[Budget of the United States Government, Fiscal Year 1998]
[Page 217-297]



[[Page 217]]
 
                     31.  DETAILED FUNCTIONAL TABLES

                                             Table 31-1.  BUDGET AUTHORITY BY FUNCTION, CATEGORY AND PROGRAM                                            
                                                                (in millions of dollars)                                                                
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                              Estimate                                  
                            Source                                 1996    -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                 Actual         1997         1998         1999         2000         2001         2002   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
050 National defense:                                                                                                                                   
  Discretionary:                                                                                                                                        
    Department of Defense--Military:                                                                                                                    
      Military personnel.....................................      69,776       69,919       69,474       70,098       71,410       73,256       75,257 
      Operation and maintenance..............................      93,640       92,906       93,667       91,521       92,166       93,924       91,947 
      Procurement............................................      42,417       44,156       42,606       50,716       56,997       60,662       68,336 
      Research, development, test and evaluation.............      34,971       36,589       35,934       35,044       33,403       32,897       34,249 
      Military construction..................................       6,891        5,862        4,715        4,245        4,267        4,211        3,370 
      Family housing.........................................       4,259        4,122        3,668        3,876        3,941        3,985        3,913 
      Revolving, management and trust funds..................       1,761        2,275        1,615        1,668        1,328        1,362        1,370 
      DOD-wide savings proposals.............................  ...........      -4,800   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
      Proposed legislation (non-PAYGO).......................  ...........  ...........  ...........          85           85           85           85 
      Discretionary offsetting receipts......................        -100         -102         -102          -92          -92          -92          -92 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Department of Defense--Military................     253,615      250,927      251,577      257,161      263,505      270,290      278,435 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Atomic energy defense activities:                                                                                                                   
      Weapons activities.....................................       3,455        3,911        3,576        3,497        3,400        3,362        3,321 
      Defense environmental restoration and waste management.       5,545        5,619        5,052        4,647        4,778        4,674        4,533 
      Defense nuclear waste disposal.........................         248          200          190          190          190          190          190 
      Other atomic energy defense activities.................       1,447        1,622        4,797        3,489        2,795        2,636        2,484 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Atomic energy defense activities...............      10,695       11,352       13,615       11,823       11,163       10,862       10,528 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Defense-related activities:                                                                                                                         
      Discretionary programs.................................         697          793          782          850          849          845          797 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Discretionary......................................     265,007      263,072      265,974      269,834      275,517      281,997      289,760 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Mandatory:                                                                                                                                            
    Department of Defense--Military:                                                                                                                    
      Revolving, trust and other DoD mandatory...............       1,374          132          187          183          163          162          162 
      Proceeds from sales from National Defense Stockpile                                                                                               
       (Proposed PAYGO legislation)..........................  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........        -200 
      Offsetting receipts....................................        -583       -1,069       -1,067       -1,029         -901         -901         -901 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Department of Defense--Military................         791         -937         -880         -846         -738         -739         -939 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 218]]

    Atomic energy defense activities:                                                                                                                   
      Proceeds from sales of excess DOE assets...............          -5          -25          -15          -15          -15          -15          -15 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Defense-related activities:                                                                                                                         
      Mandatory programs.....................................         214          196          197          210          223          237          251 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Mandatory..........................................       1,000         -766         -698         -651         -530         -517         -703 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, National defense...................................     266,007      262,306      265,276      269,183      274,987      281,480      289,057 
                                                              ==========================================================================================
150 International affairs:                                                                                                                              
  Discretionary:                                                                                                                                        
    International development, humanitarian assistance:                                                                                                 
      Development assistance and operating expenses..........       2,141        2,149        2,200        2,244        2,290        2,336        2,384 
      Multilateral development banks (MDB's).................       1,163        1,014        1,604        1,490        1,476        1,192        1,149 
      Assistance for the New Independent States..............         518          576          900          850          800          750          675 
      Food aid...............................................         836          877          877          900          923          946          971 
      Refugee programs.......................................         721          700          700          718          737          756          775 
      Assistance for Central and Eastern Europe..............         463          475          492          300          175          100           50 
      Voluntary contributions to international organizations.         285          272          365          365          365          365          365 
      Peace Corps............................................         218          220          222          228          234          240          246 
      Other development and humanitarian assistance..........         303          361          352          351          351          350          363 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, International development, humanitarian                                                                                                   
        assistance...........................................       6,648        6,644        7,712        7,446        7,351        7,035        6,978 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    International security assistance:                                                                                                                  
      Foreign military financing grants and loans............       3,351        3,308        3,340        3,340        3,340        3,340        3,340 
      Economic support fund..................................       2,341        2,363        2,445        2,503        2,511        2,519        2,527 
      Other security assistance..............................         236          257          174          174          174          174          174 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, International security assistance..............       5,928        5,928        5,959        6,017        6,025        6,033        6,041 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Conduct of foreign affairs:                                                                                                                         
      State Department operations............................       2,097        2,102        1,721        1,721        1,721        1,721        1,721 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........         595          595          595          595          595 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, State Department operations..................       2,097        2,102        2,316        2,316        2,316        2,316        2,316 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Foreign buildings......................................         321          389          373          373          373          373          373 
      
[[Page 219]]

Assessed contributions to international organizations..         892          882        1,023          900          900          925          925 
      Assessed contributions for international peacekeeping..         359          352          286          240          240          240          240 
      Arrearage payment for international organizations and                                                                                             
       peacekeeping..........................................  ...........  ...........  ...........         921   ...........  ...........  ...........
      Other conduct of foreign affairs.......................         156          165          166          168          169          171          172 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Conduct of foreign affairs.....................       3,825        3,890        4,164        4,918        3,998        4,025        4,026 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Foreign information and exchange activities:                                                                                                        
      U.S. Information Agency................................       1,124        1,090        1,079        1,075        1,071        1,070        1,070 
      Other information and exchange activities..............           6            8            8            6            3            1   ...........
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Foreign information and exchange activities....       1,130        1,098        1,087        1,081        1,074        1,071        1,070 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    International financial programs:                                                                                                                   
      Export-Import Bank.....................................         764          715          630          630          630          630          630 
      Special defense acquisition fund.......................        -173         -166         -106          -30   ...........  ...........  ...........
      IMF new arrangements to borrow.........................  ...........  ...........       3,521   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
      Other IMF..............................................  ...........  ...........           7           17           17           17           17 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, International financial programs...............         591          549        4,052          617          647          647          647 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Discretionary......................................      18,122       18,109       22,974       20,079       19,095       18,811       18,762 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Mandatory:                                                                                                                                            
    International development, humanitarian assistance:                                                                                                 
      Credit liquidating accounts............................        -564         -521         -457         -452         -472         -468         -458 
      Other development and humanitarian assistance..........  ...........         -13          -13          -13          -13          -13          -13 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, International development, humanitarian                                                                                                   
        assistance...........................................        -564         -534         -470         -465         -485         -481         -471 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    International security assistance:                                                                                                                  
      Repayment of foreign military financing loans..........        -661         -637         -535         -364         -268         -183         -133 
      Foreign military loan liquidating account..............        -229         -203         -191         -189         -201         -228         -227 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, International security assistance..............        -890         -840         -726         -553         -469         -411         -360 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 220]]

    Foreign affairs and information:                                                                                                                    
      Conduct of foreign affairs.............................           8            3            3            3            3            3            3 
      U.S. Information Agency trust funds....................           1            1            1            1            1            1            1 
      Japan-U.S. Friendship Commission.......................  ...........           1            1            1            1            1            1 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........          46   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Japan-U.S. Friendship Commission.............  ...........           1           47            1            1            1            1 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Foreign affairs and information................           9            5           51            5            5            5            5 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    International financial programs:                                                                                                                   
      Foreign military sales trust fund (net)................         552          760           90         -820         -580         -150          -10 
      Exchange stabilization fund............................        -778   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
      Other international financial programs.................         -55         -108         -110         -112         -190         -142          -50 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, International financial programs...............        -281          652          -20         -932         -770         -292          -60 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Mandatory..........................................      -1,726         -717       -1,165       -1,945       -1,719       -1,179         -886 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, International affairs..............................      16,396       17,392       21,809       18,134       17,376       17,632       17,876 
                                                              ==========================================================================================
250 General science, space, and technology:                                                                                                             
  Discretionary:                                                                                                                                        
    General science and basic research:                                                                                                                 
      National Science Foundation programs...................       3,156        3,207        3,305        3,311        3,318        3,325        3,332 
      Department of Energy general science programs..........         966          996        1,003          996          996          996          996 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, General science and basic research.............       4,122        4,203        4,308        4,307        4,314        4,321        4,328 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Space flight, research, and supporting activities:                                                                                                  
      Science, aeronautics and technology....................       5,032        4,746        4,722        4,789        4,947        5,135        5,172 
      Human space flight.....................................       5,457        5,540        5,327        5,306        5,077        4,832        4,676 
      Mission support........................................       2,065        2,123        2,064        2,006        1,889        1,928        2,031 
      
[[Page 221]]

Other NASA programs....................................          16           17           18           19           19           19           19 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Space flight, research, and supporting                                                                                                    
        activities...........................................      12,570       12,426       12,131       12,120       11,932       11,914       11,898 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Discretionary......................................      16,692       16,629       16,439       16,427       16,246       16,235       16,226 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Mandatory:                                                                                                                                            
    General science and basic research:                                                                                                                 
      National Science Foundation donations..................          24           38           38           31           31           31           31 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Mandatory..........................................          24           38           38           31           31           31           31 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, General science, space, and technology.............      16,716       16,667       16,477       16,458       16,277       16,266       16,257 
                                                              ==========================================================================================
270 Energy:                                                                                                                                             
  Discretionary:                                                                                                                                        
    Energy supply:                                                                                                                                      
      Research and development...............................       3,323        3,094        3,062        3,400        3,210        3,085        3,011 
      Naval petroleum reserves operations....................         148          144          117           48           48           48           48 
      Uranium enrichment activities..........................         343          201          249          220          190          190          190 
      Decontamination transfer...............................        -350         -377         -388         -398         -410         -421         -435 
      Nuclear waste program..................................         151          182          190          190          190          190          190 
      Federal power marketing................................         316          233          237          241          231          219          201 
      Rural electric and telephone discretionary loans.......         124           66           59           55           55           55           55 
      Financial management services..........................         -18           -4           87           48           48           48           48 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Energy supply..................................       4,037        3,539        3,613        3,804        3,562        3,414        3,308 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Energy conservation and preparedness:                                                                                                               
      Energy conservation....................................         533          550          688          691          688          690          689 
      Emergency energy preparedness..........................  ...........  ...........         209          209          209          209          209 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Energy conservation and preparedness...........         533          550          897          900          897          899          898 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Energy information, policy, and regulation:                                                                                                         
      Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC)....................          18           15           19           19           19           19           19 
      Federal Energy Regulatory Commission fees and                                                                                                     
       recoveries, and other.................................         -52          -31          -22          -22          -23          -24          -24 
      
[[Page 222]]

Departmental and other administration..................         364          183          196          190          190          190          190 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Energy information, policy, and regulation.....         330          167          193          187          186          185          185 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Discretionary......................................       4,900        4,256        4,703        4,891        4,645        4,498        4,391 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Mandatory:                                                                                                                                            
    Energy supply:                                                                                                                                      
      Naval petroleum reserves oil and gas sales.............        -419         -444         -175          -20          -10          -10          -10 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........           2            2            2 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Naval petroleum reserves oil and gas sales...        -419         -444         -175          -20           -8           -8           -8 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Federal power marketing................................        -996         -798         -828         -773         -744         -746         -799 
      Tennessee Valley Authority.............................          55         -182         -285   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
      United States Enrichment Corporation...................  ...........         -29         -100          -89          -80         -100         -940 
      Nuclear waste fund program.............................        -634         -649         -655         -657         -659         -660         -660 
      Rural electric and telephone liquidating accounts......        -259       -1,193         -770       -2,166       -1,038       -1,573         -863 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Energy supply..................................      -2,253       -3,295       -2,813       -3,705       -2,529       -3,087       -3,270 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Emergency energy preparedness:                                                                                                                      
      Lease excess SPR capacity (Proposed PAYGO Legislation).  ...........  ...........  ...........         -14          -37          -67          -83 
      Sale of Weeks Island Oil (Proposed PAYGO Legislation)..  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........      -1,145 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Emergency energy preparedness..................  ...........  ...........  ...........         -14          -37          -67       -1,228 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Mandatory..........................................      -2,253       -3,295       -2,813       -3,719       -2,566       -3,154       -4,498 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Energy.............................................       2,647          961        1,890        1,172        2,079        1,344         -107 
                                                              ==========================================================================================
300 Natural resources and environment:                                                                                                                  
  Discretionary:                                                                                                                                        
    Water resources:                                                                                                                                    
      Corps of Engineers.....................................       3,340        3,443        3,671        3,305        3,342        3,273        3,306 
      Bureau of Reclamation..................................         808          774          906          883          874          740          742 
      
[[Page 223]]

Other discretionary water resources programs...........         261          210          164          164          164          164          169 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........          -7          -14          -14          -14          -14 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Other discretionary water resources programs.         261          210          157          150          150          150          155 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Water resources................................       4,409        4,427        4,734        4,338        4,366        4,163        4,203 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Conservation and land management:                                                                                                                   
      Forest Service.........................................       2,336        2,556        2,340        2,386        2,431        2,476        2,525 
      Management of public lands (BLM).......................       1,017          947          989        1,020        1,041        1,065        1,086 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........          42           63           35 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Management of public lands (BLM).............       1,017          947          989        1,020        1,083        1,128        1,121 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Conservation of agricultural lands.....................         740          655          687          687          687          687          687 
      Other conservation and land management programs........         604          580          684          687          687          687          587 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Conservation and land management...............       4,697        4,738        4,700        4,780        4,888        4,978        4,920 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Recreational resources:                                                                                                                             
      Operation of recreational resources....................       2,167        2,237        2,357        2,375        2,423        2,477        2,534 
      Other recreational resources activities................          39           40           40           40           40           40           40 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Recreational resources.........................       2,206        2,277        2,397        2,415        2,463        2,517        2,574 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Pollution control and abatement:                                                                                                                    
      Regulatory, enforcement, and research programs.........       2,383        2,464        2,725        2,722        2,799        2,842        2,926 
      State and tribal assistance grants.....................       2,813        2,910        2,793        2,890        2,861        2,885        2,908 
      Hazardous substance superfund..........................       1,311        1,394        2,094        2,094        1,444        1,394        1,394 
      Other control and abatement activities.................         128          132          141          141          141          141          141 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Pollution control and abatement................       6,635        6,900        7,753        7,847        7,245        7,262        7,369 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Other natural resources:                                                                                                                            
      NOAA...................................................       1,933        1,977        2,052        2,256        2,129        2,066        2,008 
      
[[Page 224]]

Other natural resource program activities..............         788          752          757          757          757          755          755 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Other natural resources........................       2,721        2,729        2,809        3,013        2,886        2,821        2,763 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Discretionary......................................      20,668       21,071       22,393       22,393       21,848       21,741       21,829 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Mandatory:                                                                                                                                            
    Water resources:                                                                                                                                    
      Mandatory water resource programs......................        -155           51          -46          -95         -110         -111         -109 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Conservation and land management:                                                                                                                   
      Conservation Reserve Program...........................       1,924        2,121        2,347        2,204        2,311        2,313        2,296 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........         -25          -25          -25          -25          -25 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Conservation Reserve Program.................       1,924        2,121        2,322        2,179        2,286        2,288        2,271 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Other conservation programs............................         812          603          564          511          508          506          506 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........          35            3            5            4            3 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Other conservation programs..................         812          603          599          514          513          510          509 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Offsetting receipts....................................      -1,856       -2,011       -2,079       -2,115       -2,129       -2,156       -2,200 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........         -35          -77          -98          -70          -70 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Offsetting receipts..........................      -1,856       -2,011       -2,114       -2,192       -2,227       -2,226       -2,270 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Conservation and land management...............         880          713          807          501          572          572          510 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Recreational resources:                                                                                                                             
      Operation of recreational resources....................         684          780          759          795          748          765          784 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........          16           17           75           77           85 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Operation of recreational resources..........         684          780          775          812          823          842          869 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Offsetting receipts....................................        -239         -294         -308         -317         -236         -236         -240 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........          -1           -1          -78          -80          -88 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Offsetting receipts..........................        -239         -294         -309         -318         -314         -316         -328 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Recreational resources.........................         445          486          466          494          509          526          541 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    
[[Page 225]]

Pollution control and abatement:                                                                                                                    
      Superfund resources and other mandatory................        -205         -147         -125         -100         -100         -101         -101 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........         200          200          200          200          200 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Superfund resources and other mandatory......        -205         -147           75          100          100           99           99 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Other natural resources:                                                                                                                            
      Other fees and mandatory programs......................         -23          -68          -12          -29          -29          -29          -29 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Mandatory..........................................         942        1,035        1,290          971        1,042        1,057        1,012 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Natural resources and environment..................      21,610       22,106       23,683       23,364       22,890       22,798       22,841 
                                                              ==========================================================================================
350 Agriculture:                                                                                                                                        
  Discretionary:                                                                                                                                        
    Farm income stabilization:                                                                                                                          
      Agriculture credit insurance loan subsidies............         422          384          318          318          318          318          318 
      P.L.480 market development activities..................         238          142           90           90           90           90           90 
      Administrative expenses................................         801          817        1,017          943          880          857          860 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........         -53          -51          -62          -75          -88 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Administrative expenses......................         801          817          964          892          818          782          772 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Farm income stabilization......................       1,461        1,343        1,372        1,300        1,226        1,190        1,180 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Agricultural research and services:                                                                                                                 
      Research programs......................................       1,225        1,275        1,213        1,192        1,204        1,211        1,222 
      Extension programs.....................................         428          426          418          418          418          418          418 
      Marketing programs.....................................          48           40           51           51           51           51           51 
      Animal and plant inspection programs...................         459          438          431          431          431          431          431 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........         -10          -10          -10          -10          -10 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Animal and plant inspection programs.........         459          438          421          421          421          421          421 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Economic intelligence..................................         134          153          174          161          156          147          155 
      
[[Page 226]]

Grain inspection user fees.............................          23           23           26           26           26           26           26 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........         -16          -19          -19          -19          -19 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Grain inspection user fees...................          23           23           10            7            7            7            7 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Other programs and unallocated overhead................         428          442          456          464          461          460          460 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Agricultural research and services.............       2,745        2,797        2,743        2,714        2,718        2,715        2,734 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Discretionary......................................       4,206        4,140        4,115        4,014        3,944        3,905        3,914 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Mandatory:                                                                                                                                            
    Farm income stabilization:                                                                                                                          
      Commodity Credit Corporation...........................       5,129        6,668        7,483        7,297        6,824        5,621        5,378 
      Crop insurance and other farm credit activities........       1,605        1,791        1,590        1,512        1,578        1,660        1,759 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........          26           22           23           25           25 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Crop insurance and other farm credit                                                                                                    
       activities............................................       1,605        1,791        1,616        1,534        1,601        1,685        1,784 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Credit liquidating accounts (ACIF and FAC).............      -1,301       -1,241       -1,190       -1,129       -1,073       -1,016       -1,011 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Farm income stabilization......................       5,433        7,218        7,909        7,702        7,352        6,290        6,151 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Agricultural research and services:                                                                                                                 
      Fund for Rural America (Proposed PAYGO legislation)....  ...........  ...........          50   ...........         -50   ...........  ...........
      Miscellaneous mandatory programs.......................         136          221          182          235          239          194          200 
      Offsetting receipts....................................        -148         -136         -137         -137         -137         -137         -137 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Agricultural research and services.............         -12           85           95           98           52           57           63 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Mandatory..........................................       5,421        7,303        8,004        7,800        7,404        6,347        6,214 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Agriculture........................................       9,627       11,443       12,119       11,814       11,348       10,252       10,128 
                                                              ==========================================================================================
370 Commerce and housing credit:                                                                                                                        
  Discretionary:                                                                                                                                        
    Mortgage credit:                                                                                                                                    
      Federal Housing Administration (FHA) Loan Subsidies....         905         -311          181          152          150          146          142 
      Other Housing and Urban Development....................           5            3            3            3            3            3            3 
      
[[Page 227]]

Rural housing insurance fund...........................         646          557          580          580          580          580          580 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Mortgage credit................................       1,556          249          764          735          733          729          725 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 228]]

    Postal service:                                                                                                                                     
      Payments to the Postal Service fund (On-budget)........          85           85           86           85           87           88           88 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Deposit insurance:                                                                                                                                  
      FSLIC Resolution Fund (transfer of balances)...........  ...........         -26          -34   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
      Other discretionary....................................          11            1   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Deposit insurance..............................          11          -25          -34   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Other advancement of commerce:                                                                                                                      
      Small and minority business assistance.................         516          555          556          554          554          554          555 
      Science and technology.................................         572          598          720          762          778          851          937 
      Economic and demographic statistics....................         330          392          713        1,154        2,620          527          452 
      Regulatory agencies....................................         251          140          155          160          150          152          153 
      International Trade Administration.....................         267          270          272          272          272          272          272 
      Other discretionary....................................         133           98           76           48           48           48           48 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Other advancement of commerce..................       2,069        2,053        2,492        2,950        4,422        2,404        2,417 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Discretionary......................................       3,721        2,362        3,308        3,770        5,242        3,221        3,230 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Mandatory:                                                                                                                                            
    Mortgage credit:                                                                                                                                    
      FHA and GNMA negative subsidies........................      -1,012   ...........      -1,315       -1,637       -1,712       -1,793       -1,953 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........         -52          -97         -137         -180         -228 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........        -370         -446         -404         -397         -395 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, FHA and GNMA negative subsidies..............      -1,012   ...........      -1,737       -2,180       -2,253       -2,370       -2,576 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      FHA Multifamily portfolio re-engineering (Proposed                                                                                                
       PAYGO Legislation)....................................  ...........  ...........        -665   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
      FHA Multifamily portfolio re-engineering (Proposed non-                                                                                           
       PAYGO Legislation)....................................  ...........  ...........         523          899          864   ...........  ...........
      Mortgage credit liquidating accounts...................         732          -10         -724          401          301        1,131        1,116 
      Other mortgage credit activities.......................          13           22   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Mortgage credit................................        -267           12       -2,603         -880       -1,088       -1,239       -1,460 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Postal service:                                                                                                                                     
      Payments to the Postal Service fund for nonfunded                                                                                                 
       liabilities (On-budget)...............................          37           36           35           33           32           30           29 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........         -35          -33          -32          -30          -29 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Payments to the Postal Service fund for                                                                                                 
       nonfunded liabilities (On-budget).....................          37           36   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Postal Service (Off-budget)............................       3,441        8,000        4,932        1,442        1,157        2,411        3,326 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........          35            8   ...........  ...........  ...........
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Postal Service (Off-budget)..................       3,441        8,000        4,967        1,450        1,157        2,411        3,326 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Postal service.................................       3,478        8,036        4,967        1,450        1,157        2,411        3,326 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Deposit insurance:                                                                                                                                  
       Total, Deposit insurance..............................  ...........  ...........         -79          -82          -86          -89          -93 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Other advancement of commerce:                                                                                                                      
      Universal Service Fund.................................         944        1,400        2,240        6,350       11,325       12,194       12,838 
      Payments to copyright owners...........................         223          243          245          255          263          271          282 
      Spectrum auction subsidy...............................           1          838          388   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
      Regulatory fees........................................         -41          -38          -38          -38          -38          -38          -38 
      Patent and trademark fees..............................        -111         -115         -119   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........  ...........        -119         -119         -119         -119 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Patent and trademark fees....................        -111         -115         -119         -119         -119         -119         -119 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Credit liquidating accounts............................          22   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
      Other mandatory........................................         370          102           43           44           96           97           99 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........         -69          -69          -69          -69          -69 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Other mandatory..............................         370          102          -26          -25           27           28           30 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Other advancement of commerce..................       1,408        2,430        2,690        6,423       11,458       12,336       12,993 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Mandatory..........................................       4,619       10,478        4,975        6,911       11,441       13,419       14,766 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Commerce and housing credit........................       8,340       12,840        8,283       10,681       16,683       16,640       17,996 
                                                              ==========================================================================================
400 Transportation:                                                                                                                                     
  Discretionary:                                                                                                                                        
    Ground transportation:                                                                                                                              
      Highways \1\...........................................         278           82          100          100          100          100          100 
      State infrastructure banks.............................  ...........         150          150          150          150          150          150 
      
[[Page 229]]

Highway safety \1\.....................................          10          111          148          148          148          148          148 
      Mass transit \1\.......................................       1,275          823          339          189          139          139          139 
      Railroads..............................................         868        1,032          897          897          897          897          897 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........         -60          -60          -60          -60          -60 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Railroads....................................         868        1,032          837          837          837          837          837 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Regulation.............................................          22           12   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Ground transportation..........................       2,453        2,210        1,574        1,424        1,374        1,374        1,374 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Air transportation:                                                                                                                                 
      Airports and airways (FAA).............................       6,695        7,027        7,111   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........          75        2,159        2,215        2,275        2,336 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........         225        6,475        6,647        6,824        7,006 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Airports and airways (FAA)...................       6,695        7,027        7,411        8,634        8,862        9,099        9,342 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Aeronautical research and technology...................       1,315        1,283        1,369        1,290        1,268        1,287        1,302 
      Payments to air carriers...............................         -23          -14          -39   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Air transportation.............................       7,987        8,296        8,741        9,924       10,130       10,386       10,644 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Water transportation:                                                                                                                               
      Marine safety and transportation.......................       2,708        2,784        2,861        2,861        2,861        2,861        2,861 
      Ocean shipping.........................................         135          130          123          123          123          123          123 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Water transportation...........................       2,843        2,914        2,984        2,984        2,984        2,984        2,984 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Other transportation:                                                                                                                               
      Other discretionary programs...........................         345          362          229          228          228          228          228 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........           1            1            1            1            1 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........           5            5            5            5            5 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Other discretionary programs.................         345          362          235          234          234          234          234 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Discretionary......................................      13,628       13,782       13,534       14,566       14,722       14,978       15,236 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Mandatory:                                                                                                                                            
    Ground transportation:                                                                                                                              
      Highways \1\...........................................      17,871       22,185       22,335       22,333       22,343       22,386       22,413 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........         152           21          -85         -156         -192 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Highways.....................................      17,871       22,185       22,487       22,354       22,258       22,230       22,221 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 230]]

      Highway safety \1\.....................................         266          270          331          331          331          331          331 
      Mass transit \1\.......................................       2,775        4,800        4,771        4,921        4,971        4,971        4,971 
      Offsetting receipts and liquidating accounts...........         -19          -25          -35          -26          -30          -30          -30 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Ground transportation..........................      20,893       27,230       27,554       27,580       27,530       27,502       27,493 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Air transportation:                                                                                                                                 
      Airports and airways (FAA).............................       1,550        2,230        2,397           50           50           50           50 
      Payments to air carriers...............................          39           39           89           50           50           50           50 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Air transportation.............................       1,589        2,269        2,486          100          100          100          100 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Water transportation:                                                                                                                               
      Coast Guard retired pay................................         579          612          646          676          710          746          782 
      Other water transportation programs....................         -43          -31          -21           20           22           25           25 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........          31          -30          -29          -29          -29 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Other water transportation programs..........         -43          -31           10          -10           -7           -4           -4 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Water transportation...........................         536          581          656          666          703          742          778 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Other transportation:                                                                                                                               
      Sale of Governor's Island and Union Station Air Rights                                                                                            
       (Proposed PAYGO Legislation)..........................  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........        -540 
      Other mandatory transportation programs................         -33          -32          -32          -32          -32          -32          -32 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Other transportation...........................         -33          -32          -32          -32          -32          -32         -572 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Mandatory..........................................      22,985       30,048       30,664       28,314       28,301       28,312       27,799 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Transportation.....................................      36,613       43,830       44,198       42,880       43,023       43,290       43,035 
                                                              ==========================================================================================
450 Community and regional development:                                                                                                                 
  Discretionary:                                                                                                                                        
    Community development:                                                                                                                              
      Community development loan guarantees..................          33           33           30           30           30           30           30 
      Community development block grant......................       4,650        4,600        4,600        4,600        4,100        4,100        4,100 
      Community development financial institutions...........          45           50          125          130          170          225          350 

[[Page 231]]

      Other community development programs...................         355          250          283          262          252          252          227 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........         100          100   ...........  ...........  ...........
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Other community development programs.........         355          250          383          362          252          252          227 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Community development..........................       5,083        4,933        5,138        5,122        4,552        4,607        4,707 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Area and regional development:                                                                                                                      
      Rural development......................................         777          790          867          878          897          916          936 
      Economic Development Administration....................         372          374          343          338          237          233          232 
      Indian programs........................................         968          935        1,036        1,036        1,036        1,036        1,036 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........           7   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Indian programs..............................         968          935        1,043        1,036        1,036        1,036        1,036 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Appalachian Regional Commission........................         170          160          165           70           70           70           70 
      Tennessee Valley Authority.............................         109          106          106   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Area and regional development..................       2,396        2,365        2,524        2,322        2,240        2,255        2,274 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Disaster relief and insurance:                                                                                                                      
      Small Business Administration disaster loans...........         331          327          173          192          192          192          192 
      Disaster relief........................................       3,393        1,320        2,708          320          320          320          320 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........          50           50           50           50           50 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Disaster relief..............................       3,393        1,320        2,758          370          370          370          370 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Other disaster assistance programs.....................         442          368          327          327          327          327          327 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Disaster relief and insurance..................       4,166        2,015        3,258          889          889          889          889 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Discretionary......................................      11,645        9,313       10,920        8,333        7,681        7,751        7,870 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Mandatory:                                                                                                                                            
    Community development:                                                                                                                              
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........         157   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 232]]

    Area and regional development:                                                                                                                      
      Indian programs........................................         490          544          457          461          468          474          476 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........          -7   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Indian programs..............................         490          544          450          461          468          474          476 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Rural development programs.............................         137          451            5           55           55            5            5 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........          50   ...........         -50   ...........  ...........
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Rural development programs...................         137          451           55           55            5            5            5 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Credit liquidating accounts............................         103          128          188          270          204          219           64 
      Offsetting receipts....................................        -359         -258         -254         -254         -258         -264         -268 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Area and regional development..................         371          865          439          532          419          434          277 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Disaster relief and insurance:                                                                                                                      
      National flood insurance fund..........................         527          114          -31          -52          -71          -93         -113 
      Credit liquidating accounts............................  ...........          -1           -1   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Disaster relief and insurance..................         527          113          -32          -52          -71          -93         -113 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Mandatory..........................................         898        1,135          407          480          348          341          164 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Community and regional development.................      12,543       10,448       11,327        8,813        8,029        8,092        8,034 
                                                              ==========================================================================================
500 Education, training, employment, and social services:                                                                                               
  Discretionary:                                                                                                                                        
    Elementary, secondary, and vocational education:                                                                                                    
      Education reform.......................................         530          691        1,245        1,261        1,208        1,045          687 
      School improvement programs............................       1,218        1,426        1,299        1,333        1,368        1,403        1,440 
      Education for the disadvantaged........................       5,896        7,690        8,077        8,287        8,502        8,723        8,950 
      Special education......................................       3,245        4,036        4,210        4,319        4,432        4,547        4,665 
      Impact aid.............................................         693          730          658          680          697          710          718 
      Vocational and adult education.........................       1,340        1,487        1,566        1,607        1,649        1,692        1,736 
      Indian education programs..............................         583          610          625          626          628          630          631 
      Bilingual and immigrant education......................         178          262          354          363          373          382          392 
      Other..................................................           7            7            7            7            7            7            7 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Elementary, secondary, and vocational education      13,690       16,939       18,041       18,483       18,864       19,139       19,226 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 233]]

    Higher education:                                                                                                                                   
      Student financial assistance...........................       6,258        7,560        9,263        8,752        8,972        9,193        9,422 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........  ...........         752          780          812          842 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Student financial assistance.................       6,258        7,560        9,263        9,504        9,752       10,005       10,264 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Higher education account...............................         837          879          903          926          949          972          995 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........         132          141          145          148          150 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Higher education account.....................         837          879        1,035        1,067        1,094        1,120        1,145 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Federal family education loan program..................          30           46           48           49           50           52           53 
      Other higher education programs........................         309          325          327          335          343          353          362 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Higher education...............................       7,434        8,810       10,673       10,955       11,239       11,530       11,824 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Research and general education aids:                                                                                                                
      Library of Congress....................................         254          258          277          278          281          284          290 
      Public broadcasting....................................         313          296          286          286          364          364          366 
      Smithsonian institution................................         459          461          515          457          457          457          457 
      Education research, statistics, and improvement........         351          598          511          519          528          541          527 
      Other..................................................         704          701          784          805          824          848          872 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Research and general education aids............       2,081        2,314        2,373        2,345        2,454        2,494        2,512 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Training and employment:                                                                                                                            
      Training and employment services.......................       4,140        4,716        5,295        5,349        5,411        5,492        5,631 
      Older Americans employment.............................         373          463   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
      Federal-State employment service.......................       1,192        1,249        1,252        1,208        1,180        1,196        1,219 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........         -50          -50          -50 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........          19           38           38           38           38 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Federal-State employment service.............       1,192        1,249        1,271        1,246        1,168        1,184        1,207 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Welfare to work jobs...................................  ...........  ...........           6            6            7            3   ...........
      
[[Page 234]]

Other employment and training..........................          83           81           86           86           86           86           86 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........           6           12           12           12           12 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Other employment and training................          83           81           92           98           98           98           98 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Training and employment........................       5,788        6,509        6,664        6,699        6,684        6,777        6,936 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Other labor services:                                                                                                                               
      Labor law, statistics, and other administration........         957        1,003        1,063        1,063        1,063        1,063        1,063 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Social services:                                                                                                                                    
      National service initiative............................         600          616          809          834          858          883          910 
      Children and families services programs................       4,766        5,364        5,499        5,751        6,013        6,301        6,599 
      Aging services program.................................         829          830        1,278        1,278        1,278        1,278        1,278 
      Other..................................................           2            2           25           12            2           -6          -13 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Social services................................       6,197        6,812        7,611        7,875        8,151        8,456        8,774 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Discretionary......................................      36,147       42,387       46,425       47,420       48,455       49,459       50,335 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Mandatory:                                                                                                                                            
    Elementary, secondary, and vocational education:                                                                                                    
      Vocational and adult education.........................           7            7            7            7            7            7            7 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........          -7           -7           -7           -7           -7 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Vocational and adult education...............           7            7   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      School construction (Proposed PAYGO legislation).......  ...........  ...........       5,000   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
      America Reads Challenge (Proposed PAYGO legislation)...  ...........  ...........         260          290          335          380          460 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Elementary, secondary, and vocational education           7            7        5,260          290          335          380          460 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Higher education:                                                                                                                                   
      Federal family education loan program..................       3,546          471        2,539        2,343        2,348        2,463        2,605 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........        -340       -1,192         -354         -418         -437       -1,548 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Federal family education loan program........       3,546          131        1,347        1,989        1,930        2,026        1,057 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 235]]

      Federal direct loan program............................         680          600        1,395        1,523        1,388        1,285        1,357 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........        -112          199          227          244          261 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Federal direct loan program..................         680          600        1,283        1,722        1,615        1,529        1,618 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Other higher education programs........................         -88          -79          -82          -78          -76          -76          -73 
      Credit liquidating account (Family education loan                                                                                                 
       program)..............................................       1,153   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Higher education...............................       5,291          652        2,548        3,633        3,469        3,479        2,602 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Research and general education aids:                                                                                                                
      Mandatory programs.....................................          21           17           18           21           22           21           22 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Training and employment:                                                                                                                            
      Trade adjustment assistance............................         123          114          119           97           97           97           97 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........  ...........          23           23           24           24 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Trade adjustment assistance..................         123          114          119          120          120          121          121 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Welfare to work jobs (Proposed PAYGO legislation)......  ...........  ...........         750        1,000        1,250   ...........  ...........
      Payments to States for AFDC work programs..............       1,000        1,000   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Training and employment........................       1,123        1,114          869        1,120        1,370          121          121 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Social services:                                                                                                                                    
      Payments to States for foster care and adoption                                                                                                   
       assistance............................................       4,322        4,445        4,311        4,631        4,986        5,345        5,773 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........  ...........           6           12           20           30 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Payments to States for foster care and                                                                                                  
       adoption assistance...................................       4,322        4,445        4,311        4,637        4,998        5,365        5,803 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Family support and preservation........................         225          240          255          255          255          255          255 
      Social services block grant............................       2,381        2,500        2,380        2,380        2,380        2,380        2,380 
      Rehabilitation services................................       2,456        2,509        2,583        2,653        2,722        2,794        2,870 

[[Page 236]]

      Other social services..................................          12           16           20           24           27           31           34 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Social services................................       9,396        9,710        9,549        9,949       10,382       10,825       11,342 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Mandatory..........................................      15,838       11,500       18,244       15,013       15,578       14,826       14,547 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Education, training, employment, and social                                                                                                   
    services.................................................      51,985       53,887       64,669       62,433       64,033       64,285       64,882 
                                                              ==========================================================================================
550 Health:                                                                                                                                             
  Discretionary:                                                                                                                                        
    Health care services:                                                                                                                               
      Substance abuse and mental health services.............       1,885        2,134        2,156        2,141        2,126        2,111        2,096 
      Indian health..........................................       1,984        2,054        2,122        2,132        2,142        2,152        2,162 
      Other discretionary health care services programs......       5,038        5,473        5,424        5,440        5,414        5,387        5,360 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Health care services...........................       8,907        9,661        9,702        9,713        9,682        9,650        9,618 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Health research and training:                                                                                                                       
      National Institutes of Health..........................      11,928       12,741       13,078       13,132       13,186       13,240       13,294 
      Clinical training......................................         261          295          133          126          123          120          118 
      Other health research and training.....................         231          307          286          281          277          273          269 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Health research and training...................      12,420       13,343       13,497       13,539       13,586       13,633       13,681 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Consumer and occupational health and safety:                                                                                                        
      Food safety and inspection.............................         545          574          591          591          591          591          591 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........        -390         -390         -390         -390         -390 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Food safety and inspection...................         545          574          201          201          201          201          201 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Occupational safety and health.........................         514          536          568          568          568          568          568 
      Other consumer health programs.........................         917          931          865          850          835          820          805 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........         237          252          267          282          297 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Other consumer health programs...............         917          931        1,102        1,102        1,102        1,102        1,102 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Consumer and occupational health and safety....       1,976        2,041        1,871        1,871        1,871        1,871        1,871 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Discretionary......................................      23,303       25,045       25,070       25,123       25,139       25,154       25,170 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 237]]

  Mandatory:                                                                                                                                            
    Health care services:                                                                                                                               
      Medicaid grants........................................      82,142      101,212       99,591      111,203      119,580      129,105      139,171 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........       1,456          412       -1,414       -3,884       -5,783 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Medicaid grants..............................      82,142      101,212      101,047      111,615      118,166      125,221      133,388 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Federal employees' and retired employees' health                                                                                                  
       benefits..............................................       3,727        3,067        4,318        4,432        4,649        5,015        5,414 
      Coal miners retirees health benefits...................         351          342          336          328          320          314          307 
      Health initiatives (Proposed PAYGO legislation)........  ...........  ...........       2,610        3,294        3,484        3,721          785 
      Other mandatory health services activities.............         332          413          356          312          324          336          347 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Health care services...........................      86,552      105,034      108,667      119,981      126,943      134,607      140,241 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Health research and safety:                                                                                                                         
      Health research and training...........................          14           38           32           29           28           26           22 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Mandatory..........................................      86,566      105,072      108,699      120,010      126,971      134,633      140,263 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Health.............................................     109,869      130,117      133,769      145,133      152,110      159,787      165,433 
                                                              ==========================================================================================
570 Medicare:                                                                                                                                           
  Discretionary:                                                                                                                                        
    Medicare:                                                                                                                                           
      Hospital insurance (HI) administrative expenses........       1,169        1,114        1,209        1,207        1,194        1,193        1,194 
      Supplementary medical insurance (SMI) administrative                                                                                              
       expenses..............................................       1,770        1,484        1,546        1,544        1,534        1,534        1,534 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Medicare.......................................       2,939        2,598        2,755        2,751        2,728        2,727        2,728 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Discretionary......................................       2,939        2,598        2,755        2,751        2,728        2,727        2,728 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Mandatory:                                                                                                                                            
    Medicare:                                                                                                                                           
      Hospital insurance (HI)................................     130,931      136,141      147,274      159,875      171,833      185,375      200,044 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........     -19,410      -25,470      -33,770      -38,450      -44,320 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Hospital insurance (HI)......................     130,931      136,141      127,864      134,405      138,063      146,925      155,724 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Supplementary medical insurance (SMI)..................      67,139       74,931       82,463       91,166      100,039      109,691      120,643 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........      14,889       14,578       13,059       13,288       14,047 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Supplementary medical insurance (SMI)........      67,139       74,931       97,352      105,744      113,098      122,979      134,690 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 238]]

      Medicare premiums and collections......................     -21,357      -19,600      -21,307      -22,416      -23,286      -24,192      -25,181 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........         211         -498       -1,439       -2,658       -4,277 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Medicare premiums and collections............     -21,357      -19,600      -21,096      -22,914      -24,725      -26,850      -29,458 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Medicare.......................................     176,713      191,472      204,120      217,235      226,436      243,054      260,956 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Mandatory..........................................     176,713      191,472      204,120      217,235      226,436      243,054      260,956 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Medicare...........................................     179,652      194,070      206,875      219,986      229,164      245,781      263,684 
                                                              ==========================================================================================
600 Income security:                                                                                                                                    
  Discretionary:                                                                                                                                        
    General retirement and disability insurance:                                                                                                        
      Railroad retirement....................................         319          300          284          264          248          233          219 
      Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation...................          11           10           11           11           11           11           11 
      Pension and Welfare Benefits Administration and other..          68           78           86           86           86           86           86 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, General retirement and disability insurance....         398          388          381          361          345          330          316 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Federal employee retirement and disability:                                                                                                         
      Civilian retirement and disability program                                                                                                        
       administrative expenses...............................          82           86           82           82           82           82           82 
      Armed forces retirement home...........................          56           56           80           73           56           56           56 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Federal employee retirement and disability.....         138          142          162          155          138          138          138 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Unemployment compensation:                                                                                                                          
      Unemployment programs administrative expenses..........       2,272        2,361        2,650        2,451        2,453        2,456        2,458 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Housing assistance:                                                                                                                                 
      Public and Indian housing performance funds............  ...........  ...........       2,500        2,520        2,555        2,590        2,626 
      Subsidized, public, homeless and other HUD housing.....      15,808       14,610       17,804       21,182       23,308       24,541       25,762 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........        -855         -573         -152   ...........  ...........
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Subsidized, public, homeless and other HUD                                                                                              
       housing...............................................      15,808       14,610       16,949       20,609       23,156       24,541       25,762 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Rural housing assistance...............................         601          579          664          747          841          843          900 

[[Page 239]]

      Other housing assistance...............................           1   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Housing assistance.............................      16,410       15,189       20,113       23,876       26,552       27,974       29,288 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Food and nutrition assistance:                                                                                                                      
      Special supplemental food program for women, infants,                                                                                             
       and children (WIC)....................................       3,694        3,830        4,108        4,140        4,248        4,358        4,472 
      Other nutrition programs...............................         525          513          510          496          486          476          476 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Food and nutrition assistance..................       4,219        4,343        4,618        4,636        4,734        4,834        4,948 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Other income assistance:                                                                                                                            
      Refugee assistance.....................................         413          427          396          396          396          396          396 
      Low income home energy assistance......................       1,080        1,005        1,000        1,000        1,000        1,000        1,000 
      Child care and development block grant.................         935           19        1,000        1,000        1,000        1,000        1,000 
      Supplemental security income (SSI) administrative                                                                                                 
       expenses..............................................       1,887        2,141        2,232        2,168        2,194        2,194        2,177 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........          40           70           80           80           90 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Supplemental security income (SSI)                                                                                                      
       administrative expenses...............................       1,887        2,141        2,272        2,238        2,274        2,274        2,267 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Other income assistance........................       4,315        3,592        4,668        4,634        4,670        4,670        4,663 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Discretionary......................................      27,752       26,015       32,592       36,113       38,892       40,402       41,811 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Mandatory:                                                                                                                                            
    General retirement and disability insurance:                                                                                                        
      Railroad retirement....................................       4,459        4,240        4,250        4,247        4,294        4,459        4,400 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........          31           46           46           47           47 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Railroad retirement..........................       4,459        4,240        4,281        4,293        4,340        4,506        4,447 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Special benefits for disabled coal miners..............       1,210        1,177        1,103        1,068        1,023          976          931 
      Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation...................         -11          -10          -11          -10          -11          -11          -12 
      Special workers' compensation expenses.................         129          150          151          158          168          175          183 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, General retirement and disability insurance....       5,787        5,557        5,524        5,509        5,520        5,646        5,549 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 240]]

    Federal employee retirement and disability:                                                                                                         
      Federal civilian employee retirement and disability....      40,387       42,081       44,117       46,288       48,307       50,369       52,646 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........        -278         -285         -293         -301         -309 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Federal civilian employee retirement and                                                                                                
       disability............................................      40,387       42,081       43,839       46,003       48,014       50,068       52,337 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Military retirement....................................      28,991       30,195       31,345       32,485       33,577       34,616       35,644 
      Federal employees workers' compensation (FECA).........         218          214          202          201          197          194          191 
      Federal employees life insurance fund..................          20           28           31           35           38           41           44 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Federal employee retirement and disability.....      69,616       72,518       75,417       78,724       81,826       84,919       88,216 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Unemployment compensation:                                                                                                                          
      Unemployment insurance programs........................      22,469       22,567       24,327       25,734       26,999       28,096       29,145 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........        -200         -200         -200 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Unemployment insurance programs..............      22,469       22,567       24,327       25,734       26,799       27,896       28,945 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Trade adjustment assistance............................         223          211          230          226          242          244          246 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........  ...........          17           24           25           26 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Trade adjustment assistance..................         223          211          230          243          266          269          272 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Unemployment compensation......................      22,692       22,778       24,557       25,977       27,065       28,165       29,217 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Housing assistance:                                                                                                                                 
      Mandatory housing assistance programs..................          20           46           46           46           44           44           43 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Food and nutrition assistance:                                                                                                                      
      Food stamps (including Puerto Rico)....................      27,661       27,624       27,540       28,732       29,518       30,420       31,304 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........         365          845          635          600          405          835 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Food stamps (including Puerto Rico)..........      27,661       27,989       28,385       29,367       30,118       30,825       32,139 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State child nutrition programs.........................       7,966        8,659        7,770        8,912        9,367        9,836       10,347 

[[Page 241]]

      Funds for strengthening markets, income, and supply                                                                                               
       (Sec.32)..............................................         588          423          461          417          417          417          417 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Food and nutrition assistance..................      36,215       37,071       36,616       38,696       39,902       41,078       42,903 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Other income support:                                                                                                                               
      Supplemental security income (SSI).....................      23,828       26,711       23,718       26,437       29,717       26,454       29,722 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........         224        1,703        1,820        2,092        1,904        2,181 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Supplemental security income (SSI)...........      23,828       26,935       25,421       28,257       31,809       28,358       31,903 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Family support payments................................      18,014        6,958          607        1,641        2,839        2,901        3,112 
      Federal share of child support collections.............  ...........        -839       -1,032       -1,097       -1,106       -1,110       -1,208 
      Temporary assistance for needy families and related                                                                                               
       programs..............................................         111       13,703       16,836       17,145       17,191       17,212       16,960 
      Child care entitlement to states.......................  ...........       1,967        2,175        2,270        2,463        2,653        2,791 
      Earned income tax credit (EITC)........................      19,159       21,163       21,983       22,864       23,818       24,634       25,518 
      Other assistance.......................................          37           32           66           65           68           69           69 
      SSI recoveries and receipts............................      -1,187       -1,324       -1,390       -1,452       -1,626       -1,474       -1,648 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Other income support...........................      59,962       68,595       64,666       69,693       75,456       73,243       77,497 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Mandatory..........................................     194,292      206,565      206,826      218,645      229,813      233,095      243,425 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Income security....................................     222,044      232,580      239,418      254,758      268,705      273,497      285,236 
                                                              ==========================================================================================
650 Social security:                                                                                                                                    
  Discretionary:                                                                                                                                        
    Social security:                                                                                                                                    
      Old-age and survivors insurance (OASI)administrative                                                                                              
       expenses..............................................       1,828        2,069        2,131        2,082        2,031        2,031        2,034 
      Disability insurance (DI) administrative expenses......       1,307        1,382        1,162        1,164        1,205        1,205        1,207 
      Office of the Inspector General--Social Security Adm...           5            6           10           10           10           10           10 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Social security................................       3,140        3,457        3,303        3,256        3,246        3,246        3,251 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Discretionary......................................       3,140        3,457        3,303        3,256        3,246        3,246        3,251 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Mandatory:                                                                                                                                            
    Social security:                                                                                                                                    
      Old-age and survivors insurance (OASI)(Off-budget).....     305,791      317,816      331,803      345,960      360,951      377,392      393,956 
      Quinquennial OASI and DI adjustments...................        -332   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........        -553   ...........

[[Page 242]]

      Disability insurance (DI)(Off-budget)..................      43,522       45,997       50,715       54,433       58,625       63,048       67,731 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........  ...........          -5            1            7           13 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Disability insurance (DI)(Off-budget)........      43,522       45,997       50,715       54,428       58,626       63,055       67,744 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Intragovernmental transactions.........................          15           10   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Social security................................     348,996      363,823      382,518      400,388      419,577      439,894      461,700 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Mandatory..........................................     348,996      363,823      382,518      400,388      419,577      439,894      461,700 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Social security....................................     352,136      367,280      385,821      403,644      422,823      443,140      464,951 
                                                              ==========================================================================================
700 Veterans benefits and services:                                                                                                                     
  Discretionary:                                                                                                                                        
    Veterans education, training, and rehabilitation:                                                                                                   
      Loan fund program account..............................           1            1            1            1            1            1            1 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Hospital and medical care for veterans:                                                                                                             
      Medical care and hospital services.....................      16,871       17,336       17,253       17,253       17,253       17,253       17,253 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........         591          670          749          825          903 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Medical care and hospital services...........      16,871       17,336       17,844       17,923       18,002       18,078       18,156 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Transfer in of collections for medical care (Proposed                                                                                             
       PAYGO legislation)....................................  ...........  ...........        -591         -670         -749         -825         -903 
      Construction of medical facilities.....................         373          453          319          287          287          287          287 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Hospital and medical care for veterans.........      17,244       17,789       17,572       17,540       17,540       17,540       17,540 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Veterans housing:                                                                                                                                   
      Housing program loan subsidies.........................         118          139          160          156          151          149          150 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Other veterans benefits and services:                                                                                                               
      Other general operating expenses.......................         996          981        1,017        1,022        1,023        1,012        1,015 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Discretionary \2\..................................      18,359       18,910       18,750       18,719       18,715       18,702       18,706 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 243]]

  Mandatory:                                                                                                                                            
    Income security for veterans:                                                                                                                       
      Compensation...........................................      15,415       16,163       16,438       16,577       16,662       16,746       16,830 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........         331          740        1,162        1,595        2,042 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........         -17          -38          -60          -76          -95 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Compensation.................................      15,415       16,163       16,752       17,279       17,764       18,265       18,777 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pensions...............................................       3,074        3,144        3,178        3,714        3,765        3,823        3,876 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........  ...........        -516         -539         -566         -592 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Pensions.....................................       3,074        3,144        3,178        3,198        3,226        3,257        3,284 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Burial benefits and miscellaneous assistance...........         114          117          119          121          124          127          130 
      National service life insurance trust fund.............       1,288        1,230        1,182        1,113        1,045          987          929 
      All other insurance programs...........................          50           46           57           56           55           55           54 
      Insurance program receipts.............................        -238         -258         -218         -207         -193         -178         -163 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Income security for veterans...................      19,703       20,442       21,070       21,560       22,021       22,513       23,011 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Veterans education, training, and rehabilitation:                                                                                                   
      Readjustment benefits (GI Bill and related programs)...       1,155        1,377        1,366        1,465        1,469        1,514        1,530 
      All-volunteer force educational assistance trust fund..        -143         -331         -224         -234         -235         -240         -234 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Veterans education, training, and                                                                                                         
        rehabilitation.......................................       1,012        1,046        1,142        1,231        1,234        1,274        1,296 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Hospital and medical care for veterans:                                                                                                             
      Fees, charges and other mandatory medical care.........        -432         -415         -468         -308         -355         -404         -452 
      Transfer out of collections for medical care (Proposed                                                                                            
       PAYGO legislation)....................................  ...........  ...........         468          309          356          403          452 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Hospital and medical care for veterans.........        -432         -415   ...........           1            1           -1   ...........
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Veterans housing:                                                                                                                                   
      Housing loan subsidies.................................          94         -581          192          396          386          377          374 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........         -29         -234         -229         -228         -223 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Housing loan subsidies.......................          94         -581          163          162          157          149          151 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 244]]

    Other veterans programs:                                                                                                                            
      Other mandatory veterans programs......................          27           34           41           41           80           65           32 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Mandatory..........................................      20,404       20,526       22,416       22,995       23,493       24,000       24,490 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Veterans benefits and services.....................      38,763       39,436       41,166       41,714       42,208       42,702       43,196 
                                                              ==========================================================================================
750 Administration of justice:                                                                                                                          
  Discretionary:                                                                                                                                        
    Federal law enforcement activities:                                                                                                                 
      Criminal investigations (DEA, FBI, FinCEN, ICDE).......       3,634        4,057        4,261        3,861        3,951        4,057        4,150 
      Alcohol, tobacco, and firearms investigations (ATF)....         393          468          552          497          514          525          552 
      Border enforcement activities (Customs and INS)........       3,198        3,785        4,143        3,536        3,636        3,738        3,857 
      Equal Employment Opportunity Commission................         233          240          246          246          246          246          246 
      Other law enforcement activities.......................       1,121        1,231        1,406        1,351        1,366        1,395        1,429 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Federal law enforcement activities \3\.........       8,579        9,781       10,608        9,491        9,713        9,961       10,234 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Federal litigative and judicial activities:                                                                                                         
      Civil and criminal prosecution and representation......       2,226        2,382        2,600        2,587        2,654        2,722        2,814 
      Representation of indigents in civil cases.............         278          283          340          349          359          368          378 
      Federal judicial and other litigative activities.......       2,841        3,046        3,410        3,511        3,609        3,708        3,808 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Federal litigative and judicial activities \3\.       5,345        5,711        6,350        6,447        6,622        6,798        7,000 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Correctional activities:                                                                                                                            
      Discretionary programs.................................       2,883        3,193        3,249        3,257        3,344        3,433        3,555 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Criminal justice assistance:                                                                                                                        
      Discretionary programs.................................       3,877        4,134        4,208        5,991        4,703        4,614        4,729 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Discretionary......................................      20,684       22,819       24,415       25,186       24,382       24,806       25,518 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Mandatory:                                                                                                                                            
    Federal law enforcement activities:                                                                                                                 
      Assets forfeiture fund.................................         304          350          367          362          372          381          391 
      Border enforcement activities (Customs and INS)........       1,270        1,599        1,489        1,497        1,550        1,604        1,661 
      Customs and INS fees...................................      -2,161       -2,261       -2,319       -2,390       -2,476       -2,542       -2,622 

[[Page 245]]

      Other mandatory law enforcement programs...............         288          294          309          309          312          315          318 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Federal law enforcement activities \3\.........        -299          -18         -154         -222         -242         -242         -252 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Federal litigative and judicial activities:                                                                                                         
      Mandatory programs.....................................         411          415          403          411          421          430          439 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Correctional activities:                                                                                                                            
      Mandatory programs.....................................          -2           -4           -4           -4           -4           -4           -5 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Criminal justice assistance:                                                                                                                        
      Mandatory programs.....................................         257          559          208          213          218          225          231 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Mandatory..........................................         367          952          453          398          393          409          413 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Administration of justice..........................      21,051       23,771       24,868       25,584       24,775       25,215       25,931 
                                                              ==========================================================================================
800 General government:                                                                                                                                 
  Discretionary:                                                                                                                                        
    Legislative functions:                                                                                                                              
      Legislative branch discretionary programs..............       1,829        1,878        2,068        2,084        2,101        2,113        2,124 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Executive direction and management:                                                                                                                 
      Drug control programs..................................          89          218          351          351          351          351          351 
      Executive Office of the President......................         179          176          195          195          195          195          195 
      Presidential transition and former Presidents..........           2            8            2            2            2            8            2 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Executive direction and management.............         270          402          548          548          548          554          548 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Central fiscal operations:                                                                                                                          
      Tax administration.....................................       7,335        7,031        7,869        7,776        7,283        7,295        7,308 
      Other fiscal operations................................         527          583          700          698          702          705          709 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Central fiscal operations......................       7,862        7,614        8,569        8,474        7,985        8,000        8,017 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    General property and records management:                                                                                                            
      Real property activities...............................          68          393           84   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
      Records management.....................................         203          214          213          213          213          213          213 
      Other general and records management...................         151          152          138          137          137          137          137 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, General property and records management........         422          759          435          350          350          350          350 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 246]]

    Central personnel management:                                                                                                                       
      Discretionary central personnel management programs....         154          150          148          148          148          148          148 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    General purpose fiscal assistance:                                                                                                                  
      Payments and loans to the District of Columbia.........         712          719          712          712          712          712          712 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........          58          -74          -65         -355         -346 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Payments and loans to the District of                                                                                                   
       Columbia..............................................         712          719          770          638          647          357          366 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Payments to States and counties from Federal land                                                                                                 
       management activities.................................          11           11           10           10           10           10           10 
      Payments in lieu of taxes..............................         114          114          102          102          102          102          102 
      Other..................................................           1            1            1            1            1            1            1 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, General purpose fiscal assistance..............         838          845          883          751          760          470          479 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Other general government:                                                                                                                           
      Discretionary programs.................................         164          159          158          159          160          161          162 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Discretionary......................................      11,539       11,807       12,809       12,514       12,052       11,796       11,828 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Mandatory:                                                                                                                                            
    Legislative functions:                                                                                                                              
      Congressional members compensation and other...........          96           95          102           94           96           96           95 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Central fiscal operations:                                                                                                                          
      Mandatory programs.....................................        -184         -142         -162         -164         -167         -169         -170 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........         -15          -10           -5           -5           -5 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Mandatory programs...........................        -184         -142         -177         -174         -172         -174         -175 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    General property and records management:                                                                                                            
      Mandatory programs.....................................          16           18           14           13           11           11           11 
      Offsetting receipts....................................         -23          -21          -21          -20          -18          -18          -18 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, General property and records management........          -7           -3           -7           -7           -7           -7           -7 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    General purpose fiscal assistance:                                                                                                                  
      Payments and loans to the District of Columbia.........         -12          -12          -12          -12          -12          -15   ...........
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 247]]

      Payments to States and counties........................         747          810          840          778          800          821          844 
      Payments to territories and Puerto Rico................         110          123          127          130          134          138          143 
      Tax revenues for Puerto Rico (Treasury, BATF)..........         221          230          230          230          230          230          230 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........  ...........          67          167          286          424 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Tax revenues for Puerto Rico (Treasury, BATF)         221          230          230          297          397          516          654 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Other general purpose fiscal assistance................          90           92           94           96           98          100          102 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, General purpose fiscal assistance..............       1,156        1,243        1,279        1,289        1,417        1,560        1,743 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Other general government:                                                                                                                           
      Territories............................................         175          268          167          165          167          169          169 
      Treasury claims........................................         509          750          635          635          615          615          615 
      Presidential election campaign fund....................          66           66           66           66           66           66           66 
      Other mandatory programs...............................         -63          -48          -60          -60          -60          -60          -60 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Other general government.......................         687        1,036          808          806          788          790          790 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Deductions for offsetting receipts:                                                                                                                 
      Offsetting receipts....................................      -1,694       -1,184       -1,184       -1,184       -1,184       -1,184       -1,184 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Mandatory..........................................          54        1,045          821          824          938        1,081        1,262 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, General government.................................      11,593       12,852       13,630       13,338       12,990       12,877       13,090 
                                                              ==========================================================================================
900 Net interest:                                                                                                                                       
  Mandatory:                                                                                                                                            
    Interest on the public debt:                                                                                                                        
      Interest on the public debt............................     343,955      356,740      365,344      370,406      369,987      369,816      367,643 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........         763        2,063        4,300        7,087        9,149 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Interest on the public debt..................     343,955      356,740      366,107      372,469      374,287      376,903      376,792 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 248]]

    Interest received by on-budget trust funds:                                                                                                         
      Civil service retirement and disability fund...........     -28,530      -30,727      -32,012      -32,757      -33,059      -33,493      -34,000 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........         -40         -110         -190         -277         -369 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Civil service retirement and disability fund.     -28,530      -30,727      -32,052      -32,867      -33,249      -33,770      -34,369 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Military retirement....................................     -11,501      -11,600      -11,800      -12,000      -12,300      -12,500      -12,700 
      Medicare...............................................     -11,777      -11,389      -10,314       -8,654       -6,405       -3,661       -1,562 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........        -302       -1,886       -4,004       -6,662       -8,584 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Medicare.....................................     -11,777      -11,389      -10,616      -10,540      -10,409      -10,323      -10,146 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Other on-budget trust funds............................      -9,061       -9,096       -8,876       -9,193       -9,427       -9,800      -10,175 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........        -402          -16          -29          -42          -57 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Other on-budget trust funds..................      -9,061       -9,096       -9,278       -9,209       -9,456       -9,842      -10,232 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Interest received by on-budget trust funds.....     -60,869      -62,812      -63,746      -64,616      -65,414      -66,435      -67,447 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Interest received by off-budget trust funds:                                                                                                        
      Interest received by social security trust funds.......     -36,507      -41,238      -45,199      -49,228      -53,181      -57,272      -61,554 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Other interest:                                                                                                                                     
      Interest on loans to Federal Financing Bank............      -6,458       -4,351       -3,958       -3,503       -3,121       -2,779       -2,425 
      Interest on refunds of tax collections.................       2,172        2,644        2,753        2,855        2,991        3,143        3,295 
      Payment to the Resolution Funding Corporation..........       2,328        2,328        2,328        2,328        2,328        2,328        2,328 
      Interest paid to loan guarantee financing accounts.....       2,350        2,438        2,452        2,491        2,541        2,601        2,674 
      Interest received from direct loan financing accounts..      -3,031       -4,391       -5,754       -7,045       -8,336       -9,661      -10,976 
      Interest on deposits in tax and loan accounts..........        -757         -736         -750         -750         -750         -750         -750 
      Interest received from Outer Continental Shelf escrow                                                                                             
       account, Interior.....................................          -1   ...........      -1,142   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........

[[Page 249]]

      All other interest.....................................      -2,091       -3,083       -3,232       -3,158       -3,142       -3,115       -3,175 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........        -157   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, All other interest...........................      -2,091       -3,240       -3,232       -3,158       -3,142       -3,115       -3,175 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Other interest.................................      -5,488       -5,308       -7,303       -6,782       -7,489       -8,233       -9,029 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Mandatory..........................................     241,091      247,382      249,859      251,843      248,203      244,963      238,762 
                                                              ==========================================================================================
950 Undistributed offsetting receipts:                                                                                                                  
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Mandatory:                                                                                                                                            
    Employer share, employee retirement (on-budget):                                                                                                    
      Contributions to military retirement fund..............     -11,174      -11,180      -10,544      -10,566      -10,730      -10,850      -11,078 
      Postal Service contributions to Civil Service                                                                                                     
       Retirement and Disability Fund........................      -5,712       -5,916       -6,103       -6,065       -6,280       -6,488       -6,733 
      Other contributions to civil and foreign service                                                                                                  
       retirement and disability fund........................      -7,991       -8,303       -8,535       -8,746       -9,153       -9,640      -10,178 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........        -621         -604         -588         -577         -567 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Other contributions to civil and foreign                                                                                                
       service retirement and disability fund................      -7,991       -8,303       -9,156       -9,350       -9,741      -10,217      -10,745 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Contributions to HI trust fund.........................      -2,382       -2,470       -2,625       -2,777       -2,942       -3,072       -3,259 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Employer share, employee retirement (on-budget)     -27,259      -27,869      -28,428      -28,758      -29,693      -30,627      -31,815 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Employer share, employee retirement (off-budget):                                                                                                   
      Contributions to social security trust funds...........      -6,278       -6,505       -7,028       -7,633       -8,356       -8,942       -9,781 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Rents and royalties on the Outer Continental Shelf:                                                                                                 
      OCS Receipts...........................................      -3,741       -4,152       -4,375       -4,036       -3,885       -4,050       -4,254 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Sale of major assets:                                                                                                                               
      Proceeds from Sale of U.S. Enrichment Corporation......  ...........  ...........      -1,800   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
      Privatization of Elk Hills.............................  ...........  ...........      -2,415   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........

[[Page 250]]

      Proceeds from sale of Power Marketing Administrations..  ...........  ...........         -85   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Sale of major assets...........................  ...........  ...........      -4,300   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Other undistributed offsetting receipts:                                                                                                            
      Spectrum Auction.......................................        -342       -7,961       -9,359       -1,304         -264         -132   ...........
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........      -2,100       -1,800       -3,800       -6,300      -22,100 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Spectrum Auction.............................        -342       -7,961      -11,459       -3,104       -4,064       -6,432      -22,100 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Mandatory..........................................     -37,620      -46,487      -55,590      -43,531      -45,998      -50,051      -67,950 
                                                              ==========================================================================================
Total........................................................   1,581,063    1,652,881    1,709,547    1,777,401    1,831,705    1,879,990    1,922,332 
                                                              ==========================================================================================
  On-budget..................................................  (1,274,092)  (1,332,287)  (1,378,612)  (1,437,280)  (1,477,932)  (1,509,376)  (1,535,315)
  Off-budget.................................................    (306,971)    (320,594)    (330,935)    (340,121)    (353,773)    (370,614)    (387,017)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Highway, highway safety, and transit programs are funded through mandatory contract authority and subject to obligation limitations that may be     
  lower than the budget authority shown above.                                                                                                          
\2\ Proposed legislation will supplement the budget authority with receipts (estimated at $0.5 billion in 1998).                                        
\3\ For 1999--2002, Federal law enforcement and Federal litigation and judicial totals do not include Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund spending. That 
  spending appears under the correctional activities and justice assistance subfunction pending decisions on specific allocation.                       

[[Page 251]]

                                                 Table 31-2.  OUTLAYS BY FUNCTION, CATEGORY AND PROGRAM                                                 
                                                                (in millions of dollars)                                                                
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                              Estimate                                  
                            Source                                 1996    -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                 Actual         1997         1998         1999         2000         2001         2002   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
050 National defense:                                                                                                                                   
  Discretionary:                                                                                                                                        
    Department of Defense--Military:                                                                                                                    
      Military personnel.....................................      66,669       70,053       69,346       69,839       73,865       70,285       74,769 
      Operation and maintenance..............................      88,754       92,135       92,574       91,636       91,553       93,090       91,912 
      Procurement............................................      48,913       45,575       43,142       44,647       47,616       51,641       55,399 
      Research, development, test and evaluation.............      36,494       36,034       34,645       35,152       33,960       33,158       33,552 
      Military construction..................................       6,683        6,568        5,593        5,171        4,512        4,258        3,860 
      Family housing.........................................       3,828        4,352        3,928        3,881        3,885        3,922        3,880 
      Revolving, management and trust funds..................       2,363        2,612          383          545          778          700         -998 
      General transfer authority.............................  ...........         280          220          100   ...........  ...........  ...........
      DOD-wide savings proposals.............................  ...........      -2,282       -1,315         -815   ...........  ...........  ...........
      Proposed legislation (non-PAYGO).......................  ...........  ...........  ...........          81         -168          -39           18 
      Discretionary offsetting receipts......................        -100         -102         -102          -92          -92          -92          -92 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Department of Defense--Military................     253,604      255,225      248,414      250,145      255,909      256,923      262,300 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Atomic energy defense activities:                                                                                                                   
      Weapons activities.....................................       3,873        4,020        3,660        3,513        3,419        3,370        3,329 
      Defense environmental restoration and waste management.       6,130        6,074        4,962        4,920        4,762        4,720        4,723 
      Defense nuclear waste disposal.........................         151          182          195          233          232          190          190 
      Other atomic energy defense activities.................       1,490        1,688        2,100        2,450        2,565        2,520        2,544 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Atomic energy defense activities...............      11,644       11,964       10,917       11,116       10,978       10,800       10,786 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Defense-related activities:                                                                                                                         
      Discretionary programs.................................         708          769          797          840          849          846          822 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Discretionary......................................     265,956      267,958      260,128      262,101      267,736      268,569      273,908 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Mandatory:                                                                                                                                            
    Department of Defense--Military:                                                                                                                    
      Revolving, trust and other DoD mandatory...............         166          116          145          152          151          151          151 
      Proceeds from sales from National Defense Stockpile                                                                                               
       (Proposed PAYGO legislation)..........................  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........        -200 
      Offsetting receipts....................................        -583       -1,069       -1,067       -1,029         -901         -901         -901 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Department of Defense--Military................        -417         -953         -922         -877         -750         -750         -950 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Atomic energy defense activities:                                                                                                                   
      Proceeds from sales of excess DOE assets...............          -5          -25          -15          -15          -15          -15          -15 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 252]]

    Defense-related activities:                                                                                                                         
      Mandatory programs.....................................         214          196          197          210          223          237          251 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Mandatory..........................................        -208         -782         -740         -682         -542         -528         -714 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, National defense...................................     265,748      267,176      259,388      261,419      267,194      268,041      273,194 
                                                              ==========================================================================================
150 International affairs:                                                                                                                              
  Discretionary:                                                                                                                                        
    International development, humanitarian assistance:                                                                                                 
      Development assistance and operating expenses..........       2,499        2,308        2,130        2,189        2,232        2,280        2,310 
      Multilateral development banks (MDB's).................       1,751        1,698        1,630        1,318        1,431        1,340        1,418 
      Assistance for the New Independent States..............         765          696          697          701          752          767          774 
      Food aid...............................................         798        1,094          880          892          913          936          960 
      Refugee programs.......................................         638          852          734          715          733          753          772 
      Assistance for Central and Eastern Europe..............         444          497          491          379          313          257          192 
      Voluntary contributions to international organizations.         302          287          342          365          365          365          365 
      Peace Corps............................................         213          239          223          226          233          239          245 
      Other development and humanitarian assistance..........         225          313          321          322          314          324          330 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, International development, humanitarian                                                                                                   
        assistance...........................................       7,635        7,984        7,448        7,107        7,286        7,261        7,366 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    International security assistance:                                                                                                                  
      Foreign military financing grants and loans............       3,012        3,252        3,505        3,542        3,486        3,404        3,344 
      Economic support fund..................................       2,237        2,465        2,423        2,475        2,480        2,441        2,467 
      Other security assistance..............................         196          203          205          199          191          174          174 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, International security assistance..............       5,445        5,920        6,133        6,216        6,157        6,019        5,985 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Conduct of foreign affairs:                                                                                                                         
      State Department operations............................       2,008        2,113        1,774        1,743        1,725        1,721        1,721 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........         506          566          589          595          595 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, State Department operations..................       2,008        2,113        2,280        2,309        2,314        2,316        2,316 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Foreign buildings......................................         496          435          403          391          368          373          373 
      Assessed contributions to international organizations..         903          886        1,021          902          900          925          925 
      Assessed contributions for international peacekeeping..         190          514          287          241          240          240          240 

[[Page 253]]

      Arrearage payment for international organizations and                                                                                             
       peacekeeping..........................................  ...........  ...........  ...........         921   ...........  ...........  ...........
      Other conduct of foreign affairs.......................         156          167          166          168          170          171          172 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Conduct of foreign affairs.....................       3,753        4,115        4,157        4,932        3,992        4,025        4,026 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Foreign information and exchange activities:                                                                                                        
      U.S. Information Agency................................       1,177        1,154        1,091        1,079        1,072        1,070        1,070 
      Other information and exchange activities..............           8            9            8            6            3            1   ...........
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Foreign information and exchange activities....       1,185        1,163        1,099        1,085        1,075        1,071        1,070 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    International financial programs:                                                                                                                   
      Export-Import Bank.....................................         436          492          524          526          531          532          528 
      Special defense acquisition fund.......................        -137         -134          -84          -22           12            4            1 
      Other IMF..............................................          19           26           24           22           19           16            7 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, International financial programs...............         318          384          464          526          562          552          536 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Discretionary......................................      18,336       19,566       19,301       19,866       19,072       18,928       18,983 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Mandatory:                                                                                                                                            
    International development, humanitarian assistance:                                                                                                 
      Credit liquidating accounts............................      -1,476       -1,472       -1,350       -1,253       -1,238       -1,221       -1,192 
      Other development and humanitarian assistance..........           1          -14          -12          -19          -12          -12          -12 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, International development, humanitarian                                                                                                   
        assistance...........................................      -1,475       -1,486       -1,362       -1,272       -1,250       -1,233       -1,204 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    International security assistance:                                                                                                                  
      Repayment of foreign military financing loans..........        -661         -637         -535         -364         -268         -183         -133 
      Foreign military loan liquidating account..............        -219         -203         -191         -189         -201         -229         -228 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, International security assistance..............        -880         -840         -726         -553         -469         -412         -361 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Foreign affairs and information:                                                                                                                    
      Conduct of foreign affairs.............................           8          -55           -4            7            3            3            3 
      U.S. Information Agency trust funds....................           1            1            1            1            1            1            1 

[[Page 254]]

      Japan-U.S. Friendship Commission.......................           1            1            1            1   ...........  ...........  ...........
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........          37   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Japan-U.S. Friendship Commission.............           1            1           38            1   ...........  ...........  ...........
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Foreign affairs and information................          10          -53           35            9            4            4            4 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    International financial programs:                                                                                                                   
      Foreign military sales trust fund (net)................        -424         -100         -120           30           80          130          120 
      International monetary fund............................         675   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
      Exchange stabilization fund............................      -1,643       -1,660       -1,745       -1,715       -1,749       -1,764       -1,820 
      Credit liquidating account (Exim)......................      -1,048         -497         -368         -350         -265         -238         -176 
      Other international financial programs.................         -55         -108         -110         -112         -190         -142          -50 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, International financial programs...............      -2,495       -2,365       -2,343       -2,147       -2,124       -2,014       -1,926 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Mandatory..........................................      -4,840       -4,744       -4,396       -3,963       -3,839       -3,655       -3,487 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, International affairs..............................      13,496       14,822       14,905       15,903       15,233       15,273       15,496 
                                                              ==========================================================================================
250 General science, space, and technology:                                                                                                             
  Discretionary:                                                                                                                                        
    General science and basic research:                                                                                                                 
      National Science Foundation programs...................       2,934        3,176        3,153        3,263        3,299        3,313        3,322 
      Department of Energy general science programs..........       1,054          989          988        1,001          998          996          996 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, General science and basic research.............       3,988        4,165        4,141        4,264        4,297        4,309        4,318 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Space flight, research, and supporting activities:                                                                                                  
      Science, aeronautics and technology....................       4,199        4,483        4,574        4,843        4,835        4,902        4,971 
      Human space flight.....................................       5,452        5,420        5,604        5,246        5,089        4,876        4,733 
      Mission support........................................       2,035        2,039        2,066        1,972        1,905        1,935        2,024 
      Other NASA programs....................................       1,007          406           65           66           29           29           19 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Space flight, research, and supporting                                                                                                    
        activities...........................................      12,693       12,348       12,309       12,127       11,858       11,742       11,747 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Discretionary......................................      16,681       16,513       16,450       16,391       16,155       16,051       16,065 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 255]]

  Mandatory:                                                                                                                                            
    General science and basic research:                                                                                                                 
      National Science Foundation donations..................          28           38           38           31           31           31           31 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Mandatory..........................................          28           38           38           31           31           31           31 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, General science, space, and technology.............      16,709       16,551       16,488       16,422       16,186       16,082       16,096 
                                                              ==========================================================================================
270 Energy:                                                                                                                                             
  Discretionary:                                                                                                                                        
    Energy supply:                                                                                                                                      
      Research and development...............................       3,832        3,467        3,475        3,433        3,395        3,268        3,125 
      Naval petroleum reserves operations....................         170          154          134          117           69           48           48 
      Uranium enrichment activities..........................         439          299          254          224          195          190          190 
      Decontamination transfer...............................        -350         -377         -388         -398         -410         -421         -435 
      Nuclear waste program..................................         195          166          186          190          190          190          190 
      Federal power marketing................................         329          269          232          240          237          226          211 
      Rural electric and telephone discretionary loans.......         124          137          102           81           66           61           55 
      Financial management services..........................          29           18           48           68           72           70           67 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Energy supply..................................       4,768        4,133        4,043        3,955        3,814        3,632        3,451 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Energy conservation and preparedness:                                                                                                               
      Energy conservation....................................         624          565          589          668          690          689          689 
      Emergency energy preparedness..........................         141           31          226          215          214          214          214 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Energy conservation and preparedness...........         765          596          815          883          904          903          903 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Energy information, policy, and regulation:                                                                                                         
      Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC)....................          57           20           18           19           19           19           19 
      Federal Energy Regulatory Commission fees and                                                                                                     
       recoveries, and other.................................         -52          -31          -22          -22          -23          -24          -24 
      Departmental and other administration..................         420          248          191          191          189          189          189 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Energy information, policy, and regulation.....         425          237          187          188          185          184          184 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Discretionary......................................       5,958        4,966        5,045        5,026        4,903        4,719        4,538 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 256]]

  Mandatory:                                                                                                                                            
    Energy supply:                                                                                                                                      
      Naval petroleum reserves oil and gas sales.............        -419         -444         -175          -20          -10          -10          -10 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........           2            2            2 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Naval petroleum reserves oil and gas sales...        -419         -444         -175          -20           -8           -8           -8 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Federal power marketing................................        -943         -818         -853         -776         -750         -754         -799 
      Tennessee Valley Authority.............................         650         -111         -285         -303         -434         -436         -443 
      United States Enrichment Corporation...................        -278   ...........        -100          -89          -80         -100         -940 
      Nuclear waste fund program.............................        -628         -649         -655         -657         -659         -660         -660 
      Rural electric and telephone liquidating accounts......      -1,504         -891         -698       -1,868         -890       -1,061         -863 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Energy supply..................................      -3,122       -2,913       -2,766       -3,713       -2,821       -3,019       -3,713 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Emergency energy preparedness:                                                                                                                      
      Lease excess SPR capacity (Proposed PAYGO Legislation).  ...........  ...........  ...........         -14          -37          -67          -83 
      Sale of Weeks Island Oil (Proposed PAYGO Legislation)..  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........      -1,145 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Emergency energy preparedness..................  ...........  ...........  ...........         -14          -37          -67       -1,228 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Mandatory..........................................      -3,122       -2,913       -2,766       -3,727       -2,858       -3,086       -4,941 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Energy.............................................       2,836        2,053        2,279        1,299        2,045        1,633         -403 
                                                              ==========================================================================================
300 Natural resources and environment:                                                                                                                  
  Discretionary:                                                                                                                                        
    Water resources:                                                                                                                                    
      Corps of Engineers.....................................       3,676        3,631        3,361        3,300        3,321        3,322        3,313 
      Bureau of Reclamation..................................         769          975          803          886          885          835          742 
      Other discretionary water resources programs...........         369          358          186          169          164          164          169 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........          -7          -14          -14          -14          -14 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Other discretionary water resources programs.         369          358          179          155          150          150          155 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Water resources................................       4,814        4,964        4,343        4,341        4,356        4,307        4,210 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Conservation and land management:                                                                                                                   
      Forest Service.........................................       2,331        2,600        2,379        2,385        2,426        2,471        2,520 

[[Page 257]]

      Management of public lands (BLM).......................         915        1,109        1,002        1,016        1,037        1,061        1,082 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........          15           36           39 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Management of public lands (BLM).............         915        1,109        1,002        1,016        1,052        1,097        1,121 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Conservation of agricultural lands.....................         773          806          739          709          707          704          687 
      Other conservation and land management programs........         600          596          642          677          687          687          637 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Conservation and land management...............       4,619        5,111        4,762        4,787        4,872        4,959        4,965 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Recreational resources:                                                                                                                             
      Operation of recreational resources....................       2,290        2,295        2,403        2,417        2,444        2,497        2,550 
      Other recreational resources activities................          23           34           40           40           40           40           40 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Recreational resources.........................       2,313        2,329        2,443        2,457        2,484        2,537        2,590 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Pollution control and abatement:                                                                                                                    
      Regulatory, enforcement, and research programs.........       2,273        2,589        2,641        2,703        2,814        2,858        2,898 
      State and tribal assistance grants.....................       2,573        2,500        2,522        2,655        2,821        2,985        2,863 
      Hazardous substance superfund..........................       1,416        1,376        1,551        1,751        1,690        1,551        1,498 
      Other control and abatement activities.................         151          126          133          137          139          141          141 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Pollution control and abatement................       6,413        6,591        6,847        7,246        7,464        7,535        7,400 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Other natural resources:                                                                                                                            
      NOAA...................................................       2,027        1,936        2,042        2,106        2,177        2,075        2,086 
      Other natural resource program activities..............         761          797          752          760          760          758          758 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Other natural resources........................       2,788        2,733        2,794        2,866        2,937        2,833        2,844 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Discretionary......................................      20,947       21,728       21,189       21,697       22,113       22,171       22,009 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Mandatory:                                                                                                                                            
    Water resources:                                                                                                                                    
      Mandatory water resource programs......................        -197           44         -147          -44          -81          -74          -98 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 258]]

    Conservation and land management:                                                                                                                   
      Conservation Reserve Program...........................       1,739        2,010        2,219        2,182        2,268        2,270        2,261 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........         -25          -25          -25          -25          -25 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Conservation Reserve Program.................       1,739        2,010        2,194        2,157        2,243        2,245        2,236 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Other conservation programs............................         894          810          734          552          535          533          533 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........          16           -1            5            4            3 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Other conservation programs..................         894          810          750          551          540          537          536 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Offsetting receipts....................................      -1,856       -2,011       -2,079       -2,115       -2,129       -2,156       -2,200 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........         -35          -77          -98          -70          -70 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Offsetting receipts..........................      -1,856       -2,011       -2,114       -2,192       -2,227       -2,226       -2,270 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Conservation and land management...............         777          809          830          516          556          556          502 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Recreational resources:                                                                                                                             
      Operation of recreational resources....................         599          711          735          742          696          711          730 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........          16           16           74           76           84 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Operation of recreational resources..........         599          711          751          758          770          787          814 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Offsetting receipts....................................        -239         -294         -308         -317         -236         -236         -240 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........          -1           -1          -78          -80          -88 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Offsetting receipts..........................        -239         -294         -309         -318         -314         -316         -328 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Recreational resources.........................         360          417          442          440          456          471          486 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Pollution control and abatement:                                                                                                                    
      Superfund resources and other mandatory................        -233         -143         -124         -100         -100         -101         -101 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........         142          162          184          192          200 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Superfund resources and other mandatory......        -233         -143           18           62           84           91           99 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 259]]

    Other natural resources:                                                                                                                            
      Other fees and mandatory programs......................         -40          -82          -18          -37          -42          -40          -42 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Mandatory..........................................         667        1,045        1,125          937          973        1,004          947 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Natural resources and environment..................      21,614       22,773       22,314       22,634       23,086       23,175       22,956 
                                                              ==========================================================================================
350 Agriculture:                                                                                                                                        
  Discretionary:                                                                                                                                        
    Farm income stabilization:                                                                                                                          
      Agriculture credit insurance loan subsidies............         409          370          321          318          318          318          318 
      P.L.480 market development activities..................         286          162          118           93           90           90           90 
      Administrative expenses................................         756          842          926          959          889          858          857 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........         -34          -52          -58          -70          -83 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Administrative expenses......................         756          842          892          907          831          788          774 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Farm income stabilization......................       1,451        1,374        1,331        1,318        1,239        1,196        1,182 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Agricultural research and services:                                                                                                                 
      Research programs......................................       1,175        1,255        1,262        1,267        1,255        1,240        1,220 
      Extension programs.....................................         403          419          420          418          418          418          418 
      Marketing programs.....................................          42           40           45           52           51           51           51 
      Animal and plant inspection programs...................         481          429          444          443          431          431          431 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........         -10          -10          -10          -10          -10 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Animal and plant inspection programs.........         481          429          434          433          421          421          421 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Economic intelligence..................................         128          150          172          163          157          148          154 
      Grain inspection user fees.............................          22           23           26           26           26           26           26 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........         -16          -19          -19          -19          -19 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Grain inspection user fees...................          22           23           10            7            7            7            7 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Other programs and unallocated overhead................         434          430          469          464          465          461          461 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Agricultural research and services.............       2,685        2,746        2,812        2,804        2,774        2,746        2,732 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Discretionary......................................       4,136        4,120        4,143        4,122        4,013        3,942        3,914 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 260]]

  Mandatory:                                                                                                                                            
    Farm income stabilization:                                                                                                                          
      Commodity Credit Corporation...........................       4,634        5,836        7,739        7,278        6,774        5,573        5,299 
      Crop insurance and other farm credit activities........       1,573        1,589        1,528        1,472        1,455        1,520        1,605 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........           4           23           23           25           25 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Crop insurance and other farm credit                                                                                                    
       activities............................................       1,573        1,589        1,532        1,495        1,478        1,545        1,630 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Credit liquidating accounts (ACIF and FAC).............      -1,181       -1,325       -1,155       -1,213       -1,164       -1,113       -1,117 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Farm income stabilization......................       5,026        6,100        8,116        7,560        7,088        6,005        5,812 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Agricultural research and services:                                                                                                                 
      Fund for Rural America (Proposed PAYGO legislation)....  ...........  ...........          13           20   ...........         -15          -12 
      Miscellaneous mandatory programs.......................         145          168          206          205          228          226          216 
      Offsetting receipts....................................        -148         -136         -137         -137         -137         -137         -137 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Agricultural research and services.............          -3           32           82           88           91           74           67 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Mandatory..........................................       5,023        6,132        8,198        7,648        7,179        6,079        5,879 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Agriculture........................................       9,159       10,252       12,341       11,770       11,192       10,021        9,793 
                                                              ==========================================================================================
370 Commerce and housing credit:                                                                                                                        
  Discretionary:                                                                                                                                        
    Mortgage credit:                                                                                                                                    
      Federal Housing Administration (FHA) Loan Subsidies....         398         -242          274          238          241          222          213 
      Other Housing and Urban Development....................           1            2            3            3            3            3            3 
      Rural housing insurance fund...........................         671          626          609          584          579          579          578 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Mortgage credit................................       1,070          386          886          825          823          804          794 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Postal service:                                                                                                                                     
      Payments to the Postal Service fund (On-budget)........          85           85           86           85           87           88           88 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Deposit insurance:                                                                                                                                  
      FSLIC Resolution Fund (transfer of balances)...........           4   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
      Other discretionary....................................           7            1   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Deposit insurance..............................          11            1   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 261]]

    Other advancement of commerce:                                                                                                                      
      Small and minority business assistance.................         505          541          558          553          553          553          553 
      Science and technology.................................         595          708          680          703          741          776          818 
      Economic and demographic statistics....................         306          371          644        1,063        2,701          578          447 
      Regulatory agencies....................................         178          173          152          154          149          150          150 
      International Trade Administration.....................         246          261          267          274          272          272          272 
      Other discretionary....................................         151           84           90           98           78           61           64 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Other advancement of commerce..................       1,981        2,138        2,391        2,845        4,494        2,390        2,304 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Discretionary......................................       3,147        2,610        3,363        3,755        5,404        3,282        3,186 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Mandatory:                                                                                                                                            
    Mortgage credit:                                                                                                                                    
      FHA and GNMA negative subsidies........................      -1,012   ...........      -1,315       -1,637       -1,712       -1,793       -1,953 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........         -52          -97         -137         -180         -228 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........        -370         -446         -404         -397         -395 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, FHA and GNMA negative subsidies..............      -1,012   ...........      -1,737       -2,180       -2,253       -2,370       -2,576 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      FHA Multifamily portfolio re-engineering (Proposed                                                                                                
       PAYGO Legislation)....................................  ...........  ...........        -665   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
      FHA Multifamily portfolio re-engineering (Proposed non-                                                                                           
       PAYGO Legislation)....................................  ...........  ...........         523          899          864         -888       -1,069 
      Mortgage credit liquidating accounts...................      -4,824       -3,624         -629       -1,153       -1,367       -1,537       -1,475 
      Other mortgage credit activities.......................          13           18            5            2   ...........  ...........  ...........
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Mortgage credit................................      -5,823       -3,606       -2,503       -2,432       -2,756       -4,795       -5,120 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Postal service:                                                                                                                                     
      Payments to the Postal Service fund for nonfunded                                                                                                 
       liabilities (On-budget)...............................          37           36           35           33           32           30           29 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........         -35          -33          -32          -30          -29 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Payments to the Postal Service fund for                                                                                                 
       nonfunded liabilities (On-budget).....................          37           36   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 262]]

      Postal Service (Off-budget)............................        -626        1,976        4,059          844         -171       -1,760       -1,343 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........          35            8   ...........  ...........  ...........
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Postal Service (Off-budget)..................        -626        1,976        4,094          852         -171       -1,760       -1,343 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Postal service.................................        -589        2,012        4,094          852         -171       -1,760       -1,343 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Deposit insurance:                                                                                                                                  
      Resolution Trust Corporation Fund......................      -2,428   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
      Bank Insurance Fund....................................      -1,089       -3,528       -1,100          156         -293         -834         -864 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........         -81          -87          168   ...........  ...........
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Bank Insurance Fund..........................      -1,089       -3,528       -1,181           69         -125         -834         -864 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      FSLIC Resolution Fund..................................      -3,610       -3,834       -2,241       -1,834         -902         -906         -543 
      Savings Association Insurance Fund.....................      -1,060       -4,535         -406          -65           56          354          124 
      National Credit Union Administration...................        -179         -169         -172         -168         -168         -168         -168 
      Other deposit insurance activities.....................         -39            9   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Deposit insurance..............................      -8,405      -12,057       -4,000       -1,998       -1,139       -1,554       -1,451 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Other advancement of commerce:                                                                                                                      
      Universal Service Fund.................................         957        1,400        2,240        6,350       11,325       12,194       12,838 
      Payments to copyright owners...........................           5          180          278          220          220          220          220 
      Spectrum auction subsidy...............................           1          838          388   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
      Regulatory fees........................................         -41          -38          -38          -38          -38          -38          -38 
      Patent and trademark fees..............................        -111         -115         -119   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........  ...........        -119         -119         -119         -119 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Patent and trademark fees....................        -111         -115         -119         -119         -119         -119         -119 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Credit liquidating accounts............................         -85          -82         -259         -180          -90          -88          -85 
      Other mandatory........................................         298           50          -16          -18           33           34           36 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........         -69          -69          -69          -69          -69 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Other mandatory..............................         298           50          -85          -87          -36          -35          -33 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Other advancement of commerce..................       1,024        2,233        2,405        6,146       11,262       12,134       12,783 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Mandatory..........................................     -13,793      -11,418           -4        2,568        7,196        4,025        4,869 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Commerce and housing credit........................     -10,646       -8,808        3,359        6,323       12,600        7,307        8,055 
                                                              ==========================================================================================

[[Page 263]]

400 Transportation:                                                                                                                                     
  Discretionary:                                                                                                                                        
    Ground transportation:                                                                                                                              
      Highways...............................................      17,838       17,830       18,265       18,206       18,214       18,107       18,094 
      State infrastructure banks.............................  ...........          22          109           84           97          124          154 
      Highway safety.........................................         348          400          420          445          433          434          434 
      Mass transit...........................................       4,372        4,464        3,879        3,929        4,062        4,240        4,395 
      Railroads..............................................       1,012          917        1,029        1,090          902          900          899 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........         -60          -60          -60          -60          -60 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Railroads....................................       1,012          917          969        1,030          842          840          839 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Regulation.............................................          21           16            1   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Ground transportation..........................      23,591       23,649       23,643       23,694       23,648       23,745       23,916 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Air transportation:                                                                                                                                 
      Airports and airways (FAA).............................       8,926        8,554        8,500        3,070        1,289          631          389 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........          66        1,422        1,884        2,088        2,215 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........         198        4,263        5,653        6,263        6,645 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Airports and airways (FAA)...................       8,926        8,554        8,764        8,755        8,826        8,982        9,249 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Aeronautical research and technology...................       1,187        1,348        1,285        1,326        1,391        1,419        1,466 
      Payments to air carriers...............................          22           27           10   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Air transportation.............................      10,135        9,929       10,059       10,081       10,217       10,401       10,715 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Water transportation:                                                                                                                               
      Marine safety and transportation.......................       2,734        2,611        2,747        2,824        2,838        2,855        2,863 
      Ocean shipping.........................................         297          294          192          203          184          131          133 
      Panama Canal Commission................................         -34          -26          -32           -1           39           19   ...........
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Water transportation...........................       2,997        2,879        2,907        3,026        3,061        3,005        2,996 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Other transportation:                                                                                                                               
      Other discretionary programs...........................         341          355          228          225          228          228          228 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........           1            1            1            1            1 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........           5            6            5            5            5 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Other discretionary programs.................         341          355          234          232          234          234          234 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Discretionary......................................      37,064       36,812       36,843       37,033       37,160       37,385       37,861 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 264]]

  Mandatory:                                                                                                                                            
    Ground transportation:                                                                                                                              
      Highways...............................................       2,082        1,967        1,834        1,586        1,386        1,227        1,115 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........          15           56           35          -22          -82 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Highways.....................................       2,082        1,967        1,849        1,642        1,421        1,205        1,033 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Mass transit...........................................           1   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
      Offsetting receipts and liquidating accounts...........         -24          -25          -35          -26          -30          -30          -30 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Ground transportation..........................       2,059        1,942        1,814        1,616        1,391        1,175        1,003 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Air transportation:                                                                                                                                 
      Airports and airways (FAA).............................  ...........  ...........          50           50           50           50           50 
      Payments to air carriers...............................  ...........  ...........          30           50           50           50           50 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Air transportation.............................  ...........  ...........          80          100          100          100          100 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Water transportation:                                                                                                                               
      Coast Guard retired pay................................         569          592          635          671          705          741          776 
      Other water transportation programs....................        -106          -53         -102           29           22           25           25 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........          20          -34          -29          -29          -29 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Other water transportation programs..........        -106          -53          -82           -5           -7           -4           -4 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Water transportation...........................         463          539          553          666          698          737          772 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Other transportation:                                                                                                                               
      Sale of Governor's Island and Union Station Air Rights                                                                                            
       (Proposed PAYGO Legislation)..........................  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........        -540 
      Other mandatory transportation programs................         -21          -31          -31          -31          -32          -32          -32 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Other transportation...........................         -21          -31          -31          -31          -32          -32         -572 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Mandatory..........................................       2,501        2,450        2,416        2,351        2,157        1,980        1,303 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Transportation.....................................      39,565       39,262       39,259       39,384       39,317       39,365       39,164 
                                                              ==========================================================================================
450 Community and regional development:                                                                                                                 
  Discretionary:                                                                                                                                        
    Community development:                                                                                                                              
      Community development loan guarantees..................           1           23           35           31           30           30           30 
      Community development block grant......................       4,545        4,837        4,641        4,845        4,633        4,438        4,216 

[[Page 265]]

      Community development financial institutions...........           2           63           66           96          130          157          209 
      Other community development programs...................         291          379          329          301          258          251          251 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........           2           36           80           59           17 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Other community development programs.........         291          379          331          337          338          310          268 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Community development..........................       4,839        5,302        5,073        5,309        5,131        4,935        4,723 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Area and regional development:                                                                                                                      
      Rural development......................................         741          850          849          800          815          826          862 
      Economic Development Administration....................         415          466          410          405          366          321          290 
      Indian programs........................................         980          962          973        1,006        1,029        1,036        1,036 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........           7   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Indian programs..............................         980          962          980        1,006        1,029        1,036        1,036 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Appalachian Regional Commission........................         236          197          188          183          145          106          100 
      Tennessee Valley Authority.............................         107          109          107           70           17           12   ...........
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Area and regional development..................       2,479        2,584        2,534        2,464        2,372        2,301        2,288 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Disaster relief and insurance:                                                                                                                      
      Small Business Administration disaster loans...........         434          311          263          188          192          192          192 
      Disaster relief........................................       2,232        3,593        3,323        2,999        1,453          320          320 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........           5           25           45           50           50 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Disaster relief..............................       2,232        3,593        3,328        3,024        1,498          370          370 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Other disaster assistance programs.....................         384          462          344          332          327          327          327 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Disaster relief and insurance..................       3,050        4,366        3,935        3,544        2,017          889          889 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Discretionary......................................      10,368       12,252       11,542       11,317        9,520        8,125        7,900 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 266]]

  Mandatory:                                                                                                                                            
    Community development:                                                                                                                              
      Pennsylvania Avenue activities and other programs......         111          186           85   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........         157   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Pennsylvania Avenue activities and other                                                                                                
       programs..............................................         111          343           85   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Credit liquidating accounts............................         -90          -34          -43          -41          -38          -37          -35 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Community development..........................          21          309           42          -41          -38          -37          -35 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Area and regional development:                                                                                                                      
      Indian programs........................................         351          500          438          438          454          459          459 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........          -7   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Indian programs..............................         351          500          431          438          454          459          459 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Rural development programs.............................          68          428           13           31           41           38           23 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........          12           20   ...........         -15          -13 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Rural development programs...................          68          428           25           51           41           23           10 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Credit liquidating accounts............................         128         -286           64          227          207          200           46 
      Offsetting receipts....................................        -359         -258         -254         -254         -258         -264         -268 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Area and regional development..................         188          384          266          462          444          418          247 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Disaster relief and insurance:                                                                                                                      
      National flood insurance fund..........................         310           77          -69          -93         -114         -139         -160 
      Credit liquidating accounts............................        -202         -270         -346         -245         -166           -2           -2 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Disaster relief and insurance..................         108         -193         -415         -338         -280         -141         -162 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Mandatory..........................................         317          500         -107           83          126          240           50 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Community and regional development.................      10,685       12,752       11,435       11,400        9,646        8,365        7,950 
                                                              ==========================================================================================
500 Education, training, employment, and social services:                                                                                               
  Discretionary:                                                                                                                                        
    Elementary, secondary, and vocational education:                                                                                                    
      Education reform.......................................         271          691          730        1,249        1,255        1,199        1,036 
      School improvement programs............................       1,246        1,516        1,396        1,407        1,353        1,365        1,400 

[[Page 267]]

      Education for the disadvantaged........................       7,019        7,235        7,476        8,169        8,318        8,481        8,702 
      Special education......................................       3,222        3,426        3,753        4,270        4,289        4,404        4,519 
      Impact aid.............................................         952          901          701          688          689          710          727 
      Vocational and adult education.........................       1,341        1,589        1,487        1,554        1,602        1,645        1,688 
      Indian education programs..............................         622          610          601          630          626          628          630 
      Bilingual and immigrant education......................         185          225          276          341          361          372          381 
      Other..................................................           6           13           11            7            7            7            7 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Elementary, secondary, and vocational education      14,864       16,206       16,431       18,315       18,500       18,811       19,090 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Higher education:                                                                                                                                   
      Student financial assistance...........................       6,862        7,599        8,165        9,283        8,887        9,009        9,231 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........  ...........         150          742          781          809 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Student financial assistance.................       6,862        7,599        8,165        9,433        9,629        9,790       10,040 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Higher education account...............................         846          880          881          901          923          946          968 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........          16          107          137          144          148 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Higher education account.....................         846          880          897        1,008        1,060        1,090        1,116 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Federal family education loan program..................          41           41           44           48           50           51           53 
      Other higher education programs........................         323          316          328          336          345          354          362 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Higher education...............................       8,072        8,836        9,434       10,825       11,084       11,285       11,571 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Research and general education aids:                                                                                                                
      Library of Congress....................................         252          269          278          261          265          268          272 
      Public broadcasting....................................         324          316          297          291          363          363          364 
      Smithsonian institution................................         431          469          470          495          488          485          474 
      Education research, statistics, and improvement........         311          412          551          526          522          530          538 
      Other..................................................         882          799          764          795          808          834          858 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Research and general education aids............       2,200        2,265        2,360        2,368        2,446        2,480        2,506 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Training and employment:                                                                                                                            
      Training and employment services.......................       4,296        4,718        4,737        5,094        5,310        5,408        5,491 
      Older Americans employment.............................         382          407          354           37   ...........  ...........  ...........

[[Page 268]]

      Federal-State employment service.......................       1,241        1,201        1,226        1,222        1,228        1,205        1,206 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........         -50          -50          -50 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........          19           38           38           38           38 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Federal-State employment service.............       1,241        1,201        1,245        1,260        1,216        1,193        1,194 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Welfare to work jobs...................................  ...........  ...........           5            6            7            3   ...........
      Other employment and training..........................          81           78           80           86           85           85           85 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........           6           12           12           12           12 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Other employment and training................          81           78           86           98           97           97           97 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Training and employment........................       6,000        6,404        6,427        6,495        6,630        6,701        6,782 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Other labor services:                                                                                                                               
      Labor law, statistics, and other administration........         925        1,004        1,053        1,052        1,054        1,054        1,053 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Social services:                                                                                                                                    
      National service initiative............................         478          504          612          700          795          825          850 
      Children and families services programs................       4,751        5,067        5,392        5,611        5,840        6,104        6,397 
      Aging services program.................................         818          851          914        1,249        1,278        1,278        1,278 
      Other..................................................          12            7            5           13            5           -3          -11 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Social services................................       6,059        6,429        6,923        7,573        7,918        8,204        8,514 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Discretionary......................................      38,120       41,144       42,628       46,628       47,632       48,535       49,516 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Mandatory:                                                                                                                                            
    Elementary, secondary, and vocational education:                                                                                                    
      Vocational and adult education.........................           7            9            7            7            7            7            7 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........          -1           -7           -7           -7           -7 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Vocational and adult education...............           7            9            6   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      School construction (Proposed PAYGO legislation).......  ...........  ...........       1,250        1,250        1,250        1,250   ...........
      America Reads Challenge (Proposed PAYGO legislation)...  ...........  ...........          31          212          284          331          380 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

       Total, Elementary, secondary, and vocational education           7            9        1,287        1,462        1,534        1,581          380 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 269]]

    Higher education:                                                                                                                                   
      Federal family education loan program..................       3,007          322        2,351        2,194        2,130        2,196        2,316 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........        -340         -994         -418         -396         -408       -1,515 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Federal family education loan program........       3,007          -18        1,357        1,776        1,734        1,788          801 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Federal direct loan program............................         595          412        1,126        1,353        1,342        1,242        1,262 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........         -56           70          170          199          221 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Federal direct loan program..................         595          412        1,070        1,423        1,512        1,441        1,483 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Other higher education programs........................         -98          -82          -86          -80          -80          -79          -78 
      Credit liquidating account (Family education loan                                                                                                 
       program)..............................................         615            6         -414         -541         -558         -595         -583 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Higher education...............................       4,119          318        1,927        2,578        2,608        2,555        1,623 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Research and general education aids:                                                                                                                
      Mandatory programs.....................................          15           18           18           20           20           19           20 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Training and employment:                                                                                                                            
      Trade adjustment assistance............................          99          107          110          108          101           97           97 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........  ...........           9           19           23           24 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Trade adjustment assistance..................          99          107          110          117          120          120          121 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Welfare to work jobs (Proposed PAYGO legislation)......  ...........  ...........         600          975        1,000          400           25 
      Payments to States for AFDC work programs..............         931          324           89           10   ...........  ...........  ...........
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Training and employment........................       1,030          431          799        1,102        1,120          520          146 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Social services:                                                                                                                                    
      Payments to States for foster care and adoption                                                                                                   
       assistance............................................       3,691        3,789        4,071        4,391        4,766        5,162        5,583 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Family support and preservation........................         126          186          227          247          253          255          255 
      Social services block grant............................       2,484        2,694        2,621        2,611        2,607        2,453        2,380 
      Rehabilitation services................................       2,411        2,702        2,626        2,653        2,703        2,775        2,850 

[[Page 270]]

      Other social services..................................          -2   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Social services................................       8,710        9,371        9,545        9,902       10,329       10,645       11,068 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Mandatory..........................................      13,881       10,147       13,576       15,064       15,611       15,320       13,237 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Education, training, employment, and social                                                                                                   
    services.................................................      52,001       51,291       56,204       61,692       63,243       63,855       62,753 
                                                              ==========================================================================================
550 Health:                                                                                                                                             
  Discretionary:                                                                                                                                        
    Health care services:                                                                                                                               
      Substance abuse and mental health services.............       2,084        1,880        2,064        2,140        2,134        2,120        2,105 
      Indian health..........................................       2,027        2,117        2,091        2,122        2,136        2,147        2,159 
      Other discretionary health care services programs......       5,722        5,305        5,348        5,452        5,441        5,412        5,384 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Health care services...........................       9,833        9,302        9,503        9,714        9,711        9,679        9,648 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Health research and training:                                                                                                                       
      National Institutes of Health..........................      10,212       12,146       12,786       13,076       13,169       13,205       13,252 
      Clinical training......................................         291          288          228          144          132          122          120 
      Other health research and training.....................         306          247          284          295          283          278          274 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Health research and training...................      10,809       12,681       13,298       13,515       13,584       13,605       13,646 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Consumer and occupational health and safety:                                                                                                        
      Food safety and inspection.............................         533          572          591          591          591          591          591 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........        -390         -390         -390         -390         -390 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Food safety and inspection...................         533          572          201          201          201          201          201 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Occupational safety and health.........................         489          534          564          567          568          568          568 
      Other consumer health programs.........................         908          961          897          856          840          824          809 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........         237          252          267          282          297 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Other consumer health programs...............         908          961        1,134        1,108        1,107        1,106        1,106 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Consumer and occupational health and safety....       1,930        2,067        1,899        1,876        1,876        1,875        1,875 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Discretionary......................................      22,572       24,050       24,700       25,105       25,171       25,159       25,169 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 271]]

  Mandatory:                                                                                                                                            
    Health care services:                                                                                                                               
      Medicaid grants........................................      91,990       98,503      104,456      111,203      119,580      129,105      139,171 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........          39        1,417          412       -1,414       -3,884       -5,783 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Medicaid grants..............................      91,990       98,542      105,873      111,615      118,166      125,221      133,388 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Federal employees' and retired employees' health                                                                                                  
       benefits..............................................       4,135        4,300        4,415        4,440        4,520        4,845        5,284 
      Coal miners retirees health benefits...................         351          342          336          328          320          314          307 
      Health initiatives (Proposed PAYGO legislation)........  ...........  ...........       2,523        3,257        3,473        3,709          785 
      Other mandatory health services activities.............         313          336          362          322          317          332          324 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Health care services...........................      96,789      103,520      113,509      119,962      126,796      134,421      140,088 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Health research and safety:                                                                                                                         
      Health research and training...........................          18           60           32           28           27           25           21 
      Consumer and occupational health and safety............          -1   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Health research and safety.....................          17           60           32           28           27           25           21 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Mandatory..........................................      96,806      103,580      113,541      119,990      126,823      134,446      140,109 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Health.............................................     119,378      127,630      138,241      145,095      151,994      159,605      165,278 
                                                              ==========================================================================================
570 Medicare:                                                                                                                                           
  Discretionary:                                                                                                                                        
    Medicare:                                                                                                                                           
      Hospital insurance (HI) administrative expenses........       1,188        1,154        1,213        1,202        1,194        1,194        1,201 
      Supplementary medical insurance (SMI) administrative                                                                                              
       expenses..............................................       1,765        1,546        1,540        1,529        1,517        1,518        1,521 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Medicare.......................................       2,953        2,700        2,753        2,731        2,711        2,712        2,722 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Discretionary......................................       2,953        2,700        2,753        2,731        2,711        2,712        2,722 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Mandatory:                                                                                                                                            
    Medicare:                                                                                                                                           
      Hospital insurance (HI)................................     126,495      136,317      147,473      159,482      171,999      185,579      199,625 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........     -19,410      -25,470      -33,770      -38,450      -44,320 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Hospital insurance (HI)......................     126,495      136,317      128,063      134,012      138,229      147,129      155,305 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 272]]

      Supplementary medical insurance (SMI)..................      67,181       74,941       82,475       91,145      100,047      109,702      120,621 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........      14,889       14,578       13,059       13,288       14,047 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Supplementary medical insurance (SMI)........      67,181       74,941       97,364      105,723      113,106      122,990      134,668 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Medicare premiums and collections......................     -22,404      -19,702      -21,307      -22,416      -23,286      -24,192      -25,181 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........         211         -498       -1,439       -2,658       -4,277 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Medicare premiums and collections............     -22,404      -19,702      -21,096      -22,914      -24,725      -26,850      -29,458 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Medicare.......................................     171,272      191,556      204,331      216,821      226,610      243,269      260,515 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Mandatory..........................................     171,272      191,556      204,331      216,821      226,610      243,269      260,515 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Medicare...........................................     174,225      194,256      207,084      219,552      229,321      245,981      263,237 
                                                              ==========================================================================================
600 Income security:                                                                                                                                    
  Discretionary:                                                                                                                                        
    General retirement and disability insurance:                                                                                                        
      Railroad retirement....................................         312          300          284          264          248          233          219 
      Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation...................          11           10           11           11           11           11           11 
      Pension and Welfare Benefits Administration and other..          64           82           85           86           86           86           86 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, General retirement and disability insurance....         387          392          380          361          345          330          316 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Federal employee retirement and disability:                                                                                                         
      Civilian retirement and disability program                                                                                                        
       administrative expenses...............................          81           92           90           82           82           82           82 
      Armed forces retirement home...........................          56           61           65           71           72           58           56 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Federal employee retirement and disability.....         137          153          155          153          154          140          138 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Unemployment compensation:                                                                                                                          
      Unemployment programs administrative expenses..........       2,315        2,361        2,570        2,531        2,453        2,456        2,458 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Housing assistance:                                                                                                                                 
      Public and Indian housing performance funds............  ...........  ...........          13          323          961        1,549        2,046 

[[Page 273]]

      Subsidized, public, homeless and other HUD housing.....      26,094       28,338       29,041       29,271       28,862       27,935       27,235 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........        -375         -814       -1,213         -838         -571 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Subsidized, public, homeless and other HUD                                                                                              
       housing...............................................      26,094       28,338       28,666       28,457       27,649       27,097       26,664 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Rural housing assistance...............................         565          607          629          656          702          744          784 
      Other housing assistance...............................           1            1   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Housing assistance.............................      26,660       28,946       29,308       29,436       29,312       29,390       29,494 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Food and nutrition assistance:                                                                                                                      
      Special supplemental food program for women, infants,                                                                                             
       and children (WIC)....................................       3,678        3,860        3,997        4,130        4,240        4,350        4,464 
      Other nutrition programs...............................         508          548          509          497          487          477          476 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Food and nutrition assistance..................       4,186        4,408        4,506        4,627        4,727        4,827        4,940 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Other income assistance:                                                                                                                            
      Refugee assistance.....................................         361          429          405          399          398          397          396 
      Low income home energy assistance......................       1,067        1,097          996        1,000        1,000        1,000        1,000 
      Child care and development block grant.................         933          959          998          998        1,000        1,000        1,000 
      Supplemental security income (SSI) administrative                                                                                                 
       expenses..............................................       1,949        2,133        2,213        2,185        2,196        2,194        2,178 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........          37           67           79           80           89 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Supplemental security income (SSI)                                                                                                      
       administrative expenses...............................       1,949        2,133        2,250        2,252        2,275        2,274        2,267 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Other income assistance........................       4,310        4,618        4,649        4,649        4,673        4,671        4,663 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Discretionary......................................      37,995       40,878       41,568       41,757       41,664       41,814       42,009 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Mandatory:                                                                                                                                            
    General retirement and disability insurance:                                                                                                        
      Railroad retirement....................................       4,365        4,235        4,245        4,246        4,375        4,546        4,485 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........          31           46           46           47           47 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Railroad retirement..........................       4,365        4,235        4,276        4,292        4,421        4,593        4,532 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Special benefits for disabled coal miners..............       1,216        1,181        1,116        1,072        1,026          980          934 

[[Page 274]]

      Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation...................        -862       -1,320       -1,296       -1,284       -1,053       -1,041       -1,066 
      Special workers' compensation expenses.................         128          143          144          150          159          166          174 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, General retirement and disability insurance....       4,847        4,239        4,240        4,230        4,553        4,698        4,574 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Federal employee retirement and disability:                                                                                                         
      Federal civilian employee retirement and disability....      40,141       41,889       43,922       45,969       47,993       50,039       52,293 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........        -278         -285         -293         -301         -309 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Federal civilian employee retirement and                                                                                                
       disability............................................      40,141       41,889       43,644       45,684       47,700       49,738       51,984 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Military retirement....................................      28,831       30,105       31,251       32,389       33,477       34,512       35,537 
      Federal employees workers' compensation (FECA).........          61          118          134          154          220          192          264 
      Federal employees life insurance fund..................      -1,077       -1,051       -1,200       -1,134       -1,116       -1,105       -1,087 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Federal employee retirement and disability.....      67,956       71,061       73,829       77,093       80,281       83,337       86,698 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Unemployment compensation:                                                                                                                          
      Unemployment insurance programs........................      22,393       22,556       24,327       25,734       26,999       28,096       29,145 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........        -200         -200         -200 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Unemployment insurance programs..............      22,393       22,556       24,327       25,734       26,799       27,896       28,945 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Trade adjustment assistance............................         190          200          230          226          242          244          246 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........  ...........          17           24           25           26 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Trade adjustment assistance..................         190          200          230          243          266          269          272 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Unemployment compensation......................      22,583       22,756       24,557       25,977       27,065       28,165       29,217 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Housing assistance:                                                                                                                                 
      Mandatory housing assistance programs..................          94          100           93           -4           -6           -6           -7 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 275]]

    Food and nutrition assistance:                                                                                                                      
      Food stamps (including Puerto Rico)....................      25,422       24,500       25,034       26,147       27,017       27,919       28,802 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........         362          836          659          600          405          835 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Food stamps (including Puerto Rico)..........      25,422       24,862       25,870       26,806       27,617       28,324       29,637 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State child nutrition programs.........................       7,875        8,258        8,485        8,854        9,304        9,770       10,275 
      Funds for strengthening markets, income, and supply                                                                                               
       (Sec.32)..............................................         450          467          416          417          417          417          417 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........         -10          -11          -11          -11          -11 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Funds for strengthening markets, income, and                                                                                            
       supply (Sec.32).......................................         450          467          406          406          406          406          406 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Food and nutrition assistance..................      33,747       33,587       34,761       36,066       37,327       38,500       40,318 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Other income support:                                                                                                                               
      Supplemental security income (SSI).....................      24,125       26,563       25,500       26,793       29,717       26,454       29,722 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........         224        1,703        1,820        2,092        1,904        2,181 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Supplemental security income (SSI)...........      24,125       26,787       27,203       28,613       31,809       28,358       31,903 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Family support payments................................      16,670        6,426        3,024        2,708        2,815        2,899        3,090 
      Federal share of child support collections.............  ...........        -839       -1,032       -1,097       -1,106       -1,110       -1,208 
      Temporary assistance for needy families and related                                                                                               
       programs..............................................  ...........      12,388       16,682       17,500       17,266       17,232       16,997 
      Child care entitlement to states.......................  ...........       1,592        1,922        2,088        2,227        2,212        2,442 
      Earned income tax credit (EITC)........................      19,159       21,163       21,983       22,864       23,818       24,634       25,518 
      Other assistance.......................................  ...........          41           59           54           67           68           69 
      SSI recoveries and receipts............................      -1,187       -1,324       -1,390       -1,452       -1,626       -1,474       -1,648 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Other income support...........................      58,767       66,234       68,451       71,278       75,270       72,819       77,163 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Mandatory..........................................     187,994      197,977      205,931      214,640      224,490      227,513      237,963 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Income security....................................     225,989      238,855      247,499      256,397      266,154      269,327      279,972 
                                                              ==========================================================================================

[[Page 276]]

650 Social security:                                                                                                                                    
  Discretionary:                                                                                                                                        
    Social security:                                                                                                                                    
      Old-age and survivors insurance (OASI)administrative                                                                                              
       expenses..............................................       1,588        2,114        2,157        2,167        2,091        2,031        2,034 
      Disability insurance (DI) administrative expenses......       1,033        1,360        1,236        1,195        1,217        1,205        1,207 
      Office of the Inspector General--Social Security Adm...           4            7           10           10           17           17           17 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Social security................................       2,625        3,481        3,403        3,372        3,325        3,253        3,258 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Discretionary......................................       2,625        3,481        3,403        3,372        3,325        3,253        3,258 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Mandatory:                                                                                                                                            
    Social security:                                                                                                                                    
      Old-age and survivors insurance (OASI)(Off-budget).....     303,864      317,376      330,517      344,515      359,469      375,844      392,349 
      Quinquennial OASI and DI adjustments...................        -332   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........        -553   ...........
      Disability insurance (DI)(Off-budget)..................      43,517       46,846       50,418       54,107       58,266       62,672       67,337 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........  ...........          -5            1            7           13 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Disability insurance (DI)(Off-budget)........      43,517       46,846       50,418       54,102       58,267       62,679       67,350 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Intragovernmental transactions.........................           2           10   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Social security................................     347,051      364,232      380,935      398,617      417,736      437,970      459,699 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Mandatory..........................................     347,051      364,232      380,935      398,617      417,736      437,970      459,699 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Social security....................................     349,676      367,713      384,338      401,989      421,061      441,223      462,957 
                                                              ==========================================================================================
700 Veterans benefits and services:                                                                                                                     
  Discretionary:                                                                                                                                        
    Veterans education, training, and rehabilitation:                                                                                                   
      Loan fund program account..............................           2            2            2            1            1            1            1 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Hospital and medical care for veterans:                                                                                                             
      Medical care and hospital services.....................      16,343       17,356       17,004       17,217       17,255       17,253       17,253 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........         591          670          749          825          903 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Medical care and hospital services...........      16,343       17,356       17,595       17,887       18,004       18,078       18,156 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 277]]

      Transfer in of collections for medical care (Proposed                                                                                             
       PAYGO legislation)....................................  ...........  ...........        -591         -670         -749         -825         -903 
      Construction of medical facilities.....................         696          547          470          399          344          308          292 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Hospital and medical care for veterans.........      17,039       17,903       17,474       17,616       17,599       17,561       17,545 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Veterans housing:                                                                                                                                   
      Housing program loan subsidies.........................         118          139          160          156          151          149          150 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Other veterans benefits and services:                                                                                                               
      Other general operating expenses.......................       1,006        1,027        1,007        1,018        1,020        1,013        1,014 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Discretionary......................................      18,165       19,071       18,643       18,791       18,771       18,724       18,710 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Mandatory:                                                                                                                                            
    Income security for veterans:                                                                                                                       
      Compensation...........................................      14,220       16,160       16,436       16,566       17,899       15,439       16,816 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........         298          773        1,162        1,524        2,005 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........         -17          -38          -60          -76          -95 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Compensation.................................      14,220       16,160       16,717       17,301       19,001       16,887       18,726 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Pensions...............................................       2,834        3,140        3,177        3,706        4,020        3,515        3,866 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........  ...........        -516         -539         -566         -592 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Pensions.....................................       2,834        3,140        3,177        3,190        3,481        2,949        3,274 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Burial benefits and miscellaneous assistance...........         114          117          119          121          124          127          130 
      National service life insurance trust fund.............       1,240        1,323        1,304        1,319        1,322        1,308        1,293 
      All other insurance programs...........................          31           58           65           63          -15          -11           -9 
      Insurance program receipts.............................        -238         -258         -218         -207         -193         -178         -163 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Income security for veterans...................      18,201       20,540       21,164       21,787       23,720       21,082       23,251 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Veterans education, training, and rehabilitation:                                                                                                   
      Readjustment benefits (GI Bill and related programs)...       1,213        1,342        1,409        1,462        1,469        1,512        1,529 
      Post-Vietnam era education.............................          27           80           33           21           16           10            9 
      All-volunteer force educational assistance trust fund..        -128         -345         -224         -234         -235         -240         -234 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Veterans education, training, and                                                                                                         
        rehabilitation.......................................       1,112        1,077        1,218        1,249        1,250        1,282        1,304 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 278]]

    Hospital and medical care for veterans:                                                                                                             
      Fees, charges and other mandatory medical care.........        -453         -416         -470         -311         -360         -408         -456 
      Transfer out of collections for medical care (Proposed                                                                                            
       PAYGO legislation)....................................  ...........  ...........         468          309          356          403          452 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Hospital and medical care for veterans.........        -453         -416           -2           -2           -4           -5           -4 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Veterans housing:                                                                                                                                   
      Housing loan subsidies.................................          94         -581          192          396          386          377          374 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........         -29         -234         -229         -228         -223 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Housing loan subsidies.......................          94         -581          163          162          157          149          151 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Housing loan liquidating account.......................        -146          -75         -126          -90          -67          -49          -32 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........        -127   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Housing loan liquidating account.............        -146          -75         -253          -90          -67          -49          -32 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Veterans housing...............................         -52         -656          -90           72           90          100          119 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Other veterans programs:                                                                                                                            
      Other mandatory veterans programs......................          12           34           38           38           77           61           28 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Mandatory..........................................      18,820       20,579       22,328       23,144       25,133       22,520       24,698 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Veterans benefits and services.....................      36,985       39,650       40,971       41,935       43,904       41,244       43,408 
                                                              ==========================================================================================
750 Administration of justice:                                                                                                                          
  Discretionary:                                                                                                                                        
    Federal law enforcement activities:                                                                                                                 
      Criminal investigations (DEA, FBI, FinCEN, ICDE).......       3,263        3,503        3,887        3,952        4,019        4,031        4,126 
      Alcohol, tobacco, and firearms investigations (ATF)....         396          456          504          523          539          526          548 
      Border enforcement activities (Customs and INS)........       2,869        3,729        3,892        3,673        3,681        3,713        3,829 
      Equal Employment Opportunity Commission................         225          256          245          246          246          246          246 
      Other law enforcement activities.......................       1,044        1,149        1,336        1,350        1,347        1,369        1,400 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Federal law enforcement activities \1\.........       7,797        9,093        9,864        9,744        9,832        9,885       10,149 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 279]]

    Federal litigative and judicial activities:                                                                                                         
      Civil and criminal prosecution and representation......       2,222        2,292        2,524        2,596        2,648        2,708        2,796 
      Representation of indigents in civil cases.............         282          257          330          347          357          366          376 
      Federal judicial and other litigative activities.......       2,927        3,123        3,322        3,505        3,604        3,703        3,803 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Federal litigative and judicial activities \1\.       5,431        5,672        6,176        6,448        6,609        6,777        6,975 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Correctional activities:                                                                                                                            
      Discretionary programs.................................       3,082        3,151        3,318        3,727        3,677        3,615        3,655 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Criminal justice assistance:                                                                                                                        
      Discretionary programs.................................       1,274        2,101        4,304        5,478        5,915        5,369        4,777 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Discretionary......................................      17,584       20,017       23,662       25,397       26,033       25,646       25,556 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Mandatory:                                                                                                                                            
    Federal law enforcement activities:                                                                                                                 
      Assets forfeiture fund.................................         390          379          352          402          399          399          399 
      Border enforcement activities (Customs and INS)........       1,108        1,392        1,476        1,484        1,536        1,590        1,646 
      Customs and INS fees...................................      -2,161       -2,261       -2,319       -2,390       -2,476       -2,542       -2,622 
      Other mandatory law enforcement programs...............         278          296          294          294          301          304          307 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Federal law enforcement activities \1\.........        -385         -194         -197         -210         -240         -249         -270 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Federal litigative and judicial activities:                                                                                                         
      Mandatory programs.....................................         246          623          479          445          452          460          471 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Correctional activities:                                                                                                                            
      Mandatory programs.....................................         -69          -47          -31          -26          -26          -26          -27 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Criminal justice assistance:                                                                                                                        
      Mandatory programs.....................................         172          385          315          330          214          219          226 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Mandatory..........................................         -36          767          566          539          400          404          400 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Administration of justice..........................      17,548       20,784       24,228       25,936       26,433       26,050       25,956 
                                                              ==========================================================================================
800 General government:                                                                                                                                 
  Discretionary:                                                                                                                                        
    Legislative functions:                                                                                                                              
      Legislative branch discretionary programs..............       1,873        1,938        2,056        2,083        2,098        2,111        2,122 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Executive direction and management:                                                                                                                 
      Drug control programs..................................          73          118          265          283          282          282          282 

[[Page 280]]

      Executive Office of the President......................         178          179          198          197          195          195          195 
      Presidential transition and former Presidents..........           2            2            2            2            2            8            2 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Executive direction and management.............         253          299          465          482          479          485          479 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Central fiscal operations:                                                                                                                          
      Tax administration.....................................       7,183        7,133        7,316        7,758        7,790        7,349        7,307 
      Other fiscal operations................................         488          531          653          682          687          685          699 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Central fiscal operations......................       7,671        7,664        7,969        8,440        8,477        8,034        8,006 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    General property and records management:                                                                                                            
      Real property activities...............................         390          701          263          143           70   ...........  ...........
      Records management.....................................         198          200          216          215          213          213          213 
      Other general and records management...................         281          197          174          176          149          136          136 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, General property and records management........         869        1,098          653          534          432          349          349 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Central personnel management:                                                                                                                       
      Discretionary central personnel management programs....         103          153          148          148          148          148          148 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    General purpose fiscal assistance:                                                                                                                  
      Payments and loans to the District of Columbia.........         712          719          712          712          712          712          712 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........        -180         -259         -113          -90         -197 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Payments and loans to the District of                                                                                                   
       Columbia..............................................         712          719          532          453          599          622          515 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Payments to States and counties from Federal land                                                                                                 
       management activities.................................          11           11           10           10           10           10           10 
      Payments in lieu of taxes..............................         113          114          102          102          102          102          102 
      Other..................................................  ...........           2            2            1            1            1            1 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, General purpose fiscal assistance..............         836          846          646          566          712          735          628 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Other general government:                                                                                                                           
      Discretionary programs.................................         158          177          164          167          163          160          161 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Discretionary......................................      11,763       12,175       12,101       12,420       12,509       12,022       11,893 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 281]]

  Mandatory:                                                                                                                                            
    Legislative functions:                                                                                                                              
      Congressional members compensation and other...........          92           94          101           94           96           96           95 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Executive direction and management:                                                                                                                 
      Mandatory programs.....................................          -1   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Central fiscal operations:                                                                                                                          
      Mandatory programs.....................................        -212         -121         -182         -184         -186         -188         -189 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........         -15          -10           -5           -5           -5 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Mandatory programs...........................        -212         -121         -197         -194         -191         -193         -194 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    General property and records management:                                                                                                            
      Mandatory programs.....................................         -26           17           13           12           -3           -3           -5 
      Offsetting receipts....................................         -23          -21          -21          -20          -18          -18          -18 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, General property and records management........         -49           -4           -8           -8          -21          -21          -23 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    General purpose fiscal assistance:                                                                                                                  
      Payments and loans to the District of Columbia.........         -12          -12          -12          -12          -12          -15   ...........
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Payments to States and counties........................         737          811          840          778          799          821          844 
      Payments to territories and Puerto Rico................         110          123          127          130          134          138          143 
      Tax revenues for Puerto Rico (Treasury, BATF)..........         221          230          230          230          230          230          230 
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........  ...........          67          167          286          424 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Tax revenues for Puerto Rico (Treasury, BATF)         221          230          230          297          397          516          654 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Other general purpose fiscal assistance................          89           92           94           96           98          100          102 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, General purpose fiscal assistance..............       1,145        1,244        1,279        1,289        1,416        1,560        1,743 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Other general government:                                                                                                                           
      Territories............................................         194          177          192          215          217          184          169 
      Treasury claims........................................         509          750          635          635          610          610          610 
      Presidential election campaign fund....................         209            3   ...........          26          233            7   ...........

[[Page 282]]

      Other mandatory programs...............................         -64          -25          -46          -55          -72          -52          -66 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Other general government.......................         848          905          781          821          988          749          713 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Deductions for offsetting receipts:                                                                                                                 
      Offsetting receipts....................................      -1,694       -1,184       -1,184       -1,184       -1,184       -1,184       -1,184 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Mandatory..........................................         129          934          772          818        1,104        1,007        1,150 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, General government.................................      11,892       13,109       12,873       13,238       13,613       13,029       13,043 
                                                              ==========================================================================================
900 Net interest:                                                                                                                                       
  Mandatory:                                                                                                                                            
    Interest on the public debt:                                                                                                                        
      Interest on the public debt............................     343,955      356,740      365,344      370,406      369,987      369,816      367,643 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........         763        2,063        4,300        7,087        9,149 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Interest on the public debt..................     343,955      356,740      366,107      372,469      374,287      376,903      376,792 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Interest received by on-budget trust funds:                                                                                                         
      Civil service retirement and disability fund...........     -28,530      -30,727      -32,012      -32,757      -33,059      -33,493      -34,000 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........         -40         -110         -190         -277         -369 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Civil service retirement and disability fund.     -28,530      -30,727      -32,052      -32,867      -33,249      -33,770      -34,369 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Military retirement....................................     -11,501      -11,600      -11,800      -12,000      -12,300      -12,500      -12,700 
      Medicare...............................................     -11,777      -11,389      -10,314       -8,654       -6,405       -3,661       -1,562 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........        -302       -1,886       -4,004       -6,662       -8,584 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Medicare.....................................     -11,777      -11,389      -10,616      -10,540      -10,409      -10,323      -10,146 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Other on-budget trust funds............................      -9,061       -9,096       -8,876       -9,193       -9,427       -9,800      -10,175 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........        -402          -16          -29          -42          -57 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Other on-budget trust funds..................      -9,061       -9,096       -9,278       -9,209       -9,456       -9,842      -10,232 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Interest received by on-budget trust funds.....     -60,869      -62,812      -63,746      -64,616      -65,414      -66,435      -67,447 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Interest received by off-budget trust funds:                                                                                                        
      Interest received by social security trust funds.......     -36,507      -41,238      -45,199      -49,228      -53,181      -57,272      -61,554 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 283]]

    Other interest:                                                                                                                                     
      Interest on loans to Federal Financing Bank............      -6,458       -4,351       -3,958       -3,503       -3,121       -2,779       -2,425 
      Interest on refunds of tax collections.................       2,172        2,644        2,753        2,855        2,991        3,143        3,295 
      Payment to the Resolution Funding Corporation..........       2,328        2,328        2,328        2,328        2,328        2,328        2,328 
      Interest paid to loan guarantee financing accounts.....       2,350        2,438        2,452        2,491        2,541        2,601        2,674 
      Interest received from direct loan financing accounts..      -3,031       -4,391       -5,754       -7,045       -8,336       -9,661      -10,976 
      Interest on deposits in tax and loan accounts..........        -757         -736         -750         -750         -750         -750         -750 
      Interest received from Outer Continental Shelf escrow                                                                                             
       account, Interior.....................................          -1   ...........      -1,142   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
      All other interest.....................................      -2,092       -3,083       -3,232       -3,158       -3,142       -3,115       -3,175 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........        -157   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, All other interest...........................      -2,092       -3,240       -3,232       -3,158       -3,142       -3,115       -3,175 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Other interest.................................      -5,489       -5,308       -7,303       -6,782       -7,489       -8,233       -9,029 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Mandatory..........................................     241,090      247,382      249,859      251,843      248,203      244,963      238,762 
                                                              ==========================================================================================
950 Undistributed offsetting receipts:                                                                                                                  
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Mandatory:                                                                                                                                            
    Employer share, employee retirement (on-budget):                                                                                                    
      Contributions to military retirement fund..............     -11,174      -11,180      -10,544      -10,566      -10,730      -10,850      -11,078 
      Postal Service contributions to Civil Service                                                                                                     
       Retirement and Disability Fund........................      -5,712       -5,916       -6,103       -6,065       -6,280       -6,488       -6,733 
      Other contributions to civil and foreign service                                                                                                  
       retirement and disability fund........................      -7,991       -8,303       -8,535       -8,746       -9,153       -9,640      -10,178 
     Proposed Legislation (non-PAYGO)........................  ...........  ...........        -621         -604         -588         -577         -567 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Other contributions to civil and foreign                                                                                                
       service retirement and disability fund................      -7,991       -8,303       -9,156       -9,350       -9,741      -10,217      -10,745 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Contributions to HI trust fund.........................      -2,382       -2,470       -2,625       -2,777       -2,942       -3,072       -3,259 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Employer share, employee retirement (on-budget)     -27,259      -27,869      -28,428      -28,758      -29,693      -30,627      -31,815 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 284]]

    Employer share, employee retirement (off-budget):                                                                                                   
      Contributions to social security trust funds...........      -6,278       -6,505       -7,028       -7,633       -8,356       -8,942       -9,781 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Rents and royalties on the Outer Continental Shelf:                                                                                                 
      OCS Receipts...........................................      -3,741       -4,152       -4,375       -4,036       -3,885       -4,050       -4,254 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Sale of major assets:                                                                                                                               
      Proceeds from Sale of U.S. Enrichment Corporation......  ...........  ...........      -1,800   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
      Privatization of Elk Hills.............................  ...........  ...........      -2,415   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
      Proceeds from sale of Power Marketing Administrations..  ...........  ...........         -85   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Total, Sale of major assets...........................  ...........  ...........      -4,300   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Other undistributed offsetting receipts:                                                                                                            
      Spectrum Auction.......................................        -342       -7,961       -9,359       -1,304         -264         -132   ...........
     Proposed Legislation (PAYGO)............................  ...........  ...........      -2,100       -1,800       -3,800       -6,300      -22,100 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Subtotal, Spectrum Auction.............................        -342       -7,961      -11,459       -3,104       -4,064       -6,432      -22,100 
                                                              ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Total, Mandatory..........................................     -37,620      -46,487      -55,590      -43,531      -45,998      -50,051      -67,950 
                                                              ==========================================================================================
Total........................................................   1,560,330    1,631,016    1,687,475    1,760,700    1,814,427    1,844,488    1,879,717 
                                                              ==========================================================================================
  On-budget..................................................  (1,259,872)  (1,316,014)  (1,358,896)  (1,422,832)  (1,463,751)  (1,479,969)  (1,499,370)
  Off-budget.................................................    (300,458)    (315,002)    (328,579)    (337,868)    (350,676)    (364,519)    (380,347)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ For 1999--2002, Federal law enforcement and Federal litigation and judicial totals do not include Violent Crime Reduction Trust Fund spending. That 
  spending appears under the correctional activities and justice assistance subfunction pending decisions on specific allocation.                       


[[Page 285]]

                              Table 31-3.  DIRECT AND GUARANTEED LOANS BY FUNCTION                              
                                            (in millions of dollars)                                            
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                         Estimate                               
          Function               1996    -----------------------------------------------------------------------
                                Actual       1997        1998        1999        2000        2001        2002   
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
NATIONAL DEFENSE:                                                                                               
  DIRECT LOANS:                                                                                                 
      Loan disbursements....  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........
      Outstandings..........       1,384       1,309       1,226       1,140       1,140       1,140       1,140
                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  GUARANTEED LOANS:                                                                                             
      New guaranteed loans..         276          50         250         500         800         800         800
      Outstandings..........         441          50         300         787       1,561       2,309       3,005
                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS:                                                                                          
  DIRECT LOANS:                                                                                                 
    Public Law 480:                                                                                             
      Loan disbursements....  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........
      Outstandings..........       9,767       9,438       8,879       8,528       8,227       7,920       7,611
    Foreign Military                                                                                            
     Financing Loans:                                                                                           
      Loan disbursements....         594         602         569         911         793         697         707
      Outstandings..........       8,119       7,759       7,392       7,441       7,414       7,301       7,189
    Economic assistance                                                                                         
     loans--liquidating                                                                                         
     account:                                                                                                   
      Loan disbursements....           3           4  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........
      Outstandings..........      12,649      11,977      11,400      10,868      10,343       9,814       9,285
    Overseas Private                                                                                            
     Investment Corporation:                                                                                    
      Loan disbursements....          30          63          60          60          60          60          60
      Outstandings..........         125         161         203         236         272         302         322
    Export-Import Bank:                                                                                         
      Loan disbursements....       1,045       1,373       1,235       1,218       1,308       1,255       1,255
      Outstandings..........       7,887       7,770       7,870       8,232       8,809       9,382      10,058
    Other, International                                                                                        
     Affairs:                                                                                                   
      Loan disbursements....           2         108          36           2           1           1           1
      Outstandings..........         436         480         462         413         363         313         263
                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, direct loans:                                                                                        
      Loan disbursements....       1,674       2,150       1,900       2,191       2,162       2,013       2,023
      Outstandings..........      38,983      37,585      36,206      35,718      35,428      35,032      34,728
                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  GUARANTEED LOANS:                                                                                             
    Foreign Military                                                                                            
     Financing Loans:                                                                                           
      New guaranteed loans..  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........
      Outstandings..........       6,129       5,694       5,305       4,921       4,544       4,183       3,828
    Loan Guarantees to                                                                                          
     Israel:                                                                                                    
      New guaranteed loans..       1,751       2,000  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........
      Outstandings..........       6,564       8,564       8,564       8,564       8,564       8,564       8,564
    Overseas Private                                                                                            
     Investment Corporation:                                                                                    
      New guaranteed loans..         855       1,520       1,905       2,400       2,700       2,400       2,400
      Outstandings..........       1,551       2,942       4,272       5,632       6,802       7,481       7,881
    Export-Import Bank:                                                                                         
      New guaranteed loans..       5,667       8,997      10,102      10,693      11,036      11,302      11,600
      Outstandings..........      17,785      17,999      17,792      17,281      16,528      15,339      14,004
    Other, International                                                                                        
     Affairs:                                                                                                   
      New guaranteed loans..         145         175          52  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........
      Outstandings..........       2,312       2,367       2,229       2,062       1,957       1,849       1,744
                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, guaranteed loans:                                                                                    
      New guaranteed loans..       8,418      12,692      12,059      13,093      13,736      13,702      14,000
      Outstandings..........      34,341      37,566      38,162      38,460      38,395      37,416      36,021
                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 286]]

ENERGY:                                                                                                         
  DIRECT LOANS:                                                                                                 
    Rural electrification                                                                                       
     and telecommunications:                                                                                    
      Loan disbursements....         975       2,419       1,975       1,607       2,520       1,661       1,510
      Outstandings..........      33,965      34,730      35,504      35,782      36,032      36,484      36,710
    Other, Energy:                                                                                              
      Loan disbursements....          61         108         118         124         143         153         172
      Outstandings..........         160         207         254         299         353         409         469
                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, direct loans:                                                                                        
      Loan disbursements....       1,036       2,527       2,093       1,731       2,663       1,814       1,682
      Outstandings..........      34,125      34,937      35,758      36,081      36,385      36,893      37,179
                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  GUARANTEED LOANS:                                                                                             
    Rural electrification                                                                                       
     and telecommunications:                                                                                    
      New guaranteed loans..  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........
      Outstandings..........         691         670         646         646         646         646         646
                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
NATURAL RESOURCES AND                                                                                           
 ENVIRONMENT:                                                                                                   
  DIRECT LOANS:                                                                                                 
    Natural Resources and                                                                                       
     Environment:                                                                                               
      Loan disbursements....          34          45          38          37          37          39          40
      Outstandings..........         294         321         342         362         381         403         426
                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
AGRICULTURE:                                                                                                    
  DIRECT LOANS:                                                                                                 
    Agricultural credit                                                                                         
     insurance fund:                                                                                            
      Loan disbursements....         806         672         545         606         681         760         790
      Outstandings..........      10,809       9,720       8,658       7,618       6,842       6,105       5,566
    Commodity credit                                                                                            
     corporation fund:                                                                                          
      Loan disbursements....       5,137       6,174       7,922       7,844       7,500       6,797       6,256
      Outstandings..........       1,672       1,436       1,665       1,638       1,546       1,480       1,437
    P.L. 480 Direct credit                                                                                      
     financing account:                                                                                         
      Loan disbursements....         240         228         169         123         113         113         113
      Outstandings..........       1,264       1,474       1,599       1,722       1,835       1,948       2,061
    P.L. 480 Title I Food                                                                                       
     for Progress Credits,                                                                                      
     financing account:                                                                                         
      Loan disbursements....  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........
      Outstandings..........         508         508         508         508         508         508         508
    Debt reduction--                                                                                            
     financing account:                                                                                         
      Loan disbursements....  ..........  ..........          34  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........
      Outstandings..........          66          66         100         100         100         100         100
    Financial assistance                                                                                        
     corporation fund:                                                                                          
      Loan disbursements....  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........
      Outstandings..........       1,261       1,261       1,261       1,261       1,261       1,261       1,261
                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, direct loans:                                                                                        
      Loan disbursements....       6,183       7,074       8,670       8,573       8,294       7,670       7,159
      Outstandings..........      15,580      14,465      13,791      12,847      12,092      11,402      10,933
                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  GUARANTEED LOANS:                                                                                             
    Agricultural credit                                                                                         
     insurance fund:                                                                                            
      New guaranteed loans..       1,770       2,380       2,375       2,288       2,274       2,270       2,269
      Outstandings..........       6,878       7,791       8,695       9,204       9,586       9,882      10,115

[[Page 287]]

    Commodity credit                                                                                            
     corporation export                                                                                         
     guarantees:                                                                                                
      New guaranteed loans..       3,312       5,500       5,700       5,700       5,700       5,700       5,700
      Outstandings..........       5,414       8,058      10,086      11,169      11,379      11,496      11,545
    Other, Agriculture:                                                                                         
      New guaranteed loans..  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........
      Outstandings..........          17          17          17          17          17          17          17
                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, guaranteed loans:                                                                                    
      New guaranteed loans..       5,082       7,880       8,075       7,988       7,974       7,970       7,969
      Outstandings..........      12,309      15,866      18,798      20,390      20,982      21,395      21,677
                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
COMMERCE AND HOUSING CREDIT:                                                                                    
  DIRECT LOANS:                                                                                                 
    Rural Housing insurance                                                                                     
     fund:                                                                                                      
      Loan disbursements....       1,156       1,139       1,212       1,455       1,784       2,121       2,271
      Outstandings..........      29,985      29,662      29,418      29,409      29,700      30,295      30,988
    FHA-Mutual mortgage and                                                                                     
     cooperative housing                                                                                        
     insurance:                                                                                                 
      Loan disbursements....           3         200         200  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........
      Outstandings..........           9         150         260         260         260         260         260
    FHA-General and special                                                                                     
     risk insurance:                                                                                            
      Loan disbursements....  ..........          40         120          20          20          20          20
      Outstandings..........          97         125         216         186         136         108          81
    Housing for the elderly                                                                                     
     or handicapped fund                                                                                        
     liquidating account:                                                                                       
      Loan disbursements....           2         189  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........
      Outstandings..........       8,306       8,424       8,352       8,281       8,211       8,141       8,072
    GNMA-Guarantees of                                                                                          
     mortgage-backed                                                                                            
     securities:                                                                                                
      Loan disbursements....         128         144         116          99          86          78          75
      Outstandings..........         321         327         329         334         341         350         360
    SBA-Business Loans:                                                                                         
      Loan disbursements....         164         129         103          82          13          13          14
      Outstandings..........       1,832       1,486         898         327         296         267         241
    Spectrum Auction Direct                                                                                     
     Loans:                                                                                                     
      Loan disbursements....         115       6,980       3,220  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........
      Outstandings..........         115       6,973       9,732       9,732       9,732       9,732       9,732
    Other, Commerce and                                                                                         
     Housing Credit:                                                                                            
      Loan disbursements....           2           3           2          26          25          26          25
      Outstandings..........         232         201         107         129         148         165         179
                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, direct loans:                                                                                        
      Loan disbursements....       1,570       8,824       4,973       1,682       1,928       2,258       2,405
      Outstandings..........      40,897      47,348      49,312      48,658      48,824      49,318      49,913
                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  GUARANTEED LOANS:                                                                                             
    Rural Housing insurance                                                                                     
     fund:                                                                                                      
      New guaranteed loans..       1,496       2,319       2,944       3,018       2,831       2,612       2,488
      Outstandings..........       3,535       5,712       8,427      11,107      13,484      15,519      17,301
    FHA-Mutual mortgage and                                                                                     
     cooperative housing                                                                                        
     insurance:                                                                                                 
      New guaranteed loans..      59,221      65,440      60,718      61,710      62,687      63,694      64,712
      Outstandings..........     363,994     390,979     414,967     445,562     472,134     497,512     520,340
    FHA-General and special                                                                                     
     risk insurance:                                                                                            
      New guaranteed loans..      12,220      14,652      15,005      14,887      14,940      14,940      14,940

[[Page 288]]

      Outstandings..........      91,176      98,323     106,811     113,886     120,272     126,442     132,668
    GNMA, Guarantees of                                                                                         
     mortgage-backed                                                                                            
     securities:                                                                                                
      New guaranteed loans..     101,540      79,560      75,799      74,582      75,357      77,233      79,128
      Outstandings..........     497,433     533,333     563,667     556,837     577,255     568,817     560,073
    SBA-Business Guaranteed                                                                                     
     Loans:                                                                                                     
      New guaranteed loans..       6,774       6,956       7,144       7,337       7,535       7,739       7,948
      Outstandings..........      31,013      33,793      36,869      40,203      43,766      47,535      51,497
    Other, Commerce and                                                                                         
     Housing Credit:                                                                                            
      New guaranteed loans..          26          32           3  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........
      Outstandings..........         269         267         240         222         206         191         177
                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, guaranteed loans:                                                                                    
      New guaranteed loans..     181,277     168,959     161,613     161,534     163,350     166,218     169,216
      Outstandings..........     987,420   1,062,407   1,130,981   1,167,817   1,227,117   1,256,016   1,282,056
                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
TRANSPORTATION:                                                                                                 
  DIRECT LOANS:                                                                                                 
    Transportation                                                                                              
     infrastructure credit                                                                                      
     direct loans:                                                                                              
      Loan disbursements....  ..........  ..........         425         638         851         851         851
      Outstandings..........  ..........  ..........         425       1,063       1,914       2,765       3,616
    Direct loan financing                                                                                       
     account:                                                                                                   
      Loan disbursements....  ..........         140         140         120  ..........  ..........  ..........
      Outstandings..........  ..........         140         280         400         400         400         400
    Other, Transportation:                                                                                      
      Loan disbursements....          47          76          26          33          12          28          28
      Outstandings..........         314         311         285         272         240         225         210
                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, direct loans:                                                                                        
      Loan disbursements....          47         216         591         791         863         879         879
      Outstandings..........         314         451         990       1,735       2,554       3,390       4,226
                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  GUARANTEED LOANS:                                                                                             
    Maritime guaranteed                                                                                         
     loans:                                                                                                     
      New guaranteed loans..         826       1,065         477         477         477         477         477
      Outstandings..........       2,154       3,354       3,499       3,646       3,784       3,913       4,014
                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
COMMUNITY AND REGIONAL                                                                                          
 DEVELOPMENT:                                                                                                   
  DIRECT LOANS:                                                                                                 
    Rural development                                                                                           
     insurance fund:                                                                                            
      Loan disbursements....          12          35           3  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........
      Outstandings..........       4,348       4,183       3,994       3,810       3,635       3,467       3,308
    Rural water and waste                                                                                       
     disposal loans:                                                                                            
      Loan disbursements....         650         759         706         656         695         761         648
      Outstandings..........       1,615       2,362       3,052       3,686       4,354       5,080       5,685
    Rural community facility                                                                                    
     loans:                                                                                                     
      Loan disbursements....         118         161         180         177         206         196         183
      Outstandings..........         348         501         671         835       1,024       1,199       1,357
    Distance learning and                                                                                       
     medical link loans:                                                                                        
      Loan disbursements....  ..........          45         120         150         150         150         150
      Outstandings..........  ..........          42         120         273         384         482         564
    SBA, Disaster Loans:                                                                                        
      Loan disbursements....         946         874       1,041         746         878         902         936
      Outstandings..........       8,903       8,807       8,751       5,127       1,561       1,607       1,658

[[Page 289]]

    Other, Community and                                                                                        
     Regional Development:                                                                                      
      Loan disbursements....         237         439         410         179         189         201         226
      Outstandings..........       2,525       2,726       2,937       1,214       1,302       1,402       1,526
                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, direct loans:                                                                                        
      Loan disbursements....       1,963       2,313       2,460       1,908       2,118       2,210       2,143
      Outstandings..........      17,739      18,621      19,525      14,945      12,260      13,237      14,098
                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  GUARANTEED LOANS:                                                                                             
    Rural development                                                                                           
     insurance fund:                                                                                            
      New guaranteed loans..           1          18  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........
      Outstandings..........         499         425         344         280         228         186         152
    Rural community facility                                                                                    
     loan guarantees:                                                                                           
      New guaranteed loans..          45          54          77         129         153         184         208
      Outstandings..........          94         143         212         330         465         624         798
    Rural business and                                                                                          
     industry guaranteed                                                                                        
     loans:                                                                                                     
      New guaranteed loans..         339         543         609         621         616         610         454
      Outstandings..........         723       1,185       1,661       2,097       2,481       2,817       2,960
    Community development                                                                                       
     loan guarantees:                                                                                           
      New guaranteed loans..         404         765       1,160       1,210       1,207       1,255       1,250
      Outstandings..........         993       1,628       2,620       3,650       4,632       5,612       6,542
    Other, Community and                                                                                        
     Regional Development:                                                                                      
      New guaranteed loans..          50          74          95          95         114         110         110
      Outstandings..........         256         262         323         378         445         496         538
                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, guaranteed loans:                                                                                    
      New guaranteed loans..         839       1,454       1,941       2,055       2,090       2,159       2,022
      Outstandings..........       2,565       3,643       5,160       6,735       8,251       9,735      10,990
                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
EDUCATION, TRAINING,                                                                                            
 EMPLOYMENT, AND SOCIAL                                                                                         
 SERVICES:                                                                                                      
  DIRECT LOANS:                                                                                                 
    Federal direct student                                                                                      
     loan program:                                                                                              
      Loan disbursements....       9,100      11,978      14,533      17,635      20,156      21,730      23,076
      Outstandings..........      11,565      23,153      36,829      52,879      70,430      88,240     105,781
    Other, Education,                                                                                           
     Training, Employment                                                                                       
     and Social Services:                                                                                       
      Loan disbursements....          20           6           3           1           6           6  ..........
      Outstandings..........         866         847         827         806         794         781         764
                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, direct loans:                                                                                        
      Loan disbursements....       9,120      11,984      14,536      17,636      20,162      21,736      23,076
      Outstandings..........      12,431      24,000      37,656      53,685      71,224      89,021     106,545
                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  GUARANTEED LOANS:                                                                                             
    Federal family education                                                                                    
     loan program:                                                                                              
      New guaranteed loans..      19,816      20,948      21,241      20,533      20,520      21,518      22,872
      Outstandings..........     101,874     107,800     111,301     113,630     113,242     112,815     112,273
    Historically Black                                                                                          
     college and university                                                                                     
     loan guarantees:                                                                                           
      New guaranteed loans..  ..........          10          15          15          20          20  ..........

[[Page 290]]

      Outstandings..........  ..........          10          25          40          59          78          77
                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, guaranteed loans:                                                                                    
      New guaranteed loans..      19,816      20,958      21,256      20,548      20,540      21,538      22,872
      Outstandings..........     101,874     107,810     111,326     113,670     113,301     112,893     112,350
                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
HEALTH:                                                                                                         
  DIRECT LOANS:                                                                                                 
      Loan disbursements....          25          20  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........
      Outstandings..........         834         823         796         770         746         723         704
                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  GUARANTEED LOANS:                                                                                             
    Health Professions                                                                                          
     Graduate Student Loans:                                                                                    
      New guaranteed loans..         210         140          85  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........
      Outstandings..........       2,915       2,952       2,940       2,833       2,711       2,580       2,438
    Other, Health:                                                                                              
      New guaranteed loans..  ..........         134          20           6  ..........  ..........  ..........
      Outstandings..........         198         281         260         224         190         158         154
                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, guaranteed loans:                                                                                    
      New guaranteed loans..         210         274         105           6  ..........  ..........  ..........
      Outstandings..........       3,113       3,233       3,200       3,057       2,901       2,738       2,592
                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
INCOME SECURITY:                                                                                                
  DIRECT LOANS:                                                                                                 
    Low-rent public housing--                                                                                   
     loans and other                                                                                            
     expenses:                                                                                                  
      Loan disbursements....  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........
      Outstandings..........       1,627       1,562       1,497       1,432       1,367       1,302       1,237
    Other, Income Security:                                                                                     
      Loan disbursements....          93          95          73           8  ..........  ..........  ..........
      Outstandings..........         676         769         839         844         841         838         835
                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, direct loans:                                                                                        
      Loan disbursements....          93          95          73           8  ..........  ..........  ..........
      Outstandings..........       2,303       2,331       2,336       2,276       2,208       2,140       2,072
                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  GUARANTEED LOANS:                                                                                             
    Low-rent public housing--                                                                                   
     loans and other                                                                                            
     expenses:                                                                                                  
      New guaranteed loans..  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........
      Outstandings..........       3,861       3,507       3,227       2,947       2,667       2,387       2,107
    Indian housing:                                                                                             
      New guaranteed loans..           5           5          17          34          40          40          37
      Outstandings..........           6          11          28          62         102         142         179
                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, guaranteed loans:                                                                                    
      New guaranteed loans..           5           5          17          34          40          40          37
      Outstandings..........       3,867       3,518       3,255       3,009       2,769       2,529       2,286
                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
VETERANS BENEFITS AND                                                                                           
 SERVICES:                                                                                                      
  DIRECT LOANS:                                                                                                 
    Veterans housing benefit                                                                                    
     program fund:                                                                                              
      Loan disbursements....       1,434       1,918       2,172       2,229       2,271       2,285       2,267
      Outstandings..........       1,172       1,811       2,227       2,599       2,961       3,295       3,600
    
[[Page 291]]

Other, Veterans                                                                                             
     Benefits:                                                                                                  
      Loan disbursements....           8          15          17          20           2           2           2
      Outstandings..........          16          28          43          60          58          57          56
                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total, direct loans:                                                                                        
      Loan disbursements....       1,442       1,933       2,189       2,249       2,273       2,287       2,269
      Outstandings..........       1,188       1,839       2,270       2,659       3,019       3,352       3,656
                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  GUARANTEED LOANS:                                                                                             
    Veterans housing benefit                                                                                    
     program fund:                                                                                              
      New guaranteed loans..      28,676      30,230      28,948      25,458      25,032      24,566      24,059
      Outstandings..........     154,762     156,703     159,047     156,185     153,594     151,136     148,711
                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
GENERAL GOVERNMENT:                                                                                             
  DIRECT LOANS:                                                                                                 
      Loan disbursements....         379         461  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........  ..........
      Outstandings..........         462         531          57          44          31          15          13
                             ===================================================================================
FEDERAL GOVERNMENT TOTALS:                                                                                      
  DIRECT LOANS:                                                                                                 
      Loan disbursements....      23,566      37,642      37,523      36,806      40,500      40,906      41,676
      Outstandings..........     166,534     184,561     200,265     210,920     226,292     246,066     265,633
                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  GUARANTEED LOANS (Gross):                                                                                     
      New guaranteed loans..     245,425     243,567     234,741     231,693     234,039     237,470     241,452
      Outstandings..........   1,303,537   1,394,820   1,474,374   1,514,402   1,573,301   1,600,726   1,624,348
                                                                                                                
  Less, secondary guaranteed                                                                                    
   loans: \1\                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                
    GNMA guarantees of FmHA/                                                                                    
     VA/FHA pools:                                                                                              
      New guaranteed loans..    -101,540     -79,560     -75,799     -74,582     -75,357     -77,233     -79,128
      Outstandings..........    -497,433    -533,333    -563,667    -556,837    -577,255    -568,817    -560,073
                             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, primary guaranteed                                                                                     
   loans:                                                                                                       
      New guaranteed loans..     143,885     164,007     158,942     157,111     158,682     160,237     162,324
      Outstandings..........     806,104     861,487     910,707     957,565     996,046   1,031,909   1,064,275
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Loans guaranteed by FHA, VA, or FmHA are included above. GNMA places a secondary guarantee on these loans,  
  so they are deducted here to avoid double counting in the totals.                                             


[[Page 292]


                                    Table 31-4.  TAX EXPENDITURES BY FUNCTION                                   
                                            (In millions of dollars)                                            
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                     Total Revenue Loss                         
          Function and provision           ---------------------------------------------------------------------
                                              1996      1997      1998      1999      2000      2001      2002  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense:                                                                                               
  Current law tax expenditures:                                                                                 
    Exclusion of benefits and allowances                                                                        
     to armed forces personnel............     2,060     2,080     2,095     2,120     2,140     2,160     2,180
                                           ---------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, current law tax expenditures.....     2,060     2,080     2,095     2,120     2,140     2,160     2,180
                                                                                                                
International affairs:                                                                                          
  Current law tax expenditures:                                                                                 
    Exclusion of income earned abroad by                                                                        
     United States citizens...............     1,520     1,680     1,865     2,065     2,290     2,545     2,825
    Exclusion of income of foreign sales                                                                        
     corporations.........................     1,500     1,600     1,700     1,800     1,900     2,000     2,100
    Inventory property sales source rules                                                                       
     exception............................     1,400     1,500     1,600     1,700     1,800     1,900     2,000
    Deferral of income from controlled                                                                          
     foreign corporations (normal tax                                                                           
     method)..............................     2,100     2,200     2,400     2,600     2,800     3,000     3,200
                                           ---------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, current law tax expenditures.....     6,520     6,980     7,565     8,165     8,790     9,445    10,125
  Proposals affecting tax expenditures:                                                                         
    Tax benefits for foreign sales                                                                              
     corporations.........................  ........        10        90       100       110       120       130
    Expand subpart F provisions regarding                                                                       
     certain income.......................  ........  ........       -19       -34       -39       -44       -48
    Reduce allocations to foreign source                                                                        
     income under sales source rules by 50                                                                      
     percent..............................  ........  ........      -403      -594      -625      -670      -715
    Replace sales source rule with                                                                              
     activity-based rule..................  ........  ........      -488      -880      -930    -1,080    -1,140
                                           ---------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, proposals affecting tax                                                                                
   expenditures...........................  ........        10      -820    -1,408    -1,484    -1,674    -1,773
                                                                                                                
General science, space, and technology:                                                                         
  Current law tax expenditures:                                                                                 
    Expensing of research and                                                                                   
     experimentation expenditures (normal                                                                       
     tax method)..........................        40       195       430       580       685       740       765
    Credit for increasing research                                                                              
     activities...........................       805       685     1,045       250       105        40         5
                                           ---------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, current law tax expenditures.....       845       880     1,475       830       790       780       770
  Proposals affecting tax expenditures:...                                                                      
    Extend R&E credit.....................  ........       430       787       540       234       111        41
                                           ---------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, proposals affecting tax                                                                                
   expenditures...........................  ........       430       787       540       234       111        41
                                                                                                                
Energy:                                                                                                         
  Current law tax expenditures:                                                                                 
    Expensing of exploration and                                                                                
     development costs, fuels.............      -210      -130       -40        20       100        75        80
    Excess of percentage over cost                                                                              
     depletion, fuels.....................     1,125     1,145     1,170     1,190     1,205     1,225     1,255
    Alternative fuel production credit....       570       600       485       565       535       505       485
    Exception from passive loss limitation                                                                      
     for working interests in oil and gas                                                                       
     properties...........................        50        50        55        55        60        60        65
    Capital gains treatment of royalties                                                                        
     on coal..............................        15        15        15        20        20        20        20
    Exclusion of interest on State and                                                                          
     local IDBs for energy facilities.....       315       315       315       315       310       310       310
    Enhanced oil recovery credit..........        80        85        90       100       105       105       110
    New technology credit.................        30        35        40        40        40        45        45
    Alcohol fuel credit \1\...............        10        10        10        10        10        10        10
    Tax credit and deduction for clean-                                                                         
     fuel burning vehicles and properties.        65        65        75        80        85        90        95
    Exclusion from income of conservation                                                                       
     subsidies provided by public                                                                               
     utilities............................       150        65        15        30        35        45        45
                                           ---------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, current law tax expenditures.....     2,200     2,255     2,230     2,425     2,505     2,490     2,520

[[Page 293]]

Proposals affecting tax expenditures:                                                                         
    Eliminate extension of synthetic fules                                                                      
     credit from biomass or coal..........  ........       -14       -64       -96       -99      -101      -102
                                           ---------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, proposals affecting tax                                                                                
   expenditures...........................  ........       -14       -64       -96       -99      -101      -102
                                                                                                                
Natural resources and environment:                                                                              
  Current law tax expenditures:                                                                                 
    Expensing of exploration and                                                                                
     development costs, nonfuel minerals..        35        35        35        35        35        35        35
    Excess of percentage over cost                                                                              
     depletion, nonfuel minerals..........       285       295       300       305       315       320       325
    Capital gains treatment of iron ore...  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........
    Special rules for mining reclamation                                                                        
     reserves.............................        50        50        50        50        50        50        50
    Exclusion of interest on State and                                                                          
     local IDBs for pollution control and                                                                       
     sewage and waste disposal facilities.       700       690       675       655       640       600       545
    Capital gains treatment of certain                                                                          
     timber income........................        15        15        15        20        20        20        20
    Expensing of multiperiod timber                                                                             
     growing costs........................       395       415       440       460       485       505       525
    Investment credit and seven-year                                                                            
     amortization for reforestation                                                                             
     expenditures.........................        45        50        50        50        50        50        50
    Tax incentives for preservation of                                                                          
     historic structures..................       125       120       115       115       110       105       105
                                           ---------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, current law tax expenditures.....     1,650     1,670     1,680     1,690     1,705     1,685     1,655
  Proposals affecting tax expenditures:                                                                         
    Repeal percentage depletion for non-                                                                        
     fuel minerals mined from certain                                                                           
     lands................................  ........        -8       -89       -92       -94       -96       -97
                                           ---------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, proposals affecting tax                                                                                
   expenditures...........................  ........        -8       -89       -92       -94       -96       -97
                                                                                                                
Agriculture:                                                                                                    
  Current law tax expenditures                                                                                  
    Expensing of certain capital outlays..        65        65        65        70        70        70        70
    Expensing of certain multiperiod                                                                            
     production costs.....................        80        80        80        85        85        85        85
    Treatment of loans forgiven solvent                                                                         
     farmers as if insolvent..............        10        10        10        10        10        10        10
    Capital gains treatment of certain                                                                          
     income...............................       165       170       175       180       185       190       195
                                           ---------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, current law tax expenditures.....       320       325       330       345       350       355       360
  Proposals affecting tax expenditures:                                                                         
    Phase-out preferential tax deferral                                                                         
     for certain large farm corporations                                                                        
     required to use accrual accounting...  ........       -28      -136      -121      -124      -124      -124
                                           ---------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, proposals affecting tax                                                                                
   expenditures...........................  ........       -28      -136      -121      -124      -124      -124
                                                                                                                
Commerce and housing:                                                                                           
  Current law tax expenditures:                                                                                 
    Housing:                                                                                                    
      Exclusion of interest on owner-                                                                           
       occupied mortgage subsidy bonds....     1,765     1,755     1,735     1,715     1,690     1,665     1,640
      Exclusion of interest on State and                                                                        
       local debt for rental housing......       755       760       755       760       765       760       750
      Deductibility of mortgage interest                                                                        
       on owner-occupied homes............    47,525    49,820    52,115    54,440    56,830    59,345    62,060
      Deductibility of State and local                                                                          
       property tax on owner-occupied                                                                           
       homes..............................    15,900    16,670    17,435    18,215    19,015    19,855    20,765
      Deferral of income from post 1987                                                                         
       installment sales..................       955       975       995     1,015     1,035     1,055     1,075
      Deferral of capital gains on home                                                                         
       sales..............................    14,410    14,845    15,290    15,745    16,220    16,705    17,205
      Exclusion of capital gains on home                                                                        
       sales for persons age 55 and over..     5,225     5,230     5,095     5,515     5,295     5,810     5,495
      Exception from passive loss rules                                                                         
       for $25,000 of rental loss.........     3,950     3,700     3,470     3,260     3,065     2,885     2,715

[[Page 294]]

      Accelerated depreciation on rental                                                                        
       housing (normal tax method)........     1,190     1,350     1,555     1,955     2,335     2,240     2,310
      Credit for low-income housing                                                                             
       investments........................     2,600     2,840     3,270     3,500     3,595     3,445     3,325
      Financial institutions and                                                                                
       insurance:                                                                                               
        Exemption of credit union income..       660       700       745       790       835       885       940
        Excess bad debt reserves of                                                                             
         financial institutions...........        90        70        40        15         5  ........  ........
        Deferral on income on life                                                                              
         insurance and annuity contracts..    10,525    11,210    11,940    12,715    13,540    14,420    15,360
        Special alternative tax on small                                                                        
         property and casualty insurance                                                                        
         companies........................         5         5         5         5         5         5         5
        Tax exemption of certain insurance                                                                      
         companies........................       240       245       255       260       280       295       310
        Small life insurance company                                                                            
         deduction........................       110       115       120       130       135       140       145
    Commerce:                                                                                                   
      Cancellation of indebtedness........        70        40        15  ........       -10        -5        -5
      Permanent exceptions from imputed                                                                         
       interest rules.....................       150       155       155       160       160       160       165
      Capital gains (other than                                                                                 
       agriculture, timber, iron ore, and                                                                       
       coal) (normal tax method)..........     7,990     8,230     8,480     8,730     8,995     9,265     9,540
      Capital gains exclusion of small                                                                          
       corporation stock..................  ........  ........         5        20        40        70        95
      Step-up basis of capital gains at                                                                         
       death..............................    29,530    30,715    31,945    33,225    34,555    35,940    37,375
      Carryover basis of capital gains on                                                                       
       gifts..............................       140       150       160       170       180       190       200
      Ordinary income treatment of loss                                                                         
       from small business corporation                                                                          
       stock sale.........................        35        35        35        35        40        40        40
      Accelerated depreciation of                                                                               
       buildings other than rental housing                                                                      
       (normal tax method)................     6,800     5,800     4,660     3,420     2,385     1,640     1,085
      Accelerated depreciation of                                                                               
       machinery and equipment (normal tax                                                                      
       method)............................    25,430    27,280    29,285    32,500    35,730    38,325    40,125
      Expensing of certain small                                                                                
       investments (normal tax method)....     1,440     1,065       900       890       850       700       560
      Amortization of start-up costs                                                                            
       (normal tax method)................       195       200       205       210       215       220       225
      Graduated corporation income tax                                                                          
       rate (normal tax method)...........     4,435     4,695     4,940     5,125     5,455     5,720     5,925
      Exclusion of interest on small issue                                                                      
       IDBs...............................       275       265       260       255       250       250       240
      Treatment of Alaska Native                                                                                
       Corporations.......................        20        15        10         5         5         5  ........
                                           ---------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, current law tax expenditures.....   182,415   188,935   195,875   204,780   213,495   222,030   229,670
  Proposals affecting tax expenditures:                                                                         
    Capital gains exclusion on sale of                                                                          
     principal residence..................  ........        71       288       301       284       268       249
    Further restrict like-kind exchanges                                                                        
     involving foreign property...........  ........        -2        -7       -12       -17       -23       -29
    Require recognition of gain on certain                                                                      
     stocks, indebtedness and partnership                                                                       
     interests............................  ........  ........       -38       -61       -65       -71       -76
                                           ---------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, proposals affecting tax                                                                                
   expenditures...........................  ........        69       243       228       202       174       144
                                                                                                                
Transportation:                                                                                                 
  Current law tax expenditures:                                                                                 
    Deferral of tax on shipping companies.        20        20        20        20        20        20        20
    Exclusion of reimbursed employee                                                                            
     parking expenses.....................     1,250     1,285     1,315     1,350     1,385     1,425     1,470
    Exclusion for employer-provided                                                                             
     transit passes.......................        50        60        70        85       100       115       130
                                           ---------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, current law tax expenditures.....     1,320     1,365     1,405     1,455     1,505     1,560     1,620
                                                                                                                
Community and regional development:                                                                             
  Current law tax expenditures:                                                                                 
    Investment credit for rehabilitation                                                                        
     of structures (other than historic)..        80        80        70        70        70        65        65
    Exclusion of interest on IDBs for                                                                           
     airports, docks, and sports and                                                                            
     convention facilities................     1,980     1,975     1,970     1,915     1,865     1,810     1,760
    Exemption of certain mutuals' and                                                                           
     cooperatives' income.................        60        60        60        65        65        65        70

[[Page 295]]

    Empowerment zones.....................       530       585       640       670       700       700       530
                                           ---------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, current law tax expenditures.....     2,650     2,700     2,740     2,720     2,700     2,640     2,425
  Proposals affecting tax expenditures:                                                                         
    Tax incentives for distressed areas...  ........        40       424       500       502       469       410
    Tax credit for investment in community                                                                      
     development institutions and venture                                                                       
     capital funds........................  ........  ........         2         5         7         9        11
    District of Columbia tax incentive....  ........  ........        24        46        56        66        68
                                           ---------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, proposals affecting tax                                                                                
   expenditures...........................  ........        40       450       551       565       544       489
                                                                                                                
Education, training, employment, and                                                                            
 social services:                                                                                               
  Current law tax expenditures:                                                                                 
    Education:                                                                                                  
      Exclusion of scholarship and                                                                              
       fellowship income (normal tax                                                                            
       method)............................       835       845       850       860       870       875       885
      Exclusion of interest on State and                                                                        
       local student loan bonds...........       305       290       280       265       260       250       250
      Exclusion of interest on State and                                                                        
       local debt for private nonprofit                                                                         
       educational facilities.............       955       930       895       860       830       800       775
      Exclusion of interest on savings                                                                          
       bonds transferred to educational                                                                         
       institutions.......................         5        10        10        15        15        15        20
      Parental personal exemption for                                                                           
       students age 19 or over............       820       845       885       930       985     1,045     1,090
      Deductibility of charitable                                                                               
       contributions (education)..........     1,865     1,960     2,060     2,165     2,270     2,385     2,500
      Exclusion of employer provided                                                                            
       educational assistance.............        20       575        20  ........  ........  ........  ........
    Training, employment, and social                                                                            
     services:                                                                                                  
      Work opportunity tax credit.........  ........       120       150        85        30        10  ........
      Exclusion of employer provided child                                                                      
       care...............................       775       830       890       955     1,025     1,100     1,180
      Adoption assistance.................  ........        10       200       320       355       370       365
      Exclusion of employee meals and                                                                           
       lodging (other than military)......       570       600       630       665       700       735       775
      Credit for child and dependent care                                                                       
       expenses...........................     2,580     2,705     2,840     2,985     3,130     3,290     3,455
      Credit for disabled access                                                                                
       expenditures.......................        80        85        85        85        90        90        90
      Expensing of costs of removing                                                                            
       certain architectural barriers to                                                                        
       the handicapped....................        20        20        20        20        20        20        20
      Deductibility of charitable                                                                               
       contributions, other than education                                                                      
       and health.........................    16,045    16,845    17,680    18,560    19,480    20,445    21,455
      Exclusion of certain foster care                                                                          
       payments...........................        30        35        35        35        40        40        45
      Exclusion of parsonage allowances...       295       315       335       360       380       410       435
                                           ---------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, current law tax expenditures.....    25,200    27,020    27,865    29,165    30,480    31,880    33,340
  Proposals affecting tax expenditures:                                                                         
    Incentive for education and training..  ........        84     4,044     6,199     7,848     8,632     9,386
    Extension of income exclusion for                                                                           
     employer-provided educational                                                                              
     assistance...........................  ........        82       645       670       758       247  ........
    Extend work opportunity tax credit....  ........  ........       128       157        93        31        10
    Targeted welfare-to-work tax credit...  ........  ........        68       137       163       122        61
    Equitable tolling.....................  ........  ........  ........  ........  ........         6        49
    Extend deduction provided for                                                                               
     contribuitions of appreciated stock                                                                        
     to private foundations...............  ........  ........        34        38  ........  ........  ........
                                           ---------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, proposals affecting tax                                                                                
   expenditures...........................  ........       166     4,919     7,201     8,862     9,038     9,506
                                                                                                                
Health:                                                                                                         
  Current law tax expenditures:                                                                                 
    Exclusion of employer contributions                                                                         
     for medical insurance premiums and                                                                         
     medical care.........................    64,450    70,460    75,750    81,285    86,900    92,815    98,995
    Medical savings accounts..............  ........        10       100       190       195       195       200
    Deductibility of medical expenses.....     3,675     4,060     4,535     4,895     5,270     5,670     6,100

[[Page 296]]

    Exclusion of interest on State and                                                                          
     local debt for private nonprofit                                                                           
     health facilities....................     2,135     2,080     2,005     1,930     1,855     1,790     1,745
    Deductibility of charitable                                                                                 
     contributions (health)...............     2,360     2,480     2,600     2,735     2,870     3,005     3,155
    Tax credit for orphan drug research...         5        20        10  ........  ........  ........  ........
    Special Blue Cross/Blue Shield                                                                              
     deduction............................       120       135        95       150       165       200       250
                                           ---------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, current law tax expenditures.....    72,745    79,245    85,095    91,185    97,255   103,675   110,445
  Proposals affecting tax expenditures:                                                                         
    Extend orphan drug credit.............  ........         8        19        12         3         3         1
                                           ---------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, proposals affecting tax                                                                                
   expenditures...........................  ........         8        19        12         3         3         1
                                                                                                                
Income security:                                                                                                
  Current law tax expenditures:                                                                                 
    Exclusion of railroad retirement                                                                            
     system benefits......................       440       440       450       450       455       455       465
    Exclusion of workmen's compensation                                                                         
     benefits.............................     4,695     4,970     5,305     5,550     5,855     6,220     6,660
    Exclusion of public assistance                                                                              
     benefits (normal tax method).........       500       515       550       575       600       625       655
    Exclusion of special benefits for                                                                           
     disabled coal miners.................        90        90        85        80        75        75        70
    Exclusion of military disability                                                                            
     pensions.............................       130       130       130       130       130       130       130
    Net exclusion of pension contributions                                                                      
     and earnings:                                                                                              
      Employer plans......................    55,410    55,810    56,245    56,665    57,085    57,510    57,940
      Individual Retirement Accounts......     8,025     8,345     8,600     8,880     9,125     9,340     9,520
      Keogh plans.........................     3,030     3,200     3,325     3,500     3,680     3,875     4,080
    Exclusion of employer provided death                                                                        
     benefits.............................        35        35        35        40        40        45        45
    Exclusion of other employee benefits:                                                                       
      Premiums on group term life                                                                               
       insurance..........................     2,495     2,615     2,745     2,880     3,020     3,170     3,325
      Premiums on accident and disability                                                                       
       insurance..........................       155       165       175       185       195       205       215
    Income of trusts to finance                                                                                 
     supplementary unemployment benefits..        20        20        20        20        20        20        20
    Special ESOP rules....................       905       735       720       740       760       790       820
    Additional deduction for the blind....        25        25        25        30        30        30        30
    Additional deduction for the elderly..     1,470     1,485     1,495     1,500     1,510     1,515     1,515
    Tax credit for the elderly and                                                                              
     disabled.............................        45        50        50        50        50        50        50
    Deductibility of casualty losses......       460       485       510       535       560       590       620
    Earned income credit \2\..............     5,097     5,653     5,814     6,112     6,319     6,621     6,859
                                           ---------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, current law tax expenditures.....    83,027    84,768    86,279    87,922    89,509    91,266    93,019
  Proposals affecting tax expenditures:                                                                         
    Expand individual retirement accounts.  ........  ........     1,454       477       753     1,157     1,674
    Tax credit for dependent children.....  ........       718     9,889     6,806     8,552    10,387    10,369
                                           ---------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, proposals affecting tax                                                                                
   expenditures...........................  ........       718    11,343     7,283     9,305    11,544    12,043
                                                                                                                
Social Security:                                                                                                
  Current law tax expenditures:                                                                                 
    Exclusion of social security benefits:                                                                      
      OASI benefits for retired workers...    17,005    17,810    18,495    19,290    20,190    20,875    21,495
      Disability insurance benefits.......     2,090     2,375     2,615     2,820     3,045     3,290     3,545
      Benefits for dependents and                                                                               
       survivors..........................     3,795     3,985     4,175     4,355     4,530     4,710     4,895
                                           ---------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, current law tax expenditures.....    22,890    24,170    25,285    26,465    27,765    28,875    29,935
                                                                                                                
Veterans benefits and services:                                                                                 
  Current law tax expenditures:                                                                                 
    Exclusion of veterans disability                                                                            
     compensation.........................     2,615     2,770     2,930     3,100     3,280     3,470     3,675
    Exclusion of veterans pensions........        70        70        70        70        75        80        85
    Exclusion of GI bill benefits.........        50        60        70        80        90        95       100
    Exclusion of interest on State and                                                                          
     local debt for veterans housing......        40        40        35        35        35        35        35
                                           ---------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 297]]

  Total, current law tax expenditures.....     2,775     2,940     3,105     3,285     3,480     3,680     3,895
                                                                                                                
General government:                                                                                             
  Current law tax expenditures:                                                                                 
    Exclusion of interest on public                                                                             
     purpose State and local debt.........    15,720    15,800    15,735    15,595    15,445    15,300    15,170
    Deductibility of nonbusiness State and                                                                      
     local taxes other than on owner-                                                                           
     occupied homes.......................    28,265    29,630    30,995    32,375    33,800    35,290    36,910
    Tax credit for corporations receiving                                                                       
     income from doing business in U.S.                                                                         
     possessions..........................     2,760     2,700     2,770     2,800     2,885     2,970     3,060
                                           ---------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, current law tax expenditures.....    46,745    48,130    49,500    50,770    52,130    53,560    55,140
  Proposals affecting tax expenditures:                                                                         
    Extend pro-rata disallowance of tax-                                                                        
     exempt interest expense to all                                                                             
     corporations.........................  ........  ........       -16       -31       -45       -56       -65
    Extend possessions wage credit........  ........  ........        27        68        91       109       122
                                           ---------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, proposals affecting tax                                                                                
   expenditures...........................  ........  ........        11        37        46        53        57
                                                                                                                
Interest:                                                                                                       
  Current law tax expenditures:                                                                                 
    Deferral of interest on savings bonds.     1,300     1,290     1,285     1,270     1,215     1,170     1,155
                                           ---------------------------------------------------------------------
  Total, current law tax expenditures.....     1,300     1,290     1,285     1,270     1,215     1,170     1,155
                                                                                                                
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Notes:                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                
Revenue loss estimates for new proposals are not directly comparable to estimates for current law tax           
  expenditures, because the current law estimates do not reflect behavioral effects.                            
                                                                                                                
Total revenue loss estimates by function are calculated here as the simple totals for the provisions listed for 
  each function. Because of interactions across provisions, these estimates are only rough approximations of the
  total revenue loss for the functions.                                                                         
                                                                                                                
Negative numbers for proposals affecting tax expenditures indicate the expected increase in receipts; postive   
  numbers indicate the expected decrease in receipts.                                                           
                                                                                                                
\1\ In addition, the partial exemption from the excise tax for alcohol fuels results in a reduction in excise   
  tax receipts as follows: 1996, $670 million; 1997, $670 million; 1998, $700 million; 1999, $740 million; 2000,
  $770 million; 2001, $800 million; and 2002, $840 million.                                                     
                                                                                                                
\2\ The figures in the table indicate the effect of the earned income tax credit on receipts. The effect on     
  outlays is as follows: 1996, $19,159 million; 1997, $21,163 million; 1998, $21,983 million; 1999, $22,864     
  million; 2000, $23,818 million; 2001, $24,634 million; and 2002, $25,518 million.