Annex D. Space And Missile Defense Technologies
Army Science and Technology Master Plan (ASTMP 1997)


I. INTRODUCTION

Several recent exercises have clearly shown the growing importance of Space and Missile Defense operations to joint warfighters. USASSDC is the Army's lead command to ensure soldiers, today and in the future, have the best space and missile defense capabilities in the world.

LTG Edward G Anderson III

 

The U.S. Army Space & Strategic Defense Command (USASSDC) develops capabilities to support the Missile Defense and related DoD Space Programs objectives. The USASSDC goals and objectives continue to evolve as the environment in which we live demands a re-evaluation of the strategy for the Command. What does not change is the vision of the organization, which calls for continued improvements to our process "to meet the challenge given the turbulent world environment, of providing into the next decade effective, affordable, and high quality technology solutions for Space, Theater, and National Missile Defense."

The environment, the Command’s vision, and customer demands resulted in the following USASSDC goals:

1. Provide near-term technology to support a Theater Missile Defense (TMD) deployment between 1997-2000 and beyond.

2. Provide technology to develop and maintain the option to deploy a cost-effective, operationally effective, and ABM treaty compliant system designed to protect the United States against limited ballistic missile threats, including accidental or unauthorized launches or third world attacks.

3. Execute the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization (BMDO) Research and technology missions.

• Maintain a prudent research and technology base program towards developing a more advanced Ballistic Missile Defense (BMD).

• Serve as the Army focal point for Missile Defense technology.

• Provide responsive program support and infrastructure.

4. Maintain USASSDC as the Center of Excellence in space and missile defense.

5. Develop and operate the USASSDC Missile Defense Battle Integration Center (MDBIC) to accomplish the Army TMD (ATMD) four-pillar integration (active defense, passive defense, attack operations, and Battle Management/ Command, Control, Communications, Computers, and Intelligence (BMC4I)).

6. Provide the targets and test and evaluation support for BMD programs.

7. As the Army advocate for Space, TMD, and National Missile Defense (NMD), USASSDC provides technology and advanced system(s) concepts to support combat development, operations, and training for BMD.

8. Manage Kwajalein Atoll, an element of the DoD Major Range and Test Facilities Base, and the High Energy Laser Systems Test Facility (HELSTF) in support of customer requirements.

9. Serve as the Army component of the U.S. Space Command.

• Operate and manage the Army Space Program Office (ASPO) Tactical Exploitation of National Capabilities (TENCAP) programs.

• Operate the DSCS Ground Stations.

• Act as the Army proponent for space products.

• Operate the ground-based component of the NMD when deployed.

10. Transfer technologies to the Army, DoD, other government agencies (federal, state, and local), and commercial activities.

11. Provide technology and management matrix support to the Program Executive Office Air & Missile Defense (PEO AMD).

12. Improve management and cost effectiveness.

The priorities of the Command are to provide America’s warfighters with over-matching capabilities to dominate all dimensions of the battlefield in the following areas:

1. Theater Missile Defense (TMD): protect friendly forces against theater ballistic missiles.

2. National Missile Defense (NMD): rapidly field a treaty compliant U.S.-based missile defense system.

3. Space: provide timely, responsive, reliable space capabilities and products for battlefield domination.

From its headquarters in Arlington, VA, USASSDC oversees a number of Army elements around the globe to accomplish its challenging mission. Huntsville, AL, is the home of the Deputy Commander, the Missile Defense and Space Technology Center (MDSTC), and the Missile Defense Battle Integration Center (MDBIC). Other elements of the Command are: the U.S. Army Space Command (USARSPACE) located in Colorado Springs, CO; the U.S. Army Space Program Office (ASPO), located in Fairfax, VA; U.S. Army Kwajalein Atoll/Kwajalein Missile Range (USAKA/KMR) located in the Republic of the Marshall Islands; and the HELSTF located at White Sands Missile Range, NM.

This annex emphasizes DoD funded, Army managed programs and provides leveraging opportunities into other Army Programs. The annex provides an overview of the Army PEO AMD system elements and the associated USASSDC technology programs supporting these elements. Supporting capabilities and technology transfer are also discussed. For more information regarding any of the systems, technologies, or capabilities in this annex, contact Mr. Troy Street (USASSDC-MDSTC) at (205) 955-5209.