Annex E. International Armaments Strategy
Army Science and Technology Master Plan (ASTMP 1997)


C. Computer and Information Sciences

Computers and information systems are pervasive in virtually all military systems and operations and are essential to maintaining the present leading position of US military capabilities. Table E.III-2 summarizes international research capabilities for each major subarea.

Table E.III-2. Computer & Information Systems

COMPUTER AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS UNITED KINGDOM FRANCE GERMANY OTHER COUNTRIES JAPAN PACIFIC RIM FSU
Theoretical Computer Science Sweden Netherlands
India

Russia

Formal Methods for Software Engineering Sweden Netherlands Finland
 

Russia

Software Prototyping, Development and Evolution Sweden Netherlands

 
Knowledgebase Data base Sciences Netherlands
 

Russia

Natural Language Processing

Netherlands

 

Russia

Theoretical computer science is directed at extending the state-of-the-art of high-performance computers, an enabling technology for modern tactical and strategic warfare. Formal methods of software engineering and knowledgebase database science are the software parallels to improving the computer hardware addressed in computer studies. US software development has been a driving force in enhancing the overall tactical and strategic capabilities of the US armed forces. Natural language processing has taken on an increased importance with the use of multi-national/multi-language forces in the field. The need for rapid communication between such forces is essential to the efficient and safe military cooperation between various national forces.

The United States has been the world leader in computer science and most areas of software development. However, a number of countries have world class capabilities in various aspects of the overall science. The UK and Netherlands are leaders in most areas, with extensive capabilities in knowledgebase database science and natural language processing. Germany is a leader in most areas, with extensive capabilities in natural language processing. France is also quite advanced and has active programs in language processing. Japan has world class capabilities in software prototyping, as well as being very active in most other areas. Russia, while seriously limited in overall funding, has demonstrated increasing capabilities in most areas. A number of other countries have niche capabilities; e.g. India, Sweden, and Finland.