[Appendix, Budget of the United States Government, Fiscal Year 1998]
[Page 272-273]

 
                          EXPORT ADMINISTRATION

                              Federal Funds

General and special funds:

                      Operations and Administration

    For necessary expenses for export administration and national 
security activities of the Department of Commerce, including costs 
associated with the performance of export administration field 
activities both domestically and abroad; full medical coverage for 
dependent members of immediate families of employees stationed overseas; 
employment of Americans and aliens by contract for services abroad; 
rental of space abroad for periods not exceeding ten years, and expenses 
of alteration, repair, or improvement; payment of tort claims, in the 
manner authorized in the first paragraph of 28 U.S.C. 2672 when such 
claims arise in foreign countries; not to exceed $15,000 for official 
representation expenses abroad; awards of compensation to informers 
under the Export Administration Act of 1979, and as authorized by 22 
U.S.C. 401(b); purchase of passenger motor vehicles for official use and 
motor vehicles for law enforcement use with special requirement vehicles 
eligible for purchase without regard to any price limitation otherwise 
established by law; [$36,000,000] $43,126,000, to remain available until 
expended: Provided, That the provisions of the first sentence of section 
105(f) and all of section 108(c) of the Mutual Educational and Cultural 
Exchange Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2455(f) and 2458(c)) shall apply in 
carrying out these activities: Provided further, That payments and 
contributions collected and accepted for materials or services provided 
as part of such activities may be retained for use in covering the cost 
of such activities, and for providing information to the public with 
respect to the export administration and national security activities of 
the Department of Commerce and other export control programs of the 
United States and other governments.
    [For an additional amount for nonproliferation efforts to prevent 
illegal exports of chemical weapon precursors, biological agents, 
nuclear weapons and missile development equipment, $3,900,000, to remain 
available until expended: Provided, That the entire amount is designated 
by Congress as an emergency requirement pursuant to section 
251(b)(2)(D)(i) of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act 
of 1985, as amended.] (15 U.S.C. 1501 et seq.; 19 U.S.C. 1339(b), 1862; 
22 U.S.C. 401(b), 3901 et seq., app. 2651 et seq.; 42 U.S.C. 300j; 50 
U.S.C. 98-98h, 401 et seq., app. 2061 et seq., app. 2401 et seq.; Export 
Administration of 1979, as amended;

[[Page 273]]

Department of Commerce and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1997.)

               Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

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Identification code 13-0300-0-1-376      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
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    Obligations by program activity:
      Direct program:

00.01   Management and policy 
          coordination..................           3           3           3
00.02   Export administration...........          20          18          20
00.03   Export enforcement..............          19          20          20
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
00.91     Total direct program..........          42          41          43
01.01 Reimbursable program..............           2           3           3
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
10.00   Total obligations...............          44          44          46
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    Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance available, 
        start of year: Uninvested 
        balance.........................           4           1
22.00 New budget authority (gross)......          41          43          46
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
23.90   Total budgetary resources 
          available for obligation......          45          44          46
23.95 New obligations...................         -44         -44         -46
24.40 Unobligated balance available, end 
        of year: Uninvested balance.....           1
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    New budget authority (gross), detail:
      Current:

40.00   Appropriation...................          39          40          43
      Permanent:

68.00   Spending authority from 
          offsetting collections: 
          Offsetting collections (cash).           2           3           3
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
70.00   Total new budget authority 
          (gross).......................          41          43          46
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    Change in unpaid obligations:
72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: 
        Obligated balance: Appropriation           7           9           9
73.10 New obligations...................          44          44          46
73.20 Total outlays (gross).............         -43         -45         -46
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: 
        Obligated balance: Appropriation           9           9           7
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    Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new current authority          31          34          37
86.93 Outlays from current balances.....          10           8           6
86.97 Outlays from new permanent 
        authority.......................           2           3           3
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
87.00   Total outlays (gross)...........          43          45          46
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    Offsets:
      Against gross budget authority and outlays:

        Offsetting collections (cash) 
            from:
88.00     Federal sources...............          -1          -2          -2
88.40     Non-Federal sources...........          -1          -1          -1
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
88.90       Total, offsetting 
              collections (cash)........          -2          -3          -3
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    Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority..................          39          40          43
90.00 Outlays...........................          41          42          43
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    The activities of the Bureau of Export Administration (BXA) are 
designed to enforce U.S. export trade laws consistent with national 
security, foreign policy, and short supply objectives. The program 
strives to achieve a balance between the interests of U.S. exporters, 
the U.S. economy and U.S. national security requirements.

    Management and policy coordination.--The management and policy 
coordination program controls the development, analysis, coordination, 
and consolidation of policy initiatives and responses within the BXA. 
Under BXA's nonproliferation and export control cooperation mission, BXA 
works directly with government leaders in the Newly Independent States 
(NIS) to develop effective controls on their strategic commodities and 
data.

    Export administration.--The export administration program assures 
that export activity is consistent with national security and foreign 
policy requirements. An increase is requested to administer and enforce 
the complex inspection and reporting requirements imposed on commercial 
chemical manufacturing facilities under the Chemical Weapons Convention 
(CWC). An increase is requested for the administration of a new and 
complex Presidential initiative to encourage the use of strong 
encryption in electronic commerce and private communication while 
protecting the public safety and national security.

    Export enforcement.--The export enforcement program detects and 
prevents the illegal distribution of controlled U.S. goods and technical 
data in violation of the export administration provisions of the U.S. 
Code. Responsibilities also include enforcement of prohibitions against 
participating in unsanctioned boycotts against countries friendly to the 
United States. The program enforces the Fastener Quality Act and U.S. 
obligations under the Chemical Weapons Convention; and implements 
counterterrorism initiatives as they relate to strategic goods.

               Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

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Identification code 13-0300-0-1-376      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
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      Direct obligations:

        Personnel compensation:
11.1      Full-time permanent...........          18          19          22
11.3      Other than full-time permanent           1           1
11.5      Other personnel compensation..           1           1           2
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
11.9        Total personnel compensation          20          21          24
12.1    Civilian personnel benefits.....           4           4           5
21.0    Travel and transportation of 
          persons.......................           1           1           1
23.1    Rental payments to GSA..........           3           3           3
23.3    Communications, utilities, and 
          miscellaneous charges.........           2           2           2
24.0    Printing and reproduction.......           1           1           1
25.2    Other services..................           3           3           3
25.3    Purchases of goods and services 
          from Government accounts......           5           6           4
26.0    Supplies and materials..........           1
31.0    Equipment.......................           2
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
99.0      Subtotal, direct obligations..          42          41          43
99.0  Reimbursable obligations..........           2           3           3
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
99.9    Total obligations...............          44          44          46
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                              Personnel Summary

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Identification code 13-0300-0-1-376      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
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    Direct:
      Total compensable workyears:

1001    Full-time equivalent employment.         343         341         380
1005    Full-time equivalent of overtime 
          and holiday hours.............           1           1           1
    Reimbursable:
2001  Total compensable workyears: Full-
        time equivalent employment......           4           4           4
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