[DOCID:1999_tab_hist-10]
[Historical Tables, Budget of the United States Government, Fiscal Year 1999]
[Page 42-49]
From the Budget of the U.S., FY 1999 Online via GPO Access
[wais.access.gpo.gov]

[[Page 42]]


 
                                               Table 3.1--OUTLAYS BY SUPERFUNCTION AND FUNCTION: 1940-2003                                              
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     Superfunction and Function          1940         1941         1942         1943         1944         1945         1946         1947         1948   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                                        
-----------------------------------------------------------------In millions of dollars-----------------------------------------------------------------
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                                        
National defense...................       1,660        6,435       25,658       66,699       79,143       82,965       42,681       12,808        9,105 
                                                                                                                                                        
Human resources....................       4,139        4,158        3,599        2,659        1,928        1,859        5,493        9,909        9,868 
                                                                                                                                                        
  Education, training, employment,                                                                                                                      
   and social services.............       1,972        1,592        1,062          375          160          134           85          102          191 
  Health...........................          55           60           71           92          174          211          201          177          162 
  Income security..................       1,514        1,855        1,828        1,739        1,503        1,137        2,384        2,820        2,499 
  Social security..................          28           91          137          177          217          267          358          466          558 
  Veterans benefits and services...         570          560          501          276         -126          110        2,465        6,344        6,457 
                                                                                                                                                        
Physical resources.................       2,312        1,782        3,892        6,433        5,471        1,747          836        1,227        2,243 
                                                                                                                                                        
  Energy...........................          88           91          156          116           65           25           41           18          292 
  Natural resources and environment         997          817          819          726          642          455          482          700          780 
  Commerce and housing credit......         550          398        1,521        2,151          624       -2,630       -1,857         -923          306 
  Transportation...................         392          353        1,283        3,220        3,901        3,654        1,970        1,130          787 
  Community and regional                                                                                                                                
   development.....................         285          123          113          219          238          243          200          302           78 
                                                                                                                                                        
Net interest.......................         899          943        1,052        1,529        2,219        3,112        4,111        4,204        4,341 
      (On-budget)..................        (941)        (999)      (1,123)      (1,616)      (2,322)      (3,236)      (4,259)      (4,367)      (4,532)
      (Off-budget).................        (-42)        (-56)        (-71)        (-87)       (-103)       (-124)       (-148)       (-163)       (-191)
                                                                                                                                                        
Other functions....................         775          882        1,830        2,457        3,864        4,418        3,580        7,900        5,851 
                                                                                                                                                        
  International affairs............          51          145          968        1,286        1,449        1,913        1,935        5,791        4,566 
  General science, space and                                                                                                                            
   technology......................  ...........  ...........           4            1           48          111           34            5            1 
  Agriculture......................         369          339          344          343        1,275        1,635          610          814           69 
  Administration of justice........          81           92          117          154          192          178          176          176          170 
  General government...............         274          306          397          673          900          581          825        1,114        1,045 
                                                                                                                                                        
Undistributed offsetting receipts..        -317         -547         -894       -1,221       -1,320       -1,389       -1,468       -1,552       -1,643 
                                    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays.............       9,468       13,653       35,137       78,555       91,304       92,712       55,232       34,496       29,764 
      (On-budget)..................      (9,482)     (13,618)     (35,071)     (78,466)     (91,190)     (92,569)     (55,022)     (34,193)     (29,396)
      (Off-budget).................        (-14)         (35)         (66)         (89)        (114)        (143)        (210)        (303)        (368)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                As percentages of outlays                                                               
                                                                                                                                                        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense...................        17.5         47.1         73.0         84.9         86.7         89.5         77.3         37.1         30.6 
Human resources....................        43.7         30.5         10.2          3.4          2.1          2.0          9.9         28.7         33.2 
Physical resources.................        24.4         13.1         11.1          8.2          6.0          1.9          1.5          3.6          7.5 
Net interest.......................         9.5          6.9          3.0          1.9          2.4          3.4          7.4         12.2         14.6 
Other functions....................         8.2          6.5          5.2          3.1          4.2          4.8          6.5         22.9         19.7 
Undistributed offsetting receipts..        -3.4         -4.0         -2.5         -1.6         -1.4         -1.5         -2.7         -4.5         -5.5 
                                    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays.............       100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0 
      (On-budget)..................      (100.2)       (99.7)       (99.8)       (99.9)       (99.9)       (99.8)       (99.6)       (99.1)       (98.8)
      (Off-budget).................       (-0.2)        (0.3)        (0.2)        (0.1)        (0.1)        (0.2)        (0.4)        (0.9)        (1.2)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                  As percentages of GDP                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense...................         1.7          5.6         17.8         37.1         37.9         37.5         19.1          5.5          3.5 
Human resources....................         4.3          3.7          2.5          1.5          0.9          0.8          2.5          4.2          3.8 
Physical resources.................         2.4          1.6          2.7          3.6          2.6          0.8          0.4          0.5          0.9 
Net interest.......................         0.9          0.8          0.7          0.8          1.1          1.4          1.8          1.8          1.7 
Other functions....................         0.8          0.8          1.3          1.4          1.8          2.0          1.6          3.4          2.3 
Undistributed offsetting receipts..        -0.3         -0.5         -0.6         -0.7         -0.6         -0.6         -0.7         -0.7         -0.6 
                                    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays.............         9.8         12.0         24.4         43.6         43.7         41.9         24.8         14.7         11.6 
      (On-budget)..................        (9.8)       (12.0)       (24.3)       (43.6)       (43.6)       (41.8)       (24.7)       (14.6)       (11.5)
      (Off-budget).................         (-*)          (*)          (*)          (*)        (0.1)        (0.1)        (0.1)        (0.1)        (0.1)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
* 0.05 percent or less.                                                                                                                                 


[[Page 43]]


                                         Table 3.1--OUTLAYS BY SUPERFUNCTION AND FUNCTION: 1940-2003--Continued                                         
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           Superfunction and Function                 1949         1950         1951         1952         1953         1954         1955         1956   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                                        
-----------------------------------------------------------------In millions of dollars-----------------------------------------------------------------
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                                        
National defense................................      13,150       13,724       23,566       46,089       52,802       49,266       42,729       42,523 
                                                                                                                                                        
Human resources.................................      10,805       14,221       11,001       11,745       11,836       13,076       14,908       16,052 
                                                                                                                                                        
  Education, training, employment, and social                                                                                                           
   services.....................................         178          241          235          339          441          370          445          591 
  Health........................................         197          268          323          347          336          307          291          359 
  Income security...............................       3,174        4,097        3,352        3,655        3,823        4,434        5,071        4,734 
  Social security...............................         657          781        1,565        2,063        2,717        3,352        4,427        5,478 
  Veterans benefits and services................       6,599        8,834        5,526        5,341        4,519        4,613        4,675        4,891 
                                                                                                                                                        
Physical resources..............................       3,104        3,667        3,924        4,182        4,005        2,584        2,732        3,092 
                                                                                                                                                        
  Energy........................................         341          327          383          474          425          432          325          174 
  Natural resources and environment.............       1,080        1,308        1,310        1,233        1,289        1,007          940          870 
  Commerce and housing credit...................         800        1,035        1,228        1,278          910         -184           92          506 
  Transportation................................         916          967          956        1,124        1,264        1,229        1,246        1,450 
  Community and regional development............         -33           30           47           73          117          100          129           92 
                                                                                                                                                        
Net interest....................................       4,523        4,812        4,665        4,701        5,156        4,811        4,850        5,079 
      (On-budget)...............................      (4,753)      (5,069)      (4,952)      (5,035)      (5,543)      (5,250)      (5,288)      (5,567)
      (Off-budget)..............................       (-230)       (-257)       (-287)       (-334)       (-387)       (-439)       (-438)       (-487)
                                                                                                                                                        
Other functions.................................       9,032        7,955        4,690        4,346        5,873        4,515        6,718        7,482 
                                                                                                                                                        
  International affairs.........................       6,052        4,673        3,647        2,691        2,119        1,596        2,223        2,414 
  General science, space and technology.........          48           55           51           49           49           46           74           79 
  Agriculture...................................       1,924        2,049         -323          176        2,253        1,817        3,514        3,486 
  Administration of justice.....................         184          193          218          267          243          257          256          302 
  General government............................         824          986        1,097        1,163        1,209          799          651        1,201 
                                                                                                                                                        
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............      -1,779       -1,817       -2,332       -3,377       -3,571       -3,397       -3,493       -3,589 
      (On-budget)...............................     (-1,779)     (-1,817)     (-2,332)     (-3,377)     (-3,571)     (-3,396)     (-3,487)     (-3,571)
      (Off-budget)..............................  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........         (-1)         (-6)        (-18)
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................      38,835       42,562       45,514       67,686       76,101       70,855       68,444       70,640 
      (On-budget)...............................     (38,408)     (42,038)     (44,237)     (65,956)     (73,771)     (67,943)     (64,461)     (65,668)
      (Off-budget)..............................        (427)        (524)      (1,277)      (1,730)      (2,330)      (2,912)      (3,983)      (4,972)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                As percentages of outlays                                                               
                                                                                                                                                        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................        33.9         32.2         51.8         68.1         69.4         69.5         62.4         60.2 
Human resources.................................        27.8         33.4         24.2         17.4         15.6         18.5         21.8         22.7 
Physical resources..............................         8.0          8.6          8.6          6.2          5.3          3.6          4.0          4.4 
Net interest....................................        11.6         11.3         10.2          6.9          6.8          6.8          7.1          7.2 
Other functions.................................        23.3         18.7         10.3          6.4          7.7          6.4          9.8         10.6 
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -4.6         -4.3         -5.1         -5.0         -4.7         -4.8         -5.1         -5.1 
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................       100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0 
      (On-budget)...............................       (98.9)       (98.8)       (97.2)       (97.4)       (96.9)       (95.9)       (94.2)       (93.0)
      (Off-budget)..............................        (1.1)        (1.2)        (2.8)        (2.6)        (3.1)        (4.1)        (5.8)        (7.0)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                  As percentages of GDP                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................         4.8          5.0          7.3         13.2         14.2         13.0         10.8          9.9 
Human resources.................................         4.0          5.2          3.4          3.4          3.2          3.5          3.8          3.8 
Physical resources..............................         1.1          1.3          1.2          1.2          1.1          0.7          0.7          0.7 
Net interest....................................         1.7          1.8          1.5          1.3          1.4          1.3          1.2          1.2 
Other functions.................................         3.3          2.9          1.5          1.2          1.6          1.2          1.7          1.7 
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -0.7         -0.7         -0.7         -1.0         -1.0         -0.9         -0.9         -0.8 
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................        14.3         15.6         14.2         19.4         20.4         18.7         17.3         16.5 
      (On-budget)...............................       (14.1)       (15.4)       (13.8)       (18.9)       (19.8)       (18.0)       (16.3)       (15.4)
      (Off-budget)..............................        (0.2)        (0.2)        (0.4)        (0.5)        (0.6)        (0.8)        (1.0)        (1.2)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 44]]


                                         Table 3.1--OUTLAYS BY SUPERFUNCTION AND FUNCTION: 1940-2003--Continued                                         
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           Superfunction and Function                 1957         1958         1959         1960         1961         1962         1963         1964   
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-----------------------------------------------------------------In millions of dollars-----------------------------------------------------------------
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                                        
National defense................................      45,430       46,815       49,015       48,130       49,601       52,345       53,400       54,757 
                                                                                                                                                        
Human resources.................................      18,161       22,288       24,892       26,184       29,838       31,630       33,522       35,294 
                                                                                                                                                        
  Education, training, employment, and social                                                                                                           
   services.....................................         590          643          789          968        1,063        1,241        1,458        1,555 
  Health........................................         479          541          685          795          913        1,198        1,451        1,788 
  Income security...............................       5,427        7,535        8,239        7,378        9,683        9,207        9,311        9,657 
  Social security...............................       6,661        8,219        9,737       11,602       12,474       14,365       15,788       16,620 
  Veterans benefits and services................       5,005        5,350        5,443        5,441        5,705        5,619        5,514        5,675 
                                                                                                                                                        
Physical resources..............................       4,559        5,188        7,813        7,991        7,754        8,831        8,013        9,528 
                                                                                                                                                        
  Energy........................................         240          348          382          464          510          604          530          572 
  Natural resources and environment.............       1,098        1,407        1,632        1,559        1,779        2,044        2,251        2,364 
  Commerce and housing credit...................       1,424          930        1,933        1,618        1,203        1,424           62          418 
  Transportation................................       1,662        2,334        3,655        4,126        3,987        4,290        4,596        5,242 
  Community and regional development............         135          169          211          224          275          469          574          933 
                                                                                                                                                        
Net interest....................................       5,354        5,604        5,762        6,947        6,716        6,889        7,740        8,199 
      (On-budget)...............................      (5,910)      (6,175)      (6,338)      (7,511)      (7,307)      (7,498)      (8,322)      (8,805)
      (Off-budget)..............................       (-557)       (-571)       (-576)       (-563)       (-591)       (-609)       (-582)       (-607)
                                                                                                                                                        
Other functions.................................       7,220        6,896        9,229        7,760        8,621       12,401       14,437       16,458 
                                                                                                                                                        
  International affairs.........................       3,147        3,364        3,144        2,988        3,184        5,639        5,308        4,945 
  General science, space and technology.........         122          141          294          599        1,042        1,723        3,051        4,897 
  Agriculture...................................       2,288        2,411        4,509        2,623        2,641        3,562        4,384        4,609 
  Administration of justice.....................         303          325          356          366          400          429          465          489 
  General government............................       1,360          655          926        1,184        1,354        1,049        1,230        1,518 
                                                                                                                                                        
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............      -4,146       -4,385       -4,613       -4,820       -4,807       -5,274       -5,797       -5,708 
      (On-budget)...............................     (-4,058)     (-4,240)     (-4,449)     (-4,632)     (-4,601)     (-5,053)     (-5,555)     (-5,429)
      (Off-budget)..............................        (-88)       (-145)       (-164)       (-188)       (-206)       (-221)       (-242)       (-279)
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................      76,578       82,405       92,098       92,191       97,723      106,821      111,316      118,528 
      (On-budget)...............................     (70,562)     (74,902)     (83,102)     (81,341)     (86,046)     (93,286)     (96,352)    (102,794)
      (Off-budget)..............................      (6,016)      (7,503)      (8,996)     (10,850)     (11,677)     (13,535)     (14,964)     (15,734)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                As percentages of outlays                                                               
                                                                                                                                                        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................        59.3         56.8         53.2         52.2         50.8         49.0         48.0         46.2 
Human resources.................................        23.7         27.0         27.0         28.4         30.5         29.6         30.1         29.8 
Physical resources..............................         6.0          6.3          8.5          8.7          7.9          8.3          7.2          8.0 
Net interest....................................         7.0          6.8          6.3          7.5          6.9          6.4          7.0          6.9 
Other functions.................................         9.4          8.4         10.0          8.4          8.8         11.6         13.0         13.9 
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -5.4         -5.3         -5.0         -5.2         -4.9         -4.9         -5.2         -4.8 
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................       100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0 
      (On-budget)...............................       (92.1)       (90.9)       (90.2)       (88.2)       (88.1)       (87.3)       (86.6)       (86.7)
      (Off-budget)..............................        (7.9)        (9.1)        (9.8)       (11.8)       (11.9)       (12.7)       (13.4)       (13.3)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                  As percentages of GDP                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................        10.1         10.2         10.0          9.3          9.3          9.2          8.9          8.6 
Human resources.................................         4.0          4.8          5.1          5.1          5.6          5.6          5.6          5.5 
Physical resources..............................         1.0          1.1          1.6          1.5          1.5          1.6          1.3          1.5 
Net interest....................................         1.2          1.2          1.2          1.3          1.3          1.2          1.3          1.3 
Other functions.................................         1.6          1.5          1.9          1.5          1.6          2.2          2.4          2.6 
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -0.9         -1.0         -0.9         -0.9         -0.9         -0.9         -1.0         -0.9 
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................        17.0         17.9         18.7         17.8         18.4         18.8         18.6         18.5 
      (On-budget)...............................       (15.7)       (16.3)       (16.9)       (15.7)       (16.2)       (16.4)       (16.1)       (16.1)
      (Off-budget)..............................        (1.3)        (1.6)        (1.8)        (2.1)        (2.2)        (2.4)        (2.5)        (2.5)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 45]]


                                         Table 3.1--OUTLAYS BY SUPERFUNCTION AND FUNCTION: 1940-2003--Continued                                         
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
           Superfunction and Function                 1965         1966         1967         1968         1969         1970         1971         1972   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                                        
-----------------------------------------------------------------In millions of dollars-----------------------------------------------------------------
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                                        
National defense................................      50,620       58,111       71,417       81,926       82,497       81,692       78,872       79,174 
                                                                                                                                                        
Human resources.................................      36,576       43,257       51,272       59,375       66,410       75,349       91,901      107,211 
                                                                                                                                                        
  Education, training, employment, and social                                                                                                           
   services.....................................       2,140        4,363        6,453        7,634        7,548        8,634        9,849       12,529 
  Health........................................       1,791        2,543        3,351        4,390        5,162        5,907        6,843        8,674 
  Medicare......................................  ...........          64        2,748        4,649        5,695        6,213        6,622        7,479 
  Income security...............................       9,469        9,678       10,261       11,816       13,076       15,655       22,946       27,650 
  Social security...............................      17,460       20,694       21,725       23,854       27,298       30,270       35,872       40,157 
      (On-budget)...............................  ...........  ...........         (94)         (94)        (414)        (458)        (465)        (538)
      (Off-budget)..............................     (17,460)     (20,694)     (21,631)     (23,760)     (26,885)     (29,812)     (35,408)     (39,620)
  Veterans benefits and services................       5,716        5,916        6,735        7,032        7,631        8,669        9,768       10,720 
                                                                                                                                                        
Physical resources..............................      11,264       13,410       14,674       16,002       11,869       15,574       18,286       19,574 
                                                                                                                                                        
  Energy........................................         699          612          782        1,037        1,010          997        1,035        1,296 
  Natural resources and environment.............       2,531        2,719        2,869        2,988        2,900        3,065        3,915        4,241 
  Commerce and housing credit...................       1,157        3,245        3,979        4,280         -119        2,112        2,366        2,222 
  Transportation................................       5,763        5,730        5,936        6,316        6,526        7,008        8,052        8,392 
  Community and regional development............       1,114        1,105        1,108        1,382        1,552        2,392        2,917        3,423 
                                                                                                                                                        
Net interest....................................       8,591        9,386       10,268       11,090       12,699       14,380       14,841       15,478 
      (On-budget)...............................      (9,239)     (10,028)     (11,060)     (12,069)     (13,848)     (15,948)     (16,783)     (17,584)
      (Off-budget)..............................       (-648)       (-642)       (-792)       (-979)     (-1,149)     (-1,568)     (-1,942)     (-2,106)
                                                                                                                                                        
Other functions.................................      17,086       16,911       17,126       17,786       18,151       17,286       16,379       18,828 
                                                                                                                                                        
  International affairs.........................       5,273        5,580        5,566        5,301        4,600        4,330        4,159        4,781 
  General science, space and technology.........       5,823        6,717        6,233        5,524        5,020        4,511        4,182        4,175 
  Agriculture...................................       3,955        2,447        2,990        4,545        5,826        5,166        4,290        5,259 
  Administration of justice.....................         535          563          618          659          766          959        1,306        1,653 
  General government............................       1,499        1,603        1,719        1,757        1,939        2,320        2,442        2,960 
                                                                                                                                                        
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............      -5,908       -6,542       -7,294       -8,045       -7,986       -8,632      -10,107       -9,583 
      (On-budget)...............................     (-5,626)     (-6,205)     (-6,879)     (-7,600)     (-7,454)     (-7,995)     (-9,467)     (-8,926)
      (Off-budget)..............................       (-282)       (-337)       (-415)       (-445)       (-532)       (-637)       (-640)       (-657)
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................     118,228      134,532      157,464      178,134      183,640      195,649      210,172      230,681 
      (On-budget)...............................    (101,699)    (114,817)    (137,040)    (155,798)    (158,436)    (168,042)    (177,346)    (193,824)
      (Off-budget)..............................     (16,529)     (19,715)     (20,424)     (22,336)     (25,204)     (27,607)     (32,826)     (36,857)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                As percentages of outlays                                                               
                                                                                                                                                        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................        42.8         43.2         45.4         46.0         44.9         41.8         37.5         34.3 
Human resources.................................        30.9         32.2         32.6         33.3         36.2         38.5         43.7         46.5 
Physical resources..............................         9.5         10.0          9.3          9.0          6.5          8.0          8.7          8.5 
Net interest....................................         7.3          7.0          6.5          6.2          6.9          7.4          7.1          6.7 
Other functions.................................        14.5         12.6         10.9         10.0          9.9          8.8          7.8          8.2 
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -5.0         -4.9         -4.6         -4.5         -4.3         -4.4         -4.8         -4.2 
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................       100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0 
      (On-budget)...............................       (86.0)       (85.3)       (87.0)       (87.5)       (86.3)       (85.9)       (84.4)       (84.0)
      (Off-budget)..............................       (14.0)       (14.7)       (13.0)       (12.5)       (13.7)       (14.1)       (15.6)       (16.0)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                  As percentages of GDP                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................         7.4          7.7          8.8          9.4          8.7          8.1          7.3          6.7 
Human resources.................................         5.3          5.7          6.3          6.8          7.0          7.5          8.5          9.1 
Physical resources..............................         1.6          1.8          1.8          1.8          1.3          1.5          1.7          1.7 
Net interest....................................         1.3          1.2          1.3          1.3          1.3          1.4          1.4          1.3 
Other functions.................................         2.5          2.2          2.1          2.0          1.9          1.7          1.5          1.6 
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -0.9         -0.9         -0.9         -0.9         -0.8         -0.9         -0.9         -0.8 
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................        17.2         17.9         19.4         20.5         19.4         19.4         19.5         19.6 
      (On-budget)...............................       (14.8)       (15.3)       (16.9)       (17.9)       (16.7)       (16.7)       (16.5)       (16.5)
      (Off-budget)..............................        (2.4)        (2.6)        (2.5)        (2.6)        (2.7)        (2.7)        (3.0)        (3.1)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 46]]


                                         Table 3.1--OUTLAYS BY SUPERFUNCTION AND FUNCTION: 1940-2003--Continued                                         
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
           Superfunction and Function                 1973         1974         1975         1976          TQ          1977         1978         1979   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                                        
-----------------------------------------------------------------In millions of dollars-----------------------------------------------------------------
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                                        
National defense................................      76,681       79,347       86,509       89,619       22,269       97,241      104,495      116,342 
                                                                                                                                                        
Human resources.................................     119,522      135,783      173,245      203,594       52,065      221,895      242,329      267,574 
                                                                                                                                                        
  Education, training, employment, and social                                                                                                           
   services.....................................      12,745       12,457       16,022       18,910        5,169       21,104       26,710       30,223 
  Health........................................       9,356       10,733       12,930       15,734        3,924       17,302       18,524       20,494 
  Medicare......................................       8,052        9,639       12,875       15,834        4,264       19,345       22,768       26,495 
  Income security...............................      28,276       33,713       50,176       60,799       14,985       61,060       61,505       66,376 
  Social security...............................      49,090       55,867       64,658       73,899       19,763       85,061       93,861      104,073 
      (On-budget)...............................        (526)        (494)        (499)        (515)  ...........        (717)        (741)        (757)
      (Off-budget)..............................     (48,565)     (55,373)     (64,159)     (73,384)     (19,763)     (84,344)     (93,120)    (103,316)
  Veterans benefits and services................      12,003       13,374       16,584       18,419        3,960       18,022       18,961       19,914 
                                                                                                                                                        
Physical resources..............................      20,614       25,106       35,449       39,188        9,512       40,746       52,591       54,559 
                                                                                                                                                        
  Energy........................................       1,237        1,303        2,916        4,204        1,129        5,770        7,992        9,180 
  Natural resources and environment.............       4,775        5,697        7,346        8,184        2,524       10,032       10,983       12,135 
  Commerce and housing credit...................         931        4,705        9,947        7,619          931        3,093        6,254        4,686 
  Transportation................................       9,066        9,172       10,918       13,739        3,358       14,829       15,521       18,079 
  Community and regional development............       4,605        4,229        4,322        5,442        1,569        7,021       11,841       10,480 
                                                                                                                                                        
Net interest....................................      17,349       21,449       23,244       26,727        6,949       29,901       35,458       42,636 
      (On-budget)...............................     (19,629)     (23,969)     (26,047)     (29,539)      (7,042)     (32,551)     (37,861)     (44,860)
      (Off-budget)..............................     (-2,280)     (-2,520)     (-2,803)     (-2,812)        (-93)     (-2,650)     (-2,403)     (-2,224)
                                                                                                                                                        
Other functions.................................      24,950       24,423       27,487       27,050        9,388       34,315       39,594       40,396 
                                                                                                                                                        
  International affairs.........................       4,149        5,710        7,097        6,433        2,458        6,353        7,482        7,459 
  General science, space and technology.........       4,032        3,980        3,991        4,373        1,162        4,736        4,926        5,235 
  Agriculture...................................       4,854        2,230        3,036        3,170          983        6,787       11,357       11,236 
  Administration of justice.....................       2,141        2,470        2,955        3,328          891        3,605        3,813        4,173 
  General government............................       9,774       10,032       10,408        9,747        3,895       12,833       12,015       12,293 
                                                                                                                                                        
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............     -13,409      -16,749      -13,602      -14,386       -4,206      -14,879      -15,720      -17,476 
      (On-budget)...............................    (-12,714)    (-15,985)    (-12,686)    (-13,423)     (-3,957)    (-13,902)    (-14,660)    (-16,362)
      (Off-budget)..............................       (-695)       (-764)       (-916)       (-963)       (-249)       (-977)     (-1,060)     (-1,114)
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................     245,707      269,359      332,332      371,792       95,975      409,218      458,746      504,032 
      (On-budget)...............................    (200,118)    (217,270)    (271,892)    (302,183)     (76,555)    (328,502)    (369,089)    (404,054)
      (Off-budget)..............................     (45,589)     (52,089)     (60,440)     (69,609)     (19,421)     (80,716)     (89,657)     (99,978)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                As percentages of outlays                                                               
                                                                                                                                                        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................        31.2         29.5         26.0         24.1         23.2         23.8         22.8         23.1 
Human resources.................................        48.6         50.4         52.1         54.8         54.2         54.2         52.8         53.1 
Physical resources..............................         8.4          9.3         10.7         10.5          9.9         10.0         11.5         10.8 
Net interest....................................         7.1          8.0          7.0          7.2          7.2          7.3          7.7          8.5 
Other functions.................................        10.2          9.1          8.3          7.3          9.8          8.4          8.6          8.0 
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -5.5         -6.2         -4.1         -3.9         -4.4         -3.6         -3.4         -3.5 
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................       100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0 
      (On-budget)...............................       (81.4)       (80.7)       (81.8)       (81.3)       (79.8)       (80.3)       (80.5)       (80.2)
      (Off-budget)..............................       (18.6)       (19.3)       (18.2)       (18.7)       (20.2)       (19.7)       (19.5)       (19.8)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                  As percentages of GDP                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................         5.9          5.5          5.6          5.2          4.9          4.9          4.7          4.7 
Human resources.................................         9.1          9.4         11.1         11.8         11.4         11.3         11.0         10.7 
Physical resources..............................         1.6          1.7          2.3          2.3          2.1          2.1          2.4          2.2 
Net interest....................................         1.3          1.5          1.5          1.5          1.5          1.5          1.6          1.7 
Other functions.................................         1.9          1.7          1.8          1.6          2.1          1.7          1.8          1.6 
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -1.0         -1.2         -0.9         -0.8         -0.9         -0.8         -0.7         -0.7 
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................        18.8         18.7         21.4         21.5         21.1         20.8         20.7         20.2 
      (On-budget)...............................       (15.3)       (15.1)       (17.5)       (17.5)       (16.8)       (16.7)       (16.7)       (16.2)
      (Off-budget)..............................        (3.5)        (3.6)        (3.9)        (4.0)        (4.3)        (4.1)        (4.1)        (4.0)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 47]]


                                         Table 3.1--OUTLAYS BY SUPERFUNCTION AND FUNCTION: 1940-2003--Continued                                         
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
           Superfunction and Function                 1980         1981         1982         1983         1984         1985         1986         1987   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                                        
-----------------------------------------------------------------In millions of dollars-----------------------------------------------------------------
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                                        
National defense................................     133,995      157,513      185,309      209,903      227,413      252,748      273,375      281,999 
                                                                                                                                                        
Human resources.................................     313,374      362,022      388,681      426,003      432,042      471,822      481,594      502,196 
                                                                                                                                                        
  Education, training, employment, and social                                                                                                           
   services.....................................      31,843       33,709       27,029       26,606       27,579       29,342       30,585       29,724 
  Health........................................      23,169       26,866       27,445       28,641       30,417       33,542       35,936       39,967 
  Medicare......................................      32,090       39,149       46,567       52,588       57,540       65,822       70,164       75,120 
  Income security...............................      86,557       99,742      107,737      122,621      112,694      128,230      119,824      123,282 
  Social security...............................     118,547      139,584      155,964      170,724      178,223      188,623      198,757      207,353 
      (On-budget)...............................        (675)        (670)        (844)     (19,993)      (7,056)      (5,189)      (8,072)      (4,930)
      (Off-budget)..............................    (117,872)    (138,914)    (155,120)    (150,731)    (171,167)    (183,434)    (190,684)    (202,422)
  Veterans benefits and services................      21,169       22,973       23,938       24,824       25,588       26,262       26,327       26,750 
                                                                                                                                                        
Physical resources..............................      65,985       70,886       61,752       57,600       57,967       56,821       58,738       55,142 
                                                                                                                                                        
  Energy........................................      10,156       15,166       13,527        9,353        7,073        5,609        4,690        4,072 
  Natural resources and environment.............      13,858       13,568       12,998       12,672       12,593       13,357       13,639       13,363 
  Commerce and housing credit...................       9,390        8,206        6,256        6,681        6,959        4,337        5,059        6,435 
  Transportation................................      21,329       23,379       20,625       21,334       23,669       25,838       28,117       26,222 
  Community and regional development............      11,252       10,568        8,347        7,560        7,673        7,680        7,233        5,051 
                                                                                                                                                        
Net interest....................................      52,538       68,774       85,044       89,828      111,123      129,504      136,047      138,652 
      (On-budget)...............................     (54,877)     (71,062)     (87,114)     (91,673)    (114,432)    (133,622)    (140,377)    (143,942)
      (Off-budget)..............................     (-2,339)     (-2,288)     (-2,071)     (-1,845)     (-3,310)     (-4,118)     (-4,329)     (-5,290)
                                                                                                                                                        
Other functions.................................      44,996       47,095       51,069       59,023       55,287       68,227       73,713       62,588 
                                                                                                                                                        
  International affairs.........................      12,714       13,104       12,300       11,848       15,876       16,176       14,152       11,649 
  General science, space and technology.........       5,832        6,469        7,200        7,935        8,317        8,627        8,976        9,216 
  Agriculture...................................       8,839       11,323       15,944       22,901       13,613       25,565       31,449       26,606 
  Administration of justice.....................       4,584        4,769        4,712        5,105        5,663        6,270        6,572        7,553 
  General government............................      13,028       11,429       10,914       11,235       11,817       11,588       12,564        7,565 
                                                                                                                                                        
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............     -19,942      -28,041      -26,099      -33,976      -31,957      -32,698      -33,007      -36,455 
      (On-budget)...............................    (-18,738)    (-26,611)    (-24,453)    (-32,198)    (-29,913)    (-30,189)    (-30,150)    (-33,155)
      (Off-budget)..............................     (-1,204)     (-1,430)     (-1,646)     (-1,778)     (-2,044)     (-2,509)     (-2,857)     (-3,300)
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................     590,947      678,249      745,755      808,380      851,874      946,423      990,460    1,004,122 
      (On-budget)...............................    (476,618)    (543,053)    (594,351)    (661,272)    (686,061)    (769,615)    (806,962)    (810,290)
      (Off-budget)..............................    (114,329)    (135,196)    (151,404)    (147,108)    (165,813)    (176,807)    (183,498)    (193,832)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                As percentages of outlays                                                               
                                                                                                                                                        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................        22.7         23.2         24.8         26.0         26.7         26.7         27.6         28.1 
Human resources.................................        53.0         53.4         52.1         52.7         50.7         49.9         48.6         50.0 
Physical resources..............................        11.2         10.5          8.3          7.1          6.8          6.0          5.9          5.5 
Net interest....................................         8.9         10.1         11.4         11.1         13.0         13.7         13.7         13.8 
Other functions.................................         7.6          6.9          6.8          7.3          6.5          7.2          7.4          6.2 
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -3.4         -4.1         -3.5         -4.2         -3.8         -3.5         -3.3         -3.6 
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................       100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0 
      (On-budget)...............................       (80.7)       (80.1)       (79.7)       (81.8)       (80.5)       (81.3)       (81.5)       (80.7)
      (Off-budget)..............................       (19.3)       (19.9)       (20.3)       (18.2)       (19.5)       (18.7)       (18.5)       (19.3)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                  As percentages of GDP                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................         4.9          5.2          5.8          6.1          6.0          6.2          6.2          6.1 
Human resources.................................        11.5         11.9         12.1         12.4         11.3         11.5         11.0         10.9 
Physical resources..............................         2.4          2.3          1.9          1.7          1.5          1.4          1.3          1.2 
Net interest....................................         1.9          2.3          2.6          2.6          2.9          3.2          3.1          3.0 
Other functions.................................         1.7          1.5          1.6          1.7          1.5          1.7          1.7          1.4 
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -0.7         -0.9         -0.8         -1.0         -0.8         -0.8         -0.8         -0.8 
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................        21.7         22.2         23.2         23.6         22.3         23.1         22.6         21.8 
      (On-budget)...............................       (17.5)       (17.8)       (18.5)       (19.3)       (18.0)       (18.8)       (18.4)       (17.6)
      (Off-budget)..............................        (4.2)        (4.4)        (4.7)        (4.3)        (4.3)        (4.3)        (4.2)        (4.2)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 48]]


                                         Table 3.1--OUTLAYS BY SUPERFUNCTION AND FUNCTION: 1940-2003--Continued                                         
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
           Superfunction and Function                 1988         1989         1990         1991         1992         1993         1994         1995   
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                                        
-----------------------------------------------------------------In millions of dollars-----------------------------------------------------------------
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                                        
National defense................................     290,361      303,559      299,331      273,292      298,350      291,086      281,642      272,066 
                                                                                                                                                        
Human resources.................................     533,404      568,668      619,329      689,666      772,440      827,535      869,414      923,765 
                                                                                                                                                        
  Education, training, employment, and social                                                                                                           
   services.....................................      31,938       36,674       38,755       43,354       45,248       50,012       46,307       54,263 
  Health........................................      44,487       48,390       57,716       71,183       89,497       99,415      107,122      115,418 
  Medicare......................................      78,878       84,964       98,102      104,489      119,024      130,552      144,747      159,855 
  Income security...............................     129,374      136,066      147,076      170,320      197,022      207,299      214,089      220,493 
  Social security...............................     219,341      232,542      248,623      269,015      287,585      304,585      319,565      335,846 
      (On-budget)...............................      (4,852)      (5,069)      (3,625)      (2,619)      (6,166)      (6,236)      (5,683)      (5,476)
      (Off-budget)..............................    (214,489)    (227,473)    (244,998)    (266,395)    (281,418)    (298,349)    (313,881)    (330,370)
  Veterans benefits and services................      29,386       30,031       29,058       31,305       34,064       35,671       37,584       37,890 
                                                                                                                                                        
Physical resources..............................      68,632       81,568      126,004      135,176       75,613       46,762       70,575       59,197 
                                                                                                                                                        
  Energy........................................       2,297        2,706        3,341        2,436        4,500        4,319        5,219        4,936 
  Natural resources and environment.............      14,606       16,182       17,080       18,559       20,025       20,239       21,064       22,078 
  Commerce and housing credit...................      19,164       29,710       67,600       76,271       10,919      -21,853       -4,228      -17,808 
      (On-budget)...............................     (19,164)     (30,019)     (65,974)     (74,953)     (10,260)    (-23,294)     (-5,331)    (-15,839)
      (Off-budget)..............................  ...........       (-310)      (1,626)      (1,317)        (659)      (1,441)      (1,103)     (-1,969)
  Transportation................................      27,272       27,608       29,485       31,099       33,332       35,004       38,066       39,350 
  Community and regional development............       5,294        5,362        8,498        6,811        6,838        9,052       10,454       10,641 
                                                                                                                                                        
Net interest....................................     151,838      169,266      184,221      194,541      199,421      198,811      202,957      232,169 
      (On-budget)...............................    (159,253)    (180,661)    (200,212)    (214,763)    (223,059)    (225,599)    (232,160)    (265,474)
      (Off-budget)..............................     (-7,416)    (-11,395)    (-15,991)    (-20,222)    (-23,637)    (-26,788)    (-29,203)    (-33,305)
                                                                                                                                                        
Other functions.................................      57,222       57,822       60,893       71,081       75,136       82,606       74,914       72,987 
                                                                                                                                                        
  International affairs.........................      10,471        9,573       13,764       15,851       16,107       17,248       17,083       16,434 
  General science, space and technology.........      10,841       12,838       14,444       16,111       16,409       17,030       16,227       16,724 
  Agriculture...................................      17,210       16,919       11,958       15,183       15,205       20,363       15,046        9,778 
  Administration of justice.....................       9,236        9,474        9,993       12,276       14,426       14,955       15,256       16,216 
  General government............................       9,464        9,017       10,734       11,661       12,990       13,009       11,303       13,835 
                                                                                                                                                        
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............     -36,967      -37,212      -36,615      -39,356      -39,280      -37,386      -37,772      -44,455 
      (On-budget)...............................    (-32,585)    (-32,354)    (-31,048)    (-33,553)    (-33,179)    (-30,970)    (-31,362)    (-38,023)
      (Off-budget)..............................     (-4,382)     (-4,858)     (-5,567)     (-5,804)     (-6,101)     (-6,416)     (-6,409)     (-6,432)
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................   1,064,489    1,143,671    1,253,163    1,324,400    1,381,681    1,409,414    1,461,731    1,515,729 
      (On-budget)...............................    (861,798)    (932,760)  (1,028,098)  (1,082,713)  (1,129,343)  (1,142,827)  (1,182,359)  (1,227,065)
      (Off-budget)..............................    (202,691)    (210,911)    (225,065)    (241,687)    (252,339)    (266,587)    (279,372)    (288,664)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                As percentages of outlays                                                               
                                                                                                                                                        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................        27.3         26.5         23.9         20.6         21.6         20.7         19.3         17.9 
Human resources.................................        50.1         49.7         49.4         52.1         55.9         58.7         59.5         60.9 
Physical resources..............................         6.4          7.1         10.1         10.2          5.5          3.3          4.8          3.9 
Net interest....................................        14.3         14.8         14.7         14.7         14.4         14.1         13.9         15.3 
Other functions.................................         5.4          5.1          4.9          5.4          5.4          5.9          5.1          4.8 
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -3.5         -3.3         -2.9         -3.0         -2.8         -2.7         -2.6         -2.9 
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................       100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0 
      (On-budget)...............................       (81.0)       (81.6)       (82.0)       (81.8)       (81.7)       (81.1)       (80.9)       (81.0)
      (Off-budget)..............................       (19.0)       (18.4)       (18.0)       (18.2)       (18.3)       (18.9)       (19.1)       (19.0)
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                                                                  As percentages of GDP                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                        
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National defense................................         5.9          5.7          5.3          4.7          4.9          4.5          4.1          3.8 
Human resources.................................        10.8         10.6         10.9         11.8         12.6         12.8         12.7         12.8 
Physical resources..............................         1.4          1.5          2.2          2.3          1.2          0.7          1.0          0.8 
Net interest....................................         3.1          3.2          3.2          3.3          3.2          3.1          3.0          3.2 
Other functions.................................         1.2          1.1          1.1          1.2          1.2          1.3          1.1          1.0 
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -0.7         -0.7         -0.6         -0.7         -0.6         -0.6         -0.6         -0.6 
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................        21.5         21.4         22.0         22.6         22.5         21.8         21.4         21.1 
      (On-budget)...............................       (17.4)       (17.4)       (18.1)       (18.5)       (18.4)       (17.6)       (17.3)       (17.1)
      (Off-budget)..............................        (4.1)        (3.9)        (4.0)        (4.1)        (4.1)        (4.1)        (4.1)        (4.0)
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[[Page 49]]


                                         Table 3.1--OUTLAYS BY SUPERFUNCTION AND FUNCTION: 1940-2003--Continued                                         
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                                                                                1998         1999         2000         2001         2002         2003   
           Superfunction and Function                 1996         1997       estimate     estimate     estimate     estimate     estimate     estimate 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                                        
-----------------------------------------------------------------In millions of dollars-----------------------------------------------------------------
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National defense................................     265,748      270,473      264,112      265,489      268,670      269,750      272,125      288,515 
                                                                                                                                                        
Human resources.................................     958,254    1,002,323    1,048,983    1,100,513    1,149,201    1,202,807    1,242,444    1,310,237 
                                                                                                                                                        
  Education, training, employment, and social                                                                                                           
   services.....................................      52,001       53,008       55,114       59,488       62,524       63,319       63,377       65,526 
  Health........................................     119,378      123,843      131,772      141,457      149,886      160,148      170,695      183,452 
  Medicare......................................     174,225      190,016      198,135      207,271      216,868      232,565      234,872      255,785 
  Income security...............................     225,989      230,886      239,349      252,808      263,297      271,590      277,858      287,282 
  Social security...............................     349,676      365,257      381,499      396,217      412,640      430,373      450,204      470,696 
      (On-budget)...............................      (5,807)      (6,885)      (9,660)      (8,911)      (9,375)      (8,743)     (10,575)     (11,280)
      (Off-budget)..............................    (343,869)    (358,372)    (371,839)    (387,306)    (403,265)    (421,630)    (439,629)    (459,416)
  Veterans benefits and services................      36,985       39,313       43,114       43,272       43,986       44,812       45,438       47,496 
                                                                                                                                                        
Physical resources..............................      64,236       60,000       81,087       78,910       89,162       87,889       86,037       86,233 
                                                                                                                                                        
  Energy........................................       2,844        1,483          403       -1,045          200           -1         -208         -141 
  Natural resources and environment.............      21,614       21,369       23,822       23,237       23,853       23,815       23,243       23,516 
  Commerce and housing credit...................     -10,472      -14,624        3,525        3,541       11,834       10,927       10,866       10,246 
      (On-budget)...............................    (-10,292)    (-14,575)      (1,804)      (2,695)      (9,390)     (10,443)     (11,654)     (11,925)
      (Off-budget)..............................       (-180)        (-49)      (1,721)        (846)      (2,444)        (484)       (-788)     (-1,679)
  Transportation................................      39,565       40,767       41,535       42,259       43,131       43,429       43,590       45,021 
  Community and regional development............      10,685       11,005       11,802       10,918       10,144        9,719        8,546        7,591 
                                                                                                                                                        
Net interest....................................     241,090      244,013      242,694      241,754      236,496      233,556      227,136      220,601 
      (On-budget)...............................    (277,597)    (285,227)    (289,424)    (293,377)    (293,462)    (296,445)    (296,454)    (296,938)
      (Off-budget)..............................    (-36,507)    (-41,214)    (-46,730)    (-51,623)    (-56,966)    (-62,889)    (-69,318)    (-76,337)
                                                                                                                                                        
Other functions.................................      68,804       74,399       77,305       89,043       87,319       87,557       87,359       88,104 
                                                                                                                                                        
  International affairs.........................      13,496       15,228       14,480       14,463       15,296       15,407       15,672       15,725 
  General science, space and technology.........      16,709       17,174       17,093       17,616       18,153       18,450       18,778       18,918 
  Agriculture...................................       9,159        9,032       10,580       11,017       10,511        9,194        9,133        9,281 
  Administration of justice.....................      17,548       20,197       22,274       25,524       25,906       26,647       25,839       25,670 
  General government............................      11,892       12,768       12,878       17,173       17,453       17,859       17,937       18,510 
  Allowances....................................  ...........  ...........  ...........       3,250   ...........  ...........  ...........  ...........
                                                                                                                                                        
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............     -37,620      -49,973      -46,366      -42,492      -45,802      -47,167      -55,547      -48,316 
      (On-budget)...............................    (-31,342)    (-43,490)    (-39,211)    (-34,825)    (-37,485)    (-38,336)    (-45,976)    (-38,012)
      (Off-budget)..............................     (-6,278)     (-6,483)     (-7,155)     (-7,667)     (-8,317)     (-8,831)     (-9,571)    (-10,304)
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................   1,560,512    1,601,235    1,667,815    1,733,217    1,785,046    1,834,392    1,859,554    1,945,374 
      (On-budget)...............................  (1,259,608)  (1,290,609)  (1,348,140)  (1,404,355)  (1,444,620)  (1,483,998)  (1,499,602)  (1,574,278)
      (Off-budget)..............................    (300,904)    (310,626)    (319,675)    (328,862)    (340,426)    (350,394)    (359,952)    (371,096)
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                                                                As percentages of outlays                                                               
                                                                                                                                                        
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National defense................................        17.0         16.9         15.8         15.3         15.1         14.7         14.6         14.8 
Human resources.................................        61.4         62.6         62.9         63.5         64.4         65.6         66.8         67.4 
Physical resources..............................         4.1          3.7          4.9          4.6          5.0          4.8          4.6          4.4 
Net interest....................................        15.4         15.2         14.6         13.9         13.2         12.7         12.2         11.3 
Other functions.................................         4.4          4.6          4.6          5.1          4.9          4.8          4.7          4.5 
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -2.4         -3.1         -2.8         -2.5         -2.6         -2.6         -3.0         -2.5 
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................       100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0        100.0 
      (On-budget)...............................       (80.7)       (80.6)       (80.8)       (81.0)       (80.9)       (80.9)       (80.6)       (80.9)
      (Off-budget)..............................       (19.3)       (19.4)       (19.2)       (19.0)       (19.1)       (19.1)       (19.4)       (19.1)
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                                                                  As percentages of GDP                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                        
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
National defense................................         3.5          3.4          3.2          3.1          3.0          2.9          2.8          2.8 
Human resources.................................        12.7         12.6         12.6         12.7         12.7         12.7         12.6         12.7 
Physical resources..............................         0.9          0.8          1.0          0.9          1.0          0.9          0.9          0.8 
Net interest....................................         3.2          3.1          2.9          2.8          2.6          2.5          2.3          2.1 
Other functions.................................         0.9          0.9          0.9          1.0          1.0          0.9          0.9          0.9 
Undistributed offsetting receipts...............        -0.5         -0.6         -0.6         -0.5         -0.5         -0.5         -0.6         -0.5 
                                                 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Federal outlays..........................        20.7         20.1         20.0         20.0         19.7         19.4         18.8         18.8 
      (On-budget)...............................       (16.7)       (16.2)       (16.1)       (16.2)       (16.0)       (15.7)       (15.2)       (15.2)
      (Off-budget)..............................        (4.0)        (3.9)        (3.8)        (3.8)        (3.8)        (3.7)        (3.6)        (3.6)
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