[Historical Tables, Budget of the United States Government,
   Fiscal Year 1998]
[Page 42-49]


[[Page 42]]

 
                                               Table 3.1--OUTLAYS BY SUPERFUNCTION AND FUNCTION: 1940-2002                                              
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
           Superfunction and Function                 1940         1941         1942         1943         1944         1945         1946         1947   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                                        
-----------------------------------------------------------------In millions of dollars-----------------------------------------------------------------
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                                        
National defense................................       1,660        6,435       25,658       66,699       79,143       82,965       42,681       12,808 
                                                                                                                                                        
Human resources.................................       4,139        4,158        3,599        2,659        1,928        1,859        5,493        9,909 
                                                                                                                                                        
  Education, training, employment, and social                                                                                                           
   services.....................................       1,972        1,592        1,062          375          160          134           85          102 
  Health........................................          55           60           71           92          174          211          201          177 
  Income security...............................       1,514        1,855        1,828        1,739        1,503        1,137        2,384        2,820 
  Social security...............................          28           91          137          177          217          267          358          466 
  Veterans benefits and services................         570          560          501          276         -126          110        2,465        6,344 
                                                                                                                                                        
Physical resources..............................       2,312        1,782        3,892        6,433        5,471        1,747          836        1,227 
                                                                                                                                                        
  Energy........................................          88           91          156          116           65           25           41           18 
  Natural resources and environment.............         997          817          819          726          642          455          482          700 
  Commerce and housing credit...................         550          398        1,521        2,151          624       -2,630       -1,857         -923 
  Transportation................................         392          353        1,283        3,220        3,901        3,654        1,970        1,130 
  Community and regional development............         285          123          113          219          238          243          200          302 
                                                                                                                                                        
Net interest....................................         899          943        1,052        1,529        2,219        3,112        4,111        4,204 
      (On-budget)...............................        (941)        (999)      (1,123)      (1,616)      (2,322)      (3,236)      (4,259)      (4,367)
      (Off-budget)..............................        (-42)        (-56)        (-71)        (-87)       (-103)       (-124)       (-148)       (-163)
                                                                                                                                                        
Other functions.................................         775          882        1,830        2,457        3,864        4,418        3,580        7,900 
                                                                                                                                                        
  International affairs.........................          51          145          968        1,286        1,449        1,913        1,935        5,791 
  General science, space and technology.........  ...........  ...........           4            1           48          111           34            5 
  Agriculture...................................         369          339          344          343        1,275        1,635          610          814 
  Administration of justice.....................          81           92          117          154          192          178          176          176 
  General government............................         274          306          397          673          900          581          825        1,114 
                                                                                                                                                        
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -317         -547         -894       -1,221       -1,320       -1,389       -1,468       -1,552 
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................       9,468       13,653       35,137       78,555       91,304       92,712       55,232       34,496 
      (On-budget)...............................      (9,482)     (13,618)     (35,071)     (78,466)     (91,190)     (92,569)     (55,022)     (34,193)
      (Off-budget)..............................        (-14)         (35)         (66)         (89)        (114)        (143)        (210)        (303)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                As percentages of outlays                                                               
                                                                                                                                                        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................        17.5         47.1         73.0         84.9         86.7         89.5         77.3         37.1 
Human resources.................................        43.7         30.5         10.2          3.4          2.1          2.0          9.9         28.7 
Physical resources..............................        24.4         13.1         11.1          8.2          6.0          1.9          1.5          3.6 
Net interest....................................         9.5          6.9          3.0          1.9          2.4          3.4          7.4         12.2 
Other functions.................................         8.2          6.5          5.2          3.1          4.2          4.8          6.5         22.9 
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -3.4         -4.0         -2.5         -1.6         -1.4         -1.5         -2.7         -4.5 
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................       100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0 
      (On-budget)...............................      (100.2)       (99.7)       (99.8)       (99.9)       (99.9)       (99.8)       (99.6)       (99.1)
      (Off-budget)..............................       (-0.2)        (0.3)        (0.2)        (0.1)        (0.1)        (0.2)        (0.4)        (0.9)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                  As percentages of GDP                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................         1.7          5.6         17.7         37.1         38.3         38.2         19.6          5.6 
Human resources.................................         4.2          3.6          2.5          1.5          0.9          0.9          2.5          4.3 
Physical resources..............................         2.4          1.5          2.7          3.6          2.6          0.8          0.4          0.5 
Net interest....................................         0.9          0.8          0.7          0.9          1.1          1.4          1.9          1.8 
Other functions.................................         0.8          0.8          1.3          1.4          1.9          2.0          1.6          3.5 
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -0.3         -0.5         -0.6         -0.7         -0.6         -0.6         -0.7         -0.7 
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................         9.7         11.8         24.2         43.7         44.2         42.6         25.4         15.1 
      (On-budget)...............................        (9.7)       (11.8)       (24.1)       (43.6)       (44.1)       (42.6)       (25.3)       (15.0)
      (Off-budget)..............................         (-*)          (*)          (*)          (*)        (0.1)        (0.1)        (0.1)        (0.1)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* 0.05 percent or less.                                                                                                                                 
Note: Prior to 1960, the GDP data and deflators for constant dollar data are approximations of the anticipated post-benchmark revision levels. Actual   
  post-benchmark revision levels for fiscal years prior to 1960 have not yet been released. Constant-dollar estimates are based on chain-weighted (FY   
  1992=100) deflators.                                                                                                                                  


[[Page 43]]


                                         Table 3.1--OUTLAYS BY SUPERFUNCTION AND FUNCTION: 1940-2002--Continued                                         
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
           Superfunction and Function                 1948         1949         1950         1951         1952         1953         1954         1955   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                                        
-----------------------------------------------------------------In millions of dollars-----------------------------------------------------------------
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                                        
National defense................................       9,105       13,150       13,724       23,566       46,089       52,802       49,266       42,729 
                                                                                                                                                        
Human resources.................................       9,868       10,805       14,221       11,001       11,745       11,836       13,076       14,908 
                                                                                                                                                        
  Education, training, employment, and social                                                                                                           
   services.....................................         191          178          241          235          339          441          370          445 
  Health........................................         162          197          268          323          347          336          307          291 
  Income security...............................       2,499        3,174        4,097        3,352        3,655        3,823        4,434        5,071 
  Social security...............................         558          657          781        1,565        2,063        2,717        3,352        4,427 
  Veterans benefits and services................       6,457        6,599        8,834        5,526        5,341        4,519        4,613        4,675 
                                                                                                                                                        
Physical resources..............................       2,243        3,104        3,667        3,924        4,182        4,005        2,584        2,732 
                                                                                                                                                        
  Energy........................................         292          341          327          383          474          425          432          325 
  Natural resources and environment.............         780        1,080        1,308        1,310        1,233        1,289        1,007          940 
  Commerce and housing credit...................         306          800        1,035        1,228        1,278          910         -184           92 
  Transportation................................         787          916          967          956        1,124        1,264        1,229        1,246 
  Community and regional development............          78          -33           30           47           73          117          100          129 
                                                                                                                                                        
Net interest....................................       4,341        4,523        4,812        4,665        4,701        5,156        4,811        4,850 
      (On-budget)...............................      (4,532)      (4,753)      (5,069)      (4,952)      (5,035)      (5,543)      (5,250)      (5,288)
      (Off-budget)..............................       (-191)       (-230)       (-257)       (-287)       (-334)       (-387)       (-439)       (-438)
                                                                                                                                                        
Other functions.................................       5,851        9,032        7,955        4,690        4,346        5,873        4,515        6,718 
                                                                                                                                                        
  International affairs.........................       4,566        6,052        4,673        3,647        2,691        2,119        1,596        2,223 
  General science, space and technology.........           1           48           55           51           49           49           46           74 
  Agriculture...................................          69        1,924        2,049         -323          176        2,253        1,817        3,514 
  Administration of justice.....................         170          184          193          218          267          243          257          256 
  General government............................       1,045          824          986        1,097        1,163        1,209          799          651 
                                                                                                                                                        
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............      -1,643       -1,779       -1,817       -2,332       -3,377       -3,571       -3,397       -3,493 
      (On-budget)...............................     (-1,643)     (-1,779)     (-1,817)     (-2,332)     (-3,377)     (-3,571)     (-3,396)     (-3,487)
      (Off-budget)..............................  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........         (-1)         (-6)
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................      29,764       38,835       42,562       45,514       67,686       76,101       70,855       68,444 
      (On-budget)...............................     (29,396)     (38,408)     (42,038)     (44,237)     (65,956)     (73,771)     (67,943)     (64,461)
      (Off-budget)..............................        (368)        (427)        (524)      (1,277)      (1,730)      (2,330)      (2,912)      (3,983)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                As percentages of outlays                                                               
                                                                                                                                                        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................        30.6         33.9         32.2         51.8         68.1         69.4         69.5         62.4 
Human resources.................................        33.2         27.8         33.4         24.2         17.4         15.6         18.5         21.8 
Physical resources..............................         7.5          8.0          8.6          8.6          6.2          5.3          3.6          4.0 
Net interest....................................        14.6         11.6         11.3         10.2          6.9          6.8          6.8          7.1 
Other functions.................................        19.7         23.3         18.7         10.3          6.4          7.7          6.4          9.8 
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -5.5         -4.6         -4.3         -5.1         -5.0         -4.7         -4.8         -5.1 
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................       100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0 
      (On-budget)...............................       (98.8)       (98.9)       (98.8)       (97.2)       (97.4)       (96.9)       (95.9)       (94.2)
      (Off-budget)..............................        (1.2)        (1.1)        (1.2)        (2.8)        (2.6)        (3.1)        (4.1)        (5.8)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                  As percentages of GDP                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................         3.6          4.9          5.0          7.3         13.2         14.2         13.1         10.8 
Human resources.................................         3.9          4.0          5.2          3.4          3.4          3.2          3.5          3.8 
Physical resources..............................         0.9          1.2          1.3          1.2          1.2          1.1          0.7          0.7 
Net interest....................................         1.7          1.7          1.8          1.5          1.3          1.4          1.3          1.2 
Other functions.................................         2.3          3.4          2.9          1.5          1.2          1.6          1.2          1.7 
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -0.6         -0.7         -0.7         -0.7         -1.0         -1.0         -0.9         -0.9 
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................        11.7         14.4         15.6         14.2         19.4         20.4         18.8         17.3 
      (On-budget)...............................       (11.6)       (14.3)       (15.4)       (13.8)       (18.9)       (19.8)       (18.0)       (16.3)
      (Off-budget)..............................        (0.1)        (0.2)        (0.2)        (0.4)        (0.5)        (0.6)        (0.8)        (1.0)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Note: Prior to 1960, the GDP data and deflators for constant dollar data are approximations of the anticipated post-benchmark revision levels. Actual   
  post-benchmark revision levels for fiscal years prior to 1960 have not yet been released. Constant-dollar estimates are based on chain-weighted (FY   
  1992=100) deflators.                                                                                                                                  


[[Page 44]]


                                         Table 3.1--OUTLAYS BY SUPERFUNCTION AND FUNCTION: 1940-2002--Continued                                         
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
           Superfunction and Function                 1956         1957         1958         1959         1960         1961         1962         1963   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                                        
-----------------------------------------------------------------In millions of dollars-----------------------------------------------------------------
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                                        
National defense................................      42,523       45,430       46,815       49,015       48,130       49,601       52,345       53,400 
                                                                                                                                                        
Human resources.................................      16,052       18,161       22,288       24,892       26,184       29,838       31,630       33,522 
                                                                                                                                                        
  Education, training, employment, and social                                                                                                           
   services.....................................         591          590          643          789          968        1,063        1,241        1,458 
  Health........................................         359          479          541          685          795          913        1,198        1,451 
  Income security...............................       4,734        5,427        7,535        8,239        7,378        9,683        9,207        9,311 
  Social security...............................       5,478        6,661        8,219        9,737       11,602       12,474       14,365       15,788 
  Veterans benefits and services................       4,891        5,005        5,350        5,443        5,441        5,705        5,619        5,514 
                                                                                                                                                        
Physical resources..............................       3,092        4,559        5,188        7,813        7,991        7,754        8,831        8,013 
                                                                                                                                                        
  Energy........................................         174          240          348          382          464          510          604          530 
  Natural resources and environment.............         870        1,098        1,407        1,632        1,559        1,779        2,044        2,251 
  Commerce and housing credit...................         506        1,424          930        1,933        1,618        1,203        1,424           62 
  Transportation................................       1,450        1,662        2,334        3,655        4,126        3,987        4,290        4,596 
  Community and regional development............          92          135          169          211          224          275          469          574 
                                                                                                                                                        
Net interest....................................       5,079        5,354        5,604        5,762        6,947        6,716        6,889        7,740 
      (On-budget)...............................      (5,567)      (5,910)      (6,175)      (6,338)      (7,511)      (7,307)      (7,498)      (8,322)
      (Off-budget)..............................       (-487)       (-557)       (-571)       (-576)       (-563)       (-591)       (-609)       (-582)
                                                                                                                                                        
Other functions.................................       7,482        7,220        6,896        9,229        7,760        8,621       12,401       14,437 
                                                                                                                                                        
  International affairs.........................       2,414        3,147        3,364        3,144        2,988        3,184        5,639        5,308 
  General science, space and technology.........          79          122          141          294          599        1,042        1,723        3,051 
  Agriculture...................................       3,486        2,288        2,411        4,509        2,623        2,641        3,562        4,384 
  Administration of justice.....................         302          303          325          356          366          400          429          465 
  General government............................       1,201        1,360          655          926        1,184        1,354        1,049        1,230 
                                                                                                                                                        
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............      -3,589       -4,146       -4,385       -4,613       -4,820       -4,807       -5,274       -5,797 
      (On-budget)...............................     (-3,571)     (-4,058)     (-4,240)     (-4,449)     (-4,632)     (-4,601)     (-5,053)     (-5,555)
      (Off-budget)..............................        (-18)        (-88)       (-145)       (-164)       (-188)       (-206)       (-221)       (-242)
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................      70,640       76,578       82,405       92,098       92,191       97,723      106,821      111,316 
      (On-budget)...............................     (65,668)     (70,562)     (74,902)     (83,102)     (81,341)     (86,046)     (93,286)     (96,352)
      (Off-budget)..............................      (4,972)      (6,016)      (7,503)      (8,996)     (10,850)     (11,677)     (13,535)     (14,964)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                As percentages of outlays                                                               
                                                                                                                                                        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................        60.2         59.3         56.8         53.2         52.2         50.8         49.0         48.0 
Human resources.................................        22.7         23.7         27.0         27.0         28.4         30.5         29.6         30.1 
Physical resources..............................         4.4          6.0          6.3          8.5          8.7          7.9          8.3          7.2 
Net interest....................................         7.2          7.0          6.8          6.3          7.5          6.9          6.4          7.0 
Other functions.................................        10.6          9.4          8.4         10.0          8.4          8.8         11.6         13.0 
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -5.1         -5.4         -5.3         -5.0         -5.2         -4.9         -4.9         -5.2 
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................       100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0 
      (On-budget)...............................       (93.0)       (92.1)       (90.9)       (90.2)       (88.2)       (88.1)       (87.3)       (86.6)
      (Off-budget)..............................        (7.0)        (7.9)        (9.1)        (9.8)       (11.8)       (11.9)       (12.7)       (13.4)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                  As percentages of GDP                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................        10.0         10.1         10.2         10.0          9.3          9.4          9.2          8.9 
Human resources.................................         3.8          4.0          4.9          5.1          5.1          5.6          5.6          5.6 
Physical resources..............................         0.7          1.0          1.1          1.6          1.5          1.5          1.6          1.3 
Net interest....................................         1.2          1.2          1.2          1.2          1.3          1.3          1.2          1.3 
Other functions.................................         1.8          1.6          1.5          1.9          1.5          1.6          2.2          2.4 
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -0.8         -0.9         -1.0         -0.9         -0.9         -0.9         -0.9         -1.0 
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................        16.6         17.0         18.0         18.8         17.8         18.4         18.8         18.6 
      (On-budget)...............................       (15.4)       (15.7)       (16.3)       (17.0)       (15.7)       (16.2)       (16.4)       (16.1)
      (Off-budget)..............................        (1.2)        (1.3)        (1.6)        (1.8)        (2.1)        (2.2)        (2.4)        (2.5)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Note: Prior to 1960, the GDP data and deflators for constant dollar data are approximations of the anticipated post-benchmark revision levels. Actual   
  post-benchmark revision levels for fiscal years prior to 1960 have not yet been released. Constant-dollar estimates are based on chain-weighted (FY   
  1992=100) deflators.                                                                                                                                  


[[Page 45]]


                                         Table 3.1--OUTLAYS BY SUPERFUNCTION AND FUNCTION: 1940-2002--Continued                                         
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
           Superfunction and Function                 1964         1965         1966         1967         1968         1969         1970         1971   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                                        
-----------------------------------------------------------------In millions of dollars-----------------------------------------------------------------
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                                        
National defense................................      54,757       50,620       58,111       71,417       81,926       82,497       81,692       78,872 
                                                                                                                                                        
Human resources.................................      35,294       36,576       43,257       51,272       59,375       66,410       75,349       91,901 
                                                                                                                                                        
  Education, training, employment, and social                                                                                                           
   services.....................................       1,555        2,140        4,363        6,453        7,634        7,548        8,634        9,849 
  Health........................................       1,788        1,791        2,543        3,351        4,390        5,162        5,907        6,843 
  Medicare......................................  ...........  ...........          64        2,748        4,649        5,695        6,213        6,622 
  Income security...............................       9,657        9,469        9,678       10,261       11,816       13,076       15,655       22,946 
  Social security...............................      16,620       17,460       20,694       21,725       23,854       27,298       30,270       35,872 
      (On-budget)...............................  ...........  ...........  ...........         (94)         (94)        (414)        (458)        (465)
      (Off-budget)..............................     (16,620)     (17,460)     (20,694)     (21,631)     (23,760)     (26,885)     (29,812)     (35,408)
  Veterans benefits and services................       5,675        5,716        5,916        6,735        7,032        7,631        8,669        9,768 
                                                                                                                                                        
Physical resources..............................       9,528       11,264       13,410       14,674       16,002       11,869       15,574       18,286 
                                                                                                                                                        
  Energy........................................         572          699          612          782        1,037        1,010          997        1,035 
  Natural resources and environment.............       2,364        2,531        2,719        2,869        2,988        2,900        3,065        3,915 
  Commerce and housing credit...................         418        1,157        3,245        3,979        4,280         -119        2,112        2,366 
  Transportation................................       5,242        5,763        5,730        5,936        6,316        6,526        7,008        8,052 
  Community and regional development............         933        1,114        1,105        1,108        1,382        1,552        2,392        2,917 
                                                                                                                                                        
Net interest....................................       8,199        8,591        9,386       10,268       11,090       12,699       14,380       14,841 
      (On-budget)...............................      (8,805)      (9,239)     (10,028)     (11,060)     (12,069)     (13,848)     (15,948)     (16,783)
      (Off-budget)..............................       (-607)       (-648)       (-642)       (-792)       (-979)     (-1,149)     (-1,568)     (-1,942)
                                                                                                                                                        
Other functions.................................      16,458       17,086       16,911       17,126       17,786       18,151       17,286       16,379 
                                                                                                                                                        
  International affairs.........................       4,945        5,273        5,580        5,566        5,301        4,600        4,330        4,159 
  General science, space and technology.........       4,897        5,823        6,717        6,233        5,524        5,020        4,511        4,182 
  Agriculture...................................       4,609        3,955        2,447        2,990        4,545        5,826        5,166        4,290 
  Administration of justice.....................         489          535          563          618          659          766          959        1,306 
  General government............................       1,518        1,499        1,603        1,719        1,757        1,939        2,320        2,442 
                                                                                                                                                        
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............      -5,708       -5,908       -6,542       -7,294       -8,045       -7,986       -8,632      -10,107 
      (On-budget)...............................     (-5,429)     (-5,626)     (-6,205)     (-6,879)     (-7,600)     (-7,454)     (-7,995)     (-9,467)
      (Off-budget)..............................       (-279)       (-282)       (-337)       (-415)       (-445)       (-532)       (-637)       (-640)
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................     118,528      118,228      134,532      157,464      178,134      183,640      195,649      210,172 
      (On-budget)...............................    (102,794)    (101,699)    (114,817)    (137,040)    (155,798)    (158,436)    (168,042)    (177,346)
      (Off-budget)..............................     (15,734)     (16,529)     (19,715)     (20,424)     (22,336)     (25,204)     (27,607)     (32,826)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                As percentages of outlays                                                               
                                                                                                                                                        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................        46.2         42.8         43.2         45.4         46.0         44.9         41.8         37.5 
Human resources.................................        29.8         30.9         32.2         32.6         33.3         36.2         38.5         43.7 
Physical resources..............................         8.0          9.5         10.0          9.3          9.0          6.5          8.0          8.7 
Net interest....................................         6.9          7.3          7.0          6.5          6.2          6.9          7.4          7.1 
Other functions.................................        13.9         14.5         12.6         10.9         10.0          9.9          8.8          7.8 
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -4.8         -5.0         -4.9         -4.6         -4.5         -4.3         -4.4         -4.8 
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................       100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0 
      (On-budget)...............................       (86.7)       (86.0)       (85.3)       (87.0)       (87.5)       (86.3)       (85.9)       (84.4)
      (Off-budget)..............................       (13.3)       (14.0)       (14.7)       (13.0)       (12.5)       (13.7)       (14.1)       (15.6)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                  As percentages of GDP                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................         8.6          7.4          7.7          8.8          9.4          8.7          8.1          7.3 
Human resources.................................         5.5          5.3          5.7          6.3          6.8          7.0          7.5          8.5 
Physical resources..............................         1.5          1.6          1.8          1.8          1.8          1.3          1.5          1.7 
Net interest....................................         1.3          1.3          1.2          1.3          1.3          1.3          1.4          1.4 
Other functions.................................         2.6          2.5          2.2          2.1          2.0          1.9          1.7          1.5 
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -0.9         -0.9         -0.9         -0.9         -0.9         -0.8         -0.9         -0.9 
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................        18.5         17.2         17.9         19.4         20.5         19.4         19.4         19.5 
      (On-budget)...............................       (16.1)       (14.8)       (15.3)       (16.9)       (17.9)       (16.7)       (16.6)       (16.5)
      (Off-budget)..............................        (2.5)        (2.4)        (2.6)        (2.5)        (2.6)        (2.7)        (2.7)        (3.0)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Note: Prior to 1960, the GDP data and deflators for constant dollar data are approximations of the anticipated post-benchmark revision levels. Actual   
  post-benchmark revision levels for fiscal years prior to 1960 have not yet been released. Constant-dollar estimates are based on chain-weighted (FY   
  1992=100) deflators.                                                                                                                                  


[[Page 46]]


                                         Table 3.1--OUTLAYS BY SUPERFUNCTION AND FUNCTION: 1940-2002--Continued                                         
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
           Superfunction and Function                 1972         1973         1974         1975         1976          TQ          1977         1978   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                                        
-----------------------------------------------------------------In millions of dollars-----------------------------------------------------------------
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                                        
National defense................................      79,174       76,681       79,347       86,509       89,619       22,269       97,241      104,495 
                                                                                                                                                        
Human resources.................................     107,211      119,522      135,783      173,245      203,594       52,065      221,895      242,329 
                                                                                                                                                        
  Education, training, employment, and social                                                                                                           
   services.....................................      12,529       12,745       12,457       16,022       18,910        5,169       21,104       26,710 
  Health........................................       8,674        9,356       10,733       12,930       15,734        3,924       17,302       18,524 
  Medicare......................................       7,479        8,052        9,639       12,875       15,834        4,264       19,345       22,768 
  Income security...............................      27,650       28,276       33,713       50,176       60,799       14,985       61,060       61,505 
  Social security...............................      40,157       49,090       55,867       64,658       73,899       19,763       85,061       93,861 
      (On-budget)...............................        (538)        (526)        (494)        (499)        (515)  ...........        (717)        (741)
      (Off-budget)..............................     (39,620)     (48,565)     (55,373)     (64,159)     (73,384)     (19,763)     (84,344)     (93,120)
  Veterans benefits and services................      10,720       12,003       13,374       16,584       18,419        3,960       18,022       18,961 
                                                                                                                                                        
Physical resources..............................      19,574       20,614       25,106       35,449       39,188        9,512       40,746       52,591 
                                                                                                                                                        
  Energy........................................       1,296        1,237        1,303        2,916        4,204        1,129        5,770        7,992 
  Natural resources and environment.............       4,241        4,775        5,697        7,346        8,184        2,524       10,032       10,983 
  Commerce and housing credit...................       2,222          931        4,705        9,947        7,619          931        3,093        6,254 
  Transportation................................       8,392        9,066        9,172       10,918       13,739        3,358       14,829       15,521 
  Community and regional development............       3,423        4,605        4,229        4,322        5,442        1,569        7,021       11,841 
                                                                                                                                                        
Net interest....................................      15,478       17,349       21,449       23,244       26,727        6,949       29,901       35,458 
      (On-budget)...............................     (17,584)     (19,629)     (23,969)     (26,047)     (29,539)      (7,042)     (32,551)     (37,861)
      (Off-budget)..............................     (-2,106)     (-2,280)     (-2,520)     (-2,803)     (-2,812)        (-93)     (-2,650)     (-2,403)
                                                                                                                                                        
Other functions.................................      18,828       24,950       24,423       27,487       27,050        9,388       34,315       39,594 
                                                                                                                                                        
  International affairs.........................       4,781        4,149        5,710        7,097        6,433        2,458        6,353        7,482 
  General science, space and technology.........       4,175        4,032        3,980        3,991        4,373        1,162        4,736        4,926 
  Agriculture...................................       5,259        4,854        2,230        3,036        3,170          983        6,787       11,357 
  Administration of justice.....................       1,653        2,141        2,470        2,955        3,328          891        3,605        3,813 
  General government............................       2,960        9,774       10,032       10,408        9,747        3,895       12,833       12,015 
                                                                                                                                                        
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............      -9,583      -13,409      -16,749      -13,602      -14,386       -4,206      -14,879      -15,720 
      (On-budget)...............................     (-8,926)    (-12,714)    (-15,985)    (-12,686)    (-13,423)     (-3,957)    (-13,902)    (-14,660)
      (Off-budget)..............................       (-657)       (-695)       (-764)       (-916)       (-963)       (-249)       (-977)     (-1,060)
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................     230,681      245,707      269,359      332,332      371,792       95,975      409,218      458,746 
      (On-budget)...............................    (193,824)    (200,118)    (217,270)    (271,892)    (302,183)     (76,555)    (328,502)    (369,089)
      (Off-budget)..............................     (36,857)     (45,589)     (52,089)     (60,440)     (69,609)     (19,421)     (80,716)     (89,657)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                As percentages of outlays                                                               
                                                                                                                                                        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................        34.3         31.2         29.5         26.0         24.1         23.2         23.8         22.8 
Human resources.................................        46.5         48.6         50.4         52.1         54.8         54.2         54.2         52.8 
Physical resources..............................         8.5          8.4          9.3         10.7         10.5          9.9         10.0         11.5 
Net interest....................................         6.7          7.1          8.0          7.0          7.2          7.2          7.3          7.7 
Other functions.................................         8.2         10.2          9.1          8.3          7.3          9.8          8.4          8.6 
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -4.2         -5.5         -6.2         -4.1         -3.9         -4.4         -3.6         -3.4 
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................       100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0 
      (On-budget)...............................       (84.0)       (81.4)       (80.7)       (81.8)       (81.3)       (79.8)       (80.3)       (80.5)
      (Off-budget)..............................       (16.0)       (18.6)       (19.3)       (18.2)       (18.7)       (20.2)       (19.7)       (19.5)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                  As percentages of GDP                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................         6.7          5.9          5.5          5.6          5.2          4.9          4.9          4.7 
Human resources.................................         9.1          9.1          9.4         11.1         11.8         11.4         11.3         11.0 
Physical resources..............................         1.7          1.6          1.7          2.3          2.3          2.1          2.1          2.4 
Net interest....................................         1.3          1.3          1.5          1.5          1.5          1.5          1.5          1.6 
Other functions.................................         1.6          1.9          1.7          1.8          1.6          2.1          1.7          1.8 
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -0.8         -1.0         -1.2         -0.9         -0.8         -0.9         -0.8         -0.7 
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................        19.6         18.8         18.7         21.4         21.5         21.1         20.8         20.7 
      (On-budget)...............................       (16.5)       (15.3)       (15.1)       (17.5)       (17.5)       (16.8)       (16.7)       (16.7)
      (Off-budget)..............................        (3.1)        (3.5)        (3.6)        (3.9)        (4.0)        (4.3)        (4.1)        (4.1)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Note: Prior to 1960, the GDP data and deflators for constant dollar data are approximations of the anticipated post-benchmark revision levels. Actual   
  post-benchmark revision levels for fiscal years prior to 1960 have not yet been released. Constant-dollar estimates are based on chain-weighted (FY   
  1992=100) deflators.                                                                                                                                  


[[Page 47]]


                                         Table 3.1--OUTLAYS BY SUPERFUNCTION AND FUNCTION: 1940-2002--Continued                                         
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
           Superfunction and Function                 1979         1980         1981         1982         1983         1984         1985         1986   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                                        
-----------------------------------------------------------------In millions of dollars-----------------------------------------------------------------
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                                        
National defense................................     116,342      133,995      157,513      185,309      209,903      227,413      252,748      273,375 
                                                                                                                                                        
Human resources.................................     267,574      313,374      362,022      388,681      426,003      432,042      471,822      481,594 
                                                                                                                                                        
  Education, training, employment, and social                                                                                                           
   services.....................................      30,223       31,843       33,709       27,029       26,606       27,579       29,342       30,585 
  Health........................................      20,494       23,169       26,866       27,445       28,641       30,417       33,542       35,936 
  Medicare......................................      26,495       32,090       39,149       46,567       52,588       57,540       65,822       70,164 
  Income security...............................      66,376       86,557       99,742      107,737      122,621      112,694      128,230      119,824 
  Social security...............................     104,073      118,547      139,584      155,964      170,724      178,223      188,623      198,757 
      (On-budget)...............................        (757)        (675)        (670)        (844)     (19,993)      (7,056)      (5,189)      (8,072)
      (Off-budget)..............................    (103,316)    (117,872)    (138,914)    (155,120)    (150,731)    (171,167)    (183,434)    (190,684)
  Veterans benefits and services................      19,914       21,169       22,973       23,938       24,824       25,588       26,262       26,327 
                                                                                                                                                        
Physical resources..............................      54,559       65,985       70,886       61,752       57,600       57,980       56,897       58,783 
                                                                                                                                                        
  Energy........................................       9,180       10,156       15,166       13,527        9,353        7,086        5,685        4,735 
  Natural resources and environment.............      12,135       13,858       13,568       12,998       12,672       12,593       13,357       13,639 
  Commerce and housing credit...................       4,686        9,390        8,206        6,256        6,681        6,959        4,337        5,059 
  Transportation................................      18,079       21,329       23,379       20,625       21,334       23,669       25,838       28,117 
  Community and regional development............      10,480       11,252       10,568        8,347        7,560        7,673        7,680        7,233 
                                                                                                                                                        
Net interest....................................      42,636       52,538       68,774       85,044       89,828      111,123      129,504      136,047 
      (On-budget)...............................     (44,860)     (54,877)     (71,062)     (87,114)     (91,673)    (114,432)    (133,622)    (140,377)
      (Off-budget)..............................     (-2,224)     (-2,339)     (-2,288)     (-2,071)     (-1,845)     (-3,310)     (-4,118)     (-4,329)
                                                                                                                                                        
Other functions.................................      40,396       44,996       47,095       51,069       59,023       55,287       68,227       73,713 
                                                                                                                                                        
  International affairs.........................       7,459       12,714       13,104       12,300       11,848       15,876       16,176       14,152 
  General science, space and technology.........       5,235        5,832        6,469        7,200        7,935        8,317        8,627        8,976 
  Agriculture...................................      11,236        8,839       11,323       15,944       22,901       13,613       25,565       31,449 
  Administration of justice.....................       4,173        4,584        4,769        4,712        5,105        5,663        6,270        6,572 
  General government............................      12,293       13,028       11,429       10,914       11,235       11,817       11,588       12,564 
                                                                                                                                                        
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............     -17,476      -19,942      -28,041      -26,099      -33,976      -31,957      -32,698      -33,007 
      (On-budget)...............................    (-16,362)    (-18,738)    (-26,611)    (-24,453)    (-32,198)    (-29,913)    (-30,189)    (-30,150)
      (Off-budget)..............................     (-1,114)     (-1,204)     (-1,430)     (-1,646)     (-1,778)     (-2,044)     (-2,509)     (-2,857)
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................     504,032      590,947      678,249      745,755      808,380      851,888      946,499      990,505 
      (On-budget)...............................    (404,054)    (476,618)    (543,053)    (594,351)    (661,272)    (686,074)    (769,692)    (807,007)
      (Off-budget)..............................     (99,978)    (114,329)    (135,196)    (151,404)    (147,108)    (165,813)    (176,807)    (183,498)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                As percentages of outlays                                                               
                                                                                                                                                        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................        23.1         22.7         23.2         24.8         26.0         26.7         26.7         27.6 
Human resources.................................        53.1         53.0         53.4         52.1         52.7         50.7         49.8         48.6 
Physical resources..............................        10.8         11.2         10.5          8.3          7.1          6.8          6.0          5.9 
Net interest....................................         8.5          8.9         10.1         11.4         11.1         13.0         13.7         13.7 
Other functions.................................         8.0          7.6          6.9          6.8          7.3          6.5          7.2          7.4 
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -3.5         -3.4         -4.1         -3.5         -4.2         -3.8         -3.5         -3.3 
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................       100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0 
      (On-budget)...............................       (80.2)       (80.7)       (80.1)       (79.7)       (81.8)       (80.5)       (81.3)       (81.5)
      (Off-budget)..............................       (19.8)       (19.3)       (19.9)       (20.3)       (18.2)       (19.5)       (18.7)       (18.5)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                  As percentages of GDP                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................         4.7          4.9          5.2          5.8          6.1          6.0          6.2          6.2 
Human resources.................................        10.7         11.5         11.9         12.1         12.4         11.3         11.5         11.0 
Physical resources..............................         2.2          2.4          2.3          1.9          1.7          1.5          1.4          1.3 
Net interest....................................         1.7          1.9          2.3          2.6          2.6          2.9          3.2          3.1 
Other functions.................................         1.6          1.7          1.5          1.6          1.7          1.5          1.7          1.7 
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -0.7         -0.7         -0.9         -0.8         -1.0         -0.8         -0.8         -0.8 
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................        20.2         21.7         22.2         23.2         23.6         22.3         23.1         22.6 
      (On-budget)...............................       (16.2)       (17.5)       (17.8)       (18.5)       (19.3)       (18.0)       (18.8)       (18.4)
      (Off-budget)..............................        (4.0)        (4.2)        (4.4)        (4.7)        (4.3)        (4.3)        (4.3)        (4.2)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Note: Prior to 1960, the GDP data and deflators for constant dollar data are approximations of the anticipated post-benchmark revision levels. Actual   
  post-benchmark revision levels for fiscal years prior to 1960 have not yet been released. Constant-dollar estimates are based on chain-weighted (FY   
  1992=100) deflators.                                                                                                                                  


[[Page 48]]


                                         Table 3.1--OUTLAYS BY SUPERFUNCTION AND FUNCTION: 1940-2002--Continued                                         
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
           Superfunction and Function                 1987         1988         1989         1990         1991         1992         1993         1994   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                                        
-----------------------------------------------------------------In millions of dollars-----------------------------------------------------------------
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                                        
National defense................................     281,999      290,361      303,559      299,331      273,292      298,350      291,086      281,642 
                                                                                                                                                        
Human resources.................................     502,196      533,404      568,668      619,329      689,666      772,440      827,535      869,414 
                                                                                                                                                        
  Education, training, employment, and social                                                                                                           
   services.....................................      29,724       31,938       36,674       38,755       43,354       45,248       50,012       46,307 
  Health........................................      39,967       44,487       48,390       57,716       71,183       89,497       99,415      107,122 
  Medicare......................................      75,120       78,878       84,964       98,102      104,489      119,024      130,552      144,747 
  Income security...............................     123,282      129,374      136,066      147,076      170,320      197,022      207,299      214,089 
  Social security...............................     207,353      219,341      232,542      248,623      269,015      287,585      304,585      319,565 
      (On-budget)...............................      (4,930)      (4,852)      (5,069)      (3,625)      (2,619)      (6,166)      (6,236)      (5,683)
      (Off-budget)..............................    (202,422)    (214,489)    (227,473)    (244,998)    (266,395)    (281,418)    (298,349)    (313,881)
  Veterans benefits and services................      26,750       29,386       30,031       29,058       31,305       34,064       35,671       37,585 
                                                                                                                                                        
Physical resources..............................      55,185       68,632       81,568      126,004      135,176       75,613       46,762       70,575 
                                                                                                                                                        
  Energy........................................       4,115        2,297        2,706        3,341        2,436        4,500        4,319        5,219 
  Natural resources and environment.............      13,363       14,606       16,182       17,080       18,559       20,025       20,239       21,064 
  Commerce and housing credit...................       6,435       19,164       29,710       67,600       76,271       10,919      -21,853       -4,228 
      (On-budget)...............................      (6,435)     (19,164)     (30,019)     (65,974)     (74,953)     (10,260)    (-23,294)     (-5,331)
      (Off-budget)..............................  ...........  ...........       (-310)      (1,626)      (1,317)        (659)      (1,441)      (1,103)
  Transportation................................      26,222       27,272       27,608       29,485       31,099       33,332       35,004       38,066 
  Community and regional development............       5,051        5,294        5,362        8,498        6,811        6,838        9,052       10,454 
                                                                                                                                                        
Net interest....................................     138,652      151,838      169,266      184,221      194,541      199,421      198,811      202,957 
      (On-budget)...............................    (143,942)    (159,253)    (180,661)    (200,212)    (214,763)    (223,059)    (225,599)    (232,160)
      (Off-budget)..............................     (-5,290)     (-7,416)    (-11,395)    (-15,991)    (-20,222)    (-23,637)    (-26,788)    (-29,203)
                                                                                                                                                        
Other functions.................................      62,588       57,222       57,822       60,893       71,081       75,136       82,606       74,914 
                                                                                                                                                        
  International affairs.........................      11,649       10,471        9,573       13,764       15,851       16,107       17,248       17,083 
  General science, space and technology.........       9,216       10,841       12,838       14,444       16,111       16,409       17,030       16,227 
  Agriculture...................................      26,606       17,210       16,919       11,958       15,183       15,205       20,363       15,046 
  Administration of justice.....................       7,553        9,236        9,474        9,993       12,276       14,426       14,955       15,256 
  General government............................       7,565        9,464        9,017       10,734       11,661       12,990       13,009       11,303 
                                                                                                                                                        
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............     -36,455      -36,967      -37,212      -36,615      -39,356      -39,280      -37,386      -37,772 
      (On-budget)...............................    (-33,155)    (-32,585)    (-32,354)    (-31,048)    (-33,553)    (-33,179)    (-30,970)    (-31,362)
      (Off-budget)..............................     (-3,300)     (-4,382)     (-4,858)     (-5,567)     (-5,804)     (-6,101)     (-6,416)     (-6,409)
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................   1,004,164    1,064,489    1,143,671    1,253,163    1,324,400    1,381,681    1,409,414    1,461,731 
      (On-budget)...............................    (810,332)    (861,798)    (932,760)  (1,028,098)  (1,082,713)  (1,129,343)  (1,142,827)  (1,182,359)
      (Off-budget)..............................    (193,832)    (202,691)    (210,911)    (225,065)    (241,687)    (252,339)    (266,587)    (279,372)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                As percentages of outlays                                                               
                                                                                                                                                        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................        28.1         27.3         26.5         23.9         20.6         21.6         20.7         19.3 
Human resources.................................        50.0         50.1         49.7         49.4         52.1         55.9         58.7         59.5 
Physical resources..............................         5.5          6.4          7.1         10.1         10.2          5.5          3.3          4.8 
Net interest....................................        13.8         14.3         14.8         14.7         14.7         14.4         14.1         13.9 
Other functions.................................         6.2          5.4          5.1          4.9          5.4          5.4          5.9          5.1 
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -3.6         -3.5         -3.3         -2.9         -3.0         -2.8         -2.7         -2.6 
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................       100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0 
      (On-budget)...............................       (80.7)       (81.0)       (81.6)       (82.0)       (81.8)       (81.7)       (81.1)       (80.9)
      (Off-budget)..............................       (19.3)       (19.0)       (18.4)       (18.0)       (18.2)       (18.3)       (18.9)       (19.1)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                  As percentages of GDP                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................         6.1          5.9          5.7          5.3          4.7          4.9          4.5          4.1 
Human resources.................................        10.9         10.8         10.6         10.9         11.8         12.6         12.8         12.7 
Physical resources..............................         1.2          1.4          1.5          2.2          2.3          1.2          0.7          1.0 
Net interest....................................         3.0          3.1          3.2          3.2          3.3          3.2          3.1          3.0 
Other functions.................................         1.4          1.2          1.1          1.1          1.2          1.2          1.3          1.1 
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -0.8         -0.7         -0.7         -0.6         -0.7         -0.6         -0.6         -0.6 
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................        21.8         21.5         21.4         22.0         22.6         22.5         21.8         21.4 
      (On-budget)...............................       (17.6)       (17.4)       (17.4)       (18.1)       (18.5)       (18.4)       (17.7)       (17.3)
      (Off-budget)..............................        (4.2)        (4.1)        (3.9)        (4.0)        (4.1)        (4.1)        (4.1)        (4.1)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Note: Prior to 1960, the GDP data and deflators for constant dollar data are approximations of the anticipated post-benchmark revision levels. Actual   
  post-benchmark revision levels for fiscal years prior to 1960 have not yet been released. Constant-dollar estimates are based on chain-weighted (FY   
  1992=100) deflators.                                                                                                                                  


[[Page 49]]


                                         Table 3.1--OUTLAYS BY SUPERFUNCTION AND FUNCTION: 1940-2002--Continued                                         
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                1997         1998         1999         2000         2001         2002   
           Superfunction and Function                 1995         1996       estimate     estimate     estimate     estimate     estimate     estimate 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                                        
-----------------------------------------------------------------In millions of dollars-----------------------------------------------------------------
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                                        
National defense................................     272,066      265,748      267,176      259,388      261,419      267,194      268,041      273,194 
                                                                                                                                                        
Human resources.................................     923,765      958,254    1,019,395    1,074,337    1,126,660    1,175,677    1,221,235    1,277,605 
                                                                                                                                                        
  Education, training, employment, and social                                                                                                           
   services.....................................      54,263       52,001       51,291       56,204       61,692       63,243       63,855       62,753 
  Health........................................     115,418      119,378      127,630      138,241      145,095      151,994      159,605      165,278 
  Medicare......................................     159,855      174,225      194,256      207,084      219,552      229,321      245,981      263,237 
  Income security...............................     220,493      225,989      238,855      247,499      256,397      266,154      269,327      279,972 
  Social security...............................     335,846      349,676      367,713      384,338      401,989      421,061      441,223      462,957 
      (On-budget)...............................      (5,476)      (5,807)      (6,944)      (7,626)      (8,112)      (8,677)      (8,730)      (9,932)
      (Off-budget)..............................    (330,370)    (343,869)    (360,769)    (376,712)    (393,877)    (412,384)    (432,493)    (453,025)
  Veterans benefits and services................      37,890       36,985       39,650       40,971       41,935       43,904       41,244       43,408 
                                                                                                                                                        
Physical resources..............................      59,197       64,054       68,032       78,646       81,040       86,694       79,845       77,722 
                                                                                                                                                        
  Energy........................................       4,936        2,836        2,053        2,279        1,299        2,045        1,633         -403 
  Natural resources and environment.............      22,078       21,614       22,773       22,314       22,634       23,086       23,175       22,956 
  Commerce and housing credit...................     -17,808      -10,646       -8,808        3,359        6,323       12,600        7,307        8,055 
      (On-budget)...............................    (-15,839)    (-10,020)    (-10,784)       (-735)      (5,471)     (12,771)      (9,067)      (9,398)
      (Off-budget)..............................     (-1,969)       (-626)      (1,976)      (4,094)        (852)       (-171)     (-1,760)     (-1,343)
  Transportation................................      39,350       39,565       39,262       39,259       39,384       39,317       39,365       39,164 
  Community and regional development............      10,641       10,685       12,752       11,435       11,400        9,646        8,365        7,950 
                                                                                                                                                        
Net interest....................................     232,169      241,090      247,382      249,859      251,843      248,203      244,963      238,762 
      (On-budget)...............................    (265,474)    (277,597)    (288,620)    (295,058)    (301,071)    (301,384)    (302,235)    (300,316)
      (Off-budget)..............................    (-33,305)    (-36,507)    (-41,238)    (-45,199)    (-49,228)    (-53,181)    (-57,272)    (-61,554)
                                                                                                                                                        
Other functions.................................      72,987       68,804       75,518       80,835       83,269       82,657       80,455       80,384 
                                                                                                                                                        
  International affairs.........................      16,434       13,496       14,822       14,905       15,903       15,233       15,273       15,496 
  General science, space and technology.........      16,724       16,709       16,551       16,488       16,422       16,186       16,082       16,096 
  Agriculture...................................       9,778        9,159       10,252       12,341       11,770       11,192       10,021        9,793 
  Administration of justice.....................      16,216       17,548       20,784       24,228       25,936       26,433       26,050       25,956 
  General government............................      13,835       11,892       13,109       12,873       13,238       13,613       13,029       13,043 
                                                                                                                                                        
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............     -44,455      -37,620      -46,487      -55,590      -43,531      -45,998      -50,051      -67,950 
      (On-budget)...............................    (-38,023)    (-31,342)    (-39,982)    (-48,562)    (-35,898)    (-37,642)    (-41,109)    (-58,169)
      (Off-budget)..............................     (-6,432)     (-6,278)     (-6,505)     (-7,028)     (-7,633)     (-8,356)     (-8,942)     (-9,781)
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................   1,515,729    1,560,330    1,631,016    1,687,475    1,760,700    1,814,427    1,844,488    1,879,717 
      (On-budget)...............................  (1,227,065)  (1,259,872)  (1,316,014)  (1,358,896)  (1,422,832)  (1,463,751)  (1,479,969)  (1,499,370)
      (Off-budget)..............................    (288,664)    (300,458)    (315,002)    (328,579)    (337,868)    (350,676)    (364,519)    (380,347)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                As percentages of outlays                                                               
                                                                                                                                                        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................        17.9         17.0         16.4         15.4         14.8         14.7         14.5         14.5 
Human resources.................................        60.9         61.4         62.5         63.7         64.0         64.8         66.2         68.0 
Physical resources..............................         3.9          4.1          4.2          4.7          4.6          4.8          4.3          4.1 
Net interest....................................        15.3         15.5         15.2         14.8         14.3         13.7         13.3         12.7 
Other functions.................................         4.8          4.4          4.6          4.8          4.7          4.6          4.4          4.3 
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -2.9         -2.4         -2.9         -3.3         -2.5         -2.5         -2.7         -3.6 
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................       100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0 
      (On-budget)...............................       (81.0)       (80.7)       (80.7)       (80.5)       (80.8)       (80.7)       (80.2)       (79.8)
      (Off-budget)..............................       (19.0)       (19.3)       (19.3)       (19.5)       (19.2)       (19.3)       (19.8)       (20.2)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                  As percentages of GDP                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................         3.8          3.6          3.4          3.2          3.0          3.0          2.8          2.7 
Human resources.................................        12.9         12.8         13.0         13.1         13.1         13.0         12.9         12.8 
Physical resources..............................         0.8          0.9          0.9          1.0          0.9          1.0          0.8          0.8 
Net interest....................................         3.2          3.2          3.1          3.0          2.9          2.7          2.6          2.4 
Other functions.................................         1.0          0.9          1.0          1.0          1.0          0.9          0.8          0.8 
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -0.6         -0.5         -0.6         -0.7         -0.5         -0.5         -0.5         -0.7 
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................        21.1         20.8         20.8         20.5         20.4         20.1         19.4         18.9 
      (On-budget)...............................       (17.1)       (16.8)       (16.8)       (16.5)       (16.5)       (16.2)       (15.6)       (15.0)
      (Off-budget)..............................        (4.0)        (4.0)        (4.0)        (4.0)        (3.9)        (3.9)        (3.8)        (3.8)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Note: Prior to 1960, the GDP data and deflators for constant dollar data are approximations of the anticipated post-benchmark revision levels. Actual   
  post-benchmark revision levels for fiscal years prior to 1960 have not yet been released. Constant-dollar estimates are based on chain-weighted (FY   
  1992=100) deflators.