[Appendix, Budget of the United States Government, Fiscal Year 1999]
[Page 271-277]
[DOCID:1999_app_mil-5]
From the Budget of the U.S., FY 1999 Online via GPO Access
[wais.access.gpo.gov]

 
               RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

    Appropriations in this title support modernization through basic and 
applied research, fabrication of technology-demonstration devices, and 
development and testing of prototypes and full-scale preproduction 
hardware. This work is performed by contractors, government laboratories 
and facilities, universities and nonprofit organizations. Research and 
development programs are funded to cover annual needs. Resources 
presented under the Research, Development, Test, and Evaluaton title 
contribute primarily to achieving the Department's corporate goals 3 
(modernization of warfighting capabilities) and 4 (transformation of 
U.S. Forces). A detailed description of the corporate goals is contained 
in the FY 1999 Performance Plan in the Department's 1998 Annual Report 
to the President and Congress. This performance plan is required by the 
Government Performance and Results Act of 1993.

    The budget plan for each appropriation is shown as a separate table 
immediately following the program and financing schedules for that 
appropriation. Funds for each fiscal year are available for obligation 
for a two-year period beginning on the first day of that fiscal year.

    The 1999 budget provides for major technology and development 
efforts. These include science and technology programs emphasizing dual-
use technologies, stealth technologies, ballistic missile defense, Army 
digitization initiatives, the Cru

[[Page 272]]

sader Artillery System, advanced anti-tank weapons, the RAH-66 Comanche 
Helicopter, the F-22 Advanced Tactical Fighter, the F/A-18 E/F improved 
multirole fighter aircraft, the Joint Strike Fighter program, 
development of a new attack submarine and new classes of aircraft 
carriers and surface combatants, the V-22 tiltrotor aircraft, the 
Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle program, and a new space-based warning 
system.

    The Department will continue to emphasize technology efforts that 
ensure that the Nation will maintain a technological advantage over 
potential adversaries. Advanced Concept Technology Demonstrations will 
continue to receive particular emphasis. Development and evaluation of 
technologies will be pursued through prototyping with further 
development and production based on identifiable threats and maturity of 
the technology.

                                <F-dash>

                              Federal Funds

General and special funds:

            Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation, Army

    For expenses necessary for basic and applied scientific research, 
development, test and evaluation, including maintenance, rehabilitation, 
lease, and operation of facilities and equipment; [$5,156,507,000] 
$4,780,545,000, to remain available for obligation until September 30, 
[1999] 2000. (10 U.S.C. 2353; Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 
1998.)

               Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 21-2040-0-1-999      1997 actual   1998 est.   1999 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Obligations by program activity:
      Direct program:

00.01   Basic research..................         178         173         200
00.02   Applied research................         540         659         518
00.03   Advanced technology development.         579         797         492
00.04   Demonstration/validation........         542         439         507
00.05   Engineering and manufacturing 
          development...................       1,184       1,158       1,264
00.06   Management support..............       1,181       1,094       1,079
00.07   Operational system development..         717         740         735
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
00.91     Total direct program..........       4,921       5,060       4,796
09.01 Reimbursable program..............       1,524       1,684       1,383
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
10.00   Total obligations...............       6,445       6,743       6,179
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Budgetary resources available for obligation:
      Unobligated balance available, start of year:

        Uninvested:
21.40     Uninvested....................         242         583         323
21.40     Available to finance new 
            budget plans................                       6
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
21.99     Total unobligated balance, 
            start of year...............         242         589         323
22.00 New budget authority (gross)......       6,611       6,458       6,164
22.10 Resources available from 
        recoveries of prior year 
        obligations.....................         159
22.22 Unobligated balance transferred 
        from other accounts.............          24          20
22.30 Unobligated balance expiring......          -2
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
23.90   Total budgetary resources 
          available for obligation......       7,034       7,067       6,487
23.95 New obligations...................      -6,445      -6,743      -6,179
      Unobligated balance available, end of year:

        Uninvested:
24.40     For completion of prior year 
            budget plans................         583         323         308
24.40     Available to finance 
            subsequent year budget plans           6
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
24.99   Total unobligated balance, end 
          of year.......................         589         323         308
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    New budget authority (gross), detail:
      Current:

40.00   Appropriation...................       4,928       5,157       4,781
40.36   Unobligated balance rescinded...                      -6
40.76   Reduction pursuant to P.L. 105-
          56............................                    -160
40.79   Line item veto cancellation.....                     -17
41.00   Transferred to other DoD 
          accounts......................         -31         -16
42.00   Transferred from other accounts.                      62
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
43.00     Appropriation (total).........       4,898       5,019       4,781
      Permanent:

        Spending authority from 
            offsetting collections:
68.00     Offsetting collections (cash).       1,427       1,439       1,383
68.10     Change in orders on hand from 
            Federal sources.............         278
68.15     Adjustment to orders on hand 
            from Federal sources........           9
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
68.90       Spending authority from 
              offsetting collections 
              (total)...................       1,714       1,439       1,383
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
70.00   Total new budget authority 
          (gross).......................       6,611       6,458       6,164
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Change in unpaid obligations:
      Unpaid obligations, start of year:

72.40   Obligated balance: Uninvested...       2,784       2,437       2,777
72.95   Orders on hand from Federal 
          sources.......................         581         859         859
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
72.99     Total unpaid obligations, 
            start of year...............       3,365       3,296       3,636
73.10 New obligations...................       6,445       6,743       6,179
73.20 Total outlays (gross).............      -6,286      -6,404      -6,277
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts...         -70
73.45 Adjustments in unexpired accounts.        -159
      Unpaid obligations, end of year:

74.40   Obligated balance: Uninvested...       2,437       2,777       2,679
74.95   Orders on hand from Federal 
          sources.......................         859         859         859
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
74.99     Total unpaid obligations, end 
            of year.....................       3,296       3,636       3,538
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new current authority       2,807       2,911       2,773
86.93 Outlays from current balances.....       2,052       2,054       2,121
86.97 Outlays from new permanent 
        authority.......................       1,427       1,439       1,383
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
87.00   Total outlays (gross)...........       6,286       6,404       6,277
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Offsets:
      Against gross budget authority and outlays:

        Offsetting collections (cash) 
            from:
88.00     Federal sources...............      -1,400      -1,439      -1,383
88.40     Non-Federal sources...........         -27
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
88.90       Total, offsetting 
              collections (cash)........      -1,427      -1,439      -1,383
88.95 Change in orders on hand from 
        Federal sources.................        -278
88.96 Adjustment to orders on hand from 
        Federal sources.................          -9
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority..................       4,898       5,019       4,781
90.00 Outlays...........................       4,859       4,965       4,894
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                    Budget Plan (in millions of dollars)

 (amount for research, development, test and evaluation actions programmed)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 21-2040-0-1-999      1997 actual   1998 est.   1999 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Direct:
0701  Basic research....................         175         181         201
0702  Applied research..................         542         654         511
0703  Advanced technology development...         654         658         484
0704  Demonstration/validation..........         540         563         466
0705  Engineering manufacturing 
        development.....................       1,146       1,162       1,269
0706  Management support................       1,145       1,129       1,077
0707  Operational system development....         716         679         773
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
0791    Total direct....................       4,916       5,025       4,781
0801  Reimbursable......................       1,671       1,439       1,383
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
0893  Total budget plan.................       6,587       6,464       6,164
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

               Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 21-2040-0-1-999      1997 actual   1998 est.   1999 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

      Direct obligations:

        Personnel compensation:
11.1      Full-time permanent...........         616         498         497
11.3      Other than full-time permanent          17         119         103
11.5      Other personnel compensation..          37          37          36
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
11.9        Total personnel compensation         670         654         636
12.1    Civilian personnel benefits.....         135         144         139
13.0    Benefits for former personnel...          14           7
21.0    Travel and transportation of 
          persons.......................          62          54          52
22.0    Transportation of things........          10           7           7
23.1    Rental payments to GSA..........           4
23.3    Communications, utilities, and 
          miscellaneous charges.........          34          30          29
24.0    Printing and reproduction.......           3           2           2

[[Page 273]]

25.1    Advisory and assistance services          41         116         143
25.2    Other services..................       3,685       3,713       3,463
26.0    Supplies and materials..........          98         103         100
31.0    Equipment.......................          56          57          56
32.0    Land and structures.............           5           2           2
41.0    Grants, subsidies, and 
          contributions.................         103         171         166
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
99.0      Subtotal, direct obligations..       4,921       5,060       4,796
99.0  Reimbursable obligations..........       1,524       1,684       1,383
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
99.9    Total obligations...............       6,445       6,743       6,179
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                              Personnel Summary

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 21-2040-0-1-999      1997 actual   1998 est.   1999 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Direct:
1001  Total compensable workyears: Full-
        time equivalent employment......      13,858      12,950      12,995
    Reimbursable:
2001  Total compensable workyears: Full-
        time equivalent employment......       8,756      10,190       9,337
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                <F-dash>

            Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation, Navy

    For expenses necessary for basic and applied scientific research, 
development, test and evaluation, including maintenance, rehabilitation, 
lease, and operation of facilities and equipment; [$8,115,686,000] 
$8,108,923,000, to remain available for obligation until September 30, 
[1999] 2000: Provided, That funds appropriated in this paragraph which 
are available for the V-22 may be used to meet unique requirements of 
the Special Operations Forces. (10 U.S.C. 174, 2352-54, 7522; Department 
of Defense Appropriations Act, 1998.)

               Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 17-1319-0-1-051      1997 actual   1998 est.   1999 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Obligations by program activity:
      Direct program:

00.01   Basic research..................         347         322         361
00.02   Applied research................         539         510         523
00.03   Advanced technology development.         527         489         464
00.04   Demonstration/validation........       1,948       2,132       2,350
00.05   Engineering and manufacturing 
          development...................       2,121       2,232       2,073
00.06   Management support..............         707         555         613
00.07   Operational system development..       1,843       1,630       1,711
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
00.91     Total direct program..........       8,032       7,871       8,095
09.01 Reimbursable program..............         133         113         110
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
10.00   Total obligations...............       8,165       7,983       8,205
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Budgetary resources available for obligation:
      Unobligated balance available, start of year:

        Uninvested:
21.40     For completion of prior year 
            budget plans................         605         473         479
21.40     Available to finance new 
            budget plans................           4          54
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
21.99     Total unobligated balance, 
            start of year...............         610         527         479
22.00 New budget authority (gross)......       8,045       7,950       8,219
22.10 Resources available from 
        recoveries of prior year 
        obligations.....................          33
22.21 Unobligated balance transferred to 
        other accounts..................                     -14
22.22 Unobligated balance transferred 
        from other accounts.............           5
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
23.90   Total budgetary resources 
          available for obligation......       8,692       8,463       8,698
23.95 New obligations...................      -8,165      -7,983      -8,205
      Unobligated balance available, end of year:

        Uninvested:
24.40     For completion of prior year 
            budget plans................         473         479         493
24.40     Available to finance 
            subsequent year budget plans          54
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
24.99   Total unobligated balance, end 
          of year.......................         527         479         493
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    New budget authority (gross), detail:
      Current:

40.00   Appropriation...................       7,993       8,116       8,109
40.36   Unobligated balance rescinded...          -4         -40
40.76   Reduction pursuant to P.L. 105-
          56............................                    -251
40.79   Line item veto cancellation.....                      -6
41.00   Transferred to other DoD 
          accounts......................        -182         -43
42.00   Transferred from other accounts.         110          65
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
43.00     Appropriation (total).........       7,917       7,840       8,109
      Permanent:

        Spending authority from 
            offsetting collections:
68.00     Offsetting collections (cash).         133         110         110
68.10     Change in orders on hand from 
            Federal sources.............          -9
68.15     Adjustment to orders on hand 
            from Federal sources........           4
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
68.90       Spending authority from 
              offsetting collections 
              (total)...................         128         110         110
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
70.00   Total new budget authority 
          (gross).......................       8,045       7,950       8,219
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Change in unpaid obligations:
      Unpaid obligations, start of year:

72.40   Obligated balance: Uninvested...       4,154       3,857       4,105
72.95   Orders on hand from Federal 
          sources.......................         156         147         147
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
72.99     Total unpaid obligations, 
            start of year...............       4,311       4,003       4,252
73.10 New obligations...................       8,165       7,983       8,205
73.20 Total outlays (gross).............      -8,353      -7,735      -8,084
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts...         -87
73.45 Adjustments in unexpired accounts.         -33
      Unpaid obligations, end of year:

74.40   Obligated balance: Uninvested...       3,857       4,105       4,226
74.95   Orders on hand from Federal 
          sources.......................         147         147         147
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
74.99     Total unpaid obligations, end 
            of year.....................       4,003       4,252       4,373
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new current authority       4,772       4,547       4,703
86.93 Outlays from current balances.....       3,448       3,078       3,271
86.97 Outlays from new permanent 
        authority.......................         128         110         110
86.98 Outlays from permanent balances...           5
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
87.00   Total outlays (gross)...........       8,353       7,735       8,084
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Offsets:
      Against gross budget authority and outlays:

        Offsetting collections (cash) 
            from:
88.00     Federal sources...............        -116        -110        -110
88.40     Non-Federal sources...........         -17
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
88.90       Total, offsetting 
              collections (cash)........        -133        -110        -110
88.95 Change in orders on hand from 
        Federal sources.................           9
88.96 Adjustment to orders on hand from 
        Federal sources.................          -4
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority..................       7,917       7,840       8,109
90.00 Outlays...........................       8,220       7,625       7,974
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                    Budget Plan (in millions of dollars)

 (amount for research, development, test, and evaluation actions programmed)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 17-1319-0-1-051      1997 actual   1998 est.   1999 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Direct:
0701  Basic research....................         346         339         363
0702  Applied research..................         514         494         525
0703  Advanced technology development...         462         515         461
0704  Demonstration/validation..........       1,904       2,219       2,358
0705  Engineering manufacturing support.       2,154       2,227       2,063
0706  Management support................         681         551         617
0707  Operational system development....       1,823       1,535       1,722
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
0791    Total direct....................       7,884       7,880       8,109
0801  Reimbursable......................         121         110         110
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
0893  Total budget plan.................       8,006       7,990       8,219
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

               Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 17-1319-0-1-051      1997 actual   1998 est.   1999 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

      Direct obligations:

        Personnel compensation:
11.1      Full-time permanent...........          44          44          43
11.3      Other than full-time permanent           3           3           2
11.5      Other personnel compensation..           1           2           2
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
11.9        Total personnel compensation          48          49          47
12.1    Civilian personnel benefits.....          10          11          10
13.0    Benefits for former personnel...           1
21.0    Travel and transportation of 
          persons.......................          27          28          29
22.0    Transportation of things........           1           1           1

[[Page 274]]

23.2    Rental payments to others.......           3           3           3
23.3    Communications, utilities, and 
          miscellaneous charges.........           5           5           5
25.1    Advisory and assistance services         247         223         225
25.2    Other services..................          11         235          96
        Purchases of goods and services 
            from Government accounts:
25.3      Purchases of goods and 
            services from Government 
            accounts....................         651         664         678
25.3      Purchases from revolving funds       2,385       2,078       2,184
25.5    Research and development 
          contracts.....................       4,622       4,552       4,795
25.7    Operation and maintenance of 
          equipment.....................           2           2           2
26.0    Supplies and materials..........           8           8           8
31.0    Equipment.......................          11          11          11
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
99.0      Subtotal, direct obligations..       8,032       7,871       8,095
99.0  Reimbursable obligations..........         133         113         110
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
99.9    Total obligations...............       8,165       7,983       8,205
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                              Personnel Summary

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 17-1319-0-1-051      1997 actual   1998 est.   1999 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Direct:
1001  Total compensable workyears: Full-
        time equivalent employment......         960         852         804
    Reimbursable:
2001  Total compensable workyears: Full-
        time equivalent employment......         919         964         976
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                <F-dash>

         Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation, Air Force

    For expenses necessary for basic and applied scientific research, 
development, test and evaluation, including maintenance, rehabilitation, 
lease, and operation of facilities and equipment; [$14,507,804,000] 
$13,598,093,000, to remain available for obligation until September 30, 
[1999: Provided, That of the funds made available in this paragraph, 
$4,000,000 shall be only for development of coal-derived jet fuel 
technologies] 2000. (10 U.S.C. 174, 1581, 1584, 2271-79, 2352-54, 2386, 
2663, 2672, 2672a, 8012, 9503-04, 9532; 42 U.S.C. 1891-92; 50 U.S.C. 
App. 2093(g); Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 1998.)

               Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 57-3600-0-1-051      1997 actual   1998 est.   1999 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Obligations by program activity:
      Direct program:

00.01   Basic research..................         188         178         209
00.02   Applied research................         629         539         581
00.03   Advanced technology development.         492         424         373
00.04   Demonstration/validation........         814       1,021       1,260
00.05   Engineering and manufacturing 
          development...................       4,495       4,058       3,800
00.06   Management support..............       1,056         980         604
00.07   Operational system development..       6,279       6,419       6,809
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
00.91     Total direct program..........      13,953      13,619      13,637
09.01 Reimbursable program..............       1,771       2,338       2,300
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
10.00   Total obligations...............      15,724      15,957      15,937
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Budgetary resources available for obligation:
      Unobligated balance available, start of year:

        Uninvested:
21.40     For completion of prior year 
            budget plans................       1,240       1,229       1,628
21.40     Available to finance new 
            budget plans................         184          25
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
21.99     Total unobligated balance, 
            start of year...............       1,423       1,254       1,628
22.00 New budget authority (gross)......      15,744      16,331      15,898
22.10 Resources available from 
        recoveries of prior year 
        obligations.....................           2
22.21 Unobligated balance transferred to 
        other accounts..................        -214
22.22 Unobligated balance transferred 
        from other accounts.............          52
22.30 Unobligated balance expiring......         -28
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
23.90   Total budgetary resources 
          available for obligation......      16,978      17,585      17,526
23.95 New obligations...................     -15,724     -15,957     -15,937
      Unobligated balance available, end of year:

        Uninvested:
24.40     For completion of prior year 
            budget plans................       1,229       1,628       1,590
24.40     Available to finance 
            subsequent year budget plans          25
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
24.99   Total unobligated balance, end 
          of year.......................       1,254       1,628       1,590
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    New budget authority (gross), detail:
      Current:

40.00   Appropriation...................      13,982      14,508      13,598
40.36   Unobligated balance rescinded...                     -25
40.76   Reduction pursuant to P.L. 105-
          56............................                    -474
40.79   Line item veto cancellation.....                     -42
41.00   Transferred to other DoD 
          accounts......................        -277         -10
42.00   Transferred from other DoD 
          accounts......................         311          74
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
43.00     Appropriation (total).........      14,017      14,031      13,598
      Permanent:

        Spending authority from 
            offsetting collections:
68.00     Offsetting collections (cash).       2,029       2,300       2,300
68.10     Change in orders on hand from 
            Federal sources.............        -426
68.15     Adjustment to orders on hand 
            from Federal sources........         124
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
68.90       Spending authority from 
              offsetting collections 
              (total)...................       1,727       2,300       2,300
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
70.00   Total new budget authority 
          (gross).......................      15,744      16,331      15,898
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Change in unpaid obligations:
      Unpaid obligations, start of year:

72.40   Obligated balance: Uninvested...       6,490       6,458       6,184
72.95   Orders on hand from Federal 
          sources.......................       1,406         980         980
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
72.99     Total unpaid obligations, 
            start of year...............       7,896       7,438       7,164
73.10 New obligations...................      15,724      15,957      15,937
73.20 Total outlays (gross).............     -16,069     -16,231     -15,808
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts...        -111
73.45 Adjustments in unexpired accounts.          -2
      Unpaid obligations, end of year:

74.40   Obligated balance: Uninvested...       6,458       6,184       6,313
74.95   Orders on hand from Federal 
          sources.......................         980         980         980
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
74.99     Total unpaid obligations, end 
            of year.....................       7,438       7,164       7,293
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new current authority       8,126       7,108       6,895
86.93 Outlays from current balances.....       5,914       6,823       6,613
86.97 Outlays from new permanent 
        authority.......................       1,727       2,300       2,300
86.98 Outlays from permanent balances...         302
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
87.00   Total outlays (gross)...........      16,069      16,231      15,808
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Offsets:
      Against gross budget authority and outlays:

        Offsetting collections (cash) 
            from:
88.00     Federal sources...............      -1,980      -2,300      -2,300
88.40     Non-Federal sources...........         -49
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
88.90       Total, offsetting 
              collections (cash)........      -2,029      -2,300      -2,300
88.95 Change in orders on hand from 
        Federal sources.................         426
88.96 Adjustment to orders on hand from 
        Federal sources.................        -124
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority..................      14,017      14,031      13,598
90.00 Outlays...........................      14,040      13,931      13,508
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                    Budget Plan (in millions of dollars)

 (amount for research, development, test, and evaluation actions programmed)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 57-3600-0-1-051      1997 actual   1998 est.   1999 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Direct:
0701  Basic research....................         182         196         209
0702  Applied research..................         635         568         582
0703  Advanced technology development...         453         426         379
0704  Demonstration/validation..........         835       1,069       1,283
0705  Engineering manufacturing 
        development.....................       4,521       4,153       3,751
0706  Management support................       1,053       1,019         554
0707  Operational system development....       6,411       6,551       6,839
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
0791    Total direct....................      14,090      13,982      13,598

[[Page 275]]

0801  Reimbursable......................       1,769       2,300       2,300
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
0893  Total budget plan.................      15,859      16,282      15,898
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

               Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 57-3600-0-1-051      1997 actual   1998 est.   1999 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

      Direct obligations:

        Personnel compensation:
11.1      Full-time permanent...........         278         311         251
11.3      Other than full-time permanent           6          25          20
11.5      Other personnel compensation..          20          10           8
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
11.9        Total personnel compensation         304         346         279
12.1    Civilian personnel benefits.....          99          76          62
13.0    Benefits for former personnel...           4           6           7
21.0    Travel and transportation of 
          persons.......................          39          38          35
22.0    Transportation of things........           6           6           5
23.3    Communications, utilities, and 
          miscellaneous charges.........          21          19          18
24.0    Printing and reproduction.......           2           2           2
25.1    Advisory and assistance services          58          42          41
25.2    Other services..................       7,446       6,162       6,043
25.3    Purchases of goods and services 
          from Government accounts......          79          71          69
25.4    Operation and maintenance of 
          facilities....................         114          76          86
25.5    Research and development 
          contracts.....................       5,714       6,690       6,907
26.0    Supplies and materials..........          21          45          43
31.0    Equipment.......................          44          39          38
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
99.0      Subtotal, direct obligations..      13,953      13,619      13,637
99.0  Reimbursable obligations..........       1,771       2,338       2,300
99.5  Below reporting threshold.........           1                       3
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
99.9    Total obligations...............      15,724      15,957      15,937
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                              Personnel Summary

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 57-3600-0-1-051      1997 actual   1998 est.   1999 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Direct:
1001  Total compensable workyears: Full-
        time equivalent employment......       6,129       6,643       5,349
    Reimbursable:
2001  Total compensable workyears: Full-
        time equivalent employment......       4,013       3,435       2,711
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                <F-dash>

        Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation, Defense-Wide

    For expenses of activities and agencies of the Department of Defense 
(other than the military departments), necessary for basic and applied 
scientific research, development, test and evaluation; advanced research 
projects as may be designated and determined by the Secretary of 
Defense, pursuant to law; maintenance, rehabilitation, lease, and 
operation of facilities and equipment; [$9,821,760,000] $9,314,665,000, 
to remain available for obligation until September 30, [1999: Provided, 
That not less than $409,898,000 of the funds appropriated in this 
paragraph shall be made available only for the Sea-Based Wide Area 
Defense (Navy Upper-Tier) Program: Provided further, That funds 
appropriated for the Dual-Use Applications Program under section 5803 of 
the Treasury, Postal Service, and General Government Appropriations Act, 
1997 (Public Law 104-208), shall remain available for obligation until 
September 30, 1998] 2000. (Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 
1998.)

               Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 97-0400-0-1-051      1997 actual   1998 est.   1999 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Obligations by program activity:
      Direct program:

00.01   Basic research..................         354         302         397
00.02   Applied research................       1,143       1,216       1,408
00.03   Advanced technology development.       2,077       2,052       1,634
00.04   Demonstration/validation........       2,677       2,504       2,429
00.05   Engineering and manufacturing 
          development...................         652         689         865
00.06   Management support..............         317         272         222
00.07   Operational system development..       2,286       2,186       2,314
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
00.91     Total direct program..........       9,507       9,220       9,270
09.01 Reimbursable program..............         227         431         320
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
10.00   Total obligations...............       9,734       9,651       9,590
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Budgetary resources available for obligation:
      Unobligated balance available, start of year:

        Uninvested:
21.40     For completion of prior year 
            budget plans................       1,110       1,051       1,285
21.40     Available to finance new 
            budget plans................          10          62
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
21.99     Total unobligated balance, 
            start of year...............       1,120       1,113       1,285
22.00 New budget authority (gross)......       9,546       9,824       9,771
22.10 Resources available from 
        recoveries of prior year 
        obligations.....................         179
22.21 Unobligated balance transferred to 
        other accounts..................         -10
22.22 Unobligated balance transferred 
        from other accounts.............          48
22.30 Unobligated balance expiring......         -34
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
23.90   Total budgetary resources 
          available for obligation......      10,847      10,937      11,056
23.95 New obligations...................      -9,734      -9,651      -9,590
      Unobligated balance available, end of year:

        Uninvested:
24.40     For completion of prior year 
            budget plans................       1,051       1,285       1,466
24.40     Available to finance 
            subsequent year budget plans          62
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
24.99   Total unobligated balance, end 
          of year.......................       1,113       1,285       1,466
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    New budget authority (gross), detail:
      Current:

40.00   Appropriation...................       9,129       9,821       9,315
40.36   Unobligated balance rescinded...                     -62
40.76   Reduction pursuant to P.L. 105-
          56............................                    -325
40.79   Line item veto cancellation.....                     -40
41.00   Transferred to other DoD 
          accounts......................          -3          -4
42.00   Transferred from other DoD 
          accounts......................         153          44
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
43.00     Appropriation (total).........       9,279       9,434       9,315
      Permanent:

        Spending authority from 
            offsetting collections:
68.00     Offsetting collections (cash).         222         389         456
68.10     Change in orders on hand from 
            Federal sources.............          42
68.15     Adjustment to orders on hand 
            from Federal sources........           2
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
68.90       Spending authority from 
              offsetting collections 
              (total)...................         266         389         456
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
70.00   Total new budget authority 
          (gross).......................       9,546       9,824       9,771
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Change in unpaid obligations:
      Unpaid obligations, start of year:

72.40   Obligated balance: Uninvested...       6,464       6,064       6,358
72.95   Orders on hand from Federal 
          sources.......................         212         254         254
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
72.99     Total unpaid obligations, 
            start of year...............       6,676       6,318       6,612
73.10 New obligations...................       9,734       9,651       9,590
73.20 Total outlays (gross).............      -9,835      -9,358      -9,716
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts...         -78
73.45 Adjustments in unexpired accounts.        -179
      Unpaid obligations, end of year:

74.40   Obligated balance: Uninvested...       6,064       6,358       6,232
74.95   Orders on hand from Federal 
          sources.......................         254         254         254
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
74.99     Total unpaid obligations, end 
            of year.....................       6,318       6,612       6,486
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new current authority       4,005       4,104       4,052
86.93 Outlays from current balances.....       5,609       4,865       5,208
86.97 Outlays from new permanent 
        authority.......................         222         389         456
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
87.00   Total outlays (gross)...........       9,835       9,358       9,716
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Offsets:
      Against gross budget authority and outlays:

        Offsetting collections (cash) 
            from:
88.00     Federal sources...............        -158        -389        -456
88.40     Non-Federal sources...........         -64
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
88.90       Total, offsetting 
              collections (cash)........        -222        -389        -456
88.95 Change in orders on hand from 
        Federal sources.................         -42
88.96 Adjustment to orders on hand from 
        Federal sources.................          -2
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority..................       9,279       9,434       9,315
90.00 Outlays...........................       9,613       8,969       9,260
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 276]]



                    Budget Plan (in millions of dollars)

 (amount for research, development, test, and evaluation actions programmed)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 97-0400-0-1-051      1997 actual   1998 est.   1999 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Direct:
0701  Basic research....................         329         326         338
0702  Applied research..................       1,130       1,281       1,529
0703  Advanced technology development...       2,071       2,164       1,609
0704  Demonstration/validation..........       2,585       2,546       2,409
0705  Engineering manufacturing 
        development.....................         716         657         903
0706  Management support................         286         224         237
0707  Operational system development....       2,195       2,299       2,289
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
0791    Total direct....................       9,313       9,496       9,315
0801  Reimbursable......................         266         389         456
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
0893  Total budget plan.................       9,579       9,886       9,771
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

               Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 97-0400-0-1-051      1997 actual   1998 est.   1999 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

      Direct obligations:

        Personnel compensation:
11.1      Full-time permanent...........          60          71          48
11.3      Other than full-time permanent           1           1           1
11.5      Other personnel compensation..           1           1           1
11.8      Special personal services 
            payments....................           6          11          13
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
11.9        Total personnel compensation          68          84          63
12.1    Civilian personnel benefits.....          11          16          12
12.2    Military personnel benefits.....           1           3           4
21.0    Travel and transportation of 
          persons.......................          18          21          19
23.1    Rental payments to GSA..........           2           2           2
23.2    Rental payments to others.......           5           6           6
23.3    Communications, utilities, and 
          miscellaneous charges.........          16           8           6
24.0    Printing and reproduction.......           1           1           1
25.1    Advisory and assistance services         352         323         288
25.2    Other services..................       2,408       2,418       2,750
25.3    Purchases of goods and services 
          from Government accounts......         140         145          77
25.5    Research and development 
          contracts.....................       6,271       6,024       5,880
26.0    Supplies and materials..........          20          18          17
31.0    Equipment.......................         182         146         140
41.0    Grants, subsidies, and 
          contributions.................           9           5           5
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
99.0      Subtotal, direct obligations..       9,502       9,220       9,270
99.0  Reimbursable obligations..........         227         431         320
41.0  Allocation Account: Grants, 
        subsidies, and contributions....           5
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
99.9    Total obligations...............       9,734       9,651       9,590
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                              Personnel Summary

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 97-0400-0-1-051      1997 actual   1998 est.   1999 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Direct:
1001  Total compensable workyears: Full-
        time equivalent employment......       1,304       1,377       1,385
    Reimbursable:
2001  Total compensable workyears: Full-
        time equivalent employment......          35          58          58
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                <F-dash>

               Developmental Test and Evaluation, Defense

    For expenses, not otherwise provided for, of independent activities 
of the Director, Test and Evaluation in the direction and supervision of 
developmental test and evaluation, including performance and joint 
developmental testing and evaluation; and administrative expenses in 
connection therewith; [$258,183,000] $251,106,000, to remain available 
for obligation until September 30, [1999] 2000. (Department of Defense 
Appropriations Act, 1998.)

               Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 97-0450-0-1-051      1997 actual   1998 est.   1999 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Obligations by program activity:
00.06 Total direct obligations: 
        Defensewide mission support.....         275         236         252
09.01 Reimbursable program..............          11          24           8
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
10.00   Total obligations...............         285         260         260
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Budgetary resources available for obligation:
      Unobligated balance available, start of year:

        Uninvested:
21.40     For completion of prior year 
            budget plans................          11          18          27
21.40     Uninvested....................           7
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
21.99     Total unobligated balance, 
            start of year...............          18          18          27
22.00 New budget authority (gross)......         281         269         259
22.10 Resources available from 
        recoveries of prior year 
        obligations.....................           5
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
23.90   Total budgetary resources 
          available for obligation......         304         287         286
23.95 New obligations...................        -285        -260        -260
24.40 Unobligated balance available, end 
        of year: For completion of prior 
        year budget plans...............          18          27          26
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    New budget authority (gross), detail:
      Current:

40.00   Appropriation...................         269         258         251
40.76   Reduction pursuant to P.L. 105-
          56............................                      -8
41.00   Transferred to other accounts...                      -5
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
43.00     Appropriation (total).........         269         246         251
      Permanent:

        Spending authority from 
            offsetting collections:
68.00     Offsetting collections (cash).          10          23           8
68.10     Change in orders on hand from 
            Federal sources.............           3
68.15     Adjustment to orders on hand 
            from Federal sources........          -1
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
68.90       Spending authority from 
              offsetting collections 
              (total)...................          12          23           8
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
70.00   Total new budget authority 
          (gross).......................         281         269         259
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Change in unpaid obligations:
      Unpaid obligations, start of year:

72.40   Obligated balance: Uninvested...         261         254         239
72.95   Orders on hand from Federal 
          sources.......................          25          28          28
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
72.99     Total unpaid obligations, 
            start of year...............         287         282         266
73.10 New obligations...................         285         260         260
73.20 Total outlays (gross).............        -282        -276        -259
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts...          -4
73.45 Adjustments in unexpired accounts.          -5
      Unpaid obligations, end of year:

74.40   Obligated balance: Uninvested...         254         239         239
74.95   Orders on hand from Federal 
          sources.......................          28          28          28
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
74.99     Total unpaid obligations, end 
            of year.....................         282         266         267
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new current authority         108          76          78
86.93 Outlays from current balances.....         164         176         173
86.97 Outlays from new permanent 
        authority.......................          10          23           8
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
87.00   Total outlays (gross)...........         282         276         259
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Offsets:
      Against gross budget authority and outlays:

88.00   Offsetting collections (cash) 
          from: Federal sources.........         -10         -23          -8
88.95 Change in orders on hand from 
        Federal sources.................          -3
88.96 Adjustment to orders on hand from 
        Federal sources.................           1
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority..................         269         246         251
90.00 Outlays...........................         272         253         251
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                    Budget Plan (in millions of dollars)

 (amount for research, development, test, and evaluation actions programmed)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 97-0450-0-1-051      1997 actual   1998 est.   1999 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Direct:
0706  Defensewide mission support.......         276         246         251
0801  Reimbursable......................          12          23           8
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------

[[Page 277]]


0893  Total budget plan.................         288         269         259
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

               Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 97-0450-0-1-051      1997 actual   1998 est.   1999 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

      Direct obligations:

25.1    Advisory and assistance services           7          17          17
25.2    Other services..................         268         218         235
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
99.0      Subtotal, direct obligations..         275         236         252
99.0  Reimbursable obligations..........          11          24           8
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
99.9    Total obligations...............         285         260         260
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                <F-dash>

                Operational Test and Evaluation, Defense

    For expenses, not otherwise provided for, necessary for the 
independent activities of the Director, Operational Test and Evaluation 
in the direction and supervision of operational test and evaluation, 
including initial operational test and evaluation which is conducted 
prior to, and in support of, production decisions; joint operational 
testing and evaluation; and administrative expenses in connection 
therewith; [$31,384,000] $25,245,000, to remain available for obligation 
until September 30, [1999] 2000. (Department of Defense Appropriations 
Act, 1998.)

               Program and Financing (in millions of dollars)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 97-0460-0-1-051      1997 actual   1998 est.   1999 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Obligations by program activity:
00.06 Total direct obligations: 
        Defensewide mission support.....          27          28          25
09.01 Reimbursable program..............                                   4
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
10.00   Defensewide mission support--
          Total obligations.............          27          28          29
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Budgetary resources available for obligation:
21.40 Unobligated balance available, 
        start of year: For completion of 
        prior year budget plans.........           3           1           3
22.00 New budget authority (gross)......          24          30          29
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
23.90   Total budgetary resources 
          available for obligation......          28          31          32
23.95 New obligations...................         -27         -28         -29
24.40 Unobligated balance available, end 
        of year: For completion of prior 
        year budget plans...............           1           3           3
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    New budget authority (gross), detail:
      Current:

40.00   Appropriation...................          24          31          25
40.76   Reduction pursuant to P.L. 105-
          56............................                      -2
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
43.00     Appropriation (total).........          24          30          25
      Permanent:

68.00   Spending authority from 
          offsetting collections: 
          Offsetting collections (cash).                                   4
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
70.00   Total new budget authority 
          (gross).......................          24          30          29
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Change in unpaid obligations:
72.40 Unpaid obligations, start of year: 
        Obligated balance: Uninvested...          11          18          18
73.10 New obligations...................          27          28          29
73.20 Total outlays (gross).............         -22         -28         -31
73.40 Adjustments in expired accounts...           2
74.40 Unpaid obligations, end of year: 
        Obligated balance: Uninvested...          18          18          16
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Outlays (gross), detail:
86.90 Outlays from new current authority          11          14          12
86.93 Outlays from current balances.....          11          14          14
86.97 Outlays from new permanent 
        authority.......................                                   4
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
87.00   Total outlays (gross)...........          22          28          31
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Offsets:
      Against gross budget authority and outlays:

88.00   Offsetting collections (cash) 
          from: Federal sources.........                                  -4
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Net budget authority and outlays:
89.00 Budget authority..................          24          30          25
90.00 Outlays...........................          21          28          27
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                    Budget Plan (in millions of dollars)

 (amount for research, development, test, and evaluation actions programmed)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 97-0460-0-1-051      1997 actual   1998 est.   1999 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
0706  Defensewide mission support.......          24          30          25
0801  Reimbursable program..............                                   4
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
0893  Total budget plan.................          24          30          29
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

               Object Classification (in millions of dollars)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Identification code 97-0460-0-1-051      1997 actual   1998 est.   1999 est.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

      Direct obligations:

25.1    Advisory and assistance services          15          20          17
25.3    Purchases of goods and services 
          from Government accounts......          11           7           8
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
99.0      Subtotal, direct obligations..          27          28          25
99.0  Reimbursable obligations..........                                   4
                                           ---------   ---------  ----------
99.9    Total obligations...............          27          28          29
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                <F-dash>