[Appendix, Budget of the United States Government, Fiscal Year 1998]
[Page 453-459]

 
                    ATOMIC ENERGY DEFENSE ACTIVITIES

                              Federal Funds

General and special funds:

                           Weapons Activities

    For Department of Energy expenses, including the [purchase, 
construction and] acquisition of [plant and] capital equipment and other 
incidental expenses necessary for atomic energy defense weapons 
activities in carrying out the purposes of the Department of Energy 
Organization Act (42 U.S.C. 7101, et seq.), [including the acquisition 
or condemnation of any real property or any facility or for plant or 
facility acquisition, construction, or expansion;] and the purchase of 
passenger motor vehicles (not to exceed [94] 70, for replacement only), 
[$3,911,198,000, to remain] $3,576,255,000 to become available October 
1, 1997 and $3,497,000,000 to become available on October 1, 1998, all 
of which shall remain available until expended. (Energy and Water 
Development Appropriations Act, 1997.)

                         Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code   89-0240-0-1-053    1996 actual      1997 est.     1998 est.      1999 est.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Obligations by program activity:

00.01 Stockpile stewardship.............       1,512          1,663         1,444          1,409
00.04 Stockpile management..............       1,958          1,943         1,828          1,788
00.06 Program direction.................         116            329           304            300
                                        ------------ --------------  ------------  -------------
00.91   Total direct program............       3,586          3,935         3,576          3,497
01.01 Reimbursable program..............         921          1,400         1,400          1,400
                                        ------------ --------------  ------------  -------------
10.00   Total obligations...............       4,507          5,335         4,976          4,897
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Budgetary resources available for 
        obligation:

      Unobligated balance available, 
          start of year:

21.40   Uninvested balance..............         148             25
21.90   Fund balance....................         343            358           358            358
                                        ------------ --------------  ------------  -------------
21.99     Total unobligated balance, 
            start of year...............         491            383           358            358
22.00 New budget authority (gross)......       4,391          5,311         4,976          4,897
22.10 Resources available from 
        recoveries of prior year 
        obligations.....................           1
22.22 Unobligated balance transferred 
        from other accounts.............           6
                                        ------------ --------------  ------------  -------------
23.90   Total budgetary resources 
          available for obligation......       4,889          5,694         5,334          5,255
23.95 New obligations...................      -4,507         -5,335        -4,976         -4,897
      Unobligated balance available, end 
          of year:

24.40   Uninvested balance..............          25
24.90   Fund balance....................         358            358           358            358
                                        ------------ --------------  ------------  -------------
24.99   Total unobligated balance, end 
          of year.......................         383            358           358            358
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    New budget authority (gross), 
        detail:

      Current:

40.00   Appropriation...................       3,455          3,911         3,576
      Permanent:

65.00   Advance appropriation (definite)                                                   3,497
68.00   Spending authority from 
          offsetting collections: 
          Offsetting collections (cash).         936          1,400         1,400          1,400
                                        ------------ --------------  ------------  -------------
70.00   Total new budget authority 
          (gross).......................       4,391          5,311         4,976          4,897
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Change in unpaid obligations:

72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: 
        Obligated balance: Appropriation       1,518          1,271         1,186          1,103
73.10 New obligations...................       4,507          5,335         4,976          4,897
73.20 Total outlays (gross).............      -4,809         -5,420        -5,060         -4,913
73.32 Obligated balance transferred from 
        other accounts..................          56
73.45 Adjustments in unexpired accounts.          -1
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: 
        Obligated balance: Appropriation       1,271          1,186         1,103          1,087
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Outlays (gross), detail:

86.90 Outlays from new current authority       2,764          3,129         2,861
86.93 Outlays from current balances.....       1,109            891           799            715
86.97 Outlays from new permanent 
        authority.......................         936          1,400         1,400          4,198
                                        ------------ --------------  ------------  -------------
87.00   Total outlays (gross)...........       4,809          5,420         5,060          4,913
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Offsets:

      Against gross budget authority and 
          outlays:

        Offsetting collections (cash) 
            from:
88.00     Federal sources...............        -899         -1,363        -1,363         -1,363
88.40     Non-Federal sources...........         -37            -37           -37            -37
                                        ------------ --------------  ------------  -------------
88.90       Total, offsetting 
              collections (cash)........        -936         -1,400        -1,400         -1,400
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Net budget authority and outlays:

89.00 Budget authority..................       3,455          3,911         3,576          3,497
90.00 Outlays...........................       3,873          4,020         3,660          3,513
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Weapons activities.--This program includes the following activities:
        Stockpile Stewardship.--This activity provides for the research, 
    development, and engineering activities to support the safety and 
    reliability of the nuclear weapons stockpile, without underground 
    nuclear testing, through a science-based Stockpile Stewardship 
    program. The core stewardship program supports Stockpile Stewardship 
    by maintaining core competencies at the weapons laboratories and the 
    Nevada Test Site, and through research on enhanced safety and 
    reliability of the enduring stockpile, dismantlement techniques, 
    waste minimization, and pollution prevention. In addition, the core 
    stewardship program maintains the capability to execute an 
    underground nuclear test if directed by the President. Research and 
    development on inertial confinement fusion is also included and the 
    transfer of nonsensitive Defense Programs' funded technology to the 
    private sector is promoted.

[[Page 454]]

        Stockpile Management.--This activity provides for the 
    maintenance of the U.S. nuclear weapons stockpile, capabilities to 
    modify or produce new weapons if required, lifetime surveillance of 
    the stockpile, and retirement and disposal of weapons and weapon 
    components. The Stockpile Management program also supports 
    activities that include maintenance of technical and operational 
    capabilities for responding to nuclear/radiological accidents and 
    incidents worldwide. A major initiative under the Stockpile 
    Management program is the dual-track strategy for a new tritium 
    source to provide tritium for the Nation's enduring nuclear weapons 
    stockpile. This program also provides for nuclear materials 
    surveillance for storage, handling, shipping, safeguarding, control 
    and accountability, and disposition for defense programs nuclear 
    materials located at former Defense Programs' facilities.
        Weapons Program Direction.--This activity provides personnel and 
    contractual services for the Federal management, direction, and the 
    administration of selected Defense Programs' missions. 

                         Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code   89-0240-0-1-053    1996 actual      1997 est.     1998 est.      1999 est.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Direct obligations:

        Personnel compensation:
11.1      Full-time permanent...........         110            120           119            120
11.3      Other than full-time permanent           3
11.5      Other personnel compensation..          11              6             6              6
                                        ------------ --------------  ------------  -------------
11.9        Total personnel compensation         124            126           125            126
12.1    Civilian personnel benefits.....          24             26            25             26
13.0    Benefits for former personnel...           3
21.0    Travel and transportation of 
          persons.......................           8             12            12             12
23.2    Rental payments to others.......           1
23.3    Communications, utilities, and 
          miscellaneous charges.........           1             11            11             11
24.0    Printing and reproduction.......                          1             1              1
25.1    Advisory and assistance services          35             76            76             76
25.2    Other services..................         261            261           260            261
25.3    Purchases of goods and services 
          from Government accounts......         577            683           678            683
25.4    Operation and maintenance of 
          facilities....................       2,124          2,322         2,286          2,199
25.5    Research and development 
          contracts.....................          71
26.0    Supplies and materials..........           7              1             2              2
31.0    Equipment.......................          90            100           100            100
32.0    Land and structures.............         250            316
41.0    Grants, subsidies, and 
          contributions.................          10
                                        ------------ --------------  ------------  -------------
99.0      Subtotal, direct obligations..       3,586          3,935         3,576          3,497
99.0  Reimbursable obligations..........         921          1,400         1,400          1,400
                                        ------------ --------------  ------------  -------------
99.9    Total obligations...............       4,507          5,335         4,976          4,897
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                       Personnel Summary

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code   89-0240-0-1-053    1996 actual      1997 est.     1998 est.      1999 est.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total compensable workyears:
1001  Full-time equivalent employment...       2,069          2,034         1,939          1,895
1005  Full-time equivalent of overtime 
        and holiday hours...............         124            124           124            124
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                <F-dash>

         Defense Environmental Restoration and Waste Management

    For Department of Energy expenses, including [the purchase, 
construction and acquisition of plant and] capital equipment and other 
expenses necessary for atomic energy defense environmental restoration 
and waste management activities in carrying out the purposes of the 
Department of Energy Organization Act (42 U.S.C. 7101, et seq.), 
including the [acquisition or condemnation of any real property or any 
facility or for plant or facility acquisition, construction, or 
expansion; and the] purchase of passenger motor vehicles (not to exceed 
[20, of which 19 are] 6, for replacement only), [$5,459,304,000] to 
remain available until expended [and, in addition, $160,000,000 for 
privatization initiatives, to remain available until expended.] 
$5,052,499,000, to become available on October 1, 1997, and $4,647,000, 
to become available on October 1, 1998. (Energy and Water Development 
Appropriations Act, 1997.)

                         Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code   89-0242-0-1-053    1996 actual      1997 est.     1998 est.      1999 est.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Obligations by program activity:

00.01 Corrective activities.............          -3
00.02 Environmental restoration.........       1,459          1,740         1,745          1,632
00.03 Waste management..................       2,349          1,559         1,455          1,310
00.04 Technology development............         405            300           258            232
00.05 Transportation management.........          12
00.06 Analysis, education, risk 
        management and other............          79
00.07 Nuclear material and facility 
        stabilization...................       1,393          1,275         1,118          1,006
00.08 Compliance and program 
        coordination....................          41
00.09 EM program direction..............                        406           388            388
00.10 Policy and management.............                         23            23             21
00.11 Environmental science program.....                         61            50             45
00.12 Environmental management 
        privatization...................                        170
00.13 Closure projects..................                         15            15             13
00.14 Fixed asset acquisition...........                        160
                                        ------------ --------------  ------------  -------------
10.00   Total obligations...............       5,735          5,709         5,052          4,647
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Budgetary resources available for 
        obligation:

21.40 Unobligated balance available, 
        start of year: Uninvested 
        balance.........................         217             82
22.00 New budget authority (gross)......       5,563          5,627         5,052          4,647
22.10 Resources available from 
        recoveries of prior year 
        obligations.....................           5
22.22 Unobligated balance transferred 
        from other accounts.............          32
                                        ------------ --------------  ------------  -------------
23.90   Total budgetary resources 
          available for obligation......       5,817          5,709         5,052          4,647
23.95 New obligations...................      -5,735         -5,709        -5,052         -4,647
24.40 Unobligated balance available, end 
        of year: Uninvested balance.....          82
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    New budget authority (gross), 
        detail:

      Current:

40.00   Appropriation...................       5,551          5,619         5,052
41.00   Transferred to other accounts...          -6
                                        ------------ --------------  ------------  -------------
43.00     Appropriation (total).........       5,545          5,619         5,052
      Permanent:

65.00   Advance appropriation (definite)                                                   4,647
68.00   Spending authority from 
          offsetting collections: 
          Offsetting collections (cash).          18              8
                                        ------------ --------------  ------------  -------------
70.00   Total new budget authority 
          (gross).......................       5,563          5,627         5,052          4,647
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Change in unpaid obligations:

72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: 
        Obligated balance: Appropriation       1,880          2,025         1,652          1,742
73.10 New obligations...................       5,735          5,709         5,052          4,647
73.20 Total outlays (gross).............      -6,148         -6,082        -4,962         -4,920
73.32 Obligated balance transferred from 
        other accounts..................         563
73.45 Adjustments in unexpired accounts.          -5
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: 
        Obligated balance: Appropriation       2,025          1,652         1,742          1,469
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Outlays (gross), detail:

86.90 Outlays from new current authority       3,470          3,967         3,789
86.93 Outlays from current balances.....       2,660          2,107         1,173          1,435
86.97 Outlays from new permanent 
        authority.......................          18              8                        3,485
                                        ------------ --------------  ------------  -------------
87.00   Total outlays (gross)...........       6,148          6,082         4,962          4,920
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Offsets:

      Against gross budget authority and 
          outlays:

88.40   Offsetting collections (cash) 
          from: Non-Federal sources.....         -18             -8
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Net budget authority and outlays:

89.00 Budget authority..................       5,545          5,619         5,052          4,647
90.00 Outlays...........................       6,130          6,074         4,962          4,920
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------



[[Page 455]]



    Environmental Management.--This program encompasses the following 
defense-related activities:

    The Office of Environmental Management must safely manage the 
generation, handling, treatment, storage, transportation and disposal of 
DOE nuclear and hazardous waste. The 1998 budget request will support 
the following major program areas:
        Environmental Restoration.--Provides for assessments, 
    characterization, remediation, and decontamination and 
    decommissioning at contaminated DOE facilities and sites. Various 
    amounts and types of waste have accumulated at these facilities and 
    sites as a result of past departmental activities spanning nearly 
    five decades.
        Waste Management.--Provides for the safe, effective and 
    efficient management of wastes generated by defense activities, 
    through treatment, storage and disposal of various waste types 
    including high-level, transuranic, low-level, mixed low-level, 
    hazardous and sanitary wastes in compliance with applicable local, 
    State, and Federal requirements and internal Department of Energy 
    requirements.
        Technology Development.--Conducts technology development 
    activities which focus on the Department's major environmental 
    management issues while involving the DOE's best talent and that of 
    the national (public and private) science and engineering 
    communities; develop and furnish in conjunction with the 
    Environmental Management (EM) customer programs, innovative 
    technologies to reduce risk to workers, the public, and the 
    environment, reduce cleanup costs; and/or provide solutions that do 
    not exist to current problems shared by multiple sites. The 
    Technology Development program is critical to achieving EM cleanup 
    goals through (1) contributing technologies that enable completion 
    and (2) through savings that can be redirected to other cleanup 
    projects. As the pace of cleanup accelerates, the return on 
    investment in Technology Development will multiply rapidly.
        Environmental Science Program.--Responsible for establishing, 
    managing and directing a targeted long-term basic research agenda 
    for Environmental Management problems so that ``transformational'' 
    or breakthrough approaches will lead to significantly reduced long-
    term cleanup costs and risks to workers and the public; ``bridging 
    the gap'' between broad fundamental research such as that performed 
    in DOE's Office of Energy Research, and needs driven applied 
    technology development which has been historically supported by 
    Environmental Management; and serving as a stimuli for focusing the 
    nation's science infrastructure on critical environmental management 
    problems. In addition, the Office is responsible for developing risk 
    policy, requirements and guidance to ensure that risk analysis 
    theory and processes are integrated into coherent decision making 
    processes. The goals of these processes must be to meet Departmental 
    missions while protecting public health, worker health and safety, 
    ecosystem viability, and cultural and national resources through 
    integrated risk analysis practices addressing technical, legal and 
    social elements.
        Nuclear Material and Facility Stabilization.--Manage a national 
    program to stabilize and safeguard excess nuclear materials, 
    currently stored in various forms and locations, to reduce the 
    potential risks posed to workers and the public. Provide the means 
    to achieve cost savings and efficiencies through deactivation of 
    surplus facilities which results in lower costs of maintaining 
    facilities awaiting decontamination and decommissioning. Provide 
    interim storage and stewardship of nuclear materials, including 
    spent nuclear fuel, awaiting ultimate disposition. Support the 
    Nation's nonproliferation goals and policies through the receipt and 
    management of foreign research reactor spent nuclear fuel. Provide 
    policy direction for landlord planning and budgeting, including 
    reducing site infrastructure costs and managing workforce 
    restructuring. Manage the national Transportation Management program 
    and the national Pollution Prevention program and provide leadership 
    for crosscutting issues raised by the field and/or Headquarters, as 
    well as serving as an advocate for the field at Headquarters.
        Policy and Management.--Provides funding for overall direction, 
    planning and management of the EM program and support of 
    crosscutting functions such as public accountability, finance, 
    information management and strategic planning.
        EM Program Direction.--Provides salaries and benefits, travel 
    and other contractual support costs for the Federal workforce at 
    Headquarters and in the field which support the Environmental 
    Management Program.
        EM Privatization.--EM privatization will be funded under the 
    Defense EM Privatization Appropriation.
        Fixed Assets.--Full funding of construction projects is included 
    in the Defense Asset Acquisition Account.
        EM will continue to improve the efficiency of its programs 
    through a variety of management and contracting strategies. In 
    addition to privatization efforts, emphasis will continue on the 
    reduction of support costs and implementation of performance-based 
    contracts.
        EM is developing a Ten Year Plan to accelerate and complete a 
    substantial amount of the cleanup of the EM complex within the next 
    ten years. To achieve this goal, each EM site is establishing 
    projects with clearly defined ``end-states'' to clean up wastes, 
    facilities, and materials. Once the Ten Year Plan process is well 
    underway, outyear funding for this program will be re-examined.
        EM has adopted seven principles to guide its day-to-day 
    operations and the development of the Ten Year Plan: (1) Eliminate 
    the most urgent risks; (2) Reduce mortgage and support costs to free 
    up resources for further risk reductions; (3) Protect worker health 
    and safety; (4) Reduce the generation of waste; (5) Create a 
    collaborative relationship between DOE and its regulators and 
    stakeholders; (6) Focus technology development on cost and risk 
    reduction; (7) Integrate waste treatment and disposal across sites. 

                         Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code   89-0242-0-1-053    1996 actual      1997 est.     1998 est.      1999 est.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Personnel compensation:

11.1    Full-time permanent.............         190            189           168            168
11.3    Other than full-time permanent..           4              4             4              4
11.5    Other personnel compensation....           5              5             4              4
                                        ------------ --------------  ------------  -------------
11.9      Total personnel compensation..         199            198           176            176
12.1  Civilian personnel benefits.......          41             41            36             36
13.0  Benefits for former personnel.....           2              2             2              2
21.0  Travel and transportation of 
        persons.........................          12             12             9              9
23.1  Rental payments to GSA............           9              9             7              7
23.3  Communications, utilities, and 
        miscellaneous charges...........          18             18            16             16
24.0  Printing and reproduction.........           1              1             1              1
25.1  Advisory and assistance services..         481            479           425            425
25.2  Other services....................         860            856           759            759
25.3  Purchases of goods and services 
        from Government accounts........           5              5             4              4
25.4  Operation and maintenance of 
        facilities......................       3,548          3,531         3,123          2,718
25.5  Research and development contracts          89             89            79             79
26.0  Supplies and materials............           6              6             5              5
31.0  Equipment.........................         106            106            94             94
32.0  Land and structures...............         230            229           203            203
41.0  Grants, subsidies, and 
        contributions...................         127            126           112            112
42.0  Insurance claims and indemnities..           1              1             1              1
                                        ------------ --------------  ------------  -------------
99.9    Total obligations...............       5,735          5,709         5,052          4,647
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                       Personnel Summary

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code   89-0242-0-1-053    1996 actual      1997 est.     1998 est.      1999 est.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total compensable workyears:
1001  Full-time equivalent employment...       3,214          3,197         3,026          2,941

[[Page 456]]

1005  Full-time equivalent of overtime 
        and holiday hours...............          16             16            16             16
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                <F-dash>

             Defense Environmental Management Privatization

    For Department of Energy expenses for privatization projects 
necessary for atomic energy defense environmental restoration and waste 
management activities authorized by the Department of Energy 
Organization Act (42 U.S.C. 7101, et seq.), to remain available until 
expended. $1,006,000,000 to become available on October 1, 1997, and 
$800,000,000 to become available on October 1, 1998. 

                         Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code   89-0249-0-1-053    1996 actual      1997 est.     1998 est.      1999 est.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Obligations by program activity:

10.00 Total obligations (object class 
        25.2)...........................                                    1,006            800
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Budgetary resources available for 
        obligation:

22.00 New budget authority (gross)......                                    1,006            800
23.95 New obligations...................                                   -1,006           -800
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    New budget authority (gross), 
        detail:

      Current:

40.00   Appropriation...................                                    1,006
      Permanent:

65.00   Advance appropriation (definite)                                                     800
                                        ------------ --------------  ------------  -------------
70.00   Total new budget authority 
          (gross).......................                                    1,006            800
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Change in unpaid obligations:

72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: 
        Obligated balance: Appropriation                                                   1,006
73.10 New obligations...................                                    1,006            800
73.20 Total outlays (gross).............                                                     -30
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: 
        Obligated balance: Appropriation                                    1,006          1,776
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Outlays (gross), detail:

86.93 Outlays from current balances.....                                                      30
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Net budget authority and outlays:

89.00 Budget authority..................                                    1,006            800
90.00 Outlays...........................                                                      30
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

        Environmental Management Privatization.--Provides funding 
    necessary to proceed with privatization of various DOE environmental 
    management projects that will treat some of DOE's most contaminated 
    soil and highly radioactive waste, as well as deactivate 
    contaminated nuclear facilities that cost excessive amounts of money 
    to maintain. This new approach to cleanup relies on the private 
    sector to construct and operate facilities or proceed with cleanup 
    actions on a fixed-price, fee-for-service basis. These competitively 
    awarded projects are expected to save approximately 30 percent or 
    more over the life-cycle of the projects, when compared to DOE's 
    traditional approach of designing, constructing and operating a 
    government-owned facility. Funds in this account will allow DOE to 
    enter into these contracts and assures private investors that funds 
    will be available to pay for services once the facilities are built.

                                <F-dash>

                        Other Defense Activities

    For Department of Energy expenses, including the [purchase, 
construction and] acquisition of [plant and] capital equipment and other 
expenses necessary for atomic energy defense, other defense activities, 
in carrying out the purposes of the Department of Energy Organization 
Act (42 U.S.C. 7101, et seq.), [including the acquisition or 
condemnation of any real property or any facility or for plant or 
facility acquisition, construction, or expansion, and the purchase of 
passenger motor vehicles (not to exceed 2 for replacement only), 
$1,605,733,000, to] $1,605,981,000 to become available on October 1, 
1997 and $1,604,000,000, to become available on October 1, 1998, all of 
which shall remain available until expended. (Energy and Water 
Development Appropriations Act, 1997.)

                         Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code   89-0243-0-1-053    1996 actual      1997 est.     1998 est.      1999 est.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Obligations by program activity:

00.01 Nonproliferation and national 
        security........................         562            646           671            689
00.02 Fissile materials disposition.....          70            104           104            104
00.03 Worker and community transition...          77             70            70             50
00.04 Naval reactors....................         681            683           626            626
00.05 International nuclear safety and 
        security........................          45             84            81             81
00.06 Environment, safety and health 
        (defense).......................          32             82            54             54
00.07 Other.............................         -10              1
                                        ------------ --------------  ------------  -------------
10.00   Total obligations...............       1,457          1,670         1,606          1,604
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Budgetary resources available for 
        obligation:

      Unobligated balance available, 
          start of year:

21.40   Uninvested balance..............          94             64
21.90   Fund balance....................          31
                                        ------------ --------------  ------------  -------------
21.99     Total unobligated balance, 
            start of year...............         125             64
22.00 New budget authority (gross)......       1,430          1,606         1,606          1,604
22.10 Resources available from 
        recoveries of prior year 
        obligations.....................           3
22.21 Unobligated balance transferred to 
        other accounts..................         -38
22.22 Unobligated balance transferred 
        from other accounts.............           1
                                        ------------ --------------  ------------  -------------
23.90   Total budgetary resources 
          available for obligation......       1,521          1,670         1,606          1,604
23.95 New obligations...................      -1,457         -1,670        -1,606         -1,604
24.40 Unobligated balance available, end 
        of year: Uninvested balance.....          64
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    New budget authority (gross), 
        detail:

      Current:

40.00   Appropriation...................       1,386          1,606         1,606
41.00   Transferred to other accounts...          -5
42.00   Transferred from other accounts.          49
                                        ------------ --------------  ------------  -------------
43.00     Appropriation (total).........       1,430          1,606         1,606
      Permanent:

65.00   Advance appropriation (definite)                                                   1,604
                                        ------------ --------------  ------------  -------------
70.00   Total new budget authority 
          (gross).......................       1,430          1,606         1,606          1,604
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Change in unpaid obligations:

72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: 
        Obligated balance: Appropriation       1,281            642           641            641
73.10 New obligations...................       1,457          1,670         1,606          1,604
73.20 Total outlays (gross).............      -1,473         -1,671        -1,606         -1,604
73.31 Obligated balance transferred to 
        other accounts..................        -619
73.45 Adjustments in unexpired accounts.          -3
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: 
        Obligated balance: Appropriation         642            641           641            641
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Outlays (gross), detail:

86.90 Outlays from new current authority       1,144          1,285         1,285
86.93 Outlays from current balances.....         329            386           321            321
86.97 Outlays from new permanent 
        authority.......................                                                   1,283
                                        ------------ --------------  ------------  -------------
87.00   Total outlays (gross)...........       1,473          1,671         1,606          1,604
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Net budget authority and outlays:

89.00 Budget authority..................       1,430          1,606         1,606          1,604
90.00 Outlays...........................       1,473          1,671         1,606          1,604
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Other defense activities.--This program includes the following 
activities:


[[Page 457]]


        Nonproliferation and National Security.--The Department's 
    Nonproliferation and National Security activities consist of the 
    following areas: Nonproliferation and Verification, Research and 
    Development, Arms Control and Nonproliferation, Intelligence, 
    Nuclear Safeguards and Security, Security Investigations, Emergency 
    Management and Program Direction. These activities provide policy, 
    direction, technology development and implementation, and leadership 
    in national and international efforts to reduce the danger to U.S. 
    national security posed by weapons of mass destruction. Key mission 
    areas are: (1) preventing the spread of weapons of mass destruction 
    materials, technology, and expertise; (2) detecting the 
    proliferation of weapons of mass destruction world wide; (3) 
    reversing the proliferation of nuclear weapons capabilities; and (4) 
    responding to weapons of mass destruction emergencies.
        Fissile Materials Disposition.--The Fissile Materials 
    Disposition Program is responsible for the Department's technical 
    and management efforts to provide for the safe, secure, 
    environmentally sound future storage of all weapons-usable fissile 
    materials (high enriched uranium and plutonium) and the disposition 
    of all fissile materials declared surplus to national defense needs. 
    Preparations have begun to dispose of surplus weapons high enriched 
    uranium, over time, by blending it down to low enriched uranium for 
    peaceful use as commercial reactor fuel. In addition, DOE will 
    reduce the number of locations where weapons-usable fissile 
    materials are stored and will pursue a plutonium disposition 
    strategy that could involve both immobilization in glass or ceramic 
    form and burning of surplus plutonium as mixed oxide fuel in 
    existing reactors. Over the next two years, DOE will complete tests, 
    process development, demonstrations, environmental reviews and 
    detailed cost proposals for both disposition approaches. Near term 
    efforts also involve implementation of consolidated long-term 
    storage, pending disposition, for those materials; designing and 
    demonstrating a system to disassemble plutonium weapons components 
    and convert the plutonium to forms suitable for long-term storage 
    and either disposition approach; and cooperative activities with 
    Russia on plutonium disposition technologies.
        Worker and Community Transition.--In accordance with Section 
    3161 of the National Defense Authorization Act of 1993, DOE is 
    responsible for mitigating the impact on workers and communities 
    that results from reductions in the workforce at defense nuclear 
    facilities. This program provides for the development and 
    implementation of plans to provide options to assist workers 
    affected by workforce restructuring including preference in hiring, 
    outplacement assistance, relocation assistance, and incentives for 
    early retirement or separation. This program also provides impact 
    assistance to local communities.
        Naval Reactors.--This program performs the design, development, 
    and testing necessary to provide the Navy with safe, militarily 
    effective nuclear propulsion plants in keeping with the Nation's 
    nuclear-powered fleet defense requirements. During 1998, the program 
    expects to reach 4,800 cumulative reactor-years of safe operation, 
    and will continue to support and improve operating reactors and 
    plant components. In addition, the program will continue to develop 
    nuclear reactor plant components and systems for the Navy's new 
    attack submarine, procure equipment needs for development and 
    testing activities, and maintain or shut down aging facilities as 
    appropriate. In 1998, inactivation will continue on six of the 
    program's eight land-based prototypes which have been shut down.
        Intenational Nuclear Safety and Security.--The International 
    Nuclear Safety decision unit supports management and operational 
    safety improvements, engineering and technology upgrades, and 
    encourages development and continuation of a U.S. equivalent nuclear 
    safety culture at Soviet-designed reactor sites in Russia, Ukraine, 
    and Central and Eastern Europe; continues to address safety and 
    nonproliferation concerns related to breeder reactors and spent fuel 
    management in countries of the former Soviet Union; supports tasks 
    related to securing the closure of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant 
    and addressing the ultimate disposition of Chernobyl's Unit-4; and 
    continues efforts at Argonne National Laboratory-West to complete 
    demonstration of the electrometallurgical technology for treatment 
    of EBR-II spent fuel and other DOE spent fuel types.
        Environment, safety and health (Defense).--The Office of 
    Environment, Safety and Health is a corporate resource that provides 
    Departmental leadership and management to protect the workers, 
    public, and environment. This is demonstrated by conducting 
    independent oversight of the Department's environment, safety, 
    health, and safeguards and security programs; and by providing 
    technical assistance, resources, and information sharing. The 
    programs in the Other Defense Activities are Oversight, Health 
    Studies, and Radiation Effects Research Foundation support. The goal 
    of these programs is to improve the performance and effectiveness of 
    the Department's workforce and contractor employees in matters 
    related to environment, safety, health, and safeguards and security.

                         Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code   89-0243-0-1-053    1996 actual      1997 est.     1998 est.      1999 est.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Personnel compensation:

11.1    Full-time permanent.............          51             60            53             53
11.3    Other than full-time permanent..           1              1             1              1
11.5    Other personnel compensation....           2              2             2              2
11.8    Special personal services 
          payments......................                                        1              1
                                        ------------ --------------  ------------  -------------
11.9      Total personnel compensation..          54             63            57             57
12.1  Civilian personnel benefits.......          10             12            11             11
13.0  Benefits for former personnel.....           1
21.0  Travel and transportation of 
        persons.........................           4              5             3              3
23.1  Rental payments to GSA............                          5             5              5
23.3  Communications, utilities, and 
        miscellaneous charges...........           1
24.0  Printing and reproduction.........                          1             1              1
25.1  Advisory and assistance services..          33             44            39             39
25.2  Other services....................         123            132           130            132
25.3  Purchases of goods and services 
        from Government accounts........           9             21            22             22
25.4  Operation and maintenance of 
        facilities......................         560            609           599            608
25.5  Research and development contracts         536            583           573            580
25.7  Operation and maintenance of 
        equipment.......................                          4             4              4
26.0  Supplies and materials............           3              1             1              1
31.0  Equipment.........................          79             89            86             86
32.0  Land and structures...............          29             41             9              9
41.0  Grants, subsidies, and 
        contributions...................          15             60            66             46
                                        ------------ --------------  ------------  -------------
99.9    Total obligations...............       1,457          1,670         1,606          1,604
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                       Personnel Summary

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code   89-0243-0-1-053    1996 actual      1997 est.     1998 est.      1999 est.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total compensable workyears:
1001  Full-time equivalent employment...         731            785           765            738
1005  Full-time equivalent of overtime 
        and holiday hours...............           6              6             6              6
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                <F-dash>

                     Defense Nuclear Waste Disposal

    For nuclear waste disposal activities to carry out the purposes of 
Public Law 97-425, as amended, [including the acquisition of real 
property or facility construction or expansion, $200,000,000,] to remain 
available until expended, $190,000,000 to become available on October 1, 
1997, and $190,000,000 to become available on October 1, 1998. (Energy 
and Water Development Appropriations Act, 1997.)

[[Page 458]]

                         Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code   89-0244-0-1-053    1996 actual      1997 est.     1998 est.      1999 est.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Obligations by program activity:

10.00 Total obligations (object class 
        25.2)...........................         160            200           190            275
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Budgetary resources available for 
        obligation:

21.40 Unobligated balance available, 
        start of year: Uninvested 
        balance.........................                         88            88             88
22.00 New budget authority (gross)......         248            200           190            190
                                        ------------ --------------  ------------  -------------
23.90   Total budgetary resources 
          available for obligation......         248            288           278            278
23.95 New obligations...................        -160           -200          -190           -275
24.40 Unobligated balance available, end 
        of year: Uninvested balance.....          88             88            88              3
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    New budget authority (gross), 
        detail:

      Current:

40.00   Appropriation...................         248            200           190
      Permanent:

65.00   Advance appropriation (definite)                                                     190
                                        ------------ --------------  ------------  -------------
70.00   Total new budget authority 
          (gross).......................         248            200           190            190
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Change in unpaid obligations:

72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: 
        Obligated balance: Appropriation          28             37            55             50
73.10 New obligations...................         160            200           190            275
73.20 Total outlays (gross).............        -151           -182          -195           -233
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: 
        Obligated balance: Appropriation          37             55            50             92
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Outlays (gross), detail:

86.90 Outlays from new current authority         147            100            95
86.93 Outlays from current balances.....           4             82           100            138
86.97 Outlays from new permanent 
        authority.......................                                                      95
                                        ------------ --------------  ------------  -------------
87.00   Total outlays (gross)...........         151            182           195            233
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Net budget authority and outlays:

89.00 Budget authority..................         248            200           190            190
90.00 Outlays...........................         151            182           195            233
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    This appropriation was established by Congress as part of the 1993 
Energy and Water Development Appropriation (P.L. 102-377) in lieu of 
payment from the Department of Energy into the Nuclear Waste Fund for 
activities related to the disposal of defense high-level waste.

    The outyear funding for this account for fiscal years 2000-2002 does 
not reflect the impact of the 1998 viability assessment of Yucca 
Mountain.

                                <F-dash>

                        Defense Asset Acquisition

    For expenses of national defense activities of the Department of 
Energy authorized by the Department of Energy Organization Act (42 
U.S.C. 7101, et seq.), including the purchase, condemnation, 
construction, expansion, and acquisition of facility or plant, to remain 
available until expended $2,166,859,000 to become available on October 
1, 1997, and $1,067,000,000 to become available on October 1, 1998: 
Provided, That notwithstanding section 302 of Public Law 102-377, 
amounts appropriated under this head shall not be available for transfer 
to any other appropriation head without further appropriations action by 
Congress.

                         Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code   89-0248-0-1-053    1996 actual      1997 est.     1998 est.      1999 est.
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Obligations by program activity:

00.01 Defense programs..................                                    1,502            668
00.02 Environmental management..........                                      643            310
00.03 Naval reactors....................                                       22             19
00.04 Fissile materials disposition.....                                                      70
                                        ------------ --------------  ------------  -------------
10.00   Total obligations (object class 
          32.0).........................                                    2,167          1,067
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Budgetary resources available for 
        obligation:

22.00 New budget authority (gross)......                                    2,167          1,067
23.95 New obligations...................                                   -2,167         -1,067
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    New budget authority (gross), 
        detail:

      Current:

40.00   Appropriation...................                                    2,167
      Permanent:

65.00   Advance appropriation (definite)                                                   1,067
                                        ------------ --------------  ------------  -------------
70.00   Total new budget authority 
          (gross).......................                                    2,167          1,067
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Change in unpaid obligations:

72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: 
        Obligated balance: Appropriation                                                   1,690
73.10 New obligations...................                                    2,167          1,067
73.20 Total outlays (gross).............                                     -477           -798
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: 
        Obligated balance: Appropriation                                    1,690          1,959
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Outlays (gross), detail:

86.90 Outlays from new current authority                                      477
86.93 Outlays from current balances.....                                                     563
86.97 Outlays from new permanent 
        authority.......................                                                     235
                                        ------------ --------------  ------------  -------------
87.00   Total outlays (gross)...........                                      477            798
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Net budget authority and outlays:

89.00 Budget authority..................                                    2,167          1,067
90.00 Outlays...........................                                      477            798
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    This account provides budget authority necessary to complete useful 
segments of all new and ongoing construction projects supporting 
National Defense programs in the Department of Energy, as opposed to the 
traditional practice of requesting incremental budget authority annually 
throughout the life of the projects.

    Defense Programs.--Provides budget authority in FY 1998 for all new 
and ongoing construction projects which support the stockpile 
stewardship and management programs managed by the Office of Defense 
Programs. The largest project is the National Ignition Facility, an 
inertial fusion facility to be located at the Lawrence Livermore 
National Laboratory. This project accounts for about two-thirds of the 
total budget request for Defense Programs fixed asset funding. Other 
continuing projects include the Dual Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic 
Facility at the Los Alamos National Laboratory and the Contained Firing 
Facility Addition at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. 
Proposed new projects include the Stockpile Management Restructuring 
Initiative projects at various locations.

    Naval Reactors.--Provides requested funding in FY 1998 for all new 
and ongoing construction projects which support the mission of the 
Office of Naval Reactors.

    Environmental Management.--Provides for refurbishing or replacing 
inadequate facilities and infrastructure to meet modern environmental 
compliance requirements. Support is provided to multiple Environmental 
Management sites and installations for waste management and nuclear 
materials management functions. In waste management, fixed asset funding 
will support projects, including upgrades to hazardous/radioactive tank 
farm systems at the Savannah River and Hanford sites, landfill 
construction at Oak Ridge, construction of the initial tank retrieval 
system for high level waste at the Hanford site, removal of high level 
waste from tanks at Savannah River, construction of a new hazardous 
waste treatment and processing facility at the Pantex Plant and 
construction of a decontamination and waste treatment facility at 
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. In the nuclear material and 
facility stabilization program, funding will support projects, such as 
spent nuclear fuel dry storage at Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, 
a plutonium stabilization handling system for the Plutonium Finishing 
Plant at the Hanford site, construction of an actinide packaging and 
storage facility at Savannah River, a spent nuclear fuel

[[Page 459]]

canister storage and stabilization facility at Hanford, and utility 
system upgrades at Idaho National Engineering Laboratory.

                                <F-dash>