23.2  24.7  5.7  75.3  17.5  16.9 
1983  23.6  25.4  6.0  74.6  17.6  17.3 
1984  22.3  25.9  5.8  74.1  16.6  17.5 
1985  23.1  25.9  6.0  74.1  17.1  17.6 
1986  22.6  26.8  6.1  73.2  16.6  17.9 
1987  21.8  27.3  6.0  72.7  15.9  17.6 
1988  21.5  26.5  5.7  73.5  15.8  17.0 
1989  21.4  25.8  5.5  74.2  15.9  16.5 
1990  22.0  23.1  5.1  76.9  16.9  14.8 
1991  22.6  19.8  4.5  80.2  18.1  12.6 
1992  22.5  20.7  4.7  79.3  17.8  13.1 
1993  21.8  19.8  4.3  80.2  17.5  12.4 
1994  21.4  18.4  3.9  81.6  17.5  11.6 
1995  21.1  17.2  3.6  82.8  17.5  10.8 
1996  20.8  16.2  3.4  83.8  17.5  10.1 

a Federal, state, and local net spending excluding government enterprises (such as the postal service and public utilities) except for any support these activities receive from tax funds.

 
DEFENSE SHARES OF ECONOMIC AGGREGATES  Table B-4 
 

DoD as a Percentage  of Public Employmenta  DoD as a Percentage  of National Labor Forcea  Gross Domestic Product (GDP)  Percentage of Total Purchases 
Fiscal  
Year 
Federal  Federal, State, and Local  Direct Hire  
(DoD) 
Including  
Industry 
National  
Defenseb 
Total  
Federal 
State and  
Local 
1965  69.8  28.2  4.8  7.6  7.4  17.2  10.9 
1966  71.1  29.6  5.4  8.8  7.7  17.9  11.0 
1967  71.9  30.5  5.8  9.8  8.8  19.4  11.5 
1968  72.0  30.3  6.0  9.9  9.4  20.5  11.8 
1969  72.0  29.5  5.7  9.3  8.7  19.4  12.3 
1970  69.5  26.5  5.0  7.9  8.1  19.4  13.0 
1971  67.1  23.7  4.6  6.9  7.3  19.5  14.0 
1972  64.5  20.9  3.8  6.1  6.7  19.6  14.3 
1973  63.6  19.8  3.6  5.6  5.9  18.8  13.9 
1974  62.4  18.9  3.4  5.4  5.5  18.7  13.8 
1975  61.6  18.1  3.3  5.2  5.6  21.4  14.8 
1976  60.8  17.6  3.2  4.9  5.2  21.5  14.8 
1977  60.2  17.0  3.1  4.9  4.9  20.8  13.9 
1978  59.6  16.6  3.0  4.7  4.7  20.7  13.4 
1979  59.6  16.1  2.9  4.7  4.7  20.2  13.1 
1980  59.8  16.1  2.8  4.6  4.9  21.7  13.6 
1981  60.8  16.6  2.8  4.7  5.2  22.2  13.4 
1982  61.6  16.9  2.8  4.8  5.8  23.2  13.6 
1983  61.9  17.2  2.8  4.9  6.1  23.6  13.6 
1984  62.0  17.1  2.8  5.2  6.0  22.3  13.2 
1985  61.2  17.0  2.8  5.3  6.2  23.1  13.5 
1986  61.6  16.8  2.7  5.5  6.2  22.6  13.8 
1987  61.3  16.6  2.7  5.7  6.1  21.8  14.3 
1988  60.1  16.0  2.6  5.4  5.9  21.5  14.2 
1989  60.4  15.8  2.6  5.2  5.7  21.4  14.2 
1990  59.2  15.0  2.5  5.0  5.3  22.0  14.7 
1991  58.4  14.7  2.4  4.8  4.7  22.6  15.5 
1992  56.5  13.8  2.2  4.4  4.9  22.5  16.0 
1993  55.1  12.9  2.1  4.1  4.5  21.8  15.9 
1994  54.0  12.2  1.9  3.8  4.1  21.4  15.8 
1995  52.6  11.4  1.8  3.5  3.8  21.1  15.7 

a DoD civilian employment data excludes foreign nationals.
b Includes Department of Defense -- military, atomic energy defense activities, and other defense-related activities, such as emergency management and maintenance of strategic stockpiles and the Selective Service System.


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