[The Budget of the U.S., FY 1999] 


           THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YEAR 1999, HISTORICAL TABLES


                    Contents of the Historical Tables                   
                                                                        
                                                                   Page 
                                                                        
                                                                        
Introduction:                                                           
                                                                        
  Structure, Coverage and Concepts..............................       1
  Section Notes.................................................       5
  Historical Trends.............................................      15
                                                                        
Section 1--Overview of Federal Government Finances..............      19
   Table 1.1--Summary of Receipts, Outlays, and Surpluses or            
   Deficits (-): 1789-2003......................................      19
   Table 1.2--Summary of Receipts, Outlays, and Surpluses or            
   Deficits (-) as Percentages of GDP: 1930-2003................      21
   Table 1.3--Summary of Receipts, Outlays, and Surpluses or            
   Deficits (-) in Current Dollars, Constant (FY 1992) Dollars,         
   and as Percentages of GDP: 1940-2003.........................      23
   Table 1.4--Receipts, Outlays, and Surpluses or Deficits (-)          
   by Fund Group: 1934-2003.....................................      25
                                                                        
Section 2--Composition of Federal Government Receipts...........      27
   Table 2.1--Receipts by Source: 1934-2003.....................      27
   Table 2.2--Percentage Composition of Receipts by Source: 1934-       
   2003.........................................................      29
   Table 2.3--Receipts by Source as Percentages of GDP: 1934-           
   2003.........................................................      31
   Table 2.4--Composition of Social Insurance Taxes and                 
   Contributions and of Excise Taxes: 1940-2003.................      33
   Table 2.5--Composition of ``Other Receipts'': 1940-2003......      40
                                                                        
Section 3--Federal Government Outlays by Function...............      42
   Table 3.1--Outlays by Superfunction and Function: 1940-2003..      42
   Table 3.2--Outlays by Function and Subfunction: 1962-2003....      51
                                                                        
Section 4--Federal Government Outlays by Agency.................      65
   Table 4.1--Outlays by Agency: 1962-2003......................      65
   Table 4.2--Percentage Distribution of Outlays by Agency: 1962-       
   2003.........................................................      70
                                                                        
Section 5--Budget Authority (On-and Off-Budget).................      75
   Table 5.1--Budget Authority by Function and Subfunction: 1976-       
   2003.........................................................      75
   Table 5.2--Budget Authority by Agency: 1976-2003.............      87
   Table 5.3--Percentage Distribution of Budget Authority by            
   Agency: 1976-2003............................................      91
   Table 5.4--Discretionary Budget Authority by Agency: 1976-           
   2003.........................................................      95
   Table 5.5--Percentage Distribution of Discretionary Budget           
   Authority by Agency: 1976-2003...............................      99
                                                                        
Section 6--Composition of Federal Government Outlays............     103
   Table 6.1--Composition of Outlays: 1940-2003.................     103
                                                                        
Section 7--Federal Debt.........................................     110
   Table 7.1--Federal Debt at the End of Year: 1940-2003........     110
   Table 7.2--Debt Subject to Statutory Limit: 1940-2003........     112
   Table 7.3--Statutory Limits on Federal Debt: 1940-Current....     113
                                                                        
Section 8--Outlays by Budget Enforcement Act Category...........     117
   Table 8.1--Outlays by Budget Enforcement Act Category: 1962-         
   2003.........................................................     117
   Table 8.2--Outlays by Budget Enforcement Act Category in             
   Constant (FY 1992) Dollars: 1962-2003........................     118
   Table 8.3--Percentage Distribution of Outlays by Budget              
   Enforcement Act Category: 1962-2003..........................     119
   Table 8.4--Outlays by Budget Enforcement Act Category as             
   Percentages of GDP: 1962-2003................................     120
   Table 8.5--Outlays for Mandatory and Related Programs: 1962-         
   2003.........................................................     121
   Table 8.6--Outlays for Mandatory and Related Programs in             
   Constant (FY 1992) Dollars: 1962-2003........................     126
   Table 8.7--Outlays for Discretionary Programs: 1962-2003.....     131
   Table 8.8--Outlays for Discretionary Programs in Constant (FY        
   1992) Dollars: 1962-2003.....................................     136
   Table 8.9--Budget Authority for Discretionary Programs: 1976-        
   2003.........................................................     141
                                                                        
Section 9--Federal Government Outlays for Major Physical                
 Capital, Research and Development, and Education and Training..     145
   Table 9.1--Total Investment Outlays for Physical Capital,            
   Research and Development, and Education and Training: 1962-          
   1999.........................................................     145
   Table 9.2--Major Physical Capital Investment Outlays in              
   Current and Constant (FY 1992) Dollars: 1940-1999............     146
   Table 9.3--Major Public Physical Capital Investment Outlays          
   in Percentage Terms: 1940-1999...............................     148
   Table 9.4--National Defense Outlays for Major Public Direct          
   Physical Capital Investment: 1940-1999.......................     150
   Table 9.5--Nondefense Outlays for Major Public Direct                
   Physical Capital Investment: 1940-1999.......................     151
                                              
Section 9 (Continued)...........................................        
   Table 9.6--Composition of Outlays for Grants for Major Public        
   Physical Capital Investment: 1941-1999.......................     153
   Table 9.7--Summary of Outlays for the Conduct of Research and        
   Development: 1949-1999 (In Current Dollars, as Percentages of        
   Total Outlays, as Percentages of GDP, and in Constant (FY            
   1992) Dollars)...............................................     159
   Table 9.8--Composition of Outlays for the Conduct of Research        
   and Development: 1949-1999...................................     160
   Table 9.9--Composition of Outlays for the Conduct of                 
   Education and Training: 1962-1999............................     166
                                                                        
Section 10--Gross Domestic Product and Implicit Outlay Deflators     169
   Table 10.1--Gross Domestic Product and Deflators Used in the         
   Historical Tables: 1940-2003.................................     169
                                                                        
Section 11--Federal Government Payments for Individuals.........     171
   Table 11.1--Summary Comparison of Outlays for Payments for           
   Individuals: 1940-2003 (In Current Dollars, as Percentages of        
   Total Outlays, as Percentages of GDP, and in Constant (FY            
   1992) Dollars)...............................................     171
   Table 11.2--Functional Composition of Outlays for Payments           
   for Individuals: 1940-2003...................................     173
   Table 11.3--Outlays for Payments for Individuals by Category         
   and Major Program: 1940-2003.................................     181
                                                                        
Section 12--Federal Grants To State and Local Governments.......     203
   Table 12.1--Summary Comparison of Total Outlays for Grants to        
   State and Local Governments: 1940-2003 (in Current Dollars,          
   as Percentages of Total Outlays, as Percentages of GDP, and          
   in Constant (FY 1992) Dollars)...............................     203
   Table 12.2--Total Outlays for Grants to State and Local              
   Governments, by Function and Fund Group: 1940-2003...........     205
   Table 12.3--Total Outlays for Grants to State and Local              
   Governments, by Function, Agency, and Program: 1940-2003.....     211
                                                                        
Section 13--Social Security and Medicare........................     251
   Table 13.1--Cash Income, Outgo, and Balances of the Social           
   Security and Medicare Trust Funds: 1936-2003.................     251
                                                                        
Section 14--Federal Sector Transactions in the National Income          
 and Product Accounts...........................................     262
   Table 14.1--Federal Transactions in the National Income and          
   Product Accounts for Federal Fiscal Years: 1947-1999.........     262
   Table 14.2--Federal Transactions in the National Income and          
   Product Accounts as Percentages of GDP for Federal Fiscal            
   Years: 1947-1999.............................................     265
                                                                        
Section 15--Total (Federal and State and Local) Government              
 Finances.......................................................     268
   Table 15.1--Total Government Receipts in Absolute Amounts and        
   as Percentages of GDP: 1947-1997.............................     268
   Table 15.2--Total Government Expenditures: 1947-1997.........     269
   Table 15.3--Total Government Expenditures as Percentages of          
   GDP: 1947-1997...............................................     270
   Table 15.4--Total Government Expenditures by Major Category          
   of Expenditure: 1947-1997....................................     271
   Table 15.5--Total Government Expenditures by Major Category          
   of Expenditure as Percentages of GDP: 1947-1997..............     272
   Table 15.6--Total Government Surpluses or Deficits (-) in            
   Absolute Amounts and as Percentages of GDP: 1947-1997........     273
                                                                        
Section 16--Federal Health Spending.............................     274
   Table 16.1--Total Outlays for Health Programs: 1962-2003.....     274
                                                                        
Section 17--Government Employment...............................     275
   Table 17.1--Total Executive Branch Civilian Employees, 1940-         
   1997.........................................................     275
   Table 17.2--Total Executive Branch Civilian Employees, 1940-         
   1997 (as percentage of total)................................     276
   Table 17.3--Total Executive Branch Civilian Full-Time                
   Equivalent (FTE) Employees, 1981-1999........................     277
   Table 17.4--Total Executive Branch Civilian Full-Time                
   Equivalent (FTE) Employees, 1981-1999 (as percentage of              
   total).......................................................     278
   Table 17.5--Government Employment and Population, 1962-1997..     279