F. Command, Control, and Communication
C3 technology encompasses capability to acquire, process, and disseminate information across force elements (including international coalition forces). The functions must be reliable, provide secure multi-level access, and be protected from enemy attacks. This will require advances not only in computing hardware and software (discussed in Section E.II.G) but in the interconnection fabric of communications. As delineated in the JWSTP, the goal is seamless and effective integration of capabilities for planning and preemption, integrated force management, and effective employment of sensor-to-shooter "systems-of-systems." Table E.II-5 below summarizes trends in capabilities to meet milestones in seamless communications, information distribution and management, and decision-making addressed in Chapter IV of the ASTMP Volume I.
Table II.E-5. Command, Control, and Communications
|F. COMMAND, CONTROL, AND COMMUNICATIONS||UNITED KINGDOM||FRANCE||GERMANY||OTHER COUNTRIES||JAPAN||PACIFIC RIM||FSU|
|SEAMLESS COMMUNICATION||Battlefield interoperability||Battlefield interoperability||Comm. networks Battlefield interoperability International interoperability||Canada tactical interoperability||Fuzzy logic, High- speed comm.|
|INFORMATION DISTRIBUTION AND MANAGEMENT||Natural language processing||Real-time distributed comm. Switch systems Machine translation C2 simulation||Machine translation Natural language processing||Canada advanced data display
Netherlands natural language processing Knowledgebase/ database science
|DECISION MAKING||Intelligent systems||Mission planning||Israel battle management||Fuzzy logic|
Digitization of the battlefield--as reflected in the Army C4I technical architecture and the inter-operability objectives of the Army Digitization Office--is expected to rely largely on the effective use of commercial off-the-shelf (COTS). While these may provide many of the building blocks, integration, demonstration of the technology in the field remains a significant challenge. Widespread mass market availability of low-cost computers of unprecedented power and global connectivity over the Internet has lead to rapid expansion and proliferation of information systems technologies.
There are several key areas where international developments are likely to provide continuing opportunities for cooperation. These include:
High-speed digital switching and networking techniques supporting seamless communications and robust interoperable systems.
Machine translation software products, and intelligent agents for data acquisition and retrieval.
Intelligent systems technologies for real-time decision support.
The opportunities highlighted in the following paragraphs support defense technology objectives for achieving information superiority and operational dominance in the battlespace of the future. The breadth, diversity, and number of the areas highlighted reflect the nature of the global information infrastructure, and identify a number of areas where existing or near-term pending agreements offer significant opportunities for cooperation.