[Appendix, Budget of the United States Government, Fiscal Year 1998]
[Page 459-477]

 
                             ENERGY PROGRAMS

                              Federal Funds

General and special funds:

                 General Science and Research Activities

    For expenses of the Department of Energy activities including the 
purchase[, construction] and acquisition of [plant and] capital 
equipment and other expenses necessary for general science and research 
activities in carrying out the purposes of the Department of Energy 
Organization Act (42 U.S.C. 7101, et seq.), including the [acquisition 
or condemnation of any real property or facility or for plant or 
facility acquisition, construction, or expansion, $996,000,000 to remain 
available until expended.] purchase of 5 passenger motor vehicles for 
replacement only, $890,910,000 to remain available until expended. 
Further, for the Large Hadron Collider project, to become available on 
October 1 of the fiscal year specified and to remain available until 
expended, as follows: 1999, $65,000,000; 2000, $70,000,000; 2001, 
$70,000,000; 2002, $70,000,000; 2003, $65,000,000; and 2004, 
$54,000,000. (Energy and Water Development Appropriations Act, 1997.)

               Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-0222-0-1-251      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Obligations by program activity:
00.01 High energy physics...............         657         670         624
00.02 Superconducting super collider....          21           5
00.03 Nuclear physics...................         300         316         257
00.04 General science program direction.          10          12          10
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
10.00   Total obligations...............         988       1,003         891
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance available, 
        start of year: Uninvested 
        balance.........................          46          24          17
22.00 New budget authority (gross)......         966         996         876
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
23.90   Total budgetary resources 
          available for obligation......       1,012       1,020         893
23.95 New obligations...................        -988      -1,003        -891
24.40 Unobligated balance available, end 
        of year: Uninvested balance.....          24          17           2
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    New budget authority (gross), detail:
40.00 Appropriation.....................         981         996         891
41.00 Transferred to other accounts.....         -15                     -15
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
43.00   Appropriation (total)...........         966         996         876
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
70.00   Total new budget authority 
          (gross).......................         966         996         876
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Change in unpaid obligations:
72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: 
        Obligated balance: Appropriation         514         448         462
73.10 New obligations...................         988       1,003         891
73.20 Total outlays (gross).............      -1,054        -989        -905
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: 
        Obligated balance: Appropriation         448         462         448
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new current authority         742         753         662
86.93 Outlays from current balances.....         312         236         243
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
87.00   Total outlays (gross)...........       1,054         989         905
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority..................         966         996         876
90.00 Outlays...........................       1,054         989         905
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    High energy physics.--This research program focuses on gaining 
insights into the fundamental constituents of matter, the fundamental 
forces in nature, and the transformations between matter and energy at 
the most elementary level. The program encompasses both experimental and 
theoretical particle physics research and related advanced accelerator 
and detector technology R&D. The primary mode of experimental research 
involves the study of collisions of energetic particles using large 
particle accelerators or colliding beam facilities.

    Research in 1998 will continue to focus on studies of known 
fundamental particle constituents, the search for new particle 
constituents, and the pursuit of a unified description of the four 
fundamental forces in nature.

    In addition to contributing to breakthrough discoveries such as the 
existence of the top quark, high energy physics research enhances 
national economic competitiveness. State-of-the-art technology developed 
for accelerators and detectors contribute to progress in fields such as 
fast electronics, high-speed computing, superconducting magnet 
technology, and high-power radio frequency devices. High energy physics 
research also continues to make major contributions to accelerator 
technology and provides the expertise necessary for the expansion of 
such technology into fields such as medical diagnostics, and applied 
research using synchrotron light sources.

    The 1998 high energy physics budget request will support the 
continued operation of all three of the Department's major high energy 
physics facilities: the Tevatron, the Stanford Linear Collider (SLC), 
and the Alternating Gradient Synchrotron (AGS). In addition, $35 
million, an increase of $20 million, is provided for the Department's FY 
1998 contribution to U.S. participation in the Large Hadron Collider 
(LHC) project at CERN. An advance appropriation of $394 million is 
requested for the LHC project for FY 1999 through FY 2004. This 
financing will allow DOE to meet its obligations to the LHC, as outlined 
under the international agreement to be signed in the summer of 1997.

    The high energy physics R&D request provides funding for advanced 
accelerator and detector R&D that is necessary for next-generation high 
energy particle accelerators. The FY 1998 request provides $48 million 
to continue the fabrication of BaBar, the detector for the B-Factory, 
and the upgrades of the two detectors at Fermilab, CDF and D-Zero, a 
$12.4 million increase over the 1997 enacted level.

    Superconducting Super Collider.--The Department will continue the 
orderly termination of the Superconducting Super Collider (SSC) in 1998, 
as directed by Congress in the 1994 Energy and Water Development 
Appropriations Act. No additional funding for such activities is 
requested in 1998. Due to the efficiency of the SSC termination, $15 
million in unobligated balances will be transferred to reduce the FY 
1998 Energy Supply R&D appropriation request.

    Nuclear Physics.--The goal of the nuclear physics program is to 
understand the interactions and structure of atomic nuclei and to 
investigate fundamental particles and forces of nature as manifested in 
nuclear matter. In 1998, the program will continue to focus on the role 
of quarks in the composition and interactions of nuclei, the application 
of nuclear physics methods to astrophysical problems, the properties of 
neutrinos, and the mechanisms by which colliding nuclei exchange mass, 
energy, and angular momentum.

    The nuclear physics program supports and provides experimental 
equipment to qualified scientists and research groups conducting 
experiments at nuclear physics accelerator facilities. In addition, 
nuclear physics accelerators generate many of the radioisotopes used for 
medical diagnosis and treatments; support several cooperative programs 
in biomedical research and atomic physics; and provide training 
opportunities for health physicists concerned with radiation-effects on 
humans.

    The TJNAF/CEBAF experimental program began in FY 1996 and will 
continue in FY 1998 with the conduct of research in all three 
experimental halls. Experimental operations have also been initiated at 
the Radioactive Ion Beam facility in Oak Ridge National Laboratory and 
will continue

[[Page 460]]

in 1998. Operation of ATLAS (BNL), TAGS (BNL), and the 88-inch cyclotron 
(LBNL) will be supported, as will the operation of the university-based 
accelerator laboratories.

    General science program direction.--Provides direction, management, 
and administrative support to high energy and nuclear physics programs 
within general science.

               Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-0222-0-1-251      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
11.1  Personnel compensation: Full-time 
        permanent.......................           7           7           6
12.1  Civilian personnel benefits.......           1           1           1
21.0  Travel and transportation of 
        persons.........................           1           1
25.1  Advisory and assistance services..                       1           1
25.2  Other services....................          21           1           1
25.3  Purchases of goods and services 
        from Government accounts........           2           2           2
25.4  Operation and maintenance of 
        facilities......................         335         339         350
25.5  Research and development contracts         195         238         259
31.0  Equipment.........................          84          86         112
32.0  Land and structures...............         195         195          25
41.0  Grants, subsidies, and 
        contributions...................         147         132         134
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
99.9    Total obligations...............         988       1,003         891
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                              Personnel Summary

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-0222-0-1-251      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total compensable workyears:
1001  Full-time equivalent employment...         108         100          90
1005  Full-time equivalent of overtime 
        and holiday hours...............           1           1
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                <F-dash>

                       Science Assets Acquisition

    For expenses of Department of Energy general science and research 
activities, including the purchase, construction, expansion, and 
acquisition of plant, real property, and other physcial assets necessary 
to carry out the Department of Energy Organization Act (42 U.S.C. 7101, 
et seq.), including condemnation of any real property or facility, 
$126,870,000, to remain available until expended: Provided, That 
notwithstanding section 302 of Public Law 102-377, amounts appropriated 
under this head shall not be available for transfer to any other 
appropriation head without further appropriations action by Congress. 

               Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-0247-0-1-251      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Obligations by program activity:
00.01 High energy physics asset 
        acquisition.....................                                  51
00.02 Nuclear physics asset acquisition.                                  76
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
10.00   Total obligations (object class 
          32.0).........................                                 127
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Budgetary resources available for obligation:
22.00 New budget authority (gross)......                                 127
23.95 New obligations...................                                -127
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    New budget authority (gross), detail:
40.00 Appropriation.....................                                 127
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Change in unpaid obligations:
73.10 New obligations...................                                 127
73.20 Total outlays (gross).............                                 -83
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: 
        Obligated balance: Appropriation                                  44
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new current authority                                  83
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority..................                                 127
90.00 Outlays...........................                                  83
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    This account provides full budget authority to complete useful 
segments of all new and on-going construction projects supporting the 
Department of Energy's general science and research activities, as 
opposed to the traditional practice of requesting incremental budget 
authority annually throughout the life of the project.

    The High Energy and Nuclear Physics programs request funding for 
advanced accelerator and detector facilities that are required to 
conduct forefront physics research. In High Energy Physics, budget 
authority of $31.0 million is requested to complete the Fermilab Main 
Injector Project, and $9.4 million to complete the SLAC Master 
Substation Upgrade, both in FY 1998. A total of $5.5 million is also 
requested for engineering design of the Neutrinos at the Main Infector 
project, and $5.0 million for construction of the C0 detector hall at 
Fermilab. Nuclear Physics requests budget authority of $76.0 million to 
complete the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collidor.

                                <F-dash>

           Energy Supply, Research and Development Activities

    For expenses of the Department of Energy activities including the 
purchase[, construction] and acquisition of [plant and] capital 
equipment and other expenses necessary for energy supply, research and 
development, and uranium supply and enrichment activities in carrying 
out the purposes of the Department of Energy Organization Act (42 U.S.C. 
7101, et seq.), including [the acquisition or condemnation of any real 
property or any facility or for plant or facility acquisition, 
construction, or expansion;] purchase of passenger motor vehicles (not 
to exceed [24] 13 for replacement only), [$2,710,908,000] 
$2,999,497,000, to remain available until expended, of which $15,000,000 
shall be derived by transfer from unobligated balances under ``General 
Science and Research'' originally available for superconducting Super 
Collider termination activities, to be merged with this account and to 
be available for the time and purposes for which this account is 
available, and of which not to exceed $25,000 may be for official 
reception and representation expenses for transparency activities. 
(Energy and Water Development Appropriations Act, 1997.)

               Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-0224-0-1-271      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Obligations by program activity:
      Direct program:

00.01   Solar and renewable energy......         252         266         343
00.02   Nuclear fission.................         246         222         218
00.03   Uranium enrichment activities...                                  79
00.04   Environment, safety and health..         115          86         109
00.05   Environmental restoration and 
          waste management..............         632         587         682
00.06   Biological and environmental 
          research......................         390         384         377
00.07   Magnetic fusion.................         240         231         225
00.08   Supporting research and 
          technical analysis............         888         689         869
00.09   Multiprogram facilities support.          33          14
00.10   In-house energy management......           2
00.11   Technical information management 
          program.......................          12          12          12
00.12   Nuclear safety policy...........          13
00.14   Multi-program operations........                      98         100
00.15   Computational and technology 
          research......................                     151
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
00.91     Total direct obligations......       2,823       2,740       3,014
01.01 Reimbursable program..............         917       1,498       1,350
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
10.00   Total obligations...............       3,740       4,238       4,364
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance available, 
        start of year: Uninvested 
        balance.........................         233         178         164
22.00 New budget authority (gross)......       3,676       4,209       4,349
22.10 Resources available from 
        recoveries of prior year 
        obligations.....................          10          15          15
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
23.90   Total budgetary resources 
          available for obligation......       3,919       4,402       4,528
23.95 New obligations...................      -3,740      -4,238      -4,364
24.40 Unobligated balance available, end 
        of year: Uninvested balance.....         178         164         164
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    New budget authority (gross), detail:
      Current:

40.00   Appropriation...................       2,727       2,711       2,984

[[Page 461]]

40.35   Appropriation rescinded.........          -6
42.00   Transferred from other accounts.          38                      15
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
43.00     Appropriation (total).........       2,758       2,711       2,999
      Permanent:

68.00   Spending authority from 
          offsetting collections: 
          Offsetting collections (cash).         917       1,498       1,350
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
70.00   Total new budget authority 
          (gross).......................       3,676       4,209       4,349
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Change in unpaid obligations:
72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: 
        Obligated balance: Appropriation       2,228       1,926       1,826
73.10 New obligations...................       3,740       4,238       4,364
73.20 Total outlays (gross).............      -4,032      -4,323      -4,198
73.45 Adjustments in unexpired accounts.         -10         -15         -15
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: 
        Obligated balance: Appropriation       1,926       1,826       1,977
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new current authority       1,241       1,220       1,350
86.93 Outlays from current balances.....       1,874       1,605       1,498
86.97 Outlays from new permanent 
        authority.......................         917       1,498       1,350
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
87.00   Total outlays (gross)...........       4,032       4,323       4,198
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Offsets:
      Against gross budget authority and outlays:

        Offsetting collections (cash) 
            from:
88.00     Federal sources...............        -917      -1,373      -1,225
88.40     Non-Federal sources...........                    -125        -125
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
88.90       Total, offsetting 
              collections (cash)........        -917      -1,498      -1,350
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority..................       2,759       2,711       2,999
90.00 Outlays...........................       3,115       2,825       2,848
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The purpose of energy supply research and development activities is 
to develop new energy technologies and improve existing energy 
technologies. Included in this mission are basic and applied research 
and targeted programs in technology development and market deployment.

    This account provides funds for operating expenses, and capital 
equipment for the advancement of the various energy technologies under 
examination in the energy supply, research and development mission.

    Solar and renewable energy technology.--A strong, balanced program 
is proposed for FY 1998 that will contribute toward strengthening the 
Nation's energy security, enhancing global sales of U.S. energy 
products, and increasing industrial competitiveness and federal 
technology transfer. Program activities range from basic cost-shared 
research in universities and national laboratories to applied research, 
development, and demonstration in full partnership with private sector 
manufacturers.

    The FY 1998 program continues to work in partnership with industry 
to develop and promote the use of solar energy. Specific goals or 
activities of solar energy programs include: (1) in photovoltaics: an 
industry-driven effort in research, production, engineering, and market 
development; (2) in solar buildings: a focus on cooperative industry and 
utility efforts to effectively use advanced solar technology for water 
heating; (3) in solar thermal: working with industry to develop reliable 
and efficient power tower and dish/engine systems, while reducing the 
costs of these emerging technologies and existing parabolic trough 
systems; (4) in wind energy: developing and testing utility-grade wind 
turbines in collaboration with utilities and industry; and (5) in 
biofuels: continued R&D to achieve further reductions in biomass power 
and biofuels production costs, and to develop high-efficiency 
thermochemical and biochemical conversion technologies. In addition to 
these specific technologies, the FY 1998 Budget Request calls for taking 
advantage of the synergies between emerging biomass power technologies 
and new biomass liquid fuel technologies. These developments raise the 
prospect of profitable ``energy crop'' farming by rural Americans early 
in the next century, accompanied by improved rural economic development, 
increased environmental protection in both urban and rural areas, and 
new global market opportunities for power technology providers.

    The Solar Energy program also includes ongoing support for: (1) the 
interagency Committee on Renewable Commerce and Trade (CORECT), and (2) 
renewable energy, outreach information, and technical assistance 
programs.

    The Geothermal Energy program supports work with industry and the 
utility sector to reduce the life-cycle cost of producing electricity 
with geothermal resources. The Hydropower program addresses the primary 
environmental mitigation issues associated with licensing and sustaining 
hydropower production. The Electric Energy Systems program includes 
studies on health effects of electric and magnetic fields, and 
development of materials and devices employing advanced high temperature 
superconducting technology. DOE leads the national effort to capture the 
energy-saving potential of high-temperature superconductivity. A key 
element of the effort is the Superconductivity Partnership Initiative, 
an industry-DOE collaborative effort intended to speed the 
commercialization of superconductivity products. Energy Storage is 
focused on battery energy storage for use by utilities. In the Hydrogen 
program, R&D efforts have accelerated the reduction of hydrogen 
production costs, increased the capabilities of hydrogen storage, and 
demonstrated the benefits of using hydrogen by integrating advanced 
technologies.

    Nuclear Fission.--The FY 1998 request includes funds to closeout the 
remaining Advanced Light Water Reactor (ALWR) activities. The nuclear 
energy program will undertake a new initiative which will emphasize 
research and development activities in areas affecting U.S. nuclear 
plant safety, reliability, and performance improvement; applying DOE-
developed technologies to reduce the storage, transportation and 
repository cost of spent nuclear fuel in the United States; and removing 
spent fuel from university reactors and assist universities in 
conducting facility cleanups.

    The Advanced Radioisotope Power Systems program will continue to 
develop and produce nuclear power systems for use in U.S. space missions 
and in support of military and civilian applications. The University 
Nuclear Science and Reactor Support program will continue to provide 
educational and research grants to maintain a stable human resource base 
in the nuclear sciences. The Isotope Support decision unit will continue 
to ensure adequate supplies of isotopes which are in the National 
interest.

    Uranium Programs.--In FY 1998, Uranium Programs is a new decision 
unit in this account. These programs were previously funded in the 
Uranium Supply and Enrichment Account. This program includes: (1) 
leading efforts to increase confidence that the low enriched uranium 
being purchased by the United States from Russia has been derived from 
high enriched uranium removed from dismantled Russian nuclear weapons; 
(2) managing the Department's continuing responsibilities related to 
gaseous diffusion plants and representing the Department's interests in 
transactions with the United States Enrichment Corporation (USEC); (3) 
developing effective and efficient means of using and/or disposing of 
depleted uranium; and (4) selling excess DOE-owned uranium.

    Environment, safety and health.--The Office of Environment, Safety 
and Health is a corporate resource that fosters Departmental excellence 
through innovative leadership in the protection of workers, the public, 
and the environment. This commitment to excellence will be demonstrated 
by striving for continuous improvement in developing meaningful programs 
and policies; conducting independent oversight of environment, safety, 
health and security performance; and providing technical assistance, 
resources and information sharing.

    The 1998 budget request for the Office of Environment, Safety and 
Health reflects these priorities. It is important

[[Page 462]]

to note that the budget request for the Office of Environment, Safety 
and Health programs is contained in two accounts: this and Other Defense 
Activities. The funding in this account supports Technical Assistance, 
National Environmental Policy Act program, Health Studies, Management 
and Administration, and Program Direction.

    Scientific and Engineering Training and Development.--This program 
provides for training, and professional development of technically 
trained professionals to staff and manage the Department's technically 
complex programs and facilities. This will ensure that programs are in 
place to systematically analyze scientific and engineering job 
requirements, assess and identify the necessary technical qualifications 
and skills of each position and target training as appropriate, and 
provide a trained cadre from which the Secretary can fill the 
Department's senior technical managerial positions with qualified 
executives.

    Biological and environmental research.--This program develops the 
knowledge base necessary to identify, understand, and anticipate the 
long-term health and environmental consequences of energy use and 
development and utilizes the Department's unique scientific and 
technological capabilities to solve major scientific problems in the 
environment, medicine, and biology. Planned 1998 activities include 
programs in global climate change; terrestrial, atmospheric and marine 
environmental processes; molecular, cellular and systemic studies on the 
biological effects of radiation, including radon emissions; structural 
biology; and medical applications of nuclear technology and the Human 
Genome Program. Funding for the Human Genome Program is provided to 
allow for high throughput human DNA sequencing. Funding is provided to 
begin operation of the environmental and molecular sciences laboratory, 
and the human genome laboratory.

    Spill test facility.--Fulfilling the direction of Energy and Water 
Acts, the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act, and the Clean 
Air Act Amendments, the overall goal is to conduct user-sponsored spill 
tests and mitigation responder training in support of plant and 
community safety and worker and community health associated with the 
handling, shipping and storage of hydrocarbons and related chemical 
industries' materials with focused attention on liquefied gaseous fuels 
and other hazardous fluids. Within this goal, other Federal agencies 
such as the Environmental Protection Agency conduct user-sponsored tests 
concerning airborne toxic substances to refine hazard concerns in 
programs designed in collaboration with the Department.

    Fusion Energy Sciences Program.--At the direction of the Congress, 
and with guidance from the National Academy of Sciences and the 
Department of Energy's Fusion Energy Advisory Committee, the Fusion 
Energy Sciences Program was significantly restructured in FY 1997. The 
newly restructured program will emphasize underlying basic research in 
plasma and fusion sciences, with the long-term goal of harnessing fusion 
as a viable energy source. The program centers on the following goals: 
(1) Advancement of plasma science in pursuit of national science and 
technology goals; (2) Development of fusion science, technology and 
plasma confinement innovations as the central theme of the domestic 
program; and (3) Participation in international fusion energy science 
and technology activities.

    The budget request of $225 million provides for support of basic 
research in plasma science, plasma containment research, and 
investigation of tokamak alternatives, along with continued operation of 
DIII-D and Alcator C-Mod. The Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor (TFTR) will be 
shut down in FY 1997 with remaining staff collaborating on other 
machines both domestically and internationally. Fabrication of the NSTX 
experiment at PPPL will continue. The FY 1998 budget provides for 
completion of the U.S. participation in the International Thermonuclear 
Experimental Reactor (ITER) Engineering and Design Activity. ITER 
addresses the broad physics and engineering challenges that are generic 
to any next step toward the goal of fusion energy, and is also 
consistent with the fusion energy science mission. Moreover, ITER helps 
leverage the U.S. program with the European, Japanese and Russian fusion 
programs.

    Supporting research and technical analysis.--The role of these 
programs is to expand the scientific and engineering base for future 
energy technology development and to provide independent, objective 
evaluations of energy research activities.
        Basic Energy Sciences.--The Basic Energy Sciences (BES) program 
    funds basic research in the physical, biological, and engineering 
    sciences that support the Department's nuclear and non-nuclear 
    technology programs. The BES program is responsible for operating 
    large national user research facilities, including synchrotron light 
    and neutron sources, and a combustion research facility, as well as 
    smaller user facilities such as materials preparation and electron 
    microscopy centers.
        The BES program also supports a substantial basic research 
    budget for materials sciences, chemical sciences, energy 
    biosciences, engineering and the geosciences. The program supports a 
    number of research areas that are unique within the Federal 
    government; in many basic research areas, such as materials science, 
    funding provided by the BES program represents a large percentage, 
    or even the sole source of Federal funding.
        The 1998 BES budget request includes continued support to 
    maintain utilization of the Department's large state-of-the-art 
    science facilities. The proposed funding will maintain the quality 
    of service and availability of facility resources to users, 
    including university and government scientists, as well as private 
    companies who rely on unique BES facilities for their basic research 
    needs. Research areas that will benefit from the facilities funding 
    include structural biology, materials science, superconductor 
    technology, and medical research and technology development.
        In addition, the BES request includes $23 million in FY 1998 to 
    support research and development and Pre-Title I activities at Oak 
    Ridge National Laboratory for the National Spallation Neutron Source 
    to meet the Nation's neutron scattering needs. The request also 
    includes funding for an instrumentation enhancement of the 
    Department's neutron source at LANSCE.
        Without a major new neutron source or upgraded operation of an 
    existing research reactor, the United States will forego significant 
    scientific, technical, and economic benefits that derive from 
    neutron scattering and materials irradiation research and the 
    production of medical isotopes. World-class neutron sources should 
    enable the Nation to carry out major research activities in areas 
    such as biology, materials science, superconductivity, 
    pharmaceuticals, electronic materials, and many other technological 
    areas that are critical for future U.S. economic competitiveness and 
    national security.
        University and Science Education.--This program was terminated 
    in FY 1997 at the direction of the Congress.
        Energy research analyses.--This activity involves the 
    independent assessment of existing or proposed technological 
    initiatives, including examination of the base of research that 
    underlies energy supply and utilization technologies.
        Multiprogram energy laboratories facilities support.--The goal 
    of the multiprogram energy laboratories facilities support program 
    is to provide funds for rehabilitating, replac-

[[Page 463]]

    ing or demolishing deficient common-use utilities, roads, and 
    buildings and to correct ES&H deficiencies at the multiprogram 
    laboratories. Funding for this program is requested in the Energy 
    Assets Acquisition account.
        Computational and Technology Research (CTR).--This program 
    includes research in Mathematical, Information, and Computational 
    Sciences and Advanced Energy Projects that were formerly budgeted as 
    the Applied Mathematical Sciences and Advanced Energy Projects 
    subprograms respectively in the Basic Energy Sciences Program. The 
    program also includes Laboratory technology research activities 
    formerly budgeted as the Technology Transfer program. The purpose of 
    the CTR program is to provide an integrated program in long term 
    computational and technology research to address complex problems. 
    The program also supports the operation of large supercomputer user 
    facilities. The FY 1998 budget request includes $35 million for the 
    ``Next Generation Internet'' Initiative.

    Technical information management program.--This program contributes 
to DOE's missions in advancing energy and nuclear defense technologies 
and protecting U.S. economic and military security through the effective 
management and control of the Department's scientific and technical 
knowledge which is contained in its information resources. Major 
objectives which are structured to meet the overall purpose are the 
effective management, control, and use of the results of DOE's 
multibillion dollar research program, and the acquisition and management 
of results of worldwide investment in energy R&D.

    Environmental management.--The Environmental Management Program 
encompasses the following non-defense activities:
        Environmental Restoration.--Provides for assessments, 
    characterization, remediation, and decontamination and 
    decommissioning at contaminated DOE and legislatively-authorized 
    non-government facilities. Various amounts and types of waste have 
    accumulated at these facilities and sites as a result of past 
    department activities spanning nearly five decades. EM is proposing 
    to accelerate the cleanup at the Formerly Used Sites Remedial Action 
    Program (FUSRAP) sites. An additional $99 million is requested and 
    will permit the significant completion of the existing FUSRAP sites 
    by FY 2002, four years ahead of the current schedule.
        Waste Management.--Provides for the safe, effective, and 
    efficient management of wastes generated by Energy Supply Research 
    and Development funded activities, through treatment, storage and 
    disposal of various waste types including high-level, transuranic, 
    low-level, mixed low-level, hazardous, or sanitary wastes in 
    compliance with applicable local, State and Federal requirements and 
    internal Department of Energy requirements.
        Nuclear Material and Facility Stabilization.--Manage a national 
    program to stabilize and safeguard excess nuclear materials, 
    currently stored in various forms and locations, to reduce the 
    potential risks posed to workers and the public. Provide the means 
    to achieve cost savings and efficiencies through deactivation of 
    surplus facilities which results in lower costs of maintaining 
    facilities awaiting decontamination and decommissioning. Provide 
    interim storage and stewardship of nuclear materials, including 
    spent nuclear fuel, awaiting ultimate disposition. Manage the 
    national Transportation Management program and the national 
    Pollution Prevention program and provide leadership for crosscutting 
    issues raised by the field and/or Headquarters, as well as serving 
    as an advocate for the field at Headquarters.
        Fixed Assets.--Funding of construction projects is included in 
    the Energy Assets Acquisition account.
        Policy and management.--Provides executive direction, management 
    assistance, and administrative support to all programs within energy 
    supply activities.

    Multiprogram Operations.--This account funds the Department's 
multiprogram Field Operations Offices. The four affected field 
operations offices are located at Chicago, Idaho, Oak Ridge, and 
Oakland. They perform functions in support of energy activities 
throughout the country. Among these functions are field procurement, 
engineering and construction management, environmental safety and health 
monitoring, property management, labor relations, legal counsel, and 
maintenance of personnel and financial systems. These federal employees 
conduct the management oversight of approximately 56,800 management and 
operating contractor employees spread across the four field 
installations. 

               Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-0224-0-1-271      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

      Direct obligations:

        Personnel compensation:
11.1      Full-time permanent...........          71          69          75
11.3      Other than full-time permanent           2           2           2
11.5      Other personnel compensation..           3           3           3
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
11.9        Total personnel compensation          76          74          80
12.1    Civilian personnel benefits.....          14          14          15
13.0    Benefits for former personnel...           1           1           1
21.0    Travel and transportation of 
          persons.......................           4           4           4
23.1    Rental payments to GSA..........           1           1           1
23.2    Rental payments to others.......           1           1           1
23.3    Communications, utilities, and 
          miscellaneous charges.........         372         361         395
24.0    Printing and reproduction.......           1           1           1
25.1    Advisory and assistance services          62          60          65
25.2    Other services..................         422         408         447
25.3    Purchases of goods and services 
          from Government accounts......          80          78          85
25.4    Operation and maintenance of 
          facilities....................         346         388         452
25.5    Research and development 
          contracts.....................         747         673         728
26.0    Supplies and materials..........           3           3           3
31.0    Equipment.......................         109         106         116
32.0    Land and structures.............         130         126         138
41.0    Grants, subsidies, and 
          contributions.................         454         441         482
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
99.0      Subtotal, direct obligations..       2,823       2,740       3,014
99.0  Reimbursable obligations..........         917       1,498       1,350
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
99.9    Total obligations...............       3,740       4,238       4,364
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                              Personnel Summary

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-0224-0-1-271      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total compensable workyears:
1001  Full-time equivalent employment...       1,118       2,022       1,933
1005  Full-time equivalent of overtime 
        and holiday hours...............           5           5           5
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                <F-dash>

                        Energy Assets Acquisition

    For expenses of Department of Energy energy supply research and 
development activities, including the purchase, construction, expansion, 
and acquisition of plant, real property, and other physical assets to 
carry out the Department of Energy Organization Act (42 U.S.C. 7101, et 
seq.), including condemnation of any real property or facility, 
$88,914,000, to remain available until expended: Provided, That 
notwithstanding section 302 of Public Law 102-377, amounts appropriated 
under this head shall not be available for transfer to any other 
appropriation head without further appropriations action by Congress. 

               Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-0246-0-1-271      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Solar and renewable technologies..                                   2
00.02 Nuclear energy....................                                  11
00.04 Uranium enrichment activities.....                                  23
00.05 Energy research...................                                  51

[[Page 464]]

00.06 Environmental management..........                                   2
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
10.00   Total obligations (object class 
          32.0).........................                                  89
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Budgetary resources available for obligation:
22.00 New budget authority (gross)......                                  89
23.95 New obligations...................                                 -89
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    New budget authority (gross), detail:
40.00 Appropriation.....................                                  89
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Change in unpaid obligations:
73.10 New obligations...................                                  89
73.20 Total outlays (gross).............                                 -31
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: 
        Obligated balance: Appropriation                                  58
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new current authority                                  31
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority..................                                  89
90.00 Outlays...........................                                  31
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    This account provides full budget authority to complete useful 
segments of all new and on-going construction projects supporting the 
Department of Energy's energy supply research and development 
activities, as opposed to the traditional practice of requesting 
incremental budget authority annually throughout the life of the 
project.

    Solar and Renewable Energy Program.--The $2.2 million of asset 
funding will support phase 3 of the Field Test Laboratory Building 
Renovation and Expansion project. Phase 3 is the design and construction 
of a 278 square meter building addition for high-bay research 
laboratories to support research activities related to converting 
renewable energy resources to higher-value fuels and chemicals.

    Nuclear Energy and Uranium Programs.--Asset funding will support 
fire and safety upgrades of the Test Reactor Area (TRA) complex at the 
Idaho National Energy Laboratory and the construction of cylinder 
storage yards to provide safe storage of depleted uranium hexafluoride 
at the Paducah and Oak Ridge gaseous diffusion plants. Budget authority 
of $10,850,000 will fully fund remaining TRA landlord project 
requirements; budget authority of $22.3 million will fully fund 
requirements for the two cylinder yard projects.

    Energy Research.--Asset funding is requested for two Energy Research 
programs. The Multiprogram Energy Laboratory Facilities Support program 
funds the refurbishment or replacement of inadequate general purpose 
facilities and infrastructure that support research needs. Budget 
authority of $40.3 million is requested to fully fund the completion of 
five on-going projects and one new project at Argonne National 
Laboratory, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Lawrence Berkeley National 
Laboratory, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, and Pacific Northwest 
National Laboratory. An additional $11.0 million in budget authority is 
requested to fully fund the completion of the Combustion Research 
Facility in the Basic Energy Sciences program.

    Environmental Management.--Provides funding for refurbishing or 
replacing inadequate facilities and infrastructure to meet environmental 
requirements at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and the Idaho 
National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). Specifically, funding will 
support needed upgrades and construction of waste handling facilities at 
ORNL and storage capacity for spent nuclear fuel at INEL.

                                <F-dash>

               [Uranium Supply and Enrichment Activities]

    [For expenses of the Department of Energy in connection with 
operating expenses; the purchase, construction, and acquisition of plant 
and capital equipment and other expenses necessary for uranium supply 
and enrichment activities in carrying out the purposes of the Department 
of Energy Organization Act (42 U.S.C. 7101, et seq.) and the Energy 
Policy Act (Public Law 102-486, section 901), including the acquisition 
or condemnation of any real property or any facility or for plant or 
facility acquisition, construction, or expansion; purchase of 
electricity as necessary; and the purchase of passenger motor vehicles 
(not to exceed 3 for replacement only); $43,200,000, to remain available 
until expended: Provided That revenues received by the Department for 
uranium programs and estimated to total $42,200,000 in fiscal year 1997 
shall be retained and used for the specific purpose of offsetting costs 
incurred by the Department for such activities notwithstanding the 
provisions of 31 U.S.C. 3302(b) and 42 U.S.C. 2296(b)(2): Provided 
further, That the sum herein appropriated shall be reduced as revenues 
are received during fiscal year 1997 so as to result in a final fiscal 
year 1997 appropriation from the General Fund estimated at not more than 
$1,000,000.] (Energy and Water Development Appropriations Act, 1997.)

               Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-0226-0-1-271      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Operating expenses................          88          62
01.01 Capital investment................           1
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
10.00   Total obligations...............          89          62
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance available, 
        start of year: Uninvested 
        balance.........................          84          19
22.00 New budget authority (gross)......          64          43
22.21 Unobligated balance transferred to 
        other accounts..................         -40
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
23.90   Total budgetary resources 
          available for obligation......         108          62
23.95 New obligations...................         -89         -62
24.40 Unobligated balance available, end 
        of year: Uninvested balance.....          19
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    New budget authority (gross), detail:
      Current:

40.00   Appropriation...................          64           1
      Permanent:

68.00   Spending authority from 
          offsetting collections: 
          Offsetting collections (cash).                      42
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
70.00   Total new budget authority 
          (gross).......................          64          43
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Change in unpaid obligations:
72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: 
        Obligated balance: Appropriation         114          81          18
73.10 New obligations...................          89          62
73.20 Total outlays (gross).............        -122        -125         -18
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: 
        Obligated balance: Appropriation          81          18
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new current authority          45           1
86.93 Outlays from current balances.....          77          82          18
86.97 Outlays from new permanent 
        authority.......................                      42
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
87.00   Total outlays (gross)...........         122         125          18
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Offsets:
      Against gross budget authority and outlays:

88.00   Offsetting collections (cash) 
          from: Federal sources.........                     -42
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority..................          64           1
90.00 Outlays...........................         122          83          18
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Uranium Programs.--Beginning in fiscal year 1998, these programs 
will be funded in the Energy Supply, Research and Development Activities 
account.

[[Page 465]]

               Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-0226-0-1-271      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
11.1  Personnel compensation: Full-time 
        permanent.......................           2           3
12.1  Civilian personnel benefits.......           1           1
23.3  Communications, utilities, and 
        miscellaneous charges...........           4           3
25.1  Advisory and assistance services..           1           1
25.2  Other services....................           1           1
25.4  Operation and maintenance of 
        facilities......................          79          49
31.0  Equipment.........................           1
32.0  Land and structures...............                       4
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
99.9    Total obligations...............          89          62
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                              Personnel Summary

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-0226-0-1-271      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
1001  Total compensable workyears: Full-
        time equivalent employment......          52          46
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                <F-dash>

                 Fossil Energy Research and Development

    For necessary expenses in carrying out fossil energy research and 
development activities, under the authority of the Department of Energy 
Organization Act (Public Law 95-91), including the acquisition of 
interest, including defeasible and equitable interests in any real 
property or any facility or for plant or facility acquisition or 
expansion, and for conducting inquiries, technological investigations 
and research concerning the extraction, processing, use, and disposal of 
mineral substances without objectionable social and environmental costs 
(30 U.S.C. 3, 1602, and 1603), performed under the minerals and 
materials science programs at the Albany Research Center in Oregon, 
[$364,704,000] $346,408,000, to remain available until expended: 
Provided, That no part of the sum herein made available shall be used 
for the field testing of nuclear explosives in the recovery of oil and 
gas. (Department of the Interior and Related Agencies Appropriations 
Act, 1997.)

               Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-0213-0-1-271      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Coal research and development.....         124         112         100
00.02 Oil, gas, and shale research and 
        development.....................         161         171         155
00.03 Program direction and management 
        support.........................          66          65          62
00.05 Environmental restoration.........          14          15          13
00.06 Cooperative R&D ventures..........           6           4           6
00.07 Fuels conversion (natural gas and 
        electricity)....................           2           2           2
00.08 Plant and capital equipment.......           2           3           3
00.09 Mining research and development...          37          17           5
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
10.00   Total obligations...............         412         389         346
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance available, 
        start of year: Uninvested 
        balance.........................          10          24
22.00 New budget authority (gross)......         415         365         346
22.10 Resources available from 
        recoveries of prior year 
        obligations.....................           6
22.22 Unobligated balance transferred 
        from other accounts.............           5
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
23.90   Total budgetary resources 
          available for obligation......         436         389         346
23.95 New obligations...................        -412        -389        -346
24.40 Unobligated balance available, end 
        of year: Uninvested balance.....          24
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    New budget authority (gross), detail:
40.00 Appropriation.....................         416         365         346
41.00 Transferred to other accounts.....          -5
42.00 Transferred from other accounts...           4
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
43.00   Appropriation (total)...........         415         365         346
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
70.00   Total new budget authority 
          (gross).......................         415         365         346
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Change in unpaid obligations:
72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: 
        Obligated balance: Appropriation         415         353         348
73.10 New obligations...................         412         389         346
73.20 Total outlays (gross).............        -471        -394        -367
73.32 Obligated balance transferred from 
        other accounts..................           3
73.45 Adjustments in unexpired accounts.          -6
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: 
        Obligated balance: Appropriation         353         348         327
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new current authority         189         146         138
86.93 Outlays from current balances.....         282         248         229
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
87.00   Total outlays (gross)...........         471         394         367
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority..................         415         365         346
90.00 Outlays...........................         471         394         367
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Fossil Energy R&D programs support the Energy Policy Act through 
research and development that will strengthen the technology base on 
which industry can draw in developing future new products and processes 
for the commercial market. The programs support activities ranging from 
basic research in universities and national laboratories to applied R&D 
and proof-of-concept projects in private sector firms.

    The Fossil Energy R&D programs proposed in the 1998 budget will 
continue limited Federal support of company-specific technology 
development and demonstration activities. The program continues to fund 
high-priority, high risk and cross-cutting research that will improve 
the Nation's ability to cleanly and efficiently use coal, and to enhance 
the economic recovery of our oil and gas reserves.

    Coal R&D.--For 1998, programs will continue to focus on meeting the 
new goals and objectives and changing mission the Department of Energy. 
An integrated research and development program consisting of: (1) 
Advanced Clean/Efficient Power Systems, (2) Advanced Fuels Research, and 
(3) Advanced Research and Technology Development continues to address 
technology development.

    Advanced Power Systems research and development concentrates on a 
set of building-block technologies that will yield the clean coal power 
generation systems of the future. Typically, many technologies 
contribute toward advancing any single system. By focusing on building-
block technologies that will improve a variety of systems, the 
Department's program makes optimal use of funds for research, 
development and demonstration. The categories of these systems that hold 
great promise for commercial use include: Advanced Pulverized Coal-fired 
Powerplants, High Efficiency Pressurized Fluidized Bed Combustion, High 
Efficiency Integrated Gasification Combined Cycles, Indirectly Fired 
Cycles, and Advanced Research and Environmental Technology.

    The Advanced Clean Fuels Research program will conduct activities to 
develop clean methods to produce coal-derived liquid fuels. This 
research consists of Coal Preparation, Direct Liquefaction, Indirect 
Liquefaction, and Advanced Research & Environmental Technology.

    Oil and gas.--The oil program encompasses new and improved oil 
recovery and related research and development, industry cost-shared 
demonstration of improved and advanced oil recovery methods, 
environmental research activities directed to facilitate environmentally 
acceptable exploration and production of domestic oil resources, and 
research directed to improve technology needed to economically upgrade 
domestic-use crude oils in an environmentally sound manner.

    Consistent with Energy Policy Act objectives, the natural gas 
program emphasizes enhanced gas production, storage technology, and high 
efficiency, low NO<INF>x turbines.

    As in all other programs, industry and Gas Research Institute cost-
sharing is a key feature. Advanced computational work and the national 
laboratory partnership focus on the transfer of Defense-developed 
technology to the oil and gas industry. The fuel cells program will 
continue under this heading since gas-fueled fuel cells will most 
probably be the first to be developed.

[[Page 466]]

    Consistent with Congressional direction, the FY 1998 request also 
includes funding for the mining research partnership program at the 
Albany Research Center in Oregon, which was formerly funded by the 
Bureau of Mines.

    Program direction and management support.--This program provides the 
funding for all Headquarters and indirect field personnel and overhead 
expenses in Fossil Energy. In addition, it provides support for day-to-
day project management functions.

    Environmental restoration.--The Department of Energy is assisting in 
payments for the environmental clean-up of former Fossil Energy projects 
as required by the Environmental Protection Agency. Comprehensive 
Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA) sites 
include the Western Superfund Site at Ft. Lewis, Washington, and the 
Rock Springs and Hoe Creek Sites in Wyoming. Resource Conservation 
Recovery Act (RCRA) efforts are underway at the Federal Energy 
Technology Center Morgantown Office (formerly the Morgantown Energy 
Technology Center) to eliminate cross-connections between sewer and 
storm water lines, and at the Federal Energy Technology Center 
Pittsburgh Office (formerly the Pittsburgh Energy Technology Center) to 
clean up contaminated soil and monitor groundwater. In addition, as a 
result of internal DOE evaluations other efforts are underway at both 
sites of the Federal Energy Technology Center to correct a number of 
other environmental problems.

    Fuels conversion.--This program will continue regulatory reviews and 
oversight of the transmission of natural gas and electricity across the 
U.S. borders and to process certifications of alternate fuel capability. 


               Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-0213-0-1-271      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

      Personnel compensation:

11.1    Full-time permanent.............          57          54          53
11.3    Other than full-time permanent..           1           1           1
11.5    Other personnel compensation....           1           1           1
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
11.9      Total personnel compensation..          59          56          55
12.1  Civilian personnel benefits.......          11          11          10
13.0  Benefits for former personnel.....           1           1           1
21.0  Travel and transportation of 
        persons.........................           3           3           2
23.3  Communications, utilities, and 
        miscellaneous charges...........           4           4           4
25.1  Advisory and assistance services..          27          25          22
25.2  Other services....................          43          41          40
25.3  Purchases of goods and services 
        from Government accounts........           7           5           5
25.4  Operation and maintenance of 
        facilities......................          60          61          61
25.5  Research and development contracts         171         165         130
26.0  Supplies and materials............           8           7           6
31.0  Equipment.........................           3           1           1
32.0  Land and structures...............           2           2           2
41.0  Grants, subsidies, and 
        contributions...................           9           7           7
99.5  Below reporting threshold.........           4
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
99.9    Total obligations...............         412         389         346
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                              Personnel Summary

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-0213-0-1-271      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total compensable workyears:
1001  Full-time equivalent employment...       1,163         691         683
1005  Full-time equivalent of overtime 
        and holiday hours...............           3           3           3
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                <F-dash>

                 Naval Petroleum and Oil Shale Reserves

    For necessary expenses in carrying out naval petroleum and oil shale 
reserve activities, [$143,786,000] $117,000,000, to remain available 
until expended: Provided, That the requirements of 10 U.S.C. 
7430(b)(2)(B) shall not apply to fiscal year [1997] 1998. (Department of 
the Interior and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1997.)

               Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-0219-0-1-271      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Obligations by program activity:
10.00 Total obligations.................         152         208         208
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance available, 
        start of year: Uninvested 
        balance.........................         439         437         373
22.00 New budget authority (gross)......         148         144         117
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
23.90   Total budgetary resources 
          available for obligation......         587         581         490
23.95 New obligations...................        -152        -208        -208
24.40 Unobligated balance available, end 
        of year: Uninvested balance.....         437         373         282
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    New budget authority (gross), detail:
40.00 Appropriation.....................         148         144         117
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Change in unpaid obligations:
72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: 
        Obligated balance: Appropriation         179         161         215
73.10 New obligations...................         152         208         208
73.20 Total outlays (gross).............        -170        -154        -134
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: 
        Obligated balance: Appropriation         161         215         289
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new current authority          59          58          47
86.93 Outlays from current balances.....         111          96          87
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
87.00   Total outlays (gross)...........         170         154         134
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority..................         148         144         117
90.00 Outlays...........................         170         154         134
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    In the past, this program has included those activities necessary to 
operate, explore, conserve, develop, and produce the naval petroleum 
reserves at the maximum efficient rate and to conserve and protect the 
oil shale reserves. This has included routine operation and maintenance, 
development and exploration drilling, environmental and conservation 
work, and construction and installation of on-reserve facilities and 
related systems required for the collection, storage, and distribution 
of produced petroleum and related products.

    In order to maximize the return on the taxpayer's investment and the 
return to the Treasury and as part of the Administration's proposal to 
reinvent the Department of Energy, Public Law 104-106 authorizes the 
Department to sell the Government's interest in Elk Hills, the major oil 
and natural gas field located near Bakersfield, California that accounts 
for the bulk of this program. Under procedures established in Public Law 
104-106, a minimum acceptable price shall be established for Elk Hills 
and the sale shall be conducted on a competitive basis to be completed 
not later than February 10, 1998. The Department shall also conduct a 
study of the remaining petroleum and oil shale reserves to determine 
which of the following options would maximize the value of these 
reserves to the Government. These options include (1) retention and 
operation, (2) transfer to another Federal agency, (3) lease, or (4) 
sale. This law also authorizes the Department to produce Elk Hills at 
the maximum economic rate. Payments to the State of California for the 
California State Teachers' Retirement System are included in the 
President's Budget beginning in FY 1999, in settlement of a long-
standing claim by the state regarding certain Elk Hills lands.

    Elk Hills was originally set aside to provide oil for the Navy as it 
converted from coal to oil near the start of this century. Oil and gas 
from the field has been produced there with contractor assistance and 
sold commercially since 1976. Producing and selling this oil and natural 
gas is a commer-

[[Page 467]]

cial, not a governmental activity, which is more appropriately performed 
by the private sector. Restructuring at Elk Hills is consistent with the 
Administration's commitment to reinvent the government, subjecting 
public organizations to market dynamics where this can be done in a way 
to obtain the best value for the taxpayer's dollar. The asset sale 
proceeds estimate included in the Budget is consistent with the FY 1997 
Budget estimate and is not based on any newly developed geologic data or 
evaluations being carried out by independent experts. When this updated 
information becomes available, the estimate is likely to change. 

               Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-0219-0-1-271      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
11.1  Personnel compensation: Full-time 
        permanent.......................           5           5           3
      Civilian personnel benefits:

12.1    Civilian personnel benefits.....                                   2
12.1    Civilian personnel benefits.....           1           1           1
25.1  Advisory and assistance services..           7          15           3
25.2  Other services....................         127         175         187
25.4  Operation and maintenance of 
        facilities......................          11          11          11
99.5  Below reporting threshold.........           1           1           1
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
99.9    Total obligations...............         152         208         208
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                              Personnel Summary

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-0219-0-1-271      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
1001  Total compensable workyears: Full-
        time equivalent employment......          78          72          40
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                <F-dash>

                           Energy Conservation

    For necessary expenses in carrying out energy conservation 
activities, [$569,762,000] $707,700,000, to remain available until 
expended, including, notwithstanding any other provision of law, the 
excess amount for fiscal year [1997] 1998 determined under the 
provisions of section 3003(d) of Public Law 99-509 (15 U.S.C. 4502): 
Provided, That [$149,845,000] $191,100,000 shall be for use in energy 
conservation programs as defined in section 3008(3) of Public Law 99-509 
(15 U.S.C. 4507) and shall not be available until excess amounts are 
determined under the provisions of section 3003(d) of Public Law 99-509 
(15 U.S.C. 4502): Provided further, That notwithstanding section 
3003(d)(2) of Public Law 99-509 such sums shall be allocated to the 
eligible programs as follows: [$120,845,000] $154,100,000 for 
weatherization assistance grants and [$29,000,000] $37,000,000 for State 
energy conservation grants. (Department of the Interior and Related 
Agencies Appropriations Act, 1997.)

               Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-0215-0-1-272      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Buildings sector..................          88
00.02 Building technology, State and 
        community programs--non-grant...                      90         112
00.03 Building technology, State and 
        community programs -grants......                     150         191
00.04 Federal energy management program.                      20          31
00.05 Industrial sector.................         108         119         140
00.06 Transportation sector.............         178         176         203
00.07 Technical and financial assistance         173
00.09 Policy and management.............           8          33          31
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
10.00   Total obligations...............         555         588         708
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance available, 
        start of year: Uninvested 
        balance.........................          19          18
22.00 New budget authority (gross)......         553         570         708
22.10 Resources available from 
        recoveries of prior year 
        obligations.....................           1
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
23.90   Total budgetary resources 
          available for obligation......         573         588         708
23.95 New obligations...................        -555        -588        -708
24.40 Unobligated balance available, end 
        of year: Uninvested balance.....          18
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    New budget authority (gross), detail:
      Current:

40.00   Appropriation...................         517         550         688
41.00   Transferred to other accounts...          -4
42.00   Transferred from other accounts.          20
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
43.00     Appropriation (total).........         533         550         688
      Permanent:

68.00   Spending authority from 
          offsetting collections: 
          Offsetting collections (cash).          20          20          20
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
70.00   Total new budget authority 
          (gross).......................         553         570         708
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Change in unpaid obligations:
72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: 
        Obligated balance: Appropriation         684         594         597
73.10 New obligations...................         555         588         708
73.20 Total outlays (gross).............        -644        -585        -609
73.45 Adjustments in unexpired accounts.          -1
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: 
        Obligated balance: Appropriation         594         597         696
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new current authority         166         165         206
86.93 Outlays from current balances.....         458         400         383
86.97 Outlays from new permanent 
        authority.......................           6           6           6
86.98 Outlays from permanent balances...          14          14          14
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
87.00   Total outlays (gross)...........         644         585         609
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Offsets:
      Against gross budget authority and outlays:

88.40   Offsetting collections (cash) 
          from: Non-Federal sources.....         -20         -20         -20
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority..................         533         550         688
90.00 Outlays...........................         624         565         589
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Administration's energy efficiency programs produce substantial 
benefits for the Nation--both now and in the future--in terms of 
economic growth, increased national security and a cleaner environment 
through the research and development of energy efficiency and pollution 
prevention technologies. These programs carry out the Department's 
responsibility under the bipartisan Energy Policy Act of 1992 and other 
major pieces of authorizing legislation.

    The dollar benefits of our carefully constructed programs--to 
industries, homeowners, and commercial firms--far exceed program costs. 
Furthermore, the technologies developed in these programs create jobs 
and global market opportunities for U.S. firms. When the benefits to 
national security and the environment are included, it is clear that 
these programs represent investments in a clean, productive future.

    In total, the Department's energy efficiency programs are projected 
to save consumers and businesses over $10 billion per year by the year 
2005. Energy efficiency programs for industry are projected to save U.S. 
firms over $3 billion annually by the year 2000. Our transportation 
technologies research is designed to reduce oil imports thereby 
substantially reducing the cost of imported oil.

    The activities and programs contained in the 1998 Budget Request 
represent a balanced portfolio of research and development, applied 
research and demonstration, and market introduction. Virtually all of 
the research and development programs are conducted jointly with 
industrial partners who share significantly in research costs, often 
paying 33-50 percent or more. Similarly, demonstration and deployment 
programs are specifically designed to leverage the existing programs and 
the efforts of utilities and existing state and local government 
programs in energy efficiency and pollution prevention.

    Building, State and Community Sector.--In fiscal year 1998, research 
and development to improve the energy efficiency of appliances, building 
equipment, and the building envelope is complemented by new incentive 
programs designed to move advanced technologies into the marketplace

[[Page 468]]

and produce near-term energy savings with associated economic and 
environmental benefits. Voluntary partnerships for lowering the barriers 
to cost-effective, new technologies based on the Energy Policy Act of 
1992 represent collaborations with many stakeholders, including 
manufacturers, utilities, State and local organizations, and the general 
public. The program to develop appliance and lighting test procedures 
and standards is utilizing new collaborative processes and analytical 
approaches in order to ensure participation by all interested 
stakeholders. The program to encourage building efficiency codes and 
standards will focus on expanded voluntary programs. The State and Local 
Partnership Program, which includes the Weatherization Assistance 
Program and the State Energy Program (a consolidated program including 
the former State Energy Conservation Program and the Institutional 
Conservation Program) is designed to promote the adoption of energy 
efficient and renewable technologies among States, municipalities, 
institutions, and by private citizens.

    Federal Energy Management Program.--The Federal Energy Management 
Program (FEMP) will continue to reduce the cost of government by 
advancing energy efficiency and water conservation, and to use solar and 
other renewable energy as a means to reduce energy costs. FEMP's major 
fiscal year 1998 emphasis will be on using private sector investments to 
retrofit federal facilities using energy savings performance 
contracting, thus stretching federal leveraging to the maximum.

    Industrial Sector.--The FY 1998 program focuses on funding cost-
shared research in critical technology areas identified by industry. 
Through its ``Industries of the Future'' initiative, the Office of 
Industrial Technologies (OIT) encourages the most energy-intensive 
industries to develop a strategic vision and a ``technology roadmap'' to 
help achieve that vision. By identifying and prioritizing their 
technology needs, the industries help OIT target its R&D resources 
toward where they can do the most good. The seven energy-intensive and 
environmentally sensitive industries targeted by OIT include chemicals, 
petroleum refining, forest products, steel, aluminum, metal casting, and 
glass. The focus is on high risk but promising technologies that 
decrease these industries' use of raw materials and depletable energy 
resources and reduce generation of wastes and pollutants. OIT's 
Industries of the Future R&D portfolio is balanced with crosscutting 
technology development programs in such areas as cogeneration, advanced 
materials and combustion. In addition, technology access programs such 
as Motor Challenge, the National Industrial Competitiveness through 
Energy, Environment and Economics (NICE3) program, Climate Wise, 
Invention and Innovation and the Industrial Assessment Centers help 
further round out OIT's overall portfolio.

    Transportation Sector.--The FY 1998 program continues development 
and commercialization of technologies which can radically alter current 
projections of U.S. and world demand for energy, particularly oil. The 
program represents a major portion of the Partnership for the Next 
Generation of Vehicles with its significant improvements in fuel economy 
and environmental emissions. Program priorities reflect work on 
technologies which are most critical to achieve a tripling of light duty 
vehicles fuel economy, including hybrid vehicles, fuel cells, and 
advanced materials technologies that improve engine efficiency and 
reduce weight. In addition, the program will continue to develop 
alternative fuels and vehicles, and advanced batteries that enable the 
use of electricity as an alternative fuel. These activities include 
demonstrating advanced alternative fuel vehicles that provide improved 
range and reduced emissions, with performance equivalent to conventional 
vehicles; accelerating the use of alternative fuels and vehicles through 
implementation of Energy Policy Act programs; and continuing support for 
the U.S. Advanced Battery Consortium and demonstrating continued 
progress in improving range and performance for electric and hybrid 
vehicles.

    Policy and Management.--This activity supports management in the 
development of policy and program evaluation for energy conservation 
programs to ensure effective program delivery. 

               Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-0215-0-1-272      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

      Personnel compensation:

11.1    Full-time permanent.............          28          30          35
11.3    Other than full-time permanent..           1           2           2
11.5    Other personnel compensation....           1           2           2
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
11.9      Total personnel compensation..          30          34          39
12.1  Civilian personnel benefits.......           6           6           8
13.0  Benefits for former personnel.....           1           2           2
21.0  Travel and transportation of 
        persons.........................           3           4           4
22.0  Transportation of things..........           1           1           1
23.1  Rental payments to GSA............           1           2           2
25.1  Advisory and assistance services..          26          28          33
25.2  Other services....................          25          27          32
25.3  Purchases of goods and services 
        from Government accounts........           1           2           2
25.4  Operation and maintenance of 
        facilities......................          35          37          44
25.5  Research and development contracts         231         248         294
26.0  Supplies and materials............           1           2           2
31.0  Equipment.........................           3           4           5
41.0  Grants, subsidies, and 
        contributions...................         191         191         240
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
99.9    Total obligations...............         555         588         708
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                              Personnel Summary

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-0215-0-1-272      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total compensable workyears:
1001  Full-time equivalent employment...         491         444         415
1005  Full-time equivalent of overtime 
        and holiday hours...............           1           1           1
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                <F-dash>

                       Strategic Petroleum Reserve

                      (including transfer of funds)

    For necessary expenses for Strategic Petroleum Reserve facility 
development and operations and program management activities pursuant to 
the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975, as amended (42 U.S.C. 
6201 et seq.), [$220,000,000,] $209,000,000, to remain available until 
expended.[, of which $220,000,000 shall be repaid from the ``SPR 
Operating Fund'' from amounts made available from the sale of oil from 
the Reserve: Provided, That notwithstanding section 161 of the Energy 
Policy and Conservation Act, the Secretary shall draw down and sell in 
fiscal year 1997 $220,000,000 worth of oil from the Strategic Petroleum 
Reserve: Provided further, That the proceeds from the sale shall be 
deposited into a special account in the Treasury, to be established and 
known as the ``SPR Operating Fund'', and shall, upon receipt, be 
transferred to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve account for operations of 
the Strategic Petroleum Reserve.] (Department of the Interior and 
Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1997.)

              Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-0218-0-1-274      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Balance, start of year:
01.99 Balance, start of year............
    Receipts:
02.01 Receipts..........................          97
02.02 Receipts..........................                     220
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
02.99   Total receipts..................          97         220
    Appropriation:
05.01 Appropriation.....................         -97        -220
07.99 Total balance, end of year........
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 469]]



               Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-0218-0-1-274      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Storage facilities operations.....         242         281         193
00.02 Management........................          15          16          16
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
10.00   Total obligations...............         257         297         209
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance available, 
        start of year: Uninvested 
        balance.........................          49          77
22.00 New budget authority (gross)......         284         220         209
22.10 Resources available from 
        recoveries of prior year 
        obligations.....................           1
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
23.90   Total budgetary resources 
          available for obligation......         334         297         209
23.95 New obligations...................        -257        -297        -209
24.40 Unobligated balance available, end 
        of year: Uninvested balance.....          77
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    New budget authority (gross), detail:
40.00 Appropriation.....................                                 209
40.25 Appropriation (special fund, 
        indefinite).....................          97         220
42.00 Transferred from other accounts...         187
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
43.00   Appropriation (total)...........         284         220         209
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
70.00   Total new budget authority 
          (gross).......................         284         220         209
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Change in unpaid obligations:
72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: 
        Obligated balance: Appropriation         129         149         200
73.10 New obligations...................         257         297         209
73.20 Total outlays (gross).............        -236        -246        -221
73.45 Adjustments in unexpired accounts.          -1
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: 
        Obligated balance: Appropriation         149         200         188
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new current authority         158         121         115
86.93 Outlays from current balances.....          78         125         106
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
87.00   Total outlays (gross)...........         236         246         221
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority..................         284         220         209
90.00 Outlays...........................         236         246         221
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The object of this program is to reduce the vulnerability of the 
United States to energy supply disruptions by maintaining a crude oil 
stockpile capable of rapid deployment at the direction of the President. 
This program enables the President to meet the Nation's membership 
commitments within the International Energy Agency's coordinated energy 
emergency response plans and programs to deter the use of energy supply 
disruptions and to take effective, co-ordinated action should such an 
energy supply disruption occur.

    The account provides for petroleum reserve storage facility 
construction, ongoing operations and maintenance activities, planning 
studies, and program administration.

    The key measure of program performance is expressed as capability to 
comply with Level 1 Performance Criteria. These criteria are specific 
engineered performance and reliability standards applied to critical 
inventory storage, drawdown, and distribution systems required for 
drawing down and distributing crude oil inventory. Output measures for 
1998 include:

    <bullet> Annual drawdown readiness exercises--5.

    <bullet> Percent of Life Extension Program under contract--89 
percent.

    <bullet> Projected Maintenance Backlog--12-16 craft weeks.

    <bullet> Oil available for drawdown--563 MMB.

    <bullet> Drawdown capability--3.7 MMB/day.

               Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-0218-0-1-274      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
11.1  Personnel compensation: Full-time 
        permanent.......................           9           9           9
12.1  Civilian personnel benefits.......           2           2           2
21.0  Travel and transportation of 
        persons.........................                       1           1
23.2  Rental payments to others.........           1           1           1
23.3  Communications, utilities, and 
        miscellaneous charges...........           6           5           5
25.1  Advisory and assistance services..           2           4           4
25.2  Other services....................          34           3           2
25.3  Purchases of goods and services 
        from Government accounts........                       1           1
25.4  Operation and maintenance of 
        facilities......................         203         271         184
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
99.9    Total obligations...............         257         297         209
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                              Personnel Summary

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-0218-0-1-274      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
1001  Total compensable workyears: Full-
        time equivalent employment......         149         143         137
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                <F-dash>

                          SPR Petroleum Account

     Notwithstanding 42 U.S.C. 6240(d) the United States share of crude 
oil in Naval Petroleum Reserve Numbered 1 (Elk Hills) may be sold or 
otherwise disposed of to other than the Strategic Petroleum Reserve[: 
Provided, That outlays in fiscal year 1997 resulting from the use of 
funds in this account shall not exceed $5,000,000]. (Department of the 
Interior and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1997.)

               Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-0233-0-1-274      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Obligations by program activity:
10.00 Total obligations.................                       5           5
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance available, 
        start of year: Uninvested 
        balance.........................         220          33          28
22.00 New budget authority (gross)......        -187
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
23.90   Total budgetary resources 
          available for obligation......          33          33          28
23.95 New obligations...................                      -5          -5
24.40 Unobligated balance available, end 
        of year: Uninvested balance.....          33          28          23
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    New budget authority (gross), detail:
41.00 Transferred to other accounts.....        -187
                                                -187
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Change in unpaid obligations:
72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: 
        Obligated balance: Appropriation           3           3           3
73.10 New obligations...................                       5           5
73.20 Total outlays (gross).............                      -5          -5
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: 
        Obligated balance: Appropriation           3           3           3
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Outlays (gross), detail:
86.93 Outlays from current balances.....                       5           5
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority..................        -187
90.00 Outlays...........................                       5           5
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    This account provides for the acquisition, transportation, and 
injection of petroleum into the Strategic Petroleum Reserve and for its 
drawdown and distribution. The budget proposes no additional 
appropriations in 1998 for SPR oil purchases. The small remaining 
balance will support drawdown/distribution readiness and the incremental 
costs of drawdown in the event of an energy emergency.

               Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-0233-0-1-274      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
25.2  Other services....................                       1           1
25.3  Purchases of goods and services 
        from Government accounts........                       4           4
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
99.9    Total obligations...............                       5           5
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                <F-dash>

[[Page 470]]

                    Energy Information Administration

    For necessary expenses in carrying out the activities of the Energy 
Information Administration, [$66,120,000] $62,800,000, to remain 
available until expended. (Department of the Interior and Related 
Agencies Appropriations Act, 1997.)

               Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-0216-0-1-276      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Obligations by program activity:
10.00 Total obligations.................          74          69          63
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance available, 
        start of year: Uninvested 
        balance.........................           4           3
22.00 New budget authority (gross)......          72          66          63
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
23.90   Total budgetary resources 
          available for obligation......          77          69          63
23.95 New obligations...................         -74         -69         -63
24.40 Unobligated balance available, end 
        of year: Uninvested balance.....           3
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    New budget authority (gross), detail:
40.00 Appropriation.....................          72          66          63
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Change in unpaid obligations:
72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: 
        Obligated balance: Appropriation          28          26          25
73.10 New obligations...................          74          69          63
73.20 Total outlays (gross).............         -76         -70         -65
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: 
        Obligated balance: Appropriation          26          25          23
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new current authority          46          43          41
86.93 Outlays from current balances.....          30          27          24
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
87.00   Total outlays (gross)...........          76          70          65
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority..................          72          66          63
90.00 Outlays...........................          77          70          65
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    This program supports energy information activities which are 
designed to provide timely, accurate and relevant energy information for 
use by the Administration, the Congress, and the general public. The 
activities funded in this program include the design, development and 
maintenance of information systems on petroleum, natural gas, coal, 
nuclear, electricity, alternate fuel sources, and energy consumption. 
This includes collecting data and ensuring its accuracy; preparing 
forecasts of alternative energy futures; and preparing reports on energy 
sources, end-uses, prices, supply and demand, and associated 
environmental, economic, international, and financial matters. This 
program also includes the operation of the Energy Information 
Administration (EIA) computer facility, telecommunications support, 
customer services, and ADP software support to the Department of Energy 
and others. In addition, the National Energy Information Center 
disseminates statistical and analytical publications, reports, and data 
files in hard-copy and electronic formats, and responds to public 
inquiries. Finally, this activity provides survey and statistical design 
standards, documentation standards, and energy data public-use forms 
clearance and burden control services.

               Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-0216-0-1-276      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

      Personnel compensation:

11.1    Full-time permanent.............          27          27          26
11.3    Other than full-time permanent..           1           1           1
11.5    Other personnel compensation....           1           1           1
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
11.9      Total personnel compensation..          29          29          28
12.1  Civilian personnel benefits.......           5           5           5
23.1  Rental payments to GSA............           4           5           5
23.3  Communications, utilities, and 
        miscellaneous charges...........           1           1           1
24.0  Printing and reproduction.........           1           1           1
25.1  Advisory and assistance services..           1           1           1
25.2  Other services....................          27          22          17
25.3  Purchases of goods and services 
        from Government accounts........           1
26.0  Supplies and materials............           5           5           5
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
99.9    Total obligations...............          74          69          63
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                              Personnel Summary

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-0216-0-1-276      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total compensable workyears:
1001  Full-time equivalent employment...         442         417         374
1005  Full-time equivalent of overtime 
        and holiday hours...............           1           1           1
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                <F-dash>

                         Emergency Preparedness

               Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-0234-0-1-274      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Obligations by program activity:
10.00 Total obligations.................           1           1
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance available, 
        start of year: Uninvested 
        balance.........................           2           1
23.95 New obligations...................          -1          -1
24.40 Unobligated balance available, end 
        of year: Uninvested balance.....           1
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Change in unpaid obligations:
72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: 
        Obligated balance: Appropriation           2           1           2
73.10 New obligations...................           1           1
73.20 Total outlays (gross).............          -2
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: 
        Obligated balance: Appropriation           1           2           2
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Outlays (gross), detail:
86.93 Outlays from current balances.....           2
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority..................
90.00 Outlays...........................           2
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

               Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-0234-0-1-274      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
11.1  Personnel compensation: Full-time 
        permanent.......................           1
25.2  Other services....................                       1
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
99.9    Total obligations...............           1           1
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                              Personnel Summary

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-0234-0-1-274      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
1001  Total compensable workyears: Full-
        time equivalent employment......           8
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                <F-dash>

                           Economic Regulation

    For necessary expenses in carrying out the activities of the Office 
of Hearings and Appeals, $2,725,000, to remain available until expended. 
(Department of the Interior and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 
1997.)

               Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-0217-0-1-276      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Economic regulation...............           3           1

[[Page 471]]

00.02 Hearings and appeals..............           4           3           3
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
10.00   Total obligations...............           7           4           3
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance available, 
        start of year: Uninvested 
        balance.........................           2           1
22.00 New budget authority (gross)......           6           3           3
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
23.90   Total budgetary resources 
          available for obligation......           8           4           3
23.95 New obligations...................          -7          -4          -3
24.40 Unobligated balance available, end 
        of year: Uninvested balance.....           1
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    New budget authority (gross), detail:
40.00 Appropriation.....................           6           3           3
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Change in unpaid obligations:
72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: 
        Obligated balance: Appropriation           3           2           1
73.10 New obligations...................           7           4           3
73.20 Total outlays (gross).............          -8          -5          -3
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: 
        Obligated balance: Appropriation           2           1
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new current authority           4           2           2
86.93 Outlays from current balances.....           4           3           1
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
87.00   Total outlays (gross)...........           8           5           3
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority..................           6           3           3
90.00 Outlays...........................           8           5           3
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Compliance.--This program, administered by the Office of General 
Counsel, is responsible for resolving all remaining enforcement actions 
to ensure that oil companies complied with petroleum regulations in 
effect prior to decontrol of oil in January 1981.

    Hearings and appeals.--The Office of Hearings and Appeals issues all 
final orders of an adjudicatory nature other than those over which the 
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission or the Board of Contract Appeals 
has jurisdiction. It decides appeals of petroleum enforcement actions 
and adverse Freedom of Information Act and Privacy Act determinations, 
examines requests for exception relief, and administers refund 
proceedings involving funds obtained as a result of petroleum 
enforcement actions. This office is also responsible for (a) conducting 
hearings and issuing initial agency decisions on ``whistleblower'' 
complaints made under the DOE Contractor Employee Protection Program, 
(b) issuing final agency decisions on appeals of disputed ``Payment-
Equal-to-Taxes'' determinations made under the Nuclear Waste Policy Act 
of 1982, as amended, and (c) conducting personnel security 
administrative review hearings, and performing administrative reviews of 
initial determinations. The FY 1998 funding request is limited to 
expenses related to Petroleum overcharge cases.

               Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-0217-0-1-276      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
11.1  Personnel compensation: Full-time 
        permanent.......................           5           2           2
12.1  Civilian personnel benefits.......           1           1
25.3  Purchases of goods and services 
        from Government accounts........           1           1           1
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
99.9    Total obligations...............           7           4           3
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                              Personnel Summary

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-0217-0-1-276      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
1001  Total compensable workyears: Full-
        time equivalent employment......          82          54          46
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                <F-dash>

                  Federal Energy Regulatory Commission

                          salaries and expenses

    For necessary expenses of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission 
to carry out the provisions of the Department of Energy Organization Act 
(42 U.S.C. 7101, et seq.), including services as authorized by 5 U.S.C. 
3109, the hire of passenger motor vehicles, and official reception and 
representation expenses (not to exceed $3,000), [$146,290,000] 
$167,577,000, to remain available until expended: Provided, That 
notwithstanding any other provision of law, not to exceed [$146,290,000] 
$167,577,000 of revenues from fees and annual charges, and other 
services and collections in fiscal year [1997] 1998 shall be retained 
and used for necessary expenses in this account, and shall remain 
available until expended: Provided further, That the sum herein 
appropriated from the General Fund shall be reduced as revenues are 
received during fiscal year [1997] 1998 so as to result in a final 
fiscal year [1997] 1998 appropriation from the General Fund estimated at 
not more than $0. (Energy and Water Development Appropriations Act, 
1997.)

               Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-0212-0-1-276      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Obligations by program activity:
00.02 Hydropower regulation.............          51          48          51
00.03 Electric power regulation.........          41          46          52
00.04 Natural gas and oil regulation....          63          62          65
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
10.00   Total obligations...............         155         156         168
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance available, 
        start of year: Uninvested 
        balance.........................          33          10
22.00 New budget authority (gross)......         131         146         168
22.10 Resources available from 
        recoveries of prior year 
        obligations.....................           1
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
23.90   Total budgetary resources 
          available for obligation......         165         156         168
23.95 New obligations...................        -155        -156        -168
24.40 Unobligated balance available, end 
        of year: Uninvested balance.....          10
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    New budget authority (gross), detail:
68.00 Spending authority from offsetting 
        collections (gross): Offsetting 
        collections (cash)..............         131         146         168
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Change in unpaid obligations:
72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: 
        Obligated balance: Appropriation          39          24          33
73.10 New obligations...................         155         156         168
73.20 Total outlays (gross).............        -169        -147        -165
73.45 Adjustments in unexpired accounts.          -1
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: 
        Obligated balance: Appropriation          24          33          36
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Outlays (gross), detail:
86.97 Outlays from new permanent 
        authority.......................         112         124         143
86.98 Outlays from permanent balances...          57          23          22
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
87.00   Total outlays (gross)...........         169         147         165
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Offsets:
      Against gross budget authority and outlays:

88.40   Offsetting collections (cash) 
          from: Non-Federal sources.....        -131        -146        -168
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority..................
90.00 Outlays...........................          38           1          -3
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) is charged with 
regulating certain interstate aspects of the natural gas, oil pipeline, 
hydropower, and electric industries. Such regulation includes issuing 
licenses and certificates for construction of facilities, approving 
rates, inspecting dams, implementing compliance and enforcement 
activities, and providing other services to regulated businesses. In 
1998, these businesses will pay fees and charges sufficient to fully 
offset the cost of the Commission's operations.

[[Page 472]]

    Natural gas and oil.--The Commission is responsible for the 
regulation of 150 natural gas pipeline companies and 130 common carrier 
oil pipelines including the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System. The Commission 
issues certificates authorizing natural gas pipelines to construct and 
operate new facilities and to provide new services; determines just and 
reasonable rates for the interstate transportation of natural gas and 
oil on the pipelines subject to the Commission's jurisdiction; and 
authorizes tariff provisions, as appropriate, to allow the gas and oil 
pipelines to adjust their services to meet their customers' needs and 
the pipelines' needs to meet competition in their markets. The 
Commission has and will continue to develop creative and flexible 
pricing policies and new and innovative services to address the changing 
competitive marketplace in both the gas and oil industries. While 
working to assure the industries are able to meet their service 
requirements by staying economically healthy, the Commission will 
continue to assure that environmental concerns from construction 
projects are properly addressed and that the public interest is 
protected when new services or pricing mechanisms are authorized.

    Hydropower.--The Commission issues preliminary permits, exemptions, 
and licenses, including relicenses, for non-federal hydroelectric 
projects, enforces their terms and conditions, and performs dam safety 
inspections. The Commission regulates more than 1,600 hydroelectric 
projects which supply about 5 percent of the electric energy generated 
in the United States. The Commission also performs investigations to 
determine the amount of headwater benefits that are derived from 
Federally-owned and FERC-licensed headwater improvements and returned 
nearly $6 million in revenues to the U.S. Treasury in 1996.

    Electric power.--The Commission is responsible for determining rates 
for the interstate sale or transmission of wholesale electric energy for 
more than 200 electric utilities and for overseeing electric utility 
corporate transactions. The Commission approves rates for all Federal 
power marketing agencies except TVA. Implementing the Energy Policy Act 
of 1992 will result in many changes in the electric power industry to 
meet increasing generating capacity needs of the 1990's, primarily 
through nontraditional sources in response to economic forces in the 
marketplace. The Commission has the authority to order the provision of 
transmission service upon request. The Commission also certifies 
cogenerators, small power producers, and exempt wholesale generators. 

               Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-0212-0-1-276      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

      Personnel compensation:

11.1    Full-time permanent.............          85          87          92
11.3    Other than full-time permanent..           2           2           2
11.5    Other personnel compensation....           1           1           1
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
11.9      Total personnel compensation..          88          90          95
12.1  Civilian personnel benefits.......          16          18          19
21.0  Travel and transportation of 
        persons.........................           2           2           2
23.1  Rental payments to GSA............          17          18          18
23.3  Communications, utilities, and 
        miscellaneous charges...........           3           3           3
24.0  Printing and reproduction.........           2           2           2
25.1  Advisory and assistance services..           6           4           7
25.2  Other services....................          10          13          14
25.3  Purchases of goods and services 
        from Government accounts........                       1           1
25.7  Operation and maintenance of 
        equipment.......................                       1           2
26.0  Supplies and materials............           2           1           1
31.0  Equipment.........................           8           3           3
99.5  Below reporting threshold.........           1                       1
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
99.9    Total obligations...............         155         156         168
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                              Personnel Summary

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-0212-0-1-276      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total compensable workyears:
1001  Full-time equivalent employment...       1,374       1,357       1,377
1005  Full-time equivalent of overtime 
        and holiday hours...............           3           3           3
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                <F-dash>

                  Geothermal Resources Development Fund

               Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-0206-0-1-271      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance available, 
        start of year: Uninvested 
        balance.........................           1           1
22.30 Unobligated balance expiring......                      -1
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
23.90   Total budgetary resources 
          available for obligation......           1
24.40 Unobligated balance available, end 
        of year: Uninvested balance.....           1
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority..................
90.00 Outlays...........................
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    This loan guarantee program was started in 1979 to subsidize loans 
for geothermal energy projects too risky to acquire private sector 
financing on their own. The fund is no longer in operation, and has been 
closed pursuant to 31 U.S.C. 1555. Budget authority in the fund in 
recent years has only been needed to support one FTE to monitor the 
remaining active agreements and assets of the program. In 1992, that 
person's position was incorporated into the geothermal R&D activity, so 
no new budget authority will be needed in this account in FY 1998.

                                <F-dash>

                          Clean Coal Technology

                   (including rescission and deferral)

    Of the funds made available under this heading for obligation in 
[fiscal year 1997 or] prior years, [$123,000,000 are rescinded:] 
$153,000,000 are rescinded, and an additional $133,000,000 of such funds 
shall not be available for obligation until October 1, 1998: Provided, 
That an additional $50,000,000 shall be available October 1, 1998, to 
initiate and carry out an international clean coal technology program, 
to remain available until expended: Provided further, That not to exceed 
$15,866,000 in fiscal year 1998 may be used for administrative oversight 
of the Clean Coal Technology program: Provided further, That funds made 
available in previous appropriations Acts shall be available for any 
ongoing project regardless of the separate request for proposal under 
which the project was selected. (42 U.S.C. 13362; Department of the 
Interior and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1997.)

               Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-0235-0-1-271      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Obligations by program activity:
10.00 Total obligations.................          50         377         184
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance available, 
        start of year: Uninvested 
        balance.........................         832         932         570
22.00 New budget authority (gross)......         147          15        -286
22.10 Resources available from 
        recoveries of prior year 
        obligations.....................           3
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
23.90   Total budgetary resources 
          available for obligation......         982         947         284
23.95 New obligations...................         -50        -377        -184
24.40 Unobligated balance available, end 
        of year: Uninvested balance.....         932         570         100
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 473]]



    New budget authority (gross), detail:
      Current:

        Unobligated balance rescinded:
40.36     Unobligated balance rescinded.                    -123        -153
40.36     Unobligated balance deferred..                                -133
41.00   Transferred to other accounts...          -3
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
43.00     Appropriation (total).........          -3        -123        -286
      Permanent:

65.00   Advance appropriation (definite)         150         138
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
70.00   Total new budget authority 
          (gross).......................         147          15        -286
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Change in unpaid obligations:
72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: 
        Obligated balance: Appropriation         407         206         339
73.10 New obligations...................          50         377         184
73.20 Total outlays (gross).............        -248        -244        -257
73.45 Adjustments in unexpired accounts.          -3
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: 
        Obligated balance: Appropriation         206         339         266
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Outlays (gross), detail:
86.98 Outlays from permanent balances...         248         244         257
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority..................         147          15        -286
90.00 Outlays...........................         248         244         257
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Public Law 99-190, making continuing appropriations for 1986, 
provided $400 million from funds in the Energy Security Reserve in the 
Department of the Treasury for a new Clean Coal Technology program in 
the Department of Energy. This program was authorized under the Clean 
Coal Technology Reserve proviso of Public Law 98-473 to subsidize the 
construction and operation of facilities to demonstrate the potential 
commercial feasibility of such technologies.

    Termination of the domestic Clean Coal Technology program, after 
completion of projects now underway, is part of the President's 
realignment of the Department of Energy. The Administration's policy 
calls for limiting the program's existing domestic projects which have 
been selected under contract. If a project is cancelled, the cancelled 
project's funding will either be used to meet the needs of remaining on-
going projects, or will be rescinded if the funds are not needed by the 
program.

    An advance appropriation of $50 million is requested to initiate 
support of an international clean coal technology program. The funds 
appropriated would become available at the start of fiscal year 1999. 
The project will apply U.S. integrated, coal gasification combined cycle 
technology in the People's Republic of China to introduce advanced, high 
efficiency, clean coal technology in the production of much needed 
electricity. China's rapidly expanding economy depends on coal to supply 
about three-quarters of its total energy needs.

    The Department is proposing a rescission of $153 million from the 
program in FY 1998. The proposed rescission would reduce the total 
amount appropriated from $2.425 billion to $2.272 billion. The source of 
funding for these proposals are funds available in the cost overrun 
reserve and are available from canceled and or savings from restructured 
projects.

               Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-0235-0-1-271      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
11.1  Personnel compensation: Full-time 
        permanent.......................           5           5           5
12.1  Civilian personnel benefits.......           1           1           1
25.1  Advisory and assistance services..           3           3           3
25.2  Other services....................           5           5           5
25.3  Purchases of goods and services 
        from Government accounts........           1           1           1
41.0  Grants, subsidies, and 
        contributions...................          35         362         169
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
99.9    Total obligations...............          50         377         184
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                              Personnel Summary

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-0235-0-1-271      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
1001  Total compensable workyears: Full-
        time equivalent employment......          69          70          68
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                <F-dash>

                      Alternative Fuels Production

             (including transfer [and rescission] of funds)

    Monies received as investment income on the principal amount in the 
Great Plains Project Trust at the Norwest Bank of North Dakota, in such 
sums as are earned as of October 1, [1996] 1997, shall be deposited in 
this account and immediately transferred to the General Fund of the 
Treasury. Monies received as revenue sharing from operation of the Great 
Plains Gasification Plant shall be immediately transferred to the 
General Fund of the Treasury. [Funds are hereby rescinded in the amount 
of $2,500,000 from unobligated balances under this head.] (Department of 
the Interior and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1997.)

               Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-5180-0-2-271      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance available, 
        start of year: Treasury balance.           6           5           3
22.00 New budget authority (gross)......                      -3
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
23.90   Total budgetary resources 
          available for obligation......           6           3           3
24.40 Unobligated balance available, end 
        of year: Uninvested balance.....           5           3           3
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    New budget authority (gross), detail:
      Current:

40.36   Unobligated balance rescinded...                      -3
      Permanent:

        Spending authority from 
            offsetting collections:
68.00     Offsetting collections (cash).           2           1           2
68.27     Capital transfer to general 
            fund........................          -2          -1          -2
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
68.90       Spending authority from 
              offsetting collections 
              (total)...................
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
70.00   Total new budget authority 
          (gross).......................                      -3
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Change in unpaid obligations:
72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: 
        Obligated balance: Appropriation          10          10          10
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: 
        Obligated balance: Appropriation          10          10          10
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Offsets:
      Against gross budget authority and outlays:

88.40   Offsetting collections (cash) 
          from: Interest from principal 
          in the Great Plains Project 
          Trust.........................          -2          -1          -2
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority..................          -2          -4          -2
90.00 Outlays...........................                      -1          -2
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    This program was established in 1980 for the purpose of expediting 
the development and production of alternative fuels.

    When the Synthetic Fuels Corporation was declared to be operational 
in 1982, the uncommitted and unobligated funds remaining in the program 
were transferred to the Energy Security Reserve for use by the Synthetic 
Fuels Corporation, with the exception of the loan guarantee for the 
Great Plains Gasification Project, which remained under the jurisdiction 
of the Department of Energy. The Department exercised its authority to 
borrow from the Treasury to repay the Federal Financing Bank upon 
default of the borrower in 1985. This loan was repaid, along with 
accrued interest, by a Supplemental appropriation in 1986. The 
Department acquired ownership of the Great Plains plant by foreclosure, 
which was completed on July 14, 1986, and continued operation of the

[[Page 474]]

plant without the expenditure of appropriated funds. On October 31, 
1988, the Department completed the process of establishing an asset 
purchase agreement for the Great Plains Gasification Plant by settlement 
with Basin Electric Power Cooperative Association. Responsibilities for 
other related agreements--Trust Agreement, Gas Transportation Agreement, 
Gas Purchase Agreement--were also settled. Under the terms of the asset 
purchase agreement a check for $85 million was provided to the 
Government as an initial payment. These agreements are currently the 
subject of litigation between the Department, Dakota Gasification 
Company and the four pipeline companies which purchase the synthetic gas 
from the plant. Future revenue sharing payments to the Department are 
dependent upon the outcome of this litigation as well as natural gas 
prices.

    The parties to litigation negotiated settlement agreements in 
principle in December 1993. Settlement agreements dated February 16, 
1994, have been signed. These settlement agreements resolve all past 
disputes as well as restructure the Gas Purchase Agreements pricing 
provisions. The settlement agreements are contingent upon final Federal 
Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) approval.

    One of the four pipeline companies, which purchases 20 percent of 
the plant's output of synthetic natural gas received Federal Energy 
Regulatory Commission final approval in December 1994 for its settlement 
agreement. On December 18, 1996 initial FERC approval was granted for 
the remaining three pipeline companies in FERC Opinion 410. One of the 
remaining three pipelines which purchases 30 percent of the plant's 
output of synthetic natural gas has declared that effective December 31, 
1996 it's settlement is final.

                                <F-dash>

               Payments to States Under Federal Power Act

              Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-5105-0-2-806      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Balance, start of year:
01.99 Balance, start of year............
    Receipts:
02.01 Licenses under Federal Power Act 
        from public lands and national 
        forests, payment to States (37 
        1/2%),Energy....................           3           3           3
    Appropriation:
05.01 Payments to States under Federal 
        Power Act.......................          -3          -3          -3
07.99 Total balance, end of year........
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

               Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-5105-0-2-806      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Obligations by program activity:
10.00 Total obligations (object class 
        41.0)...........................           2           3           3
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance available, 
        start of year: Treasury balance.           2           3           3
22.00 New budget authority (gross)......           3           3           3
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
23.90   Total budgetary resources 
          available for obligation......           5           6           6
23.95 New obligations...................          -2          -3          -3
24.40 Unobligated balance available, end 
        of year: Uninvested balance.....           3           3           3
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    New budget authority (gross), detail:
60.25 Appropriation (special fund, 
        indefinite).....................           3           3           3
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Change in unpaid obligations:
73.10 New obligations...................           2           3           3
73.20 Total outlays (gross).............          -2          -3          -3
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Outlays (gross), detail:
86.97 Outlays from new permanent 
        authority.......................           2           3           3
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority..................           3           3           3
90.00 Outlays...........................           2           3           3
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The States are paid 37.5 percent of the receipts from licenses for 
occupancy and use of national forests and public lands within their 
boundaries issued by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (16 U.S.C. 
810).

                                <F-dash>

                       Nuclear Waste Disposal Fund

    For nuclear waste disposal activities to carry out the purposes of 
Public Law 97-425, as amended, including the acquisition of real 
property or facility construction or expansion, [$182,000,000] 
$190,000,000, to remain available until expended, to be derived from the 
Nuclear Waste Fund[: Provided, That none of the funds provided herein 
shall be distributed to the State of Nevada or affected units of local 
government (as defined by Public Law 97-425) by direct payment, grant, 
or other means, for financial assistance under section 116 of the 
Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982, as amended: Provided further, That the 
foregoing proviso shall not apply to payments in lieu of taxes under 
section 116(c)(3)(A) of the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982, as 
amended: Provided further, That no later than September 30, 1998, the 
Secretary shall provide to the President and to the Congress a viability 
assessment of the Yucca Mountain site. The viability assessment shall 
include: (1) the preliminary design concept for the critical elements 
for the repository and waste package; (2) a total system performance 
assessment, based upon the design concept and the scientific data and 
analysis available by September 30, 1998, describing the probable 
behavior of the repository in the Yucca Mountain geological setting 
relative to the overall system performance standards; (3) a plan and 
cost estimate for the remaining work required to complete a license 
application; and (4) an estimate of the costs to construct and operate 
the repository in accordance with the design concept]; of which not to 
exceed $4,875,000 may be provided to the State of Nevada, solely to 
conduct scientific oversight responsibilities pursuant to the Nuclear 
Waste Policy Act of 1982, (Public Law 97-425), as amended; and of which 
not to exceed $6,175,000 may be provided to affected local governments, 
as defined in Public Law 97-425, to conduct appropriate activities 
pursuant to the Act: Provided further, That the distribution of the 
funds to the units of local government shall be determined by the 
Department of Energy: Provided further, That the funds shall be made 
available to the State and units of local government by direct payment: 
Provided further, That within ninety days of the completion of each 
Federal fiscal year, each State or local entity shall provide 
certification to the Department of Energy, that all funds expended from 
such payments have been expended for activities as defined in Public Law 
97-425. Failure to provide such certification shall cause such entity to 
be prohibited from any further funding provided for similar activities: 
Provided further, That none of the funds herein appropriated may be: (1) 
used directly or indirectly to influence legislative action on any 
matter pending before Congress or a State legislature or for lobbying 
activity as provided in 18 U.S.C. 1913; (2) used for litigation 
expenses; or (3) used to support multistate efforts or other coalition 
building activities inconsistent with the restrictions contained in this 
Act. (Energy and Water Development Appropriations Act, 1997.)

              Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-5227-0-2-271      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Balance, start of year:
01.99 Balance, start of year............       4,519       5,196       5,971
    Receipts:
02.01 Receipts from nuclear powered 
        electric utilities..............         634         649         655
02.02 Net earnings on investments.......         208         322         377
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
02.99   Total receipts..................         842         971       1,032
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
04.00 Total: Balances and collections...       5,361       6,167       7,003
    Appropriation:
05.01 Nuclear Waste Fund................        -151        -182        -190
05.02 Nuclear Regulatory Commission.....         -11         -11         -17
05.03 Nuclear Waste Technical Review 
        Board...........................          -3          -3          -3
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
05.99 Subtotal appropriation............        -165        -196        -210

[[Page 475]]

07.99 Total balance, end of year........       5,196       5,971       6,793
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

               Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-5227-0-2-271      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Obligations by program activity:
10.00 Total obligations.................         145         175         182
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.41 Unobligated balance available, 
        start of year: U.S. Securities: 
        Par value.......................          19          25          32
22.00 New budget authority (gross)......         151         182         190
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
23.90   Total budgetary resources 
          available for obligation......         170         207         222
23.95 New obligations...................        -145        -175        -182
24.41 Unobligated balance available, end 
        of year: U.S. Securities: Par 
        value...........................          25          32          40
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    New budget authority (gross), detail:
40.20 Budget authority (appropriation)..         151         182         190
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Change in unpaid obligations:
72.41 Unpaid obligations, start of year: 
        Obligated balance: U.S. 
        Securities: Par value...........         129          79          87
73.10 New obligations...................         145         175         182
73.20 Total outlays (gross).............        -195        -166        -186
74.41 Unpaid obligations, end of year: 
        Obligated balance: U.S. 
        Securities: Par value...........          79          87          83
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new current authority          98          91          95
86.93 Outlays from current balances.....          97          75          91
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
87.00   Total outlays (gross)...........         195         166         186
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority..................         151         182         190
90.00 Outlays...........................         195         166         186
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The nuclear waste disposal program consists of efforts related to 
the development, acquisition, and operation of facilities for the 
disposal of civilian and defense high level nuclear waste. These 
activities are funded by appropriations from the Nuclear Waste Fund 
which is paid for by the users of the disposal service, and the Defense 
Nuclear Waste Disposal account, which was established by Congress as 
part of the 1993 Energy and Water Development Appropriation (P.L. 102-
377) in lieu of a payment from the Department of Energy into the Nuclear 
Waste Fund for activities related to the disposal of defense high-level 
waste. As directed by Public Law 104-206, the Program will complete by 
September 1998 an assessment of the viability of licensing and 
constructing a geologic repository at the Yucca Mountain site. This 
viability assessment will consist of four components that will include: 
(1) the preliminary design concept for the critical components for the 
repository and waste package; (2) a total system performance assessment, 
based upon the design concept and the scientific data and analysis 
available by September 30, 1998, describing the probable behavior of the 
repository in the Yucca Mountain geological setting relative to the 
overall system performance standards; (3) a plan and cost estimate for 
the remaining work to complete a license application; and (4) an 
estimate of costs to construct and operate the repository in accordance 
with the design concept. The completion of the constituent elements of 
the viability assessment constitute a logical convergence at which the 
Program can make a measurably improved appraisal of the prospects for 
geological disposal at the Yucca Mountain site. The assessment is an 
interim step in the process leading to a site recommendation to the 
President and to a license application that would be submitted to the 
Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Consistent with the Conference Report to 
the FY 1997 Energy and Water Appropriations, the activities that support 
the viability assessment will be conducted in accordance with the draft 
Civilian Radioactive Waste Management Program Plan, Revision 1.

    The outyear funding for this account for fiscal years 2000-2002 does 
not reflect the impact of the 1998 viability assessment of Yucca 
Mountain.

                  Status of Funds (in millions of dollars)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-5227-0-2-271      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Unexpended balance, start of year:
0101  U.S. Securities: U.S. securities: 
        Par value.......................       4,668       5,312       6,113
    Cash income during the year:
      Proprietary receipts:

0220    Nuclear waste disposal fund , 
          Energy........................         634         649         655
      Intragovernmental transactions:

0240    Earnings on investments, Nuclear 
          waste disposal fund , Energy..         208         322         377
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
0299    Total cash income...............         842         971       1,032
    Cash outgo during year:
0500  Nuclear waste disposal fund.......        -195        -166        -186
0502  Nuclear Waste Technical Review 
        Board,..........................          -3          -4          -3
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
0599  Total cash outgo (-)..............        -198        -170        -189
    Unexpended balance, end of year:
0701  U.S. Securities: U.S. securities: 
        Par value.......................       5,312       6,113       6,956
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

               Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-5227-0-2-271      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
11.1  Personnel compensation: Full-time 
        permanent.......................          17          19          18
12.1  Civilian personnel benefits.......           3           4           4
21.0  Travel and transportation of 
        persons.........................           1           1           1
23.2  Rental payments to others.........           2           2           2
23.3  Communications, utilities, and 
        miscellaneous charges...........           1           1           1
25.2  Other services....................         121         148         156
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
99.9    Total obligations...............         145         175         182
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                              Personnel Summary

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-5227-0-2-271      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total compensable workyears:
1001  Full-time equivalent employment...         248         232         206
1005  Full-time equivalent of overtime 
        and holiday hours...............           1           1           1
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                <F-dash>

       Uranium Enrichment Decontamination and Decommissioning Fund

    For necessary expenses in carrying out uranium enrichment facility 
decontamination and decommissioning, remedial actions and other 
activities of title II of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 and title X, 
subtitle A of the Energy Policy Act of 1992, [$200,200,000] 
$248,788,000, to be derived from the Fund, to remain available until 
expended: Provided, That [$34,000,000] $40,456,000 of amounts derived 
from the Fund for such expenses shall be available in accordance with 
title X, subtitle A, of the Energy Policy Act of 1992. (Energy and Water 
Development Appropriations Act, 1997.)

              Unavailable Collections (in millions of dollars)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-5231-0-2-271      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Balance, start of year:
01.99 Balance, start of year............         186         437         817
    Receipts:
02.01 Assessments.......................         160         160         167
02.02 Earnings on investments...........          20          43          57
02.03 General fund payment..............         350         377         388
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
02.99   Total receipts..................         530         580         612
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
04.00 Total: Balances and collections...         716       1,017       1,429
    Appropriation:
05.01 Uranium enrichment decontamination 
        and decommissioning fund........        -279        -200        -249
07.99 Total balance, end of year........         437         817       1,180
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 476]]



               Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-5231-0-2-271      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Obligations by program activity:
00.01 Environmental restoration and 
        waste management................         237         166         209
00.02 Uranium / thorium reimbursements..          42          34          40
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
10.00   Total obligations...............         279         200         249
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Budgetary resources available for obligation:
22.00 New budget authority (gross)......         279         200         249
23.95 New obligations...................        -279        -200        -249
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    New budget authority (gross), detail:
40.20 Appropriation (special fund, 
        definite).......................         279         200         249
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Change in unpaid obligations:
72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: 
        Obligated balance: Appropriation          78          40          24
73.10 New obligations...................         279         200         249
73.20 Total outlays (gross).............        -317        -216        -236
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: 
        Obligated balance: Appropriation          40          24          37
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new current authority         239         176         212
86.93 Outlays from current balances.....          78          40          24
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
87.00   Total outlays (gross)...........         317         216         236
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority..................         279         200         249
90.00 Outlays...........................         317         216         236
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Uranium Enrichment Decontamination and Decommissioning Fund will 
cover D&D, remedial action and other costs associated with environmental 
clean-up activities at sites leased and operated by the United States 
Enrichment Corporation as well as DOE facilities at these and other 
sites. A portion of the Fund will be used to reimburse current owners of 
uranium and thorium sites for a portion of their remediation costs for 
tailings attributable to the sale of uranium or thorium to the Federal 
Government.

                  Status of Funds (in millions of dollars)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-5231-0-2-271      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Unexpended balance, start of year:
      U.S. Securities:

0101    Par value.......................         268         480         842
0102    Unrealized discounts............          -4          -2
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
0199    Total balance, start of year....         264         478         842
    Cash income during the year:
      Governmental receipts:

0200    Assessments, Decontamination and 
          Decommissioning Fund..........         160         160         167
      Intragovernmental transactions:

0240    Earnings on investments, 
          Decontamination and 
          Decommissioning Fund..........          20          43          57
0241    General fund payment--Defense, 
          Decontamination and 
          Decommissioning Fund..........         350         377         388
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
0299    Total cash income...............         530         580         612
    Cash outgo during year:
0500  Uranium enrichment decontamination 
        and decommissioning fund........        -317        -216        -236
    Unexpended balance, end of year:
      U.S. Securities:

0701    Par value.......................         480         842       1,218
0702    Unrealized discounts............          -2
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
0799    Total balance, end of year......         478         842       1,218
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

               Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-5231-0-2-271      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
25.1  Advisory and assistance services..          10           7           9
25.2  Other services....................          36          26          32
25.4  Operation and maintenance of 
        facilities......................         220         158         196
32.0  Land and structures...............          11           8          10
41.0  Grants, subsidies, and 
        contributions...................           2           1           2
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
99.9    Total obligations...............         279         200         249
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                <F-dash>

Public enterprise funds:

            Isotope Production and Distribution Program Fund

               Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-4180-0-3-271      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Obligations by program activity:
10.00 Total obligations.................          39          24          34
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance available, 
        start of year: Uninvested 
        balance.........................           8          11          11
22.00 New budget authority (gross)......          42          24          34
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
23.90   Total budgetary resources 
          available for obligation......          50          35          45
23.95 New obligations...................         -39         -24         -34
24.40 Unobligated balance available, end 
        of year: Uninvested balance.....          11          11          11
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    New budget authority (gross), detail:
68.00 Spending authority from offsetting 
        collections (gross): Offsetting 
        collections (cash)..............          42          24          34
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Change in unpaid obligations:
72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: 
        Obligated balance: Appropriation           6           8           8
73.10 New obligations...................          39          24          34
73.20 Total outlays (gross).............         -37         -24         -34
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: 
        Obligated balance: Appropriation           8           8           8
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Outlays (gross), detail:
86.93 Outlays from current balances.....          -5
86.97 Outlays from new permanent 
        authority.......................          42          24          34
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
87.00   Total outlays (gross)...........          37          24          34
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Offsets:
      Against gross budget authority and outlays:

88.40   Offsetting collections (cash) 
          from: Non-Federal sources.....         -42         -24         -34
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority..................
90.00 Outlays...........................          -5
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The charter of the Department of Energy (DOE) Isotope Production and 
Distribution Program covers the production and sale of isotope products 
and related services to the user community utilizing Government-owned 
facilities. The isotopes produced by the Department are those that can 
be produced in existing DOE production and research facilities dedicated 
to the products required by the Isotope Production and Distribution 
program. The isotopes are sold at their market value or at a price 
determined to be in the best interest of the government for use in 
medical diagnoses and therapy, medical and scientific research, and 
industrial applications.

               Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-4180-0-3-271      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
11.1  Personnel compensation: Full-time 
        permanent.......................           1           1           1
25.1  Advisory and assistance services..           1           1           1
25.2  Other services....................           2           1           1
25.4  Operation and maintenance of 
        facilities......................          33          19          29
25.5  Research and development contracts           1           1           1

[[Page 477]]

31.0  Equipment.........................           1           1           1
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
99.9    Total obligations...............          39          24          34
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                              Personnel Summary

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-4180-0-3-271      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
2001  Total compensable workyears: Full-
        time equivalent employment......          10          10          10
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                <F-dash>

                               Trust Funds

                      Advances for Cooperative Work

               Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 89-8575-0-7-271      1996 actual   1997 est.   1998 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance available, 
        start of year: Uninvested 
        balance.........................           1           1           1
24.40 Unobligated balance available, end 
        of year: Uninvested balance.....           1           1           1
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Change in unpaid obligations:
72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: 
        Obligated balance: Appropriation          18          18          18
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: 
        Obligated balance: Appropriation          18          18          18
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Outlays (gross), detail:
86.98 Outlays from permanent balances...           6
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority..................
90.00 Outlays...........................           6
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    In past years, this account received advances from domestic and 
foreign sources, to fund research and development activities for 
civilian reactor, magnetic fusion, and basic energy sciences. Sources 
also provided funds for defense programs, the technical information 
management program, and conducting the Naval Petroleum Reserves 
Community Wells Protection program. The account will be terminated when 
balances have been expended.

                                <F-dash>