101st Airborne Division (Air Assault) Gold Book
Terms and Definitions
- A2C2: Army airspace command and control. Identifies airspace users and coordinates, integrates, and regulates the use of airspace as defined by geographical and altitude dimensions. Requires integration of Army aviation assets, Air Force/Navy/Marine aviation assets (within the Division airspace), ADA, and Artillery
- ABN: Air battle net. Radio net dedicated to air-to-air coordination during AASLT operations.
- Air assault operations: Deliberate, precisely planned, and vigorously executed combat operations by assault forces (combat, combat support, and combat service support) designed to allow friendly forces to strike over extended distances and terrain barriers to attack the enemy when and where he is most vulnerable.
- Air assault task force commander (AATFC): Normally the Infantry brigade or battalion Commander whose own unit(s) form the nucleus or predominance of forces in the AATF. He commands the air assault operation and is responsible for its overall planning and execution. He controls all units assigned, attached, or under operational control (OPCON) to the AATF, and establishes mission priorities for those units in DS or GS of the AATF. In situations where the enemy allows, he will probably be airborne in a C2 helicopter during the movement and insertion phases of an air assault. At other times, he fights the battle from a tactical command post (TAC CP) deployed well forward.
- Air battle captain (ABC): The ABC controls the synchronization of any programmed joint air attack team (JAAT) operation that masses attack helicopter fires, close air support (CAS) aircraft, indirect fires, and direct-fire systems. Although the AATFC has overall responsibility for conducting the battle, the ABC coordinates fires and communicates with the AATFC. The ABC is usually the commander of the attack element supporting the air assault.
- Airhead: A designated location in an area of operations used as a base for supply and evacuation by air. The airhead contains enough drop zones (DZs), landing zones (LZs), and extraction zones (EZs) to ensure mass, interior lines of communications, and defense in depth.
- Airhead Line: The limit of the objective area, assault objectives determine the size and shape of the airhead and the trace of the airhead line.
- Alternate PZ/LZ: A PZ/LZ used when the primary PZ/LZ becomes untenable, compromised, or unsafe. It is located so that the unit can continue its mission with as little change as possible.
- AMC: The air mission commander (AMC) is designated by the supporting aviation brigade or battalion commander and is subordinate to the AATFC. He typically commands the assault aviation unit supporting the operation. During an air assault, the AMC does not pilot or copilot a C2 aircraft. He is located with the AATFC at the C2 console. He controls all Army aviation assets in support of the AATF, including attack helicopters, ensures that aviation operations are conducted according to the AATFC’s directives, serves as the AATFC’s advisor on aviation matters, and assists the AATFC with planning.
- BAE: Brigade aviation element. Aviation unit personnel assigned to provide liaison to the AATFC and his staff; including the Brigade S3/S2, and the Brigade S3 Air.
- Boundary: 1. A control measure used to define the right, left, rear, and forward limits of an area of operation. 2. A control measure normally drawn along identifiably terrain features and used to delineate areas of tactical responsibility between adjacent units and between higher headquarters to the rear of subordinate units.
- CAN: Command aviation net. The radio net dedicated to air-to-ground coordination during AASLT operations.
- CASEVAC Aircraft: UH-1Hs, UH-60s or CH-47s which are configured with litters and/or jump seats in order to provide evacuation of casualties when standard MEDEVAC aircraft are committed or unavailable.
- CCP: Casualty collection point. A physical location established by Infantry Battalions for the collection, treatment, and evac of casualties.
- CHS: Combat health support. Formerly called health service support (HSS). Involves 5 levels of support, three of which are seen within division CHS operations and are explained below:
(1) Level I: Self-aid and buddy-aid rendered by individual soldiers and platoon/company medics. Level I extends to the battalion aid station (BAS) where CHS is delivered by both paraprofessional and professional health care providers to include physician assistants and/or physicians.
(2) Level II: Includes Level I care as well as the CHS provided by FSB and MSB medical companies. Level II capabilities in a FSB Medical Company includes an increased number of medical treatment personnel, deployable treatment facilities, patient holding cots, emergency dental capabilities, blood storage and transfusion capabilities, limited x-ray and limited laboratory capabilities, and ground evacuation capabilities not found in Level I facilities. In the MSB medical company, limited Class VIII Supply, and limited optical fabrication capabilities. In the 101st Airborne Division (AASLT), Level II CHS includes surgical equipment and personnel assigned to the forward surgical team (FST) which provides far forward emergency resuscitative surgery when attached to a Level II facility within the division. FST may be located at either FSB or MSB Level II facility.
(3) Level III: Hospitals usually assigned to a corps medical group/medical brigade. Contains both surgical personnel and facilities as well as medical treatment personnel and wards dedicated to the care of soldiers requiring admission to a hospital. These facilities are usually located in the Division rear or forward in the Corps area near the division rear. The 86th Combat Support Hospital is an example of a Level III facility.
- Evacuation net: The radio net dedicated to requesting MEDEVAC in a brigade/battalion TF. In the Brigade TF, this net is the FSMC command frequency.
- Evacuation OIC: The officer designated by the brigade TF FSB commander to be the person responsible for establishing casualty evacuation priorities and calling for MEDEVAC/CASEVAC support.
- FOB: Forward operating base. A FOB is an area from which an air assault brigade task force conducts continuous air assault operations against forces and facilities in enemy controlled or dominated territory. A FOB can be established in friendly or enemy territory. FOB operations may include, but are not limited to, the following:
1) Refueling and rearming aviation assets.
2) Sustaining ground forces with all classes of supply and Level II CHS.
3) Providing a secure area for transit of follow-on air assault forces.
- FSMC: Forward support medical company. The medical company which provides Level II combat health support for the brigade TF.
- FSMT: Forward support MEDEVAC team. The MEDEVAC section of the air ambulance company which provides OPCON MEDEVAC support to the brigade TF.
- Ground tactical commander (GTC): The GTC is the commander of the largest ground maneuver task force inserted during the air assault. He is usually an AATFC subordinate maneuver commander and flies on one of the first serials into the objective area. He maintains communications with the AATFC during the flight.
- HSSO: Health service staff officer. The combat health support planning officer assigned to the FSB staff.
- ISB: Intermediate staging base. A secure base which an AATF can use for staging an air assault operation near an unsecured objective allowing the insertion of decisive force into the objective area. A notional example would be using Puerto Rico as an ISB for an air assault into Cuba.
- MASCAL: Mass casualty (situation). Any casualty-producing situation which produces either a total number and/or type(s) of casualties which exceed the evacuation and/or treatment capabilities of supporting CHS assets.
- MEDEVAC aircraft: UH-1Vs/UH-60As designed, equipped, and staffed to perform standard medical evacuation.
- MEDEVAC pad: The pickup and landing zone established by the FSMC for use by MEDEVAC/CASEVAC aircraft in the conduct of aerial casualty evacuation missions to and from the FSMC. This MEDEVAC pad is marked in standard fashion with a red cross for daytime and landing lights for nighttime operations. This pad must be easily identifiable for pilots conducting both daytime and nighttime casualty evacuation operations and distinguishable from landing pads utilized for logistical resupply operations, troop pickup/landing, etc…
- Medical evacuation: Process of moving patients from point of injury (POI) or illness to a medical treatment facility (MTF)
- METT-TC: Mission, enemy, terrain, troops, time available, and civilian considerations.
- Objective: 1. The physical object of the action taken (for example, a definite terrain feature, the seizure or holding of which is essential to the commander’s plan, or, the destruction of an enemy force without regard to terrain features). 2. The clearly defined, decisive, and attainable aims which every military operation should be directed towards. 3. The most important decisive points.
- Objective area: A defined geographical area within which is located an objective to be captured or reached by the military forces. This area is defined by competent authority for purposes of command and control.
- Perimeter defense: A defense without an exposed flank, consisting of forces deployed along the perimeter of the defended area.
- Phase line (PL): A line used for control and coordination of military operations, usually a terrain feature extending across the zone of action. Units normally report crossing PLs, but do not halt unless specifically directed.
- Point of injury (POI): The geographical location where casualties receive their wounds/injuries.
- Primary PZ/LZ: The PZ/LZ chosen for an operation, based on METT-TC, that provides the best means to accomplish the assigned mission.
- ROZ: Restricted operating zone. An area of air space in which aircraft crews await further instructions or within which commanders can control operations. This space, while not wholly prohibited, is subject to flight/air usage restrictions for Aviation, ADA, Artillery, Air Force, etc.
- Security area (zone): Area that begins at the forward area of the battlefield and extends as far to the front and flanks as security forces are deployed. Forces in the security area furnish information on the enemy and delay, deceive, and disrupt the enemy and conduct counter-reconnaissance.
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