Document Body Page Navigation Panel 26 Page 27 28 THE CHAIRMAN, JOINT CHIEFS OF STAFF WASHINGTON, OC. 2cc318 t

CM- 1584- 93 10 February 1993

MEMORANDUM FOR T1- IE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE Subject: 1993 Report on the Roles, Missions and Functions of the Armed Forces

1. As required by Title X of the United States Code, the 1993 Report on the Roles, Missions and Functions of the Armed Forces of the United States is forwarded. Although 1 have consulted with the Joint Chiefs and combatant commanders in its development, this report presents my views and is not a consensus document

2. The report describes those ksues reviewed and provides specific recommendations for improvements needed to maintain the maximum effectiveness of the Armed Forces.

COLIN L. POWELL Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff 27 27 Page 28 29 Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Report on the " Roles, Missions, and Functions of the Armed Forces of the United States

TABLE OF CONTENTS Executive Summary ................................. ............... ........................ ................"..""."..* Table of Recommendations ............................................... ........ s...................... xxii

Chapter I -- THE CHANGING STRATEGIC LANDSCAPE ..... I- 1 About This R~ fl ............................................... ................................. `........ I- l "Roles and Missions". . . and Functiom ............................................................ I- 1 The Narure ofl% reats Facing the United States ................. .............................. I- 3 Duplication and Redundanq ............................................................................ 1- 6 The Impact of Techolo~ ............................................................................... 1- 9 Ada@ ngto l% ree Years of Breathtaking Change ............................................ 1- 10 Reshaping the Military ........ ........................................ ..................................!.. 1- 11

ChapterII - WHAT WE HAVE ACCOMPLIS~ D ....................... n- l National Military Strategy ................................................................................ U- 2 ?he "Base Force" .................................. . ................... ........ .............................. II- 2 Nuclear Forces ... ........... ........................................................ ........................... II- 3 US !kategic Command (USSTRATCOM) .............. ............................. II- 3 Prcsidcmt'sNuclear Initiatives .... ................. ..................... ..................... ~-~ Follow- on Agreements ......................................................................... II- 4 chemical Initiative ....... ................ ..... .....!......................................................... II- 5 Strategic Lif! ................ ........................................................... ......................... II- 6 Fommrd Presence ....... .................................................. ................................... II- 7 Counter- Dn3g Operations ........ ................................................ ........................ II- 9 28 28 Page 29 30 Chapter II (Cont.) t Combat Lugistics ... .................... ......................................... ........................ ... .. n- lo communications ................... ..... ...................................................................... H. ll Intelligence .... ............. ............................ .............................. ........................... II- 12 National Security Review -29 ..... ......................................................... II- 12 Strengthening Defense Intelligence ......................................... .............. II- 13 Intelligence Support to Joint Wti@ tig ........................................ ... ... II- 13 Acquisition ................................................................................................ ...... II- 16 Joint Requirements Uversight Council (JRUC) ............................... ... ... II- 16 Rograrn Initiatives ..................................... .......................................... II- 16 Doctrine........................ ........................ .......................................................... . II- 18 Training ........................................................................................................... II- 19 Yn. fYastructure Reductions ................................................................................ . II- 21 Conclusion ................................................................................ ....................... D- 23

Chapter III -- WHERE WE ARE GOING ............................................... m- l unified G) mmand Plan .................. ........................................ .......... ................ III- 2 Joint Headquarters for US Based Forces ......... .............................. .. ...... m- 3 space ................................. .......................................... ...................... .. HI- 5 Depot Maintenance Consolidation ................................................................ .. .. HI- 8 America's Air Power ................................................................................ .. ...... HI- 1o Continental Air Def@ se........................... ............................................. III- 12 Theater Air Interdiction ... ............................................................. ........ III- 13 Close Air support ................................................................................ m- 15 Marine Corps Tactical Air ................................................. ................... III- 17 t Flight T& g ................................................ ................... ................. .. III- 18 Aircrafl Requircrnems and Inventory Maagement ..... .................................. .... 111- 20

ii 29 29 Page 30 31 Chapter III (Cont.) t Consolidating Common Aircraft ..................................... ........................ .......... HI- 22 Airborne Command and Control ......................... .................................. III- z! Combat Search and Rescue (CSAR) .... ............................ ..................... III- 23 @rational Suppcm McM ........................................... ..................... III- 24 Attack Helicopters ............................... ................................... .............. III- 25 General Support Heticoptem ................................................................. III- 26 Tactical Airwankers - C- 130S...... .................. o....... ......................... III- 27 Jammer A. ircrafi.......... ........................................ .................................. III- 28 Elemonic Surveilhum Aircmft .......................... ............. ..................... III- 29 Shaping Aviation for the 90s............................... ............. ...... .. ............. ID- 3I Fonvard Presence ....................................................................... ............. ........ III- 32 Contingency and Ex@ litionary Forces ........................................ ..................... III- 35 Tanks and MLRS for the Marine Co~ s ............................................... ............. III- 37 Tanks ................. ........................ 0.......................>.................. ............... III- 37 ... ........ ........ ........ ....................................................................... ,UI- 38 Theater& r hfeme .......... ........... ................. ................. .................................. III- 39 Training, and Test and Evaluation Infrastmm. re ............ .................................. 11142 Construction Engineers ................ o.......................!...................... ............. ........ 1114 operating Tempo (O~) ................................ ..... ............................ 0..... III- 45 Initial Skills Training ......................................................!............ ..................... 111- G7 Cha. plainand Legal Coqs ................................................................................ ~- S @ltico~ ............ ....................................................................... .. m4 bgdco~ s .................... .............)................................. .....!.....+.....<..... m4 Imelligerlce .......... ...................... ...................................................................... ID49 .' Reserve Force Structure .. ............................................. .................................... III- 5 1 ConclMion ......... ........................ o.......... .............................. l........................... ~-~~

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