Annex E. International Armaments Strategy
Army Science and Technology Master Plan (ASTMP 1997)


H. Conventional Weapons

Conventional weapons objectives are directed towards a variety of technologies for increasing the lethality and mission effectiveness of guided and unguided weapons and mines. Opportunities are to be found in a variety of subareas identified in Chapter IV of the ASTMP, volume I as illustrated in the Table E.II-7 below.

Table E.II-7. Conventional Weapons

H. CONVENTIONAL WEAPONS UNITED KINGDOM FRANCE GERMANY OTHER COUNTRIES JAPAN PACIFIC RIM FSU
FUZING, SAFING AND ARMING OVERALL OVERALL OVERALL Israel Italy Components    
GUIDANCE AND CONTROL OVERALL OVERALL OVERALL   Components ROK  
GUNS, CONVENTIONAL AND ELECTRIC ETC gun OVERALL ETC gun Israel ETC gun   Australia Rail-guns Russia OVERALL
MINES AND COUNTERMINES OVERALL OVERALL OVERALL       Russia OVERALL
WARHEADS EXPLOSIVES AND ROCKET/MISSILE PROPULSION OVERALL OVERALL
Hypervelocity propulsion
Vehicle integration Israel BMD missile

Sweden
Switzerland
Hypervelocity propulsion  
WEAPON LETHALITY AND VULNERABILITY        

Russia, France, Germany, and the U.K. are major developers of conventional weapons followed closely in capability by Italy, Sweden, and Israel. Japan, which is prohibited by its national legislation from exporting weapons, has significant indigenous capabilities as well as strong capabilities in certain lay component technologies such as gallium arsenide microwave components and neural net and fuzzy logic pattern recognition, and hypervelocity propulsion. Army objectives for improvements in tungsten alloy penetrators may be furthered by cooperation with other countries, including the U.K. and France. France has strong capabilities in explosives and propulsion systems; including air-breathing hypervelocity propulsion systems. Japan has also taken steps to improve its technological capabilities in aerospace materials and aerodynamic design for hypersonic propulsion systems. Both of these could contribute to development of long-range hypervelocity systems for the Army.

The ASTMP Chapter IV.H includes milestones for extending the range and lethality of conventional artillery and anti-armor rounds. The growing global concern about increased proliferation of mines and countermine capabilities point to the need for international development and adoption of new design standards and mine clearing capabilities. The following highlight specific areas where existing or near-term pending agreements offer significant opportunities for advances in hypervelocity missile propulsion, electrothermal gun propulsion, and guidance and control.