[The Budget of the U.S., FY 1998] 


           THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1998, HISTORICAL TABLES

 
                    Contents of the Historical Tables                   
                                                                        
Introduction:                                                      Page 
   Structure, Coverage and Concepts..............................       1
   Section Notes.................................................       5
   Historical Trends.............................................      15
                                                                        
Section 1--Overview of Federal Government Finances..............      19
   Table 1.1--Summary of Receipts, Outlays, and Surpluses or            
     Deficits (-): 1789-2002....................................      19
   Table 1.2--Summary of Receipts, Outlays, and Surpluses or            
     Deficits (-) as Percentages of GDP: 1930-2002..............      21
   Table 1.3--Summary of Receipts, Outlays, and Surpluses or            
     Deficits (-) in Current Dollars, Constant (FY 1992) Dollars,         
     and as Percentages of GDP: 1940-2002.......................      23
   Table 1.4--Receipts, Outlays, and Surpluses or Deficits (-)          
     by Fund Group: 1934-2002...................................      25
                                                                        
Section 2--Composition of Federal Government Receipts...........      27
   Table 2.1--Receipts by Source: 1934-2002.....................      27
   Table 2.2--Percentage Composition of Receipts by Source: 1934-       
     2002.......................................................      29
   Table 2.3--Receipts by Source as Percentages of GDP: 1934-           
     2002.......................................................      31
   Table 2.4--Composition of Social Insurance Taxes and                 
     Contributions and of Excise Taxes: 1940-2002...............      33
   Table 2.5--Composition of ``Other Receipts'': 1940-2002......      40
                                                                        
Section 3--Federal Government Outlays by Function...............      42
   Table 3.1--Outlays by Superfunction and Function: 1940-2002..      42
   Table 3.2--Outlays by Function and Subfunction: 1962-2002....      50                                                                        

Section 4--Federal Government Outlays by Agency.................      65
   Table 4.1--Outlays by Agency: 1962-2002......................      65
   Table 4.2--Percentage Distribution of Outlays by Agency: 1962-       
     2002.......................................................      70
                                                                        
Section 5--Budget Authority (On-and Off-Budget).................      75
   Table 5.1--Budget Authority by Function and Subfunction: 1976-       
     2002.......................................................      75
   Table 5.2--Budget Authority by Agency: 1976-2002.............      87
   Table 5.3--Percentage Distribution of Budget Authority by            
     Agency: 1976-2002..........................................      91
                                                                        
Section 6--Composition of Federal Government Outlays............      95
   Table 6.1--Composition of Outlays: 1940-2002.................      95
                                                                        
Section 7--Federal Debt.........................................     102
   Table 7.1--Federal Debt at the End of Year: 1940-2002........     102
   Table 7.2--Debt Subject to Statutory Limit: 1940-2002........     104
   Table 7.3--Statutory Limits on Federal Debt: 1940-Current....     105
                                                                        
Section 8--Outlays by Budget Enforcement Act Category...........     109
   Table 8.1--Outlays by Budget Enforcement Act Category: 1962-         
     2002.......................................................     109
   Table 8.2--Outlays by Budget Enforcement Act Category in             
     Constant (FY 1992) Dollars: 1962-2002......................     110
   Table 8.3--Percentage Distribution of Outlays by Budget              
     Enforcement Act Category: 1962-2002........................     111
   Table 8.4--Outlays by Budget Enforcement Act Category as             
     Percentages of GDP: 1962-2002..............................     112
   Table 8.5--Outlays for Mandatory and Related Programs: 1962-         
     2002.......................................................     113
   Table 8.6--Outlays for Mandatory and Related Programs in             
     Constant (FY 1992) Dollars: 1962-2002......................     118
   Table 8.7--Outlays for Discretionary Programs: 1962-2002.....     123
   Table 8.8--Outlays for Discretionary Programs in Constant (FY        
     1992) Dollars: 1962-2002...................................     128
   Table 8.9--Budget Authority for Discretionary Programs: 1976-        
     2002.......................................................     133
                                                                        
Section 9--Federal Government Outlays for Major Physical                
 Capital, Research and Development, and Education and Training..     137
   Table 9.1--Total Investment Outlays for Physical Capital,            
   Research and Development, and Education and Training: 1962-          
     1998.......................................................     137
   Table 9.2--Major Physical Capital Investment Outlays in              
     Current and Constant (FY 1992) Dollars: 1940-1998..........     138
   Table 9.3--Major Public Physical Capital Investment Outlays          
     in Percentage Terms: 1940-1998.............................     140
   Table 9.4--National Defense Outlays for Major Public Direct          
     Physical Capital Investment: 1940-1998.....................     141
   Table 9.5--Nondefense Outlays for Major Public Direct                
     Physical Capital Investment: 1940-1998.....................     142
   Table 9.6--Composition of Outlays for Grants for Major Public        
     Physical Capital Investment: 1941-1998.....................     144
   Table 9.7--Summary of Outlays for the Conduct of Research and        
     Development: 1949-1998 (In Current Dollars, as Percentages         
     of Total Outlays, as Percentages of GDP, and in Constant             
     (FY 1992) Dollars).........................................     150
   Table 9.8--Composition of Outlays for the Conduct of Research        
     and Development: 1949-1998.................................     151
   Table 9.9--Composition of Outlays for the Conduct of                 
     Education and Training: 1962-1998..........................     157
                                                                        
Section 10--Gross Domestic Product and Implicit Outlay Deflators     160
   Table 10.1--Gross Domestic Product and Deflators Used in the         
     Historical Tables: 1940-2002...............................     160
                                                                        
Section 11--Federal Government Payments for Individuals.........     162
   Table 11.1--Summary Comparison of Outlays for Payments for           
     Individuals: 1940-2002 (In Current Dollars, as Percentages        
     of Total Outlays, as Percentages of GDP, and in Constant          
     (FY 1992) Dollars).........................................     162
   Table 11.2--Functional Composition of Outlays for Payments           
     for Individuals: 1940-2002.................................     164
   Table 11.3--Outlays for Payments for Individuals by Category         
     and Major Program: 1940-2002...............................     172
                                                                        
Section 12--Federal Grants To State and Local Governments.......     194
   Table 12.1--Summary Comparison of Total Outlays for Grants to        
     State and Local Governments: 1940-2002 (in Current Dollars,          
     as Percentages of Total Outlays, as Percentages of GDP, and          
     in Constant (FY 1992) Dollars).............................     194
   Table 12.2--Total Outlays for Grants to State and Local              
     Governments, by Function and Fund Group: 1940-2002.........     196
   Table 12.3--Total Outlays for Grants to State and Local              
     Governments, by Function, Agency, and Program: 1940-2002...     202
                                                                        
Section 13--Social Security and Medicare........................     244
   Table 13.1--Cash Income, Outgo, and Balances of the Social           
     Security and Medicare Trust Funds: 1936-2002...............     244
                                                                        
Section 14--Federal Sector Transactions in the National Income          
 and Product Accounts...........................................     254
   Table 14.1--Federal Transactions in the National Income and          
     Product Accounts for Federal Fiscal Years: 1960-1998.......     254
   Table 14.2--Federal Transactions in the National Income and          
     Product Accounts as Percentages of GDP for Federal Fiscal            
     Years: 1960-1998...........................................     257
                                                                        
Section 15--Total (Federal and State and Local) Government              
 Finances.......................................................     260
   Table 15.1--Total Government Receipts in Absolute Amounts and        
     as Percentages of GDP: 1960-1996...........................     260
   Table 15.2--Total Government Expenditures: 1960-1996.........     261
   Table 15.3--Total Government Expenditures as Percentages of          
     GDP: 1960-1996.............................................     262
   Table 15.4--Total Government Expenditures by Major Category          
     of Expenditure: 1960-1996..................................     263
   Table 15.5--Total Government Expenditures by Major Category          
     of Expenditure as Percentages of GDP: 1960-1996............     264
   Table 15.6--Total Government Surpluses or Deficits (-) in            
     Absolute Amounts and as Percentages of GDP: 1960-1996......     265
                                                                        
Section 16--Federal Health Spending.............................     266
   Table 16.1--Total Outlays for Health Programs: 1962-2002.....     266
                                                                        
Section 17--Government Employment...............................     267
   Table 17.1--Total Executive Branch Civilian Employees, 1940-         
     1996.......................................................     267
   Table 17.2--Total Executive Branch Civilian Employees, 1940-         
     1996 (as percentage of total)..............................     268
   Table 17.3--Total Executive Branch Civilian Full-Time                
     Equivalent (FTE) Employees, 1981-1999......................     269
   Table 17.4--Total Executive Branch Civilian Full-Time                
     Equivalent (FTE) Employees, 1981-1998 (as percentage of            
     total).....................................................     270
   Table 17.5--Government Employment and Population, 1962-1996..     271