Annex E. International Armaments Strategy
Army Science and Technology Master Plan (ASTMP 1997)


D. Physics

Basic research in physics broadly supports advanced technology developments by providing insight into the nature and interaction of substance. These enable ongoing advancement in microminiaturization and optical subsystems. This, in turn, improves sensor capability and continued development of image analysis and target recognition. As Table E.III-3 shows, a wide range of countries possess capabilities in the subareas of physics because the technologies have a wide range of civil and military applications.

Table E.III-3. Physics

PHYSICS UNITED KINGDOM FRANCE GERMANY OTHER COUNTRIES JAPAN PACIFIC RIM FSU
Nanotechology

Capability in microscopy

Capability in molecular chemistry

Broad capability in sub-micron research

  World leader in nanotech- nology    
Photonics Optical switching,
Optoelectro- nics,
Signal processing
Optical
switching,
Optoelectronics,

Signal
processing

Optica
l computing
Optical switching,
Optoelec- tronics
Signal processing

Belgium, Canada, Sweden Optical switching

Optical switching,
Optoelectronics,
Signal processing,
Optical computing
  Russia
Optical sensors,
Optical computing
Obscured
Visibilityu & Novel
Sensing
Sensors, Signature
reduction, Lasers
Sensors,
Signature reduction, Lasers
Sensors, lasers

Israel Signature reduction

Fiber optic

gyroscopes,

Sensors, Lasers
  Russia
Glonass,
Signature
reduction,
Lasers
Optical Warfare High energy
lasers, Sensing of CB agents
High energy
lasers, Sensing
of CB agents
High energy lasers, Sensing of
CB agents
Israel, Canada Sensing of CB agents

Non-linear optics

  Russia
Non-linear

optics,
High energy lasers, Sensing of CB agents
Image Analysis Enhancement Technology Signal processing, Software &
modeling
Signal
Processing Software &
modeling
Signal processing,
Software &
modeling
Canada Signal
processing,
Software &
modeling:
Sweden
Software &
modeling

Signal processing, Software & modeling

 

Japanese and German research in sub-micron imaging and Japan's overall capabilities in nanotechnology offer great potential in producing smaller, faster, devices designed to consume less power. Advances in photonics should yield further improvements in optical switching, high-speed computing and improved information storage. The UK, France, Germany and Japan have ongoing research in the various areas of photonics. The army's ability to operate under conditions of poor visibility is enhanced by improved sensing capabilities. The UK, France and Japan have significant capabilities in the related technology areas. Germany and Israel have capabilities that also merit consideration. The concept of optical warfare is becoming increasingly important, with applications which include remote sensing of chemical and biological agents. This is still a relatively new research area but many countries have interest in applicable research. Image analysis and target recognition are of increasing importance; because of the increasing speed of modern weapons, and the need for faster and more accurate identification of "friend or foe." Again, this is an area where a number of countries are developing capabilities.

Japan is a leader in many niche areas of research. They are a world leader in nanotechnology, have world class capabilities in photonics and excellence in obscured visibility and novel sensing. Germany has world class capabilities in sub-micron research and photonics, while the UK and France have capabilities in photonics and obscured visibility and novel sensings. Russia has considerable capabilities in photonics and obscured visibility and novel sensings; however, decreased funding points to a decreasing capability. Finally, Israel, Canada, Sweden and Belgium have important niche capabilities.