TASK, CONDITION AND STANDARD
ELEMENT: Assault aviation company.
TASK: Conduct a combat assault of an infantry company with two hours notice, to an LZ within the brigade’s area of operations.
CONDITION: An assault helicopter company with 10 mission UH-60L helicopters (two serials of five UH-60s). All aviators with a current crew day. An infantry company with 100 personnel (no vehicles or external loads) located at the PZ. The operation is a seats-in operation conducted under day or night vision goggle (NVG) conditions using terrain flight. (An ACL of 10 passengers leaves room for one observer/controller per aircraft, if utilized.)
1. The unit plans and executes air assault IAW MTP 1-045 (assault helicopter battalion) and 101st Airborne Division Gold Book, dated 10 Feb 98.
2. The assault aviation company air assaults the infantry company to a location within the brigade’s area of operations.
3. The assault aviation company takes off from the PZ within 2 hours of notification..
4. The assault aviation company lands at the specified location (LZ) +/- 50 meters, +/- 30 seconds of intended landing time.
SUBTASKS AND STANDARDS
1. Planning tasks:
a. Assault aviation company commander:
(1) Receives warning order from higher headquarters.
(2) Directs activities to prepare company for air assault operations.
(3) Issues warning order and initial planning guidance to subordinates.
(4) Develops plan to select aircrews and configure aircraft for mission requirements.
(5) Maintains contact/communications with supported unit and higher headquarters, ensuring optimum reaction time to respond to mission changes.
(6) Commander or designated representatives attend air mission coordination meeting (AMCM) and/or air mission briefing (AMB), if applicable.
b. S3/assault aviation LNO/S3 Air:
(1) Coordinates all phases of the air assault with supported unit and higher headquarters.
(2) Assists the AATF headquarters in developing air assault plan and air movement table (AMT).
(3) Advises AATFC on all aspects (capabilities/limitations) of available resources and helps develop mission plan.
(4) Provides information on number of mission aircraft, as well as passenger and cargo capabilities.
(5) Assists in selecting suitable PZ/LZs for loading and landing phases of the air assault, if available. Selects primary LZ and alternates with available information.
(6) Selects times for staging, loading, movement, and landing phases of the air assault.
(7) Ensures FARP assets are coordinated through the aviation battalion headquarters.
(8) Ensures higher headquarters coordinates for air assault security and fire support.
(9) Ensures higher headquarters obtains A2C2 control measures and integrates planned operation into A2C2 system of the brigade and higher.
(10) Establishes contact with supporting aviation units (attack) if employed to finalize fire support plan.
(11) Coordinates with FSO/Attack elements to lift or shift fires as necessary.
c. Flight lead:
(1) Uses available intelligence to select flight routes that avoid known hazards and ADA locations.
(2) Selects primary and alternate flight routes, coordination points and confirms downed aviator points.
(3) Receives thorough terrain analysis with available information from S2.
(4) Plans mission to ensure aircraft survivability.
(5) Selects safest terrain flight techniques compatible with mission requirements.
(6) Conducts pilot briefing in conjunction with company commander/platoon leader(s).
d. Supported infantry company commander/platoon leader:
(1) Plans for integration and fire control of direct and indirect fire assets (UH60, AH64, mortars, and artillery) throughout the ground commander's battle space.
(2) Plans for communications between flight crews and transported unit; signals and/or codes for alternate door exit, alternate LZ landing, actual location of the LZ (six digit grid) if different from planned location, etc.
(3) Plans for signals/markings to be used by ground forces (if already in the LZ) to designate friendly and enemy forces.
(4) Plans for casualty evacuation plan to include markings and position of aircraft and casualty collection point.
(5) Plans for downed aircraft procedures, to include "zeroing" of COMSEC equipment, location of first aid kits and fire extinguishers, and recovery plan.
(6) Establishes abort criteria for landing on the alternate LZ, changing the mission, extracting units in contact, etc.
(7) Plans for in-flight communications between chalks/serials, C2 aircraft, assault aircraft, and attack aircraft using organic assets and/or assets on the aircraft (e.g., external antenna).
2. Preparation and coordination tasks:
a. Assault aviation platoon leader(s):
(1) Directs confirmation of serviceability of ASE equipment, including IFF/ALQ/chaff, etc.
(2) Prepares and briefs crews at consolidated pilot briefing (This briefing will include attack aviation representatives).
(1) Perform preflight and prepare aircraft and mission equipment for readiness condition (REDCON) preparedness. Includes adjusting aircraft configuration to accommodate passengers/cargo.
(2) Perform function checks of cargo hook and weapons to ensure serviceability.
(3) Distribute ammunition.
(4) Verify proper coding and serviceability of aircraft survivability equipment.
3. Execution tasks (Staging): Company conducts staging operations.
a. Aircraft depart assembly area and move over designated routes to PZ (if not collocated). Upon arrival at PZ, flight lead or air mission commander contact supported unit for terminal guidance and clearance for landing.
b. Company arrives at staging area at time designated in AMT. Aircraft laager/park tactically and orient on assigned security perimeter from ground tactical commander, as required.
c. Commander or AMC establishes contact with supported unit/LNO to get updated information/ intelligence, finalize route planning, and rehearse.
d. Unit representatives finalize LZs and routes.
e. PZ control directs loading of aircraft.
f. Assault aviation company conducts loading of supported unit.
g. Infantry company ensures aircraft are loaded as specified in the AMT.
h. Supported infantry company deletes passengers/loads as necessary IAW bump plan.
4. Execution tasks (Air assault): Assault aviation company conducts air assault of the supported unit.
a. Departs PZ at designated times.
b. Moves along planned routes.
c. Employs appropriate terrain flight techniques IAW METT-T.
d. Conducts deception operations as necessary.
e. Aircrews report enemy sightings to AMC in SALTY or SALUTE report format.
5. Execution tasks (Landing): Company conducts landing phase of the air assault.
a. Ensures lifts and serials arrive at LZs at times indicated on the AMT.
b. All Flight Leads pass a 3"x5" notecard to senior infantry representative with new GPS grid location immediately upon landing, if landed to other than intended LZ.
c. Aircrews supervise expeditious unloading of troops and equipment in the LZ.
d. Designated aircrews provide medical evacuation of wounded (CASEVAC).
6. Execution tasks (Follow on operations): Company conducts follow-on operations phase of the air assault.
a. Aircraft return to staging area/assembly area along designated routes.
b. Aircraft arrive at assembly area and refuel at the FARP IAW TACSOP.
c. Aircraft land at designated area and aircrews prepare for future operations.
d. Designated aircraft provide air movement of supplies of personnel and supplies to sustain air assault.
7. Fire control measures/tasks:
a. During initial serial insertion, AATFC controls all fires. Attack aviation, fire support, and door gunners engage targets as planned in the initial order and AMB. Prior to first serial arriving on the LZ weapons status is free IAW the fire plan and control measures (RFA's, NFA's, etc.).
b. Once troops are on the ground, the ground commander controls and clears all fires in and around the LZ.
c. Status of all weapons on subsequent serials is "tight." Use of target designators, A/N PAQ4 and GCP-1A/B, is also "tight" with specific control by the ground commander.
d. Each chalk carries primary and alternate day/night markers to designate their position. Markers must be visible to both ground and air observation. Examples include VS-17 panel, smoke, glint tape, IR Strobe-lights, MRE heaters, etc.
8. Reporting tasks:
a. Commander or AMC notify Bn Cdr/TOC of arrival if applicable.
b. AMC and flight leads conduct debrief of threats identified with the S-2.
c. Platoons move to designated area within the assembly area.
d. Platoon performs consolidation and reorganization.
e. Company commander forwards status report to higher headquarters and prepares for